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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - April 16, 1892, Cincinnati, Ohio A rmerican Catholic Tribune. L tf BIb Rm<—»bb CariloAl OlMBBm, AreiiMBli«f tl BaltUMrt, ■«., tfe« Bo«t Bav. ArefeMsliopB of OtMtuiatl, «ni PhllaABtpbUi. IBs Bt, Bt¥. BUIuipB •! OwtBftiNi, By., MuitaB, 0., Blshauii, fa., fiaaa—aa, lai., aai WDHtailaB, IMi VOL VII.CINCINNATI SATURDAY. APRIL 16 18t2 NO 6 THE INDIANS AND NEGROES. Fathi' Slattery gives the Result of the work of the Chu r -Among them. \ w . > i H .1 - li - -Í ¿ii i ‘ h»u J i> i • T * Ut u ij } d. ‘ .J    » ’'1 ■    sner 1 - t-r * n t: W 1 ;ic Í H> I Aiii't •Ai i t It-. wL th »D T Í 1 f i I [ i if » b.-h- a. < t kod ‘.rj* a toe *-cii il (iib WeiJt £1 all hu I it >.erii    tester    v«><    a ri.. t •    N»irr'»    rn -'1 «n- aiijonp • r-*i 1' j:    ;«.)•    Í r l; .'ianctu- "aF .L u tiaT w .i» t!i' cr.*woine \    ir^rkiui*-»!    at. annual col- T *    W ukei up i5t aii ih< h» .. ■ f tf . . (lurtrN for the In iiii I X J''-' Mi"'."ns. A \ z-^ * .’•a-'f l-f. . . I*. r Ce ►•lit .I U', ;ii i <_*n«*-«pience. a. wind    eflforU mid** o< wiu tl.t Nrgrt» 1 Alh'jl • V hurru; up to lime iherv hai* bevii ’-.«th. aD >vt Tiieniioncci c<aifcli«*ii i - -•►-'I i‘ an ep»-« opal < <»mn3Í“'itín n V inj    ..I    1 ardiñal Gibl>«tn' Ar ;    .«u p Ryan an 1 Bishop Kain r \Vb*-e!ini:, wh<» lucl on tbe first M riiiy it;    t    aid disihur!%e it. tí» iA-i report, the comiDisiüon an* ■rn'.^irat "O January Ut, I"-*!, cL-r.-he' we.t- 't-i apart f«»r the f CA>iored Catholic®, with '.4 lUv liarge. During 1*5ÍKj. ba|e *a> ail miniate red tn 4,1" 3 chil-.t »d CT 4 adulU, w th no report m .«even dio.    By -iriking a !a.r avt’Tige fr«*m tb»- reports of the • uheri. we mA\    put    to    their credit lu’.’v 40 .nit ,i    t.-a    and about >0 adult. Fro.*' the    rci^rt    we ieam that in ’.’.5 '«chool**    cbil- ireii in attecd.tnoe: an increase of 13 '^b'joU and -2,187 pupil> over me prect*eding year. Over twenty dif tcrent «i*teihoo<Í9 an* in charge of 'theise ho|ieful<,    of    «íto are • oinpose^l of colore<i—tbe ^Jr hues of Hall'morc ami the Holy Faiaily Sisters    of    Xew i>rleaos. ‘ri ere* are, moreover, a foundling ;isvluni, six orphanageF, three industrial sohcNh*. a guild f-r servant trir!>, and aca<iemy, and a hi tine for the asfeii, while the Catholic Negros are put at 1    Thc»e figure- a:e ci.nsoling Uj us, but they ari- be-i-.*w the mark. In many } arishes of Marriand. Kentucky and Louisiana, the whites and black.** U'*e iho same ' hurehu-. l]i*-h"p lUSu!li\an of Mo* bii! ref«*rt says: “There no church in »he duK * .*«1' for ine exclusive u ♦* »»f th * co Ore<I p <*ple, althoigh there are rive churchee attended almost » \ ¡u-^ively by them. These churches ar»* in tbe oountry di»tricis. In Mobil» and i*en-acola the* c*»iore»i CathoLc!' attend the churches together with the w hites,*' Vcrv many Catholic ( hi.dr»-n at** tend the puaiic tcho»»!»*; e. g'., in >t. Fru:' i- Xavier* Miv'ion for the Ne cr h;**. Baltimore, t-.frae yeai> ago thrr** were ab»)ut .a tbousaml cbildr»*n ‘•'7*. :he exact rigute*"» between the atre-* of seven and thirteen inclusive; Vet •hem ssioii ■>ch'** 1-» never reach** • d    In the country place^ i>* Ibi- - sj>ecia.!y is»- »a-.v. A few in' -tST of ih' Chun h H proj^re«> wi 1 l>e .ami'is her*-. In the dio<•e^e o X».. nii'K-hes, i*ii years ag**, no Cain-»'iic s<h‘M*l exi'led f *r the Negr«jes. Bi^hop Durier. in his last repcut, write** that be has s:\, a*lding that *'*i the ( omniission in charg** of tbe annual fund keej* th»* ball a rrdling. t athoilo ctlucalion of the Negrrw-s wii. r**3ch every parhh in my dio- C* Sr.’ Mpeakine of ea>tern Kentucky, Hi* i«»p Mae*. i»f Covington, writes: “The c*bored population of D xing-’• n b*-gin to apjTcCiau* what e b* ih^ lone for Tht*m; an i li.*- r re* V spCct f‘>r th' C alh‘lii ( hur* h. Us priC't.s an«l relignui i- groNN ing apa 'c* I confidently expe» t a great bar\e*it ■»»f Soul?* in that citv an*! a ri<jurisaing congregation where, three \'ear' ag«j. were not half a d*»zen kn .wn colore»] A’athoHc". d he non C ath«*lic chil-•drcn (over 2u' in t*ciio<,l learn the •cathechism readi.y. The older #ne> ?in*Jerstand it, and tbe enthu-iasm With which they competed for the rirst'place and premium-** in cateche** tiCal examinati- 11 wa.*» in«4eed c>n-Hoiiug.*’ Bishop Ga!UgLc*r. of Cialvesion, **ays that in his corner ..f Teiaa >H adult Xegr«x*s received baptism Jur* ing 1890 against -3 during    an iiicrea.**e of C3. He coaiinnca •Tf'e work in the interest of eob ' r d in thi* dio* .*■*•* goes on with nr;'tg:ng s*i‘_cc‘**, notwithstanding •    ’    *'.• n from different directioiii. \’.'e I • ._d luor* scL*jr»i room to accom-h. date all who apply to J us for ad-caii*>i q; parents are now beginning I»? éce the benefits their children de. rive from the schools. The obstao-lee in tbe way only prove    tbe work is gocKi, and we hope to be able re for ■! w I thc.**e poor c- lore<l Vi. but obtain the l»i>hop of t * th n pi-.p c. n r.**io.’’ Di. Vai- <]*- Vyvcr. R.v i f;i -n \ \vrite*i: **\\ - ’.a\** r‘^ i'--*n to thank ( for the afi i’ dai t bkCh'int£> which in the '■ <**1 vca** ! ■- irr.icicu*-ly b6Sl**wcd up-n th c I »red work in \'irgin a I 1;. 1 i>r m c'c-*** a sufticiehl guarid ee of the iul re.” W c hare been toM that «luring «Í .vk V a Cat o!it *^lave woul I cx»ni-iMiml one huiulftvl or so d<»ilarf;above th** or«linarv price, for lb* traders Ki ew that such slave.- ha*! been t i ighi ir.eir relicrion. In fact, Cuth-«. \egrw?s ha\e the same obligs li 11» a.** the White CathoHo; the same ca»eehi«m to maste ; the same ."sa rameiits to receive; tbe same Hi* er*.rohv to »>bey. The Catholic Chnrch has not one code of morals f»»r the N egroes and a stricter for the whiles. Nor dues she pretend to sanctify her black children by any other channel f*an she ministers to her fairer offering. Of her power **ver the blacks a living example are the lolored Sisters ef Baltimore. They were organixed as far back as m-jp—^be vear previous to the incorporation of the Maryland branch of the America i Colonization Society. There founder was a Father Joubert a Sulpiciao, whose famd , so tradition runs. wer<5 butchered during the in urreclion of the Negroes in San Domingo under Touss^int I/Over-lure. lie gave his whole fortune to this work, make the start with four of the refuges who to the number of twelve hundred had tied to Bal.¡more from San Doming*^. It was an be^ loic .1C of charity. Through good report and ill report these good Sis* ti*r- have hel i on ever since, altho’ often in da iger during Know nothing days and throughout the War. Albeit they lake the vows of religion from year, and hence are free to leave before e\e^y renewal, hardly any ever do so. In fact, the present mother, a wom*n fifty eight years of age, has been fifly-three years with them: twelve as a pupil and the rest as a Sister. Bi.-hop Moore, of San Augistine, dc^clarea ot his colored Catholics “that the large number of them who frequent the Sjcra-nenU is a source of edificazation to strangero who vi«-i;usin winter time ^ Nor shotild we forget what B'shop Northrop, if Cariest»>n, pleasantly call.s “a bright -pot in darkness.” “About fifty mi:ee from Charleston there are forty Cilholic Negroes who have kept tne faith like the Japanese.” Toey are without a prie?*t for seventeen years, because of post-bellum troubb - and the im[*overished con 'litioii in which the War left the Church in South Carolina. Sunday after Sunday they ai^semb^e in a rude structure wbivh they had built, or their church had been burned *i.jwn during the War. an old patriarch among thim taking the lead; he also baptized the children and prepared, as best he could, the dying. Regularly once a year the oíd man went to CharLston, as of old the sons of I-rael would go up to the Lord in Shiltjb, an»i there pleaded the ca>i*»e of his people before the Bishop, Dr. Lynch, now dead, who iinaly wa^ able I** send them the priest- their yearning hearts so longed ached for. T he Courch, uLich could mold the barbaric destroyer- of the Roman Empire into the nati JD8 of turope, the long ages were needed for it, is -ure to bring out wau-ver pood there is in the Negro race. T he poor people are as yet in -wa«1dling bands and have not ba»! tima t«* gr«»w and develop. 'Fo hum up our work is beset with many difiicullies both from within and from witnou.; yet the Catholic Chuich 1- directing earnestly her energies toward the conversion of the Negio :s. The bishops three*-fourth8 of whom are not much concerned, have efficially taken a great inita-tivc in taxing their diocei^es for the work. In Mother Katherine Drex eT- community, now numbering up. wsr»l of thirty* is the germ of a great body of missionaav women, whose efiorts will not be Lsmpered with the uñual drawback of debt. In St. Joseph's Seminarary, Baltimore’ and its feeder, the Epiphany Apostolic College are seventy young men, of wh»»m five are colored, preparing to be priests among the Negroes. The Cro-8 is held up before those voung men and w omen, who are taught to l«>uk lorward i«j lives of sacrifice. Only a week or so ago, I got a letter from a priest laboring for the color-ed Mis-issippians. He wrote in great glee that he had succeeded in buying a suitable plot for a church; yet in its purchase he spent cTjry dollar he could call his own—$3,200. “As needy, yet enriching many; as having nothing and posessing all things,” be may well say with St, Paul. Such, too, must be thp spirit which the vocation to the Negroes w ill demand of all missioners, priests and Sisters. Tne odds seem heavy against the Catholic Church, yet we feel sure of winning the Negro race to Christ, to country to Heaven. We cannot bnast of higher schools, of Slate aid, of m'lllions pouring in upon us; no, we may claim self*sacri-ficing soals. “For we dare not mat<m or compare ourselves with some that commend themselvei and compare ourselves with ourselves.” N r will th** mi.-sion of Holy C'hun*h slop heie. Some jirovideu" tial designs overhunirs the Negroes of our land. And Catholics, fired w ith the Apostolic spirit, from Cardinal l.avigerie, throwing his soul-loving eye over the sands of the African »le erf. to he hurnhlest missionary in our Southerland, believe that the work of the A*nerioan Negro will find its consumm-'tl n in Africa; m> in«Io**«l by Coiign a donal enact-menig, or colonization schem s, but by the outpouring of the Spirit of God. The day, then, is not far dis* taut wnon C’atholic missioTiaries, men and won.en, white ami black, will go forth to recon«|uer to religion ami civilization the land of St. Au* gu-tine and St. Cyprian. POPULAR TALKS ON LAW. nV WM. C. SPAOl'K KarntM of Part Pujment. There was an anclrnt custom, which was deemed m .re or le s neces sary, for contracting parti s to shake hands to signify the completion of the bargain. It was called handsale. The giving of fo lowed this custom. Erom early authorities it may be lea ned ihat the earnest formed no part af the purchase price. It wa« given only as a token. It mi;i{l)t consist of a ring, or any ar i-cle of value. 'I'he custom was suited to the manners of unlettered ages, and is now a most fallen into disuse. The words are not in the statutes of many of the States, but the statues of most of I he States declare that unless the buyer, at the time of the c*o*itract pay »*ome part of the pur* tha e mouey, or give s)mething in Earnest to bind the bargain, it is held that mere tender of Earnest, or part payment, is not snfficient. T he Earnest must be given, or part pay* meiit must be made, at the time of or in money’s worth, that is, some'* thing of intrinsic value If the biytr gives bis note at the time of the .contract, it is neither» an est nor part payment, but a note of a third party may be received as earnest or part payment. If the purchaser li Ids the seller’s note, a surrender of the note at the time of the contract wdll be part payment under the statut. I will conclude i»y citing one of the earl est English cases, illustrating the effect of a pa t payment at the time of niaking the contract. The <ase is Thornborow V Whitacre. Itwastried in I7u5. The facts are: Thornborow met Whitacre and said:    “Let us •strike a bargain. If I pay you a U-o note d wn    will    yo*i    give me (too rye corns next Monday, four on Monday week, eiy¡ít on Monday fortniglit, and so on, doubling it ever^^ Monday for a year ” W hitea^re quickly accepted the offer. When, however, he came to calculate the amount of rye he would have to beliver, he found it came to more than was grown in a year in all England. Thornborow 8ue«i Whit ere tor failure to perform h 8 agreement. The court said tjie contract was foolish, but was valid. The defendant claimed the contract was an “impossible contract.” Tha court held it was only so in re-ápect of the defendant’s ability to perform it. Tha plaintiff had judgment. The cut on this page shows the Administration Building now being erected for World’s Fair purposes. By popular verdict the Administration Building is pronouced the gem and crown of the .Exposition palaces. It is located at the w ait end of the great o »urt in the soutfern part of the site, looking eastward, and at its rear are the transportatioa facili i )S and depots. Thimofit conspicuous object which the Fathers of the Holy Ghost and many apostolic secular priest among the Negroes; nor the 6ervi«^*e of our \arious sisterhoods, and tie bene" factions of the Drexel sisters to both races; nor the annual national collection to enlist the faithful generally in the aid of both. We know that the Catlholic can furnish in the persons of iheir priests and religious, the highest examples ol heroic self-sacrifice and missionary zeal; hut what of Catholic popular reinforcement of the missionaries The IndtpeudeiU of April 7th bas a symposium on the “Education of Negroes and Ind ans” in which the benevolen¿ wJrk of the Congregational sts, Presbyterians, Episcopa lians, Methodists, Baptists and Catholics is detailed by writers whose knowledge and experience give their words weight. The Rev. J. R. Slattery, rector of St. Joseph’s Seminary, Baltim ire, an institution exclusively for the train ing of missionaries lo the Negroes, reports for the Catholics. He enumerates the Catholic institutions provided for the American Catholic Negroes, who are estimated at 152,-692. He declares those figures to be below the mark, and gives some remarkable returns of conversions to the Faith among adult Negroes in Louisiana, Easter*j Kentucky, Texas, Florida and South Carolina. To see clearly the bright side of Catholic missionary work among tbe Negroes one should read in connection with Father Slattery’s article the paper of the Rev. Thomas M. O’Keefe, on the Third Colored Cath olic Congress, in the Catholic World for April. Yet estimating the Colored Catholics at the highest reasonable fissure —200,OOO, and making'the most of our distinct work for them since tbe war, how small it is beside that of some of the Protestant denominations. We shall not touch on the work of / the making of the non tract. It will be understood, however, that if there be a sufficient memorandum in writing, signed by the pirties, the contract will be binding under the statute known as the statute of frauds The English & 4itute of frauds which has served the model for all subsequent statues statues, was passtd in the 29th year of Charles the Second 1677. The l7lh section reads as follows:    “And bee it furiher enacted by the authoritv aforesaid. That from and after the said fower and twentyeth day of June, noe Contract for the Sale of any Goods, Wares or Merchandises for the price of ten ounds Sterling or upward shall be allowed to be good except the Buyer shall accept part of the Goods soe sold, and actually receive the same, give something in earnest to bind the bargaine, or io part jiayment, or that Soma Note or Memorandum, in writing, of the said bargaine be made and signed by the partyes to be charged by such Contracts or their Agents thereunto lawfully authorized.” It most of the statues of the States of the Union the price stated is $50; in Albaxia, California and Idaho it is $000; in Arkansas, New Jersey, Maine and Missouri, $30; in Arizona, $l0O; in New Hampshire, $33; in Vermont. $40; in Utah, $390. The Florida, Iowa and Kaaias statues cover sales of personalty at sny price. As stated, if there be n3 memoran dum in writing^ the possession of the goods must ’ have parsed, and thé goods must have b.en accepted, or something given in earnest or in part payment to bind the bargain, and the part payment must be made at tbe time of making contract. If it is not so made, but is subse- Suently made, it does not make good le previous void agreement, but it serves to make a new agreemeut. It is also decided that the part payment or earnest mast be in money w ill attract the gaze of visitors on reaching the grounds is the gilded dome of this lofty building. This imposing edifice cjst about $450,000. It covers an area of 260 feet square and consists of four pavilions 84 feet square, one of each of the four angles of the square and connected by a great central dome 120 teet in diameter and 220 feet in height, leaving at the center of each facade a recess 82 feet wide, within which are the grand entrances to the building. The general design is in the style of the French renaissance. The first great story is in the Doric order, surrounded by a lofty balustrade and having the great tires of the angle of each pavilion crowned with sculpture. The second story is of the Ionic order. The interior features of this great building even exceed in beauty and splendor those of the exterior. Between every two of tbe grand entrances, and connecting the intervening pavilion with the great rotunda, is a hall 30 feet square, giving access to the offices and provided with board, circular stairways and swift-running elevators. The ground floor contains, in in one pavilion, the Fire and Police Depa toients, with cells for the de* tention of prisoners; in a second pa* villion are the ofiices of the Ambu* lance Service, the Physician and Pharmacy, the Foreign department and the Information Bureau; in the third pavilion the Post Office iind a bank, an j in the fourth the offices of Public Comfort and a restaurant. A PROTESTANT EXAMPLE FOR CATHOLIC CONSIDERATION. Are we American Catholics doing all we can do for the Indians ana Negroes ? We are not forgetting the splendid Jesuit missions among the Indians; nor the work of Father Stephan and Father Craft; .nor the works of the Josephite Fathers and the older and richer denominations» as the Congr»*gational, the Presbys terian, the Episcopalian. Curiously enough, however, this last-named, which is in proportion to its numbers the richest, and which has the highs est average of intellectual culture, is doing probably the least writes the Rt. Rev. T. W. Dudley, Protestant Bishop of Kentucky: “In replying to your question as to what the Protestant Episcopal Church is doing for the education of the N egro, I am tempted to answer— ‘Nothing,’ even as the lecturer began his discourse upon the snakes of Ireland with the statement, ‘There are no snakes in Ireland.’ So black is the grioss darkness of these people and so few and feeble are the torchlights which we as a Church, have kindled for its enlightenment.” But here is the Methodist Episcopal body, whose work “has no organic relation in any way to that of the Methodist Episcopal Church bouth, nor any of the distinctive African Methodist Churches.” It has about 250,000 colored communicants, representing a population of 1,000.000. For there it has built since the Civil War over 2,500 churches. "I’he Board of Extension of the Methodist Episcopal Church makes an annual appropriation of over $20,000 for the erection of church buildings. Through the six* teen annual conferences, the Missionary Society mades a farther annual appropriation of $60,000. There is one theological seminary, which will soon be handsomely endowed, ten oolleges, eleven academies. All the colleges have, besides the regular college courses, college preparatory, normal and English departments; au^l industrial departments also. There is a school Mechanic Arts at N^bville, Tenn,, with machinery valued at $20,0OO. The contributions received from Methodist Episcopal Missionary Society during the past four yea s amounts to $981 i59, an increase over the preceding four years of $357,159 ! Wliat do these figures me*n? For » ne ihing doubtless, that the Methodist Episcopal b »dy, though not so strong numerically as the Catholic, has a larger avenge of well tosdo members. But can it be also, as the splendidly organized and supported negro missions seem to show, that the rank and file of Methodist-Epi-cpal* ians appreciate tne possibilities of the negro‘missionary field, and back up the efforts of their lerders more earnestly? Shad the zeal of our non-Caiholic brethren put to shame that of those who rejoice in the fulness of the faith? It is worth our while to study the above figures, and reckon how long at our present rate of pro* gress it will be before we are able to toant one million American Catholic negioes.—Boston Pilot. VARIOUS KINDS OF TIME. Why the Watch of a Traveler Goin^ West Seems to Be Fast. Turning upon its axis in the period which we divide into twenty-four hours, the sun appears to cross the meridian of each place on the globe once in that interval. The moment at which it crosses the meridian of any place is termed “local apparant noon” at that place. This would be all very well if the earth and sun remained fixed in their relative positions; or if the earth, completing as it does an annual revolution about tbe sun, did so uniformly in a perfect circle and that circle were in the same plane with the motion of daily rotation. Then the successive intervals between the meridian passages of the sun at Green-! which would all be equal, and a perfect chronometer set at twelve hours, no minutes, no seconds, wh«5n the sun passes the meridian to-day, would indicate precisely the same instant for “apparent n«x)n” every day. But the earth’s path around the sun is not a perfect circle; it is an ellipse, and the motion in one portion of the ellipse is more rapid than in another, causing a slight variation in the inter-, vals between the solar passages. Again, the plane of the earth’s path around the sun, or the elliptic, is inclined twenty-two and a half degrees to the plane of the equator, in which the daily rotation takes place, and consequently twice a year the intervals of ’‘apparent noon” arc each about twenty seconds greater and twice a year about twenty seconds less than twenty-four hours. To explain just why this result would require more of an investigation into astronomical principles than is here contemplated, but it is so, nevertheless, and any text book will elucidate the reasons. A combination of the two effects causes the sun apparenty to slow fourteen minutes in November. But in the course of a year the average is preserved, and therefore a “mean solar day” of exactly twenty-four hours is adopted in the almanacs and is used for all purposes. This accounts for the differences between mean time and sun time. A regulator keeps the former; a sup dial the latter. A few years ago every large city in the United States had its own local time, and this was for each place the true mean solar time, obtained as above indicated. Consequently, a man traveling westward from Washington would find his watch fast as follows: At Chicago, forty-two minutes; at Omaha, one hour sixteen minutes; at Denver, one hour fifty-two minutes; at Salt Lake City, two hours twenty miniites, and finally at San Francisco, three hours two minutes. It will readily be recalled how much annoyance both to trainmen and travelers was occasioned by all these various corrections. AVithin the last decade a great reform was inaugurated. To-day a traveler going westward finds his watch fast from time to time, but only the homr hand is in error. The hour is changed for each fifteen degrees of longitude. Washington 'time is five hours slow of Greenwich; Chicago, six hours; Denver, seven hours, and San Francisco, eight hours. All the intermediate cities and towns are run on ons system or the other, according to their location in latitude, the standard being. eastern, central, mountain, and Pa<úfio ' time. All the timepieces on the coast i are set by Pacific standard time, which | Is eight hours slow of Greenwich mean time. Therefore a watch which is set ‘ at San Francisco solar time by means of a corrected sun dial is still nine minutes forty-two seconds slower than a Pacific standard time, because we are that much in longitude west of the 120th caeri<lian, which forms the eastern boundary of northern California, and on which only is the “Pacific time” coincident with “local mean time.”— San Francisco Examiner, o A Forsrlvinx Disposition. She (with coldly cutting severity— I learned from one of your old schoolmates to-day that you once wrote a; most absurdedly love-sick poem about a j young grirl, and it was published in the Hightone Magazine.    j He—Yes, my dear.    The girl is now ¡ Mrs. Beefie.    I “What? That big, fat, greasy thing with six children?” “The same.** “OhI Well, dearie, I don’t mind.**— N. Y. Weekly. AN ANTIQUE EMBLEM. The Congressional Mace and It* Peculiar Influence. When a Member Becomes Unrnly.It Is Only Necessary to Present tbe Dread Fmblem to Bring: Him to Perfect Order. Willing to Assist. New Son-in-Law—rAheml . You • ra-memb^, Mr. Oldc^pp, you sal|^ *|ha^ after we were married you would assist me in the matter of furnishing a house. Mr. Oldchapp—Certainly, my boy, eertalnly. Come around the eomer with me and I’ll introduce you to a friend of mine who is in the installment business.—^N. Y. Weekly. ■he Would Xnduro Him. Young Mr. Bnnn-^ay I call upon you. Misa Munn? mLm Munn—Ob, yea, Mr. Bunn. I ■nppoee we really ought to mortify euraelTee somewhat daring ImiL*—, Puck.    _    _    _____11 It is not often that the mace has to be used in the house, but ah*eady tbia session it has been necessary to call upon the sergeant-at-arms to hold up this dread emblem of authority in order to compel submission of obdurate mena-.bers, says a Washington letter to the Philadelphia Telegraph. No matter now excited a member may become, how violent his passion, or how greatly disordered, he would have to have more courage than congressmen usually have to resist this little silver eagle perched solemnly on an artistically-carved log of wood. The fear of bodily harm from some colleague whom he might provoke beyond reason, respect for the authority of the speaker and regard for publio opinion or public decency might be ez»-tirely lost to a member, and yet so strong is the feeling of respect for the emblem trat it would send a thrill of horror if any member should fail to observe and acknowledge the power of the mace. When a member became unruly in his eloquence a few days ago hie loudest harangue was cut in the middle of a sentence when he saw the spreading wings of this bird that was advancing toward him so pompously in the hands of the sergeant-at-arms. Thie dread emblem, during the sessions of the house, stands unobtrusively on a little pedestal beside the speaker’s desk, and its very existence is not thought of until it suddenly comes to rise and it le swooped down upon the offending member, bringing a blush to his cheek,silenoe to his tongue, ai^d subdues him to e quiet and sometim^%bject attitude in his seat. It is marve$3us in what respect the members hol(d this dread emblem, and with what á feeling of power the sergeant-at-arms bears it along. The fetich-worshipers show no more re* spect for their home-made gods. When the sergeant-at-arms is ordered to produce the mace to preserve order he holds it in both hands directly in front of him, and with solemn tread marchee up to the member who is to be put in subjection. It is seldom that he reaches the member tn time to say what he haa on his tongue, but when he does hs holds the maoe so that the beak of the silver eagle comes close under the nose of the member, and in solemn tones hn calls upon him to observe the emblem of authority and commands his obedl-en«3e to preserve order in dread of the penalty. Should a member disregard this solemn warning the sergeant-at-arms would return to the space in front of the speaker’s desk and call the attention of the speaker to the fact that tha mace had been insulted. Thereupon the member would be called to the bar of the house. If he at once yielded, ha might receive nothing nore than a severe censure, a reprimand, to be recorded in the journal of the house; but should he persist in showing disrespect for the mace he would be heavily fined, and might be expelled from the house. There is hardly an act for which puia-ishment would come more severely and more surely than studied disrespect for this emblem of authority. UNEXPLORED LABRADOR. A Vast Peninsula Greater Than Britain and Ireland. The Labrador peninsula or Northeast territory contains 289,000 square miles. This is more than equal to twice tha area of Great Britain and Ireland with ^ an added area equal t^that of Newfoundland. Several lines of explon^ tion and survey have been carried for a certain distance into the interior of this great peninsula, among which may ba mentioned those of Prof. Hind, A. P. Low and R. F. Holme. Tbe limits of the unexplored area have been drawn so as to exclude all these, says Gold-thwaite’s Geographical Magazine. Tha area regarded as still unexplored, has, however, it is ti*ue, been traversed in several directions at different times by officers of the Hudson Bay Company, particularly on routes leading from tha vicinity of Mingan on the gulf of SL Lawrence to the head of Hamilton inlet, and thence to Ungava bay. Theaa routes have also, according to Mr. Holme, been traveled by a missionazy, Pere Lacasse, but the only published information which I have been able to find is contained in a book written by J. McLean, and in a brief account of a Journey by Rev. E. J. Peck. Mr. M^ Lean made several journeys and estab-* lished trading posts between Ungava and Hamilton inlet, in the years 1888-1841, while Mr. Peck crossed from Little Whale river on Hudson bay to Ungava in 1884. Something may be gathered aa to the general nature of the country along certain lines, from the accounta given by these gentlemen, but there ia little of a really satisfactory character, i while neither has made any attempt tO' fix positions or delineate the featurea, of the region on the map. in all prob-i abilify this entire region consists of a rocky plateau or hilly tract of rounded, archasn rocks, highest on the northeast side and to the south, and sloping grad-) nallj down to low land toward Ungarai bay. It is known to be more or lesa wooded and in some places with timbert of fair growth, but if it should be poe-i sessed of any real value, this may prol^' ably lie in its metzdliferous deposita. , In this tract of country particularly! thera is reason to hope that ores like, thote of Tilt Cove in Newfoundland ovi those of Sudbuxy in Ontario may occuzwt ' - Women Homesteaders.    i Two young city-bred women, daughp • ters of a pronainent wholesale merchant * in 6an Francisco named Lowenstaln« t are living on and working a land    ¡ in the state of Washington, betweeaj Hadlodc and Port Ludlow. They tookj uptbeelahn two years ago and hasrei r lived OB it oontinnously since, built thei cabin in which they live, and havej , cleared and grubbed twenty aorea of| ; land. Their nearest neighbor is ioiia* nilea away.

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