American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - April 9, 1892, Cincinnati, OhioAmerican Catholic Tribune.
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CINCINNATI SATURDAY. APRIL 9 18V2NO 5NO HOPE
ro» THE NEGRO IN WHITE METHODIST «.HURCHES
Tr>® Pessimistic Vie^ of Rov. John Cazaway.
The ALLEGED RACE EQUALITY RELIGIOUS HYPOCRISY.
Ha Says Colored Methodist Churches Should Bo Established.
i’lt V. .1. \\ . (t.í¿ía.í\ n Ne..r “• 1. OÍ o-etiium wiiii tl»e
«íhort h.-iir, *iark I r<»wu lt ic< lip"* ami lar^t* ricu’-h «>t hi> ra<:e. I In* f.ic« is ralii»_*i an<Í ihv Iv'wer pa. I coveie.i wilii a '-*t thick gray i>eanJ, whiU' hi^ i cad »■ well shaped and h » ÍL»r«. iiea<i h'gii and tinelj develops- I.
He is an uciusally iDl^'ll'irent .and “«ei I-educated man, and at present is past«»r of Allen Temple A. M. E. Ahur b. at Sixth and l>ruadwa\, and ifie of the inoai |ionunenl colored Melnoci't divines in the church He read ih* articles printed in the /o'-' reg^ardim; the drawing of the :oior lin«* in ?l Haul’s 1 hurch, and w hen a leporier calle«l upon him ft>r h;** \ lew** up n the subject, he !*«id : “I hoid t*> the op li oil that ll»e day will come w hen the Melh* dist Ahurch w ill split aa> n !i*r ovt-r the black man. The movement w hich the j»^>ple are now making «ll alo .g the line lor recoirnition in the while MetJhodist L'burch wi I precipitate it. There i-» lal*c of kivini: the black people a B'shopric in the white church, but there are plenty of other places lower down the scale of u**«* tuloeas that tr ey c juld til I
*’I often go inlo_ the Methodi^t l>ook Concern on Fourth flrect to buy books, but among all the em-ploye« I never see a black fac*. Why can't they let a black u-an be janitor or employ one to mop up th. H r-* or clean the windows? Cer ainly aome of them could do that saii-»lac-tonly. A> it i-i. I see no future tor •he black mao in the white wing of ♦.he church. For him there can be bo hope of advancemcnL Tlie wh ites have the money. They own the church properties and aü the ad-Vanta ¿es will go to them.
“The pretende<l equality of the wbitee and the black- in one church is the greatest rvligi«>us hypocrisy -ind it IS si cerdy en ertained bv a very few white Methodists. My •Ad vK-e to the colored ¡>eople is for them tu withdraw from the white ''jbunh and form independent organs izatious of their ewn. They will o*f\u-r ba\o- i.ut a small ioHuenee in *.ne while cbnrch. as the tail cannot wa; till bisiy. '
\N hiie delivering the above re-iuarks the dejected and almost sad manner in whic h Hcv. < ra/aw*ay »pc»ke vbowed more plainly than words that * e believed w hai he wa.^ saying. He •j ntinue^l :
“The three ageou w hich will ele^ vate the bhack man to a level with Ih*- white are money, education and rt'j'gic^n. This all w ill come some cl.ay, but 1 don’t expect to see it during my 'ife. Hut my cliildren or grand--jf.il Iren may.
‘Ti.e colorel Methodist Church* should stand aloif and have a sepa rate e.xistenc*e of its ow n. We aN ^r-adv have <air own printing estab-h-tvrnenls and Sunday-^c hool aad ' burches. In Nashville we have a splendid printing concern that has arisen on almost the ^pot where ♦.here was on« e a .slave market. The •ocaiity that wa- om e our degradation is now «'ur elevation. The ^i^-riuan» in thia country have their x)wn separate churt ii organization, and the brightest future that 1 *-an •jonceive for the bla» k man iifor him ♦.o do the sam*-.*'
In speaking of the Flovds, who vrere one ot tlie causo which led up •o the present color-line trouble in ^t. Paul’s congregation, he said :
“I am not acquaintesi with the tamilv: and do not know whether
y are colored or not. But, cer-* tain It. the meet unhappy human ^eing ii the maa or woman almost ^hitc, with some of the bloed of Ham in his veins. He has all the ^oves and vaulting ambitio-v and the appearance of the white man, yet the few colored droj»s of blood swell into a gulf over which he can never *:roas to the promised land of social efjualiiy with the white*, which he io much deaires.”
Cardinal Gibbons Add^e^8se8 a Letter to the Pope.
M«s Holiness Replies, Expressing Much Gratification at its Sentiments, and Conferring the Apostolic Benediction.
Baltimore, Aj r.i 7.—Th • Catliolic ^li^r■>r of this week will contain the ' dlowirg ‘ ‘»rr- -j o idence between .ardinak Gi dmi.s and the Ho Father
“Me*>t Holy Father—When, to^ •jvard the ciuse of the last year, on the occa*”!on of the golden jubilee of the Most Rev. Arehbishop Kenriok, we met together in St. Louis to diss vnias various matters of Catholic Í nterest, and «specially such as had
.^..u lii.at interest lountry, the acts and favors <»: ihe Ib»|y See regaiding this part (» the Lord s rtock were among the principal things that oc<*urred to u.<, and it w a- cnn.^itMjuently th»* ui-ani-* m u- Sentiment among us that an c.ariy l» i er shoubl be sent to > our Ibdincs-, b. aring the cxpro si»>ns of »»ur gr.itilude; win si we at the same tme iinplort- the (iivcr nf all good gift- to v»>uch-afc l«»ug to preserve >o great .a P.>111111 to the A atholic w .»r. d.
“Pa-?*ing over »)lh» r matter", we ne» «l hiir»ily sa^ how inueh light Vour II liiies"* reci. nl eneyclic.al letter ha" ibrciwn on s»»> ial «juestions closely lonnecletl with the go»»d of religion, "!Ln e it" wisdom ha- been apparent even t" many who are not »d ilie faith. However, if we are not m^s tak« n. It wouhl seem that seveial tilings which it c.^ntain" were espe-tiii y written f.-r th® goo<i of this • <»iiiitry, and f«»r this reason have bet^-n pi oduclive of much fruit mong U". ‘ rii re wa.s yet aoolher matter wliit li we rec»*gnize with n»> less pleasure. A groundle.ss fear had taken pu"se-sion oi many minds lest what was beingt'ommonly circulated almut “National Bisbop"," though without any niundatioii whatever, shouhl be re»luced I*» practice. We <lul all ill »*ur piiwer to dispel this idle ap-¡trehension, espt*c ally when w’e saw the matier bitterly discussed in the public press, and looked on with disfavor by the (Tovemraent. Our w»>rdg remaibcd. how'ever, of no avail until the voice of Yo.ir Holiness was heard; that put an end to ail discussion and manifestad to our Government the wisdom and pru <len* »- with which Catholic affa r." are hatidied by Y ur lIolÍDe"S.
“Wc givi' thanks for these and many fvther f;»vors, and once again prav G**d long to preserve the health <if Vour Holiness, at whose feel we pro>lrate «jur^elv es humbly, l>egging tor U" and l»jr the Doi'ks inirusted to U" the ajMi"tle beue»liction
.1 AüK- Carpinal CimnoNs
77 /»»/.0»../ Gibbon,
i Pr»f-f !>/ the Holy
yuan ('fmrcb^ oj'the I'itb
'•f Santa Maria in Trajn<tai}<tr» y ArrfJ,\-if,op of Haltimfre:
• Beloved son, health and apostolic benediction: -Mlaough your let* ters always give us pleasure, yet we C4jnfess that we were part cularly ified by that which we received from you under date of 14th of Jan* uary, since it bore the special c«jm-mendatiivQ of having been written in the name of all of the venerable bishops of the Church in the Anited 8 Late .H.
“We rejoice, indeed, that you esteem the care wh ch we hav»* ívestow-ed ujK)n your dioceses; the senli-menu of gratitude v^ hich your letter expresse" have given us no small comfort. All tneae things avail, as your dev»»tion toward us increases, to incline our good will daily more and more towai <i you and vour Hocks and thus to »lraw clo^er those bonds of charity and faith which give such great strength an»i glory to the Church.
“It i" most agreeable to us to know that your piayers are offered to God for 1 s, for nt thing is better suited to ih * difficulty of the time ii w-hlch welive. With a iiive feeling of charity, therelore, we on our part implore an abundance of heavenly graces for you and asan eainestof them we impart |>ermaneDily in the Lord, to you beloved son, and to your brethren and to the episcopate of the United States, as well as to the clergy and faithful committed to your watchfulness, the Apostolic benediction.
“LEO P. P. XII.“CATHOIICITÍ IN CHICAGO.
Magistrate (to prisoner) —Have you any remarks to make ? Prisoner la barber;— Yes. Your Worship, Your hair need.s cutting.
Circassian boys and girls may still be bought in AonsUn.inople at fair prices.
The New Jersey legislature has made it unlawful to do.;k the tails of
The first woman to pass the Alabama State medical examination is a oolortd woman.
Vermont citizens will pay for their stale building on the World’s Fair grounds.
Mrs. Annie E. Serames, widow of the late Admiral Raphael Semmes, commander of the confederate cruiser A’abama, died at her home in Mobile, Ala, Monday, in her seventy fourth year.
The Republicans joined with the sil »er mcj of the House in fixing March -“-d for the consideration of the Bland free coinage bill. There is speculation as to the result of the final vote on the bill.
Toe Progressists won in the proper lion of three to one in the recent elections in London, for member* of the county council. Lord Roseberry and John Burns, the labor leader, are elected by large majorities. Four socialists were also elected.
The Catholici Paris, III., are making prepar^ítiou to erect a $25 OOO school buildiug
WONDERFUL GROWTH OF THE CHURCH IN THE WORLD’S FAIR CITY.
From One Hundred Catholics in
1883 to Five Hundred Thousand in 1892.
d'he following ac<*ouiit of the Church in the Worhl's Fair City will be rea»l with H}u*cial interest at the present time. It wa« recently coniribute»! 10 Uie hotning J*osf^ of Ah cag > by Miss Mary Jo"ef*hine Onahun, daughter of Mr. William J. OiiahaiijOl that c ly wdio has lieeu himself probably the most prominent and efficient Catholic layman in Chicaj^o duiiog the latter half of the perioil »*overed by his daughter’s interesting sketch;
Away bu,ck in the '20s when our grandmothers and grandfathers were •loing heir courting in the go d old-fashioned way, when this great city »,f Chicago was litte more than a sltraggling village there sloo<l a small wooden building in the middle of a prairie at the corner of what is now' I^kc and Stale Stn*et. This was the first Catholic Church in C'hicago—indeed, the first chun*h of any stirt. Here worshipped the one hundred Catholics the town could boast, and the Catholic Indians from the surrounding country. A queer gathering undoubtedly w'as that mixed congregation, the swarthy laces of the red men and these <|uaws with their pap-pooses strapped to their backs, side side with aristocratic, determined and dauntless early Settlers. That they wen* aristocratic there c m be no doubt: their mellifiuous names, most* ly Frene , l>ear witn Ss to it. I'hat they were determined an4 dauntless eveu that little wooden chureh gave evidence, for it was erect d only alter many difficulties and the overcoming of many obstacles.
We Chicagoans are prone to be a scornful of modest 5>L lx)ui<; we cm scarcely picture our overgrown metropolis as having ever occupied the jK)silion of suppliant to the City bv the Bridge. Chicago, the Wo Id s Fair City, the “Windy City.” And yet she was a suppliant, ssthe follw" ing document proves:—
TothkRt. Rev. Cathoi.ic Bishop OF THE Diocese OF MismuRi, St. Louis, En.:
We, the Catholics of Chicago, Cook county, HI, lay before you the necessity there exists to have a pastor in this new and ffourishiog city. There are here several families of French decent,bom and brought up in the Roman Catlnffic faith, and others quite willing to aid us in sup* porting a jiaslor, who ought to be sent heie before any of the stcts ob* taiu the upper hand, which very likely they will try to do. We have heard several persons say were there a priest here they would join our re, ligion in preference to any other. AVe count about one hundred Catholics in this town. We will not cease to pray until you have taken our iiu" portant request into consideiation.
This petition was signed by over thirty heads of families, with the number in their house bold appended to each, making in all a total of 12J. The names are mostly French and Irish. The original petition, written in French, bears it on its back the memoranda: “Received
April iGih, 1H3^>. Answered April 17th, 1833.” Tnat significant claus ought to be sent here before any
of the sects obtain the upper hand— is thoroughly Chicagoish. Chicago grit in embryo ! Absolute fright that anybody else should get ahead of th^m, and an iron determination that they shall not do so, w.nding up wi h the respectful though menacing notice that there will be no cessation of their prayers until they’ve got what they wanted. Intereiiing. indeed, to see this giant Chicago spirit asserting its If even in its swadding clothes!
The result of ihis petition was the arrival of Father St. Cyrin Chicago. He came part of the way on horse back and part of the way on foot, and celebrated his first Mass in Chicago on May 5th, 1833, in a little log cab" in beloning to one of the settlers, M Beaubien. Father St. Cyr at once set to work to build a church, and in a year’s time the little wooden struc t'lre was completed. The lumber for it was brought ia a scow across the lake from St. Joseph, Mich., and the total cost of the edifice was the mu* nificent sum of $400 paid in silver to Augustine D. Taylor, its architect and builder. Indian women cleaned and prepared the modest building for the celebration of Mass, and John Wright, a Presbyterian, afterward deacon of the First Prc*sbyterian Church, assisted in raising the frame of the building.
There w'as no bell to summon these early settlers to Mass; it w'ould have taken far more money than their slim pockets could afford to buy one large enough to be heard over that wide expanse of prairie; there w'ere no pews; not even the most weezy substitute for an organ or me-lodeon, and two rude tables served for pulpit and altar. But the faith, the grand old faith, was there, and
and it beat strong and vibrant in the hearis of those early Catholic Chii cigoans. Th A woode 1 church was soon follow'ed—as it alw'ays must be —by a school. The little* ones who had been baptized muKt be taught their letters as well as their prayers ; the boys nn»l girls who were already looking sidew’ays at each other dui" in¿ the \ csper service, must learn some at lea-t of the w orld's wisdom before they incurred its responsibili-tie-i. School followed scho*»!, and cliurch follow’ed church. Old St. Mary’s got its tower and its bell at last. Soon 1* was moved to Wabash avenue and Madison strced. In 1837 good Father St. Cyr went back t> St. Louis, leaving his flock under the charge first of Father O'Meara later, ot the Rnv'. Maurice St. Pali* as. In 1844 Father Palais was si c ceeded b/the Kt. Rev. William Q, arter, who was Chicago’s first Bishop. Under Bishop Quarter the grow'th of the new' diocese was res markable. He established the first instiiution lor higher learning in this city—the Uuiversity of St. Mary’s of t e Lake, opened in July 4lh, J845. To him also a e we indebted for bringing the first community of Nuns to Chicago, the Sisters ot Mercy, who opened a school in 1H47 with an attendance of two lundreil ch Idren. In 1849 the Catholic Orphan Aslyuin wai estab-isbed, and a great number of children were imoiediately put under its protection, the cholera of that year laving desolated many homes.
Under the successor of Bishops Van de Neide and O’Regan, and e.-" >ecially under the gifted but stricks en Bishop Duggan, the church soon began to attain great proportions. When the war broke out Bishop Duggan was one of the most ardent and energetic supporters of the Union. He encouraged Colonel Mulligan in the organization of the welbkiiowii Irish Brigade, and, as lar as was consistent w'iih his duties as Bishop, did all in his power for the benefit of the w'ar sufferers and to sustain the funds of the Sanitary commission. One of the ablest lieu" tenants was Father Dunne, the organizer of the Ninetieth Illinois Vol*
unteers, whose teats of bravery on the battlefield are matters of history. Bishop Duggan was honored and be» loved not » niy by Catholics, but by Protestants. He preached the funeral oration at the grave of Senator Douglass, and lectured many times Dy public invitation.
In 1857 the system of parochial schools was established and placed on a permanent footing. The inita» live in this work was taken by the Jesuits. No allusion jftan be made to Jesuits wttbojU^’’^ord about the indomitable Father Daraen, founder of the Church of the Holy Family, OQ West Tw'elfth Street, and a missionary whose name was for nearly half a century the watchword for all that made for righteousness. West Twelfth sereet in 1857 was, it must be remembered, nothing more than a bog, and yet it was here that, in spite of numberless protestations, the dauntless Father Damen set about building his church. “What! Build a church in that wilderness ?” said many in alarm and disgust. “Why, you will have nobody but wolves for a congregation.”
“We shall see,” wai Father Da-men’s answer. “1 am building a church for the poor and ths poor will follow me.”
And so the water lillies were rooted out of the bog, and in three year’s time there rose up before the aston» ished but no Lnger remonstrant people that stately pile, the Church of the II ly Family, which to*day boasts a congregation of thirty thousand souls.
In 1857 the ladies of the Sacred Heart came to the city headed by a lady reraarka,ble not only for her piety and her abounding courage, but also for her fine mind and a oapac ity for business not often found in those of her sex, the indefatigable Mother Gall way. Side by side with Mother Gallway though not of the same Order, was another religious. Mother Mary of the Nativity, for many years Superior of the House of the Good Shepherd, one of the most charming of women.
Of the genial Bishop Foley, Bishop Dugan’s successor, w'oids of praise would be superfluous. His tact and charm of manner, his ready wit, his kindliness, his warm heart* ed generosity; above all, his capacity for steeling safely through the most tioubled waters—all these things are fresh in the memories of Chicagoans. Ih's bricgs us down to cur own time to the creation of the Archdiocese and the election of that most prudent and wise of prelates. Most Rev. P. A. Feehan. Such was the beginning and growth of the Catholic Church in Chicago. The small acorn has indeed sprung up a mighty oak. Leae than sixty years ago there were not one hundred and thirty Cathol’cs in the whole city. Now, in 1892, it may be safely said that, assuming the entire population of Chicago to be 1,250,000, the Catholic population is at least half a million.
There are not enough churches and chapels to provide opportunity of religious worship to the vast body The inadequacy of the facilities in this regard would be evident were it ^ not for the fact, apparently little
known to non-Catholics, ot the mal-tiplicity of Mas"es in e^ch church ot\ Sundays. Even officials so carelul as the United States census commissions are led into the common error of estimating the number of ‘ sittings” in the churches, forgetful of or ignoring the fact that every Catholic church has often half a dozen, sometimes more, congregations. In the Jesuit churci 00 West Twelfth street, for in^lanee, though the seating capacity in the church proper does not r ach 2,o00, there are, owing to the number of Masses (often as high as ten,) from 12,000 10 15,000 people who assist at service there. No city in the United Stales is more cosmopolita J ihan Chicago, and this cosmopolitan is shown in its Catholic as well as in its noniCatholic popu" lation. The Catholic popu ation might be scheduled as follows:
German Catholics Polish Catholics Bohemian Catholics Italian Catholics French a^d Canadian Catho' lici
Other foreign na ionalities
Hospitals, orphan asylums, founding asylums, working girls homes reformatories on and charitablbe institutions of all kinds are on all sides. There are the works of the Catholic Church; these are her credentials. Wnerev'er the weak have fallen in their helplessness, wherever the sinner has cried out in his sin, wherever are the downtrodden, the poor’ the forsaken a.id the oppressed, there too, is the Catholic Churcia, reaching out her storng right arm to sustain, to comfort and protect. The world may scoff, but the Church does not; the world may abandon but not so the Church. No sinner so lost but that repentance sh»l! avail him; no one so Vienless but that he may lind in the Church a firend; no unfortunate so degraded but that she may find here >eace and hope and charity at last. “ITiis is the chality that Giotto ■igure in the luminous marble of Itly beautifui woman bearing in her arms, but on:y a bheaf of wheat a d maniietul of flowers wheat the symbol of help for the soul, of that farreaching charity that belieth all things, hopetb all things, endureth all things.” The Catolic Church is great in numbers great in zeal, great jreat in learning, great in powea, but greatest of all in her eharites.
Mary Josephine Onahan.
**THE DIVORCE OF CATHERiN OF ARAGON,’* BY
(The Chicagro Tribune.)
THERiNE J,A. 1
Oii3e more Mr. Froude has taken up his facile pen, and once more the result is a glowing and eloquent nar* rative, to which, however much we may differ from its author touching his est mates of historical personages, we cannot deny the merit of being entertaining. The author’s history of England is well known for its fascinating style, its graphic descrip* tions, its inaccurate statpmeiits, and its perverse and misleading deduc* tions. One might wonder why Mr. Froude, having written one consid" erable history of the limes of Henry VIII., and written it so mnch to his own sat sfaction, should not liave been contented to desist. In the fort^j^ears which have elapsed since Mr. Froude’s history was first pubs lished, however much new material has been brought to ligh'. The vast collection of mauuscripts in the English Record Office has been sorted catalogued and arranged; private col lections in ^eat English houses have been examined and reported on by the Historical Manuscript Commis' sion. The archives of Paris, Rome, Venice, Vienna, and other European c ipitals have been explored by able scholars especially appointed for the purpose, and thua the testimony of foreign Embassadors resident at Henry’s court is placed at our com maud, giving us valuable, if not impartial comments on the events which were daily passing under their eyes. Of this new material Mr. Fronde now avails himself to write a new volume on the old subject, not amendatory, but supplimejtary to the former work.
W e do not understand why he thinks the new volume necessary for in its conclusions it does not pre< stnt anything new, and Mr. Froude takes pains to assure us that after reading ana weighing all the new documentary evidence he conclndec that the real fac.s of Henry’s con duct were to be found '■Hn the statue bookZ and nowhere else; that the preambles of the acts of Parliamen did actually represent the sincere opinion about him of the educatec laymen of England.”
History interests itself less than formerly in the intrigues of roya courts, and more in the great move ments of thought; and so it happ es that the history of Henry’s marrl ages is not of special interest to the modern reader, except as it illus trates the general state of morality of the period preceding the Reforms ation. To a better understanding o those times we cannot see that the
new book lends an} n iw . i Is. It is in the mam, un apoiogy icr a d a detense of Henry VIII A male keir was wanted for the crown of England, and Henry ha i already dec\d d 10 marry Anne Boyleyn if he could oispose o* Catherine. I 1 this elate of affairs it ^as easy 11 remember tliat Catherine had been his brother’s widow and that suca a marriage was uulawfnl. An American cannot, of course agree with Mr. Froude ihat “the marriage of a widow with her husband’s brother was then, as it is now, lorbidden by the laws of all civilized cojntries.” It did not satisfy Henry’s scruples that at the time of the marriage the Pope’s sanction had bee a obtained, lis convenient conscience compelled him to state publicly and with humiliation, as he did at the famous scene at the Blackfriars, that be believed he had been in m rtal sin. To us it matters little whether or not, on the technical legal point, ieiiry was right; we think he was not; but whetner as a man or a king, le must be judged by his acts and his motives, and on looking over his whole life we cannot believe with Mr. Froude, that th se were either manly or h nest. We need not examine at length the historiau’s defense of Henry. He gives his hero the benefit of every doubt, although in doing s > he gratuitously pronounces Anne Boleyn guilty of incest. He attributes Henry’s defiance of the Pope to piety.—(New York : Chas. Scribner’s Sons.)
Bishop Foley, of Detriot, Mich., dedicated the new wing of St. Mary’s iospital in that city on March l5th.
The fifti th anniversary of the dedication of St. Patrick’s Church, oiladelphia, was celebrated on March l7th.
The young Emperor of China is studying French. His tutor is one of the priests of the Lazarist mission.
It is stated that Count Salis, third secretary of the British legation in Brussels*, has been received into the Church.
On March l9tb Archbishop Rior-dan, of San Francisco, Cal., dedicated the new chapel of the Sisters’ Sanitarium at San Jose, Cal.
Father Mollinger, of Troy Hill, a., has donated a block of twenty-two acres to the new Orphan Asylum and Industrial School, to be built by federation of the Catholic societies of the city. He owns practically the whole of Troy Hill and the twenty-two acres he has donated to the new college form some 2O0 of the 3uilding lo 8 in that suburb, and are valued at 75,000. In addition to this. Father Mollinger has given orders to draw on him for funds necessary to began work on the great building:.
—Morocco leather may be restored with the varnish of white of an egg.
—“Are you the head-barber?” asked Spatts, as he took his seat in the chair. “Yes, sir; replied the artist; “you don’t see a chiropodist’s sifirn hang-ing- up in the shop, do you?’’ — S. Gr. & Co.’s Monthly.
—Cookies.—Two cups of sugar, two eggs, two-thirds of a cup of sour milk, one cup of butter, one teaspoonful of soda, flavor with nutmeg; add flour enough to roll out, and bake in a quick oven. —Springfield (Masa ) Republican.
“Do I have to stick this stamp on myself?” asked a dude of the clerk at the post office. “O, no,’’ replied the clerk; “you couldn’t go in the mailbags, and besides, this is a letter stamp, and you are nob first-class male matter.”—N. Y. Sun.
—No people in the world are more dependent upon boats than are the natives of southeast Alaska. They live in a region where the coast line is broken into many channels, straits and and harbors by the numerous islands of the Sitkan Archipelago.
—Where They Were.—Mrs. Witherby —“Your old clothes man was around to-day.” Witherby (grimly)—“Tell him next time that if he wants to look at any old clothes of mine he will have to call at the office.—Clothier and Furnisher.
—Hourly trains from New York to Chicago are promised by an enterprising railroad for the world’s fair season. And with seventeen complete hotel kitchens, one thousand waiters, cooks and scullions, five acres of dining rooms, and pumberlesa restaurants in connection with the principal buildings, there would seem to be no lack of provision for all who may choose to join the great western pilgrimage in 1893.
—There is a lake in Missouri called Devil’s Lake, which is fifteen hündre¿ feet above the sea. It is on the top of a mountain, about seventy feet below the earth surrounding it, and has no visible inlet and no outlet, yet it rises periodically several feet, and there is no apparent reason for this rise. It ia Bupi>osed that the lake is fed by a subterranean river, or ia a part of an underground river.
—It was not until 1752 that the ad* justment of the calendar, on the plan devised by Pope Gregory in the sixteenth century, was adopted in England. Even after the change was made the common people wern very slo'^ to adjust their holidays aud auui Tersarles to agree with it, and many for a Ibng time kept Christmas on the day corresponding with that formerly observed, the 12th day after the Christmas of the new calendar.
On« of tho Most Profitable Cru|>!t Tb»% Can Bo Zbalaod on a t'arni.
Farmers are ever on the lookout for some crop which they can raise and for which there shall be a ready sale and good prices. Last year eloverseed was so high that the retail dealer procured it at high rates and sold it at cost, thus losing, or rather sacrificing, his profits and losing even the cost of transportation. This he did to hold his patrons and trusting to profits on other seeds to carry on his business. This is not an isolated instance, nor ia it confined to dealers in seeds. Something like it occurs in every business and in almost every year.
If what has here been said be true,
I argue that eloverseed will be a good crop and more often a profitable crop in any year. The more the value of clover as a forage plant anh also as a fertilizer or green manure by plowing it under is understood and practiced the more demand will there be for eloverseed.
The second crop in the season of the common or medium red clover is the one which furnishes the most seed. If the first crop is mown and carried from the land in the shape of hay Ihe second or seed crop will not do its best The question now comes up: “How shall
we manage to raise the crop?”
In the dairy counties of New York, to-wit: Delaware, Herkimer, Oneida,
Onondaga and others, the clover laud is pastured very closely, so much so that even the milch cows cannot do their best; hence by the middle of Juna the pasture or clover acres are almost bare of all vegetation. They are measurably clean of foul or weed seeds also. They are enriched by the droppings of the kine, and, by the way, these ara beaten fine right at this stage of tha season. Clover runs its roots down deep into the soil, and now even if tha season be somewhat dry the clover plant starts to grow. Its abundant foliage soon covers the entire surfaea and thus hinders avaporation. Saasan-able showers help to perfect the crop.
When all the heads ara browned and the seed is fully formed or perfected, which can be ascertained by examination, the crop is mown, and after curing a little is raked into wind-rows and left to dry ouL Generally it is taken up out of those rows when the thrashing machine, or rather the clover huller, comes to fit the crop for markeL A machine of this kind is quite expen* sive, aud there are few farmers who own one unless they also make the season in going from one field to another to labor for pay.
In some sections where eloverseed is grown on almost evéry farm, “sharpers” come around and contract for the seed. As a rule, it is better for a man who has the seed to sell to enter into correspondence with a reliable seed store, or rather business firm, and ascertain current prices. A good commercial paper quotes prices, but these are only approximately correct or to be depended upon. Samples may be sent, but^ese should fairly represent the whole crop and not be extra cleaned or freed from foul or impure seeds. Every farmer ought to estab-lisji.a character for fair dealing in all his business transactions; to do so may reduce prices at times, but in the lon|f run it pays big.
It has been noticed that the clover ehaff, as I call it, is left to rot in piles and considered of little or no value. There is considerable nutriment in this ehafP, even more than in wheat straw, and if kept dry and sheltered and givstk to stock cattle 1^ WObld all be eaten and thus save other or more valuablo feed. It is good economy to let nothing go to waste.—Charles W. Murt-feldt, in St. Louis Republic.
RAPID RAT TRAP.
One That Has a Record of Twenty-Fons-Rodents In a Single Night.
A rat trap I recently saw consisted of a barrel, the head of which was hung in the middle and tipped both ways. To hang the head, holes were bored in the staves diametrically opposite and a couple of wire spikes driven through the holes and into the head. The head was balanced in a horizontal position bv driving an old file into tha ce^ef on the Under side. Fig. 1 shows' the head, bottomNside up. To set the trap, the bait w£^ fastened to tha head, as in Fig. 2, with about a foot oi water in the barreL/ Then, when tha
rat got on the head for the bait, tha head tipped up and let him in, springing back ready for the next one. Thia trap has a record of twenty-four rata in a single night, with pumpkin seeds, fastened on with brads, for bait. Fresh meat will also do. — Charlea Lewis, in Farm and Home.
How to Treat Toang Pigs.
There are many little things which do not cost much that ought to be caro* fully attended to in the rearing of pig*' and making of pork. Whatever co^ tributes to the comfort aud health 0$ the animals should never be overlooked or neglected. They should have cleaia dry quarters, cool and comfortable ia summer and warm in winter. Withoui such shelter, they cannot get a sufficiency of pure, life-giving air to maintain health and stimulate growth.’ This food must be clean, sweet and* wholesome, and a supply of pure water to drink is indispensable. Some dry concentrated food in summer and suo-eulent food in winter are necessary, H the best results are to be produced. A' mixture of charcoal, sulphur, ashes and salt, always accessible to hogs, will be found pfficient in conserving and promoting health. One who never tried it will be surprised at the amount of such mixtrire which a hog. wiU eat. Then fine and coarse fooj should bs dnly mixed, not only to nourish flio body, but to keep the digestive organa in good condition and the bowels opeiu' —Colman’a Rural Worl»i. )