Page 4 of 1 Apr 1887 Issue of American Catholic Tribune in Cincinnati, Ohio

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American Catholic Tribune (Newspaper) - April 1, 1887, Cincinnati, Ohio "T TO CORRESPONDENTS. A ll «omrannicAUoiu for thin p«p«r aboald b* ooeoi pooii>4 hy ih« nomo o< tb« oathor:    oeeeeeonlT    foi puhtieaiion, '— -- — —---- -    -    ^ port I >tieai)a«, bat oo on «oidonc* of good Coifth oo ttm I of tho wTitor. Wriio oBlT M ono «do mt Iho po Bo porttcQlarly oorofnl fn giving bmboo oad dol^ hoTo tho iottoro nod tgaroo plom nod dtstinet. Proo-ornooMooro fUo difflealt to dooipbor, booooM of tho corelooo naoaaor ib which tbog oro wnuoa. APPLIED ASTRONOMY. edly the culmination of an effort on tho part of nature to propagate neAv trees, with the i-osult of producing rudimentary trunks. Button-wood, ash and other trees are found on the islands, aiul iutei*spcrse the environing clumps of woodland. The most dense semi-tropical gi*owth lies between Lake Okeechobee and the sawgrass. Here is a l>elt of trees comprising every species of the region, thickly interlaced with the. vines of gourd, and often forming a solid, almost impenetrable, wall. As one follows tho small streams feeding the lake, the roots of the vines and trees gradually conjoin beneath, and the br.snches interweave overheail, until a corridor isformetl. which at last terminates abruptly. The vines are weightfMl with gourds in profusion, which are small in size, and look as if they had been polished at a lapidaiy. As one passes south from the lake, the aquatic jungle is suceeeded by a swamp of custard-applcs; then follows a swamp of warm-|>ca ami scrub willow; then a swamp of inarsh-grass, Avhich connects with the great «lomain of sawgr;i>-. 'I'he wann-poa is a remarkable acquatic plant, somewhat I’csem-bliiig the water-lily. It grows thickly in large ponds, and its roots produce a terrible burning and stinging sensation when in eonlaet with the llcsh. The leaves of the warm pea arc <»ften v»*ry large, exceeding one foot in diameter. The scrub willow grows to a height of some live feet. The stem is slender, but the roots grow to enormou> size comparatively. 'I'he marsh-grass and sawgrass greatly resemble each other, each oi'CMipying its own territory. The sawgra-'S ¡s high, stiff ami cutting, often exceeding lifteen feet in height. Whites and Imlians alike, in peiietrat-rhe Everglades of Southern Florida ingglatles, hiul it necessary to take ad-comprise an area of 4,0 0 square miles, j vantage of a wind blowing nhoad of (>f this domain about two-thirds is gen- j them, and burn their wa\*. erally regarded as irreclaimable, unin-j The appearance of the innltilc nmi habitable, and almost impenetrable, j southern Evergbules is that <»f a large Th** Atlantic, washing the eastern t inland .sea, thickly dotted with islamls, liortier, i> shallow for miles from the j between which the water presents in- He took me out to »ee the star.-'. That astronomic bore; He satd there were two moons near Mars, While Jupiter had four. I thought of course he'd whisper soon What fourfold bliss "twould be To stroll beneath that fourfold moon On Jupiter with me. And when he spoke of Saturn's ring, I w%s oonvincod he’d aay That was the very kind of thing To offer me some day. But in a tai^ent off he went To double stare. Now that Was most suggestive, so content And quite absorbed I sat. But no, be talked a dreary mess. Of which the only fraction That caught my fancy, I confess. Was mutual attraction." I said I thought it very queer And stupid altogether. For stars to keep so very near. And yet not come together. At that he smiled, and turned his head; I thought he'd caught the notion; He merely bowed good-night and said. Their safety lay in motion. —£^tKer B. Tiffany^ in Cfntury. EVERGLADE LIFE. A Region Which Is Virtually Uninhabited by Man- Tbe Tropical Character of the Thousand Miles of Gloom — Bird Life — The Alligator “Flotilla” Which Curiously Follows Clvlllxatlon. mei'ous within the water as the in.secra without. They do not hesitate to attack a boot, and failing to roach the flesh through the leather, make thoir way up the limbs and bore through the trousers. Even AvithoD.t tin* annoyance, of the countless leeches, wading in the marsh is accompanied with great difti-culties. The moccasin and other snakes are numerous. The mud is treacherous, and its depth uncertain. Beset by leeches and the warm-poa below water, by snakes and alligators at the surface, by swarming insect life above, wading here is indeed lively, entertaining and full of incident.—William Hosca Ballou^ in Harper"'s Weekly, LEGENDS OF THE STARS. CHANGES OF COLOR. Varle* Its Hue shore. Ihere are no approaches inviting to the traveller, few indiieomcnt'i within to prolong hi> visit. A section bordering the extreme northern Kvei^.lades, comprising the Lake Okeechob.e region, is Ijecoming Mibjectetl to the uses of agriculture by an e\tensi\e drainage •«.ystem pn»jeete«l numerable rocky projections and a ma^- i>f floating vegetation. The isl-and> are tin natural home of the cab-bage-palm. wild-fig ainl ciistard-applo trees. The soil on them is A'ery thin, composed almost entirely of the debris of decay«‘<l plant life. 'I'he islands are often un>tal>le, having an insecure by ihi* Atlantic and Gulf i^oast Canal | fouinlation of roots; tuhers rest on bed-and Okc*et hr-l^ee Land Company. • The t rock, and can la* trusietl to nunain in lake, covering .an area of l.t.H'X) square mile-», was found to 1h* twenty-two feet íibíjve high tide, and by meaici <»f a canal fonneetiiig it w ith the Calo<».-'a-hatchee river on the west, its level has t>een materially lowered, and a system of interior UH\igatiou made Uf»w open. As the water gradually low ers, hundreds of thousands of acres of laud are exposed. The vaster domain of the Everglades lying to the south of Lake Okeechobee the >ame pla<*e over night. One has to b«* i'areful, however, that the thin soil cni't iloe> nol break through and bury tbe intruder man\ feet in -oft mml. Cabliage l.-'laml is the mo>l noted in the region. Here the Indians cami) when cro>-iiig the < ¡hules. Most of the Islands clniiug flood season are under water. None of them are large, or at mo>t contain ovm* three acre's. Thi' further south one travids tlu' greater the height and .■'ize <*f the tr<‘es may bo regarded as an aquatic jungle, ,    until    in and alxmt the head wiid, weiiil,    and tangbsl    in woiulerfnl '    waters    tif Shark's river they expand in- isemi-tr4»pic    vegetation,    intermingled i    to the    great    forest skirting    tho (¡ulf witii masses t»f ehaotic r<H-ks. !'»> say and Atlaiitie eoasts. that the Everglades are    entirely Im- i    pf,,    the Everglades    is varie.l penetrable L nol in aeeordanee Avith j    I’nfortunately the vast Í trilx's of ducks, curh-ws and other edi-bh* birds lu'ver migrate. These do not know    what    tin* >ound of    firearms I means. 'I'lu y eaii l>e killed with a stii*k aiul often taken in hand. It is unf*>rt- fact. It is true that the I’nitetl SlaL's Engineers have failed to explore the region, as directed at various tiiñes by the War Department; also that the en-terpnse of the New York H*>ral'/, stn-_ c-essfnily directetl in other Aentures, failed in the south of Florida. On<* meet-s. Imwever, an oceasional adA*en-turous spirit aa ho has penetrated the Everglades and brought back a wealth of inci«lents and sketches illustrative of his trip by sail and paddle. The most ])reteutious and valuable explomti«>u of the Everglaiies yet made w'as projected by Major Ed-waixi A. Burke, proprietor of the New Orleans Timcs-Det/iocrai. The expedition was condu«*ted by Major A. P. Williams, and consisted of a dozen men, canoes and .sail-boat.s. The party entered the Everglades at the most southern point of Lake Okeechobee, running a nearly straight line through White Water bay on the soutliAvest foa-it of Florida, where it arrÍA*etl after twenty days. Much »>f the path through tlie Glades had to lie literally cut and How the Ctimmeleon Varlee Its Hue te Accordance Avitli Its Environments. Tlu're is a tiny crustacean, the chameleon shrimp, Avhich can alter its hue to that of any material on Avhich it happens to rest. On a sandy bottom it appears gray or sand colore^l; Avhen lurking among sea-Aveed it becomes green, or red. or brown, according to the nature of its momentary baek-grouiul. l*robably tlui eflect is quite unconscious, 4>r at least involuntary, like blushing Avith oursoh*cs—and nobod a* ever blushe'» x)n purpose, though the}’ do say a distinguished poet once C4imi)laiiied that an eminent actor ditl not folloAv his stage direc-tious because he omitted to obey the rubrical remark: “Here Harold purples Avith anger.” The change is produced b}’ certain automatic muscles Avhich force up particular pigment cells aboA'c the others, green coming to the top on a green surface, red on a rudtly one. ami broAVii or gray Avhcro the 4-ircnmstanees demand them. M;iny kinds of fish similarly alter color to suit their back-ground by forcing backward or forAvard certain special pigment cells knoAvn as chromato-phores, Avhose various oobinations produce almost any required lone or sh:olc. Almost all reptiles and amphibians possess the jiower of changing their line in accordance Avith their environment in a very high degree; and among certain tree toads and frogs it is dillicult to say Avhat is the normal coloring, as tln*y A’ary indeiiiiitely from butf ami tlovt'-eolor to chocolate-broAvu, rose :nul evi'ii lilac. But f>f all the parti-eolored re]>tile3 the chameleon is by far the best known, and on tlui Avhohi the most remarkable for his ineon-itaiicy for coloration. Like a lacortiue Vicar of Bray, he varies incontinently from bnfl’ to blue, and from blue back to orange again, under stress of cir(‘innstances. Tlie mechanism of this curious change is extremely ^ complex. Tiny corpuscles of different i pigments are sometimes hidden in the ; ilepths of the <*hameleon’3 skin, and ! sometimes spread out on its surface in I an interbu'ing network of broAvn or purple. Ill addition to this prime coloring matter, howcA’cr, the animal also I pos-es-es a normal yelloAV ])igmcnt, ' and a liluish la.A'er in the skin Avhu'h act< lik<‘ the iridium glass so largely employed by Dr. Salviati, being seen as straw-col<»red Avith a trar.s-niitU'il light, liut assuming a faint lilac tint agaiu>t an ojiaqiie absorb<*nt sm-faee. While sleejiing the chameleon How l>well«<rs In All Portions of tlie Globo KegrarU Heai^enly Oonstcllattons, The Taímese Islanders have the heaA'cns portioned out into constellations, Avith deflnitc traditions to account for the canoes and ducks and children that they see there. Egede tells us that the Esquimaux thought that some of the stars had been men, and othei*s different sorts of animals or fish. In the South Pacific Islands dyingmen w’ill announce their intention of becoming a star, and even mention the particular part of the heavens Avhere they are to be looked for. The bush man regards the more conspicuous stars as mén, lioiw, tortoises, etc., while he sees in the milky w’ay some wood ashes throAvu up by a girl into the sky, that people might see their way home by night. To the Australians tAvo large stars in the forelegs of Centaurns Avere tw’o brothers who speared Tchingal to death, the eas tstars of Crux being the points of the spears that pierced his body. And the Indians of America, AVho told of the fisherman Avho once trespassed in heaven in quest of perpetual sunshine, and was shot by an arrroAv from one of the celestials, could point to the actual Fisher Stars, Avhere the arroAv could be seen in the fisherman’s tail. We who are accustomed to think of the milky Avay as a A’ast mnltitnde of unknown worlds and of the sun simply as the sun—a conception against the impiety of Avhich even Seneca protested—can hardly enter into the feelings of the Esquimaux, to Avhom ihe milky Avay represent<*d in all reality the A’asl concourse of the dead,..or of the Andamanese, to Avhom the sun was literally a woman and the mother of the stars. But a goodly number of legends in actual European folk lore prevent the 110005.1117 of relying solely on the evidence of savage ideas in proof of the reality of this method of regarding or explaining the heavenly bodies. Every thing in existence was apparently once regarded as human or thought of under human attributes, as illustrated iu the story of Balder in the Edda. To produce Balder from danger his mother, the Goddess Freja, exacted an oath that they Avould spare his life from water, lire, earth, plants, animals, birds, worms,*and even from pestilence, only excepting from the oath one small bush, the mistletoe, not because it was not as human as the rest, but because it was too young to understand the solemnity of an oatli. And Avhen Balder met his death from the mistletoe not only men lamented liim, but b«*asts and jdaiits, and even stones. — Gtntleman's Magazine. THE CUSTER MASSACRE. lM'eonn-> alruo>t w hite in the shade, but unate that tliev are satisfied Avith tlii> j >1'    íidls    iipm    him he sloAvly dark- seelmhHl eountry. They tly but little, i    by    an    automatic    ])iocess.    The ami their funetion*» of flight an* iimlei-.    ts    of    tlu*    eorpiiselcs going a pnigress of ilegeneratioii.    goveni(*d    by    opposite neives and Their rte-h is wormy, M.ft and uniil to j míneles Avhieh eitlier eau.-e them to <*at.    A-» illiistratÍAe <»f tlu* iloetriiu* of i bury theimelA'i'S under the true skin. natural >eleetiou, of «-ourse it i> lortunate for them that they an* nou-niigratory, otherwise they eouhl >K*eome fle^h for man and more oi- les-, destroyed. Fnmolested as they an* in the middle and southern (ibules—then* is is no bird life in the >,aAvgra-s M'etioii —the niiml>ers of binl> of all kiiuls is enormous ami <»f great annual inereasc*. Here are a dozen .<peeies of heroin, the Avater-tnrkey, buzzards, blackbirds ami others, which literally sAvarin down on the trees at nigliL and make the morn hideous AA'ith the din of cries and flap of AviniT’^. The\' Avar little Avith each other, as in most localities, but join in burned, owing to the exce^^slve groAvth ; general extermination of insect and moltnsean life. of Bchrub AA’illoAv, sawgrass, cintaisl-apple, etc. During the progress of the party, eight rivers were discovered and exploretl, and innumerable islands named. Exploration- Iw direction td Major Burke may be said to ha\'e been more or less continuous in this region during the past -everal years. If one had the advantage of an ele- The alligator, Avhich has been nearly exterminated in many localities, exists iu vast numbers in the Everffladcs and environs. or to f«»rm an o]>:upie ground behind tlu* liliu* layer, or to sjiread out in a ramifying mass on the outer surface, ami so proiliu-e as ile>ireil almost any necessary .«.luule of gi ay, green, black or yellow. It is an fact that many ehfA salids undergo precisel} similar ehang**s of color in adaptation to the b:iekgrouiul against Avhich they suspend themselves, being gray on^a gray stu-fuoe, gre<*n on .a green one, :nid even half red and half Idack Avhen hung up against pieces of parti-colored pai)cr. — (Jran! Allen, in Cornhill Magazine. CU RIOUS* CLOCKS. mals folioAv the canoe or other craft , I>euetrating the *gra«sy streams. At ^ sueh times ^hey resemble a flotilla, and . are si>oken of :ls a “flotilla of alliga-vated position at the camp of Tiger • tors.” Sometimes they will approach Tail, and the .same rare atmosphere j ¿v canoe and “'’ it Avith evident w’hich perA’adesthe valley of Great Salt ; eurio.sity. If in the path of the canoe, Lake, the spectacle visible for one ■ or lying along its course, they w ill An Account of .Some Interesting Specimens of the Clock-.AIrtker’H Art. When tlu* Emperor ('liarles V. of Spain retired to tho Monastery of St. i Yuste he took Avith him I'orriano, his In many places these ani- ; dock-inaker, in order to Avhile aAvav le me oi a semi-tropicai ciiar- tiuo -upiMirt and shade for The India-riibber-tree aboinid.s mock, arc inhabited Avith all hundred miles to the «outh vA’ould differ from any other to Ik* seen on the globe. A thousand square miles of tall saAvgraes aa'ouUI be seen spreading out nearly in the shape of an artist's palette. Toward the far end would tx* seen series of little inland lakes fed with miniature rivers, each lakelet system having the appearance of a cuttle-lifelu Interbleuding Avith the lakes thousands of i.sland.s aa ouM Ikj visible far l>eyond the sawgrass sea. The fluUer of bird-life in the air AA'oiild Ik* Fike the milky Avay at night, and the swarms of insects like a distant ..and-.-tiu-m on the Sahara. Such is thegivat fluuting marsh of Florida, ocean-washed on the east and -oiith, cypres—barritad ed on the Avest. The Everglades present a AA'orld of vegetable life of a >emi-tropical char-aeter. in «íulSicient growth to sugge.-t its >nb-jection to utility. Many of the trees are of large *ilz<s varying from twenty to fifty feet in height, and hav’ing diameters often exceeding tw'o feet, 'i’heir grow'th is suggestive of many purely tropical species, the limb« bendiug oA'er and taking root in the soil. When notched they emit a Avhite fluid in large quantities, which gradually thickens and becomes dark in color. The calv bage-palms are the most conspicuous objects throughout the region. They grow on all islands ami on the outskirts. Their appearance in a wirid-<Atorm is very much like a cluster of inverted umbrellas brat'cd i*guipst a gale. The cypress presents the sam*» peculUr appearance here as elsewhere. Its roote bend over, above grouud and water, with no appearance not unlike a hnman knee when doubled. These im numerable pr<Sections, appropriaU*ly tMiuad *‘eypre»»    UDdvuht- di^e under it and join the flotilla in the rear. They arc totally oblivious to fire-arms, and cA’idently take no notice of their members Avhich haA’c been sliot and are Avrithing in death agonies. No doubt adA’enturous spirits Avill some day find here a fertile field for alliga-tor-skiii'», Avhieh are now in fair demand. Camping out in the Everglades has itsditficnUies which can not be entirely overeóme. The air is alive Avith ino«iuitoes and other inject life, Avhich lead a perpetual existence independent of sea-ons. The mosquito here is always in season, quite fashionable the year around. The ground is full of Avorm-, AA-hich craAvl over the sleeper or day-dreamer indifferently ami by thi- million. The trees, Avhich oft'er and .«»hade for the ham-manuer of Avonn and insect life AA'ith and Avithont legs; bugs, ticks, and other animals, minute in size but terrible in lu-tion, which drop Avillfiilly or accidently upon the sleeper and promenade AA'ith great effect. If one Averc c*\’en to escape those pests, the baying of alligators and serenades of the oaa Is aa ouUI keep him awake. For pure and unadulterated enjoyment the Everglades are not a paradise. Fur-bearing mammals Inhabit the Everglades in great numbers. The wild-cat is occasionally seen stretching on an India-rubber or other tree, and the deer and l>ear pursue prey, or are l>nrsue<l, in ¿o the marsh. The sawgrass, Avhere the stillness is as oppressive as within the folds of an arctic night, and the heat as stifling as in an African jungle, oft'ers no inducement for fin, feather, scale or hoot. The moat notorious, pests of this region are tke leeches. Tgese Animals are as nu- the lime by constructing the moA’o-nients of clocks. So Avonderfiil Avere some of the ])ieces of Avork Avhich they made that the monks Avould not lav lieve any one e.xeept the dcA’il had a hand in them until the machinery wan shoAvn to them by the ex-Emperor. It w.'is ordered b}’ ('liarles that AA'hen ho should die all of these clocks should ■:*ea-c running—and it is said to be a fact that his orders were obej'cd. Another King of Spain came to (xeneva to see a clock which had been made by Droz, a merchant of that city. Upon the clock AA’cre seated a shepherd, a negro and a dog. As the hour Avas struck the shepherd jilayed upon his Ilute, and the dog played gently at his feet. But, AA’hen the King reached forth to touch an apple that hung from a tree, iiuder Avhich the shepherd rested, the dog flcAv at him and barked so furiously that a live flog ansAvered him, and the Avhole party left in haste. Ventin'*-ing to retnrn, one of the courtlesr asked the negro. In Spanish, AA'hat time it Avas. There Avas no repl3% but, Avheii the question AA’as repeated in French, an answer Avas giA’en. This frightened the courtier, Avho rejoined his companions, and all of them voted that the clock Avas the AVork of the evil one. Upon the belfry of the Kauthaus, iu Coblentz, there is the head of a giant— bearded and helmeted Avith brass. The giant’s head is knoAvu as “the man in the custom-house,” and AA’henever a countryman meets a citizen of Cob» lentji aAvay from that place, instead of saying ‘'Hoav are all our friends in Coblentz P” he asks “Hoav is^ the man in the cnstom-house?” At every stroke of the liell which sounds the hours upon the clock the mouth of the giant opens and shuts Avith gi’cat force, as if itAvere trying to saA’, in the Avords of Longfellow ; “Time Avas—Time is—Time is past.”—Bopular Science Monthly. —Bethany Church has ojieneil a ooffee and free reading-room in New» ai'k, N. J., and five hundred young men visited It during the first month. CUNNING CROWS. Two Kouiantic and Well iVuthentlcated Storiei» Connected With It. What trageilies ami mysteries, stranger than any thing reA’ealeilon the mimic stage, transjfire in our CA’cry-day life and elude even the keen of the reiiorters. Among those aaIio were gazetietl as having perished in the Custer massacre A\*as Lieutenant Harrington, a da.shing young officer, who had pi eA’iously Avedded Miss Bernard, of West Point. No trace of his body Avas «'A cr discov’cr<'d. Not a bone or button or scrap of unifonn Avhich had belonged i to him could be found on the fatal field. About two years ago and nearly a de-t aflt' after tlu' butchei'y the w’ife de-clareil that she had received a message ti'lling her that her husband Avas not deafl, ami she resolved to set out in search of him. She neA’er explained her reasons for believing him alive, but she (•(juld not bo dissuaded from her purpose. Finally she set out, some of her relatives going with her. While passing through the Indian Ten'itoi'}', she one day disappeared as suddenly and absolutely as if tlui grouhtl had opened and swalloAved her. From that day to this no trace of her has Ix'cn discovered. Whether she Avandoi'i'd aAvay in a fit of mental aberration inducod by her grief or deliberately separated from her party can not be determined. All that is knoAvii is that she vanished Avithont warning, and that her fate is an enigma. Another romance originating in the Custer massacre is identified with the gold Avatch AA’orn by Lieutenant Crittenden, Avho also perished by the A’cngeful bullets or knives of Sitting Bull’s people. The w’atch Avas a present Avhich his father, General Crittenden, had purchased in England some time before. It became the booty of a Sioux warrior, Avlio in due season, after crossing the line, sold it to a Canadian rancher or farnii'r. The purchaser, suspecting that there must be some history connected Avith it, Avrote to the maker in England, describing the Avatch and stating its nninber. The maker wrote back that the Avatch had been originally sold to General Crittenden of the United States army. Thereupon the Canadian communicated Avith the General, Avko prompth’ repurchased the watch, and it noAV hangs in his bed-room in this city, a sad memorial of the fate that befell his brave boy.—N. Y. Oraphio» Voracity of tbc Seal. The German Fishery Association lately asked the German Chamber of Commerce to put a premium on seals, it being maintained that these animals are most destructive to the fisheries. The petition w’as refused. The association, ill support of its views, stated that a full-groAvn seal requires ten pounds of fish a day for it« food, making 3,660 pounds in a year. At the same rate 1,000 seals would consume the enormous qnantitA’ of 3,660,000 pounds a 3’ear. As the seal is a faithful attendant upon herring «hoals, it causes enormous havoc among a species of fish w'hich is one of the greatest sources of re\’enue to the fishermen on the North Gorman coast, It is maintained that these flepredations have greatly decreased the quantitj’ of fish in recent years. Complaints of the serious destruction of fish by seals have also lately been made by SAvedish fiishermen in the Baltic.—N, T. Post. How They Sacceeded in Robbins » Dos «f m. Tootbsome Moni. The shreAvdness of crows is proverbial, as, indeed, is that of the entire family to which they belong, including, as it does, ravens and rooks, magpies and jays. The following amusing anecdotes prove that the birds of Japan are not a whit behind their Yankee cousins in this regard. Such wily adaptations of means to ends seems to imply something more than what is commonly meant by instinct. At all events, the dogs *ivere fairly outgeneralled. The crows are a feature of Yezo, and one which the colonists would willingly dispense Avith. There are millions of them, and in many places they break tho silence of the silent land with a babel of noisy discords. They are everywhere, and have attained a degree of most unpardonable impertinence, mingled with a cunning and sagacity' which almost put them on a level with man in some circumstances. Five of them were so impudent as to alight on tAvo of my horses, and so be ferried across the river. In the inn garden at Mori I saw a dog eating a piece of carrion in the presence of sev^eral of these coA’^etous birds. They CA'identl^' said a great deal to each other on the subject, and now and then one or tAvo of them tried to pull the meat away from him, which he resented. At last a big, strong croAv succeeded in tearing off a piece, with which he returned to the pine where the others were congregated, and after much earnest sp<*ech, theA»^ all surrounded the dog, and the leading bird dexterously dropped the small piece of meat within reach of his mouth, when he immediately snapped at it, letting go the big piece uiiAvisely for a second. On this, tAvo of the crows flcAV away with it to the pine, and Avith much fluttering and hilarity, the^’ all deA’oiired it, the deeeiA’ed dog looking vacant and bewildered for a moment, .after which he sat under the tree and barked at them inanel}’. A gentleman told me that he saAv a dog holding a piece of meat in like manner in the presence of three crows, Avhich also vainly tried to tear it from him; and after a consultation thej separated, two going as near as the^ dared to tho meat, Avhile the third gave the dog’s tail a bite sharp enough to make him turn around with a squeak, ou Avhich the other villains seized the meat, and the three feasted tri’dm* jihantlj’ upon it on tho top of a AvalL— Youth's Companion. THE COCAINE HABIT. EfTects of the Powerfal Drufs Upon ThoM Addicted to Its Use. A number of cases of confirmed cocaine habit have recently been reported. While some of them lack confirmation, it is c«*rtain that several physical and mental Avrecks haA’e been caused b3’ the excesMive use of this alkaloid. The South American Indians, long famous as cocoa eatei-s, seem as a rule not to succumb to its effects. ThoA’ use tho dried leaf, Avhieh they chew, previously intnHlueing a small amount of alkali, to set the cocaine free. In idA'ilized countries the alkaloid as a chloride is usually employed, and is administered by hypodermic injection. The prai'tice of using it habitually iu excess is hitherto reported as almost confined to physicians. Its ett'ccts upon its victims are very s;id. The brain becomes pcrmanentl}’ or for a period atl'ected, a species of lunac}* being produced. Just as in the case of opium eaters, the moral nature is pndermined. One doctor Avas reported, so recently aa to be within the memory of our readers, as having turned on the gas in a drug store Avhere the alkaloid Avas refused him, with the design of asph^’xiating the clerk, iu which attempt he nearly succeeded. Another doctor, Avithin a space of some sixteen months, has goi>e insane from the cocaine habit and has been remoA cd to an asylum, leaA’ioghis Avife also ill from the efl'ects of the samo drug, with AA’hich he had exjierimentod on her. If the cases continue to multiply, there ina>’ be room for questioning the utility to man of the discoA’ery of this anaesthetic. It is doubtful if all the services in local anaesthesia rendered b}- it can compensate for the ill it has already done.—Scientific American.  ^ ^ —Omaha Man—“So 3’ou were one of tlie thirty-eight naval cadets dismissed at Annapolis for failure to pass the ex-amin.ation?” Ex-Cadet—“Yes, but 1 can’t complain, it was m>’ oAvn fault. You see, they asked us Avhat a man-of-war looked like.” “Well, couldn’t you tell?” “No, I Avasted 1113’ mone\' on American naval literature instead of spending it for foreign picture papew. —Omaha World, —Keep an eye out for good cows and sell your poor ones. Good coavs alone make profit. A poor one is a bui-den at anv time. — Christian at Work. —There are plent3’ of recipes for making lobster salad, but we don’t know of any for preventing it from giving ygn the nightmare.^Texqs Siftings^ THE MARKETS. ,    Cincinnati,    March    31. L.IVE STOCK—Cattle—CommoniH Choice Butchers.................4 HOOS—Common.................. B Good Packers...................... 4 SH^EP—Goo/1 to choice........... 3 FLOUR—Family................. 3 GRAIN—^AVheat—No. 2 red...... No. 3 red ....................... Com—No. 2 mixed.............. Oats—No. 2 mixed...-........... HAY—Timothy No. 1.................10 TOBACCO—Medium Leaf.......... 6 Good Leaf........................ 8 PROVISIONS—Pork—Mess.....15 Lard—Prime Steam.......... 7 BUTrER—Choice dairy......... Choice to Fancy Creamery... APPLES—Prime, per barrel____3 POTATOES—Per bushel.......... NEW Y’ORK. FLOUR—State and Western.. GRAIN—Wheat No. 2 Chicago... No. 2 red.......................... Corn—No. 2 mixed............ Oats—mixed.................. PORK—Mess....................15 LARD—Western Steam,............ CHICAGO. FLOUR—Wisconsin winter.....tS GRAIN—Wheat—No. 2 red......... No 2 Chicago spring.......... Cora No. 3.......................... Oats No. 8.......................... PORK—Mess.................. 30 LARD—Steam........................ 2 50 BALTIMORE. FLOUR—Family.......................3 GRAIN—Wheat No. 2............ Cora—Mixed..................... Oats—Mixed........................... PORK—Mess...................15 CATTLE—First quality........... 4 HOGS.................................. 7 INDIANAPOLIS. GRAIN—Wheat No.2red..........• Cora—Mixed.................... Oats—Mixed....................... LOUISVILLE, FLOUR—A No. 1.....................U GRAIN—Wheat—No. 2 red......... Cora—Mixed...................... Oats—Mixed.................... PORK—Mesa............................. LaRD—«team  .........8 TOBACCO—Common Lugs.........1 Medloin Leaf.......................d Good Leal  ....  4 00 80 QO 8S 40 4 80 82 40 80 m 00 8 00 8 00 4 85 0 OQ P. HALL.1GAÍV, MOR. DYER & SCOURER, Old Clothing Renovated, Repaired mad made' to look like new, at short Notice and on Rea* sonable Terms. 450 E. EIJF’TH STREET. The Sacramentáis By REV. mi. BARRT. A History and explanation of the Sacraméntala of the Catholic Church 12 mo. paper 40c each, $3 per doB Sent by mail free. History of the Government ot the PAPAL STATES From Protestant and Catholic IIistor3" embodied in an able article from The Dublin Review. 18 mo. full cloth, price 59c. "WA-IjSH’S Map of Ireland! Engraved on Steel. Mounted on Rollers; suitable for the Parlor. Price SI 25. “History of the Battlefields of Ireland,” quarto, paper, 25 cts. IE SECRETIRV’S RECORD. This Book is arriinged with printed headings and ruled for keeping accounts of societies that pay their dues monthly. It plainly shows who has paid or left unpaid dues, initiation fees, fines, or any amounts whatever. Printed on fine foolscap Price 83. Address, Am. Cath. TfibUlie. DELMONICO DINING ROOMS— — No. 37 Broadway, LLOYD JOHNSON, Proprietor. 5 doors below Second Street^ CINCINNATI, o. Boarding and Nicely Furnished Rooms. Street Cars within One Square running to all parts of the city. GEO. H. JACKSON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Room 29, Temple Bar, Cincinnati, ----- Ohio. HIGHWARDEN HOUSE, Corner Jefferson and Erie Streets, TOLEDO, OHIO. DARNELL & JORDAN'S TONSORIAL PARLORS, Hair Cutting and Shaving artistically done. West Sixth Street, Cincinnati,.....Ohio. Choice Brands Cigars and Tobacco MT. VERNON ROUTE. (Cleveland, Akron & Columbus R’y*) NEW LINE TO THE EAST. Through Cars with Connections ia Union Depots. The Only Direct Line via AKRON AND CLEVELAND, TO BUFFALO, NEW YORK, And New England Points. (^8 90 ® mi 90^<a    91^ 48Vá(a 50 35 @    42 25 @15 73 @ 7 90 @ 4 00 @ 7T @    80H 87^@    37^ 875Í 25 @80 50 ^ 37Ji «0 @ 3 «5 90^@    91 45?i@    45X 34 @    35 50 @17 .50 50 @ 4 75 00 @ 8 00 §81 86H 28>4 Elegant Pullman Palace Drawing Room and Sleeping Carsl Fast Time! New Equipment! Steel Rails I Office No. I South High St., Columbus, O. •    E.    C.    Janes, (Pen. Pass, r Agents Akron, O. Bw H. Akin, Passengef Agent, Columbus, O. A.SK JPO» 1TOBUBBT» VIA THE BEE LINE c. c. c. * nr. TO ALI. POIKT8 -E A S T-= The^only Line with elegant through car service directly into NEW YORK CITY. Avoiding the annoyance of ‘long transfers and tedious ferriage. Elevated treins and street cars are taken directly at the depot for all parts of the city. The only Short Line to all parts of Ne'w England With Direct Through Sleeping Car con-uection.s to Boston. TAKE THE BLUE GRASS ROUTE Kentuck)f Central R. R., CNeh&nati to Lexington,. Xy.« Faria, Mayanlle. WhudMrtor, RiobaMffii, Lan eaater, fllininrd. Mi. SUrfioifc juul aL points in OnxMral and Eastejm KoiAicky The Only Line Running Free Parlor Cars between ^ ONCINNATI & LfiXING^X)N. Throngk Tlokota, via tho Bino xOraai Kooto, eon be purchaeed at all prtncipaJ Ticket Omaern ia the United Stelee Voi rates, dase of trains, etc., eaH 0» nny regohur Rajlreed Agent, or addren 'W^ L. MUNSOM, Travebng Fsssonger Ajnni, Oflloo lUftk and Walnut Streets, Cincinnati, CX & F. B. MOESli, C^nH Fsteenger Agent.. fL E. irUIITINQTOlifRwUe. rtmssiikainnM All First-Class Tickets to points ^East are Good VIA IIAGRA FALLS CITY TICKET OFFICE, 92 West 4th Street CIN-CiríNATI, o. J. E. REEVES,    A. J. SMITH, Gen’l South. Agt.    Gen’l Pass. Agt. Queen & Crescent ROUTE, (Cincinnati Southern & Associate Rds.) MOST DIRECT & RUICKEIT Line to the OREAT MINERAL AND AGRICULTTJRIAL REGIONS of the SOUTH now on A PROSPEROUS BOOM And Attracting THOUSANDS OF THE lOTDUS-TRIAL POPULATION From all parts of the country. Travel via the Queen & Crescent ROUTE TO Chattanooga, Birmingham, Gadsden,    Tuscaloosa, Meridien,    Atlanta, Ne'w Orleans, Vicksburg, Texas,    Shreveport Double Daily Service of Express Trains from Grand Contral Depot, Cincinnati. JNO. C. GAULT. R. CARROLL, H. COLLBRAN, Gen. Man’gr. Gen. Supt. Gen. Pass. Agt. Louisville S Ntshville Railroad. Little Miami Depot.    Stand.    Timoi 22 Minutes slower than City Tima, Leave Arrlvt L. N. M. M. N. O., d    8 15 am    6    35 pm L. N. M. M. N. O., d    8 00 pm    6    30 am Frankfort Accom.* 2 00 pm    12 00 m L. K. W. S. and A,...2 00 pm    12 00 m L. M. and L. R. d.......8 15 am    G    35 pm L. M. and L. R, d.......8 00 pm    6    30 am Lou., Mem. & L. R. d. 8 00 pm    6 35 pm Lou., Mem. & L. R., d 8 15 am    6 35 pm Lou., Knoxv., W. Springs, & Ashville,* ...2 00 pm    12 00 m Kentucki Central Railread. Depot Pike and AVashington Streets, City Time. Arrive 7 07 pm 11 57 am 6 22 pm 6 22 pm 6 22 pm 6 22 pm 11 52 am 8 22 am 6 22 pm Lexington Express... Lexington Accom...... Lex. Fast Line, d... Covington, Ky. Leave 8 52 am 2 29 pm _______ ,    8    47    pm Par., W. Fast Line, d 8 47 pm 'W’. L. R. & S. f St line 8 22 pm Maysville Express... 2 22 pra Maysville £xpres.s................ Falmouth Accom  6 12 pm Win, & Rich. Mail  2 23 Cincinnati Washington S Raltinuri R. R. Grand Central Statiou, Third and Central Avenue.    City    Time. Arrive 9 07 pm 6 37 pm 5 37 pm 9 12 pm 5 37 pm 10 52 am 8 07 an| Leave Blanch. Hillsboro... 6 42 am Gal. Middlep’t, Pom. d '7 42 am PL Pleas., Chas'on Ac.4Í am Chil., Mar.,Park’bg. d\'8 47 am Jackson & Portsm.thj8 47 am Hills.. Chil, Portsm'thlS 37 pm Chil., Mar., Park., d’7 52 pm Greenfld’, Chil., Ath-eae and Parkersb’g, d 11 07 pm 12 07 am Loveland trains leave 10 02 a m, 5 13 p m, 6 17 p m, 9 52 p m, dlA 07 p m, arrive 6 37 am, 7 44 am, 8 55 a m. 153 pm, dl2 17 a m. Loveland and Parkersburgh trains leaving Cincinnati II 07 p in and arriving at 12 17 p m do not carry baggage* Ohl* A MlMiMlppi SaUway. Union Oentral Depot. Third St. and Central ▲venua City Time. Bt. L. and IntermodlaU Sta- tlonc  .....................eda    am 8L L. A Loo. Cay I^.jd...- *.*7 am l»u., Ma<Ma«'*A iiemwh^ P“ AMpm «ASpm 6.55 pm 1X17 pm to» am IMJ am Ijnmm isn am CImdfaiBdtl * ColvMbw MMUuid B. B. Oraad Omtral StaUon, Third Street and CeiM teal Aveono. City Tima. Imuw Exprees ......  HOT    am T.lipm Wheeling A litUu lim. Kx TJ7 pm TAI aa^ BdttlMdre tk OhU BdilrM^. kertbvrg BoeU«) (Far.  Atrpm .47 pm At7am J. li. EVAiVS, Teacher of Music, Also Music furnished for Balls and Par* ties. Residence, 252 Broadway, Office: In Barber Shop, DARHEInL*S U9K WEST SIXTH STREET. WORKIIfi CUSSES ATTEHIOHIw^ row prepared to jMat at borne, the whole of their tIaiA or their spare nomeate. Boeiaeee new, predtahle. Pereeee of either eex em«T * from 50 eeate to IS 00 per erveaiag. aiid a je« tieaal earn by deVoting all realag, aad a jeeaee i theteMme te Setas- 'I %* x.#v-"tmhase*i

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