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Alton Telegraph (Newspaper) - September 7, 1849, Alton, Illinois to0 b THE IS pUDUShED EVKUY AT BY JOHN BAlLflACHE 00 square or 1 00 ao l A liberal ileductlon made RtiriTTAiioES by mill msjr be made st Ihe risk or the i darner or Third sod Clmniililii FMlidilnhU mil at his dllTcrcnt olllccs In New Daltlinoro sod nulliorlied to receive Advertisements Intended for insertion In Ihh nlpsri also lo net as outgeneral Agentlri any rnitler conneclo I with our corner of and Doltlmorei Is our authorized Agent Torthe Taleffraiihl and will receive and forward advertisements iatonted for Insertion us well as attend to snv other business concerning tills journal in the sbove parallel with anil remained In sealing many noaks lilcli pno sight from fiflcen o twenty IIli Trozeu The mountains of the s body r oulof Or auy other iTotilon of Iho wllh an umliilatory and then In of preeming Ilio anjieiraiiii of anilhas teen all sorts and soil Is every where and wnilreilsoT horse mackerel but never beUeepjand In future thty foresaw any animal like this which he ii i IK n ki lhil now tho famom Alp no be the veritable Ills statement slriotly true but U pears to i as to look very much like a d aUo the We ibalMTer no apology for having voted nearly the whole of I his page o adea criplion of the Orcgoo copied from the paper forwarded to ua by our old friend and and referred to in one of hla letters Inierted in our To the tnoitof the Oregon country is an unknown region as it hai now become a part of tho United and Is at no dlitant to rank as a prominent member of our al nothing n hich relates to it can be uninteresting to any We doubt notwithstanding its I CD the aillclo In question will prove en tlreiy acceptable to a large portion of our oston paper states that n compa ny 9 organizing in that city for IhepUrpoie of Introducing the unnof camels upon the great prairies of the It Vie ems quite probable that oould be advan tageously employed on the vash of New Mexico and the experiment appears at leaat to merit a unless it shallbe almosphere smiles bcnlgnantlyjdter all Ob jects may be unaided eye At Iho distance of two jfundreil and the ejro still more distant objdi abroad tnajUprtn aomo Idea of tho charming transparency of almospheie of from Iliat at this in the da twentyone out of Ihe twenty four hour of the dayk eyond ItNcarch ir a ipon which lo rldgeii1 1 Gamet nfij Gonrtecllcnl paper states thai ANNA upwards of eighty years of recently walked from her resilience In Milford to a friend In and returned home the same a distance of twentysix benldes knitting two or three Inches of a stocking during her We would call tall walking for an London Quarterly Tl TboJoly number from a tabular statement the last that the total number of persons Interred by the sex tons of that from tlio 18lU of Match lat to Ihe S5th of a mounts to oPwhioh 230 were cholera Tho Whig that the although as correct as circumstances would Is not having been buried from or taken into the country for interment by their of which no account has been has been the case in almost every other place viillcJ by the the mortality in Qulncy was at Its greatest height In Ihe numberof from the 1st io the of that having amounted to 190 of which 139 wore from We are gratified to bo able to state that the disease was believed to have left the city at the last of tho American edition of this well known and justly celebrated trnJo Hi appearance on Iqble a Ml aniwcrslo 109 of tlic of which U Is an exact tlaillc and Is comlucleJ With uUUnguUlieil In Itcvlciv Is Iho organ of DID or High Church In Great Britain several members ofwhlcli are among It regular II one of tho excellent prints of Leonard scott 70 New York clljj and is Issued by hoso gentlemen at the low rato of Three Dollars per lining IMS tlwn halflhe of lha Lontfoii tUboagh got up In a stylo equally Valley Farmer and Wettcm The sev enth number of this monthly tho publication of which 1ms been delayed much beyond tho usual by tho deceaseof the senior on tho 22U of Juno reached us o Few days It is now conducted by Ephraim who has called to hts assistance Joseph a gentleman of rnro attainments in science and litoraturoi will be Is luedna heretofore at tho rate One Dollar per an num for one or for Five Tlie utrearns of from the moun tain rill tn the mighty river abound ullh excellent fi Tho now derived from Ihe packing of salmon are very consider able and considering thb crently demaid for foil In Ihe Pacific Ihe countless numbers of nalmou and salmon which periodically crowd tntb and up and the which are the1 from this fall to be very The game of Oregon Is principally and In this valley are fount aotne boar am and an abundance of black anil u hlto tailed and geese and In the and Clametval leys are found an abundance of and deer of this country have been represented by some ai small and Such is not the The meat of thei deer f Oregon Is ai tender and as delicious ns Iho deer of any bihef portion of the United The meat of the blackballed deer of this much superior to the meat of the white ailed deer of New or tho tern and Fruits of Oregon The soil and climate of Oregon are pecti to tho prowlh of grastes gralna and The natural grasses are bimch blue and Ino species of White and red clover and lloiolhy Yacqulna bay U three fourltii of e dayk tf Frqm Us location tijftra tho and front being traverscdfrom North lo South by mountain rangetjthe olimnte of Oregon Is ncceMfttily Tltat ponton be tween the Rocky fthtltBIuo poa losses a remark a bJyinalUbrJouj ficiently warm anddajjghtrnlly agreeable It but frequently mantled in portion between the Blue and Cascade It ii onojoftho moat mildly evenaruWnvlgoraling climates or fall with the coast from six to ten miles In Is perfectly sheltered from tho ocean There ronMifcrnbte prairie In falls of the American a mile wide ntlla from n tnlloiotwn miich and tho former presents a lire Slone coal la found here I nd a half parallel much larger volume of Tho Sftull on Ilio excellent of and garden have Iqeen raided Ihoro without ir rigation and RltnoiKthe entire surface of Ihe country 1 bountifully overspread with the richest of That portion twccn the Cascade mountains and the Pa cific onjoys n climate eminently and healthy and as mttd at of Notth latitude Iheoppoiito side of tho continent Is at forty July and September more frequency in and and although for In and The prevailing winds of winter aro from SoutJi and and of summer from tho North nnd Notth South winds hero less inmost parts of the United and they are loss nnd much less copiously tended with Oregon Is at known to nnd ere rnUit beoomo prairie Immediate vicinity of Ihe Yacqulna AI1 the rivers Complying Into tliene bays abound with salmon and other arid the buys all afford In Within tJji Yacjuliia bay the water Is and Ihe waves rolMnlo the mouth from the ocean without any apparent Ctatsop Plains illtiato and by the whltesf bnt other portionsof and flourishltiff mrgi do Mario atfo presents a greater volume of of the Dulles and Cos cades the But neither of bfse are to and so admirably ado boloto the mouth of Iho la th ly porllon of the coast jetneHled bj y to eniial the water from above Ihe ai j and from the r opinion pfintelligent men been conversant with Iron a up posed that iron ore ftucejaiid of an adapted to the oonvmtloht application of runv navlgalcit by from Us their vait power to ai the falli month lo the settlementand lt Is i of At prficnt it Is urme moro experienced watermen than aj the nrltivlrableoanalnpajslnp through the Ibat it may benapfffafed by earn tho solid rock formed rutci IIUHI HUUI u intr j niut 11 iiiujuu uf tho same diilanco six or eight nionlluIn by the Architect of tho The distance from afford ninny unilnproyed the CoUiinbla js 1 V i which a To Bailor the f The Willamette drains I a clhtrtet of coiintry bounded on threosiiles l flolirtug ml IT Illlo Hllu I Ull ulUVCr U1IU vi luxutlantlyi WP have seen of alfor location unon timothy from Are o ilx feet and and a packet which tailed from Baltl moro a short lime for Iho African coasti with a number of emlgrantsUr Libe carried out ai passengers Huas WOBMJ the wifo of tho Governor of Oapa chiltl and servant the Superintendent of tbe Methodist Episcopal Mission In and child tho of Ington City and the HrtLAnv of This Is under tho ausplcea of the Maryland Colonization So stated thai the colony fonniled several years by at near which origin ally numbered 300 ed to GO by which is one of the principal articles of their having prevented any to their number by Ihe birth of The properly they occupy Is at present of great Ihe share of each member being estimated Io be woilh for the recovery of one of them Is said 16 have Inotituled a suit Clurmonl Ohio Courier of the lOlh contains the aflldavlt of a JOHN of th said who Is ripresenled as a rnanof and worthy of In which he ilatei as he was walking down the of the race oClUnutNi on tbe East fork of Ihe Lillle Miami on the lit of Au gutt his attention was nttracled by the appearance of an unusual object In the wa distant about 80 from ami which was swimming towards him wllh great He at fust supposed It was some wild fowl but when It came he found lhat it was an amphibious be tween 30 and 35 feel In of a dark brown or black undor the which was and some while circles round the So far as ho was able Io head in shape was not tin Illce that of a pralrlo and its body ap peared about ho thickness of a Hi notion In Ihe water differed from that of a ho unrlulalloni being horizontal nor there any appearance of hair or scales Its bead or Mr WAIT farther ilttei that as soon as Ihe creature came op to it dashed its head under Ihe ilui disappeared Hiai although a disbeliever In Ihe report about said to have been occasion in the above he Is now well convinced as he is of his enlstence some monslrous animal l lonuoh he li unable to say what It We the story as we duel It In Ihe paper re fwred wlthoulinlending to vouch for Hi While treating of we may ns ell for the information of Ihe en lhat JOUH a well known Biherman of tod also said to be a man of ve has made aflldavlt before a magls while walking over Nahant on the 84 of Auguit his alien lon was accidentally arrested by Ihe appear e In Ihe within Iwo or three hun of Ihe of a singular look Ing In ho form of a It was wIDt great Ina course From the Crystal A BIUGHTEn ntiitt I tlieP laid a While he fltlotl till hands with lowers Ami alrewcd tho Icavca oerhla joyous As ho roved mld the vincwrathed dUust I Ulei said a gay young bollo Whllo Ufa and its plcaiurei ara And the mirrur rctlectcd her faultless As she bowed at her own fair They I must sold o mlapr And at last In tho earlh 1 must dwclli But hla heart was locked In a mystic And naught could awaken the I too mult said a man or Amjltlons race ho had The goal at last I have But vain Is the jirize 1 have Alas I must Bald a gray old As he nlodded his weary wayj I have struggled hard with misfortunes And dark la last A bright wingod with glory iazcu down from her Bhlning And she strung tvillt light fingers her And sung to its plainlivo 1 too have died oor this lollsomo world I have traversed woyt Though guld may gllltor and famo may Thorcs naught on oatth but Tlieroa n brighter world where Joys unfeigned To the weary and friendless arp glveni Ihougbhero iiitifortuno may lillglit Theres a blighter home in other vegetables of the Nor thern and Middle are produced In a niuch less than ordinary Wflh such allnntion ns Is bestowed upon hi New Pennsyl vania and a fair crop of cornmoy be produced In this Good corn crop were grown by tho missionaries n Wo were while enroute to this thai il producer a very good quali ty of M bnt lhal the straw wat so shnrl that the was necessarily effec ted by Wheat grows taller than the most favored wheat A fellowtraveler lately polnlod out to us a Geld In Yam Hill from which we Hvereassured that three sticces slvo fair crops of whealhad been the two last of which wero self The yield per does not exceed that if Ihe Genessee ond the rich prairies and South he wheat crop is not subject o injury from in ho mother of oceans fu lofly nnd Ive mounlain ranges its soft pnre for transparency and dolioimts its clear and pure atmosphere and its salubrious climate all make Oregon a truly aud y clip the following boautirul gem from tho A buttcrlly liaikcd on Where a lily had chanced Io growl Wliy art thou hero wilt a gaudy Whilst she of tlio brlKlit onil eyo Must sleep lu tliu cliuichyartl low Then 11 lightly soarml through Iho sunny Ami iiiotto from its airy traclt WBB n worm till I won my Anil iho whom Ihou mourueit liUo Q soroph sinjiii WoulUst thuu call tho blest two back Iron ore is known to exist in the It is that thoro is an extensive bed ol jood ore en miles below his nnd one mile from the WiHumctlQ Olh er of iirotv 6rot tnoro or loss extenitvej aro said to have been It la iron ore In good exists In beds or rich leadorb have been discovered In dinWent porliopsoT Black lead of a miperior quality is known to exist In abundance in the middle portion of Oro the Columbia and hoBritish Copper of a very pure quality It iatd to oxUtin portionkof he between the British poaeaa ons nnd the Easlcrn and Nortli eastern Oregon and mar Sandstone Ii found por tions of the some of whtclvaro sulHcioritly hard while others nro Li met tone is also found In different of the Stone coal been discovered In sevcial places at tha foot of Cascade In Ihe neighborhood of the on the Cnwlitz on the Oolinnbia In Outal amet bay and in thoY vicinity of the about ninelymiles the inoulli of Ibo The coal from Iheio have been but A cood irtlclo of coal exists on Van In justly famed for tho calubnly of ell and the rare productiveness of vcget ablos Iho coast valley must equally and more productlvo in 1revloin to Hie breaktngouf of Iho gold were being made for the careful survey of lie Yacqtilna and tho establishment of upon at moulli but that like most other home was crushed amid wild rage for gold 4 Umpqua The ilver la about 350 miles r hi takes It rise In the Cascade inoutt the lido wets up tho river about 75 and within 16 of Fort short dUtanco above Port Umpqui a broj dirougli which iio I oil probably by convulsions of the has forced its stretches entirely across tho dividing it nhd The lower valley coniatnn aomo good tillable and tho upper valley Is more ttmn half an argo as tlio Willamette Hognesrf ver Is also n largo combined with ho upper their vollejs are Urger ban lint of the and equally or In point of ness of and beauty of localltj and see Like many other of the ilch valleyi of the ujiper Umpquovaltey shoxvi marked evidence of having ojict beph n vast As but one claim has been taken In the and noiip has been taken in Ihe Ropiie Game Is vnry wild fruits and tha soil rich and deep In hose and ttiey are from one totwo degrees of Intitudo Oregon unrlvalpt in the and importance of her cascades bnt for Vcadyand convenient fit to the hand of ho the falls of the WMUtnotle H i them Kattern and Middle Wo regard tho middle portion of Oregon as one of tho most valuable porltonsof tho probably the most valuable for the removed from the gold mines of Gal The land route from the in Oregon to and Southern route ft bin the United States to paas thror those To settle theso valleys se ni r pose s of It Is a great pasture extending more than 100 mites Noilh and and over 100 Unsl and oontRining more than 4 acres of almost et cry where covered wllh a thick carpet of Tbe cll mate of the lower portion of Oregon but tho climate of its middle portion H bet K he grnzltip funds of NW Now and are after Ihe expenditure of great la expense to makb them hen Ityat potlian of supplied iluls with a climalo more healthy and ml Id lhan ahy ol hoie and thickly spread by nature iho richest is still more valu If UOP g to can be mjulo profit able where sheep be fed through Iho It ran be made sltll more where they keep healthy and fat throughout tho upon he natural granes of Ihe cotmlry as they hive done and Hill do tn Iho middle pottion of garden and grow well In that portion of llie coun arid lead have been verrd there and water power for nrfojz purposes Is The middle and Eastern portions of Oregon have been iroasly tnUrepreientcd in the We re not a ware thai have been growti n the Extern portion of except at Fort Cohllle and vicinity yet from the nnd other products which a plains are small but Ten miles Noilh from Iho lementj he rfiad leading io Pugeli reaches iho walers of he miles still reaches the main Thin tho soil Is similar to the soil and the country conveniently in torspemed with beautiful Dowritho upon said for fifteen Ihe character soil admirably adapted o ngrfoulliiral Injury or The statement nf of ruling GUI of heat from ten is corroborated by1 respectable men and is entitled o Winterwheat may be sown from Jnly to and ripens accord ing to the time of Red wlicat takes Ihe character of and ri pens the same if sown in By abwing wheat much oats is obtained as There are ina iy fiolda from which and per iapi siiccessiive good crops of outs iiaye been fatten from ono sown with or without bring a product about equnljo Apple and trees perfect abundant fruit There ate a beating pear trees in tho Apple dees of thnutwo ches are loaded with We liave eaten peaches from Abernetliys the trees from which they wore laken the product of the mlislon gar which were very large nnd and considered to bo an improvement of tlio misulon stock of We have heard of D no bearing updigging on Sanijam are making about or nectsrine frees It Iho I four doJIars and ttimktlm proxpeot white and good for finding the gold conilderably a and yellow are indl1 bundant from lie dinappuaranco of genous to some of but are Iho they shall be able lo penetrate rarely found hi A choice Into tho We have con plum grows in the Umpqna upon who have returned ftoni rather so small that their tho California and all agree in as growing ami ripened fruit bends thetii lo tho ribing a striking niinllarlty In the penlogl convert and vein cropi out on Iho coastSouth of Ihe 49lh Good stone onol is believed lo exist in a bundance in Platinum i said to exist in vast in Ilio Flathcad coniitryj in tlio neighborhood of Fort Olian Gold lias been iliicovered fn several dif ferent places in but nowhere an yet In great Within the last three weeks gold has discovered on Ihe SauHam a tributary of tho Willamet taking Its rise in the neighborhood of Some persons engagedin gold rnroly and a settlement bo mode In the Umpqim valley ol twenty in tho Rogue valley of fifty or sixty in ouch oasc provided wllh machinery for Ihe erection o a flout ingand Such aettlamenCs would rapidly increase to large and flntnisli ing No portion of Oregon presents a belter opportunity for Iho selec lion of desirable homes than those Their climate Is mild and snlubiioiuj thot grasses abundant and their no easily and capable of produciii all the and many of tho luxu rics of and they are belle adapted to the successful cultivation of fiul other portion of North or Iho nelgborhnod of these the Caicado mountains recede from Iho allpwing the valleys to penetrate much farther into he and teoplve more of the wain of he A Inrgo delicious and excellent grow spuntaneous In these Agriculture anil stock fjion itg iviJI hnbty bu negloolcd in there pcrions were desirouV to enterInto growing for market hich gold mines of lhat country these valleys being at he lhat are very desirable inclined 6 engage in these sea liona of he oimnlry are in immoiliato neighborhood of gold thatwillboffeely for the necessaries of If men deilre lo rnlflf Into pass from the bosom of their families in theso valleys Into lomid in lls we that nnd may bo cultivated hero u Ith Eastern Oregon is also valuable for Its and wo venture the believing lhat time will show Its that It contaiiK anil gra zing lantlMhatt nilNew na lures freaksTaud frowns appear he ileatantrles and smiles appear there ajso ethapR the and subllmi ty of the woiks of nature are no uhcr nmra and her no where moro lhan In the Eas tern portion uf Tho mineral springs of Dear wilh Its pure aiid Invigorat ing U deitlned tn beoomo the great wateting place of tho world At Ihe Ihts plaint expand ntid the Is composed of and gravel intermixed with The Chchalis about intlei Grays Harbor Is at Its bflnJn are smooth and and It fs one of hombjl safe ami streams In Oregon for InWsi Ing from Ciiohnlls to Pngets fifltfeiu the soil for the first ten m4lo la annr posed of sand and tho miles of sand and black umali American settlcmcnrat the which also has and flour Ing Thosettlement Maikclj and Thave seen as good Rrowing there as ever I saw on ent of the pralrte land fn the pfcfnlty of the Sound nowhere in hose qnalltles which ote peculiar ly adapted lo Iho great and of I Tho gfoufng of hcnt look Ten mi leu from Now is another rmall AmerU y inn an Nisqnally orttipfiin 1817 Iho soil hero U he soil in the Cowlitz threo1 miles tt Is Futt The d lance from New Market tn Fott NUqually by waler It about thirty bout NNqnally Is a but teen It produce 20 bush lo Ihe and of as any In the The timberedJanrt in the vicinity of the is olronply prpgnaled with and vcryr Preunl and PtotpetHvt fhfurm for With Iho cxtohkioniif thii lawa of over a liberal grant of to ita and such wuiks of Improve menl would give ease and security to no thine to cloud he biiclit prospect of It Is very gen erally believed by tho citizens of lhat gold in great He this as it every product of lie farms and dairies of Orrgou will command a high price in the California and that market promises Iho con tlnuance of 3 It may bo confidently that no poi lion of Ihe earlh is y privileged with Oregon for nent tu tho dairyman and Fur every barrel of beef and salmon every builiel of and barley p From tho Oregon Biiefdetcripthn is lour hundred and twenty graphical miles in extent from Not about six hundred miles from and peculiarly a country of Several gentlemen of Iho Immi rallon of brought through good seleo ilons of growing fruit One gentleman brought through somo eighty comprising nd gra nty goo North c and pl timber of Oregon consists of cotton and probably there 3 no country In he world where limlier jrovva so strikingly straight ntid ind to suoh gigantio altiludu and diqien as In Two hundred fejet is but a moderate height for the growth of and and hay frequently tain a much greater We have seen elder growing in Oregon three feet In and hazel thirty inches in and of Ihe height of forty Black alder and a specius ot laurel grow to what would be In moit large of alder have been obtained thirtytwo Inches In am of the laurel four feet In In groves of limber are found skirting and separating prairies but tha i in me me timber ctlsirlclsare mainly confined to Ihe neighborhood of the coast of the to the and Blue ranges of ami Iho immediate vicinity ol tho There are about fhfrly saw mills In Oregon yet lumber is worth dollan per thousand unil one hundred and twenty dollars per thousand at San There are many unoccupied mill sitBt in tho whero a mill could battucketl or a yeir without clearing off more ground than would be re quired for the convenient use of thq Mount The Coast range of Mountains fs hard ly enlillod to the name of Ihe Blue aro of grealer altitude but the Cascade and Rocky Mountain rai aro awfully graud and majectlo and grape an other gentleman brought several thousand of an equal or belter and tost but very foiv on the Oregon may be set down as well suited the growth and feel Ion of Wild berries are very a bundant some of which are peculiarly berries ato dew black and yellow gooseberrleat and The craiiberrion are but found in abundance only in Ihe vloinlly of the ocean the and gooseberries are not particularly desir able tho and raipbeiries are and quite abundant and the and whortleberries are extremely abundant and The prairies may be truly to bo literally ted will stiawberrles and Ihe timbered blue with wbor in their Tho seaion ol fipe strawberries Is from Ihreo to six and that of whortleberries from six to len The whortleberry except In Iho like the Unipqua plum Is borne prostrate upon the earths iraisy from the weight of its de The wild strawberry of 5011 is larger and hotter lhan any we have ever except the largest of tho large garden cultivated EuglUh The whortleberry has more acidity ban hose of uiuhadetl growing east of Die mouij English gooseberries ourranls are cultivated hero with sitmoipheret and Healttifillness oj In passing from the Missouri river to Or eg the traveler cannot fall to observe Ihe potliive and hicreating clearness and puri ty of Ihe Objects seen tit a illilance are found lo bo of a remove near ly double their apparent dUtanee the split of the traveler unusually buoyan and excitable and ho fin da himself and an ial character of several poitions of Eastern and Southern Oregon and the gold regions of and they all unite in cmifl lent gold will be found In reat abundance in VaUcij between the Const Range and the Until tho eoait range of in nun lains has been supposed to form tho Imme diate shore of the PaclHo such is tha iiearancofrom Ihe but Ihe fact other The of haw been about one buridred niilns South of lie mouth of Iho and for this dis tance HIP bold rocky reef forming the shore of Ihe Pacific Is found to from coait range of mountains and separated from it by a very considerablo This valley is about from two to twelve miles In mostly covered with yet containing many somo of which are several miles In The of the valley U black and Ihe California anil bttck at If cold U discovered in workable mjqntilipfiln will bo In her or middle and in either resl Umpqna andUngue valleys will liavo he advantage of those of the WillAinoltp The Clamet still Smith but iitlle known even The Clamet river li and it In reasonable to lhat its valley considerable good v Falls of the Tho natural baiallio farming principal cascade or fall of tho WUImnelle may be truly regarded as one of na tures most magnificent Oregon city is located immediately below Ihe on he East Hide of Iho Linn and are situated on the Weil sfde of tho Ihe first and tho laller tho Tho But lino of the canning the is nearly on a lino with Ilia West line of Oregon and commencing at the oily oxtendfl about a inaikct Ii Some of Ihe pi lley U dee are covered with cn and other gratsei but they arc mare usually covered with which grown to HID beicbl of and some say ten Ftrti lands have been usually avoided In this country a tall heavy growth fern a rich deep Wo have frequently noticed I hut wnero we have seen forn growing the Ihe soil appeared blackest and Tho best garden ue have seen In the was mnde In a fern without Tho coast range fiirnUlies the head springi of leveral uniall toino of which croii he uliilc reverse if a fanttlt of a tn ig at tin iica rly pnraltel with Iho North and HI Tim rivers usually empty Into some of which ore quite Tilamuke slinated about forty miles below Clalsop is several miles in receiving five tomewhich are good mill Two miles back of this a prairie varying from one and a half to three In and eight miles Ik1 low the Titamuku two others hnva been which are wurthy of being noticed the fifit uf which n riativen by Hie forming tho Bait bank of the river below tho and thence continuing Ir regularly West and North lo ho West side of the Immediately above the the river li full half a mile In and something less than a fourth of a mllo wide at tho lower extreme of tho In water the falls pteicnt A vast white slice of of over imlf a mile In width at low Ihe dam presents numerous lock separated by natural tock bound ra from which Ihe waters plungo into Ihe bed of the river The Improved portion of Oregonclly Is front twentyfive to forty feet above the low water mark of the river below the and about five we should above the level of the water of the river above Ihe A small portion of the water of Iho river passes down Ita Kait waihfng tlte Soutli of the A portion of this Ihe machinery of three sawinilU a fid two flouring atid the balance pas into tho river bulow the Ihrough a naturftlrcck The perpendicular fall of water In the vicinity of the mills full twentysix The average depth oflho water of the river for a milo and a half bo low the falls h estimated at forty feet or For miloj above Iho falls iho river is as wide as it is oppoiltu the although not ai On Ihe Gail sjile of ho by acorn umi u MI icy JUUIMICIMIJ n turo maiKi and wfllbe found In at such cos nboto tlio vaJtia of those arli cleft In he Eastern ns will cover the extra cost and risk of1 Ihe shipment nf thosp nrlloles from Ihosq dni the deloilora liou oTthose nrticlen consequent on a lung sea Oregon must be main ly relied upon fornupplying the California market with po I aloe 8 and other vegetables and oatllo may be driven directly lnlo the nines in nearly as good condition anwhen taken from heir lich pnolures at hotnoi To these add those of a mild and healthful itch perennial grass he eaio wllli which our aoJUa and ita great and tho fact lhat our crops aro never demroyed or injur ed bynllsease or nnd the aggregate of advantages in favor of Oregon over any other portion United Ktales will be fuund to bo Willamette A partlculur desciiption ot this Valley 4 deemed unnecessary general fea rare heallhfulness and Importance are nearly co extensive wlih Ihu knowledge of ho white population of iho territory are settled Near ho mountain the soil and Camus Tlicv soil ofWbilbyd ljingolT tha month of the Sunhomas river is very BUI this Manthviltafford a fine There are several smaller In Sound pomeiiitig soil of Walcr fur meclmnlcal purpose In he vicinity of the Hi can be found in the Piigetn Soiiml Is a brnnlifnl sheet of moro lhan one hundred miles In whfchv with Its numberless bays and barborslXIt admit oflheseKtemontofono Ihoitaand fa on n section having navigation to their own lilnQl h 60 dittos averngci 10 nbout lioir iirelrlo and lialf and it Roll wonaerfollj 4 w t Never forsake a When enemies gather on lie wben Iheworld Is lie tlmoto try true Tho hcatt lhat is loiichert wlUv true efforts when the Fadfand in Adversity trios real ftlendflilpt I hey who turn from thescoije betray heir prove hat Inforast ojtly dend who who has ypuj iitcrcslsaud sure lo bim in Let him feel that hts for mer kindness is that Wi not Ihrown may be but It exlut Renl fldeUty tn the In valley each malo over the age pf Who has not Keen and fell Its pawci They only deny tla woith and have never loved a or labored to friend Tlie good and alTectipnate and the jeo and fee tha heavenly Ihcy sacrlfioo ami honor o pigmofe lie bapotaeta of ollicrij and in return they receive the IB watd of their by sympathizing hearls and when brought low by disease or of he have not aecn the may not be a hew aliong Iho creature The foli lowingfrom Iho London gives an H dear w The strength of an elephant Isequal lo bulk i Tor it can with ease draw a loart that six horses cannot move U oan carry upnn Is back Ihreo or four fhouiitnd weigbtj upon Its alone it can support nearja hard pusheil almost double dta In tho fifteen months and twenty days endingon February at Oregon there has been clear days 46 days on which it or wai cloudy all day and 165 days on which It snowed or was cloudy a part of Ihe Tlie rainy of Oregon embraces the months of January and Thu present rainy thus lias been unusually nnd contained only about half as many clear ilnyi ai tho Tho What ts lie oii co between Jhe Dtldgeof and size of a The next in to berMtie of and tho lecoud by the1 parallvely tilfiiug any deilrable Thoietllemnitis Cfiehnlia ami Pugcts Sound according to your re I Communicate a brief deiciiptlan of that poitlun of Ihe territory lyiug between lliu Cotumbln river ami Pugcls and the country immediately The Cowlitz seiilflinent U In a prairie dMricl situate tut tlio Cowlitz about Olitty in by way of tjtu from its mouth euro between a fao simile and a sick faml A place for every am tvtty n Us as the lady wheji slowed Iho ball pf two Uucc cats add grid Into an old lady nked IQ jolit a lUjiiop of as it N my lulculiQii tu i ono of the oonf the eKlreiuvly modest contemporary there Is frequently more pleasured giving a tiling in receiving hli more toys HO Medfi and A ;