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View Sample Pages : Alton Telegraph, March 16, 1849

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Alton Telegraph (Newspaper) - March 16, 1849, Alton, Illinois nTniir ThiBtoxiloonnotttmbUnt tol i t pi v PASMBBi corner of Tlilnl rM i inut PliUailulrthin anil at ma dlllferant olllces Hjlttmoro ami anthorfaoil ffiraAilvorllsomsnli inlcnilcd In Mi oanonmii also to act ai our general Agent coaMcW oor rhai i BV mov rACTonv SnrlnVsearly flowers 1 fulti would twine openbroW Bulolil No liolmy Wllblir tutafr doornail to f members of Iho fr Hey desire success in batiidy birth Ihli iliy Brethrohlour calling UV noble press li nlerror to and The nd press H a11 them thai Governors hone who starid In the fat the ai the hat Hey arolhogreat moral aU inlcllcrtlml lights of the world but bre thren of MAKE THESE vhelheri philanthropists or Wo nay claim for Ihepilnler honorof foun happy antl Mr ho Senator Clolr objects to theSSd and do I contend jHfi If the principle of general Rollrdad successful In New Hat they will alike appjloable nuil successful In It has Ueen If np terminate a RallroaiLai Imnblstown qppo Ita n Ain lha II nounccs It as striking a blow at Iili tile to trio city the effect will great Gam That gentleman and be to build up a great 1 hold that poalorsfrom myself differ somewhat In our Jhd prnlio to this Tl look to the Interest of the do well and State in this anil not lo local 1ms been claimed The very section the gentleman ob ing the of our free InjtiliKion and with our agencies the ho stntoMnan and tho It To chlldtiooda hallowed scenes delight ttio Ami swift be Joy winged momenta tlyj Where modest daisies star tho ground And lotoly bluebolli nod Hotv oft I mine with guitilng lean T On my brief diildlioodSipleasant ror unrestrained 1 thoti miglil Through tano or field tho llv thong ntil and a J Ipny Recalled mo lipmo new joys to But olil too soon those days were Anil pleasure smiled for me no more A fathers alas Tho path for woes wo all have shared tho earliest found j lhis earth was not enchanted What anguisliM hours Ive passed since then May nut bo told by tonguo or pen Within n fat lorya gloomy wallii t Which as well as Through yenrs of and and With tears Ive worn myheavy For wealth or power I never llleatleliuro Urny t f Leisure to to to To taste tho countrys gaio my 111 On glen and stream and How little would my irons Id murmur noty thoughsrantily I and was my Iftwas In some lonely Where flowers of every hue might And welcome birds in gladness Whore I might see the leafy trees Bend rustling to the healthful Might watch and squirrels And timorouirnbblts dart Where factory I might not To mar the pqacp and quiet No no dream is pailf My lot in caily life cost scalding tearsmoy I must my tnsltmaslcr Till some rank full of dead Forms the lail pillow for my i The circumstances which Induced the writing of the following louchlng and thrilling lines arc aa follows A young lady of was in the habit of writing fora riiiladclphlapaperon the subject of Her writing was BO full deep cmolion that a friend of hers accused her of being n nianiacon1 Ihoiubjcctof whereupuu ho wrote tho following feel what I havo benr what 1 have Sink noath the blow b father r i And tho cold worlds proud scorn Then suiter on from year lo t Thy solo relief thoscalding kneel as I bare Implore bescecli and Strive ha besotted heart to The downward course to slayj Be dashed with bitter curse Your prayers your tears weep as I have Oer a loved fathers fall Sea every promised blessing youths sweetness turned to gall Lifes fading flowers strewed all tho ihat brought mo uji to womans what I have seen the stropg man With gnashing bathed In And cold the livid brow l catch his withered glance and There his souls Co to Ihy mothers1 And her crushd bosom cheer l Thine own deep anguish hide off her tear Mark her worn frame and wftJwrW The gray that streaks her hair With fading frame and trepibl ing iitnbt And trace tho ruin back to Whoso plighted fatUiy in early Promised eternal love and Uut hath yielded up That promise 19 the cursed cupj And led her through love and And all hotmade her prospects bright And cnatufl her want and Thai lowly Ami stomiid on That withering druiittudschildl and and and All that my iou liuth folt and Then look upon tho wine cups v See If jli banuty con Think If tanayor you will try When oil tis driiiUj and diet1 itrongaiiyuit it When I or or or EADING nv Wonicrwo fill a muiements thatcan possibly bo Imagined for a hard working man after his daily or In tho there nothing like Ing an Interesting newspaper or It culls Tor no bodily of which ho han already hadenough or perhaps too It relieves his homo of ile ihillnoaH ntul samo It nccomp nil Its him fo his days workjand gives himsomelhinijtothiiik of besides the mere mechanical drudgery of hij every day occupation ipmolhtne he can enjoy while look fnrwnrd to with Were I to pray for a taste that should stand by mo under every variety of circumstances and be a source of happiness and checrfntnepR to me and a shield against all Its however Ihingi mfglitgo and ho uorld frown upon It would be a taste for rending Sir Ilerschcll I consider as material to the per oction of the general I solemnly be lieve It to duty of Illinois within her own the right to mine the termini of all Railroads llhln her 1 88 solemnly that if we adopt this will promoto the ests and welfare of the people of the whole I tho contest now In the Uallinf our for Hat I rood is ono between Louis and liTmy upon which tho weal or woe of our Slate in depends much on bur prcsei f I auij firmly of opin that the termini of such roads within our own will build up a city eemlng with Its thousands of composed of Iho and laboring clnsa 09 with stores and proud steamers ont all Iho oilier minor craft incir dental toa short jlilon lobe not only y ridiculous and absurd there ia no place or on Ihe American upon wjilch d city is all a itilcksand foundatlonf andUubject to over flow of the Miiilaslppl from fivo to tuenty f And bo taken for the chattersnow before this 1 shall consider It my duty to move to amend Hi provisions by levying a at 00 pcr head on 4who may Across our Tor revenue with Iho view of making It operate as a protection to our ftl mo the Northern portion of our StftlOj not to attempt to divert tho lead trade from the city of It U ono of the liea vy articles of cannot afford a city upon which we as Illinolans may well look with hrtho wbon our great Northern Canal atid he Bakes nro frozen this Road from Tcrro Ilanlo to tho MisKiseifpi CURING AND PRESERVING At tho reoent Slate Agricultural Fair in held nt Baltimore premiums were awnrdctl Ihe best the com petitors being rcqtilred to slate in writing tho raoila of ctirlnpr and Tho hntrts offered onthe occasion are nafH to have been romarhnbly and he follow inp Rtfttcmcnts of compelItprsmay fllTurd valuable instruollon o some of our at thti copy Ameri can Thomas Take a teaspoonful of cayenne a finely powdered snllpo ttffxcd with a quarter of a pound of trown and rub tho whole on the In side of the ham then pack away with Ljv erpool salt laltlng caro o cover well iprlet them remalntniialt four weeks then lanp with green ev ery other dear Anyt for eight when hoy should be taken dnnn and burled tn hickory and sufTererl to remain so through tho Tbo specimen sent was cured In the whole of tho vast trade on that Imlcfld of stopping Ulinoiu town to build up Q will empty in defiance ofenormous charges storage nfi the lap of Louis and thus tho accruing anil lasting from public woiUs in our own Into the lofill tlio coffers of of another I enter my protest against any such suicidal Tor tho hills and crags of I havono particular but il known In Certain and well and that if u certain policy she tnun inevitably become a great that could well compete with tho great cHyoT if we turn our eyes lo tho enor mous Indebtedness hanging over our ind examine our I do 119 see liow any Senator cnu place himself In a po sitionhostile to the best intorcsls of the by refusing to go for a policy Ihttlri at whatever point we may locale will pour forth double treasures by the increased valueiof freights and number of its pasren It Is tlicroforo folly o bar a city cannot be built at termini of that That fact is demonstrable beyond ho shadow of a Our policy ought then to tend to such iVir and other Stales have so legislated In Railroad matters ns to pro tect their own immediate interests ma king all Interests bend to All those measures hayo worked well and Horn and foresight that planned and carried them into is evidenced in the towns and cities that have sprung up within tbeir and thusladding millions of wealth to their common and increasing tho revenues of their respective Stales This Is wo want In Illinois our Stale Is largely in and If wo vroiihl pny that muit adopt a policy that will build up our own towns and increase our and population and It is from increased wealth and population that womay evorhopo to raise meana to pay off bur enormous I contend hat not because I am wedded to her more than any point on the Miistssip evltably must have the effect of building up cities towns within our own borders Increasing our our our and In every thing that njouJd conduco to tlio hoti and of our I from these voto against the tfon to strike out the 22d und for the substitute Senator of next addrcssed the Ho said Chairman I do not Intendto interfere or lake part In the quarrel between the friends of this Alton or Louis termini of tho great Eastern but shall bo orneit by principle In casting my The has bton adver to much by in order to sus tain tho various positions they have I holdthat It ihouUPbeproperly un derstood ami fairly action of this Legislature in all bo quoted as ft future on kindred su the utmo pi is thaionly point at which wo builda great lUr location below to bo burdened withhcaiy costs of and I contend ttmt that trade never can be diverted from Its legitimate and na either to build up cities In this or other without operatlpg de Irlmcntnlly to that preat 1 I want to what as sitranceft have been if o pais this that he Allon and lerreliautc Hall road cot i or will bo within reasonable It be constructed at all and where la the capital to come from It Is rayoplnlon tlint Eastern CBpElalUts wilt not touch U at all ai least that is the Imprcs slon thavo at this whether ft be ono neous or The honorable gentleman from Gi lies pie on a former occasion advert ed to Ihe policy of Virginia and Pennsylva in terminating their great Railways at points that would prove most conducive to the w and prosperity of these two II is that great and violent contests did exist tn those Slates for several about Urn Western termini of their great But I tiold that there Is no parallel to be drawn between ho State of Illinois and the States of Virginia and Our location nud position are entirely The policy of those great States u as aimed at grasping the con trol of Ilia vast trade of the while the policy of should be o open all the markets by tho constrnctinn of pub lic works o all points that would give us ao cess to these I ippreclatc the fofto of Iho argument urged ty thai honorable I think I am not n attributing sonio of the provisions of the ill under to a certain Irecogniza liandwritlngnti the My honorable frfpnd from Madison has ma Jo ills mark upon I rptpect and itonor that gentleman I have grown up al inostunder his None know his his fircal anil powerful indom itablo profound and belter than I let me any o iboralitjP rl have no doubt but that the ret ifplcnts of sitoli legUIatlve favor out of our would pronounce us a anoblo lnJarlcd well they rolghtl I IUs that charily begins ai that ho ti than an Infidel who provideth not fur his own Our firtl duty IstoMeglilnte for for tho whole interests of the people of o place all Interests In other ry and subservient to the great Interests of I hoi Jto bo great chargeifor ts byMhat duly of Senators upon Stablera After he hog is put up to he Is fed from weeks on suffered to become entirely cold vfous lo being out Each ham IheJi well rubbed all over with a heaped tcasponnfiil of Permit Urn tohe the and then rub well witli the best Liverpool blown Tilling the skin at the hock Place II lathe akin down and cover he flesh side now upper most salt of the same a full quar er of an Ittch Thero let It remain rroinSO to 25 days according to the size of tho When taken carefully move any salt that may remain on the out side by Washlrg it in using a hair Hang It an In he meat per milting no two pieces to touch each and sinoko it cointfinlty for ten or fifteen Early the next rttb It well all over with unpacked and rehang It as may socuro it from rats Ducteirt To ono thousand weight of hams apply the following mixture well rubbed on nf a bushel of fine four pounds nf two ea cups of red of 1 hickory ttio hams bo packed away for five weeks with the rinds down then nmoko for three or weeks with green hickory wood and tpbacco stalks as soon as suflictcntly smok cover them with pepper and and sew thorn up in bags to protect them from v the of be Illinois a Rallroarl to from tho Wabash Ua pids at and the Great Eastern route connecting at Terro will Inev itably loake her more most gulno can can estl inalo the great amount of wealth It will Ihrow into our from which great and increasing revenues will be It ever has been the policy of legislative bodies In ho whole so to legislate a to draw wealth from other quarters and I am at aloss to quarters and I legislation thai i I i or JAMBS Birth in flue discuitlon of thu good things which bad been Hirpcr opened the iup plemenlary procoedlngslwllh the following BATEitAtt Please inform your female readers at Iho proper seiton of Iho year that green corn of Ihe right Dge for boil ed In the usual not forgetting to put a ofsnll In then cut from tlie cob and dried in the sun for two or three will make an article ahnoil equal to green for In win BiiDTUBcuAjiD gives trie pe cullar pleasure and satisfaolibj In occupy the posltiotrwhlohfiaibeeti assigned the this At any time the designation of my humljle as olllcer of a mating of vvojild be deemed a high tin Ilils ivbeii Ihe object by joclaland festive rejolcliiRi to Celebrate the birlhof Franklhiihe patrioti the confess that roarkofyour It was by reading tlie life of that illuslrlous man that I was induced tn adopt the profes sion of Iho pressj When thirty eight yeari fathers hoiiMVIo seek my the tjie the Integrity of Frankiln Itmpeiffdly strove to make my patron and to iii a great mayI attribute what success I nave been able lo accomplish In this have never rfgrettedpiy and lo fnii If there any secular designation which I It Is Ihat of a What addslo my pleasure on this occasion Is the considerallou that the oharacler of Pinters has undeigouo a great change since When I look back and see what numbers of Ihe In yearslong earning at Ihe the tippling and other of leant lirallOed by Ihe hlgl character of Ihoie who now Vpresf nt the variooi of Ihe There Wo publish the foregoingat this hough not In feartna vve micht for get Ohio SKETCH OF THE RAILROAD DE In committee of the whole in the on thu lit of lit the he Alton and Terro Railroad and the general Railroad otTored as asubatllute by Senator of tlie special order of Ihe Senator moved to slriko out the 22d section of tho which section alHrms the right of the State 6 levy taxes on passengers and and also of controlling tho termini of all Railroads by ending them nt such pla ces on the East bonk of the Mississippi whore lowiis now or can be of ing obtained the arose and addressed the Uo Chalrmap I ailfo for the purpose of advocating Ho paiiage of the general Rail road iuoorporalion In lieu of the clmr tera frpm the otber end of afllrwliiff the rglt of levying for Iheberient of am not this prhiciplo Is nLt reccgnized lo either of Ihe now before and that it If proper and that that prlnci pie be oorifctly by the a doplion of the aubslilute or general Railroad woujd to the general Railiond IBWB of for a confirmatton of he I Here the Senator from in reply loan iulerroRalPty from the admitted tho right of the Stale lo lay such tax I Ihat thla general act templates In M every thing thnt could by desired ia the formation of Railroad will have of fostering citiesin the inevitable effect U to be the sacrifice of great State Interests on our I therefore deptecate such le gislative I if the ter mini of the great Eastern Railway be op that the elTeota of It bo felMnjtirlously in all future by the peo ple of this State if it be taken to Hirown seleoted it will as certainly a create make a and yield in a largely increasoil revo Lou 1 I has been if not built up by the transhipment of Illinois and the profits growing out of We have therefore only to make our ppint and become our own and Ihe as build a as tho waters of tho great MUltolppi flow In to the Atlantic I In view of all these vote against striking oufj and substitute as of followed in reply to Ho undertook o define hiapofliiion to be in favor of contending that it had revolutionized these United The Senator had been acquainted with a large number of great men in his and was for nono of your j itlle but went for a big road from iu down to San Francisco In he State of lie didnt know any thing nor any thing for the liltle city of It U probable Ms position iu favor of steam was as tint powerful agent may often havo af fected He said hu iHiint intend to make a talked about one and actually of next ad dressed tho He Chairman The netion of the LeRls lature at on tho important ject under la to affect tlio tereits of our State for all time lo Tlie dixtrtct I have Iho honor In U somewhat conflicting In its aa regarded the various Railroad propositions I considerit Ihcreforeof at importance that correct prlnci plea now that a proper dell nition of that clause of tho Constitution to ferrlnR should be In my it U Impossible that a whole aystorri of internal improvoments can be carried out under anygeneral unlcBs are The substitute before reported by tho faoot sucb a bill as the Constitution contemplates and ought be I con ceivo it to In direct conflict with that as well as illiberal in some of I am omewhat astonished at the gentleman from who 4 as I in favor of or ge neral Hra according to my does not appear to bo a consistent I have a very able and elaboritto report lying on my made by that gen on tho powers of the helogic a good way to sat isfy ray mind of the impolicy of adopting this general law Ihat gentleman strenuously inMhat and a bly as I for Iho establishment of the principle that tne Legislature has the under our new to grant special Railroad It is to how that honorable gentleman can reconcile his with the princi ples laid down In that and the posl tlnn he now occupies In favor of a general Railroad law I was a metnher of the com mittee that made and deem It proper heroto that while I yielded a silent assent to being yet I that thai the Interest ho scnls on this by its on all form or ns well as In made tho interests of tho people Slate sub scrvienl to the Interests of the peopleof Al That policy has sacrificed the Nation il as other important mcas I denounce that policy as being Injurious to our best there voto agaitut the ad op Tho Senator from pleascdto make sbme llunsls at the city of Is easily at counted That a county Immediately on lie line of the pro Cincinnati ami Lonls and hence the zeal manifentcd to1 obtain itieso Railway the Immediate local any regard to what detrimental oflefts row out of them to Ihe interests of tho State at Let mo tell that Sena when ho refers lo tho reminiscences of former and charges on Alton hcrahare in producing Ihat his constituency re ceived her ftltaro of the great Western mail leading from Vln through Belleville to LouiJj over has been expended by ihc ami a largo proportion of it loo ou the American is tho char acter of that road therenow Senator and tho public well know Ihat for years It has been In a horrible li terally impassable during portions of the Can it be expected Chair that capitalists will be so stupid as lo tirnUh capital tn build a Railway actojs liat where no foundation exists but hat of quicksand to my own icisonat and within my own ho Mississippi river at that has washed away its banks and croached on our at least ono hall That Senator wants to know what assurances can bo given that capita can bo had lo construct tho road from Alton lo Tcrrc if a charier Is granted and aeema o doubt very much whether It can bo and all because Louis will not subcitbo cue In reply to that gentlemans let me say thete is not only a but an abso lute that he capital will be had than it will bo had wlthotil asking LouU for one That muchhas been one dollar of spare caj Hal for Iho purpose of building roads or tlie construction of any kind of limn believed b dental i iirodtioti ess a million of dollars per ehormbut sum for our peoptditoU U no much deducted wealth of our1 State to bd iol permanent Wdallh of nf ought to bo H II can one by adopllnga lino oftpollcyftthatswlUiHJ emit in building Ia6e on the MiisNstppl as a shipping marUi w f we tnake tho termini of the ul rn ompttshedfiand henbo he tremendous tf rtluns made Lnuls o secure the ter11 mint of thatrodd at i s she Ihat it will fore or secure her rom n rival on tho East bank of the MlMv I call lo stand by InleresHof dtir I hem Ihat ifnt Ion of this bill in V lieu of the charter or the not approve of air be principles laid down In believing In soinc of tho po sitions laid down rn that il in my de terminationto go for striking nut in favor of all Iho people want or whorettrer they can bo It inmy exliemely Illiberal to grant Railroad prlvllepcs to ono portion of tlio people of tho Stato and turn round and deny them to Such a courie of policy Is to be as being pure 1 from a to say the givea plausibility to he Having submitted these brief to the I leave the on passetigers and freight the Stalo If I before tho My how Is well understood by most if not all Senators on this I that the provisions of Ihe new Constitu tion donot authorize Ihe passage of special laws for Inlernal Improvement unless ft be clearly shoivtt that hey cannot be effecled under general I am home nut in his by members of the of the highest standing and who participated n making that They declare that It never was the Intention of Ihe framers of Ihe to permit special legislallon for such unless the eonlingeucy arose that was provided and a proper construction of that clause clearly sets ft In that It Is that a proper definition bo given to this power as It will act as a precedent during the existence of the Con Jl Is urged by as an objection to the geuetal that lit New all of Ihe Impottant roads in thai Slate had been provided for under special and that under her general Railroad laws no roads had or would be are Ihe It Is true that mostol her Important hare been built under special It is also equally since Ihe adoption of her general thai Railroads havo been and are in progress of under their subject with determined to do I conceive to be ray duty by voting for tho motfan to strike lloro Ihe Speaker of the Senate n and called Iho attention of Senators to he question before Ihe slating it Id be oh tho propriety of the Legislature retaining the control ever Ihe termini of ail Railways In Iho which tho gen tlemen from had moved lo slriko and suggested that Senators conftno as nearly as to tho Senator of then arose and addieised Iho He Chairman I have carefully cxamln whole now under and while I am not entirely prepared to say that I disapprove of It there Is a portion f It which I absolutely ThoS2d Tcrre Haute Lonls next ad dressed thad Chairman to take no patt in the debate on tho subject under but simply to give my volo on Ihe proposition now before the com against striking out the 33d for reasons Ihnt are satisfactory and conclu sive to my tho Sena has seen ptopor toar rnlgn me before this oommilleo ou a chargo of which In duty to myself I am that that as well asolher Senators oh this nor misrepresent my views and That Gentleman had better pluck of his own before he undertakes to prove me guilty I apprehend hU allegations may In Ihe end be found in be most Applicable to himself iphejt he rebukes mo ho should be certain ovyn conclusions are not only but legitimate and Ho says my support of the measures now before the Is inconsistent with tho principles of the re port I had the honor to submit to the Senate a few days on the subject of special that honorable Sena tor could not have examined critically Ihe language used in that otherwise ho must have come to adiflercnt I that urged in against general aro bated upon the that they would con fer upon capitalists the right to conilrnct roads to whatever point it might suit without any regard to the great interests of he Slate of Il Is that that report also sets in Its that special lawscrcaling Infernal Improvement1 may bo enacted by the Legisla lure under ihe present lit cer laiti Hut the bill before the commit tee In my docs away with any necessity charters by granting every spe cial privilege or benefit Ihat could be for under he provisions of a special law white at Iho same time nil the great Interests of the State are safely secured within the control of It would therefore seem fernal has she given of her ability to construct Internal Improvements Where are Lcr bet or her TuttiplUo roads Echo nherc Her money Is Invested In merchandise and and dollar has she to give for iheyaro sacrificed all time to recover from the Now is Iho precious time for aclloftf Ihat will promotoi tho interests ol4 tlieitforcjicoto against striking out the nnil for ihasiibslilutfrits1 Senator of j next adddreBsod the as t t the object I have In view 1 n ndilreislng tho committee on ho ant subject now before J mediately to refer to someatalisticahfactSt recapitulate some of the factn ind staletnenU already made upon this floontt t by In ardor to illustrate fortify1 tlio shall Jay fT t In common ullh that tho net Ion and influence of the city in this wielded to ill fullest extent to secure thai termini orourRallroad system at M opposite o her own importance others thero can bo ho 11 regaid this efJ If siicoesFfultas aMlenllnblow bcstintcrcflii of Illinois because it Is folly to suppose that If these works term in Mo at v hat ted into a It Is the depot oprl stopping place for tho cars w 111 be there tiut A thotbousamU of passengers and countless Ions of freight will land ion Ihoopposite and not tlie but the bona fide the immo dioto as much as if it landed In tho immediate centre of her let us examine some of Mho grawJfc ing out of this jfl haVbeen stated an this and truly I take it for 4 thai a vail lak ii paid yearly by In order to reach tbeSlfrLmint to the scveralferry monopolies loca of Raihv o our The people of that cltj think nnJurobin ilunc every Ihtng for them that their position is a command Ing for all lime to and hence fear1 no If rhe furnishes1 any capital for construction of our she havetoobtaln il herself by The Rail road of ia like the slulTof which dreams arc but The by way of drawing a parallel bohyoen Allon and has also been pleased to refer lo the great flood of rmd says that Ihe huelncES portions of Alton were six feet un der and that for all practicable pur poses there wan little difference between feet nt Illhioistown Ho to carry Ihat parallel and loll us that a much greater portion of the business as u el as other largo portions of Ihe city of ltd amounting In tho aggregate bout tNowJ I argue that tills onerous for onerous antl burdensome It u Is paid by tbo producer ourl nolby lhoji seller orconsumer of those amount of produce reaches nllholitany ferry or wharfage tax beingle vied on It nt much moro I presume than Can boconsumed tho oonsequencea that Iho Missouri and those reach thai market minus the ferry have a decided odvantageover IhoIllinois prol weremueh moro than six feel oii of he bill 1 tely con ectares hat Ihe termini of all Railroads shall and be under Iho control of tho Slate This I aimed at Illi nolstowni and Ihe best and dearest Interests of Ibe constituents I have Ihe honor to re present on this I that that place Is as good so far as fonndRiinnfor superstructure Is for building up a great city as Is either or IIAVO refer red lo Hie great Inundatiuti of as a rea son Illlnolstown oan never bocomo a great the business places of Ihe city of Alton at Ihat limb were ed six there was liltle onto differ ence between Alton and Illinoittown on Ihat although tho latter may have been submerged twenty It In my o as easy tu shut out the waters of the Mississippi from IllinofsloWn by as it Ii at Cairn or New or other inter mediate points it Is an procejs to secure Ihe banks of that tirer ftom the action of the which of lalo years has somewhat cncrutchni upon Ihe Illinois if his bill is substituted IP to lit precboly the requirement of tho Cotiftltution and t no little sur prlied to see the Senator from who fa somewhat of a stickler on GonKlUu tn opposition to this less the 23d section be stricken from I leave that gentleman therefore to reconcile his own course with his Ing ho will have enough to do lo wash his own skirts from the charges be hai brought forward agalnt the bill before this ia proposed ai aiub stitute charters sent lo us from tho other an allimportant one to the great Interests of Illinois because the pro of that if enacted Into will leavo the of tho ttiay always ought fo in tjie haiidj of Ilio If we do not come hero to pro mote tho Interests of Ihe people and Ihe welfare of tho what do we come here far Can U bo to legislate for promotion of the of capitalist and cities in olh er Staler Itakeit fur granted that the in lereits Qf our own Stale are Well if that be should examine the ground upon which hey and see whether or nut tliolr positions will tend to promote the interests of Ilio en tire The from Sahuyler and Joe are extremely liberal in heir potions about Railroad they are not only willing to grant Railway privileges to any and every part of the without regard to what Iho effect might pro or but hey nre In their extreme liber o underlako to legislate a Railway syntem ftr What wondoifnl magnanlmityl what magnifloent liberality 1 ask how retmn home lo our and loll them that we have legislated exolutlvely for Ihe bene Hi of owns and in Qlher States Will Ihry commend us for our u under water such was nevertheless ever since I have had the houqr of a teat npon of the it has been my end rmd nim to promoto the IntorcMs of tlio Slate of mlvo eating aline of State I hum bly all the great interest of Iho Stale at pi emit as well as in Iho fu I have had uvery sort of attack made on not only by Louis by Ihe Press of lhatclly and elsewhere It its nud hchco the my fileni from in misrepre senting mo on some have no peraonnl liitercBt to subserve making tho tciininl nf tho Grent ISasiern Railway at I dp not live there and so help me I do not own ono dollars worth of pro perly nor do I know that I ever I look alone to what I ifolemnly believe to bo thetruo inicreitiof In ndvocaV Inpf these I am not lo be understood an an enemy of jut aa atanding by Ihe interests of Illinois lias it coroe to that Sendton are lo bodenpuiicod for refusing lo vote for measures that practically will operate o In jure he intorejts of oqr own Sfnlo In all time to Are wo to be toll that we ore Iho enemies of Louis In ful filling our dutyasrepresentatives of the we go far measures that are calcu lated malctiully the po pulation and re nown of Illinoti Such denunciation comes with an 111 grace from those who are desi rous that we should sacrtQce till that gratify or strengthen and tify or ld ha would havo us leglslato so as lo add cnor mously to the wealth and business of an al ready proud and Imperious city In another As oho Senator his 1 in Irnd to stand by tho great lulorosls of this regardless of slaiulor and denuncia tion from city and I hopo and that other Senators will be found acting in conceit with Chairman Much has been safd res pectively about Iho tnorlls of Louis and as places of I without fear of successful that tile river landing at ho latter placets at least fully if nol lo that of Ihe and that at all times when large boats call reach they can olsn reach II Is also well known that freights from botli those places to Now rule always at Ihe same I hold 11 to bo the as well ns the true of Ibis Stale to ship her own already but whieh will bo increased twenty within Ihe next quar ter of a The proflls derived from this transhipment will bo end if proper y become a part of our per manent local by Mi business ra mifications In the body stimulate the prosperity of Ihe entire Stale to a degree never before and hitherto un Another strong may be found fur building up a city of our as a shipping mart on the in Ihe enormous laxoslhe people of ihl In other Oliilrm8Df II linofs pays a premium tax in Ihe shape of amountlngnow to about for tho privilegebf Louis nud competing with tho j prnduals of other clear then hat this sorely burdensome and lax is paid by the business mori and agrlcul luriits of ho norable friend from has niously allempleil to show thatll is Iho con punier and not tho prodnderthat pays us go a litllc locarry out the II is conceded that our Slate Is advancing rapidly in prosperity at this and that tho completion of somert of Iho most Important Eastern side lo our Western borders Kill accclcialo Ibat proiperlly a tenfold be led by an on this and I Ihoilalei menlln Ilio that Ihopeople of Illinois pay per annnm for forlho Iranshlpmenti of Illinois the merchauU ami shippers bn Ihe in tho next 20 bojIerminiiOf Important polnl f will Jo heavy chagesflt Ipwesl a threefold amouiiling in iueparlod of time I have flwcnty lothe normoiissum of twenty fivoior thirty inll lions of sum equal almost olwlco the ambuntofbur present Stale Indebted Shall wo leglslalej Chair lo transfer thls vastwraith Into tho lop of a foreign city anili enrichi tho another or shall of Illinois from iieavy and burdensome and thereby add mmcnsely to Ihe wealth of our own by building np cllies shipplngrnatliof our own ou tho Mlisisilpp ilver Let Senators answer these and say whelher they nro not of momeriloils impqrj lance lo Ilio Illhiolsi no holUllon ijiafllrnilnglhat they highest o the Interests of he whole Stalofahd worthy ofour most setfouft Tho couno of dlcalcd by my fijolid from not only llcvb It would pro only oblec ve suicidal I the bcsl In Will Slate now In maBuanimlly and Ihorder 16 get to a lerests of Ilio I from hlirp mniks ho leans lo Iho thai Iherels but Dllle probability we ever hall build up cilies or towns on the easl bank of theMls Ihat will competition or ri valry with the greatcily of seems also to Ihlnk that city the only natur al channel of In Ibis part ofMho Mis Valleyi I differ with man on this mnliilaln IbBt we oan builJ up clllcs ami towns n al oth er I contend that In Slaje every rrqiilre at our acourto pf pqljoy pre which will inevitably de sirable no particular parllallly to peliherim I wrildeiWo Cairo lo or ho left boiiii oflho lnwns and cities may bemarla I am not Lbuisy bu Iitand by tho of forevcil f I bblil n iny haiidojour handed to moiby a frlehd on containing Ihe speechof Professor of oily Council of It is an Impor tant and remaikable forsomo Ihroir the laid down the cilj Loiils fears uo rival on ouj ;