Alleganian (Newspaper) - November 1, 1865, Cumberland, Maryland
3 H VOLUME II. CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1865. NUMBER 26. EVEKY WEDNESDAY MOBKIKQ. Ofllco on Mechanic Street, near the National House. TEUMS OK SUBSCIUI'TIOX TWO UOLLAItS mnrLilil.r in Kdiancc. No sulecrintiua t-'icn for a iicr'unl th.ni marittia. C3ea-u.iJ.ty ZPAx-ootox-y- _ .luilcc o! Circuit Hon. CEO. A. I'KAKRi: Clerk of Circuit 110IIACE UKSLCY. ReoMer of W. WASH. T, C UlUTZ. Stuff's GEO. A. TIIRUSTOX. IA MES JK. Jutlcti of the Court II. H. CAMPBELL, POrr.LAS I'EIH'V, A. M. L. bUSJI. Coua1 r r.HAHi.r.s inncsKLY, KUJAII JOHN- HEt.L. .1. 11. STALI.INT.3. J. L. L. TXrYNPIIKSU. Chrk to J.U'Oil liBOWS. Dr. HElfliY J. WIESEL, GKA.DCATE nf Bellevuc Ilo.spital Mcd- icil ColkKC- Yorfc: of 'Ihomas A. Ilc-Ocr .t Pmnl. P. Smith. r.n.'. ofl'rof. lUnull'ia. rf la ClarjsTillc U.S. Huspii.il; Hrvc the tmlilir in the >iriuus lir.'aclict rciLunin; his vrofMiton. OB VLmOP.r. KI'KELT, i in rooms aberr Old ti-rlnn.l, Mil. _ ;qit. ;r, if. ALTER. S. 'McFA R I AX, ATTOrtKBY AT IiAAV, Jin. South fide of Washington ttrcet, three daors of Court Rfjitmlitr 27, _ __ JAMES M. SCULKY'd I, AW OFFICE, C.r CBEKK, CUMBERLAND MP. WILLIAM ATTOBNET AT LAW, .VD. West flili- of Wills creek, In the Ilooni! Lnawii us llitOflicc ol the lute Thoiius Diiimnoa. January II, 1JC6. _ __ .1, 17. CUSAttlll.] C3.Xo.t3CT.xi.S52J. tfc 3Ftla.iaa.e3., WUOLCS4LS tlSlttaS It Whiskies, BRANDIES, Gin, WINES, Etc. S. W; corner of Baltimore C.iual Streets, Near ilie llriilcr, I., 'C3 5.r- JIil. ii. u: FEvnu co., DHUOaiSTS Sr. CHEMISTS, Oi llitlinve, b-lxitn Liktrtf Cailn MIL JOIIX E. HUCK. terfr nnJ Taper And Dealer in nil Papor, Blinds, Curtains, etc., etc. talto. street, n fcw doors above I'o'l- Olilrc. M. M. KKAKNKY. Dealer in LIQUORS, TEAS, PROVISIONS. KI5II, UHEiSE, TOBACCO, C1UAIIS, llnliimorc strwts, opposite A. M. L. Tolmr- roSlort, Cumlwrlitnii, Jld. M.iy 10, 13W. nu.niuui) I.ONU, Piulcr) in Hanlffare, Iron, Stcrl, Cattery, rlc., Mnjrudcr'3 otil tUnd, corner IWtiniorc imj FREUEUICK .MINK E 'Shoes, Hals, Caps, rlc.. 3 Storr Illorh, Itelliuiore strtft. WI AM MOHKU Manufacturer of Tin, Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware. Week, m-ar the llnllimore Mrrtt. U ALB SWA HT2 E 1> Di; K Pciler in Huoks. Stadnnery anil Fancy Goods, Under Iklriilete Hull, llallimore sirwl. ANUKK'.V CioXBKH, Udler ia Hcaily-made Crr.i.its, SHir.TS. IlRAWfiRS, nr., rinltlmore opposite the SAMUEL H Kl UKUf BUG KH MERCHANT TAILOK, S I) C 1. 0 T II I i: U Baltiraore lirfct, nrar the 1'ulilic Siiuarc. Dry'Goods, Notions Carprtlnr, 3 S'ory UlrK-k, Biltu. UrM't, A .rOILVSO.V, EcA'ers in rs, Jtytlry, SilTir and VLATED WAUE, (tc.. Kelt door lo Baltimore street. JOHN n. WIDBXBB. JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, 'Office on BaJUmorc street, near the 1'ulilic Square. SAMUrfL 11 YAMS' Bostaurant and Saloon, "O REFRESHMENTS nln avs on hand. VTaMi's DIock, llMlimore street. LOTIIE3 WRINGER. KTHT Housekeeper ilioiiM stipnlr his fnrrnly Giant CIMn Wrag- thcrebv save, the women n itatl of hard lalmr on wuh Oaji, Tor wile liy HUMniUD Jt LONG. >UMP CHAIN 1 1'IIMP CITATN THE BEGISTRY X.AVT. of Bcvci'dy Johnson. The Gazette" reports Ihe fol- lowing, as the most interesting points and ar- guments made by the Hon. llcverdy John- son, before the Court of Appeals of Mary- land, on the appeal from ihe Circuit Court fur Montgomery county, in relation to the tonstllHtliautlity uf tht Jteyittry JMIC. lie commenced by f-aying Tin; importance of the questions I am about to dUcuss. cannot oxerst'ited. They admit tiu exaggeration. They involve tho validity of the Constitution of" the State in certain particulars, and.the validity of the act of 1S03, passed iu pursuance of that Constitution, i deny their constitu- tionality because of the Constitution of the United-Slates, which the powers of the and because of (heir iucotisis- tenee with ihe rest of the Constitution of the State and the fundamental principles up'jti which political liberty The learned Attorney General and hi" ns-sociatc. if I understand iht'm, seem to suppose that what was done by Convcntinii by whom the Constitution xvas framed, is to be con- sidered as an act of political power of the State bhieli cannot be questioned by the judiciary or elsewhere, and that which was done- by the Governor in of the authority reposed in him by terms of that Constitution in proclaiming its adoption by the nl-o an act of pouer which cannot be cxaiuiucd into by any oilier department of the (loverninent. U hatetcr na-f the condition uf the people of Mankind before 17S9. when they bc- c.itnc one of the Sl.iles tin; ever was condition by virlnr- of their sepiraiinn fiom the Government of JCuglaud by means of the revolution, nhollv imma- terial in an inquiry which involves the re- straints, if there bu any restraints, ujnn the people, to be found in the Constitution of the United The tenih section of the firs! article of the Constitution of th.- Us.ited States con- tains a limitation upon the powers r'f the Elates in the particulars staled in that suc- tion, or rather, to more correctly, which not only contains a liiuilalion not to itriclty, as an actual prohibition upon which were before vc.-ted in the people of Maryland as Hellas the people of the other States. And when the became a member of the Union, her people in convention adopting the Cunstit-ition of the L'uitcd they arc not to be considered only as delegating to the Cnvcrniiiont funned by that Constitution, ihe powers which that Government was authorized to exercise, but they are supposed to have consented to abuidon, during all future time, the right? which thi-y Ind antecedently to ra jmtt furlu laws, to pass of attainder, U pass I-IHS impaiiing the obligation nf contracts, to emit bills uf credit, to coin tnonev, or to make anything that they might think proper, a tender in payment of debts. And now, I Hippose, brothers will hardly deny that if Maryland, with a Con- stitution formed, n government orginized, as it existed in inuild have no author- ity to legislate at all to interfere in any way whatever, to as to bring about any of the arts against which the pei-tion of the Con- stitution of the United Stales to which I have alluded, was aimed, that she can get no Mich right by resolving herself into her original elements destroying the Cuitetitu- tion which she had in '.SO and forming an- other. If that could be clone, one of two things would either be the she would be out of the Union, and, of couri-o, not responsible to the Consliliitinn, or in the Unio'i and without responsibility to :he section in ijiicstion. Tin- prohibition, on the contrary, was a prohibition upon the people of the State.' as they then existed, to remain forever as :i restraint vital lo the in- terests of all well as of each, as long as the Union of 5t.ite? .'ball endure. Wheth- er, therefore. State legislation against the prohibitions of that article was attempted by a Legislature organized under the form of government existing in Man land iu 'SO, or attempted under any other form that Ma- ryliml might think proper thereafter to within the prohibition, and, if within the prn'nibitiun, it was void voidable, but void. And how was it to be retrained practi- cally Who was to decide conclusively lhat a State had passed, in Convention or by Legislature, an rs jml fadn bill of attainder, or n law iinp.iirini; the obliga- tion of contract's? Xot the Stale. Not the people constituting the State. That wo bo to make ths prohibition actually a nul- words. fignifung nothing, af- fording no prolcction to the individual citi- except that protection which experience had .shown at that One. was inadequate In the purposes of good government whicl inch legislation was iucnmpatiblc with, it being seen by sad experience that, in higl parly the obligations justice arc forgotten, the title to freedom is di-regarded the fafcty of tho community, as fir as it de pcndj on general laws, asked for the protee lion of private propcrtyand political nre disregarded. Tim great men of in the first session of Congress nficr the Con dilution was adopted, the judiciary net of '89, in which to nuke that prntcctioi against all baranl they that when, in nny SUito court, the ciistin law shall be acmilcd upon tho ground tha it conflicted with tho Constitution of th United Stated, am! such court decided tha it did tho party ngainst whom the de cision was pronounced wns lo have a rir-h to take it to the Supreme Court of tlic Uni trd States, and their decision once pronounc cd rns to be couclusivc. If. then, the people of Maryland in ISC-l, then this Constitution was were utject to that restraint, can it be denied bat they ueru equally subject to it when la- Constitution xrat they are uhjcct to it now, und must remain subject u it as lutig as they constitute a State of lie Union ami thu Constitution of the Uni- id Statcj eiitU 'i The (juc.itiou, therefore, s: Has or bus not Maryland, in the pro- isjons of her present Constitution, lie Constitution of the L'nittd Slates'.' Let me ask the C'ourl'd attention lo what ite is-, taken by iti-elf. and what lie act nf '05 is us compared with the au- lority conferred upon the Legislature hy- lic Constitution? It was udoptcd at a pc- of political excitement nut calculated at ny time, whatever may be its course, to ivc reason f.iir pl.iy and to make the obli- iitions imposed bv fuiiilajijciilul principles f civil liberty- aud guaranteed by the I'mi- titution of the United States have their roper ami still less calculated be- aiist- of the caii.se of the excitement. They ought to exclude all turn who at any time, rout the beginning uf the world to the recent day, had spoken or written or acted n any of the parlicuhirs fount! in the clause n the Constitution question. Had they 10 authority ID do it? Certainly not, if icy have in doing it violated the Constilu- on of the United States. Wo say they ave violated il in the revision is viitually a bill of attainder and n rj- j.ost ftu-tu law. If any one of the olcrs who.su name has been rejected by the because of his having done-any of ic prohibited nets in that clause of the Con- ilution ini'l beui indicted and died, he oulJ not liave been convicteil. it not, in of fuel, punishment? the rijiht to participate in the Govcrn- ent of iht- Slate in vital to the continuance the right to hold office under le State is a valuable bo deprived either, no matter how aceompli-liMl, be piini-beiL The Constitution itself cals with it as Tho Convcn- on itself considers the deprivation of the lit t'J vote as a jK'nnlty, tin; ileuial of the lit to hold office as a penally, and priie- t'clively that if a party th.'ill be invicted of any of the offenses, described i and here again recapitulated, he thai) e punished as the antecedent bw provided, nd shall in addition to that punishment, nd as purl of thu sentence, be f irever dif- to hold any office of ti list or profit r to vol.; any election thereafter. Wiiat in an t'jr law V simply efincit by Chief Jii-lii-u Jlai.shall.in Fletch- r, vs. 1'eek, 0 Ciiinch, it is any law that lakes that punishable which was not pun- shablc before, or which enhances the pun- shinent when a milder pniiishiiicnt existed lone before, or which materially changes he which the pariv is to be ried for the crime. In the act of 1ST5, the first pro- 'ides (hat the Governor chall npp'itnt from he citizens of tlie State n.cn knonn forloy- Ity, firmness and to carry out he provisions of the law. 1 suppose he as done so, but from the manner in which have heard the duties are discharged by a ;rcal many of thciii, 1 should hope that he 'ind been able to appoint nic.'i of more firm- iCfca, more loyalty, and more uprightness. I don't know that your Honors have boon ubjectcd to the moral torture of answering he that the are aulhor- zed lo ask, and been asl.ed whether yon had crvcd a term in the penitentiary or vas whether you lud been convicted of and every quc-tion these in- might think proper in the exercise of Iheir inquisitorial power to propound to he applicant for registration. Suppose the applicant refused to answer, our own Con- ititulion pays: "No man shall permitted :o criminate himself." The hiw says, sland- !ng upon principles more elevated than any constitutional provision "Xo man whall be called upon lo degrade hiiiuclf." Vet if he 'nils to answer, whether he has been con- victed not of any infamous crime: w hethcr, if he has Iteen convidcd, his term of pun- ishment Inn expired or not, or whether be las been pardoned, he e-iiinnt vole. If this in not an infliction of punishment I am at a to imagine tvhnt punishment is. Do not vou cverv day court martials acting within the of their authority, in the exercise of the poncr committed lo them by Congress, in addition to dismissal from llie service and ihe iinpo-Uioti of a fine, declare iu llieir Eentonccs that the pri-oner .shall forever thereafter be incapable of hold- ing any office of Inist or profit under the United When that wai adoplcd ihe applicant wai a freeman in native land, with all the dignity belong- ing to the character of a the heritage won for him bjrhis nnccfUirs, conforming in all to the righlcoui laws of his is now forever stricken down as unfit to be politically associated with, the proportion of two-thirds to onu, unfit lo be associated with tint oilier pure and im- maculate third. Two-thirds of tbn while population of Maryland are subjected to n jioiitical galling to them in- finilcly than were (he shackles which Mir- rnnndcd tho slaves of tha South, who never having realized ths privileges of freemen, knew not the excellence of liberty, and were, in a manner, contented with their stalion. This IB done iu n Constitution which pro- claims freedom to the slave. This is, there- fore, practicllly to pronounce lhat every black man in Maryland, who was n slave in 1S64, shall thereafter forever )w two-thirds of the white popuhftfcn, entitled to vote in 'C4 by the laws nnd the Constitu- tion ns it then (.food, shall forever be slaves. Who arc they that will call in question (he decision of tlm. Court AVhn. they that will raise thu arm against the legiti- mate power of this Court if a redress is re- solved to be granted in this ease? After you have struck forever from the Constitu- tion and the law the provisions to be found in them which are obnoxious to the restraints of the Constitution, who nre they that will create agitation in consequence of .such a result? They will be as harmless, if they should attempt it, as helpless infancy. Kveti supposing, w hich I am not willing to sup- pose, that any one of the one-third will think this Constitution aud law, in the par- ticulars in question, to have been properly adopted, that any one of them will call in question the binding efficacy nf decision, how is that decision to lie main- tained 't Where, if physical force is re- sorted to, is the Court to look for those who will stand in fiout of its judgment and in- sist upon its being enforced Oil' uf a vote of more than thirty thousand in the city of liultimoro, (ess than ten thousand arc regis- to ten. How long would that fight last, if fight there should be And how could there be a physical Uruggle? You arc not to look at the possible state of the public tuiud which may be produced by your decision, and that, therefore, you are not to exercise the duly of furnishing the redress to this party, if you think he ia enti- tled to it. Is he entitled to it? It is upon the ground that what has been done was Ihe legitimate net, as far as poircr was concerned, of the political department of the Government, ir'ccoud, that whether EO or not, Ihe law deposes a discretion in thceu registers which cannot beinteifercd with by iiiaiiilamus. What did Luther rj. Uordou decide? At that time there were two par- ties in Uliodc Island, each the fiiend of a dilleruiit Cotistitiititn. There wore two Constitutions Which was the legitimate one'! The Court said that was not a judi- cial question, as it clearly wns not. As llhodi! Island had decided for licrsvlf which was the (joveininent. and Congress had ac- cepted her Senators and Itcprceentativos, that was conclusive upon the judicial de- partment of the liorernnicnt. J'nt that is not this question. Wo aro not denying that the Constitution of 'U I is now the Con- stitution of Maryland. ]tut we do deny that these particular provisions in the Con- stitution, as well as the particular provis- ions in the act of '05, nre provisions which constitute any part of the Constitution and the law, because when each was adopted there stood and now stands in the Constitu- tion of the United States a positive prohi- bition against the exercise of any such pow- er, whether by the people in convention or by Legislature, under nny Constitution which that people may have adopted. The question" before your Honors is uno purely of constitutional law. Does Ihe Constitu- tion of the United htiite.i prohibit the en- actment by the Legislature of the act of 1803? Jf it docs, then there was nopower at nil. Nor do we question the right of Maryland to call for a registration of voters. My brother n-ema to suppose the case before you to fall within the jurisdiction pronounced upon the act nf a registry law pecu- liar to the city of Baltimore. ]Jut there was nothing in that law which it was not within the, power of the Legislature to leg- islate upon. The only doubt about the va- lidity of that law was' that it was local in its operation. It placed the voter in ]Jalti- mnre upon a different fooling from the voter in the rnst of the Stale, nnd was therefore siffiposrd tt> be obnoxious to some particular principle in the .State Constitution. If the J'egistcrs have no discrcliou, be- cause they have no authority to impose this oalh because of the rcslratnts of the tntiun of I he United St.ilof, their nbligatioi is to register, notwithstanding the failure to take the oath. Wherever there is n right for which there is no specific legal remedy except by then that remedy is open to the parly. If your Honors shall conic to the conclu- sion that there is no such right claim, because the Constitution and the law in the particulars in question arc alike valid, nnd that the law must lake its course, I do not think i can ho mistaken in saying that pucli a law as thin would not be stilTcrcd much longer to endure, and 1 state it with no wish that any resort'to force should be adopted by those upon whom it operates. God for- bid iliat iliu hiilids of Marylnlidcrs should ever IK- raised in hostility as against each other. 1 look to a peaceful solution nf it; but if that solution cannot be obtained by and through the judicial department of the Government, if it cannot be obtained ihrotigh the Legislature, the people, in their majesty, will have the right to decide that the ends of Government, so far ns ibn is concerned have failed, and that all other means having been resorted to without success, they resor to the inherent right of changing a Govern ment which leads to such n result, and cf l.iblishing one which shall be free in fuel a well ns free in name. Tho sons of our rev- olutionary heroes have enough of tho pa triotie blood which animated them and car ried them through the struggles of th Devolution, never to submit, in slavish obc dicncc, to u law or a Constitution whic subjects them to the government, of a niise rable minority. Our National Debt. The New York Jfemmtite Journal says Statistics are useful in correcting errone- ous estimates, reducing extravagant views, ind properly guiding the aims (if statesmen ind the transactions nf merchants. Morc- >ver. they serve tn present vividly to the nind a true conception of things which are ess well understood and appreciated when ecu through the misty veil of mere theory. Sometimes the rcMilta appal, and sometimes hey nmusc. It is probable that nosulject vill more peculiarly mingle a little of both grave and the imitation which the calculating prodigy, Ir. .lames 1'air, has made of the National Jebt of tliu United .States. Its actual total monstrous enough when mentioned in jarc figures, at the round sum of -1000 mil- ions. 1'ut let us sec what it will look like u tangible.Fubstanec. A silver dollar measures 11 inches in di- meter. Hence 8 dollars. laid side by side, lake 1 foot, 24 one yard, and an Juglinh mile. The circumference of the lobe is miles, and therefore dollars laid in one line would girdle i. even this enormous sum, being less lian one quarter part of ourdebt. the whole mount of the latter would encircle it ybur 'mm, and overlap by miles. Now estimating the weight of n silver ollar at one onnce, sixteen of them would lake a pound, and reckoning pounds o the ton, the entire debt vroulil weigh 00 and therefore 12A ship? of ins each would be required to forward it y water. Again, allowing 2 tons for the burthen f u heavy hageage wagon, wagons vouhl lio needed lo convey this monstrous idebtedness, in silver. Ivow an elliptical ircle formed of these wagons alone ranged cngthwiie with their teams would enclose He three cities of Xeiv York, Albany and Still another interesting gnago of this uge amount. Were it possible for a man o count (JO dollars per minute nnd continue o work ftcadily'without intermission for ten ottra of each ilay for six days in the week, t would him years anil 40 days lo ompletc the computation by tingle silver ollars. Thus, it would employ men lore than one year. men one mouth, K1.8SO men otic day nf ten hours, and one of those hours to finish the jb. Let any sober citizen think of .more than he whole population of New York city in- iluditig men, women aud children, busy Counting silver at the rate of GO dollars per niuute, and so engaged without cessation 'or the space of one hour, nnd he will see oinc similitude of the Debt in coin risctan- ;ibly before him. How TO uo do j'ott begin o do good so far off? This is a ruling at Ihe centre and work oul- vard. If you do not love your wife, do not jretend lo such love for the people of the you let some family grudge, ome peccadilo, some undesirable gesture, our your visage toward a sister or daugh- er, pray cease totcacbbenilicenceonalarge cale. not at the nextdoor, btttwith- n your own with your nextiieigh- r, witii rclalivc. servant, superior. Ac- the man you meet the man you are n bless. Give him such things as you have, low can I make him or her happier? This s the question. If a dollar will do it gjve he dollar. If advice will do it give advice. !f a look, a Btnilc. or a warm pressure of the land, or tear, will do it, give the look, hand, or tear. never forget that the happiness of our world is n mountain )f golden and that it is your part to cast some contributory r.tom every moment. Tnc I'tv.u. is not a little, remarkable that the predicted burning :if the world, and tlic circumstances attcnd- ng it, as foretold in Scripture, arc. both natural and have a strict coincidence with scientific probability. It is computed by French astronomers that more than fixed stars have disappeared within" the laal three centuries. La Place fays that one of these stars, situated in the northern hemis- phere g'ne the most indisputable evidence of having been consumed. It was so bright i tn be visible to the naked eye at mid-day firel of dazzling white, then reddinh ycllotr, and lastly of nil ashy pale color. The con- flagration and was visible, sixteen months, when the star-forever disappeared. the Tower of Babel, says Galignani, still exist, and are vic'Jjlc from n very great distance. .Kach fide of Ihe quadrangular basin measures two hun- dred in length, and the brick? of which it is arc of the purer! white clay, with a very slight brownish tint. The bricks before baking were covered with characters traced in a clear and regular style. The bitumen which served for ce- ment was derived from n fountain which Hoiva with abundance that it soon forms a stream, and would invade the neighboring river did not the natives from time to time set tire to the stream of bitumen. A young man wns fined twenty dollars tl other day for kissing a pretty girl when fh didn't want him tn! It often coats a man a great deal more for kissing one when she docs wnuthim to. Nothing was GO much dreaded, ir, our schoolboy" days, ta to ba punished by Bitting between two girls. Ah! tho force of educa- tion.. In after years we submit tojuch things fl-itunut cbfjmlinf! s 'ear. fST A Wisconsin editor says he loves to be called a liar, robber, murderer, assassin, secessionist, killer, trai- tor, A.C'., as such things only add to the list of his friends, mid that lie will p.iy from ten lo fifteen cents a line for all such abuse, from those who have no better arguments to use. A young lady in St. Louis by tho name of Mary Ann Hainan, died Wcdntsdiy week from the use of arsenic, which ?hc had-taken lo improve tier com- plcxioa. Gens. Grant and Sherman. The following interesting letters, with in- troiluction, arc from advance sheets of Col. S. M. llowuian's "History of Sherman anil his r On the 4th of March, at Nashville, Ma- jor-Ueneral Grant received telegraphic or- ders to report in person at Congress had passed an act authorit'tng the appointment of a lieutenant-general to com- mand the armies of the United States, and the President had nominated Gen. Graotfor the appointment. Before starting on his journey Grant seized his pen, and in the very moment of his greatest elevation, filled with generosity toward those others to whosa exertions he modestly chose' to ascribe hU own deserved reward, hastily wrote these touching lines: "Drtu SHERMAN: Tho bill reviving the grade of the lieutenant-general in th: army, has become a taw, and my name has been sent to the Senate for the place.. I now re- ceive ordera to report to Washington imme- diately in person, which indicates a confir- mation, or a likelihood of I start in the morning to comply with the or- der. Whilst I have been suc- cessful iu this war, in at lent gaining tbo confidence of the public, no one feels more than I boir much of thu success is due to' tho energy, skill, and the harmonious put- ting forth of that energy and skill, of those' whom it lias been my good fortune to bavo occupying subordinate positions under me. There arc many officers to whom the rc- marka arc applicable lo a greater or less de- gree, proportionate to their ability ta sol- diers but what I want is to express my thanks to you and Mcl'hcrson, as the men to whom, nboTc nil others, I fuel indebted for whatever I have had of oucccea. How far your advice and assistance hare been of help to me, you know. How far your execution of whatever has been given you to dp entitles you to the reward.I am re- ceiving, you cannot know as well as I. I feel all the gratitude this letter would ci- pro's, giving it the most Battering construc- tion. The word you I use in plural, intend- ing it for Mcl'hcrson also. 1 should writer lo him, and will some but starting in' the morning. I do not'know that I will find time just now. "Kmr Major-Gcucral. OCSKUiL SltEBMAS's REPLY. Sherman received thij letter near Mem- phis on the 10th of immediately' v i GENERAL: I have your more than kind aud characteristic letter of the 4th. in- stant. I will send a copy to General Me; t'herson at once. You do yourself injustice and us too much honor in assigning to us too large a share of the merits which 'have led to your advancement. I know you ap- prove the friendship I have ever professed to you, and permit me to continue, as'hcro- tofore, to manifest it on all proper occasions.1 You arc now legitimate suc- cessor, and occupy a position of ajmost dan- gerous elevation; but if you can continue; as heretofore, to be yourself, simple, honest; and unpretending, you will enjoy through life the respect nnd love of friends and tha homage of millions of human beings, .that will award you a large share in securing to them and their descendants a government of. law and stability. I repeat, you do General Mcl'hcrson nnd myself too much honor: At Belmont you manifested your neither of 113 being near.1 At also, you illustrated your whole -character. I was not near, and General McPherson in too subordinate a capacity to influence you. Until you bad won-Donclson, I confess I was almost cowed by the terrible array of anarchial elements that presented themselves at every point; but-that admitted a ray of' light I have followed since. I believe you arc as brave, patriotic, just as the great prototype, unselfish, tind hearted, and. honest as a man should but the chief characteristic is tho simple faith in success you have always manifested; which I can liken into nothing else tban the faith.a Christian has in the Saviour..- This faith gave vou victory at Shilob. burg. Also, when you have completed your preparations, you go into battle without hesitation, as at no reserves; and I tell you, it was this that made us act with confidence. I- kncwj wherever I was, that you thought of me) and if I _got in a tight place you would help me out, if alive. My only point of doubts was in your knowledge of grand strategy; and of books of science nnd but, I confess, your common sense seems to have supplied all these. Now as to the future. Don't stay in Washington. Come, west; take to yourself the whole Mississippi val- ley. Let us make it dead I tell you the Atlantic slopes aud Pacific shores will follow its desliny, as euro as the limbs of a tree live or die with the main We have dona much, but still much re- Time and time's influences ns. We could almost afford to sit stiil iud let' Ihcsa influences work. Here lies '.Iho seat of the coming empire nn'd, from'the AVcst, when our task is wo short work of Charleston and .'Richmond, and the impoverished 'coast of the Atlantic. '.Tour sincere W; T. i Major-General. A MILLER bis neighbor tho charge of Mealing wheat from but'bcing unable'lo substantiate the" by proof, tho'court'adinoged NEWSPAPER! rWSPAPER!