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  • Publication Name: Alleganian
  • Location: Cumberland, Maryland
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  • Years Available: 1845 - 1939
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Alleganian (Newspaper) - April 26, 1865, Cumberland, Maryland -j VOLUME 1; APRIL EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING. on Mechanic Street, ncnr tho 1 1 NttUoual HOUBO. TERMS 01' SUI5SCKTPTION TWO DOLL HIT irulil) m uilnnrc Vi taken lar u ptnod iliai months ot or-y- Hie- Circuit Him JAh SMITH Uric of the Circuit MOP. IthsLlA KtLl.lcr of GfcO. W. I It UA.SIL T. 0 VP.I Male's. -I5I-.0 A. TIIUCSTOX. J.Ute I'FIICY, A M. L UUfaU. KLUUI KUIESD, JOHN' HELL J. II PT J I, TOVNSIII-SP. Tat P. L TOW NSI1E.VD. Clerk tu Commissioners JACOB CH A3. C. SHR1VER CO. U.K .V ItLlAIL DEVLnnS iv DIIUGS, CIIKMIC PAT-VPS, OILS LAWS nnil HW UOODS, lT.IlFUMEBV.iiniU Corner of linltimore nnd JUcunme strats Junu H, v ia M. SOIIhEY'S OFFJCT3, SIDK OF vn.r.s' CBFPK, WILLIAM ATTOnHJJY AT LAW? cuvaEiiLjyti, MD. VTcst oHV'iiU rmk, m Hie Itoonis known in the Ollli e ol Hie lute 1 lioin is Jnnilnrj 11, 1803_____________________ it LI: ravin: .t co, DRUGGISTS CHEMISTS, On VMmoTc, J tVirfre JOIIX K. BUCK, I'niioMercr and Taper Kaiigor> Anil Dealer in Wall Paper, Blinds, Curtains, ctc.j etc. Hallo, street, n few doors abort. Post- Olhte. M. M. la Dnkr in W1XKS, LIQUORS, ISIONS, FISH, CIIEHSG, TOIIACCO, CIGAItS, ic DuHimoro oppo-lte .1 M. li Ilnsti's Toti 10 u> siure, CunilM.rliuit, Md. M.IJ 10, HUMBniD i, LONG; Hardware, Iron, Steel, fntlcry, etc., llajruilrr t old stand, corner Baltimore uiiil Jle- clmnic THI m Boots, lints, Caps, Trunks, He.. McKulg 3 btorr lilntk, 1! illiiroa itrn.1 WILLIAAt lUnufncinrtr of TiOj Copper, and Sheet-Iron Ware. irooks Hlock, near the brulyc, liilliinore II.U.1: SWARTXWELDEU, Dc-xkr in Books, Stationcrj and Fancj Goods, Under Bdvulera Hull, llnlliniorc s'rat. OOXDEH, Ocnkr in tteadf-made Clotliinr, Collars, Cr.-nats, SHinTS, IHUWfcUS, rrc, Rnltiinoni street, opuoMtc tlic SAMUEL UEIDELUEUGEI'.. MERCHANT TAILOR, AXD CLOT II I Ml Caltiniort strc-t, near I'lililii. Sinnrc A.'P. STICI'IinilD, Duller in Dry G'oods, CarprMnj, JlcKcig's 1 Slnrj Itlocl., Billo KBLBNBECK A. JOHNSON, Pciilcw ill lfalches, Silrcr and PLATED etc, Scit rtoor to Post-Office, lliiltiraorc strwl. f AM And DnScf m BATS SOLDIERS HOODS Knltiinnrc efrrcl, opposite tire Posl-OflUe. JOHX JUSTICE OP TiiS mr Riltinrer- sln-ct, the Publn. S inure. Restaurant and Saloon, OrSTEIlSrnna "Iff J J 01 liauil. Walsh's Jllocfc, Rnltimort slrreK. tiEXT, SADDLER and JTARXESSM.IREK. ftechanlc Jtrjecl, iv few doors' north of llalttmorc. INfddles, Bridles, Collars 'r' Whips, Harness, etc., Kept constantly cm linud unit are oDlrril for file M Uu lowest prices; LOUIS _ __ FASB1ONABZ.E Barber, ad JTITBS all who'norf Jerrlccj In hisllufcjn 1 at Shop, erf1 1ft sear itore PRESIDENT JOHNSON, v AMU.LV, JUIIASOS, wlio, by tip JeatU of Aralum Lincoln, lus jiiicucdud to the Pres- iJtncy of tlio Utiitol States, was liorn iu lla- lelgli, X. Caroltua. in Like his la- mented pri.tleco.wr, he is emphatically n f-Hii-ilit man His father lost hia life tth'ui the t-on was fuiir j ears of ago, from Lhu clTecia of uccrtioiia to save a drofftiiug frund, and his mother, being left m poor "as unable to afford young educational facilities. Ho bccauiL apprentice f a l.iilur at !i h of ngcr, and uliite serving in thLi capacity, hy Imrd ap- iL ition, .acquirid the rudiments of an Kn- glu-h educition His mind 'first nroBs- cd in that direction hy hearing readings from a volume of epeechis, bj a. gefltletnah who h ihitually fUited tho where he nl work. He tool, up tho alphabet, without an and then, procur- ing from the journc) mtn, irld '.he ;cutlenuu reiiling had aroused hia facultK.', (md who tin illy undo him j pro- of the anlf some hour" of the night phahtd the ground-work of after know ledge. In 1S2 1 he went to T.aurcns Court-IIougej South Curolinii, working there as a journey nmn till 1S2G, when ho returned to lla- Icigh.itidafterEouie months, set outforTen- wirrjing with him his mother, who on him for support. Ileiras now about nineteen of .ige IIu set- tled tt flrLChnllc, TanneVee, still working his trade, where he bubceqilcntly1 nnrried an iutelligi.1t under whose guidance he in idu further nnd npid progress in his Ambitious, in dustnouS and ener- getic, -oon entered public life, and em- bracing the tenets of the democratic party, wis elected by lint orglttiziion to thu po'-itionx of .ilderman, ma} Or, State legislature, governor, member of tlic United States IIou-c of Representatives, and United plates Senator. Uc wis always in these po- regarded as a decided democrat in pbhttes, nnd of his course on public meas- we gather the following summary from Savage's sketches ofoiir representative men. "Mr. .Tohuson was a etcady opponent of a Unitocl Suites Uiiik, of internal ilrlprovc- mcnU by the Tcilond Government and of a. t irifT. In Congress he support- ed the annexation of Texas, the Jlexican wir, thu tariff of 18-10, the homestead bill, (of he one of the an economical ntlmiufctraiion 'of the crntucnt, the coinpromi-c mcisuresoflSSO, and al'o sctud with tltc Southern Senators on Kin'ns-Xebraaka question. opposed the doetrinps of the "Know Nothing' 1'lrtj and the democratic theorj of tiie of rccit measures on the part of the general government, op- po-ed (he Pacific railroid project and river and harbor improvements. lie always re- girded the dissolution of the Union ns an impossibility, and held tint, slavery had its foundation and would find its perpetuity in the Fniou, and the Union its continuance iu uon-mtcrfercnec witli erj One ol his arguments in favor of the annexation ol Texas was tlmtit would "prote td ho the gilt-way out of which the nble Sons ol Africa arc to from bondngc fofreca6m, and become merpcd in a population ,congc- ni il with ihcinsch ea." lit uhemcnity op- ami his MCWS and publife PinciJ (he outbreak of the rebelliod arc well k'nown." Tt was during flic1 Second session of the Thlrtj-Seicnth tint Jlr. Joh became' so prominent in lliii connection. Tn three e speeches, in reply 16 lead- ing ?outhern Senators, he argued tho falfsi- cj of the doctriuo of secession. tho d iy of the fiml itiljonrnntcnt of that Coa- grcss, lie boldly availed tho sentiment then rife and the on foot, in a sneceh from which we1 quota M reported in (hu ollicial debates in the Globe: I TVOS iulcrruptod, Mr Prcfi- dciif, I WGS making a general allusion to treason, ns dcGncd in the Constitution 6f the Unitctl Stntcl. nnd to those who ore traitors and guiTfy of (reason witirin (he scope and mcnning of the liw and the Constitution proposition was tint if thcy_would Bh me who- were guilty of tho olTe-iices I have cnumcrafed, 1 wotfld' fltan wfio Vfcro the tnitoifl Tiat done, wcro I Iho of Unitctf Stiles, t would do 'aSllioriiaa JcObrson didlrflSOC Vitn" Jta- Ijfarr, who was charged t wouhl1 have tnom-nrruitcd nnd tried for treason, anu, j if com ictcd, ly tlic tternai God, they shmthl svffcr tfie jfMty of llie ?nw' at tht limiits tf (he. Treason must be punish'cd, atid tho cxtcnl and depth' of the oflcnse be mzdc i .TOienJn of '_I8G2, Nwfell _was" captured by our forccp, Mrri JobMwyj [ben slill lloldiug his scat is a Senator from Ttiuuesscu, accepted the position as military governor of the State. In tlic meantime, liu was nominated by llie republican nation- al convention jn 18C4 for Viec Tresidcal on the -tiekct with Mr. Lincoln; h'tit, after the election, continued to discharge the duties of hia military up to the date of his inauguration as Vice bn the 4th of March Inht San. Speech of President Jolmson. In Washington, on the 18th of April, a number of the eitizens of the State of Ill- inois, waited upon JOIINSOS, idcnt of tile United States. OciLLfiiiv, of Illinois, presented the delega- tion, and addressed the President us follows: Jlr. taka much pleasure in presenting to jou thin delegation of citizens of the Stale cf Illinois', representing almost every portion of the State. AVe are drawn together m this city by the I'iburnful ex cuts of the past fuw d tya, to c tome forcible expression to the feeling we, in common Tith the whole nation, realize as pressing us to tho c irth, by appropri-ito and respectful ceremonies. We thought il not iinppropri- atc before we shall separate, even in this sad hour, to seek this interview with 3ourcx- cclleiidy, that n-lnlc tho bleeding heart is pouring out its mournful anguish over the denth of our beloved late President, the idol of our State and the pride of the whole cSun- try, we may eiraeflljr express to jou, flic liung dead of this nation, our deliberate, fnll and abiding confidence in you as the one who, in thia dirk llolir, must bear upon }oursolf the mighty responsibility of main- taining, de-feuding and directing its affairs'. In the midst of this sadness, through the oppressive gloom that surrounds us, we look to you and" to a bright future for our coun- try The of the President of the United States deeply depresses and seri- ously aggravates the entire nation, btlt un- der our blessed Constitution it docs hot dc- hy or for any great length of time retard its progress; decs not for un instant disorgan- ize or threaten its destruction. Thb record of your whole past to us all the splendor of your recent gigantic efforts to stay the hand of treason and assassination, nnd restore the flag to the uttermost bounds of the llcpnbhe, assure thdt Loblc State Arc represent, and, wo believe, tlic people of the United Slates, that we may safely trust its destinies in jour and to this end we come, in the name of the State of Illinois, and, wo confidently believe, fully anfl faith- fully csjiftssing iho wishes of our people, to present nnd pledge to jou the cordial, earnest and unremitting purpose of our State to give to your administration the strong sup- port we huve heretofore gi'-ctt to the1 admin- istration of our lamented lite President, the policy of which re have heretofore, 3o now, and fihill continue to endorse, i The President said: hive listened with pro- found attention to'tl'e kiud words you hive addressed Id me. The of this large del- egation tome through jou, sir, these words of encouragement, I had nolan- ticipitcd. In the midst of the siddcmng circiirniianccswhicl: Surround us and the im- mense responsibility thrown upon me, an ex- pression of the confidence of individuals, and Btilr more, of an influential body like that before me, representing a great common wealth, cheers and .strengthens my hcdviiy burthcucd mind. I am at a loss for to respond, in an hour like this of deepest Sorrow, were it possible to embody iu words tho feeling of my bosom, I could not com- mand my lips to ultcr thcai. Pcfhipa the best reply I could make, and the iftc most readily appropriitc to your kind assurance of confidence, would bu to reecho them in silence. The throbbinps of my heart since the sad cilastroplie which has appalled the country, cannot be reduced' to words, and oppressed ss t am by tho new and great responsibility which has devolved upon witu grief, I can with difficulty respond fo you at all. But I cannot such expressions of tho confidence reposed: in mo by the peo- ple to pass withoct acknowledgement. To an imnvlrluil like myself, who has never claimed much, but who hia, it is true, re- ceived from a generous people many marks of trust anfl honor for it long time, an oc- dnSioh fiko (his', and a' raanifcsblTon of put- Tic feeling FO well-timed, and peculiarly ac- from the people myself eicry pulse, as" 6ba with the" popular heart, finds an immediate nmrvcr in my By many men in public fife subh occasion- are often considered merely formal. To me titof rfro words of countenance and onconragameni sinS dtcf in1 my n ami were I even a coward J could but gath- strength to carry out my con- victions of right v Thus feeling, I shall enter upon the dis- charge of my great duty, firmly and stcad- 'aatly, if not with the signs! tt- iillity exhibited by my predecessor, which is still fresh in our sorrowing minds; need I repeat that no heart feels more sensibly than mine this great affliction In what I say on this occasion I shall in- dulge in no petty spirit of feeling cf revenge But we have beheld a notable evcut in the history of mankind. In tho midst of the American people, where every citizen is taught to obey law and observe the rules of biihblian conduct, our Chief Magia- (rrilo, the beloved of all hearts, his been as- sassin'itcd, and when we trace this crime to its caiisc, when wo remcnibcr the source whence the assassin dfcff hia inspiration, and then look at the result, we stand yet more astounded at this most Ikrbarous, most diabolical assassination Such a crime as the murder of a1 great anil good nmn, honored and respected, the be- loved and the hope of the people, springs not alone from a solitary individual of ever so desperate wickedness. We can trace its courses through steps, wiihoutmy enumerating them Jicrc, back to the source which is the spring of all our woes. Ko one can say that if tlic perpetrator of this fiendish act be arrested he should ritit undergo ihe extremist penalty the law knows for crime None will say thai mercy should interpose IJut is he alono guilty Here, gentlemen, you1 perhaps expect me to present some indication of my future policy Ode thing I will say, every era teaches ilS lessou The times we Itvb In are riot without instruc- tion. The American people must be taught they do not already feel, that Ircaton it u crime and must IxjiunMtil [ApjilaSsd J That thoGovernmentwiii not always bear with its enemies. That it is strong not only to protect, but to punish. [Applause] When tfe turn the criminal code and cxnminn the catalogue of crime we there find arsoh laid down is a crime with ill appropriate penalty. We there find Iheft and robbery and murder given as crimes, and there, too, we find the last aud highest of son. [Applause.] Witfc other and inferior offenses our people arc familiar, but in our ptfnccful history treason has been almost un- known The people must understand that it is the blackest of crimes, and will be sure- ly ptiuisW. [Applause.] I make this al- lusion not to excite tho already exasperated feeling of the public, but to point out principles of public justice wliich should guide our action it this particular juncture, and which accord with sound public morals. Let it be engraven upon' every heart that is crime and traitors should suffer its pchalty. [Applause While we are appalled and overwhelmed ai the fall of one man in our midst b} the hand of a traitor, shall we allow, I care not what wcipons, io attempt the life of the State with impunity 7 White we strain our to comprehend the enormity of the as- sassination, shall we allow the nation to be as- sassinated [Applause I epcali in no spirit of unltimlncss. I Icive the events of the future to be disposed of as thy arise. Regarding myself as the humble instrument of the American1 people, in this, as in all things, justice and judgment shall be determined by them. I do not harbor bitter or revengeful feelings towards any. In general terms, I would say that public mor- als should bo established upon the sure and infallablc principle of justice [Applause.] When the question Of exorcising mefcy comes before iro, il will be considered calm- ly and jutlietally, remembering tint I am Eieifrlh e of the nation. I know that men to bale their names spoken of in con- nection with acts of mercy, and how easy it is to yield io this impulse" Hot we must not forget that whit may be mercy (o the indiv idual H cruelty to the State. [Applause.] In toe exercise of mercy there eliould be nd doubt left that fliis high prerogative is not cjcd io rcficte a fuw at tho expense of the many. assured I shall never forget thai I am not to consult my own feelings alone, but to give an account to the whole people. Ift? rcg-M to my fcttrre coterse, 1 tfirt nnw make no pledges I have been connected somewhat actively with pub- lic affairs, and to the history of my piat pub- He acts, Tihich is familiar to you, I refer those principles which hive governed! me heretofore and will guide me hereafter. Irr general, I will I have long labored for tho amelioration and elevation of the great mass of mankind. My opinionS si to the natnroof hate long been chtnEJjed; find constituted a' I am, ic is now (bo late irr life for mo to change them1. I believe that thta government was made for man, not man for government.- [Applause.] This struggle of the pcoplo ngainst thn most gigantic rebellion that the world ever gair has demonstrated! that theattacbnicnt of the people to their government is the strong- est national defence human wisdom cari de: [Applause.] So long as each man 'eels that the interests of the government tire his interest; so long as tho public heart :ums in the right direction and the people understand and appreciate the theory of our government, and love liberty, our constittt- tion will be transmitted unimpaired. If :ho time ever comes when th'e pcoplo shall fail it, the government will fail aiid ire shall cease to be one of the nations of the earth. After having preserved our form of free government, and shown to main- tain its existence through tub' vicissitudes of nearly a century, it may be that it was ne- cessary fur us to pass through but or- deal of intestine strife to prove that this government will riot perish _ from' internal weakness, but will cvc? stand able to defend itself from all ib'ca, and punish treason [.Applause.] In (he dealings of nil inSctutable Provi- derice, and by tUe' operations of the Consti- tution, I have been thrown unexpectedly in- to thin position My past life, and especial- ly my course during the present unholy re- bellion, is before you I have no principle to retract. I 3cfy any one to point to any of my public acts at variance with the fixed principles which have guided me through life. I I have no profession to offer. Professions and promises will be worth nothing at this time. No one can foresee the circumstances that will hereafter arise. Had any man gifted with prescience, four years ago utter- ed and written dUwn iri advance the events of Uie'jertod, IlJe story would more marvellous than aiiylUing in life Ara- bian Nights.__I stall not aileih'pl id aifti-" oipato the future. As evetfto occur; rfnoVit becomes necessary ftfr mo to1 act; I shall dis- pose of c.lth as it arises, deferring any de- claration or message until it can be written paragraph b} paragraph, in the light Of e- vcnts as they transpire. The President Having concluded drcas, tiie members of the delegation were then severally introduced (o him by Gover- nor Oglesby. Directly aflct tlic delegation' from Illinois retired, the President received a.large num- ber of delegates of the Christian Commission temporarily residing in Washington. The Itcv. Mr. Borden, of Albany, delivered {a brief but impressive fiddress, saying that the) rccogmral linn as called, in the Prov- idence of God, to have rulu over the nation. In the pasl public service of the President they had their foundation of hope for the fu- ture, and now they loolced on the face of bis predecessor, whose sad death had moved tho country to tears, they believe (frit God had sent him, as" MoSe3, {a lead the people, and his successor, as Joshua, to give them a land of promise, and that the administra- tion of justice and mercy would everywhere follow (ho success of oarrirnrf. Their pray- er waJ for an enduring peace and all tho blessings of frco_ government. The President replied that such were his feelings, in consequence of tbe lato afflicting events, that he could not'respond in appro- priate terms. Perhaps the best reply would bo eilence. Ho however acknowledged his thatiks for (be kiud sentiments expressed Although he might fail, he would promise that he would undertake the performance ol the grave and responsible duties devolving upon him with all the zeal of an honcsl heart. He had knowledge of and appreci- ated the offices of the Christian Commission. He always had an abiding faith in the peo- ple, and Icbfecd Sit tho Government as based upon the principle of human rights. The nation's mission is not yet complete. It is in our hands. TClicrr we look at tho country's cohditiorf il gave a complete con- tradiction to Ilia assumption of our enemies. In the treason and rebellion we find that we vfitl friumpli at Although we have had civil war fiaJ covered the land with gloom, and while tho wiolo coun- try were rejoicing over-tho triumph of the struggle, there has been an assassination, tho most att'rocious nn'd dia'bolical tho world has ever witTOBcd. While the nation was jub- ilant, the Chief Magistrate wis strictcn down like a star from its sphere, ainJ an in- hiatus wajiraled in tho gov- ernment. In' France, for instance, under similar cir- there would bare been1 scenes of, anarchy; but not eo here, where the gov- ernment is founded otf justice and TTe havo developed tbe great truth that it in rfrong enough whil suppressing" aft public disorders within our widely extending limits'. He WM'BO rian, .He claimed-a. clmrily "co-extensive with ihf lidminr family. 'ITohclmveCf.'fri be language of an1 arch' of "promise (nth its ends renting dri I gloij is ftefi irfiU acts more 'ession, aad good deeds-never escapeTtfMg-1 nitlofi. T-1 lie then repeated] his sci'tiinciJts' regard- ing his future public course similar Io.those' addressed to the Illinois'delegation] ''saying thit 'Me time come when' intetttgent! men like those before Km sb6uld exert their morai indiience Sri erecting 'a which'everybody Bnould be'tadgwlb1 He': lieve that treason' td the-iar. and that the tne cbaplab) of the' United StateS Army, being- who offered prayer at tie on For t Majbc Anderson moved his commandiffoifl followed tbe reading from liTcf the people yj yj fwf The raising "df'ttfeott irjirtfoVGihy era! Aridersdri was'the grahjm'eVand'-wheriHcj plaffcrin', tEeWfitof ble, and be waa'for some iflo'tfenbtiMble-tc'- proceed with KB rdnaVkl, "My friehaS-aSd tber (tinai ment'of tbe here to fulfill tbe cheriahedLwinh bf jny belrtT through four years_of to its proper place this dear 'flag' which 1 r r r w j i ed bcfote this cracl lived to gee this to be here to perforoUhui try. My bearfis'f' that God wKoHSs'fc' litla given ,-nji blesslit3 itn-yvuwtmiumafiHK- jiay al'ltlie world "ijlorf ti Go in the highest, rind tov wards man." [Voices: Amen! At tie cohauBion ofh'ij remVrkl the halyards, and with1 firm and steadMrali" aided by Sergeaffl ous old bafinor, amtd oRha. assemblage. General'Andersonj.andjiSerra geant Hart then nagiwifcK-mn AVer- green wreath attached, the occttphott Jip'Vt'S-' stage all joining" in 'ifoW than there was one was an inspiring moment-gtiuidasJsubliflo never to be experienced again1: Ocn. Anderson couliJjfftn ffifnculty re- strain bis jmd-wbibtdom'e shouted themselves hoarse; ctifofswepi andiembrie- cdlito children wh'cri the flag "L''" height, with d wroitK of The vast multitude continued ments to gaie at 'ita fluttering Mdci J choerq had not Babsidcd7'whefi lfer one ntfndrcd gftns was" Jloiiltne andUaticry lice.'oa land, on Morri Fort Johnson, on James apicuomr lit the inanguration of TlVc national airs weft aisojjaj by the wl'pJe audiencd jmtSitg; ing effect truly Atf address by i er, flie' a_beficdfi tie j IP ITE halbd oi Trre SAVIOR X4n'Hia Lord, in tba days of bis various clawos of cnemieg, tfcjfe ever included V jtft, the sei Jgve'jlMu his they, as has- often bien' A? lir, C _ woman her ijhtAS iitih womin be WMDfant SPAPLRl ;