Alexandria Daily Gazette Commercial And Political in Alexandria, Virginia 12 Sep 1812
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Alexandria Daily Gazette Commercial And Political (Newspaper) - September 12, 1812, Alexandria, Virginia
4mkunma daily flab Are. Commercial & political. Printed and published by Samuel Snowden Royal Street Alexandria. Matty 9ud�i Button. Country Gazette 5 Dollan. _ if. ? saturday september 12. Saturday Reading. Religious reflections on the capture of general Hull and the North Western Armyo every believer in the doctrine of divine Providence will agree that the capture of our army is not an Accident or Chance that it happened under the inspection and with the permission of the supreme ruler of the uni verse but though ail christians will agree that there is some providential design in the i event great diversity of opinion will no doubt j be entertained respecting that design and the j ends to be accomplished by it. We May reasonably conclude that persons equally pious will View the subject in different Points of la it and draw different inferences acco diag to the difference of their situations interests and places of residence. The Canadian the citizen of the United states the promoter and the opposer of the War will each Hac his Peculiar opinion the facts appear to be thus Gen. Hull one of the officers of the revolution had been appointed governor of the Michigan territory by president Jeffer son he had been continued in that station until lie was advanced to the chief command of the army of the North West by the present i v then be r i resumed Tui Yuwu Tuvim j # the government had Opportunity to obtain Evi Dence of his capacity and integrity on which 1 to ground their Confidence and to exculpate them from blame in making the appointment much less can blame attach to any Man. O set of men not in the Confidence of the govern ment. _ of the enemy we can Only say u there is policy in War. The capture effected with Little or no bloodshed appears to have been equally unforeseen and unexpected by the administration of course unavoidable. He ther it shall be demonstrated by subsequent evidence to have been the effect of treachery or of cowardice or of mismanagement on the part of the commander in chief or of Supe rior skill on the part of the enemy it is still to the mind of a Christian an act of Providence the Only difficulty with him is to reconcile that Providence with the Wisdom uni goodness of the deity. Let us assume this position. E have no business in Canada unless it is to Scourge k be scourged to punish and be punished the Canadian is a judicial dispensation. On this position the bloodless capture of the fit St regular professed invading army acting under n declaration of our Psi be War by the u. States is in perfect unison with providential dispensations of a similar nature. The same causes and maans in the hands of Providence pro Duce effects almost As diverse As the human dispositions upon which they act. The opposite inferences which Good men draw from the same facts result from partial views did they contemplate the " Hole subject they would probably judge nearly alike. Is not the capture of this army which had first passed the Bounds of our country another in stance of the Long suffering and forbearance of god to us Ward ? is it nut a solemn warn ing to this nation of the danger and calamity which May befall it in wars of foreign con Nuest ? does not the merciful Fainer of the � spirits of ail flesh say in this event Ameri cans i am Choice of your bid View the sur Render of your air by which you sent too has tily into a neighbouring country As a new proof of my kind regard and Good will. Rut if you Are obstinately Bent on a War of foreign j Conquest this very circumstance calculated j to operate As a warning on considerate min is this circumstance which to the Eye of pie to exhibits so Clear a proof of my goodness will Rouse your Pride your resentment oui revenge and a of the rage of the warlike Pas j felons to a . 11 War you will have i thus blow the flame it can Only be extinguished in blood reflections on the primary services which the celestial luminaries were divinely appointed to Render to Max ind. T Divide Day from night 2. To he for signs j for seasons \ 4 for Days 5. Hoi years. Gen. 1 Xiv. I to divided a from night. 1 his is effectually performed by the Sun Jar Home Light constitutes Day. 2. Tube for distinguish menu recollections to bring to remembrance in Short to form epochs from Whu i to begin reckoning to wards which to direct reckoning in the course j of Ages. Accordingly we find that nations which Hay not the use of letters consequently have no Register yet observe very acc i ii Tejyu courses of the in a a Moon and arc rarely mis Akensin their observations on the stations aspects pc of those heavenly bodies. 3. To he for seasons Lite Atli for appoint . This idea includes in it that of a meeting. A prefixed meeting of two or More pecs my a meeting when the Sun rises i when the Sven declines when the fun is at its height and so we find it employed in latter Ages. By the the time the Sun be hot be shall have help.9 the Moon however being of Shorter course than the Sun and n nightly varying in her circling orb. Affords much More effectual mean of fixing appointments and this probably was a Pait of her duty and among the earliest uses made of her Light and her course. This luminary then answered the purposes of some great clock which being universally seen and understood conveyed intelligence of the proper hour to every one who exercised the Oue at Tention. T 11 1 in mentioning Public appointments i Annoe principally to the seventh Day which was ordained As a time of sacred commemoration for observe How nearly the variegation of to Muon Are adopted to this service leaving Only a portion of hours when her slender Crescent just gilds the close of evening with its mild Lustre her figure is totally unlike j i what it is seven Days a stewards when Light a Shade Divide her Between them or when Al Ter another seven Days she rises in full spleen Dor her whole surface gradient with reflected Light and floods of glory burst on All the skies. 1 the effect of the next seven Days is striking Light and darkness have now changed their quarters 2sc. 4. For Days. This word in the plural form seems to mean somewhat More than a natural Day. Perhaps a month or More than us half year. 5. And for years. These heavenly bodies Are still used for calculating years. A remark or to arises from the foregoing statement. 1. That these periods of time were connected with and either did rugs late or were regulated by services of a Rel pious nature. They were therefore common to All Mankind known by All Mankind the concern of the whole human race. 2. That the anti 1 .1 l 1 a a a f 1 Uli u \ Sun Sitivi a ii Jui v v uni View i Wuu a dilating Lime than some have been willing to allow them. They had Days weeks months half years or seasons years. Those who have taken the anti Deluvia years for months in order to reduce the length of time in that Early age of the world have overlooked this decisive instance of the rudiments of Chrono logy which they possessed. 3. Ii these Hea Venly bodies were appointed officially to remind Mankind of the return of religious opportunities what shall we say of those Whon Ither heed these monitors nor any others but who re Frain their feet from the House of god and forget his worship in spite of the United voice of Wisdom of revelation and of nature ? for the Alexandria Gazette who shall be the next president ? in deciding a question of this momentous importance to the people of the u. States it is necessary to know the character of the Man who is the candidate. We have a sufficient knowledge of or. Madison s character and deem him entirely incapable of conducting the affairs of this nation too much like Jefferson he is fond of strange theories and novel expedients. Biest with Jefferson s prediction for peace and incongruous systems he has contrary to the usual conduct of that celebrated Man assumed the position of War. Without Money or soldiers he h is commenced an attack on a strongly f a Tifka country and in the Onset a whole american army has been Defeated Yea made prisoners of War. With this evidence before cur eyes of the total Inadequacy of or. Madison and his head officers to carry the nation successfully through this War can we think of re electing him ? every Man who has not lost his senses must feel ashamed that the fourth president of the u. States is destitute of thus talents necessary to bring the War to on Floc a h p when car i in. I with the previous knowledge of such imbecility must be totally regardless of the interests of his country. Or. Madison is then in every Point of View an unfit person to steer the vessel of state Over the tempestuous Ocean of War. In peace As he is the imitator of it per son so is he also the enemy of Commerce. He is the Friend of embargoes and restrictive sys tems of the Continental system of Bonaparte and All its fruits appendages. In peace he goes to War to please the Bloodthirsty Napoleon. War he cannot carry on because he wants the necessary talents. Then who shall be the next president the democratic party is split. The contest lies Between Madison and Clinton. New York state seems disposed to ask for or. Clinton and gives decided and Able reasons for his election. The federalists As vet have not thought of a proper candidate for the presidency and it is supposed that their Bare influence would not be Able to effect that object. If the federalists cannot get in one of their own party they Are hound to vote for a Man who is the idol of that party which l As Good reasons to hate Madison and love Clinton. Madison is certainly unfit for the office he holds and can americans in whose veins flow the blood of an ancestry which accomplished the Independence of this country be induced to vote for him ? in peace and War of How unlike the great and godlike Washington 7 let the federalists examine the character and talents of or. Clinton let them first try if it he possible to have a federalist for the i next president. If that cannot be done let them then weigh the propriety of choosing the Man who is pointed out by the populous and important state of now York As fit for the chief magistracy of the nation. The Fate of this election i All important to the Ameri can destiny. If Madison continues to Rule Over us we have to calculate on disunion for he and his party seem disposed to push matters to the worst & regardless of naught will Burl us into All the evils of civil War. Or. Clinton Vve Are informed will preserve us from that and As the state of new York holds the balance in her hands for Tranquility Sake j we ought to indulge her. This is probably the last time that the american people will have it in their Power to exercise their free Suffrages therefore let them be diligent and wide awake. The prayer of every Good Man is that the next president of the United states May be Able by Superior Wisdom and virtue to save us trom disunion and All the horrible evils arising therefrom. 1 hat president ought not to be Madison. 1 therefore those who have the Good of their country at heart will never think of supporting him. Federalists if they cannot elect one from their own party will be induced by every rational and honorable feeling to vote for or. Clinton. A citizen. For the Alexandria Gazette. Agricola no. Iii. Having Shewn that neither the Liberty or Independence of our country is implicated in the causes of this War. I proceed to Oring ii to new the reasoning of those in Congress who voted against it and Here let me rental a that the Calm and solid argument the extended views and accurate contained in the address of the minority will not Loose their Force from the bold assertions and impudent sophistry of a hired executive scrib Bler or the malevolent effusions of party Toast makers they lament in the first place and it is certainly to be lamented that de parting from the accustomed usage of nations have not been favored by Congress with the causes for which this War has been dec Lur eel. Had this Deen done our enemies ii gum have known what it would have been required of them to do should peace be their object and the people Here would have been informed of the probable termination of their Dis tresses. Did the administration wish by a voiding any definite ground to leave them selves at Liberty to shift their demands so As never to be met and thereby continue the War As Long As French rapacity might require it ? the repeal of the of dvrs in Council will soon give us an Opportunity of judging of this ? they were left us weave to seek the objects of the War in the message of the president Ai d the report of the committee of foreign re lations to the Home of representatives. The prominent grounds there stated arc in j pressment of seamen paper blockades and the \ orders in Council. Upon the subject of in j pressment of seamen they remark that Ever since the United states have been a nation this subject has been a matter of co print i and negotiation and every former administration have treated it according to its Obi j Ous nature Sis a subject rather for arrange j ment than for War. It existed in the time of i Washington yet this lather of his count v re commended no such resort. It existed in the time of Adams yet notwithstanding the Zeal in support of our maritime rights which distinguished his administration War was never suggested by him As the remedy. During the eight years or. Jefferson stood at the Helm of affairs it still continued a subject of Nugo citation and controversy but it was never made a cause of War. It was reserved for the present administration to press this topic to the extreme and most dreadful resort of nations although England had officially disa vowed the right of impressment As it respects native citizens and an arrangement might Well be made consistent with the fair pretensions of such As Are naturalized and they maintain that before the calamities of War in vindication of such a principle be incurred 11 the Means of negotiation should be exhausted and that also every practicable attempt should he made to regulate the exercise of inc right of our Flag to protect the Mariner sailing under it in merchant vessels so that the acknowledged injury resulting to other nations should be checked if not prevented. They Are clearly of opinion that the peace of this Happy and rising Community should not he a Baudone for the Sake of to cover French property or to employ British seamen i have Shewn in a previous paper that this was Clearl the sentiments of or. Madison himself when he supported in the Virginia Assembly the resolutions of or. Taylor declaring although they Felt indignant at the impressment of our seamen yet they should deplore and deprecate a War for any other cause than defence in repelling invasion. And let me ask you my fellow citizens do you think it right or proper that foreigners Leav ing a country which their vices their evil Dis positions or even their oppressions had caused them to abandon should be warranted in fomenting Here even unto blood the angry passions against the country they have left or should voluntarily engage in pursuits which tend to jeopardise the peace of Che peo ple who have afforded them an Asylum con tent with the enjoyment of Protection of Liber see Colvins review of the address which commences with a dictum As Well calculated for the government of Turkey As our or f see the Toast Given at Gen. Smiths feast. It is Only wonderful that such stuff should have attracted any notice but contempt. To and Prosperity in the bosom of the of Cicta they should receive the Blessing with thankfulness and be silent such however Zuj not been the Case with our imported of our fellow citizens. Great Britan i asserted but always denied the wish to 1 native american but they asserted the Fri t fusing their own subject in the defence of Tui country and considered the employment of them by others As unfriendly and unrighteous i so do All the nations of Europe. This w / known to these people who sought shelter of our Shore and they ought to have avoided state of things that in Haz arding their safely went to destroy the peace of those they wished to live among. Bonaparte has by Fulti i edict declared that every Frenchman who shall be found in a country at enmity with France shall be considered As a traitor and punished As such. What would our imported patriots say to such a declaration on the part of g. Britain. If we agree with the and i dress in these sentiments How much More strongly shall we be satisfied that this Lis i More a subject for negotiation than War when we attend to the facts that go to Shew the willingness of great Britain to enter Ufton Fuir % and honorable Means Jor its adjustment or. Madison in his letter to messes. M on Ujj Roc and Pinkney dated 31 february 1307, Ulics these expressions4k i take it for granted you have not failed to make clue use of tiie arrangement concerted by or King with lord Hawkesbury. In the year u01, for settling question of impressment. On that Octal a and under that administration the Brill h Jilin i Ile was fairly renounced in favor of the right of our fug lord Hawkesbury having a greed to prohibit Imire sements on the High seas. And lord St. Vincents requiring nothing than an exception of the narrow seas in cd. ? caption resting on the absolute claim of great Britain to some Peculiar Dominion Over them. 44 Here then we have a full acknowledgement that great Britain was willing to renounce the right of impressment on the High seas in favor of our Flag that she is anxious to arrange the subject. 44 it further appears that the British minis try called for an interview with messes. Mon Roe and Pinkney on this topic that they stated the nature of the claim the Kings prerogative that they had consulted the Crown offi cers and Board of admiralty who All concurred in sentiment that under the Circum stances of the nation the relinquishment of the right that is of impressing their seamen on Board merchant ships in the name seas was a measure which the government could not adopt without taking upon itself a responsibility which no ministry would be willing to meet however pressing the exigency might i e they offered however on the part of g. 11 Britain to pass Laws making it penal for British commanders to impress Aive rican seamen on Board of american vessels on the High seas if America would pass a Law making it penal for the officers of the United slates to Grant certificates of citizenship to British subjects. This will be found in the same documents in a letter from messes. Monroe and Pinkney to or. Madison dated 11th november 18. 6 under their peremptory instructions this pro position on the part of great Britain Roud not be acceded to by our ministers. Such however was the temper and anxiety of eng land and such tie Candor and Good St be of our ministers that an honorable and advantageous arrangement did Lake place i he authority of or. Monroe then minister at the court of great Blain now Secretary of state and one of the present administration have recommended War with England and As signed impressment As a cause supports the undersigned in asserting that it was Hormah c and advantageous for in a letter from r j. Stu ref Fps Marv. 1s 3, to or. Madison the following expressions arc used by or. Monroe. I have on the a nut by always believed and still do believe to let the ground on which that interest impress mint was placed by the paper of the by. Uis commissioners of the 8th of nov Emott 18c i need hardly Here name Duane Binns or Irvine whose conduct upon the Nita ii o inc Baltimore mob shews what americans it expect from such adopted Brethren. T the president upon the subject of in c impressment of it itch Subj acts f ? a go o in such cases would the Sci Zuie of Utis subjects be regarded As within the of a belligerent right the acknowledge an of War which forbid an article of cd a property to be adjudged without a regular investigation before a competent t ? would imperiously demand the a inst in Al when the sacred rights of person Sci at Issue. In place of such a Trub thu rights Are subject to the will of even l f commander. If sue it he the arks a of Laws of War How has it happened that president has been so very Lamb Ike m censures of the burning Ntuli sinking � vessels on the Ocean by French p ? Manders where the sacred rights of pro pc. Were at Issue. The National intelligencer has Hgt cd arc d they were willing to meet great k in accommodating this subject Jolt a n upon the principles of messes. Morn a Pinkney s arrangement this ceases o to be a cause of War. I
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