Alden Times (Newspaper) - June 20, 1890, Alden, Iowa
Ste Alden Si
mo* p»oriMio»At DEAL-KHA IN moil WINOS.
(tarries with It a variety of phenomena wholly distinct from tho** that accompany tho I arear storm. Many of the effects of oaa tornado ara wholly *b**nt in othera.
amu ah a. a .-itt-ch iotm.m «•»,
I IO BB o'clerk a rn. Preaching arefy ay. feadav School at a a aa. svary
nasa* school a* a a aa. at J jet meeting teary Thursday st
mUUU* LUTHKRAN miTRCM-Bervie#* gary fahhath at lo to o eiottaa. Header •tool Immediately after morn la f aerrtoee
tOIUKR IU» J W Forsyth, Feater ess every Munday atli o'clock a rn and tip rn Claw rn mu nu et lo 'clock a rn tmhhath. Prayer meeting every Ta ceder •reday evenings
RADIANT LODGE, No MR. A. W RAM
ai meet in regular communication on the FTI-
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ALDIN LIBRARY AND RP.ADINO ROOM -la Baytaowdli gild log Open av err day and nawlas. Un ta ye moo ted Yearly an herr In .“t* * Tun J rreetdenl, ■wee Lottie Taylor, Becrvtory
ALD RN ISIDOR No .tag, I O. O F mw*m VSI. Wyda**d»y evanln* et Utley . Hall. Vittling brethren are non Wally tanked teat wad. R. it Jon—. Secretary.
ALDEN LO DQ &, No IU A. O D. W ,
' •*P*J*y a Hall Meg n ar meetings sec on “tet Ta—tar eventr.ee of each month.
metnliere et- c r.liellr Invited lo ak-0. Rogers, M W,,J. To ta ii neon. Rn
DIRKX) LODODR. No Ut. K of P - Meetings the ires awl third Ttieeday evenings of each month la Utley s Hail. Melting Knights a1-
Funny, C, C. F. R.
•ays welcome M J FtrflBv, K. of H sad H
IVA BH J. FT" RHT,
g Atternmr awd Coe nee lev at Law.
attention given to fS'lJartioaa. OII ca Utter S Bro*a a fftura. Aldan. Hardin
•p P FRISH! R M D
Fhydaiaa wad larisoa,
tow Office over Keating a Hard
T. J. HICK,'
BABBIE AND HIIffllBKSIB
I aaa sad Ntaaaahlp tickets. awd oaa brine gotir frteada or arad thou Aiwan ready to •Wa tafRnaattoa. T. J. BICK. Aldan, la.
J. A. BUTTON,
•finn Point, Beal Me, loaf
LNMI RA N'CTE AGENT.
^ Farm loaaa negoUn'ad ob loaf or abort Roma at low ratae of Interest.
A large Ital of improved and unimproved
> fiat sate.
Whet Ie a Tornado. Anyway* reline by Which lh# Devastating Aerial Won.ter Hay Me IMeUngulehed Dam a Cynlewa Nome KVireorvtlaary KITec-te the Wind May (‘reduce.
KO PLK who have never wen a tornado .or a cyclone have vary little Idea what wind can do. It la hard to conceive the amount of fores that I* ss* pended, and the rn ulnar in which It acta ta little understood.
There ara two varl-atlaa of powerful wind atorae, the cyclone and the tornado. The 'former Ie a revolving Storm, traveling about i„„, _ a canter o* low bar
ometer. where there la absolute .aim. the greatest force of the wind being found at the edge of tbla circle of quiet The area of influence may ba from one hundred to seven hundred rn I lee In diameter, and ae a rule the smaller tbs diameter the greater the wtnd'e velocity.
The tornado Is a local dlaturhanca. often a< cnmpAnytng in th# Interior the prog re*. of a cyclone, sometimes Ute track of the tornado I* limited to a raw hundred foet. and It rarely ha* a width of half a mile.
The cyolone carrier with It a velocity of aa much ae KO to HO miles an bour. It sends a certain amount of warning ahead of it* track, and the acceleration of th# wind s speed at any given point la gradual.
The tornado falls almon t without notice. cr rather the Indications are often no similar to fhoae of an ordinary thunderstorm that Only a .killed and careful observer can <leteet the difference ‘The circular motion of a tornado la be lleved to produce an aureately low pressure in the center.* said Prof. Beau, of the United states Signal Service, la a recent lecture before the Chicago Academy of Sciences. Tor Instance, where the barometer re git-tare thirty Inches on the outer edge of a tornado, it la prcffiabiy not over twenty Inches In the cantar, with th# barometer
tornado a track, but also at some distance from It. In the ruined houeee all th* Iron work wa* found to have been strongly rn agnat!Md. so that poker*, flatiron* and other mate: object* were found adhering lo Men oilier. Juwt off th* tornado * track the aaa* affect, were noticed, and several
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I arson* atperlenced eharp clectri ai .hecks urtng Ute pa..age of the storm After ward It was found that the magnetic influ
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at thirty tach** the pressure la about J.OOO T. •• foot; whore the
ameter la at twenty Inches the pressure u i.JXi pounds to th# square foot. Tho difference between the atmospheric pres-sure ia the center and the outer edge of a tornado la. therefore 6m |ounds to the square foot, so that when oae of these atmospheric terrors passee oyer a house there Is an effort of the air Inside th* boos* to squalls* tbs pressure. The consequence Is that there Is a pressure something like alt hundred pounds to every square foot °* *he house, and It goes to pieces with a crash.
It is on this theory of different pressures that observers account for such phenomena a* finding -ticks driven through trees, houses turned upside down, and teams lifted Into the air. "There have been •aas*, said Lieut. Beall, "where a tornado has literally picked every feather from chickens, peeled the wool from sheep, and plucked geese.*
It I* uo little satisfaction to learn that Chicago Is not likely to suffer from tornadoes The reason for this Ie that few cases are known where a great tornado has been destructive to cities situated on the west bank of a large body of wat r. as the World's Pair city I*.
I he phenomena and effect* of cyclone* In th* West Indies have long been subjects of Study and observation. As tne center approaches a ship sh" Is assaulted by wind of a terrible force and a *«* that is almo-t In-describable. Th* water no longer runs In waves of regular onward tnotloa. but leap-up In pyramids and peaks. The wind swirl-
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and tbs Indications that in on* case have been toll..Wed by a terrible disaster are not loire.(uentlv found at other times to presage merely s heavy thunder shower.
The freak* of a tornado are wholly unaccountable In some case* not sn object In its track will fail to feel its power fo. lo-ig distances: In other Instances It will seem to act Uke a cannon-ball that ploughs up the earth on striking, then rise* and strikes again leaving the space between untouched Sometime- It will go through a forest leveling the trees as though a gang of ax men had plied their tools on linos Ism out ny surveyors, nothing outside the track being touched; but again In similar wind falls there will be found occasional pockets -coredMn the forest growth jutting off th* right line, ilks small lagoons opening into a flowing stream. These .ism to have been caused by a sort of attendant whirlwind—a b**>F offspring from th* main monster whloh having sprung aw*y from the chief disturbance, scoops a hole in tha woods and then aspires or rejoins the original movement.
I have seen one of the moat violent and so to speak, compressed of thee storms cut a road through thick woods so that at a distance ta* edges stood out aa , lear and sharp against the sky as would those of a railway cutting through earth. Trees standing at the Mice of the track hail their branches clean .wept on one side. while on the other mere was no perceptible disturb anc* of the foliate.
HornetIrno* the tornado acta Uke an enormous scoop, catching up every movable thing and sweeping It miles awav; and •gam It becomes a depositor, as lf, tired of carrying so much duad weigh*. It dumped it upon th# earth preparatory t . grabbing up a new cargo. These effect* ar* particularly Bot losable In the tornado that goes by jump*. When It strike* and absorbs maaa of debrta ft seems to spring up again Ilk* a projectile that grants the surface. for a -pace there will be verv high wind and some damage, but no such disaster a# the tornado has previously wrought. Out of th# cloud* will come occasion*! heavy missiles and deluges of water. Then down goes tha tornado again, crashing ana scattering by its own force and adding to Its destructive power by a battery of timbers and other objects brought along (rom IU previous Impact. ltelicv*d of these maase*.
It again gathers up miscellaneous movables and repeats It- previous operation.
The force with which these objects strlks I* best seen when thev fall outside of tne tornado's path, since the Work done by the in not than di*turbt*i by tho g<*naral destructive force of the storm. Thus, near Racine. Win. I have knows an ordinary fence rail. sUgntly sharpened on one end. to tie driven against a young tree like a spear and pierce It several feet Tne velocity of th* rail must have be-n something enormous, or otherwise the rail would have glanced from such a round and elastic Object.
Many of the settlers In th« tornado districts of Hou tile rn Minnesota. Iowa. Kansas, and Nebraska. excavate a deep cellar beneath their house* and cover ft with heavy timbers aa a place of refuge for their families when a tornado threatens to strike them. While thee# dugouts are usually effective, they are not always so. There have been Instances where families havinr only time to descend, an J not time enough to alose the frnp-door. have been exposed to the storm's full fury by the tornado getting Into the opening and lifting off the whole roof, after having drat swept sway
anoa wasso strong that clocks and war,-ho* "•r« «topp»* l ana rendered wholly us«ii»ea.
Th# scooting action of the g.rmvdo sometime* make- considerable ffhantfta In tha
topography ef th* country, as when It gathers up th* water of a large pond or water course and makes a new pond or open* a new chun*! At Wallingford. Conn.. the water In t pond of very large site wae taken bodily from Its bed. carried up shill and droppe | nearly In one mass, so that guide* and ravines were cut In every direction
Many are ti.* alone- told of the way In which objects arc carried away hy the wind and left la strange place-. In one Illinois tornado two children and an Infant were caught up The dead bodies of the two children were found only stew hundred f«ot distant, but the infant wa* picked up alive m r» than a mil* away from the * pot where th" torn ado swept the child up An accordion that must have come a long distance—tm It was never cl* mod—wa* found so entangled in the branches of a tree that It was aitornstclv pulled apar' and pressed together by the wind. ( resting such weird on I uncanny mud during a whole night that an already sufficiently scared settlement of negro*- were kept In a -tat* of frantic dismay until dairlight revested tba cause In Boother cM* * farmer who followed the tornados track In search of missing cattle was astonished to discover one of his cow- standing about twenty feet above the ground in the branches of a half felled mapte.
tlon. In na* Corner of th* ruin. completely sheltered hy the beam- and boarding. which had farmed an arch above It. -at a chubby Id-months-old baby. It wa* cov-
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-red with duat and hammed In on every side. but not a hair of Its tittle head wa* injured When the searcher* uncovered It the pudgy face broke Into a merry laugh and the little hands dr pped th# chip- of timber they had been [daring with and were extended to the rescuers.
A meteorologist In the employ of the i ruled S'ate- Signal Service was asked re-
Seeds & CeA
deny and SMI
Picot mf TAA Mtary,
rinware A Woodenware
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A KA' K WITH A TO »* A OO.
"I aller- knew that wa- an active heifer." ho remarked, sa he came la sight OI her standing ereot on tbs slanting trunk, "but I never allowed sh > could climb a tree."
Where a tornado passes over a considerable (tody of water It takes the familiar form known ae a waterspout. Tnat is. It
Ftrrn tad Town Property
FOB RAU AMD BOR
BANK OF ALDM.
■mr. MUSALL * SOE,
AMIS N#min County, tows.
EXCHANGE BOUGHT tm BOLO.
ObBmUbm malta a NpoclaiU ■OffiEf ♦ IdMm hi Bam! flBtBtuh
Cement and Lime.
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sweeps up a moas of water that g >•*- whirling over the surface with tremendous writhing- and gyration-. Just slier the close of toe war I was lying in 'he ( hee*. Make In a sloop, of-war. A boat heavily laden with a swimming party had been allowed to go ashore, and ju-t aa It was returning a terrible cloud cam* down one of th* -mall creaks at a he! ht apparently of only a few hundred feet. As It reached the open bav * leadea-colored. snalve-llke column sprang up to meet the cloud, and came twisting and squirming straight for th* host. * The latter wae so crowded that only a few oars could be pulled, and there seemed no escape for the men uniesa they could reach the -hip
Unfortunately not a gun rn th* battery wa* loaded and we could not opea th* rn ag-a ta* aud load on* before th* waterspout w<> .Id be upon ha It was. of course question- 'ie what would be the fate of the snip I tee 11 if th* waterspout struck us. but I don't think that idea occur red to any or*. ss) eivgrced were we in the fat# of our shipmate- ta the boat. Two boat*' crews were call >1 awat to be ready to lower (astr boat* the usual the spout should peas, in order to pick up th* asea who we e act
• wept 'n viola rh* mea at th* oar* [Hilled with th* vairs* of despair but loaded deeply aud clo-tty crowded they mad* slow pro*re**.
Just baler* reaching th* boat the watei
• pout made a pac ut ar whirl outward to ward tho shin. a. lf to atake astate of ratting off the) > a* ape. an t i*..u they sun shut out of »ig it la-i tally dove weak both cutter* lute th* • atar. aa I then -sew* were ut th*et us I guuvg »•» Iowa.J th . •*eatar •( -Ae st, eau. mater* the Ukiah aetat had Ole* od »g Than te a*. *.**« relief
tutmm-. Um*$ nim* Urn t*a.ty -at I god Ut out the glee ut *>*. t ma* .Leached -ad evhaaetsd bs the eat vow* strate but OU««WI** ta.* th- Waterepoet bs lls sud tea g IM ethos Wend the Ahu* hat .VMV minced the boa. had lh -agh deafly ;xcUl** agt ta- .'te -a ll- aah a th**
oently lf * cyclone had over bean photographed.
"Never. I believe." he replied, "although It possibly could Im done. With a tornado th* ■•*** I- different. The latter is a comparatively limited affair, although It hoi tremendous power compress*.! in ti* narrow mnncL A tornado * track will sometimes be not more than a quarter of a mile wide. while a cyclone takes in a mu<*h lar-ger territory, frequently many miles. Both are generated by the Intermingling of oold and warm air current*, and both have the same rotary motion. The gyration* of the tornado may lie distinguished a considerable distance off from the actual scene of disturbance Tornado** almost Invariably follow In the track of a severe storm, and go in a northeasterly direction. Their vc. loclty varies from M to possibly at high ae 150 rn I let an hour.
The premonitions of a cyclone are a fresh breeze setting in from the south, with a sultry atmosphere and bonking clouds to the north or northwest. Thee.) indications are acc.m pan led by a gradual fall of the barometer, much more decided, but leu Midden, then In the caive ol a tornado. When fairly started the cyclone will travel Immense distances, sometimes over 1.000 miles. Its rotary motion I* similar to that of tho tornado, out leu concentrated, owing to it* wider expanse. It* line of progress I- marked by carves, -bowing « swaying movement where It ha* encountered conflicting conditions ami either overcome or avoided them. A peculiarity of all great cyclonic storms is that. while the storm itself may be traveling at th# -low rate of ten or twelve mile* an hour, the wind mar Im rushing ahead at a velocity of IOO in bean hour.
No cyclone or tornado ever Imginc earlier than 'J o clock in the afternoon. The at mosphorie condition! are never pr***at before that hour. Nor will a cyclone eyer originate later than sundown, .should on* come after that you m*v -et It down ae* visitor that has traveled ever since afternoon. end which will ke*p on traveling until the sup pl v of material Is exhausted. In
SM, (midst ai OUT OM Us
ALDO, IOWA FALLS, "WjB*, AHD CHICAGO, HILWAUKn AHD ALL EASTERS FOISTS.
Passengers Can Save
HODES TO S
CHICAGO AHO POUTS OI THIS UN
THIS SHORT ROUTE.
ELDORA JUHCTIOH wits the u. and Northwestern Railway for City. Cedar Rapids, Clinton, CL~.
Milwaukee, Des Moines. Council Rt^ ,
St. Paul. Mianaapolia and all po Inks la Dakota, Nebrnaka, Kansas and the Wfd^ntlt
ELDORA with the Central IowcBmacd Ic way for pointe North and 8or-*such an set;*
IOWA PALLS with Uke B..Umlli*ri»Propos and Illinois Central Railways,'I*/ navsrtheiui loo. Dubuque, Fort Dodge affidcr power, i City ~
For all lnforaUog Passenger Rates,
or address th* th ---
■sager Agent at Eldora. Iowa
>ration about fnWtt '0»*»• te. apply to apriocaJTOpfc** i DeneraJ FMftt ead^E* bot
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