Albuquerque Journal (Newspaper) - June 16, 1974, Albuquerque, New MexicoWorld Session "on Oceans Opens Thursday i ij i-i Ko lilt** to spp claims Iii NEW BREED: Teri Snider, 24, Cleveland, is among the new breed of letter carriers who work for the U.S. Postal Service and sport short skirts and light blue blouses. Teri delivers mail in the suburban Ohio town of Lakewood. (UPI Telephoto Cottrell Believes Kleinhenz Fails to Listen to the People City Council Dist. 9 candidate Marion Cottrell Saturday charged his opponent, Frank Kleinhenz with not listening to the people and said the city needs IOO to 150 more police officers in the next two years. “Explosive growth and random sprawl of Albuquerque have caused numerous problems in providing adequate city services, but few services are more affected than police,” Cottrell said. “Although my opponent as well as numerous city officials and candidates take pride in the fact we have the median number of police officers for a city this size, they have not considered the land area of Albuquerque. “Sprawl compounds the problem — consider that Albuquerque has almost twice the land area of Philadelphia and only one-fifth of the population,” Cottrell said. “One of the most frequent criticisms of our police department in Dist. 9 is the slowness in answering calls and the lack of routine patrol in many areas. “The Crime Study Commission which my opponent chairs, like so many other study groups, has not been listening to the people as to the needs of the neighborhoods. He recommended a six-point program to provide adequate neighborhood security including adding IOO to 150 police officers in the next two years, continuing to improve salaries and training opportunities, providing routine patrol in areas that are not now patrolled, establishing police substations in the east and north parts of the city, taking a cautious approach to expanding the city limits and integrating all aspects of city services into planning. CARACAS (UPI) - The biggest international meeting in history convenes Thursday when 5000 delegates from 151 nations debate ownership of the oceans and their vast resources at the 3rd United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea. The 10-week session, aimed at harmonizing centuries-old sea laws with recent national claims to the enormous biological and mineral wealth of the seas and the threat of widespread pollution, will generally align the United States and the Soviet Union against the rest of the world. WASHINGTON and Moscow and other major maritime powers will seek to block encroachment on freedom of navigation and fishing by a group of Third World countries, supported by China, who want to extend their jurisdiction over sea resources to 200 miles offshore. A third group of nations, composed of landlocked countries and those with narrow coastlines, will propose an intermediate position between the 12-mile offshore limit favored by the major sea powers and the 20<kmile proposal. The Caracas conference will be the third attempt since 1958 to forge a new set of laws governing the seas, which comprise 70 per cent of the planet. The 1958 meeting produced only ambiguous results and the 1960 conference failed entirely. Most observers are pessimistic on possibilities of agreement on many of the 25 items. They feel that the Caracas meeting will achieve the best only partial success and be the springboard for future conferences. “ANY AGREEMENT will depend on compromise,” one diplomat said, “but the voting blocs have taken hard-line stands in defending their claims.” Since 17th Century Dutch jurist Hugo Grotius drafted the first generally accepted laws of the sea, the broad view has encompassed almost absolute freedom of the high seas with national jurisdiction ranging from three to 12 miles. Following World War ll, however, with the United States in the lead, individual countries began to lay claim to the wealth of their continental platforms, usually extending well beyond the 12-mile mark. Additionally, with the impact of pollution from widespread industrialization threatening many areas, some countries — Canada being one — imposed restrictions on passage of ships through their waters. THE SEAS are now the source of 20 per cent of world oil output with many experts predicting that in the near future this production will reach as much as one-third or even half of global oil. The seas are believed to hold enough protein to feed billions as well as enormous untapped resources of vital metals and minerals. The major maritime powers fear that recent announcements by Indonesia and Malaysia of the possible closure of the strategic Malacca Straits as territorial and not international waters could spread to the world’s 114 straits, severely hampering sea trade on which the developed countries de pend. The United States and Soviet Union fishing fleets, as well as those of Japan and Norway, are major sources of income for their economies. IN ADDITION, superpowers want freedom of innocent passage for their freighters and tankers and elimination of any obstacles for the deployment of their warships. The coastal developing nations of Africa, Asia and Latin America are almost without exception opposed to the major maritime powers, seeking undisputed control over all resources — fish, oil and other minerals — in the 200-mile strips of their coast lines. Since claiming a 200-mile limit, Peru and Ecuador have been embroiled in a dispute with the United States over their seizure of San Diego-based fishing trawlers. Three Latin American countries, Venezuela, Mexico and Colombia, have proposed a “patrimonial sea.” under which free navigation and overflights as well as cable and pipeline-laying would be allowed in the 188-mile space beyond the 12-mile limit. However, these nations want exclusive rights over all sea resources. BOTH THE U.S. and Soviet Union have proposed giving the coastal states preferential rights to the resources, based on their technological capacity to exploit the m. The developing states, however, are largely unable to match the technical know-how of the major powers and are unwilling to allow them what they consider would be the lion’s share of benefits. John R. Stevenson, chief of the U.S. delegation to the conference, said Washington would propose the maintenance of the 12-mile limit with coastal nations having regulatory jurisdiction and preferential economic rights over fish which spawn inland, such as salmon Highly mtgara-tory fish,such as tuna, would be under international or regional control. “If the 200-mile territorial seas were accepted worldwide,, more than 30 per cent of our oceans would cease to be high seas and would be subject to coastal-state sovereignty,” he said. ALMOST 50 NATIONS with no coastlines or very narrow continental platforms would like to see the resources of the seas come under international control. They are opposed to the 200-mile extension since it would reduce the area that could eventually reap benefits for them under an international regime. This mixed bag of countries, including European nations with ancient cultures, the emerging states of Africa and even some of the oil-rich countries of the Middle East, would like to see claims limited to 40 miles. Under this view, an international seabed authority would grant licenses for limited periods for exploitation of sea resources in return for royalty payments for redistribution to the world community. 2 Lions Escape RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil < AP) — Two lions escaped from a circus in an Amazon basin village, and citizens spent a tense night on guard against the beasts. The lions were found in the morning and the circus owner lured them back to their cages with live chickens. MAGIDSON^ Now Loco tod In tho PLAZA HOTEL (formerly Downtown Milton) 2nd & COPPER NW Coffee Shop Open: 7 to 5 PM Mon. thru Prl.-$ot. 7 o.m. to 9 p.m. Sun. • o.m. to 7 p.m. El Seville Hours ll to 2 A 5 to 9 p.m. Mon. thru Frt. Closed Sot. A Sun. THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBUQUERQUE EVENING SCHOOL Summer Term ll • June 20 to July 18 Registration: Wednesday, June 19, Bldg. 602, Kirtland Air Force Base 12:00 noon -3:30 pm and 7:00 pm -9:00 pm COURSES Principles of Accounting ll Intermediate Accounting ll Advanced Accounting Personnel Management Introduction to Programming Principles of Economics ll Psy of the Exceptional Child Language Skills Romantic Spirit Rhetorical Forms Literary Forms Western Civilization ll US Since 1877 American Presidency Remedial Math Calculus ll Theory of Numbers Principles of Real Estate Demography and Ecology Elementary Spanish ll Public Speaking Intro to World Religions For further information, call the Dean. Evening & Extension Division, the University ol Albuquerque at 243-9461. ext 287.288 U. Workshop On Computers A workshop on small computers for small businesses will be held at the University of New Mexico June 24 to 26. “A lot of people simply don’t know the basics of getting started in the process of computerizing their business even though they want to,” said Dale Sparks of the UNM department of electrical engineering and computer science. Computerization gives the small businessman “faster response. That’s vitally important. For instance, he’d be able to walk right in and find out from the computer the financial status of the business,” Sparks said. Sparks will be one of three faculty members at the workshop. Also present will be Dr. Robert J. A. Lord, a professor of planning, control and information systems at Dartmouth College, and UNM business school professor Dr. Fred Newpeck. Application to attend this workshop cui be made by contacting the UNM business school. 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