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Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard Newspaper Archives Jan 29 1880, Page 1

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Albert Lea Freeborn County Standard (Newspaper) - January 29, 1880, Albert Lea, Minnesota 0ot i. Enterprise x established in 1857. Albert Lea Minnesota thursday january 29, 1880. Number 5. Business directory. Parker attorney at Law office Comer of Broadway arid College streets near the court House Albert Loo. Minn. To Eman lawyer. Land for Sale. Albert Lea Minnesota. Mos attorney at lava Cor. Clark Broadway Albert Lea Minn in Obert m. Palmer lawyer. Office Over Hederstad s store Albert Lea Minn bkos., 1 proprietors of City a Fiat line and dealers in hard and soft Coal Wood ice Etc. Office at j. W. Smith s store. T. D. Brown. D. K. P. Hibbs. H. D. Bbown co., Albert Lea does a banking business to u. S attorney at Law and collecting agent office on Ozark St., Albert Lea Nunn. Rpm her ran hides tallow 13. The Minnesota Cane growers association met yesterday Forenoon in one of the Halls of Ibe Market House at Minneapolis and or. C. F. Miller of Dundas read an essay on sugar machinery and apparatus for the farm. These topics were further discussed by Gen. Leda the United states commissioner of agriculture Hon. Seth l. Kenney president of the association Hon. Jared Benson or. Miller and others. During the recess and before the opening of the afternoon session the exhibition of Amber Oane Poi dots attracted the attention of hundreds of Visi tors. Prominent in the exhibition by reason of its Quantity but also worthy of attention by reason of its Quality was the sugar exhibit from or. Kenney s sugar works at Morristown. He had on exhibition five barrels of dry raw sugar with samples showing the varying results of differing conditions of production. The five barrels was All it was said from the Large tank into which most of his syrup of this year was run. The cry utilization is Beautiful and nearly uniform and this sugar would com Mand in any Market the highest Price of raw sugars. There was one Sample of eccentric results in a few pounds of dry hard Fine grained and nearly White sugar but the Large grained Amber coloured sugar which filled Lue barrels was most convincing of All. It completed the proof if anything were lacking that the Amber Cane is a True sugar Cane. The numerous other exhibitors ton Many to be named though showing Only Small samples made up an interesting and instructive exhibit. There were syrups of All degrees of density from Light to heavy and from transparent Bright coloured to opaque and almost Black while Mush or Granulating syrup was shown from that depositing a Small percentage of sugar to samples which appeared to be nearly All sugar. The dry sugar samples were also numerous and most of them very Fine in appearance and taste. A part of or. Kenney s sugar and several samples from other exhibitors were noticed in which the raw or vegetable taste was remarkably slight. The exhibitions represent several Points in Northwest Wisconsin and nearly All parts o Central and Southern Minnesota. Taken in connection with the Large attendance of Cane growers the great interest manifested they show that sugar Cane growing is already in important matter among the Farmers of the Northwest. In the afternoon session the first subject of discussion was the donation of seed the general testimony being in favor of exchanging seed every two or three years with i growers of about the latitude of St. Louie. J those who gave their experiences were a. J. A Hitney of Dodge Center Ditus Day of Farmington James Wiley of Long Lake and messes. Kenney and Miller. Or. Whiting with Amber Cane seed grown in Missouri and or. Day with seed grown in Kansas alongside of Cane from third and fourth years seed of Minnesota Hod noticed a Large difference in the size of the Cane and yield of syrup in favor of the Southern seed while the time of maturing was Only a few Days in favor of the Minnesota seed. Or. Day 8dvised planting a part Minnesota seed so As to have a longer season of cutting and grinding. Or. Wiley who claimed to have helped cultivate the first Amber Cane in Minnesota from seed brought from Indiana noticed a falling off in syrup in three years from 300 Gallons an acre to 125 Gallons while in 1878 his yield was brought up to 273 Gallons an acre by using fresh seed from Indiana. The seed from this resulted in 1879 in Only 223 Gallons an acre he consid ered the season a favourable one. Or. Kenney thought the first and second year s seed produced in Minnesota Good enough. Another grower whose name was not Given succeeded in demonstrating a prob ability that the decrease in Cane and strap yield from Minnesota seed results from carelessness in selecting earliest Ripe generally from poorest stalk growth being preferred been Rise of its color. But the association finally it Solval that Early Amber Cane seed throw ii in the latitude of St. Louis is the Best seed for planting in Minnesota for two years. J Tho question of soil and condition or soil Best adapted to Cane growing was irregularly discussed. Or. Day and others related re sults where Cane was grown on heavily manured fresh manured or naturally very Rich soil showing that there was a larger percentage and More obstinate admixture of a Saccharine substances in the juice be cause of the too Rich soil. The general opinion was expressed in the adoption of the follow ing Resolution lies tved that the Best soil on which to Plant the Amber Cane is Good Bandy Loam Well fertilized and drained but freshly manured. To Plant was next discussed by messes. Kenney Jared Benson of Asoka w. A. Sampson of Excelsior or. Wood of River Falls wis or. Levan of Excelsior or Kennedy of Minnesota City or. Wiley Jacob Hirsch Long Lake g. W. Farmer of Spring Valley or. Miller and Clinton Bozart of Clinton Falls Iowa. The general opinion appeared to be in favor of planting quite As Early As the ground is warmed and incidental to Tho discussion the manner of preparing the ground and planting was talked of. Or. Wood told of repeated instances in his experience where Volunteer Cane the seed of which had lain in the ground All Winter was largely in Advance of planted Cane Early in the next season. It was said that care frosted would recover and grow like Corn. Others thought there would he no advantage in planting before the ground is warm and growing weather has set in. Or. Hirsch would Plant on fresh slowed ground but most of the others favored fall blowing thorough harrowing in the Spring and except on Clayey soils or daring a wet spell that the Cano Hills should be pressed Down with the foot or rolled. Or. In Ozart Hod experimentally tested and compared fall and Spring blowing with results two to one in favor of fall blowing. The conclusion was As follows Joes Olucci that the Amber care should be planted As Early As it is possible to Cork the ground properly avoiding late frosts. How to cultivate. Col. Coloman of St. Louis epitomised his advice in the expression cultivate As you do or. Of Rampton of Hastings had 148 Gallons of syrup from half an acre of Cane. He planted shallow Hoed out the Early weeds cultivated with a shovel plow until the plants began to head after which he lot them alone they being entirely free from weeds. Or. Wiley had 223 Gal Lons of syrup to the acre from new Timber land Clearing and had Only had to pot in seven or eight Days to kill out the fire weeds from the 10 to 12 acres. He took a new Clearing for his Cane each year to save labor in fighting weeds. Col. Colemaan said the secret of Best Possi ble re ants was in keeping the Cane ground free of weeds on this account or. Day favored planting the same ground to Cane year after year and with others testified that the successive cropping to Cane does not in Jure the soil. Indeed the thorough cultivation appears to improve the soil. Or. Dyer of Hastings had used plaster on Amber Cane ground and it improved Tho Quantity and Quality of the syrup. He advocated thick planting even though the stalks Are Small in consequence. Or. Ward told of a yield of 150 Gallons of syrup to the acre without any cultivation whatever after planting. Or. Kenney told of 200 Gallons to the acre being produced on Upland knolls where wheat would not grow. Or. Wiley told of a neigh Bor of his having sowed four acres Broad cast with Cane seed which grew larger stalk and yielded 450 Gallons of syrup to the acre. Or. Ward exhibited a fair article of Melada from Cane raised on Hazel Brush land Iso Square rods of which yielded 250 Gallons of syrup. A difference of opinion waa developed As to the advisability of pulling or cutting the suckers. Col. Coleman thought it would t pay except when labor was cheap. The final and unanimous conclusion Ujj solved that Early Amber Cane Bould be thoroughly cultivated the same As Corn. Tite time to out Cane. Or. Kenney said if he had a Large crop he would begin to Cut when the seed was in the dough and would t get through any too soon. He had noticed that the syrup of the Early Cut Cane has the greatest tendency to form into sugar. In this latitude he would say begin to Cut about the 1st of september when the upper part of the seed head appears filled out and is beginning to change color when on squeezing the seeds a Little milk would come from some of them messes. Whiting Der and others agreed with him. Or. Nash of Hudson had begun cutting when the Cane was barely headed out. The syrup was dark but granulated nicely. When Tho seeds Are just in milk the syrup will make very Fine sugar but the Cane must be worked immediately riot later than Twenty four hours after cutting. There was some difference of opinion As to the Neces sity of stripping off the leaves but the majority opinion was in favor of stripping. It was mentioned that the seed Heads if allowed to go through the Discolour the syrup and prevent granulation. Or. Earl of Cedar Mills urged for Many reasons the use of Strong Mills which will take All the juice from both Cane and Leaf when he thought there would be no Harra in leaving the leaves on the stalks and incidentally gave an inter Esting account of his work for the indians of White Earth where Good syrup was produced from late planted Little cultivated and immature care. The Cane. Or. Hampton and others preferred to bundle the Cane tying at both ends. Or. Wiley did not handle but preferred to haul the Cane Loose in a dump cart. Or. Kenney explained Bis plan of cutting piling strip Ping Topping and bundling Cane. Incidental to this discussion it came out that the Mill men last season charged fifteen to Twenty cents a gallon for grinding Aad boiling and or Wiley advised that no one should grow Cane who does not raise enough to pay for having his own Mill Aud evaporators. A gain in Saccharine percentage of juice was spoken of As resulting from allowing the Cane to Lay with the leaves on until the leaves Are wilted but it was suggested that the percentage test was not conclusive because there was probably a loss of juice by evaporation. Cost of cultivation. Or. K. J. Wilcox of Kiver Falls submitted by letter his estimate of Cost per acre As Fol lows blowing 51.50 harrowing Etc., 50c seed 50c planting 50c hoeing twice 82.00 cultivating three times 51.50 stripping and tapping 83.00 cutting and tying si.50 interest on land 82.50 hauling to tons 8 loads l Miles total 818.75. Sri Oak of two teams or. Kenney asked or. Jolly of the Fari balt refinery to state the sugar Quality of 12 barrels of Melada from his Kenney s crop of 1877, when his care was piled 27 Days before working. Or. Jolly stated that he could Only give an approximate estimate. He should say there was not is i than per cent of sugar. The residue would a sugar but p. Merchantable article of strap. Culling the syrup barrel 50 Gallons and Tho weight of the syrup 11 pounds to the gallon the would be pounds to the barrel. Mint mob As to the care of Cane after cutting elicited an agreement that it was Best to pile it on rails or boards to admit the Nir under it. The Butts should not be exposed to the son. In grinding it was concluded Best to Ruu the Mill so As to crush about fifteen feet of Cane per minute. Faster there would be a loss of juice carried along by the motion with the bagasse. The Cane should be fed in Butts first to prevent clogging. It should be fed straight so a to keep an even Strain on the rollers. A adjournment was then had to p. M., at association Hall when commissioner dec is to deliver an address. From the St. Paul daily Globe Jen 24. At the morning session of the Cane grow ers association yesterday held in the City Council chamber of Minneapolis or. Earl of Meeker county speaking of Jere draft said that the application of the Cane juice enters Tho pan is a most important agent of purification. Or. Farmer of Fillmore said he had found that few masons understand the building of a fire Arch. Or. Wyman s experience made him of the same opinion. Or. Earl advised that the works should be located at an abrupt embankment at least ten feet High placing the Cane Mill on top and the works below and so planning the arrangement As to have the month of the Arch or Furnace face the prevailing winds of the boiling month which he believed were Gener ally Southwest. With Gool dry Wood a properly constructed Arch and sufficient stack there would be a Good draft. Or. Dickerson of Jordon recommended High smoke stacks considering Twenty feet none too High with dampers inserted. To used split and seasoned Basswood Aud pop Lar preferring Light Wood because he wanted n Blaze. Or. Whitney in his fifteen feet Arch used two Foet Wood split Basswood. Or. Kenney by diagram showed How he produced More perfect combustion by enlarging the Fine of his Arch in two places from four inches to twelve and ten inches. Or. Miller recommended wide Arches. Or. Dickinson said a half Sheet of no. 22 Iron makes none too Large a stack. Or. Farmer said the stack should have space of one half to two thirds the aggregate space of the openings through the fire grate. Evaro earing tans. The matter of cleaning the pans was brought up and the process of taking off the Scales by a Quick flame heat ing through rapidly when a dash of water causes the Scales to Blister and break was explained. Or. Kenney stated that he applied the flame by using a Long Fork to hold burning Straw under the pan. Or. Wiley recommended highly an evaporating pan designed by Joel Tubbs of his town claiming that one Man could attend two of them having much less labor of skimming than on other pans. Or. Miller described a plan to has adopted of saving labor in skimming with a Cook evaporator. He cuts Down the sides inserts on the Side where he leaves the most Cooling surface a narrow Beard inclining inward and on the other Side sets in an eight Inch Board flaring out. From boiling hardest on this Side the scum is lodged on the Board flaring out and is easily removed. He deprecated the use of pans which formed eddies or retained a part of the Semi syrup to be boiled again with that following it because they made the syrup Darker. Or. Be Van who uses common Sheet Iron Pana said the secret of Good Sirp is Cook ing All alike. He carefully cleaned his pans Between each Batch. Or. Dickenson who uses the Acme pan confirmed or. Wiley s recommendation of the Stubbs pan. He considered or. Miller s device improving the Cook evaporator to be better than the original invention. But Why he asked should Farmers pay for a pan when they can get a Good one for 8-Io. . Belched s Lettko. A letter to the association from George c. W. Belcher of St. Louis sugar chemist was read. Or. Belcher expresses himself very cautiously regarding the tests of Northern canes urging that they Are not Complete and reliable and his letter would be regarded As like a wet Blanket on the enthusiastic fire of those he addressed were it not that he qualifies his scientific caution by expressing in general terms his personal Confidence in the future of the Northern Cane Industry lbt tees Etc. At the opening of the afternoon session the committee on patents reported verbally against the association taking any action on the conflicting claims of patentees and manufacturers. A Resolution was passed recommending to care growers Coleman s i nral world of St Louis. D. W. Britton of Green Bay with samples of cooperage sent a letter recommending has Wood for Sirp barrels with red Oak for Wing Staves. His prices by car lots Are for Flo gallon barrels and 85c for 25 gallon barrels. A. D. Prindle of Darand wig., reported that Amber Cane yield in his Vicinity was from 100 to 240 Gallons of syrup to the acre and that the syrup is readily sold for con j sumption in the milage. Consolidation on motion of j. T. Grimes president of the state horticultural society it was voted that a committee be appointed to Confer with the horticultural society with a View to procuring legislative action authorizing the Union of the two associations and the print ing of the proceedings of the Cane growers meetings by the state As the horticultural society s proceedings Are now printed. Ditus Day John Nash and Samuel Nash were appointed the committee. Office Pis elected. The officers of the association for the ensuing year were then elected Kab follows president Seth. H. Kenney vice presi Dent do tvs Day Secretary and treasurer Myrnan Elliot executive committee George h. Fish of Sank Center we. H. Wood of Eiver Falls George Hampton of Hastings James a. Bull of Minneapolis and d. D. Dickenson of Jordan. Committee on topics for next meeting John Nash of Hudson c. F. Miller and g. W. Farmer n exhibits. The committee on exhibits reported upon samples of Melada syrup sugar and vinegar As follows or. Wood of Kiver Falls wis syrup defecated with in tall find Sal soda. Medium color Quality Good. O. K. Earl syrup worked with Acme pan medium color dense and medium Flavoured. N. H. Levno Excelsior Sirp Good Quality Light color made in common open Pun. Sugar Good color slightly acid. Casper Eberdt syrup. 1. Light color bin very acid. 2. Light color More dense somewhat acid. 3. Light color dense very acid. 4. Dark dense very acid. G. S. Gilbert Toman wis. Syrup quite acid fair color. D. D. Dickenson Jordan syrup Light very thin quite acid. No. 7. Defected syrup with excess of Lime quite acid. I no. 8. Syrup fair color Good body slightly acid. No. 9 vinegar from Amber Cane strap excellent Quality. No. 10 syrup from Illinois Dork color Good flavor free from acid. W. H. H. Jackson Melada very acid fair Sirp Good color quite acid. E. A. Thompson Melada very Light color very acid syrup Good color acid. No. 15 Sirp very Light quite acid rather thin. C. E. Macomber Maple Plain syrup Granulating Light color acid. New Ulm sugar company syrup rather dark but fair Quality. No. 20 syrup rather dark somewhat acid Good body. No. 21 syrup fair color sugar at Bot Tom somewhat acid. J. B. Clough syrup medium color quite acid. A. H. Fish Sauk Centre syrup very poor and dark color. G. W. Farmer Spring Valley Sirp fair color Good Quality defecated with Lime. N. H. Judkins Brooklyn Sirp fair col or very acid. John Wright Washington county one Sample of syrup fair color but very acid. Another from damaged Cane very dark col or poor Quality. H. S. Den Fiou three samples of syrup one Sample from second crop i air Quality. N. Henich Champlin syrup fair color fair Quality. John by. Nash Hudson wis., defecated Sirp color and Quality fail1. Five samples of sugar Good to excellent for Brown sugars. Or. Montgomery syrup color and Quality medium. G. B. Felson Waverly syrup Good qual Ity Light color very Little acid. Meladin Good Grain medium flavor. Seth 12. Kenney sugar pounds b Good marketable article. One Sample of very Fine Dyr washed in centrifugal. S. F. Wyman Waseca syrup Good color fail Quality rather acid. Mrs. Furman Long Lake syrup Good color fair Quality very acid. J. W. Groat Anoka Melada medium. One Sample of drained sugar fair. J. A. Bull Eichfield defecated Sirp of Good Quality. Mrs. Green of Gak Grove drained sugar fair Quality. From White Eart Koser vation graded fair. Clinton Bozarth Clinton Falls la drained sugar very Fine. C. F. Miller Dandas sugar Lively Brown. C. T. Graves Long Lake syrup made from Cano which Laid in i rows six weeks fair Quality. There were other samples perhaps Wor thy of note for special reasons Bat of which the committee had no information. Of pro dots. The following individual report of acre age and products were read. We. H. Wood Biver Falls wis., cultivated twelve acres syrup 2.200 Gallons aver age per acre 190 Gallons or ibs. A. Earl of Meeker county made syrup for the chippewas of White Earth. Cannot Tell the number of acres. Patches fro m a Rod Square to an acre were numerous. From the Best Patch i examined which i thought about equivalent to half an acre of Good Cane i made about eighty Gallons of Nice syrup. This was Best matured of any of their Cane. I made about Gallons on a Cook evaporator no. 7. G. H. Fish Sank Centre made Coo Gal Lons of Sirp. Cane was planted late season was wet and Cane not matured. C. Carwell Jordan planted sixty rods Cane. Made 90 Gallons of g. W. Farmer Spring Valley estimates his product at 155 Gallons of syrup per acre. J. Hinshaw Cedar Mills from five acres of Cane worked Green made 550 Gal Lons of Sirp. We. A Rutherford Stillwater worked seven acres made 900 Gallons of Sirp. L. D. Mills Garden City five acres 600 Gallons. A. J. Whiting made Gallons of Weirup averaging 1go Gallons to the acre. S. H. Kenney. Morristown made Gallons of syrup. From this have pounds of sugar. Worked Gallons for other people. From twelve acres of Cane which was Cut one month and four Days be fore grinding made Gallons of syrup. Custom Cane yielded 100 to 320 Gallons. Clinton Bozarth Cedar Falls Iowa worked fifty acres made Gallons of Sirp. The Cane was not thick enough on the ground was badly blown Down Aud did not average As Good As it should if a Good stand. W. H. A. Jackson Blooming Grove. Worked seven average yield 190 Gal Lons. C. F. Miller Dundas. Highest yield 320 Gallons per acre lowest yield sixty eight Gallons. D. D. Dickenson. Scott county. Estimated product of one township Gallons. Parker and Howe Plymouth. Made for themselves and neighbors Gallons. 3. F. Wyman Waseca. From 2-10 rods had 240 Gallons. Made 4go Gallons for oth ers. Estimate that there were some Gullons made in Waseca county. John Nash Hudson. Estimate for St. Croix county wis., 5.000 Gallons. W. H. Levan Excelsior. Made about 100 Gallons for self and neighbors. J Arnes Wiley Long Lake. Twelve acres Gallons. Chae. Graves same town. Fifteen acres Gallons. Estimated pro duct in Medina township Gallons. A ej1eez1" discussion. Daring the Forenoon or Mullen of Wabasha had asked whether Ibe Cane grow ers ought net to encourage Tho establish ment of refineries without being Able to Start the subject. Some one else now asked or. Wilhelm of the Faribault refinery what Rould be paid by refiners for Cane and j Sirp. The doctor said the Cane would be Worth to his establishment so to i i a Tou Aud they would pay for Sirvao 2 j to a to. A j gallon according to its Quality. J some one remarked that the boilers would charge 15 to a gallon for crushing and boiling and wanted to know where the Money would be in Sirp for the Cane grower. Or. Kenney said be had not said Tho boiling could not be done cheaper Only As he had land for raising care he did t care to grind and boil for others for less than 25c. A gallon. Or. A Helni said he could t ask a better business than j to have plenty of care to grind acid boil Down at Loc. It gallon. Or. Wiley said he bad contracted other party Furni Biog the word to Tako a neigh Bor s Cane from his Field Aud grind and boil for 12i cents a gallon of syrup. Col. Cole Ian said there would soon to n score of refineries and that those which paid the Moat would get the syrup. He urged that it requires head work and a Good Deal of expert skill to make sugar. If Farmers go into this business to make Sagar a Good Many of them will get their fingers burned. He recommended them to make Semi syrup or Sirp and to establish local unions on the Creamery plan. They had got to use the vacuum pan. The product must be a com Mercial article. Or. Be Van resented or. Wilbes having spoken of the syrups exhibited As containing a Saccharine matters by saying that he detected some foreign matter in the refinery syrup. Or. Wilhelm was pleased to find an expert whose unaided Eye detected what could not be discovered by chemical Analy Sis. A whopper. Or. Abernethy repaid compliments paid by or. Kenney to the crude printing House with which he is connected by defending crude sugar works. He had visited the Faribault refinery and he had been to or. Keu Noy s sugar House. The refinery had Noc made a Pound of sugar. But or. Kenney from one acre of Cane had made pounds of sugar Worth and 11g Gallons of Worth at or. Wilhelm s Oiler of 25c a gallon for crude syrup he would have Mado not Over from Tho acre of Cane. Did the refinery make any sugar or. Di-1 not undertake to make it. But if you Ilon t Liko the refinery Why not sell your Nirupa to or. Ken Noy or Why does he sell his syrup to the refinery but lot s have facts. You can Maka syrup from the Capo acc Loc. A Gal Lon. We propose to Ivo Jon do thai with proper apparatus. Or. Chipman of Wisdom. Said that or. Konney s sugar is not a marketable article. He was not an expert but a a grocer had Learned sugar is. He pronounced or. Kenney s product to to about a third class raw sugar equivalent to Tho West ladies crude sugar for refinery Uso Antl asked or. Wilholm s opinion. The doctor said it bras a Good article for refining. But he wanted to Henr from or. Kenney that to had raised the proportion of sugar stated. Or. Kenney said he would speak soon. Or. Abernethy did not like to have the impression go out that Farmers could not make sugar. As Othee or. Kenney said he had been offered 3 of a Pound for his sugar. Coffee a Standard sugar Sells hews for 10% and granulated in car for or. Kenney s is a Row sugar commercially not equal to the Brown sugars which sell Here at m to

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