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  • Location: Aiken, South Carolina
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Aiken Journal (Newspaper) - October 10, 1874, Aiken, South Carolina VOLD MID 4.—NUMBER 198.AIKEN,S. CU OCTOBER IO. I 7 1- «2 PER ANNUM, IN ALVANOS KT HEART IN WITH T|I£E. When the breeze with a whisper Steals softly through the grove, A sweet earnest whisper Of music and love, “When its gentle ca Testings Away charm each si gh* And the Still de»ws, like blessings, Descend from the sky, When a deep spell of lying On bill, vale, and lea, My warm heart is flying, Sweet spirit, to thee ! When st ars like sky blossoms Above seem th blow, And waves like young blossoms Are swelling below, When the voice of the river Floats mewrnfally past, And the forests low shiver Is borne on the blast, When wild tones are swelling From earth, air and sea. My warm heart, is dwelling, Sweet spirit, with thee ! When the night, clouds are riding. Like ghosts, on the gale, .And the young moon .is gliding, Sweet, lonely a&dp&te, When the ocean is sobbing In ceaseless unrest, .And itsgreat. heart is throbbing AU wild in its breast, 'When the strong wind is wrestling With billow and tree, My warm heart is nestling, Sweet spirit, with thee ! rr When in slumber thy dcncioe Tn loveliness gleam, And a thousand romances Are bright in thy dreams, When visions of brightness Like young angels start, In beautiful lightness All wide from thy heart, W hen thy calm sleep is giving Thy dream-wings to thee, .Oh! say art thou living, - Sweetwpiritg Withee J,. ^ settled countries where the population is spare and instated, aud where there are <no roads to connect one with the other, ■different and separate local govern men ts are demanded and called forth by the circumstances surrounding them, and new countries settled at the present day have very much the same form of govs eminent as our forefathers had, who settled these States upwards of 200 years ago. Thus in the Northern Island of New Zealand, about-300 miles in length, there are two separate governments, «aoh presided over by a Govern— or aud State Legislature, viz : Auckland and Willmington—the former situated in the North of the Island and the latter in the 8l>uth. The* settled portion of Australia has likewise been divided into six different Skates or Provinces, each possessing a separate Legislature and Governor. When moreover we take into consideration the historical truths, that in the old countries of Europe at one time a similar state of affairs exist cd: that France had its Dukedoms of Burgundy, Normandy, &c., each with their separate Parliaments : that England was portioned into seven King* doms ; but that with the increase of population <3iese co'mjjlex or duplicate ‘forms of government have been swept away, and in their place one Executive and one Legislature established in each . of the above ‘named countries. Franklin Pierce, in one of his mes-isagcs to Congress, remarked that “we were-a nation of sovereigns, standing unabashed rn the presence of Princes ’’ With upward##)! six thousand legislators is the United States—including State and Congressional—all p lid by the people, we may ar kb greater truth say that we are a nation of legislators, standing abashed in tho ^'reOence .PROPOSED CANADIAN UNION. on the value of all property in i their local expenditures. It is almost super fluous to add that the pardoning of criminal by the Executive in thesncoun tries is never conferred except upon proof of innocence or extenuating circumstances. As the Governor of many States freely exercise this prerogative mercy, it is possible that lynch lr# may find its ultimate source in the too' free use of executive clemency, tending to weaken people's faith in the rigid ad ministration of the law, and driving f    O them upon the spur of the moment to commit acts which their sober second thoughts would condemn.    a The aliene that a divided resngnsibil-hy weakens individual phb^atj£ and leads to individual dereiifitbaSr duty has been frequently advanced,^rid is partly justified by theftellowing i. A few years ago tho city of Loudon WM divided into several different pariehed|or districts for local se&governmeotJXWhen these parishes wese consolidate# minny declared that the Uberties of th# country were in danger y but by the plunge the abuses that had crept in..sere removed, and the local taxes tenth from the get exercised over the wholly The history of mauls clearly demonstrate \\ population leads. td^, property and of governor general Tule to the spread of ilnithe ancient Republic of consolidation of Abe .States of followed by the’dbwnffeU of the Republic and of liberty—causing Brutus in the last spasmotic effort to exclaijl, “Oh, Liberty ! J have followed thic as a substOMoe, but I find thee but a shadow." Modern Italy, however, presents a picture the reverse of this, for front the The Toronto Globe is “pleased to see .a movement commenced in Nov<a Scotia /or the union of the three Maritime /'rovinces of the Confederation. The idea pf having all these under the .Lieutenant Goverpor, and oue Local Legislature, ijs .JBO .reasonable that the ^wonder is,not that it has now.been Suggested, but that it had not been carried long ago. The expense of local government and legislation would bo very much Reduced, while there would be a greater likiiliojod of a»bigher class of mea being selected for the Local Legislature, as the number required would be much smaller, and the range of selection more .varied. As things are at present, these ,*Pi evinces are .very small, aud their local ,expences consequently unfairly heavy. While Ontario has about 180,000 square ‘ milebjof territory, and Quebec a great deal more, Nova Scotia. New Brunswick, aud Prince .Edward Island have only 49,494 square miles among them all. Ontario has a population of a million and a half, while all the Canadian ^Provinces on a seaboard have not 700,-,9Q0 all told. Yeteaeu of .Wie three has to keep up a Local Executive and L«g-tlaiure at an expense which is tormid sble to small populations, and which yields no commensurate advantage in return for the very eon ii If these provinces were united, the one formed, though not to be called large, of legislators in the United States with the forty millions of people, and by France and England with upwards of seventy millions, is most striking. In the former, as just stated, there are upwards of six thousand legislators ; in the two latter countries, with nearly double the population, there are only about seventeen hundred. While in the United States each member of Con- [ for the Aiken Journal. Rimes for the Times. HOPS ON I The times are very hard, John— There’s trouble in the air; I wish that I could help you more. And smoothcyour brow of care. You’ve worked so hard all summer long— Hard delving at the plow ; And scarce enough is gained by it To pay our taxes now. Our crop of corn and cotton short, With mere bant’8 bills to pay; And winter’s chill is coming on : Alas! I see no way But just to sell the old place out, And seek another clime ; It seems no use to loath for chance, Or wait a better time. You may be right, my little wife, And all yon say seems true: But I’ve a mind to fight it out— To yield will never do. Though sadder t imes I ne’er have Amo When war’s dark days came onEp When you were left alone at home, And all save hope was gone. va, Tho outwit foveate*    numlwk..S2jP    [itution' gress receives about five thousand dollars a year, in France the same national representative receives about sixteen kindred dollars a year, and iu Great Britian not a cent. In the last named country the non-payment of salaries .does not exclude a poor man from the jLegislatuje ; for when the voters are carried away by the esprit de corps, to .ck^t a poor man for Parliament, they furnish funds for his support, as was the C£se of McDonald, a miner, elected to tLe present Parliament, for whom his constituents subscribed £500 ($2,500) per annum. In France it has likewise been proposed by Deputy Courelle to .abolish the payment of salaries to tho National legislators, and the proposal I has met with many supporters, both in c ^auvtfuotig^ m assembly and amongst the people, siderahle outlay- , ^ ,    ...    ,    v,    . —    V       I    A    _    I    -       * I I _ . I rn M M L. M .. 4 I .-V In Italy, as is well known, the National legislators receive no renuinerati»h. In a1 Hbertynaft succe Sallust, in describing the cause of the downfall of the Roman Republic, pertinently asks,Quid leges sine monibusf'* —of what avail are laws unless there is a determination «n the part of the people to enforce them '( Montesquieu remark* that the genius of Democracy is envy and not honor. Cicdit Mobilier speculations share the force of Montes-quien’s remarks; for when a man is elected guardian of the public purse, and he enters into such speculations, he is not only faithless to his honor, but a rureant to his duty and a traitor to his constituents. It would De inopportune to close this letter without contrasting the number of representatives in the National Lcgesla-tures in France, Britianand the United States, France contains upwards of eight hundred, Britian six hundred and fifty, and the United States two hundred and ninety-two. The expenees of both France and England clearly shows the advantage of such numbers in their National Legislatures, as tending to counteract many evil influences, which oecasiodally find an entering wedge into smaller bodies of legislators. I will conclude this epistle by giving Methinkl see beyond the clouds A pleasant vista ope ; And in lay ear a little voice Says, “Wait awhile and hope.” And when I speak a sound cooee up, &n rushing (rom afar.: And t hrough the rift beyond the clouds I see a gliding star. i*WAIT AWHILE—HOPE on !—FIGHT IT OUT.’ And hark ! what noise is that I hear, Resounding there without ? It. 80undeth like a human cry— Yes, ’tis the peoples’ shout. “Hurrah ! Huxjajj!’’ the echo sounds : “The boys are out for (?reen r ’ •‘Down, down with foul corruption— x And thai is what we mean. “Turnout, turn out,” the rabble rant, “And ir with honest men ! Down, down with thieves and scalls wagd> -Hurrah! hurrah agaib! “Turn out, turn out the rascal crew : Who issue worthless scrip : Throw overboard the thieves and scamps, And right the gallant ship. ‘Down, down with bonds and taxes !” The people shout again : ‘Down, down with foul corruption, And vote for honest men. “Hurrah! hurrah!” the people cry, And this is what they mean : “Come up! come up, ye loyal men, And vote for honest Green. Letter from Raleigh* would be respectable in size, and strong • short, one general law regulates the de-ii. a aumous, energetic, and intelligeut. parCment of ;ustice jn every county or population, 'I’his new Province would, I  ........"*•    T„ - department, the Minister of the lute-from the v%y first, occupy such a post- ?    ’ lion of influence ap,d power kb its scpa- j nor France, and the Secretary tor rate component paa-xs eoubi never s.c- i the Home Department in England being xens are not entertained, as ia the gone by, by the regular reception® once v ... held there. The Governor is® pleasant . old gentleman, although of radical proclivities—hut since the Tar Heeia have won their glorious victory he has been quite moderate in his views and measure*, and is generally liked by th3 people of Raleigh. Our sister State has indeed won a glorious victory, and well alay 7 she he proud of her sons. The Con' sedatives have a two-third majority in both the Senate and House of Representatives, and they have determined to remedy a few errors made by their delectable friends, the Radicals, some time ago, and under which they have beati suffering. The people over here express great sympathy for us in our down trodden State, and wish us the heartiest success in our coming campaign. Raleigh is making great efforts to have a grand re~umon at their coming fiat, which takes place on the tenth of this month. They expect itto he the largest ever held there, and ample arrangements have been made for exhibition. Old John Robinson expects to he here at that time with his mammoth menagerie and jvery one expects to have a jolly time. * A great many operatie troupes expect to visit this city during the coming winter, and some have already made appointments to he here by December.— The accomplished Miss Lillian Edgerton will lecture here during fair week, and crowded houses will greet her appearance. There are four different denominational female colleges here, and they are well attended with pupils from every section of the State. South Carlina is well represented in the Peaoe Institute by the daughters of two of our most distinguished fellow citizen*. The citizens of Raleigh are very hospitable -and Cordial their midst, which gives one a homelike feeling, while the ladies here are par excellence, and riyal the fair daughters of our neai neighbor, Augusta, in beauty. The cotton crop in this State has been damaged by the severe drouth we experienced in August, and. the crop will fall shortly nearly one-third. The tobacco crop this year is not so prolific as the year before, and the lovers of I the deicing weed may expect a rise in its prico. I find plenty of military companies over here and the inelodions drum may be heard discoursing sweet music every evening. The election being over in this State, our mighty Caesar has no use for his minions here, and are quartering them in our State—for what? His Sereno Highness, Ulysces, and the devil only know, for the Lord don’t, I am sure. Raleigh boasts* of three daily newspapers, the “Daily News” by far the best of the three, and is ably edited. to drop you a few notes of interest.— I reached Raleigh a short time ago one bright and early morning, and found the opinions of two prominent citizens J myself, in the course of half an hour Raleigh, N. C., Oct 5,1674. Dear Journal—Thinking a few lilies relating to our sister State would interest your roaders, I have concluded ’“e typ(, fraternity I find out sometimes upon State government, one A. H. Stephens, of Georgia, and the other Gen. after my arrival, at the Yarboro Hotel, which is the best in the city, and equal* W. II. Jackson, of Tennessee : Stephens i Highland Park in appertinent and man ure. i entrusted with the supervision and Alg JJN, S. C., Oct. 8, 1874. redress of any grievances which may Editor Journal :—The sentiments I occur. Both having a seat in their expressed in t^e preceding paragraph j respective Parliament, are ready at any having such arrect application to the 1 time to answer question* and to give any United States, ant} mQrc especially to j explanations that may be demanded.— inc Southern portion of it, where the I As in the United States, each county State trxes upon a1! property in many i levies taxes for the support of schools, being a politician declares that the liberties of the world depends upon the main s tenance of State rights. Jackson not being a politician proposes in Tennessee agement, yet a great deal cheaper. Raleigh, although only a city of 10,000 inhabitants, is quitea busy little place, and is rapidlyjbeingbuilt up; there is six ele- thafc the State legislature should meet j guilt brick buildings in course of erec- sufier here from the same cause as we. sometimes do, the lack of greenbacks More anon. Lb Clair. instances exceed ope per cent, of the value thereof, that £ cannot refrain from drawing the attention of^yonr readers to this subject as Cine of the utmos timportance to erery i^Mclent and citizen ox the United States. roadn, paupers, etc. ; but here tho tax* ation ceases, aud seldom exceeds two mills on the dollar. There is no State Legislature to support in either Frauce or Engiand ; therefore, as compared j w ith the people of the United States. Fully admitting the fact that in newly j they save about five mills on the dollar once in four years. Comment is unnecessary; and therefore “Where doctors disagree, Disciples go free." Yours. &c., Observer. | lion at the present time. The Capitol building, which stand* j in the centre of the city, is an imposing ! edifice, and is surrounded by a beautiful and well laid off garden, which is kept wavs ,)f the e st ab fish men t, draw the un— The country has hem all this time enjoying the luxury of a resumption of specie payments and never new it. The beautiful device of Secretary Richard*' son which tho n. as papers to craftily blasted by premature publicity, was crippled, but not killed. No loogst -indeed did applicants for five or even? one d-dlar’s worth of silver receive tho shining coin over the treasiii*y counters but by tho ingenious contrivance of obtaining a draft for blauk dollars sud odd cent*?, one might, if he knew th* scrupulously neat and clean, with a full j even change up to mnety.ntne cents, bronze statue of the “Father of his i inclusive, in silver, with perhaps ft Newspaper advertisirg is now recognized by business men, having faith in their own wares, as the most- effective mc&na for securing f^r their goods a wide recognition of their merits. Country’' in front of the main entrance few nicies to eke out the account. , ,    ,    M1.    r*    .    ,    .    ,    rotary Bristow, having jus*; discover## of the building. Facing the capitol a j prolonged ox btl auca «»f this proem** the foot of the street stands the Govcr- j fontal) arrau.. eme *t, has gone aud SSRI nor’s residence, but as Gov, Brodgeu is j his toot un it iud kiliad it. Thus f" an old bachelor it is closed, so the citi-j ever. ;