Aiken Journal (Newspaper) - March 14, 1874, Aiken, South Carolina
^iKTCisr, a. a., march 14,1874.
8> PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE-
I*EXT ICB FRO'ft UKE\r. claiming :*s w d > that nine-tenths of
— I tiler in tel line nee. as welt as tho property
[From the Edgefield Advertiser.] : 0f,t|ie -tate, appertain to the C mserva
Mess”.s. Editors:—Has the Tax- rive faxpuvers. it is high time we com— pave s Coptetitio;i accomplished any I phfiucd less asd w yr Led more earnestly, practical good ? This is a question which j present low price of cotton may not jg now engrossing much attention and , prove an unmitigated evil. The negroes which cannot he definitely answered at j fv*el ho off ?cts as well as the white.— the present moment It depends partly j Many of them begin to perceive that the
in the effect its action may have on public- opinion abroad, and partly on its
effect at home
It has been charged that our people do not he p themselves as they might, that they too often meet and pass asdics of resolutions and then depend on others to carry them into practical effect.
If the Conservatives ut this S*.ato would e\ert themselves as their oppo«, nents do, more than half the counties of the State c mid be carried by them.— Whilst the organization of the Radicals is astonishingly co up etc, the Conservatives may be said to have no organizes lion at all. Tho few who do make any exertion try to force others to adopt their individual views, aud if they cannot succeed in this, do nothing at all
The object of a Convention is simply to consult and recommend to the people some line of action. If the people are not sufficiently aroused aud in earnest to carry out the suggestions, thou the benefits will be very limited.
One of the most, it hoi the most, important resolution passed by the Convell tion, was that which recommends the organization ot the ; 0 raser vatives in every county. Party machinery is so » effectually used against us, that in self defence, we must learn to use it also ; not as against the Republican party, but as the means to circumvent the thieves and scoundrels who now govern the State iu their own interest, under the name of Republicans.
UM accomplish this 9^d, our people
rule of the Ring does not beimfir them. Their confidence in their former Senders is shaken, aud b' perseveri geff»rts it
is possible to induce some at least, to
join wi h us in our effort to save the State. Heretofore the negroes have been coerced by their league* and end--ers to vote in a solid body, and any ah > (lured to break ranks were subject to insult aud outrage. A firm stand, to protect any Who may venture to iead the forlorn hope, will have an effect to
encourage cithers to follow their exam
ple; and such a stand should be made It is evident that the Radical Ring is frightened !>y the movement of the Taxpayers. Elliott, Cain, and ethers are professing to lead a Reform movement. In their speeches they are warning the party in Grant’s words, “ To Unload.” How this process is to be effected remains to be seen. Should they discard tile local leaders who are implicated in frauds, it will probably split the party. if they neglect to unload, a large portion of the Republican party at the North will declare a_ains tthem. Without tl'c support of the Federal Administra ion they cannot hold together another year. Therefore the Conservatives and taxpayers should be thoroughly organized;, and ready to take advanttge of any op-poi ttrnitv which may be presen ted*
It is to be hoped that the several rn mbera of th^p/ommittee appointed to visit Washington, will prepare themselves with statistics aud1' facts which are Irrefutable, in order that they may pros
must make up their minds to contribute* d®(b ^he greatest unprea^u. Aport both time aud money, ills no excuse HS any action ot Congees* affecting
if a citizen doc* not do his duty od the ^lea that he has no influence* The tote and influent of every individual are needed; All who are opposed to corrup tion and misrule, all who take ah interest iu the prosperity of the State, of their neighbors, Or of themselves, should join in thus movement aud devote to it their time and energies.
We all know that in other States political campaigns are largely influenced by the use of money. There are legitimate expenses which must be borne. The office seekers opposed to us can we'I affufi to advance the means to carry on a campaign, knowing they will be reim burped, if elected, out of the spoils wrung from the taxpayers; but the Conservatives will have no such fuud to draw from. Our party will have to depend on voluntary contributions. The ii>tel-ligent tax plyer needs no argument to show him that a small amount advanced for this object, xiii be the means of saving him ten, twenty or a hundred times the amount, could we succeed in having an honest administration of affairs. It is not only the amount which would be directly saved by a reduction of the taxes, but also in proportion to the general prosperity of the country is bis chance cf making money. With men of ability and character at the helm of State, a new era would commence for South Carolina.
The obstacles which now retard our progress would be removed; immigration would flow into the State } capital would be more abundant; and enters piises would bo inaugurated, which would develop the latent resources Which uow lay idle.
Looking back at the past, we can now tee that the great error of the previous Convention was in not providing a fund to prosecute, to the bitter end, those who were robbing tile State aud people ; and
the reconstruction laws. much ggod may be effected by that Committee.. Two practical measures should be especially urged by thew
To have a Committee of moderate* men (not a white-washiug C miaiifc-tee) appointed by Congress to visit this
Death of Sen ator Sumner*
The tclegra iii brings us the rather unexpected intelligence of the death o Senator ' umiier, lie was among the most notable men ever bom in America, and, though subject to rainy infirmities of character, his title t, be considered among the illustrious persons of the land is a very clear one. From a Southern stand point, the in ll urn ce of the Massachusetts Senator upon tie jffairs of th is country, has been fatal and disastrous. His blatant agitation of the slavery question undoubtedly did much to cause the civil war, and his persistent efforts to make social equality with negroes a matter of Government dictation l as kept alive infinite heart-burning aud bitterness sin ie the conclusion of active hostilities in buttle array. Toward the close of his life, ber seemed to regret somewhat of his ancient* heat and int ileianee toward the South, menu ira 1 bly so in the Greeley campaign, and in Congress, when he strove to erase from 1 he regimenal flags of the regular army inscriptions of co. flicts which perpetuated hatred between brethren. But the negro, to the last, in sj ifce of ingratitude, was a hobby too successfully and too frequently mounted to be aban-do *ed, and it was almost farcically sublime to hear the old statesman allude to Sum bo as “the dar ing of his soul*”
He was a man of superior gifts of in tclleet, though an egotist of the first order. He never appeared in a public effort without elaborate preparation, and it is said practiced before a looking glass every gesture and eftprcs-ion which was to be dramatically displayed in the Sen ate. To give an idea of Ins supreme conceit, it is reported that when, durin the war, inquiry was made if any event of national importance had transpired he solemnly replied : ‘‘Yes; I am some what better to day!'*
^L*kc Byron, Diegos, Burns, Adatom, bnakspc&re and other remarkable men
1 • . ?v‘* ■,
he had an unfortunate matrimonial experience, Why the lady left Min, we leave to Mrs. Stowe's conjecture, It i> said, however, we know not with what truth, that tho ex-MreJ Sumner wrote to M rs, Preston Brooks that she* regretted that Mr. B.'s cane was not made of
ClE^fiKAL NEWS ITEffS.
*..,..The London Telegraph publish** a long statement signed by Charles Or^ tm, in which the writer cofeaseses? that ie recognized the Tichboroe claimant as Tis brother the first time he saw bim and his silence was bought with £5 paid monthly for a y ar, and the promise of a thousand or two additional at the conclusion of the trial,
Miss Nellie’s intended, Mr. Sardis, is at the Arlington in Washington. He i» blonde, parts hi* hair in the middle and looks intensely Efoglisn. The other night, iu company with the President, he attended the Illinois Sociable. The President was quite communicative about tho prospective relationship.
„ Canadian papers give detailed
accounts of the terrible scenes1 caused by the but fling of a passenger car on the Great Western Railway on the night of the 1st instant, bv which a number of lives were* tost and many persons badly injnrea. The picture of the train rushing swiftly akra*:, with the Unfortunate passengers crowding iu the rear end of the burning car, or leaping out upon the tnrck, preferring to risk death so
rather than face ii in the more dreadful
State, for the purpose of investigating Wronger material.
the existing condition bt affairs. Tim Committee should take the evidence of all parties, but especially o4 citizens of integrity and moral character. The publication of a fair* report woald not only enlighten the peopler of the North, who are prejudiced ag ii rut the statements of exr rebels, but would also encourage our own people to active exertions in their own behalf,
2nd. They should urge on the Administration tho importance of appointing men of character to fill the various Federal offices in this State ; that tho present members of Congress fio not represent the people at large, but only the small clique known as the Ring; that parties recommended by them, to say the least, are open: to suspicion; that as long as the Ring controls the appoint-meats it will be*impossible to convince the ignorant negroes that this Ring is not in full accord with the Republican party of the North; aud that it would be to the interest of* that party rather to lose the vote of this State at one election than to bear the burden of the misdeeds of the so-called Republican party of South Carolina.
They should urge on the Senate to scan closely all appointments- of the Ad*> ministration, and to reject- all who are implicated in the frauds perpetrated here, or woo sustain the Ring; and especially to investigate the manner in which Pat tors rn obtained- his seat in the Senate When the sympathy and support of the Republican party and the Administration is, withdrawn from the Ring, then we can effect a thorough aud radical reform here,
Situated ars Weare, every effort should be made to hasten tile time of our deliverance. A reaction is now taking place at the North in favor of tho down-unless a fund for this purpose is now ‘roddcn whites 0f Hie Soul Ii. J .et us
provide*’, we may er poet suck robberies to continue for year:, to corned
Blit he is gone, with all his ambition, his extraordinary mental qualities, and his singular vagaries. The best thing that eau be said of him—and it is- a rare thing to say of any public man at this epoch—is his personal and official honesty. No shadow rests upon hts fame in this respect. Wit lf him we trust will die many causes of dissension and bad blood between the North and Sfonth. He was no doubt an earnest adrersary ar.d a conscientious bigot. The grave has claimed him, whatever ho was. aud now may God have mercy on bis soul.— J v.gusia Constitutionalist.
A Valuable table of the statistics of
christianity is presented in Professor A. J. Schemas ‘Statistics of the world” tor 1873, just published in New York and London. In North and South America, out of a population of 84.500,009, 47,-OO),OOO are Roman Catholics, and 30,-000,000 Protestants. In Europe out of i popi lotion of 301,000,000, 147,000,-000 are Bornan Catholics, 71,800,000 Protestants and 70,200,000 adherents of the Greek Church. In Asia out- of a population of 794,000,000, 4,700,*-OOO, are ltmrui Catholic-, 1,800,000, Protestants, and 8,500,000 adherents of the Eastern churches. In Africa, cut of a population of 192.500,000, 1,-100,000 are Roman Catholics, 1,200,-000 Protestants, auld) 3,200,000’ ad her cuts of the East re n churches. In Australia awd- Po In ricsia, out of a populate.ibf 4,400*,OOO, 400,000 are flyman Cai hidics and 1,500,000 Protestants. This °ives for the whole world, out of a total population of 1.3T7,000.000, 201,200,; goo Roman Catholics, MIS,300,OOO not despair. Ultimately we must sue-j Pro testants and 81.90(1,000' Greek ani cod, ' W- j. Eastern Christians.
way that threatened them, was a terrible one. For two* miles or more along the track maimed awd mutilated passenger were lying where they jumped, many of them badly Injured, though some mirac u’otfsly escaped unhurt. At length the conductor succeeded in making his way to tho engine and having tile twin stopped, when it was found that the cai had been completely consumed, and a number of persons been burned to death, their blackened remains being visible in the burning ruins. A passenger, who was in the smoking car, states that whee lie first saw the Are cooling forward door he dosed draft/twt Ale next moi opened P, and jumped jiff the first-class car platform. The* cnM#- of the passengers were now heart-l&iding iii the extreme,. and by looking Over the side he could see men and women drop off the platform and out of windows, some usfajtired, other- lyroW^here they fell Others, men and wome®: lay along the track for a distance cf a half. It appears that th not attached to the engine, queafly there was no way of stopp the train. It was running at the rate of abott thifty miles aw hour, and ran about three miles burning.
At a theatre in Philadelphia, known as Morfimer’s Varieties, some ballet girls were standing around a hot stove in the v Teasing room, when the clothes of one caught fire. The girl lost all presence of mind,- and rushed up to a companion, whose clothes became ignited when they both ran upon the stage and down into the auditorium. Great excitement prevailed') and the audience made a general slam pede for. the doors. Some of the employees hastened for a bucket of water, and rescued the po:>r iiirls from death, though they were seriously burned. Fortunately no one was injured while leaving the theatre, though uo* interest was felt in the acting which followed, and every one was relieved when the curtain dropped. At intervals we are called co record the death of women by the contact of their light drapery with the flames. The two most notable instances were those of the wife of a celebrated sergeow in London and the wife of one of our poets. Fire makes quick, havoc with light clothing, but we hear a sug-
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gestion which might be acted on to aavan*-tnge. Every man has or should have; a sharp knife in his pocket, with which be could rip the clothes of a burning woman (putting the sharp edge of the knife out, off course,) from her neck to the bindings of her skirts*.leaving them on the floor, while his own wollen clothes would protect Ii im from harrn.-
fll A lE NEWS.
The Governor Was made the following appointments *r Abel A. Small* trial justice for Charleston county } Ed* ward Argue, trial justice for Oranges burg county ; J A. Richardson, John Perry, John Wesley and Buller Moore, trial justices lor Edgefield county.
Judge A. P. Aldrich, of Barnwell, bus been on a visit to our court, looking well, spirited and handsome.-— Everybody was proud to shake by the band this proud and pure South Caro* liniao, who once put aside the judicial ermine so quickly, rather than have it soiled while upon his person.—Edgefield Advertiser.
...... The Abbeville Medium says:
‘‘We regret to announce the death of Mrs. John C. Chiles af Midway, on Sunday butt. The deceased was the daughter c4 the late Dr. John Lake, of Edgefield, aud has been taken away in the bloom of life* She Was a member of the Baptist Church, an earnest Christian, and exhibited iu hex life all the Ch ristian graces/'
And apropos of Ridge’ Spring,
we hear with infinite pleasure that an old. honored and representative cid ie a of Clarendon county, accompanied by his wife, has come to live there—*David S. DuBose, Esq., in old times a m in of weak h, whose name was a synonym of South Carolina tone arid hospitality.— These are the parents of Dr. John DuBose and Mr. David DkrBose, Who settled at Ridge Spring three or four years back. Ridge Spring is to be congratu^ toted and euvi* d wWe^ she gains cit ileus of this sort.—Edgefield Adeerti&r'.
. Our Greenville eo|fesp* adept*
“ Somers,” writes : “ This place i$>v^ry prosperoui, y3^ new cotton faetory ia
he pu* i**per*~
dwelling-house* ing in weekly of joining eountiee-*t have* ourr share of f tire' people J and the we shall yet, rn the a sure deliverance fi us up, and we crop up here
from the .ad** . that we abidi s, ill inspire
of Ged*^ oppression cheers on. The cotton corno to market to
, aud brings ISI pts.
ach trees in bloom*
Weather violable; aid east winds prevalent/’
The Augusta Constitutionalist says: “The people of South Carolina, and more particularly the people of Charlest on, are ufter great Alligations to Col. Richard Latheis. He*has made, by tong odds, the most powerful, practical, and, we may add, eloquent appeals for the salvation of the civilization of the Palmetto State. His public career has beet*, since the war, one untiring effort to lift the incubus from that
Commonwealth, and, we have reason to know, his endeavors have made great and important conquests of <*ni»ghtene& Norther a opinion in South Carolina; In private life he is the most usefol of citis Z)ris. A mqjuof culture*,, wealth and refinement —surrounded, too, by a most interesting family—his* splendid hospitality to all who oome*to Charleston:aud get within his magi a* circle is something to be remembered* We do not.wonder that the distinguished Northern visitors . now journeying through the South were received, at his- elegant, invasion in ft style worthy of the ancient renown of Carolina, and that they should have been pleasantly impressed with the noble Charleston merchants aud professional men gathered together, in his own illimitable aud royal way* Such ft man us this is a public benefactor. Would; that every Southern city could boast a Lathers, who knows so well hew to dispense, for the com mon good, tim bountiful gifts bestowed by Providence an# J won by bls superior Minot iv