Aiken Courier Journal (Newspaper) - August 12, 1876, Aiken, South Carolina
VOLUME 2— NUMBED 93AIKEN,,8. a, A.UGUST 12. 1876
OLD SERIES VOL. 6.—NOSS®MAIL ARRANGER?E!WTS.
Aikex, S. C., July I, 1874. 'On and after Ibis dale the toiHce •hours twill be as follows :
During tho week from 8:30 a. rn. to I 30 •o’clock p. rn., and from 3 to 7 o’clock p. rn.
3:30 p. rn.
IO a. rn.
3:30 p. rn.
0 a. rn.
1 4:30 p. rn.
9 a.m. & 3.30 pm
Dunbarton, Hammond and' Greenland t mails close on Thursdays at 6 p. rn., and •open on Saturdays at 5 p. m.
Leesville, Merritt’s Bridge and Mf. vrEbal mails close on Sundays at I o’clock p. rn., and open on Tuesdays at 5 o’clock HP- m*
__E. CONDY, P.M.* AIKEN CO UNTY DEMO CRA TACCONVENTION.
’The Hamburg Horror Denounced —The News and Courier Overhauled—A Straight out Policy Demanded.
The Aiken County Democratic Contention suet oft Saturday, the 5th inst., for the purpose of electing delegates to the State Convention. The meeting was a very full one, every township save one answering to the roll call, and was presided over by G. W. Croft, Esq. As will be seen by the resolutions, the spirit of the Convention was straight-out, and in favor ofnominations for State officers at the State Convention, to be held at Columbia on the 15th inst., and the delegates go instructed to that end.
Atter organization Mr. P. F, Ham inond submitted the following resolutions^ which were unanimously adopted hy a rising vote :
Resolved,- That 'the killing of unarmed negroes following the collision be tweeu whites and blacks at Hamburg, ,jn this county, on the 8th of July, is, if . ~ M ue 11 e^ed, a most atrocious crime.
• ( as^^ould be punished to the full ex-be law.
Resolved, That the .effort to fasten upon the Democratic party uuy responsibility therefor is wholly unfair and •unsustained by facts ; hut on the contrary, the affair has political significance only so far as it shows the character of *t1le-Radical State government, which, powerful for fraud and robbery, to foment race hatred and provoke race conflicts,-is, in maintaining Jaw and order, protecting the rights and fostering the interests of the peopler imbecile and contemptible.
Resolved, That we appeal to ir
men if the history of the ^Ni^ern •States for the past eight years does not •show that wherever the Democratic party has supremacy, and in those States onSy, there hasbeen pe^e, security for life, protection fin property and larger measures -of individual freedom and prosperity to both races, the blacks nor less than Hie whites, and we submit that -this furnishes tho truest text upon the merits of the Southern question
Resolved, That in the hut haste with •i^irhich he has assailed with foul aspersions a number of the citizens of this State, and endeavored to fasten crime upon them before trial and on ex parte testimony alone, D. Ii, Chamberlain! Governor of South Carolina, has not only ^?played the zeal of the partizan, but ■» forgotten the •dignity of his high office, and ignored the true relations in which as chief magistrate, he ought to stand towaads the whole people of this Coal' mon wealth.
Mr. 0, E. ll. Drayton then rose and proposed the following, with the intention he said, of strengthening the delegates by letting them hear the voice of the people ;
Resolved, Th it in tho opinion of us the people of Aiken County, in Convention assembled, it is both unwise and inexpedient to delay the nomination of a Straight-out Democratic State ticket. Resolved, 'Ihat our delegates to tile
.State Convention, which is to assemble
in Columbia on the 15th instant, are earnestly requested ’to resist by every means in their power any effort to adjourn said Convention without nominate ing a full Democratic State ticket.
After reading the above resolutions Mr. Drayton addressed the meeting at considerable length. Chamberlain, the Charleston flews and Courier and the moneyocracy of Charleston were handled without gloves—-particularly the Aeius and Courier, whose dictatorial course with regard to Chamberlain and tbe false and garbled reports of the Hamburg riot were animadverted upon with great severity. He said lie was a Charlestonian, and proud of his birthplace and ancestry, and his love for his native city was second to no man's ; but would not submit to the dictations of a paper, the majority of whose stock was owned in New York, which was run by aliens and supported by old fogies and moneyerats who had throttled the State and kept it down. He was an up-country man by adoption and was proud to be called a tiller of the soil. Mr. Drayton was listened to with attention, and as no champion was found to take up the glove for the News and Courier and the old fogie moneyerats of the “City by the Sea,” the remarks and resolutions all passed off without debate.
Mr, D. S. Henderson proposed the following resolutions, which were also adopted :
1. Resolved, That we heartily endorse the nomination of Tilden and Hendricks as the standard bearers of the National Democracy, and the wise and statesmanlike platform on which they have been placed before the people.
2. That it is the sense of this convention, as representatives of the Democratic party of Aiken comity, that the only wise, prudent and patriotic course for the Democracy of South Carolina is to nominate only tried Democrats foi office, from the Governor down to the lowest office in the gift of the people.
3. That we charge that such outbreaks as the lynching of the Harmon murders in Edgefield and the recent conflict at Hamburg, is but the natural result of the corrupt administration of law by the Radical government of South Carolina; that we especially charge that the Hamburg conflict was the result of a political conspiracy, manoeuvered by such Radicals as Spar nick, Elliott, Rivers and Schiller for the purpose of antago-on in icing the whites and blacks of the soil and creating political capital with which to infuriate the North against the South, thereby*hoping to redeem their falling political fortunes.
The convention then proceeded touom-in ate for‘delegates—every nominee, as his name was Galled, being requested to state his ability to attend the convention^ and his willingness to obey faithfully the resolutions of instructions. The ballot resulted in the following choice z D. S. Henderson, Goo. W. Croft, J H. Giles, Paul F. Hammond .and Thomas J« Davis.
Resolutions w»*re also passed, recommending tile people of the county to employ no one who refused to vote the ticket put foward by the Democracy, and fix-it g the meeting of the County nominating Convention for 31st August. To that convention each township will be sent at least three delegates, with the further right to a delegate for every additional 350 white persons.TBE VOICE OF TUE CONVENTIONS,
The Abbeville Democratic Convention met at Abbeville Courthouse, on Aug, 7, and unanimously voted in favor of the postponement of Democratic nominations on the 15th.
The Democracy of Chester met on the 7th, and passed resolutions in favor of
postponment until after the meeting of the Republican Convention.
The general feeling iii Barnwell sterns to be against immediate nominations.— Her delegates go unpledged. The convention, composed of 105 members, met at Blackville on the 7th instant. The entire white population of the oounty were present. The greatest earnestness and harmony prevailed. The fellowing gentlemen were elected as delegates :— Gen. Johnson Hagood, l)r. G. B. Lar-tigne, Robert Aldrich, L. B. Bamberg,
• J. M. Williams and L. W. Yeomans.
Beaufort favors the straight-out policy, but opposes an .immediate nomina-r tion of candidates.
York county advocates postpomnent of nominations, and opposes straight-
• autism ; and instructs her delegates to exert their influence to postpone action by the State Convention for the present.
FAIRFIELD Ralls into the postponmeut line, as will bedeen by the following letter by Gen. James H. Rion.
John S. Reynolds, Esq , Dear Sir.— You ask my opinion as to the proper policy to be pursued by our Convention on the 15fch instant. I think the con* vention ought to nominate Presidential electors, candidates for Congress and the solicitorship, adopt measures to harmonize and peri eat the organization of the party, and adjourn to meet the day week after the Republican Convention meet. The action of the Republican Convention may justify nonaction asXo the State ticket, and it may necessitate a straight-out nomination by us.
GREENVILLE Ako refuses to recommend the making of nominations and a straight-out policy. In the’convention which met on August 7th, the following resolution was offered and rejected :
Resolved, That in the opinion of the Convention it is wise and expedient to make nominations for Stale officers on the 15th instant, as directed by the State Executive Committee, and that our delegates be instructed to vote for it, and against putting off to a biter date, and ako to vote for none but straight-out Democrats for ."' tate officers.
Sends her delegates unpledged and uninstructed. A motion to instruct the delegates to the State Convention to vote against making nominations on the 15fch instant was last.
Thinks it eminently wise and proper to make nominations at once, and a resolution was unanimously adopted ui'ging nominations by the State Convention-
The democracy of Columbia are unanimous for immediate nomination and a straight-out policy. Gen. Wade Hump, ton was one -of the delegates. Colonel Wallace offered tile following resolution which was adopted :
Resolved, That whilst we are opposed to the doctrine of instruction, it is the sense of this sleeting that the Democratic State Convention, to assemble here en the 15th, proceed at once to nominate State officers, and postpone such action to any subsequent meeting
After the nomination of delegates, the nominees wore requested to express their views as to the course to be pursued by the State Convention. All en* dorse the straight out policy.
DARLINGTON Deems it wise and prudent to make no
nominations at present* The following resolution was unanimously adopted •
Resole od, I hat In the opinion of this Convention it will be wise and prudent that the Democratic party of South Carolina make no «ominotion for State officers until afterHie Republican party shall have made their nominations.
The County Democratic Convention met on July 22. Before the proposition to postpone nominations on the 15th was broached, A straightout ticket was re-comm ended,
The Democracy of Laurens n et on Tuesday, August let, and adjourned on Wednesday evening. Every township was fully represented. The spirit of the (-onvention was for a straight-out Democratic nomination, aud their delegates were instructed to vote for none but Democrats for State offices.TUE ST A TE CONVENTION.
Gov, Chamberlain not the Candidate of the Democracy—The Rubicon Passed at Hamburg—The Straight-out Policy the True One.
Whether the State Democratic Convention, which meets at Columbia on the loth instant, nominates candidates for State officers or postpones nominating until after the Republicans have held their Convention, it is now pretty certain that Governor Chamberlain will not be taken up by the Democracy of South Carolina. Since the publicity of his correspondence with Senator Robertson and President Grant in the Hamburg affair, his best friends and admirers in that party have lost all confidence in him, and publicly admit that in making up the political State he must be counted out. Perhaps it is best that it is so; for this compromise, half-loaf policy. which so many of our people have trusted in for these long, weary years past, has only resulted in sud defeat, disappointment and shame,
IF there ss nothing better in store for the people of South Carolina, they may as well know it at once. If there is to he a struggle for liberation and a better state of things, it is better that it come now. For every year after the Radical tax gatherer has swept over the land, the people find themselves more impoverished arid less able to contend with the adverse fate which an unkind providence has cast upon them ; better take up arms at once against a sea of trouble, and by apposing end the heartache which Radical fraud and se d awag villany have lire right upon the land. It thoro is nothing left for the people but base submission or emigration, it is bettor to accept one cf the tvo alternatives at once, go while we have something to go with, or resolve to meet the enemy in a square open fight, on the straight-out policy, and abide the “hazznrJ of the die I”
Recently we republished from a leading Democratic paper of New York a justly deserved notice of the Piedmont and Arlington Life Insurance Company. It is evident that this company is rapidly taking position among the leading companies of the country, and has already attained the highest position among all rivals doing business in the South. When a Southern corporation Can present so many claims for patronage, it is not surprising that our people give it ready encouragement. Rya management unsurpassed, and a promptness in meeting every just demand upon it the Piedmont and Arlington, day by day increases its wealth and influence, and becomes more deserving <*f the patronage of our people.
THE HAMBURG RIOT VASES.
Admitting to Bail of the Accused.
About eleven o’clock on Thursday morning, our town put on quite an animated appearance. Never before, perhaps, aid Sheriff Jordan or any -other Aiken dignitary, lead so respectable a band of prisoners as those Aiken and
Edgefield gentlemen, of all ages and conditions, who come filing into tow.!, mounted on well-conditioned, mettlesome steeds to give bail for their appearance at the September term. There were about one hundred horsemen in double file, with numerous carriages, buggies and wagons, filing along in the rear. Although only fifty-five, including two colored men were under arrest, two being left behind on account of sickness. The cavalcade marched up in front of the Lyceum Hall, and after answering to their names, entered the court room where were congregated the entire Bar of Edgefield and Aiken fbi* the accused, and Attorney General Sjfcne &r the-State, with his Hon. Judge Maher, occupying the bench. The reading of the evidence, which it is unnecessary to add was voluminous, occupied the entire-day. That of the defence putting an entire new face upon the whole transaction.
It was ^proved that the negro company commanded by Doc Adams, was not a regularly organized company, had no right to the arms, and fired the first shot and killed the first man. Of the falsity of the great mass of evidence produced at the Harnb irg inquest, there is no manner of doubt. Some of the persons shewn to have been at the scen&r-of conflict bejig dead, and one or two ic is proven, have been absent from the State of Georgia and South Carolina for more thai a ^ear- before the riot transpired. Among the numerous affidavits which were reed in behalf of the prisoners, wag one from Prince Rivers, going clearly to show that the negroes concerned in the riot, were not a militia company, but nothing more nor less than an armed mob, acting in defiance of the laws of the State, and spurning the jurisdiction of his court—as a Trial Justice.
The affidavit of John Lee, brother of Gen. Samuel J. Lee, ex-Speaker of the House of Representatives, under Moses, went to prove that the Hamburg company was formed to kill the white people, and that Governor Chamberlain had said tlu»t sush action was necessary to carry the election. This affidavit also proved the bringing of the ammunition from Columbia by Schiller in a tin can, and its distribution to the company prior to Butler or any of his friends entering Hamburg. The affidavits were of such a character as to show conclusively that the Hamburg riot was a conspiracy gotten up against the white people of the State to prop tile waning fbi tunes of tbe Radical party in general, and Chambers lain particular.
At the conclusion. Attorney General Stone read the most forciole parts of the testimony before tho mock coroner’s inquest.
an evidence that his Honor did not consider the evidence of the prosecution reliable, the bail of the accused, which the Attorney General would place at 610,000, was fixed at 81,000 each, which was readily given, the Attorney General consenting to allow these who were detained on account of sickness, to cive the required bond, by giving him notice at any time they should desire to do so. And just as the twilight shades were gathering over the town the tft^en mounted their steeds and filed quietlyhwayin the direction of thew various homes. During tho <1 iy there was no whiskey drinking, noise or riotous conduct'of any kind, and we must sa v we ne?q$ saw a quieter^ br move amiably disposed Assemblage lib Aiken.