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Aiken Courier Journal Newspaper Archives

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Aiken Courier Journal (Newspaper) - April 8, 1876, Aiken, South Carolina (Courier - Journal VOLUME 2 —MUMBLE 75 TST, S. C., APRIL 8. 1870 MAHL ARRAIGNMENTS. Aiken, S. C.. September I, 1874. On and after this date the Postoffice ho*re nill be as follows : ^ During the week from 8:30 a. rn. to I 30 o clock p. rn., and from 3 to 6 o’clock p. rn. Mont empowered Congress to pass laws for directly enforcing all privileges and immunities-of citizens of the United States, by original proceedings in the OLD SERIES VOL. 6.—N0.275 MAILS. ODENS. Northern.. 10:30 a. Western... 10:30 a. Charleston 4:30 p. Columbia.. 4:30 p. CLOSES. 3 p. rn. rn m Dunbarton, Leesville, Hammond, Greenland, Merritt’s Bridge and Mf. Ebal mails close on Sundays at I o’clock p. rn., and ©pen on Tuesdays at 5 o’clock p. rn. E. CONDY, P. M. publican defeats Manifested the indignation of Republican voters. And now we have from a Republican Supreme n , 0. . ■ n    ,    I    Court,    in this masterly decision, a stern III c g a es Courts, and Judge Brad- veto of such legislator!. There will nev- ll t*m flint* the I ii. Kiwi ■■    «    I ley held that the legislation from Congress is only sue vide a remedy or due pun ired er be an attempt to cure by amendments o-1 the defeats in the enforcement act.__ These defeats alone made it useful to -    w        “‘VIIV    UK'UC    iv    USCI Ut LO respnssci., an WI provide appeals from unscrupulous partisans , if it had not e tate ourts t° U'A^Unitcd States gone beyond'.he constitutional power of American system of government and ' LOCAL AFP A TT»a the dual nature of American citizenship — ------------------3 nu • r*    .    ut    .    .    .    .    *    '    i *    —----------Tr.'zrr Chief lustice Waite in this decision and in the terms of its utterance has vindicated his disposition and his capacity to emulate' the fame of Jay, Marshall and Taney. TUE ENFORCEMENT LA W DEAD. Courts in all oases tWiS'gggpe up for I Congress, it would not have been de' , therefore, j manded. It will lie dead upon the consideration, In his o v wcr The cases went up to the -tadietmwt*we* fatally Infective, statute book, to remind future genera- •rein* (lourt tions of Americans that no conceivable States Rights Vindicated. * - The Supreme Court of the United States, a few days since, rendered very iaiportnrtt decisions in the Grant Parish and Kentucky election cases—sustaining the previous order of Judge Bradley in the arrest of judgment upon the verdicts, and the causes are remanded, with instructions to discharge de* fondants- Notwithstanding the decisions were not squarely against the constitu* tionality of the infamous enforcement act, the inference is plain that upon a proper case being made, the court will decide against the validity of the whole law. As it is, the decision robs the statute of its worst feature, and renders it practically inoperative and wholly useless as a political agency. The Kentucky election ease is likewise decided by the Supreme Court adversely to the Enforcement act. This was the case of the inspectors of elections who refused to receive the votes of two citizens of African defeat. From this decision Judge Him*; dissented, •a    • HISTORY OF THE GRANT PARISH CASES. The cases giew out of a riot in Grant I arish, Louisiana, in 1873. A number of negroes were killed, and indictments under the so-called Enforcement act, were found against certain white persons charging them with conspiracy tib deprive colored citizens of their rights, &c and with murder. Ninety-eight whites weie indicted, and nine of them were tiied in the United States Supreme Court. The first trial resulted in a dis-X agreement of the jury, and the second in a conviction of the accused. A motion was made iu arrest of judgment before Judge Bradley, of the United States Supreme Court,and Judga Wood. In an elaborate opinion, holding the indictments lo be illegal. Judge Bradley argued that when any rights or privileges of the citizen are only secured in the Federal Const i tut ii.1/by a declara-* *on ^ut State c r the United States shall not violate or abridge thorn, it is at once understood that they are not created or conferred by the Constitution, but only guaranteed against Impairment. I he thirteenth Constitutional amendment, he argued, clothes Congress with the power to pass laws for the prosecution and punishment of those who deprive any person of the rights it confers. The fifteenth amendment, I while securing to the colored people the right to vote, -does not,” says Judge .Bradley, “confer the right to vote. It only confers a right not to be excluded Jrom voting by reason of race, color or previous condition of servitude, and this is all the right that Congress can enforce. The real difficulty in the cases before the court, was to determine whether the amendment has given to Congress any power to legislate, except to furnish redress when the States violate the amendment. On this point the court inclined to the opinion that Congress hod the power to secure that right, against the unfriendly operation of of State laws, and against outrage and combinations. &c., on the part of* the individuals, irrespective of Strte laws. The question was then considered wheth- i    .    .    *%'    9T    «u.vtiwu8 mat nu cuticeivuDie and were there elaborately argue# abote of tho cooa.itutic b* one party It. is the doty of the Seaie4o|Hftliat can justify di— •»    _____ its eitiaeng are protected in the right to by the other. peacefully assemble for peaceful and r„ ,    „    „ lawful purposes. The Constitution for- . ,,17' ^ Tm* bids the goveiament from abridging this n . «*eWK*n of tl,e Supreme right. The right of bearing arms for    ’ decja9»f-.||*    enforcement law lawful purposes must be seen to by Hie I    tw#    readied at an States, the Constitution simply providing    et P®rtoi>    Republican that Congreet shall not infringe its paHy 00,,tro1 °, th® H«W» of Kep-sovoreignty. To protect lives and prop- ^e8entotlves' Congress would forthwith erty lies exeUfcfoly i„ ,he States. The I *    new    bil1    avordtng the oh /»    .    *    4 TITE ELECTIONS. The late election for State officers in New Hampshire, owing to lavish expenditures of money on the part of the Radicals, arni a frantic flourish of the red shirt, the State was lost to the Democrats by a little over one thousand majority. On the other hand, the State election in Connecticut, which came off on Tuesday last, resulted in a complete victory for the Democrats. The com. plexion of the Legislature is as follows; Senate—Democrats., 17 ; Republicans, 4. House—Democratic majority, 30 , Democratic majority on joint ballot, 43. Complete returns from all but a 'Jfe# Always read the .advertising columns of The Courier-Journal. Stra wb sr Kits are selling in Aiken at one dollar a quart. There is a great demand for poultry in Aiken at present. Get leady for the grand Schuetzen-fest on the 19th and 20th inst. —     _r—,9 VMV yii- small towns show the following result: jections made against that whish it now governor :    Ingersall,    (Democrat) J    J    FWV    _    4    k.    ahi    •    ~    .    4a    §L.P91 . Ill*    ^    vu    a    .. political ability negroes. If the Republican* party had sooner known that by attempting too much they had accomplished noth- guarantee,- out no more. The I ‘”g U W.°"Id W been in $eir P°wer of the United Stetes is limited subst'tutc aPPwpriate legislation for - - '    -    *    the unconstitutional law which they enacted. But the decision of rho Sp. preme Court, coming when it dees, not only annuls the En forcemerit act, but puts that provision of the constitution in abeyance which authorises Congress to pass laws for the protection of negro , '    .    *    Ti;    ■;    ’P    " the rights of one citizen as against the rights of another. The only obligation of the United Stites is to see that the States do fiotdeU^the rights the amendments guarantee, but no more. The power to the enforcement of this tee. guaran COMMENTS OF THE PRESS, [From the New York Tribum.] One hole is enough to spoil a balloon. The Supreme Court finds but one hole P f    protection    of    negro in tim.enforcement act, but that one is T,    'he    un8CruPulous abuse quite enough An make the entire ne, P leBIslat,on_ practiced by tho Bepubli quite enough Ao make the entire act powerl«p/w»d practically void. can party under color of that authority, and when the Supreme Court has con- k * # TWs is one of the most im- T “ie ffrortaut and    decision,    ever    ed’    the Denioerats a,e not likelJ rendered by the supreme Court. It    ‘° *"y further    on    tbe marks the commencement of a new era 8UbjeCt' Tlle neS‘oes> fl”' the ensuing in the exercise of legislative power.— rW0Jears at least> wil1 l,ave t0 depend During and since the war Congress has Z    on    the    State    Government*. often acted as if it were supreme, not p    ' be "° . fUrtl'Cr '"^rposition only within, but -outside of its consti- ft aUtWy suPP°';ted b7 eral bayonets to support their rights or Belcock and Babnaparc not comino ; too little crooked whisky in Ajken. In Charleston the great clamor is for water ; up this way there is more anxiety about the quality of whisky. Don t forget the Democratic County Convention, comes off on Tuesday next April lith. An account of the negro tournament, which came off on Thursday last, will appear in oar next issue. A    I    ~ has a majority over his ^publican competitor, and a majority HF 3,708 over all three candidates. only within, but ‘'outside of its consti tutu na1 limitations.” For some error iii this direction there was much excuse. A powerful party persistently tried to make tile Constitution of the United States the left wing of Lee’s army. rJ he tedrcss their wrongs. This important decision marks the beginning of a new era in the political relations of the negro race in our Southern States. “If the Southern governments should same party had so construed the Consti- k *T 0oulHern governments S union as to make it. the bulwark of    J“8t;;    humaue ®“<1 considerate, they slavery. Public opinion recoiled. It I 7"    their    colored    citizens not only rejected with indignation those    *    *    RePubllcan    party, and virtually construct!.,ns which would have depriv- anm,'late tbat Pal t>' throughout the ed the Union of power to defend itself *    ' °egroe8 wl‘1 be likeR against armed rebellion, but, with nato- *    “    Whh ral exaggeration, snstained Congress in ^    “    Frefm*n 8 8a™«» ]{ank. the assertion of its power, even after the Tf* . .    .    kee"    tesentment war, to adopt any n.easure which it J    8U,er than it deemed necessary for the public web *hc'r “'°ney the CUStody of the Re* fare. Then greedy or malignant parti- ^ sanship began todcniand, as necessary to saPP°ID^ ’    confidence    abused, the public welfare, measures which were I «    *    *y ^ a'W all> dePend only needful tor the maintenance of un- Pro‘oct,on a,ld P'"spenty on the I communities with which their lot is cast. they will be disposed to co-operate more cordially with their immediate feltow-citizens than they have ever been since their emancipation. They have nothing to depend upon now but their own industry and sobriety and the justice and good will of their neighbors. If the whites act with sense and moderation, the undecicved negroes will hereafter give them no trouble. worthy or corrupt uteri in power. Of these measures the enfoiccmcnt act was one of the most odious. Under it shameful abuses have been perpetrated. No calm and reasonable Legislature would have failed to see thatsuch an act would invite the gravest abuse; no Legislature animated by a profound reverence for the Constitution would have passed so far beyond the limitations of its power. The passions which in those days blinded many eyes has somewhat cool-ed. Public opinion at last perceived tlflit though enemies of the Union had tried to prostitute the Constitution to disloyal uses, still the constitution must be reverenced and obeyed as the only safeguard of free institutions. A very large proportion of Republican voters, seeing the infamous abuses caused or shielded by such measures as the Enforcement act, were lead to realise that those acts were both dangerous and  stubbornly resisted, and even *ried to er the fourteenth constitutional amend- [ push still further in the Force bill. Re- ,    —    .    *       ”    CAUfUl    O    US— unconstitutional. Fora time partisanship tiec Clifford. It may be described as [From the. New York World.'] The analysis of the nature of our complex govern mom is an exquisite piece of legal acumen, a sound utterance of political wisdom. It is for the general principles therein laid down that the opinion will be received with satisfaction by the friends of constitutional government throughout the country. * *    *    The    judgment    is    concurred in by the whole court, and the opinion is concurred in by all the Judges except Jus— the final and authoritative enunciation of til,- doc tor inc of the duality of the THE COLUMBIA ELECTION. The election for municipal officers iii the city of Columbia took place on Tue»<tyy last, and everything passed off with remarkable quiet. Thoro were four candidates for Mayor : John Ag* new. (Rep.) W. B. Stanley, (Dem.) J. F. El.sor and W. P. Geiger, (Ind.)— Agnew was elected over Stanley bv about 23 votes. The Charleston News and Courier styles it a ‘‘disgraceful defeat,” and severely censures the Columbia ilegister aud the Democrats in gen-, eral for their apathy in the contest, and from all accounts it certainly does appear to us that there is good reason for its strictures and to be dissatisfied with its results. Ina city that has been so cursed with Radical rule as Columbia_ a place which has not been inappropriately termed the Sodom of South Carolina—it. is difficult to conceive how Democrats could be induced to vote for a Republican, or in any way aid in the perpetuation of Radical rule, when an unexceptionable candidate of their own political faith was put in nomination, It is some consolation, perhaps, but rather a cold comfort, to be able to say that tho candidates elected are not altogether the worst men that could have been found in tile Radical party. Tho country expected something boltel, and will hold it in renicaiberance that when there wa* an opportunity of redeeming the Capital of the State from corruption aud fraud which has long run riot therein they refused to ca*t th*ii* votes or raise a hand for reform. MEETING OF COUNTY DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION: The delegates to the County Democratic Convention, arc hereby notified that the convention will be called to order at 12 o’clock rn., on Tuesday the lith of April next. Sucl^townships as have not yet elected their delegates, will do so at once. The committee on organization in each township will be called upon for full reports. G. VV. Croft. Chairman, Should a*»y impecunious individaaL want to burry money ofyou tell him it’ll Lent, Don’t say “loaned.” Lo, the eonqueri ng heroes come! The Augusts Shuetzens will be out in full force. Grand pftttnemide concert first day, st four o’clock lh the afternoon Noteworthy —There was no rowdyism or a single case of drunkenness on the tournament grounds, on Thursday last. The grand panorama of the Pilgrim. or Voyage of Life. will probably cxhib it in Aiken next Tuesday aud Wednesday evenings. We understand that after this date reporters of jtlic f>re*e will not be permitted to take notes in the Mayor’s “Coat.” A FESTIVAL for a charitable purpose will be given at. the Town Hall, on Thursday evening next, by the ladies • f tho Bapti.-t Church. Come one, come all I The Rev. T. H Legare, missionary of the American Sunday School Union, will deliver an address on Sunday-school work, at the Methodist Church, to-morrow (Sunday) afternoon, at 5 o’clock. All are invited to attend. From 6 o’clock April 1st, to bp. rn* April 3d, a period of 48 hours. 3.45 inches of rain fell in Charleston. During the same period of time, more rain fell in Aiken than at any previous forty-eight hours for a long time past. Three hundred eggs are sometimes laid by a single Brown Leghorn lien in one season. This variety of fowls arc very hardy—not as subject to cholera as some other breeds. I am now booking I? orders lur eggs at the low price of one dollar per dozen. Address S. C. Sat-terthwait. Aiken, S. C. Old newspapers for silo at this office at fifty cents a hundred. To avoid accidents similar to that which happened on the tournament, grounds last Thursday, aud which came near being a serious one. we would observe that all persons who have the arrangement and putting up of platforms and seats lo; a public a-semM.-ige, should take particular care that they are constructed ii. a proper manner. •‘Snow. the Beautiful Sndw.”_ Tile snow is one hundred feet deep in the gulches of the Nevada Mountain*, Cal. The weather gauge up there reports 389 inches of snow as having fallen during the winter. One foot of snow fell in Worcester, Mass., on Wednesday last—the heaviest storm in twenty five years. We again cal) the attention of th< South Carolina Ratfotad Company b the fief that the fencing adjoining th1 bridge, on Newberry street, is still dowty As there is no lamp near this'bridge,'! ; is quite dangerous to drive across it a night. This should be looked pfter a once, before some sol accident occurs. ;