Advertisement Clipping from Oxnard Press Courier, Sun, Dec 15, 1974.

Clipped from US, California, Oxnard, Oxnard Press Courier, December 15, 1974

• Ti* Pr*»» Cowrlcris. m«ByWALTSTEGMEIRU.S. District Court JudgeThe open discrimination Harry Pregerson, in ordering»* fhnst Mexican-American continuation of the July 1971elementary pupils in the late integration plan, found thatWfts and 1940s by the Oxnard segregation in the OxnardSchool District boards of that schools did, in fact, start whenera has formed the basis for the school district maintained aintegration of schools in the dual school system.irosThat is the interpretationIIThis segregation continuedin more subtle forms*’ into theNearly to be drawn from a 12- 1950s and 19G0s and schoolge decision by a federal judge boards on these years took ast week in Los Angeles that “do-nothing”policyonwill continue court-ordered discrimination, PregersonintegrationofOxnard’s found.elementary schools at leastWhen the U.S. Circuit Court ofUl 1978.Appeals in San Francisco or-Deaths And FuneralsAV*V.\ViVaViSVAVAVtV#V#V#%%%ViV/*V.VAV/iV*VAVA!AM*:^;*!vXwI%*OAPPENEDDY CHARLES, passed away Thursday in Mississippi, as a result of on industrial accident He had lived inVmturji CVmiMv for wnart hotrvrndered Pregerson to hold a trial on whether the school boards of the past had deliberately intended to segregate pupils, the circuit court judges observed:“Nor has ... the city of Oxnard ever maintained a 'dual system* wherein students have been assigned to schools on account of race or ethnic background.**The three appellate court judges made this observation because no evidence had then been presented Oxnard once did have a dual school system, one for Mexican-Americans, one for Anglos.However, when Pregerson heard testimony during the appellate court-ordered trial on Sept. 24, plaintiffs’ attorneys Herb Nowlin and Joel Edelman did present evidence a dual school system existed in/Jitmnrf fKn 1QQAoIn tracing the continued second-rate treatment ol Mexicans, Pregerson cites the quote of former superintendent, Dr. Richard M. Clowes, who remembered Ramona School was lighted “by a single, bare light bulb in the center of aclassroom ceiling.”Clowes also testified that the floors of Ramona “were simplyblack asphalt” while Brittell School, which was built at the same time to serve Anglo children, was “well designed, with a nice exterior and recent lighting fixtures.”The former superintendent,who served from 1949 to 1961, added: “Brittell was a verydramatic contrast . . . with Ramona.”In tracing patterns of discrimination in the 1950s, Clowes testified that a principalfat Wi Ienn cnhnnl hnH o eiiIa If 0%