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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - June 19, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Showers Wectber Details on ftf JUNE 1942 PRICE 3 CHURCHILL BACK AMERIC S DESERT British Lash Back at Foe After Withdrawing to New Positions BIG GUNS MOVED UP By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June back after withdrawing to strong new positions along the Egyptian Britains desert fighters were harrassing the right flank of Field Marshall Erwin Rommels Axis armies today in an effort to reduce pressure on That stronghold apparently was virtually cut off from overland communications by the British withdrawal and the Germans were reported moving up great nineinch largest mobile weapons ever used in the bring it under In an attempt to impede these a British communique swift mechanized units of Lieut Neil Ritchies eighth army swept out from the new border defense line and knifed in behind Rommels forces in a swift surprise attack from the The communique indicated that the Tobruks defenders were hold ing strong positions and the post appeared in no immediate The reestablishment of the im perial forces came after withdraw announced from the desert towns of El Adem and Sidi south and southeast of the Mediterranean port which the British have held almost 17 months through offensive and Our mobile operating from the are confining enemy columns to the coastal a communique Shell Enemy Troops A British column in these roving operations was reported to have shelled enemy troops on the El Adem Gar troops in the Tobruk area yesterday destro3ed three enemy tanks and damaged four the communique indicating that Field Marshal Erwrn Rom mels Axis spearheads already were striking in force at the ports outer thunder of heavy gunfire already rumbled ominously along the perimeter of Tobruks outer fortifications as its British defend ers made ready for an attempt to duplicate the famous stand they made last when they held out for eight months against encircling GermanItalian At intervals the big guns of the port itself added their sullen voices to the mounting tumult sending shells screaming across the high escarpment at hidden Axis armored columns maneuvering over the sand in an effort to cut the coastal road leading to the Egyptian SO miles from and thus com plete the ring of steel they are forging around the With the mam body of the Brit ish eighth army already withdrawn to new positions near the it appeared certain that Rommel would try to seize Tobruk and re move that threat to his left flank before trying to push further east Observers believed that so much of the German leaders striking power had been spent in the past 26 days of continuous desert fight ing that he was in no position to press a general offensive at the present Designed to Give Fleet World Supremacy June 19 ship construction measure designed to give the United States fleet unquestioned world supremacy went to the Sen ate today after winning unanimous and enthusiastic House The House Appropriations Com mittee began immediately the final stages of its study of the armys with the likelihood that a recordhigh bill of approxi mately than the entire cost of World War 1 emerge for action For the past a subcom mittee on military expenditures has been consulting high ranking army and its report prob ably will offer new evidence of the arrays swiftly expanding bgth in men and The unprecedented naval expan sion measure was passed by the House yesterday on a roll call vote of 316 to after naval committee members declared completion of the program in 1346 would find countrys fleet stronger than tie combined navies of all the rest of the fhe measure would authorize construction of tons of air craft tons of light and heavy cruisers and tons of destroyers and destroyer escort To combat the submarine menace to coastwise it provided also for sub torpedo natrol Gun Crews Show They Can Take It Editors Note This is the fifth thrilling story of the Battle of the Coral Sea by who aboard the aircraft carrier was the only newspaper man to witness the By STAJTLEV JOHNSTON Free PressChicago Tribune Wire In the earlier two phases of the historic Coral Sea battle our American air squadrons had sur trapped and annihilated Jap anese fleets with a swiftness and efficiency that was horrible to con by the victorious air fighters and bombers them But in the third and last stage of this fiveday first n history in which seaborne air armadas fought out pitched battles far from and the first in modern times in which a Japanese leet sustained a crushing ve found out how American sai gunners and airmen could ake it on the receiving end of an air assault Our men exacted a grim and icavy American gun crews ought absolutely unshaken hrough the worst blitzing the apanese could Words can lardly describe the universal hero sm of our men in this great tes if the American Navy in the Cora From the keel to the admirals bridge on the aircraf carrier Lexington there was no man who failed to rise far above normal Turn to Page 3 HIT BY BOMBERS The War Department reported that Army B24 bombers scored a number of direct hits on the Italian battleship Conte Di Cavour fore ground in sea fighting June 15th on the Mediter as well as on the The Conte Di Cavour is here plowing the seas ahead of a sister the Giulia during Italian war An Highway Department nounces 25 Miles Will Be Resurfaced The Michigan State Highway De artment announced today atEan ing that all improvements on US J23 between Blissfield and the in ersection with US112 near Somer et Center would cost a total of A contract was awarded esterday to the Cook Construction Company of Detroit for resurfacing and widening the highway anc traightening some of the curves etween Adrian and The tretch to be improved is about ight miles In 25 miles f highway between Blissfield and the US112 intersection will be re according to the Lansing announcement The US223 project was included n a list of other road improvement lans in Michigan that will cost a otal of The work has een approved by the War Produc ion because the highways are con idered essential to the transporta on of war The resur acing between Adrian and the in ersection with US112 will cover bout 17 miles of The ederal government will pay hall f the cost When the work is completed US 23 between the US112 intersection nd the Ohio state line will be radically rebuilt Last summer a ong stretch of new concrete was aid between the Riga intersection and Ottawa one of the cur es on the stretch being Vork already is under way at a oint northwest of Devils lake here the grade is being changed nd new concrete is being laid at le crossing with the Cincinnati Northern SHINES Ill By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The annnuneed number of sub marinesunk Allied and neutral ships in the Western Atlantic since Pearl Harbor stood at 277 today while from an other reported un Latest announced which brought to possibly 14 if the Bogota report was number of merchantmen reported lost this were those of a small Norwegian vessel in the Gulf of Mexico and a small Dutch freighter in the A single torpedo from an Axis sub sank the Norwegian ship in three June the navy announced killing two crewmen and injuring four Scene of the attack was so close to shore that 20 survivors rowed their crowded life boat into port 15 hours The sinking of the Dutch off point Pajaro Wednesday night was reported by the Bogota La which said two German Uboats sent it to the bottom after an ex change of Colombian vessels rescued 30 crew members and six passengers La Razon and recovered the body of hiri first Threatens to Bar Them From War Work If Stoppage Is Not Ended June 15 gov ernment and leaders of the Unitec Automobile Workers CIO took steps today to prevent another in terruption of work by gunmakers at the Hudson naval ordnance plant over Negro employment on President Thomas of the who was flown here in a Navy plane from nounced with coofficials of the UAWCIO that instigators of a work stoppage yesterday would be sought out and penalized to the full extent of our Several thousand day shift work ers were involved in the which Thomas called unauthorized and a flagrant violation of the sec tion of the union constitution for bidding racial Thomas ordered the men to return to work or to face expulsion from the Secretary of the Navy Knox had demanded imme diate resumption of work in a tele gram to Capt in charge of the and said the situation warranted the as sumption that the men who quit work were disloyal and subject to immediate Capt Wotherspoon said white workers had protested the promo tion of eight Negroes to production All eight are upon members with accumulated senior he As a plants here have given Negroes the foundry Secretary Knoxs sent to Capt Wotherspoon for transmis sion to the Hudon management and said The Navy Department is in formed that productionemployees in your plant have refused this morning to continue work follow ing introduction of a few Negro p employees I am are union as machine too operators at the plant Such action is clearly in vio lation of the Presidents executive order 8802 and is known to be without sanction of national and local union This plant is engaged solely in vital war is entirely owned by the Government which bears all operating and has been designated as a military res Under such the refusal to continue normal work warrants assumption the men are disloyal to the Government and P not only are subject to immediate but may be prevented Erom obtaining employment in other industrial establishments en gaged in war Immediate resumption of work is therefore GETS LIFE IN PRISON NEW June 19 line 28yearold was sentenced today life imprisonment for her part n the murder of Susan Flora wealthy Polish last March Her Eli and John Cullen convicted with were sentenced by general sessions Judge Jonah Goldstein to die in the electric chair during the week of July Miss Webb had been convicted of first degree murder with a rec ommendation of but no such recommendation was made for Cul en and making imposi tion of the death penalty manda Proud To Be PASSES BILL T o Be rluHiLKu YORK June 19 Douglas MacArthur cabled the National Fathers Day Them Time to Get on yesterday that while he was Financially After to be a soldier I am infinitely to be a Discharge Shosen by the committee as June 19 standing American father of in the shadow of such MacArthur legislation as the 550 a Nothing has touched me soldier pay another deeply than the act of the of financial importance to Fathers Day By men awaited Senate ac fession I am a soldier and today after winning unani pride in that but I am House infinitely to be a as the soldiers and A soldier destroys in order civil relief act amendments The father only it provides for the sus er The one has the of normal legal pro tentialities of the other and the extinction of bodies creation of And legal rights in favor of service the hordes of death are while they are in the battles of life are mightier House approved it yester My hope is that my when with but little debate after am will remember me Sparkman from the battle but in the author and chief ex repeating with him our it was designed to give re daily Our Father who to the boy who is called into in and to afford him a rea time after his discharge to nun rnniiT on his feet rnllNI bill among other LnU 1 liUlil that it shall be illegal to Mi nw Mm more than six per cent in RY M on any obligation incurred DI a man prior to his entrance into and unpaid at the time he June 19 regardless of any previous Commissar Vyacheslav emphasized anew the urgent task of creating a second European front in 1942 before the Supreme Soviet last night and expressed the hope that our common enemy will soon experience the results of the evergrowing military collaboration of Britain and the United guarantees the payment of premiums on private life insurance policies up to a face value of if the policy was in effect at the time a man entered and allows the purchaser three years after his discharge to pay the premiums that accumulated during his period of Home from his historic protects comakers and accom in London and signers on notes of men tov presented to the into the service protects Soviet the 20year mutual in the armed forces from the ance treaty he negotiated in of their property through fail don and received its to keep up installment pay With Premier while in the service relieves Stalin watching and on criminal bail bonds nodding Molotov are through no fault Jie treaty consolidated their to perform their ob Russian relations into a stable and relieves persons call iance for the war and the into the arraed services from under leases after their Turn to Page Chinese Expect Japs To At Siberia Some Time In June 19 conditions for a naval High Chinese quarters asserted against Vladivostok and day that private would be ideal during ion just received here next few they but hem that Japan intended to was considered that the fall at Siberia some time in early October would be Russia and Japan have a suited for operations of a me year neutrality and 3act which was signed April Chungking quarters con and which has been that the Japanese general despite the fact that Japan is preferred to postpone trying war against the United States further conquests in the south Great aiders of Russia in favor of strategy affect cofighters against Russias territory nearer they was one of the They said that withdrawals effects of the United the the air force raid April 18 on Sast Indies and other theaters war brought Japanese forces Japanese want to establish Manchuria back to the security it was stated strength of 33 the time when American These together production would be translat special railway garrison into a fullscale offensive hi the were stated to have of Japan he Japanese close to quarters said they were n that that with this in There was much had two principal objectives over whether the Japanese Hawaii and or navy would play the Japanese defeat hi the bat role in any prospective attack of Midway precluded an at on they and Chinese quarters said therefore was expected to conquests in the southwest against fic had been more military events forced a change in naval and that consequently they an allout Japanese navy was eager to against China was to be ex especially as it had lost face in before striking battles of the Coral Sea and became a decisive factor in POWER Say Shock Troops Lose Again in Fierce Attacks on Sevastopol STORMS SLOW FIGHTING By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June of Germanys offensive power was implied by a Russian military writ er today and the Russian informa tion bureau said Nazi shock troops again had lost heavily during fierce but futile attacks upon Coincident with the opening of the third week of the Axis drive against Crimean naval base besieged since last it was disclosed that drenching thun derstorms had slowed fighting in an associated operation on the Kharkov 400 miles to the Russian officials ignored a dec laration by the German high com mand that its forces had stormed Sevastopols northern fortifications and were within two miles of the harbor The heroic defenders of Sevas topol courageously and staunchly beat off numerous at the information bureau re ported of yesterdays One Russian company at two German the bureau killing 100 and forcing the survivors into a disorderly An artillery battery annihilated 300 Germans in defense of the the bureau Russian ranging water ways as well as the land front from the Arctic to the Black were credited with sinking an Axis trans port and a patrol boat and dam aging five mine sweepers and a patrol ship Nikolaj military observer of the Moscow said the Germans were throwing increasing number ol troops and equipment against but its position re mained estimated earlier that Erich mar shaled soldiers for the on slaught Zhuravlev said Russian and groundjjunners heavily into the German air fleet reducing scale of the aerial attacks At the same time the writer de clared that Field Marshal Fedor von Bocks offensive before launched June 10 under cover of a bombard was confined to a 15mile Believed Seeking Assistance of In Middle East TYPE PLANES But Their Bombing Is Report ed Less Accurate Than in Philippines By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A L LIK D Aus June fliers were reported by an air force spokesman today to be using two new type planes in the southwest lightened Zero fighter and a cannonbearing medium loosing their explo sives even less accurately than they did over the The spokesman said standard United States models such as the B26 medium bomber and the P39 and P40 fighters had countered the new The Japanese are not very clever about he told a press If they had a good bombsight and could use it they would be better They are using an electrical automatic opti cal hombsight similar to one I saw in Germany in It is not par ticularly An example of poor Japanese bombing procedure is their use of balloons for wind which is downright It is kindergarten At Port Moresby advanced Allied base in New Guinea they are using white smoke to get the wind The Japanese are bombing less accurately than in the where they were A formation of 18 heavy escorted by was reported by General Douglas MacArthur headquarters to have unsuccessfully attacked the harbor area of Port Moresby damaging one small Turn to Page 9 CLOSED BY STRIKE June 19 Detroit area rendering companies were closed by a strike and Pierce attorney for the said the situation might force a shutdown of meat packing houses within two Wright said the struck plants dispose of tons of offal from ing houses and butcher shops each and that the packers are not equipped for such disposal opera He estimates that about 400 members of a Packing House Workers Union unit of the CIO went on strike at midnightafter a breakdown of negotiations on wages and working Steellndustry Prepares For Wage Increase June 19 Leaders in the steel industry are steeling themselves for a general wage increase which some estimate will amount to almost a year and become effective with in 60 to 90 Nearly all executive with whom the situation was discussed today aid they believed the War Labor Board would grant a substantial pay boost in the pending little steel case and that it will have to be accepted by the entire in The CIO United Steel Workers of America asked for a 51 a day in crease and a union shop agreement from tHe Little Steel group of Inland Steel and the Youngstown Sheet and Tube The boards factfinding panel last week submitted a draft of its preliminary finding to the litigants and they rebutted in Washington on Informed sources said the find ing suggested the union was en titled to the boost because the cost of living has increased 12 per cent and more in steel towns since the last 10 cents an hour increase more than a year and because workers in other durable goods in dustries are getting more pay per if not per The panel will submit its final report June 25 and the board will start a public hearing on June Steel men said the would pay for most this increase diminished returns from the corp6rationsrexcess prof its nless the operators are permitted to boost Collects Pounds in First Four Days With the nationwide rubber sal vage drive nearing the halfway gasoline tank truck driver who lives near is setting a record for other drivers to shoot at In the first four days of the Alverson collected a to tal of pounds of salvage rub most of it in worn out rubber from Lenawee county farm He has been spending from three to five hours a day outside of working hours collecting the rub With no other way to haul it to Adrian he tied the old tires on his tank truck with rope and wire and tossed other rubber articles into every possible place where they could be His collec tions have averaged almost SOO pounds a A North Main Street gasoline service station reported today that asmall girl rode her bicycle into the station yesterday and explained that she wanted to donate the rub ber grips off the handlebars of her She was insistent and the attendant cut the grips off and put them into the big pile already Oil men now are making an ef fort to get salvage rubber from some of the larger trucking com Truck companies are urged to turn in discarded tires during the The county road com mission already has surveyed its equipment and has turned in its supply of salvage Piles of used rubber at gasoline stations have been getting bigger One gasoline station atten dant said that his collection for the drive would exceed ten Some of the big companies that operate in the county expect to collect con siderably BULLETINS ALLIED Aus June 19 for a third time in the past three Japanese heavy time 18 strong with a formidable fight er escort struck today at Port Moresbys harbor It was the 62nd raid on the allied base in New NEW June 19 British Broadcasting heard by quoted German re ports today that the Russians had made a landing on the Crimean coast near Kerch and that Russian marines attempted another landing near southeast of No mention of such landings was made in German broadcasts heard By THE ASSOCIATED June of the main purposes of Prime Minister Churchills current visit to Wash ington is believed in some quarters to be enlistment of additional United States help hi holding the Middle East against expected Gerr man thrusts from Libya toward Egypt and from the Russian Ukraine into the The extreme gravity of the Libyan Egyption situation was viewed today by competent sources as likely to postpone until 1943 any really big United Nations land of fensive in western although Commando raids may be The hitandrun raids would meet the clamor for a second front which the British maninthestreet hopes will result from Churchills newest Washington visit Strategists know that Egypt must be held if the Allies are to bar Hitler from the Middle Eastern oil fields and they know that it is the main bastion against Nazi union with the Japanese some where east of Suez for a sharing of the riches of the Indies and a cutting of Allied supply lines to southern The presence of American army bombers and other war equipment hi this theater proves President Roosevelts regard for the import ance of Egypt and the Suez just as the successes of the Axis Libyan Marshal Rom prove that the present forces in the Middle east still are not enough for What Axis Success Means From a purely military stand point Rommels success means British may have to di vert some troops and thus leave the country adjacent to oilrich Iraq open to Nazi airborne in at a time when there are increasing reports of German glider exercises in the region of Germans probably will start heavy bombing raids on Alex naval base key to the east ern the Axis can draw away British ahand naval strength the Axis might try to invade Malta to ease the ItalianGerman supply route from Italy to can be expected to open a big land offensive toward Egypt Alexandria and Suez when and if he can remove the Tobruk thorn from the Axis Libyan To forestall all these and to se cure the southern supply route to informed sources said that Churchill would like to have more American planes and ships in the Mediterranean even if it means it probably does that dis tribution of Allied personnel material is limited by shipping space a delay in invasion Important political aspects also were pointed out From the do mestic if British re verses in the Middle East continue the Churchill government might find itself in the same disfavor as after the fall of Must Consider Opinion In it was the prime minister must consider American which invariably suffers an antiBritish turn with every British and ing neutrals such as Turkey Sweden which are strategically the British could salvage the Middle Eastern camr paign with American help the Churchill government it was point ed could easily appease second frontiers by filling in the period of postponement with largescale Commando raids and smashing air The fact that the operations soon will be reinf orced by American participation would have a further good effect on the British according to informed Britains Prime Minister and Americas President put then heads together at a secret renezvous to day over winthewar and an abundance of factors added to a conviction on either side of the Atlantic that they were weigh ing plans for opening a second bat Presidential secretary Stephen Early said he considered specula tion on a second front perfectly It was Early who announced last night that Winston Eng lands picturesque war had come to the United States a second time within seven bringf ing with nun some of his topflight military for conferences on the the conduct of the and the winning of the The spectacular flight of Churdi ill and his party to this country converted it for the time being into headquarters for a major segment of the military high command of the United The entire world looked toward as a for portentous decis ions which might start the war off on a new and fateful tangent Turn to Page ;