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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - June 18, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGEAM Warmer Wttthcr DeaIU on Two JUNE 1942 PRICE 3 Rommels Axis Divisions Ap parently Threaten New Siege of Tobruk ACROMA STILL MANNED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June withdraw al of British forces from desert positions at El Adem and Sidi Re zegh was announced here today and Marshal Erwin Rommels Axis di visions apparently imminently threatened a new siege of British headquarters reported the removal of the garrisons of El 18 miles south of and Sidi 25 miles to the strong points of their realigned defenses since the Ain E GazalaBir Hacheim line was shat tered by GermanItalian The troops set up new lines be tween Tobruk and the Egyptian British observers The Italian high command as serted aerial reconnaissance show ed that the British had started a general withdrawal toward tin Egyptian Acroma apparently was stil It lies about 20 miles west of Mediterranean deep water port which the British havi held since they captured it from the Italians on 194L Our mobile forces are continu Ing to harass the enemy in the area south and west of a com munique The location of the new British positions was not Land communications with To bruk remained But i thrust northeastward to the Medi terranean by the Axis would again isolate the port in which a British imperial garrison held out under the siege almost eight months later April 15 until it was re lieved 10 by a second drive from Tank Forces Weakened Britons acknowledged that their tank strength had been reduced in desert to below that of the WHERE ALLIES STRUCK ITALIAN NAVY fighters and bombers British were reported maintain ing aerial An RAF commentator said the British had more planes in action over the dessert than the combined German and Italian air There are not more than 10 German divebombers in Libya anc no attack on our positions has num bered more than 30 he The headlong Axis assault on Tobruk has not yet reached the perimeter defenses of the sources British chances to retrieve the situation rest on the ability of the garrison to withstand Rommels at tacks until reinforcements arrive from Egypt to mount a counter A heavy Axis assault on To bruk is expected by British com mentators who say an actual in vasion to reach the Suez is im possible without possession of To the desert fortress on the Mediterranean shore which withstood an historic eightmonth siege in may be beleaguered again by the Axis The which the Italians built up as a main base in their preparations for an assault on Egypt in was captured Jan by the British Imperial mostly in Gen Sir Archibald Wavells surprise offensive which destroyed an Ital ian army and drove more than halfway across Turn to Page 12 Strike Forces Cancellation Of Hero Reception June 18 plat form at the plant of the Alumi num Company of America here which was to have been used for a reception of visiting war heroes was dismantled today without having served its War production at the plant was going forward but settle ment of a strike did not come about in time for the war heroes Some workers stopped work Tuesday night The plant re mained closed yesterday and the heroes reception was The decorated with stood The strikers voted yesterday af ternoon to return to work at the urging of army air corps procure ment a state labor media and leaders of the Aluminum Workers of America There are Strikers said they protested the managements refusal to negoti ate a new contract Upde plant superintendent said the strike was caused by dissatis faction of a few employees with a job evaluation schedule asked by the Air Raid Warden Schools Seventh and eighth precincts at First and tenth precincts at New Friday Second and third lessons at New McKinley All schools begin at CORSICA ITALY iilTyrrhenia TARANTOlII SARDINIA J o i DERNA TOBRUK TRIPOLI MISURATA1 London announced that convoys from the west and east reached Malta and Tobruk successfully despite engagements with Italian air and naval In one engagement an Italian naval sighted south of Taranto and attacked 1 by United States bombers and RAF squadrons white arrows striking from Malta and was turned back with heavy Another Italian force south of Pantelleria 2 was hard hit by Royal navy torpedo planes and the Vinson Seeks Approval Fleet Expansion Bill June 18 ff Continuing construction of battle ships was described by Chairman Vinson of the House na val committee today as essential insurance against a possibility j that future carrier losses might turn sea warfare into an old fashioned slugging He offered that observation in making it clear that the day of the big battlewagon was not de spite the havoc wrought against them recently by torpedo and that the navy intended to con tinue work on battleships already At the same time Vinson reiter ated his contention craft carrier had that the become air the backbone of the fleet as he went before the rules committee seek ing a goahead signal for an fleet expansion meas ure which emphasizes floating aerial striking In a formal the House listed tons of fighting ships built since 1934 now in service and tons more under con Passage of the expansion designed to double the size of the would add to that total 000 tons of aircraft 000 tons of light and heavy cruis and tons of destroyers and destroyer escort Smaller Craft In it would provide for smaller craft to combat sub For the first the committee offered a saying it would build 400 steel sub 200 wooden sub 200 torpedo boats and 200 other patrol craft It informed Congress that the navy is fully alive to the if not decisive role that aircraft carriers and the planes based thereon are playing in the present and said that the as a planned to concentrate on immediate carrier This does not the report that other types of com batant ships have lost their long range but the policy of the navy in concentrating on carriers for the present is entirely This will necessitate deferring the construction of certain other types of the immediate need for which is not so The committee told Congress that the navy had estimated the ast keel authorized under the pending act would be laid by 1944 and that the last ship un der the program would be in serv ice by the end of Hint Growing Wave of Tenor In Europe June IS A grow ing wave of with repressive measures of the Nazi conquerors increasing in savagery and ingenu was reported from many parts of occupied Europe last On the German home front it reports the Nazis have opened a new propaganda drive calling for fortitude and iron pur pose warning of the dire consequences of defeat By the reports reach ing London gave this picture of the latest Nazis moves to make good their new order in Europe Poland More than per sons were arrested in Warsaw yes the Polish government in exile in a noon mass raid and were carried pre to ethers who were seized in Warsaw at few weeks ago and sent lio Germany as slave The Polish government in exile also said it had received word that 12 women and three men accused of distributing underground news papers were hanged publicly in Poznan June Turn to Page 12 CHARGE AGAINST STEPHAN IS ONE OF June TREASON 18 charge against Max Stephan who allegedly aided an escaped Nazi flier on his flight from a Canadian concentration today is one of treason and conviction could mean a death A federal grand jury returned an indictment and Ste held now in bond on a charge of harboring an will be anaigned tomorrow on the treason The maximum penalty is the minimum five years imprisonment operator of a cafe near the Detroit is charged with helping Lieutenant Peter Nazi air force while the latter was fleeing from the Bow prison camp last recaptured in Tex testified before the grand jury and may be a trial This is the first treason case of this war in this Federal agents said that Stephan fed and clothed obtained a hotel room for and arranged for his bus transportation to Chi HEADS BOMBER COMMAND June 18 Caleb Haynes has been appoint ed chief of the American bomber command in it was an nounced Japan Watches 12 Plunge Editors Note This is the fourth of the thrilling stories on the Bat tle of the Coral Sea by John aboard the aircraft car rier was the only newspaper man to witness the ac To ese Fliers Death In Sea Job Is Given to Detroit Company A contract calling for the re surfacing of highway US223 be tween Blissfield and Adrian and the straightening of several curves has been awarded to the Cook Con struction Company of Detroit by the state highway department The contract amounted to 000 and work is to be started im Martin director of the branch of the highway der said today that the higiayay west of Adrian also will get attention this It is probable that the asphalt recap ping will be applied for 8 miles west of Two stretches of pavement about a mile and a one located south of Blissfield and the west poorJ be necessary to them en WARDENS WILL GEI Series of Lessons Next Week AnnouncedAby Kuney A new tenhour first aid course for air raid wardens who have not previously received such instruc tion will begin next week at the Garfield and New McKinley grade Some of the air raid wardens completed a tenhour course giv en by Red Cross first aid at the high school during the Others went on and took the standard Red Cross first aid course and soon will receive Still other wardens have taken the Red Cross first aid course with other It will not be necessary for those who already have had first aid in struction to take the work chief air raid war today urged all wardens in the city who have not received the first aid instruction to report at the schools next He also em phasized the necessity of wardens obtaining substitutes who might take over their work in an emer gency and he urged the wardens to bring their substitutes to the first aid Bring your wives and your Kuney and fill up the first aid classes so well have substitutes available if they are We hope it wont be necessary to give the course lot of substitutes arrange another In the event a turn out well course of instruction in the organi zation of the air raid warden sys fire bombs and gas defense to qualify the late comers as air raid The important thing is to fill up the first aid classes now while they are It is es By JOHNSTON Free FresiChleaco Tribune Wire A pillar of flame and the funeral pyre of 12 Japanese the second stage of the epic fiveday Coral Sea bat This was one of the unforget table sights I saw during the tense moments of the first of the worlds fight between modern air craft carrier It was majestic and a threat of what was ahead for all f for the big Japanese patrol lane that turned there so fiercely n the sky and on the fell right the heart of our twocarrier task speeding Our fighter patroling in found the Ka ranishi fourengined longrange flying boat with a 132foot wing in the cloud layer that covered us at the The plane was first seen right over the which was in the center of our protective cruiser and destroyed Lieut Commander leader of the patrol then in the called to us on the signal bridge over the fighter radio JAPS HAVE LOST TEN MEM AND PLANES Nimitz Claims Stunning Vic tory for in Coral Midway Battles OUR STRENGTH GROWING By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS PEARL June 18 American air power won a stun ning victory of 10 Japanese men and planes for every one lost by the United States in the Coral Sea and Midway Island battles and rap idly is being bulwarked for even greater sledgehammer Admiral Chester Nimitz made the cheering disclosures yesterday aboard a fighting ship in an ad dress to his Pacific fleet during which he urged veterans of the two Titanic seaair fights to hold the line until our reinforcements are ready to take Acklowledging that losses to United States carrier air groups have been heavy since the war due to initial Japanese air the commanderin chief of the Pacific fleet strongly hinted that the picture was chang ing Whereas the personnel on air craft carriers had to fight on with little rest or relief in the first stages of the Admiral Nimitz said It will soon be possible to organize additional carrier groups and to rotate Although we feel keenly the loss of many fine officers and we take pride in knowing they gave their lives to turn back grave threats to our he de We can take satisfaction in the knowledge that in every meeting with the enemy since 7 his losses have greatly exceeded and that in the Coral Sea and Mid way actions his personnel losses were at least ten times greater than and his plane losses in almost the same We are greatly increasing our battle New planes and pilots are being added in con stantly increasing Praises Teamwork Admiral Nimitz praised the team work of the Navy and Ma rines in achieving the Midway vic and announced medal awards to personnel of the aviation corps and the Bue he pointed out that air powc Troops On New Caledonia Fit And Ready For Enemy Editors Note Ian Australian official war corre spondent who reported the battle of has just completed a 500mile inspection trip through New Free French is land east of and de scribes its defenses in the hands of United States troops who have been on guard there since By IAN FITCHETT Official Australian War Correspondeat June 18 Well well fit and a United States fight ing force that is the equal in spir it and training of any army I have ever stands prepared to re pel any Japanese threat to the is land New astride the sea lane from the United States to The completeness of their prep arations is a No troops in the world today are serving under more pleasant con ditions than these soldiers from the States who are quartered un der canvas and eat in the open on rustic benches and tables in this coralfringed mountainous wood land of singular There are few relaxations on New Caledonia to which the city bred man is For countrybred the hundreds of square miles of brush and jungle are a and even the men from the cities are catching on to the fishing and hunting with Each man gets at least one day a week to and organized hunting and fishing parties are The hills echo with the crack of rifles as men hunt There are fish for the taking in the inland streams and the rocky coastal thickly along the coast in the swarm the Oysters cluster mangrove roots and huge crabs of has played the in Jcbriditifcthat it will arid off Midway and off Midway will continue to do so as the war The Coral Sea and Midway bat tles are the first in history in which aerial duels were fought by car rier he The Coral Sea and Midway bat tles are he first in history in which great aerial duels were fought by carrier he Our air groups have by their skill and the super iority of our They have shown that in our in our planes and in our personnel is the stuff that makes for Admiral Nimitz read of congratulations for a magnifi cent victory off Midway which was sent by Secretary of Navy Knox The battle of Midway will pro vide one of the most inspiring pages in American naval history for al Secretary Knox The crushing defeat of a huge Japanese fleet off Midway thwarted capture of that island defending the approaches to Hawaii and con stituted one phase of the masterful strategy of Admiral Nimitz hi cut ting the Japanese navy to 4 PLANES CRASH Deaths in the crash of four Roya Canadian Air Force planes in northern New Yorks rugged moun tains reached three today with dis covery of two additional bodies in a wrecked to be ac counted The victims were identified as a pilot officer whose plans was one of three wrecked on Ragged Lake Mountain 15 miles southeast of and Va warrant officer second and a leading aircraftsman whose name was given as Theor Bodies of Legacy and Theorette were located soon after dawn a crumpled plane on a nearby moun tain after a 24hour The each carrying two were blown off their course on a training flight early yester A Ka at right over circuit wanishi His voice died then came in strongly from the loud He said Wait a minute and Ill show him to All Huge Jap Plane Afire of us who could rushed to scan the Out of the cloud vapor less than a mile away popped the huge Japanese afire and spinning madly in an uncontrolled descent The barely visible at bloomed The burning wreckage crashed into the The fire turned to thick black Jorgensen railed iiis shots for the whole fleet to and de livered as he Turn to Page 4 timated that between a third and a half of the citys air raid wardens have taken first aid Turn to Page Three men are hospitalized with minor two were treated for slight cuts and Everything From Kiddie Car To Old Heels Goes in Rubber The citizens of Adrian are and tennis the smallest tributing wholeheartedly to will be nations mounting rubber On probing into the articles elderly man when depositing his scrap rubber Thats to rubber out the Another in the citys numerous heaps enthusiastically I think black it was found that is everybodys residents are contributing in public sentiment shows thing from kiddie car tires to thesalvage campaign is meet water bottle with complete approval and co One gasoline station is even In the nooks and vertising with lettering on the of the city are being so of a car urging to scoured for vital arti their rubber at its of scrap rubber that many If you are m doubt as to are keeping at watchful your prospective contribution on the younger generation for dont hesitate to that rubber articles not yet your nearest service station out will be salvaged for a few ant With people already such oddities as shower estimate of the total amount drain boardi rubber in the city to date wasj rubber caster but the are getting stair rubber jar 1 Says Those Who Dont Buy Now May Face Meatless Houses Next Winter June 18 If and America dont get busy and have their coal bins filled theyre facing the possibilitv of heatless houses next with fuel not to be had for love nor was the warning of Fuel Coordinator Harold Ickes who said today the nation was not pro viding itself with full protection against coal shortages despite the governments repeated urging that all consumers buy coal Ickes aides already are at work on an emergency coal allocation against the possibility that the war haulage burden on trans portation systems may cause coal The cobrdinator said each house holder shquld put in his entire winters supply this if pos and he said he thought sup plies adequate for 60 to 90 days were not too much for the ordinary industrial consumer to have on Vital war industries and he ought to carry coal enoughto last at least 120 Soft coal stocks held by industrial railroads and coal dealers rose from tons on April 1 to tons on May ac cording to estimates of the bitumin ous coal of the Interior representing an in crease from an average of 38 days supply in storage to an average of 43 days the government has no means of estimating coal held in basements and backyards for house While shipments are higher now than usual for this season Ickes said it wpuld be neces sary to intensify the rate of stor age during the rest of the summer to enable mines and carriers to get full use of their while the transportation facilities are French is the native and the United States soldiers have ac quired enough local patois to get along with the farmers and na Tobacco is plentiful and although usually appears on the soldiers ration For all of the men are nev er allowed to forget they are part of an army with a big job to Although little can be said of their there is more than enough being done here to satis fy the severest military When work continues night and The troops appear to be well equipped with sports A good deal of baseball and Softball is There are several first class bands on the island and there are always transports available to move them around to different Slit trenches have been dug ev erywhere for the protection of the troops and civilians in case of a sudden air An indication of the care taken of transports is the rule that every vehicle must be taken down after miles of John Had Been III Long Time June 18 president of the council and for years a prominent figure hi city died last night at the Detroit tuberculosis sanitarium after a long He was 59 years From a boyhood of Smith fought his way to achieve ment which included five years in the state the mayorality of and several terms on the council during which he was a dominant influence hi the munici pal government Previously Smith was deputy state labor establish ing a mark of strict enforcement of new labor laws in the 191213 peri and in 1920 he became post master of Detroit and championed the cause of air The veteran who picked up his early education as best while helping to sup port his family as a serv ed as a 3 Insurrectiod When home trom the the result of a shell but he took up studies at the University of Detroit and meanwhile learned to be a Part of his hearing was ultimately restored by a specialist Politics received him in 1908 as a ward worker and from then on he came frequently before the finally going to the state senate arid identifying himself with progressive social Smith was elected mayor in 1923 to fill out the unexpired term of a resigned predecessor and was re elected in He was defeated in 1927 and 1929 and in after the recall of Mayor Charles he and Bowles were defeated in a special election by Frank the present associate justice of the Supreme Court Terms in the city council fol lowed for and he was presi dent at the time of his His died on the day of his last of the tragedies of the later years of his His Dorothy died last Smiths only immediate survivor is a John Smith ATTACK NAZI June 18 warplanes attacked the Nazi sub marine base at Nazaire on the occupied French coast last laid mines in enemy waters and at tacked military targets in northern France and the air min istry announced One fighter plane was a communique German Shock Troops Re polled in Attacks on Citys Fortifications 47 TANKS ARE SMASHED By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June 18 German shock troops seeking since June 5 to seize Sevastopols fortifications and its clifflined roadstead were repulsed in firece fighting again yesterday and Red Army men de molished or disabled 47 Nazi tanks elsewhere along the the Russian information bureau said United Statesbuilt Consolidat ed Liberator bombers were report ed unofficially in a Stockholm dispatch to London to be operat ing with the Red air force in de fense of The fourmotored craft were described as similar to those which landed in Turkey after a raid on Rumanian oil fields by an American squadron last It was not stated whether their crews were American or Suggesting an Axis fishing ex pedition for information via neu tral Sweden was the fact that the Berlin radio implied last Friday that the craft which landed in Turkey had operated at Sevasto The German broadcaster said a Turkish statement quoted tha pilots as saying they chased across the Black Sea from the Se vastopol front by Nazi Savage German attacks upon the longbesieged Crimean naval base were turned back in the 13th day of the and hundreds of Nazi dead and shattered assault vehicles littered the the Russians On the Kharkov we de stroyed 15 enemy tanks and an nihilated nearly German of ficersand a statement ad Thirty two additional tanks were reported piled up along cen tral and northern reaches of the combat 14 hi a battle behind Nazi lines at the center in which 700 Germans were declared The statement said Russian fliers destroyed or damaged 70 German troop trucks and 30 sup ply silenced seven artillery blew up six rdmtary1 freight train sgjjjj a torpedo boat Concede Slight Chance For Approval Of Sales Tax By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS June sales tax was conceded by its ad vocates today to have only an out side chance of approval as the House Ways and Means Committee began putting the finishing touches on a tax bill which probably will produce about in new Hoping to end its work in a the committee still has to vote formally on a sales tax and two other postwar credit for corporations which pay high excess profits and with holding of individual income taxes at the The Administration was reported to be exerting terrific pressure against what sales tax sentiment remained in the and one of those who has been advocat ng it to make up the difference Between the present bill and the Treasurys revised goal observed it looks like were Informed sources said that Demo cratic congressional chieftains had urged that the bill be brought to lie floor as soon as possible even if that meant a sales tax would be deferred for later It was learned that the commit tee vote on this question would come before next Wednesday barring unforseen increased selective excise instead of a general retail As the committee sought to wind up its work its tentative actions would produce new revenue as follows including manda tory joint Miscellaneous and 5971 The current committee trend to ward taxes sales tax was emphasized yesterday when the bills total revenue from that source was boosted 000 to The largest gain approved tenta tively was a 5 per cent tax on transportation of freight and ex press iby estima ted produce the committee ordered that secondclass postal rates be raised an not to off set the annual deficit of the postoffice department transporting newspapers and peri The committee the present total exemp tion for county A 5 per cent tax on parimutuel designed to raise was and the a year tax on certain gambling de vices was extended to all coinop erated amusement and gaming de This was expected to raise Overshadows Every Other Belligerents Costs June 18 Budget Director Harold Smith revealed today that Americas arms factories are rolling so fast now that government war expenditures have climbed to approximately per That he said in an how we are going into action against the The accelerated pace of war Smith as sures our hitting on the nose our estimate of of war expenditures for the fiscal year which ends this He said the pace also made more probable his estimate that would be spent for war in the coming fiscal Treasury expenditures for war purposes Smith have climbed steadily from in the week before Pearl Harbor to last The a week pace not only is the biggest spending fig ure in American but it also overshadows every other bel ligerents Sir Kingsley chancellor of the British said yesterday that his country was spending a Ger Russian and other totals also are lower although exact figures are not Foreign money are not necessar ily comparable to American figures because of differences in resources and price NEW TIME SYSTEM June 18 The 24hour clock system has been adopted as the official time for all army official dis orders and Time is expressed by a group of four digits running from 0000 to 2400for the 24 hours after mid the first two numerals rep resenting the hours after midnight and the last two the miautes after the For the ures would be BULLETINS June 18 Secretary of War Stimson said to day the losses inflicted on the Jap anese in the Pacific had temporar ly but substantially reduced the of an attack on the Pacific Coast which he has repeatedly said might be War and Navy Department in formation he that tha Fapanese thus far bad made only a very small landing In the Aleu tian Islands off Alaska but ha stressed that fog and unfavorable weather obscured developments in the North From German Broad June 18 German tiigh command reported today that the British army in Libya had been split into two ;