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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - December 9, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Snow Weather Details on Page Two DECEMBER 1942 PRICE 3 ACRE TO AIM AS HURD STRIKE ENDS Machinists Local Votes to Return to Work During Night Meeting MAYOR SUBMITS APPEAL The production of shell parts for the Navy virtually was back to normal today at the Kurd Lock Manufacturing Company after members of Machinists Local voted late last night to return to work and permit a rep resentative committee to arbitrate the difficulties that brought about a fourday Officials of the union and man agement signed an arbitration agreement drawn up by Ed of the Conciliation Ser about 1 oclock this morn Representatives of the two factions did not meet to sign the agreement but signed The agreement which sent the men and women workers back to work this morning on the 7 olock shift provided for the formation of an arbitration committee com posed of representatives of management and the War Labor Womans Status Big Issue Although other issues entered Into the the rehiring Fri day of a woman who is a non union worker was set forth as the real cause of the The woman previously had been discharged on union charges that she was Com pany officials said that a subse quent investigation failed to sub stantiate the charges and she was The walkout which soon became a full fledged strike oc curred Friday noon within a hours after the woman reported for The adjustment of wage scaie for tool makers and the adop tion of a maintenance of member ship policy are other matters that must be settled by Under the maintenance of mem bership plan all new workers em ployed by the company would be required to join the The vote by the union to go back to work was taken after the strikers heard their officers and members of their bargaining com mittee recommend that they re turn to their jobs and permit arbi tration of the Al though there were some dissenting union officials said that those who favored returning to work constituted a three or four to one Mayor Makes Appeal Joseph general rep resentative of the AFL in said today that an appeal to the union members made by Mayor Lundahl was a big h in getting the members back to Thewritten plea from the was presented to the of mayor ficers of the In part the ap peal I am not asking that you forget your differences with the Hurd management but I do sincerely request that you go back to work and leave these differen ces to arbitration by the represen tatives of all parties Toward that I hereby pledge to you the support of the city gov ernment in assuring a fair and complete arbitration of these ma tera A series of conferences was held yesterday between government representatives and delegates of union and management but little progress was In a meeting yesterday afternoon at the city Mayor Lundahl and Prosecuting Attorney Lawrence Hammond pledged their support to the plan for returning the strikers to their jobs and ironing out the Turn to STRIKE Page 9 IDLE TIRES SENT TO GOVERNMENT Nearly tires had been forwarded to the government un der the idle tire purchase plan on the close of business November the Office of Price Adminis tration announced Of the OPA said actually had been received at cen tral and that at least more were in Sampling examinations of tires reaching warehouses indicated that about half of those turned in were so badly worn or damaged that they cannot be put into shape for These tires will be scrapped and converted into reclaimed rub The remainder were either usable or serviceable through re pairs and Under the passenger car owners must turn in all tires in excess of five for each Selective Service System Becomes Bureau of WMC fa The once independent selective service system today became a bu reau with the War Manpower and Lewis Hersheys status changed from that of system director to bureau Chairman Paul of the Manpower in ordering the change under the broadened authority given him by President made this comment It permits the selective service organization to continue its pres ent functions and duties without subject to direction and supervision of the executive di Formal incorporation of selective service into the War Manpower Commission raised the number employees under includ ing those in field to apprdx imat ely and made his staff one of the governments largest Selective service has some paid apart from volunteer draft board members and about lawyers and other nonpaid The Employment Service the largest unit transferred to has about employees commission statisticians said the rest of the WMC staff totals about Approximately 000 others work under KcNutt in his capacity as head of the federal security MAY RECEIVE CLAIMS OF 2 JAP Cruiser Also Inflicts Damage to Battleship Editors Note The bold ad venture of one heavy cruiser in the United States smashing sea off the southern Solo mon Islands November 1213 was related to William Associated Press by officers of the ship fresh from the thick of the When the report was Japanese ships had been sunk and seven with more to follow in a few succeeding Of this the unnamed cruiser claimed destruction of two destroyers and heavy dam age to a H JIITPLE AT SEA With The 14 Delayed captain and other officers of the heavy cruiser have just boarded had a hard timekeeping their eyelids open as they told of the part the ship played in yester days great victory off Savo Is They have not slept for more than 84 hours or eaten anything save an occasional Thats been the experience cf every man aboard this fighting ship which did so much in stop ping a major Japanese thrust against Turn to CRUISER Page 4 Called to Explain Opening of Letters The Senate Judiciary Committee called Byron director of before it today to ex slain the reported opening of let passing between Alaska and the United The hearing was to be as was that last week of Er lest Gruening of who wrought the issue lo the commit Some senators said there was ittle chance that a bill authorizing the censorship of all communica tions between United States terri tories would be passed this ses The bill was passed by both BULLETIN 9 sentatives of railroad oper ating employees announced today they would ask for a 30 per cent increase in or minimum raise of a from the nations Alvaney president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Eng serving as spokesmen for the fire unions which run and man the nations freight and passenger said increased wages were necessitated by added responsi bilities and hazards placed upon excessive the manpower higher living and the inequality of rail road pay compared with that in ether but was recalled by the for further consideration Senate after Gruenings Senator Nprris said the committee had been told of a staff of 400 censors at Seattle who read every letter that passed be tween the United States proper and He questioned the le gality of the Norris told reporters the com mittee had been shown a form bearing the initials of various fed eral When a censor found something in a letter that he con sidered of interest to one or more agencies Norris he copied the excerpt on the with the names of addresser and and sent it to the Foley Urges Intensive Use of Present Dwellings for War Workers MORE WORKERS NEEDED Urging Adrian to make intensive use of housing facilities now avail Raymond state direc tor of the FHA and also chairman of the Michigan Council of De last night told a group of Adrian builders and contractors and a newly appointed homes reg istration committee that the city may have the opportunity to build 400 new family units for war workers by next The FHA and the WPB now are Foley that several hundred new war workers will be needed in the city next year and that adequate housing for them must be Of he the situation may change The WPB may find a new crisis or another place where critical materials are more ERASE GERMAN GAINS Mediterranean Sea3 1 TUNISIA urgently situation But that is the We can only meet our problems on a day to day If this quota of new building is assigned to Adrian it will be a challenge to the spirit of the city to see that housing fa cilities are A Local Problem This problem of he doesnt belong to the na tional government or any federal It isnt the slates prob It belongs to you and the thousands of similar communities in the In many localities today no construction of any kind is permitted because their prob lems arent Because you do need housing in Adrian you may have the opportunity to 1 realize thatthe construction of 400 new family units in Adrian in a year is something that never has been done before but if it is ap proved you may be sure it neces If the expanded housing pro gram is approved Foley indicated that materials for the work would bemade He said that the lumber situation was expect ed to ease early next year as work is completed on army camps and war Although priority numbers have been obtained for various new houses in Adrian the last few months construction work on most of them hasnt started because material hasnt yet been made Foley pre dicted that the material situation would become increasingly particularly as far as lumber is Foley estimated that about a third of the new workers that will be needed here would be single men who could be cared for in private Another third will be twoper son families who also must find living quarters already The remainder will be families of more than two he and for this group he intends to recom mend new housing to provide for An Allied counterattack arrow has erased German in the Tebourba sector of North a communique The Allies were ranged along a curving line through the rugged hills facing the Axis defense which is based on the towns of Djedeida and all held by Axis These Boys Had Courage And Lots Of Good Luck Editors Note The great midNovember naval buttle off Guadalcanal and Savo islands in winch forces sunk 2S Jap anese ships and damaged 10 others already has been broad outline by official navy sources and hi eyewitness ac counts from the War Correspondents William Hippie reports some of the incidents mostly of high courage unil phenomenal good as related by surviv from a destroyer lost in ac tion eurly in the morning of No vember By WILLIAM HIPFLE AN ADVANCE Naval Base in the South I served 20 years in the navy in one night And so it well might have seem for this sailor was hit by a large fragment from the 14inch shell of a Jap battleships biggest The fragment bounced off House Sharing Urged Mail Applications For Ration Books Asked by Board In the midst of its gasoline ra tioning the Lenawee county and rationing board war price turned its attention for a brief moment this morning to sugar The boara asks all persons who dont have food ration book 1 to apply by mail for those books at Persons who had an excess of sugar on hand whoa the books were first issued have no books at the present In order to get book 2 when it corner out soon after the first of all persons must have book Naw residents in the county also are asked to write to the rationing board at their for mer residence and ask that the ra tioning book application be trans ferred to the Lwiawee ratoning Since tne board already is swamped by seekers at the It ir asked that the transfers be made by mail instead of in To meet the citys housing prob lem he recommended that some new houses be built in the city and that present housing facilities be used Because of re stricted copper and other we may not be able to build as good a house as was built two years he but a very ood house still may be built with he materials By using present houses I mean just that There are some big houses of six or eight rooms in Ad rian that are being used by only one There are others that are being used by only two These houses must be used inten sively by sacrificing by fam ilies living together and by remod eling work to provide apartment Rooms must be registered for single workers and every pos sible step must be taken to prepare for the emergency you Your city must be made housing consci Turn to HOUSING Page 9 Highway Freight Tieup Menaces Detroit Area Manpower Commission regional representatives came to Detroit to day to seek solution of a labor shortage said to be threatening maintenance of highway freight transportation John liaison of ficer for the army Services of Sup said the shortage of skilled drivers and mechanics is critical and is impairing the war produc tion The primary cause of the short Meloan is departure of thousands of experienced driv ers and maintenance mechanics to take higher paying jobs in war plants and to enter the armed ser Don chairman of the board of the Michigan Trucking emphasized the short age of Trucks that should be repaired in two or three days sometimes take two or three AUCTIONS north or Liaehan on See talians Admit Very Heavy Damage Is Done flight of British bombers which took an hour to pass over the English coast made the roundtrip flight over the Alps to Turin again last night and battered the home of the royal arsenal city and the Italian Fiat Works for the fifth time in a month in a raidwhich the Italians admitted heavy caused very Only one plane was lost from the large force of Britains most power ful bombers which delivered the Premier Mussolini already has ordered Turin cleared of non essential By both British accounts and the admissions of the Italian high com mand the bombing was one of the heaviest yet made in the campaign to blast Italy out of the The Italians said the total of dead was not yet They re ported that the single Britishraider shot down plunged into the center of the killing all seven mem bers of its This morning after the Turin raiders other RAFplanes were heard over the southeast headed for new daylight of fensive patrols to keep up the day and night pace of Turin was the target for a force of Laricasters and Wellingtons of the bomber command last the authori tative statement The weather over northern It aly was clear and with the help of flares a concentrated attack was The results are believed to be One bomber is miss It was the first attack on Italy from British bases since 29 when a small force of bombers raided The RAF was not out Monday but on Sunday night a force of bombers attacked targets in southwest Residents on the southeast coast heard bombers heading across the channel shortly after dark last An hour passed before the sound of motor died A short time later air raid alarms were sounded in giv ing the first clue to the destina tion of the Turn to RAID Page 9 LEAVES FOB HOME ident Carlos Arroyo Del Rio left by Clipper before dawn today for his home in Ecuador after visiting the United States the past 16 He was a guest of President Roosevelt in Washington and vis ited several war plants while in this i Arroyo Del Rio spent two days in where he was a guest of President Fulgencio Batis He had rested here thepast two the side of the destroyer and struck the sailors helmet with ter rific It drove him flat to the It crushed but did not quite pene trate the Axis Troops In Tebourba Area Softened By Big Fleets Of Warplanes Germans Rush Training And Mail Planes To Russian Front By THE ASSOCIATED In the Velikie Luki Germanys I despite recent Rus trying desperately to holdUsian fliers shot down seven Niui the siege ofStalingrad they laid bombers in ono dispatches rinwn 1 flfi rfaus nToaaincr ciitl 106 days are pressing raal planes and training ships into service in an attempt to bolster their threatened forces with rein the Soviet army news paper Red Star asserted The Red air force has downed as many as 60 Junkers 52t in three Red Star the regular German These are troop anc Floating in his lifejacket on the dark water after abandoning the another sailor saw a battleship bearing He tried to swim quickly out of the path but discovering it was took a deep held his nose and let fate attend to the The bow of the battleship just missed and he was buffeted along the vessels then into the churning rolled over and over by the drive of the powerful At he felt he could hold his At that breath no he was catapulted to the clear of the Gunners Mate David Lamerand of saiv an ex plosion aboard his destroyer lift a big gun from Us platform and de posit it below Lamerand was frpin the but was uninjured except lor minor on order to abandon Lamerand jumped barely missing a pool of burning He and five shipmates from the same gun crew spent the next 14 hours in the We cracked lots of jokes and tried to sing a few lie We were picked up the next day by a I couldnt see that time because of my burns and the but Im recovered Pharmacists Mate Archie Strunk of Sioux was in the forward galley removing shrapnel from a sailors leg when the ship began shaking and seem ed to be falling Abandoning Strunk hit out rapidly because it looked as if destroyer was going to roll over on He swam 20 minutes befoie he saw several shipmates and joined Then the group found itself amid a cluster of big ships and almost was run They saw oneship explode and sink not far from They heard many men shouting and and they tried to keep together so they could help the injured All night they swam trying to make but the cur rentkept pulling them toward the channel between Guadalcanal and Savo Its lucky we didnt make Strunk Thats Japanese ter ritory and we would have been captured and One in abandoning found his foot caught in a life raft rope attached to the As the he was drag ged 30 feet below the There he unbuckled and opened his knife and cut the He pop ped back War At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PKESS heavy artillery sounds Axis Tunisian forces in Te Murba as London reports zero lour near for new drive on Tunis Bizerte strongholds after prelimi nary counterattacks Air men again batter key punc turing German reinforcement pursues drive to knock out Italy by plastering ar senal city of Turin fifth time in month Rome admits heavy dam reported rush ing reserves from as as Ger many using even mail and trainer planes to stem Reds of Moscow admits counter attacks slow drives but claims furthei gains on Central front and more Nazis NEW bombers weak up fifth Jap seaborne at to reinforce beleaguered jarrisons in BunaGona fir ing six destroyers and routing five while smothering counter attacks in Jand supply carrying ships which the invzftler has been using to bring reserves from as far as German Red Even the Hamburg a mai has appeared on the front for the first the Russians as indicating the enemys shortage of transport Trains and trucks were also be ng used in an effort to pour help through tho5 narrow nutcracker corriaor left to the Nazis at Stai Southwest of the lermans hit Ked army flanks with tanks and motorized infan and at some Red Star penetrated to the rea of Russian Russian and motorized in aided by light armorpierc ing guns mounteJ on gen eral y succeeded in restoring pe Red Star Within Stalingrad Ked Stnr artUlery shelled the Germans with long Fighting in the wreck agestrewn of the city tinufd to be confined to small it was 7 Nazi Bombers Downed The iriounting activity rt Ger man armor and planes was noted bv Red Star on the central AlliedBombers of Six Relief Ships Afire Others Flee By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS ALLIED HEADQUARTERS In bombers broke up a new attempt by the Japanese navy to reinforce troops in the BunaGona area of New Guinea setting one of the six relief destroyers afire with two direct hits and forcing the re maining five to flee an allied communique said The Japanese destroyer force driven off yesterday was first sighted between New Britain and New Ireland by an allied recon naissance The warships were heading south from New American bombers including Flying flew to the at tack scored direct hits on the leading destroyer with two 500 pound Bombs fell close to another destroyer and she was re ported listing badly as the force turned The commun ique said the leading destroyer was enveloped in but her ultimate fate was not It was the fifth lime the Japa nese have attempted tp bring re lief to their ground troops in the BunaGona area One light cruis er and four destroyers Were sunk in the previous four attempts to land troops and In addi 23 Japanese fighter planes were shot down while protecting a destroyer flotilla which was rout ed early this allied flying boat unit bombed and strafed the runway and dis persal areas of the Gasmata air field in New Britain the communique and a re connaissance unit destroyed two enemy fighters on a flight near 40 Japs Killed On the New Guinea allied forces drove a new hole in the Japanese lines a few days ago and reached the beach fought off strong counterattacks from Buna village and Buna At least 40 Japanese were reported killed in the Allied troops advanced slightly in the fighting around the Buna airdrome and the communique re ported that allied planes were con tinuing their attacks on Japanese See NEW GUINEA Page 9 TERROR KILLS 35 MORE Czech government circles said to day that German terror in Bo hemiaand Moravia had killed 35 more Twentynine men were shot on one day for allegedly possessing arms and explosives partici pating in antiNazi these circles Six Czechs accused of oeing ringleaders in a sabotage and terror gang were reported exe cuted in Prague Executions in the protectoraTe during November totaled it was Newly concentrated German re serves were reported in violent counterattacks of But the Russians claimed that they set back three Nazi attempts to take an important highway on the centralfront occupied four monpopulated points in a still developing offensive and routed a battalion in a prolonged struggle for one Turn to RUSSIANS Page 9 JAP WARSHIP SUNK THREE SET AFIRE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS struction of one Japanese warship and severe damaging of three by American dive bombers and torpedo planes operating from Guadalcanal island in the Solo mons was reported by the navy One ship was seen sinking nc the other three were in flames the morning after ihe attack on an enemy force streaming toward Guadalcanal on December the navy In addition the communique re porter that ten Japanese float type planes were shot down dur ing the engagement which frus trated another attempt by the Japanese to reinforce their troops on The action originally had beer reported by the navy department on but at that time results of the in between Santa Isabel and New Georgia Islands about 150 miles northwest 1 of were not BY ALLIES fighters shot down seven Messer schmitts yesterday in an air duel over Rommels Marble Arch land ing ground near El the British announced Many other were report ed Land activity in the El Agheila where Rommel is preparing for a stand against the British Eighth was limited to patrol the communique Aircraft of the Middle East Command ranged far over Libya yesterday and the preceding German ai attacking centers and supply Three enemy transport planes and one escorting fighter were report ed shot down off Lempedusa Is about midway between Mal ta and the Tunisian Heavy bombers attacked Misur about 130 miles east of Tripo and Axis airdromes near Between Misurata and in raids Monday the commun ique docks and The seaplane base were wmbed the same night and hits were scored on a destroyer and a uel dump and a large the communiqu6 The TunisGabes Railway also wassuccessfully it was In these only two Al ied planes were the commun ique Foreign Newsmen Are Visiting JP Ten newspapermen from Mexico and the first group from 85 atin American journalists touring he United States under auspices of the National Press Club and the Dffice of InterAmerican visited Detroits war plants The coming here after ive days in Canada as guests of he saw the Tord Willow Run bomber plant to iay and planned to see the Chrys er tank arsenal and Hudson naval ordnance plant What I saw made a jreat impression upon said Mexico City and I shall be very interested ir comparing the American and Ca nadian war From here the partywill go to then spend three days n and go on to to visit the Their tinerary calls for Christmas in Los Angeles and New Years Eve in New Luis assistant tary of the Bolivian ministry of economy and owner of an Oruro is expected to rejoin the party in He under went an appendectomy in New Big New Drive on Bizerte and Tunis Believed in Making By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS artil lery and steadily growing fleets of planes were reported softening the Axis in the Tebourba area today as the secured by the re pulse of the enemys efforts to capture heights dominating the apparently prepared for a big new drive on Bizerte and Tu American pilots are taking a very active part in ground opera said a Morocco radio broad cast quoting what it called a new Allied headquarters The announcer added that every fresh formations of aircraft are put into sug gesting that the Allied command had made strides toward solving the shortage of air bases close to the hub of the Tunisian The broadcast attributed to the communique its report that in the Tebourba sector of the Tunisian front Axis forces were shelled by heavy artillery after the success ful Allied It indicated also that the Allies wereconcentrating heavy land and air presumably to exploit the advantage won when the ene my was forced to withdraw from wedges he had sliced into the Brit ishAmerican The Italian communique made only the cursory report from Tu nisia that bad weather hindered activity on the ground and in the In an RAFBrit ish headquarters communique re ported extensive Allied air opera tions over both Tunisia and including hits on a a fuel dump and a large building in a night raid on the Bizerte docks and seaplane 3 Transport Planes Downed It said longrange fighters also shot down three enemy transport planes and escorting fighter off Lampedusa between Tunisiaand With both armies fighting across water from home the battle of supply rivalled in importance the struggle for the 20miledeep zone which the Axis strongholds at Bizerte and An authoritative British source said the Allies could exact a heavy toll through naval and air action against the enemy in the Mediter ranean but so far had been unable to stop Axis convoys to Tunisia al Indicative of the great impor tance attached by the AllieS high command to choking off Axis sup this source pointed out that last for the first time in the British navy risked cruisers and destroyers in surface actions in the Considering that every item of supplies for a large army consum ing materials at a fast rate in ac tive operations must be brought in by he the Allied navies face a tremendous There also is a big job preparing North African ports to receive huge amounts of he Darlan Issue Up Again The issue over the status of Ad miral Jean Darlan in the House of Lord Eli bank gave notice that he intended to ask the government for assur See MEDITERRANEAN Page 9 14 EXECUTED BY GERMANS 9 Fourtegi persons have been exe cuted and another six sentenced to death in Nazicontrolled Europe by the Germans on charges of trea and foodlaw it was reported A Paris courtmartial imposed the death penalty on six Polish students accused of fomenting Among them was a who was said to have been active in repub lican Spain before taking refuge in Five other young Poles were sentenced to hard labor for The socalled peoples tribunal in Prague sentenced death for alleged high treason against the Nazi Reich and the establish ed order in the Czech protecto Der Neue Tag of Prague said the sentence had been carried Neue Wiener Tageblatt report ed the execution of three men in Vienna after their conviction of treason by a Nazi In a 46yearold man was put to death for falsifying lists of persons entitled to extra food ra tions for heavy In Croatia capital police at Za greb arrested 400 dealers and cus tomers of a black market in food during the past At in Serbian five speculators were sentenced to public At Nazi authorities reported closing Serb ian cafes which the Germancon trolled local press claimed were places of loitering gambling drinking and V ;