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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - August 12, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM AUGUST 1942 200 Wardens Get Final Instructions For Area Blackout OF TRAFFIC Volunteer Police and Firemen and Officers Also to Report In preparation for tonights dress rehearsal for which was held last a meeting oi the citys air raid wardens was held last night in the high school Approximately 200 wardens were present to from Chief receive Warden instructions LaVon B Kuney and to discuss flaws in the first attempt to extinguish Ad rians According to final instructions received yesterday from Army tonights blackout which will cover all of southern Michigan and parts of Illinois and will begin at 10 oclock and end at it was planned to hold the test for half an hour beginning at 11 While the meeting last night was held primarily for the purpose of instructing wardens in their many of the problems dis cussed concerned the conduct of Adrian residents other than those who have official Traffic Control Imperative The importance of obeying traf fic regulations was stressed by Karl defense coordina According to blackout drivers are required to move to the curbs when the warning whis tles first stop the car mo extinguish all lock ig nition but not car stay at th curb in this manner until the allclear signal Hoch said that traffic accidents are the greatest danger during such blackout and that the number of such accidents is the first item re corded by defense officials in the subsequent report to state head In stressing the importance of compliance with these Hoch related an incident which occurred last Friday night when a young woman attempted to drive across the blacked fiveway intersection in front of the city Her car was missed by a speeding fire engine by a fourfoot Wardens especially request that city residents keep such pets as dogs and cats within the house for the halfhour They said that it is their duty to investigate the rear of houses and that they should not be prevented from do Ing so by a toowatchful Turn to Page 6 SIATE SET IN SPITE Army Officials to Observe Blackout Effectiveness a last minute change in southern Michigan was proclaimed officially today to be reasonably well prepared for tonights tri state blackout Hastily undoing ten days of pub licity informing the residents of 41 southern Michigan counties that the blackout would come at 11 tonight the state defense coun cil rushed out new orders to hold the blackout from 10 to eastern war The time change was ordered by the commanding general of the sixth service command at the council and was made over strenuous objections of Capt Donald state command er of the citizens defense A council spokesman saying only 34 hours was allowed in which to overcome ten days of advertising the original asserted unques tionably there will be thousands more violations than there would have been if the time hadnt been changed at the last Radio stations and newspapers are pitch ing in to instruct the people and In the cities it wont be so in rural areas we expect there will be many more viola The spokesman said the army or dered the time effective in Michigan because of the pro tests of some war production plants in Detroit that the original plan would coincide with shift As it the new time coincides with shift changes in other the spokesman and so now those are Ford deputy chief of the defense corps utilities said power companies had VJone wonders to change hundreds of lighting systems from automatic to manual switches in time for the practice blackout and in the face of equipment The Army is reported to be sending aerial observers to watch the effectiveness of the blackout in the Detroit area and in the mid landSaginawBay City They were expected to utilize civil air patrol but no official announcement was made of their j Blackout Facts For 3State Area 12 Facts about tonights threestate black out practice Area square miles cover ing 85 counties in Illinois and including Chicago and Detroit in Michigan 41 coun ties south of the northern boundary of the OceanaBay county or more than half of the entire black out Time 10 to Eastern War in Michigan 10 to Central War else Population involved people in the threestate in including 88 per cent of the states population and 19 of the states largest Warning A threeminute fluctu ating signal by sirens and starting at Lights to be extinguished All lights and illuminations outsidd or visible from the outside of any Motor vehicles operators of mo tor vehicles shall draw to the side of the street or highway and stop in such a manner and in such a place as not to obstruct the reason able use of the Exemptions Post if handling of the mail would be in terfered with hospitals factories engaged in war contracts vehibles of the fire departments utility repair lights on railroad railroad trains railroad airway airway radio towers waterway navigation aids anc highway public works and utilities excavations and municipal and county high way and traffic lights when switch es are FULLSCALE ACTION IN SOLOMONS NEWCASTLE WATERS OKTOWN Cora Sea AUSTRALIA n TOWNSVILLE O300 STATUTE MILES AT EQUATOR United States supported by warships and are engaged in heavy fighting still in pro gress in the Solomon Islands 1 with the Tulagi area on Florida Island directly contested and probable landings on Guadalcanal and Malaita Mean Allied planes bombed Japanese air bases 2 at Gasmata and Rabaul in New Britain and Salamaua in New Rise to Take Effect in Mid September 12 Advances in food possibly totalling one and a half per were scheduled today to take ef fect hi midSeptember to relieve a irice squeeze on hundreds of food Price Administrator Leon Hend erson announced yesterday that alterations are necessary in the eheral maximum price regulation avert any disturbance in the na Jons food distribution Jntil the new formula is Henderson the highest rice of each seller must be the maximum charged in The food industry previously jetitioned the OPA for relief on jrices of about 400 or 500 of more Jian items in the average The overall the industry would not exceed one and a half per cent deputy OPA predict ed the advance on industrial items would be relatively OPA explained that the designa tion of March as the ceiling price month caught food distributors with many selling prices based on rices of stock purchased months With replacement costs in distributors could not re stock except at the risk of cash both lowpriced vholesale and retail distributors would be compelled to drop im ortant lines of food products un ess the squeeze were OPA ear Businessmen Would Be Forced to Curtail Em ployment 12 JP The American Federation lor notified Congress today it was pposed to a limitation of net in omes to as pro posed by President Roosevelt and supported by a spokesman for the Congress of Industrial Organiza Raymond Cranch of the Washington research staff of the AFL told the Senate Finance Committee his organization realiz ed that many independent business men would find it necessary to re strict their reduce their war work and decrease their em ployment of labor under such a He commented The nation would indeed be shortsighted to limit productivity of its business men by such an ar bitrary and inflexible The Chamber of Commerce of the United States presented testi mony in favor of a flat 10 per cent retail sales tax and a five per cent withholding to Page TO SMASH ONWARD Reds Forced to Withdraw In to Caucasian Foothills By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 12 Russian troops withdrew anc still fighting into the wild lands of the Caucasian foot hills today as the German arm lunged on between the Black and Caspian greatest prizes still Rolling ever new reserves ant equipment into the struggle with their customary talent for supply the Germans con fronted the battered Russian forces at Krasnodar with numerically superior forces and launched at tack after todays middaj communique Krasnodar the mam obstacle on the road tc The Germans are trying at al costs to cross to the southern bank of a the midday communi qu6 More than Ger mans were killed and 12 tanks de stroyed in this the Russians The river mentioned probably is the which iiows from Krasnodar into the Black Sea north of Edging RostovBaku railway the Germans 70 miles southeast ol Armavir and less than 200 miles from Red Star reported that the Russians had avoided a German snare to surround them in the Cherkessk but that fighting there was hot and heavy and both sides suffered great The armies fought under a burn ing sun and the heat was intensi fied by blazing houses and woods over large Red Star said Whole cities were flaming as the Germans expanded their operations to new Turn to Page 7 E Federal Agencies Seek to Halt Labor Pirating 12 JP Pressing labor problems involving pirating of workers in war indus unbalanced wage situations and need for increased copper confronted three gov ernment agencies the instigation of the War Labor the War Production Board and the War Manpower Commission asked workers and employers in the big Detroit tool and die industry last night to Ereeze and hiring and fir ing of employees pending a labor management WPB was re ported considering the transfer of old and silver miners into cop per mines to increase production of the critically scarce metaL The copper peti tioned WLB for wage increases primarily as a deterrent to labor Questions concerning wildcat strikes in war lagging war production and possible remedial steps also came before President Roosevelt at a press He wanted more facts and before he would The government agencies re quest to the Detroit industry sug gested submitting to the confer ence such issues as wage increas and methods of employment discouraging pirating of skilled The pending cases concern General the Au omotive Tool and Die Manufac Association and locals of the ClOUnited Automobile Work If the Detroit conference concurs in its WLB express ed agreement to give final judg ment on the wage cases with de cisions retroactive to August Turn to Page 7 DIES AT 118 12 Gertrudes died She was amily records in the Chama district of New Mexico Oct ober VCard Campaign To Be Emphasized At last nights air raid warden meeting held in the high school wardens pledged a spe cial effort to get Vcards out to Adrian In La Von chief air raid war urged the cooperation of the citizens in this he are a sign of A Vcard in the window of a house shows thai the attic has been cleaned of ail fire that a bucket of sand and a longhandled shovel have been placed in the at tic or as near the attic as possi and that the family has a Simplex salvage paper carton and is participating in the waste pa per Wardens will approach every householder who has failed so far to earn one of the FishWinsGOP Nomination In New York 3y THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Prewar foreign views as i general political issue were dis counted in at least four of five states today as primary returns gave a wide majority office holders victories opponents who had assailed them as isola 5 Example number one in national interest was the veteran Represen tative Hamilton prePearl Harbor criticof President Roose velts foreign who won Re publican nomination in the Presi dents home district over three op ponents in yesterdays Wendell 1940 Republi can presidential nominee who had joined with Fishs intraparty op asserted that for the sake both the country and of the Republican party the fight for his elimination must be Renominated three to Fish observedthat these prewar issues were sunk at Pearl Harbor and every fairminded American knows and resents attempts to revive Other New York Congressmen who weathered the cry of before thewarisolationism Included Re presentatives Edwin Bing hamton Republican Daniel Western New York Republi can Vito American Labor Party left wing and three New York City William James OLeary and Martin But in Representative Harry who campaigned again his congressional record prior to the lost the Demo cratic Senatenomination to Foster Omaha radio Turn to Page 7 Justice of Sentence Attacked in Appeal 12 ff The hopes of Max Stephan to escape the gallows as a convicted traitor lay today in a projected appeal at tacking both the justice of his sentence to execution and the ver dict of the jury which found him guilty of The attorneys engaged by Steph ans wife filed a notice of appeal in a latehour move last night aft er the clerk of federal court George had kept his of fice open two hours beyond clos ing Procedure in federal courts on criminal cases provides that no tice of appeal must be filed within five days after pronouncement oi Yesterday was the fifth day since District Judge Ar thur Tuttle had sentenced Stephan to hang next November Attendants of the how said that it probably would have been permissible for an ap peal to be filed as late as today in asmuch as Sundays and holidays are not counted among the five days Acfing for Stephan were Attor neys Nicholas Salowich and James who had previously been retained to defend Theodore a Detroit importer accus ed of misprision of treason In con nection with the same Do nay is charged with having had knowledge that Stephan was treasonably assisting Lieutenant Hans Peter Krug of the Nazi air force when the latter was fleeing from Canadian concentration camp last The filing of the notice came after a visit by the attorneys to Stephan in his cell at the federal correctional institution at nearby Milan and a hasty trip back to De troit to reach the court clerks of fice before it As the notice was being filed at Salowich wrote the name of Stephens trial Verne on the docu ment in an apparent He declined to comment on his Turn to Page 7 WITHOUT HOSTILE MOTIVE NEW 12 Hugh commanding general of the eastern defense said today that alleged air marker described in a recent release by the first air force at Mitchel were without hostile As a Drum added in a formal statement the cases were dropped as having no bear ing on national May Ask Treason Indictments For Those Who Aided Saboteurs decision to ask treason indictments against possibly half of the 14 per sons held as suspected accomplices of the eight Nazi spysaboteurs may be announced late today by Attorney General The Justice Department chief and some of his top aides have been reviewing the against the 14 for several Treason is the highest of all crimes and carries the death pen By constitutional conviction not possible without lie testimony of at least two wit nesses to an overt or a confes sion in open court Ten of the 14 areheld on gen eral charges of assisting the eight six of whom have been one of whom has been sentenced to life imprison ment and the1 other to 30 years in The two who escaped the death George John and Srnest Peter may be used as witnesses against some of the alleged Here are the 14 German citi alleged to have aided Edward Tohn of the Florida group of Anthony German naturalized accused of helping Werner a member of Keriings Miss Hedwig na tive of alleged to have helped Kerling by changing bills of large The Nazis brought more than in American money with Hermann Heinrich na tive of natur alized charged with having agreed to keep a money belt con taining for Heinrich one df the four saboteurs who land ed on Long Maria widow of the Florida group Ernest Herman naturalized alleged to have been Intimately associated with No actual assistance to the saboteurs by Kerling or Kerkhof was charged in original FBI All of the above live in the New York City The following live in Chicago Mn and Hans Max parents of Herbert Haupt a mem ber of Keriings and Otto both German friends of the Haupt and Walter Wilhelm uncle and aunt of young The FBI said that the Froehings were important contacts for the Nazi agents and that their home was to be headquarters forthe j Warmer Weather oo Faga Tcro PRICE 3 Marines Battle To Broaden Their HardWon Toeholds In The Solomon Islands More British Troops Galled As Indian Violence Spread By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS British called increasing numbers oi troops and police into action today to cope with spreading violence and it became a question of how long martial law could be fore stalled in turbulent The worst new trouble spot was New Delhi where an official statement described the situation as ugly and said an Indian mob had burned and virtually destroy ed the town hall and troops had fired on civilian crowds There was no accurate count of the cost of life since Sunday when Indias aspirations for indepen dence suddenly erupted into a bloody struggle of growing inten but the casualty lists in Bombay alone reached at least 31 dead and more than 250 Since the terror began as the sequel to the arrest of Mohandas Gandhi and other Hindu lead ers after the AllIndia Congress Party made him general of a planned nonviolent campaign to break British 500 or more other Indians have been made Armed security forces have opened fire on milling throngs in at least eight places across India the wreckage of burned smashed glass and overturned ve hicles has piled and a paralysis has begun to grip the teeming sub continents Martial law is a step which the British so far have withheld al though civil authorities have re sponded with a firmness exempli fied yesterday by disclosure that the whipping act had been put to use and the blunt warning of Sir Roger governor of Bom bay that no monkey bus iness would be Town Hall Burned unruly demonstra tors at New described offi cially as a large crowd of mill workers put the torch to the town hall and burned down the income tax said a Moslem subinspector of police was mur dered by a act of spe cial gravity because of the eyer of HinduMoslem that an frequent occasions police and the were forced to open fire in Groups of more than five per sons have been prohibited in New and strong military rein forcements have arrived and troops are patrolling the It Indian reporters close to the All India Congress said its for the most still were stand HAW LISTS ATTACKS ON ALEIIAN ISLES Jap Shore Batteries Fires Severe Damage Done The Navy last night issued this Pacific area Information received by the Navy Department now makes it the following in Army bombers On July dropped bombs Jie area were On July 29 Navy planes conducted a night attack on Xiska and Army bombers attacked shore installations and ships in the same On August Japanese air craft attacked the Destroyer off Atka about 305 miles east of No damage was Army bombers again attacked the Kiska harbor with unobserved On August 4 Army pursuit jlanes shot down two Kawanishi 97 seaplane On August 8 a task force of the Pacific protected by Navy mtrol heavily bombarded a jroup of enemy camp facil ties and shore Installations at Kis The attack was a complete sur The mistaking the first salvos of shells for opened fire with antiaircraft bat eries on Imagined The in bombardment from cruiser and destroyer guns soon silenced shore started fires nflicted severe damage to the camp The only enemy resistance aicountered was from Our loss was one observation On August 9 Naval patrol ilanes followed up the bombard ment by an attack on two cargo ships in Kiska Two bomb ilts were scored on each of the two resulting in severe fthis observers reported sighting a sunken cargo which is believed to have been sunk near the beach during the previous lays bombardment by surface South Pacific area While the action in the Tu agi areaof the Solomon Islands nothing ifurther canbe ing apart from the rioting anc that many were concerned over the bloody turn to what Gandhi had insisted was to be only a non violent demonstration of mass dis Work stoppages of unknown extent have hit cotton mills most ly engaged on war contracts in Bombay and Indias two chief textile Blocked streets here have caus ed a gradual breakdown of the transit system and the trouble zone has fanned out from the cen tral part of the city to the distant northern necessitating wid er distribution of the security 1015 TEARS IN JAIL 12 William Dudley founder and leader of the Silver Shirts of was sentenced today to fifteen years in prison in the first major sedition case since Americas entry into the Federal Judge Robert Baltzell imposed the sentence after denying a defense motion for a new whom government attor neys called a Benedict Arnold and an Aaron Burr in their was convicted a week ago of eleven counts of criminal sedition in connection with publica tions of the Fellowship which he In passing sentence Judge Balt zell said he believed Pelley should be imprisoned for the Pelley could have been sentenced to 20 years imprisonment and fined on each count of the indict ment under the espionage Act of But Judge Baltzell said he prefer red to consider it one No fine was Lawrence associated with Pelley in the fellowship press and convicted with received a Agnes Marian Pelleys secretary for several years and third person convicted in the was given a twoyear sus pended Miss who wept through the was asked by Judge Baltzell if she could re adjust her life and get away from this Miss Henderson sobbed to Floyd defense that she Christian relayed her de cision to court and Judge Balt zell pronounced the twoyear sen suspending It for five If you violate the suspended Judge Baltzell told the judgment can be withdrawn and a new sentence If you violate Im going to make it five The Fellowship also con was fined GERMAN CITY ON RHINE ATTACKED German chemical industry and rail center on the was heavily attacked last night by the RAF in a raid which was particularly suc cessful and left fires still raging this the air ministry an nounced Sixteen were The docks at Le Havre and air fields in the Low Countries also were An RAF commentator said the Domber command now was ham mering German targets with such iorce that the bomb load for the ordinary raid on Osnabruck the night of 8 exceeded the ton nage dropped by the Germans in the heaviest attack on Britain the night of April Between July 12 and 8 the British have made 13 night raids on German one employing 00 bombers and 10 employing be iween 200 and the commenta tor Osnabruck was raided by fewer than yet they dropped more than 450 tons of including nearly 50 of the gigantic pounders and 70 to SO he By he said the Germans in their big raid April on London dropped something less than 450 tons of bombs and a little more than 420 tons on the last big London raid May WAR SPENDING The United States spent 000 for war purposes last a The July announced yes terday by the Office of War Infor brought war spending from June 1940 through last July to in disbursements by the and expenditures by the reconstruction finance corpora tion and its Total appropriation approved or pending amountedto approximate ly atthe end of BASES OF JAPANESE Allied Sea and Air As sault Makinig It Is Indicated By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS GENERAL MACARTHURS American Ma rines battled on today in bitter handtohand clashes to broaden hardwon toeholds in the Solomon Islands while supporting Allied air men struck effective new blows upon Japanese bases and shipping along a mile front The Leathernecks progress was hidden in official silence but the latest issued in Wash was that operations were continuing in the area of twomilelong island in the southeastern More definite word was not ex pected until a letup in the opera tions permits Vice Admiral Robert Lee Allied commander in the south Pacific who is in charge of the to send a detailed account over his now lim ited and overtaxed communica But whatever the the in a statement in hailed the landing of the Marines on the shores of Tu lagi as having opened the doors to an Allied offensive in the south From this it was taken that tha sea and air assault which be jan five days ago was making Silent On Main Attack General MacArthurs headquart still silent on the main opera told of the fourth air attack within as many days upon big Japanese base on New Britain destruction of and possibly Japanese Zero fighters ove New Guinea another raid on Jap anese ships south of Dutch East Indies and an attack upon the Kei A headquarters communique said Allied striking by night at which is northwest of the scored hits near air drome runways from which Jap anese aerial assistance could sent to the Tulagi The air clash over New Guinea occurred near which is on the southeastern tip of the is land on a line directly west of Tu Out of seven Zeroes encount Allied airmen either destroy ed or damaged every last one of Allied fliers failed to determine results of their attack on Japanese ships south of where a car jo ship was sunk and another mer chantman and a destroyer were damaged in another raid Wharfs were hit at the small ort of Toeal in the raid on the Kei occupied late last month by the They lie north of The last of the Lenawee county draft boards quota of July in ductees will leave tomorrow for Fort Custer where they will begin active military The men are to meet at the Adrian armory on West Maumee Street at Thursday morning and will leave at by bus for Battle The departure climaxes a 14day fur ough which was granted to the men who were accepted after final physical examinations in Detroit July BULLETINS 12 standing German claims of sweep ing successes on the Don Bend Caucasus British military sources declared today that Rus sian resistance is stiffening on all Russian counterattacks in the Voronezh and Rzhev south and northwest of respect are beginning to worry the it was The British sources expressed ellef that todays German asser tions were greatly 12 the second time in 22 years choice hogs sold above a hundred pounds on the livestock market to Gaining 10 cents on both light and heavy the top price ad vanced to With the excep ion ofJuly when best hogs hit this was the highest nice paid for swine here since Oc 12 India office issued a statement today say authorities in India have the situation completely in hand and t is emphasized that any picture of widespread disorder in that 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