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Adrian Daily Telegram (Newspaper) - August 10, 1942, Adrian, Michigan ADRIAN DAILY TELEGRAM Little Change in Temperature i Weather on Fago Two AUGUST 1942 PRICE 3 ALLIES MAKE BIG ATTACK IN PACIFIC Russians Destroying Oil And Wheat As Germans Crack Maikop Defense Lines Bases Pounded By Bomber Groups Reds Make Headway On Voronezh Flank No Report Made On Russians Battling Along Black Sea of Azov Coasts By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 10 Driven back by hard thrusts of German motorized troops and Al Red army defense before the ail fields of Maikop and in spurs of the Caucasian foothills appeared to be cracking Front line dispatches telling of tremendous explosions roaring over a broad area seemed to indi cajte the Russians were carrying oat with ruthless abandon the scorched earth policy in the first oil regions the Germans have been able to penetrate in their Caucasian IThe suddenly extend ing their drive eastward along the Baku Railway toward the claimed the capture of 110 miles southeast of Armavir End midway between the Black Sea and They already had claimed to have reached the Caucasian slopes on a 250mile front and captured Maikop and Krasnodar in the northwest Cau In largescale tank battles in Kotelnikovski area of the Don el southwest of the Soviet machines appeared to be as strong as the and the Red army was counterattacking ivith some Five hundred miles north of the on the Voronezh fche Russians were making further expanding their bridge heads on the west bank of the taking several populated places in violent and re pulsing German counterattacks between the Don and Germans Bring Up Reserves The Germans were bringing up reserves and still maintaining com munications with their groups be fore the In the oilbearing MaikopKras nodar area of the northwest Cau said todays the Germans were striving hard to and dispatches from the front said great shrouds of dust and smoke were draped over a broad landscape already baked by a broiling summer Pravda said roaring blasts sear ed a wide and it was reason observers here to oe lieve that the Russians would de stroy the oil installations before the Germans reach The Maikop fields produced about 7 per cent of Russias Turn to Page 7 Woolen Mills Will Get Army Navy Pennant Clin tonWoolen Manufacturing Com pany will be the first Michigan firm to receive a new joint Army Navy Production Award on the re commendation of the Navy The Clinton manufac turing articles for both the Army and the will receive the award in a ceremony at the com panys plant on a date not yet an The award was authoriz ed by a joint ArmyNavy board passing on industrial incentive awards for war on the re commendation of the The new joint award replaces the Navy E and the Army A Each of firms selected will be permitted to fly the Army Navy Production Award pennant The pennant is swallow tailed with a white border and has a white capital E within a yellow wreath of oak and laurel leaves on a ver tically divided blue and red back The word Army will be on the red background and the word Navy on the Lapel buttons will be given to each em ployee of concerns receiving the The recommendations of either Army or Navy are based on qual ity and quantity of production in the light of available Two other concerns named on the first award list on the recommendation of the The Chrysler for production in the Detroit Tank Arsenal at and the Gen eral Motors for pro duction at the Oldsmobile Division in were given awards in ceremonies RIOTS RAGE IN BOMBAY BURN SHOPS Gandhi and Nehru Jailed As Mass Civil Disobedience Drive Gains Momentum POLICE FIRE INTO CROWD By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS AllIn dia Congress Partys campaign of mass civil disobedience gained mo mentum today as workers left their jobs in 18 mills and rioting flared anew in where police fired into a large and turbulent crowd which refused to Violent disorders broke out in various parts of the with dem onstrators stoning suburban trains in one area and burning a govern ment grain shop in Twtneythree were sent to the hospital with bullet wounds suffered when police fired twice into groups in the Dadar dis trict of in Poona police fired on a mostly near Parsurambhau and two were remov ed to a Schools and col were the Hindu name for threw bottles through The work stoppages in some Bombay mills were in response to Mohandas Gandhis do or die call for a complete deadlock by strikes and all other nonviolence As the campaign entered its second day of showers of bottles and shouts of demonstra there were portents of even greater trouble Bands of Hindus stoned some Moslem shops in the trouble area of south central Police have the greatest fear of repetition of the communal MoslemHindu riots which have followed previous civil disobedience These riots often were the bloodiest and the most difficult to Throughout the city troops were stationed in groups ranging from a dozen soldiers to a full Turn to Page 7 Ground Markers For Enemy Fliers Found in MITCHELL 10 markers emblaz oned by rural fifth columnists with plows and other farm implements to guide enemy bombers to vital objectives have been discovered by army air observers and Danger to large eastern airports and plane factories to which the markers pointed thus has been Dache commanding the first air support unit of the first air said in making the disclosure Proper action was taken by army intelligence officers and the Fed eral Bureau of Col onel Dache without announc ing the fate of those who fashioned the ingenious markers visible only from the Aerial photographs of the mark the location of which was de scribed only as in the eastern part of the United showed sev eral clear instances of how enemy agents or sympathizers sowed into peaceful farmlands potential de vices to aid One of the cleverest according to the air force an was an arrow pointing directly at an eastern air base and madeb y clearin a section of earth in the shape of a V at the head of a natural In another a mam moth arrow created by a plow was aimed directly ata nearby air plane A huge field had been furrowed except for an ar rowshaped portion of untouched land remaining dark and clearly visible against the lighter plowed part Still another airview showed dozens of empty grain sacks ostensibly left carelessly in an open field but actually arranged care fully in a pattern forming an enormous figure with the tail of the 9 a perfect guide pointing at a plane factory ADRIAN MAN HELPED STOP JAPS AT MIDWAY Corporal Frederick son of Odelia Herman of 551 South Center first on the left in the above was one of the mem bers of a Flying Fortress crew that helped stop the Japs at Lt Brooke Allen of Wil North second from the left in the front led one of the flights of Fortresses in the Other members of the crew shown above with the Jersey Bounce front left to right 2nd Lieut Robert Gaskell of Los Angeles Lt Allen 1st Richard Master Sergeant Kenneth Back left to Corporal Herman of Adrian Sergeant William Maine Corporal Virgil Richland Staff Sergeant The taken in the Pacific area sometime after the Midway was supplied The Telegram by the Seventh Air Learns Of Her Sons Air Battle My son fought in the Battle of Midway Odelia Herman exclaimed in bewilderment when told that her son was a member of a crew of one of the Armys giant flying fortresses that engaged the enemy so successfully during that conflict At last her problem was solved Herman who lives at 551 South Center Street had wondered and scratched her head in vain since she received a letter dated June 13 from her Frederick who said in that As you have read in the we had a little excite ment here some time better known to his friends as is stationed somewhere in the Hawaiian Is his mother but what he meant by that statement about the she sim ply could not figure out Were all proud of Herman but Im just one of many mothers who are going through this worry and Herman has had various other letters from her In a letter written July Dick ex pressed his remorse for being such a baby in his younger They put me in charge of a ground station the other day and is it ever a headache I have four men working it with me and you should hear the squawks when one of them doesnt get the shift he thinks he I realize now just how hard it always was at home to please everybody at Most of the I would rather pull the tough shifts myself just to save I guess that is the way you felt about I surely am sorry for being such a baby about the little things I used to moan about when you told me to do them in it makes me kind of ashamed when I think of But another letter touches on the humorous I went swimming at Waikiki the other Dick andv the surf just doesnt seem to mind the war at all it just keeps rolling hi all the I guess the government has no priorities on surf yet BENGASI ATTACKED 10 heavy bombers made a sharp attack yes terday on the Axis supply port of scoring a direct hit on one ship and registering misses on British headquarters re ported The reference to allied bomb as distinguished from presumably meant that United States army aircraft participated in the assault British light bombers simultane ously attacked enemy shipping off the North Africa coast and bomb arded grounded Axis warplanes at airdromes in the El Daba area west of Flying Fortress Flight Sommander Tells How Jap Carriers Were Hit The Jap fleet and invasion force that was stopped and turned back by Navy and Marine fighters from the Hawaiian area received a mighty hot One of the members of a Flying Fortress crew that played an im portant role in the fight was Cor poral Frederick Herman of Ad After enlisting in the Army Air Corporal Herman was stationed at Hickam Hono where he completed a course in radio shop work and theory De cember After completing the course he became an instruc tor in radio work and then later was assigned to a Flying Fortress as assistant radio He was 21 years old March Brooke Allen of North was the leader of one of the flights of Fortresses that took part in the attack and Corporal Herman was a crew member of his We were after the Jap car Allen told public relations men with the Seventh Air Force the We found them in the middle of a fleet of almost 30 fighting It was a sight wed all been wait ing for since December get a chance at We had to check our sure we were all We were pretty and using our oxygen From where we were flying it was quite a pic Jap carriers were squirming around pretty in a violent maneuver attempting to hide un der clouds and avoid our There were four of them at Corporal Frederick Herman generally running abreast picked out one and we got direct hits on My trailing plane picked up his er planted hits on We then headed back to Mid but the Japs were attacking the so we had to stay up for the allclear That night while we were grabbing some shuteye beside our a Jap submarine came up and started shelling the We thought for a minute that the whole Jap fleet had Entire County Takes Part In Wednesday Blackout All of Lenawee county will par ticipate in blackout ordered Wednesday night for southern Michigan by Governor Murray Van Wagoner from 11 to Parts of Illinois and Wis consin will take The Mich igan blackout has been ordered for the entire southern half of the Lower Fortyone counties are included in the blackout It will be the most extensive experiment in antiair raid precautions the civil ian defense organizations of the state have yet Every residence in city and in cluding farm houses in sparsely populated districts are to be in cluded in the Few exemptions are According to the governors post offices need not extinguish their lights if by so doing handling of mail will be Hospitals which have not yet been provided with means to obscure their lights are and manufacturing plants engaged in war production willnothe subject to if their production will be ham pered or the of sabotage is Some Vehicles Exempted Certain motor vehicles also are released from compliance with the They include utility repair post of interstate passenger and freight motor carriers and such other vehicles as may be permit ted to operate upon specific au thorization of the state or local commanders of the Citizens De fense To prevent unnecessary risk of lives and certain lights will not be They are railroad gate rail road train lights necessary for op railroad signal Kghts on airway beacon airway obstruction radio tower waterway navigation lights and boat highway barricade lights and public works and utilities lights on exca E Six German Saboteurs Die In Chair Two Are Spared For Informing On Companions One Sentenced to 30 Other Gets Life Biddle Declares Leniency Was Justified By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The government was perfectly justified in showing leniency to two of the convicted eight German saboteurs by sending them to prison because they helped considerably in pre paring the case against the six who were electrocuted Attor ney General Biddle said This strategy of sparing the lives of the men who turned tale bearer to disclose the activities of their confederates in international con spiracy who came by submarine to launch a twoyear sabotage cam paign was seen as a govern ment bid for aid from any member of other enemy Ten people have been jailed In New York and Chicago on charges of having aided the There was no word on the dis position the bodies of the six men who were The Of fice of War Information said any information would have to come from the White The British radio broadcast the news of the execution of Heinrich Harm Richard Ed ward John Herbert Hans Werner Thiel and Hermann Otto Neubauer to the Nazidomi nated continent in several langu ages Saturday night Those spared by Presidential communtation were George John sentenced 30 ErnestPeter toserye the Says Troops Ready to Invade The Continent WITH THE ARMY GROUND FORCES IN 10 troops have taken over some of Englands de fense areas and are ready to help the British meet a German invas but theyare not being trained to sit on the com mander of ground forces in said in his first press con ference that United States troops are coming by the thousand upon thousand and add ed that the sooner a second front could be opened the The 46yearold general said that American troops were ready to invade the continent at once if necessary although they could profitably use six months more In General Clark our men are far better trained than were American troops which reached France in the same period during the last One important he was the need for adapting Ameri can equipment and methods to those of the British so an invading force can work as a We must work out our mutual problems so that our ground forces know how to work with the RAF and vice he We must know how to use British boats in amphibious Guy Gale of Santa represents the air force on the generals His chief of staff is Lewell Rooks of Walla There is only one way to get real experience and that is in bat Clark You can do only so much in The picked divisions being sent to this theater have been formed at least a year although this does not mean that every man in every division has had a years After all it is going to take young men to keep up with the Telephone Calls To Spread County Blackout Notice Arrangements have been made by city and county air raid to spread the news of Wednesday nights coun tywide blackout by telephone in localities outside of Through the courtesy of the Ad rian office of the TriCounty Tel ephone Company long distance calls were made today to 14 other exchanges in the The managers and operators agreed to notify all of their subscribers by telephone so they would be ready to in the county Rural telephone subscribers and those living in small communities have been urged to spread the word of the blackout to neighbors without remainder of his life in Death snapped short the shad owy careers of the six Nazi sabo men who sneaked ashore from enemy submarines bent upon crippling the American war effort by explosion and At the first of the agents of destruction to pay with his life was led from a cell at the District of Columbia Jail to its execution In grim succession the five others Just before the White several miles an nounced that President Roosevelt had approved the findings and recommendations of the military commission and that the six had been The record of the containing much information of an important military it was would be sealed until after the Turn to Page 7 War At A Glance PACIFIC Offensive against Japanese south Pacific bases con with Allied forces main taining but meets with stout enemy continues with civilians and police killed and wounded as civil disobedience cam paign continues his and other Congress Party leaders jailed Britain believes revolt can be subdued without great diffi claim cap ture of center of rich oil field claims encirclement of Rus sian army in central sector of Don elbow front London reports Red army takes offensive near Voronezh and repulses all attacks on blast Osna brueck in Ruhr Valley and at docks and installations along inva sion coast Allied bombers attack Axis supply port of Bengasi in 1 12 HURT IN BUS CRASH 10 W crowded crippled in a cruised slowly along the main highway its gears its driver unconscious and its passengers pouring from it as it One man was Killed and 12 none A fire truck finally stopped the machine after it had run nearly two Policeman Howard Thulin said an automobile turned directly into the bus and crashed with such force the car was crushed and its driver injured Lawrence bus was knocked Gears and throttle were jammed so passeng ers could not stop Police called the El Cerrito fire Two trucks respond One slipped in front of the bus with red lights and kept the road Bus passeng ers had pulled Oie from his seat and one had taken the Someone else opened the bus Passengers began steping out An ambulance followed and picked up the The second fire truck pursued the When it was close enough two firemen fastened a stout rope to the rear of the bus and anchor ed to their Captain Don the then stepped on his brakes and stalled the Deputy Coroner Drummey identified the car driver as Victor American Planes Bomb Haiphong 10 United States planes delivered a concentrated bombardment of the waterfront at French without loss to the Chinese report ed There was extensive it was and steamers hi port were hit It was the first raid on Haip hong by raiders based in Haiphong has been used by the Japanese as a port of entry into the French colony since when Vichy made its first ac cord with It is located in the the Gulf of Reports Meager As Allies Seek to Wrest Initiative From Japs In Southwest Pacific MacARTHURS HEAD Powerful bomber formations of the allied southwest Pacific command rained sledge hammer blows on enemy bases in the New Guinea New Britain it was reported as air and sea forces locked in battle with the Japanese for the mountainous Solomon Islands and their strategic Official reports from allied head quarters were meager and ex tremely cautious at the end of the fourth day of the first United Na tions attempt to wrest the initia tive from the Japanese in the southwest But observers minimized the ac curacy of Tokyo broadcast claims to have sunk or damaged a large number of United States and Aus tralian warships and They also emphatically question ed Tokyo radio assertions that their Solomon Island defenders had incurred the loss of only seven planes and damage to two cruis ers in the first day and night While eagerly awaiting news of the outcome of the struggle for junglecovered islands under the equatorial sky 600 miles distant from this Australian headquarters were heartened by re ports from advanced bases describ ing the vigor with which day and night air attacks were being press ed home against the bases upon which the Japanese depend for re Bear Brunt of Attacks a cross roads for Japanese forces arriving from their mandated islands and fanning out to the southwest Pac Gasmata on the south coast of New and Lae and Sala mau on the northeast coast of New Guinea were bearing the full brunt of their aerial Turn to Page 2 10 Senate action to simplify a House approved tax collection of 5 per cent on interest and divi dends was forecast today by Chair man George DGa as the Sen ate Finance Committee began its last wsek of public hearings on the new revenue George said he was convinced that a flat levy of 3 per cent with out bring in more than the 5 per cent rate which the House bill would apply to income remaining after ex emptions had been taken for de Business men have complained to the Senate committee that this proposed which would be come effective January 1 and would serve merely as a form advanced collection of income would put a heavy burden of paper work on I think we will be compelled to bring the withholding levy nearer to the basis onwhich Social Se curity taxes now are George told adding that a fiat tax on the full amount of the income seemed the best way of accomplishing Deductions of one per cent now are made from the regular pay checks of millions of workers for Social Security with a maximum of 530 yearly being tak en from Turn to Page 7 CRACK BRITISH DESERT FIGHTER REPORTED DEAD 10 Daily Telegraph said today it had learned that William Henry Ewart one of Bri tains outstanding desert was killed in action in the recent Libyan Known affectionately to his troops as Gott was prais ed in the House of Commons by Prime Minister Churchill last June in recognition of his valor in com bating Field Marshal Erwin Rom mels advance and the war office ohce he probably knows more about the desert than any other senior British Of desert Gott once re to him who knows the desert can be a fortress to him who does not it can be a death He won a companionate in the Order of the British the Distinguished Service Order and a bar to it through his Libyan ex ;