Page 5 of 3 Oct 1851 Issue of Adelaide Times in Adelaide, South-Australia

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Adelaide Times (Newspaper) - October 3, 1851, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia sales by auction. Samson Wicksteed & co. Will sell this Day Friday october 3closed for Stock taking. Saturday october 4lease, by order of metropolitan building society Lea a of Moulden s brewery at Brown Jill Creek. Freehold cottage at Brompton. Lease at j Albert town by order of the official As i 8ignce. Sundries to close consignments. 15 casks roman Cement. Monday october 6cargo of Eugene. Stock of a grocer tuesday october ,7thremainder of cargo of v titania. By private contract16 cases drapery 15 acres at Fullerton with House lately occupied by j. F. Joubert Esq. Abstract of sales by auction by e. Solomon a co. This Day Friday oct. 3at port Ade Laide at 12 o clock Maul main teak Tim-1 Ber sex Eugene on the Prince s wharf and Constantia old port Whiske Yand j butter in or Newman s stores. 1 saturday october 4at the cattle Market at 12 o clock 50 very Superior horses just brought Overland by Murry Esq. Monday october-6city Mart closed. Tuesday october 7at the stores in the rear of the City Mart at 12 o clock 10 Bales Wool 6� Bales washed sheepskins and half a ton of tallow. Also jams cart j boxes hops a. Wednesday october 15the most splendid j assortment of fancy goods and works of Art Ever imported into this province. For further particulars of the above see this Day s Register. To Wool growers mfrcrant8, Farmers and others. E. Solomon & co. Auctioneers commission agents $rc., City auction Mart Hindley secreet in returning thanks for the very Liberal. Patronage extended towards them since they have been in business beg most respect fully to inform the merchants Wool growers far mers and the Public that having completed a Large store cellar and extensive Sheds at the rear of the auction Mart they have determined upon adopting the plan so successful in the so Ter colonies of holding weekly sales if Wool and produces and upon such favourable terms that the Wool grower merchant and settler must have a great advantage in the Sale Aud Pur Ehara of colonial produce. E. S. & co., therefore beg to inform the Public that their stores Are now open to receive Wool fallow skins sides wheat own coloured ground and plate Glass 40 x 30 and downwards. Rench polish varnishes of All sorts. Sheet Lead Sheet Zinc perforated Zinc Block tin a. In immense assortment of paints and colours of All sorts English Putty glue Aud Glass paper plaster Paris &c., at lowest prices. S. R. Viall Leigh Street notice. Just received sex Fanny. \ very Superior assortment of musical of instruments consisting of Flutina a cordons flutes violins Large sized musical ones violin strings Bridges tuning Forks using hammers instruction books various few copies of the Union tune Book and la Monist. Two very Superior harmonium for Salt pianoforte always on hand for Sale of hire. Instruments tuned repaired or taken in Exchange. Dawes pianoforte and harmonium maker Rundle Street East. Hats hats hats South australian hat Manu factory Leigh Street Adelaide. We. Leaver & co. Take great pleasure in returning thanks for the very Liberal support they have met with since their commencing business and beg to inform the Public in general that they have received per ship Anglia a miscellaneous assortment of materials for making All kinds of ladies Riding hats of the present fashion in London clerical hats gentlemen s hats and children s hats in every variety of shape made to order either from Beaver drab or Black silk Rabbit opossum or lambs wools Anda Good assortment of velvet and cloth Caps miners and drayman s hats perfectly Waterproof. W. L. & co. Also beg to offer to the Public he australian Light ventilator As a summer hat either in drab or Black silk or drab Brown Green and Blac Merino. Merchants and the Trade supplied. Old hats blocked arid re shaped for one shilling and sixpence. Rabbit and opossum skins bought in any Quantity. May 16,1951" bark " Peacock son Are prepared to t the strive their usual Supply of bark. Cash on delivery. I8ept. 20 -185lja l 1 skipping intelligence. October-2tho Schooner lady Flora 50 tons Thompson master from troubridge Shoal. Same Day the Schooner Antares 136 tons Hill master from Hobart town september 4. One Pas Senger. Cleared out. October 2the Cutter Roseanita 50 tons heard master for g Tichen Bay. Same Day the Cutter Merey 50 tons Sullock master for Kangaroo Island. Cargo inwards. Car 50 per lady Flora firewood. Cargo outwards. Cargo per Roseanna sundry stores for settlers. Cargo per mercy sundry stores for settlers. Miscellaneous shipping. The Brig two friends for Sydney sailed from the Light ship yesterday. Mines share list. 2, Exchange colonnade Adelaide october 30. 1851. Burras. 163/, Cash seller.0. Sale this Day at 161/. Cash 11 shares. Discounts daily. Money 12i to 15 per cent., on Freehold or Burras j. F. Boss share broker. Ship mails. Friday october 3,1851. Mails will be despatched As under for great Britain by the Devon to Calcutta and Overland on saturday october 4, at Iinlf-past3 and by the thetis to Madras and Overland this Day october 3, at half past 3. For Victoria by the Rica to Melbourne this october sat half past 3 and by the Asia to Mel Bourne on saturday october 4,.at half past 3. For Western Australia by the Jane to Swan River on saturday october 4th, at 2. For port Lincoln by the Emu on saturday oct. 4, at half past 12 for East indies and China by the Devon to Calcutta and Overland on saturday oct. 4. At half past 3 and by the thetis to Madras this Day october 3, at half past 3. For port Wakefield on saturday october 4, at half past 12. The times. Adelaide. Friday october 3, 1851. On the opening of Council yesterday or Hare gave notice of motion for a committee on the subject of a general measure of education for the province. The collector of customs in answer to Captain Hall stated that his department was now wholly under the local government. The House then went into committee on the Tariff. The collector of customs entered into an elaborate statement for which we refer to our report in answer to the allegations that the Colony is highly taxed and that the main Burden is thrown on the Labouring class. He ceded the Point urged by the Patent Copper company and placed coals and other fuel upon the free list. The same favour was claimed for printed books on the motion of or Neales but was opposed by the collector of Cus Toms who considered the step a false one As offering a Premium to foreign printers. A Long and desultory debate followed upon the Utility of various articles to Bear an extra duty to make up the expected deficiency in the Revenue from the reduction of the duties on spirits and tobacco. The Council divided on the proposition of the collector of customs to make the duty on spirits six shillings a gallon and it was carried by a majority of six. Alterations were also made in the duty on Coffee wine and Beer. The advocate general moved and the registrar general seconded the second Reading of the judges salaries Bill. Or waterhouse objected to the Bill and Captain Hall and or Button sup ported it. Or Baker said the work of the supreme court had been lightened and the number of judges increased and now it was proposed to increase their pay also he thought this a Railroad Pace of expenditure. He should however wish some marked distinction paid to judge Cooper for his length of service or Angas objected to the increase of expenditure and complained of the difficulty of Access to the courts from the country. Or Giles would propose 1,200/. As judge Cooper s salary and 1,000/. For judge Crawford. Captain Hart observed that judge Crawford came out Here with the under j standing that his salary was to he in creased. If the judges salaries were kept too Low it would be difficult to get the first Legal Talent of the Bench. The Bill was then read a second time. On the motion of the Avo cat Gene ral the standing orders were suspended and a Bill for reviving the Powers of the City commissioners till the municipal act Camei Force was carried through its various stages and passed. Or elder moved for an address to his excellency praying that provision might be made for payment of or Jacob s claim. The registrar general opposed the motion on the ground that the Home government had arranged the Bills at a time when the Colony was insolvent. He argued that it had a full right to dictate the terms and that it had decided As there was an act of general i Providence All parties concerned should Bear their share in its consequent inconvenience. He reminded the. House that the admission of one such claim would Lead to the enforcement of Many others. Or Hare urged the payment of the amount As an act of imperative Justice and condemned in Strong terms any refusal based upon expediency. Or Angas indignantly denied that the Colony had Ever been insolvent though an irresponsible government had become so. He censured the conduct of the Home authority who had. Acted in a most in Friendly spirit and but for this indomitable Energy of the colonists and their sup porters would have crushed it entirely i my watered be though be had opposed the acknowledgement of such claims considered the House bound to the Princi ple it had affirmed in appointing the com Mittee. He suggested that the amount should be paid from the land fund. Or Dutton opposed the Morion. Or Kingston moved an amendment to the effect of or waterhouse s Sugges Tion remarking that it was the land fund which had received the Benefit of mrja cob s exertions. Or Baker supported the motion and spoke in Strong terms against any attempt to get rid of it. Or Gwinne denounced the various de vices used by the opponents of the motion to evade the payment of this claim As worthy of Blackleg and swindlers rather than of members of that House. The Hon. Member in an energetic peroration declared that he would rather have the whole of the contemplated works suspended than that the claim should not be satisfied. Captain Hall Captain Hart messes Peacock and Neales and the advocate general and collector of Cus Toms followed but the motion was carried without a division the House shortly afterwards adjourned. Party personal politics. Those that live in Glass houses should not throw stones. Such at All events is the adage but alas How Little is it acted upon either in the private walks of life or in the Public political Arena. Of the disregard of this adage we have had some striking illustrations in the late discussions of Council but what makes them the More striking is that they have mainly come from the government Side of the House which in All Ordinary cases is expected to be free from these paltry personalities. We allude of course to the discussions on the claims against the local govern ment and to the debates on the Adelaide City and port railway Bill in which one or other of the elective members were distinctly charged with being influenced by interested motives and in which on one occasion the government sought by All the Means in its Power to secure the or e sensation of a petition in which allegations of this nature were embodied in a Gross and highly offensive form. The parties to this course of proceeding on the government Side have been principally the registrar general the collector of customs and the advocate general supported by their flunkies messes water House and Dutton. As regards the registrar general and the collector of customs however we Are bound to say that what has dropped from them of this nature has been tempered with a Good Deal of gentle Manly feeling and might have been Al Lowed to pass but for the Gross imputations of the advocate general on or Baker of tuesday last in the course of the Dis Cussion on the proposed alterations in the Tariff. But. To come to the Point More immediately in Issue or Baker in the course of that discussion had said that the officers of government could not be expected to Sanction a reduction in the Revenue from which their salaries were drawn. There was nothing to our minds very severe in this or that the Case in hand did not fully warrant. It was More however than the advocate general could stomach and he at once took or Baker to task for the use of language " unbecoming " from one gentleman to another and de " rotatory to the position he held in that " but the advocate general had missed his Way in this unprovoked attack and that he found to his Cost. This was All his adversary wanted and we can easily therefore suppose or Baker to have chuckled inwardly As the advocate general went on to say that " it came witha bad Grace i rom gentlemen who i persisted in sitting upon committees in " which their own interests were con " corned and a taking a promiscuous " part in the proceedings of that House the result of which would materially Benefit or Baker s reply shall be Given in his own words. " he would not willingly in Trude upon that House matters of a per Sonal nature but he must take the Liberty of saying that he had endeavoured to act conscientiously and was not aware that he had done anything derogatory to the character of a gentleman. If indeed he had offered himself to a popular constituency and being returned As their representative had accepted a government berth of five Hundred a year he might have been accused of interested motives if after making pledges and declaring principles at the hustings he had come into the Council with broken pledges to advocate principles altogether at variance with those which had secured his return he might be accused of inconsistency and might deserve not Only the imputations which the Hon. Advocate general had attempted to cast upon him but the contempt and scorn of every member of the House and he would look upon him self As the most degraded and Contemp Tible of Mankind. But he thanked god he had never accepted office at the expense of his political Creed he had not sold his constituents for five Hundred a year and could throw Back the imputations with All the scorn they deserved upon the head of the Hon. Member from whom they proceeded appealing confidently to that House and even to the Hon. Member himself to compare their conduct and to judge Between we can add nothing to the Force of this reply. It evidently took the sex member for Watala by Surprise and he writhed under the unmerciful infliction As one who had met More than his match. We Hope there May be no necessity for its repetition but should there be so we would suggest in the Way of addition an enumeration of the blunders for which this �500 a year has in part been paid. When did or Smillie Ever give such advice As was g Iven by or Hanson in the Watala election Case or go through the farce of extinguishing the City commission o Day and of being obliged to come the next As or Hanson did yesterday to ask the Council to suspend the standing orders and pass a Bill to revive it ? with what Ever follies or Smillie was fairly charge Able no one can input a to him anything so outrageously out of All Rule As these. The report on which these observations Are offered will be found at the close of the report of yesterday s Council proceedings. Domestic news. Auction sales saturday october 4. Samson Wicksteed and co by order of metro Tro Politan building society lease of Mouldon s brewery at Brm Vonhil Creek also at the Mart cottage at Brompton and several leases of properties. E. Solomon and co., at the cattle market50 horses. Wednesday october 15. E. Solomon and co., at the Mart fancy goods. Olympic entertainments at this House on wednesday evening were varied by the appearance of an actress new to this Colony whose performance More than realised the High anticipations that had been formed respecting her. Mrs Mereton appeared in several pieces and sustained the chief parts herself being at the same time assisted by some of the first theatrical Talent in the Colony. We have no space to criticise minutely any of this lady s performances but May just remark that her delivery of a Serio comic " address to married and single was particularly Happy and forcibly reminded us of mrs Stirling in her Best Days. Fob get must refer to our police report for particulars of the Case referred to yesterday As far As they have yet been made the subject if judicial investigation. The amount of forged Bills at present ascertained exceeds we understand �1700. Latest from California. The late arrivals from san Francisco bring accounts of some occurrences calculated to produce a startling sensation even in that land of excitement one of which will in All probability Lead to serious notice on the part of the British government. Fresh attempts at incendiary so and repetitions of robbery and outrage had worked up the Public mind to a degree it would appear almost of frenzy and loud complaints were made of the lax execution of the severe Lawsin cases of convicted and condemned criminals. The populace had a Pelly expressed a determination to take the execution of the Law into their own hands and opportunities soon presented themselves for so doing. A Man named m Cauley was sentenced to be hanged for murder but on the Day preceding that fixed for his execution the sen tence was commuted to imprisonment for life. The Pacific news thus notices the result this be coming known to some of the citizens of Napa a Large number of them proceeded to the cell of m Cauley Between Midnight and morning on Fri Day and woolly and deliberately hanged him up to a beam where his body was found next it is not seated of wha tint by Mcauley was a native he probably therefore was a native of the boasted free Republic. The next event of a similar nature concerns us More nearly the sufferer having been an englishman and an inhabitant of Sydney. His name was Jenkins and it is said that he was formerly a Waterman in this City. It appears that he was observed carrying a Box towards the Bay late at night pursued and taken after an obstinate resistance when the Box proved to be a Cash Box just stolen from a merchant s office. In place of being handed Over to the constituted authorities he was taken Possession of by a so called " committee of vigilance tried forthwith by about eighty of its members and sentenced to be hanged. The doom was immediately carried into execution. The Vic Tim was led out and Volunteer Jack Ketches presented themselves in scores who were about to string him up to a pole in the Square when As if in mockery of the sacred name some one cried out. " Don t hang him on the Liberty he was then dragged to a beam at the end of the old Cus Tom House. Aud in a few moments left swinging a lifeless Corpse in the air. The police were roughly handled in the attempt to interfere and would have been riddled with balls bad they so much for the respect paid by the citizens of the United states to their own Laws and those charged i with their execution bal Slife in Sydney. San Francisco in ruins. This ill fated City though just recovering from the disaster of the 3rd mar was again visited on the morning of the 80th june by a terrible conflagration which swept unchecked from Powell to sansome Street in one direction and from Broadway to Clay on the other. The fire broke out about 15 minutes before eleven o clock a.m., in a Frame House on the North Side of Pacific and about Twenty Yards from Powell Street. It is asserted that it was the work of an incendiary. Alarm was instantly Given and the dread cry in a few moments Drew thousands to the spot. The wind was blowing strongly at the time but during the Progress of the fire As is always the Case Rose almost to a Gale. The first building was soon in flames which spread like wildfire to those adjoining on Pacific Street. Such was the fearful rapidity of the Scourge that Twenty minutes sufficed for it to pass from one Street to another. Moreover the burning brands and Sparks borne up into the air alighted upon houses a Square from the scene of , and thus at one time we saw. Three or four different buildings several hundreds Yards apart burning at the same time. The Alt a California office withstood the flames for a while but it too fell before the fiery blast that swept around it. The new Jenny Lind theatre on the Square was consumed. All the houses on the North Side of Washington Between Kearney and Montgomery except the Verandah Al Dorado and Burgoyne s new banking House shared the same Fate. The space extends six streets East and West and five from North to South including ten entire squares and the major part of six others. The Prin i Cipal buildings that were Burnt Are the elegant pres i by Terian Church of the Rev. Or Williams in Stock j ton Street the Large Brick building on the Corner of Jackson and Duplon streets occupied a these cond floor As the armoury of the first California guard the Adobe on the Piaza the Alta Califore j via office the Jenny Lind theatre City Hall City i Hospital and the Fine new four Story Brick build ing of messes Markwald and Casper in Jackson i Street near Kearney. Notices of motion and orders of the Day. Friday october 3. Notice of motion 1. Capt. Hall to ask 41 whether any notice has been Given of the intention of placing a Light upon Cape Willoughby to the j Trinity House Deptford 2. Capt. Hall to ask i " whether it is the intention of the government to j adopt and bring into operation in this Colony the i mercantile Marine act of 13 and 14 Victoria j Cap. 93" 3. Capt. Hall to ask whether the works now in Progress at the go i Yern ment wharf port Adelaide Are authorised Byor under the cognizance of 4. Or Kingston to move f " for leave to bring in a Bill in titled " a Bill for facilitating and simplifying proceedings by and against the South australian mining association and for other purposes therein 5. Or Neales to move " that the petition of messes Primrose and Bunce respecting the distillation Bill be read and con Sider i 6. Or Hare to move Council do consider the prayer of the petition of the working classes presented by him on tuesday 7. Capt. Bagot to move " that the petition of or ii. F. Macgeorge. Be referred to the select committee on 8. Cant. Hart to move " the appointment of a select committee to enquire into the steam dredge order of the Day. 1, Trinity Board appointment Bill. First Reading. Tuesday october 7. Notice of motion. T 1. Or Baker to move " for leave to bring in a Bill to give Relief to Jer sows having claims against the local government of South Australia by authorising them to try the Validity of such claims in a court of Law. 2. Or g. F. Angas to ask. The registrar Genera " if it was positively determined to place the line of the City and port railway on any part of the pre sent common Rood and if so what precautions would be adopted by the government to prevent accidents to persons travelling upon the common Road inseparable from such an unprecedented and danger Ous arrangement wednesday october-8. Notice of motion 1. Or Hare to move " Tho appointment of a committee to consider the propriety of bringing in a general. Flection Mea sure.".7 tuesday october 14. Notice of motion 1. Or Baker to move " for leave to bring in a Bill to give a preferable Lien on Wool from season to season and to make mortgages of sheep cattle and horses valid without delivery to the government business order Oft Wedat water works Bill sub committee to report. John Morl Hett. Speaker. Legislative Council. Thursday october 2. Petitions. Or Dotton presented a petition from 77rin habitats of Adelaide praying for the Prog Repton government works for the Benefit of the unemployed labourers. Read and received. Notices. Or Angas gave notice for tuesday of a ques Tion relative to the Protection of passengers in event of the fort railway being placed on the common Road. The collector of customs gave notice for this Day of the first Reading of the Trinity Board Bill. Or Hare game notice for tuesday of a motion for a committee Rel utile to a measure for general education. Capt. Bagot gave notice for this Day of a motion to refer Macgeorge s petition to the committee for considering claims upon the government. Capt. Hall asked whether the customs were still under the English Board of commissioners. The collector of customs replied that a communication was received from the Home government and gazetted Here in december last in which it was stated that for the future the customs would be under the jurisdiction of the local legis lature and since then he had us Onsi Erett his Talf though the commissioners did not see i to think so is they still sent out the same notices and requisitions As before. Capt. Hart gave notice Forte Day of a motion for the appointment of a select committee to report upon the steam dredge expenditure. The Tariff. In committee. The collector of customs before moving the consideration of the separate items of the Tariff remarked that the subject of taxation must necessarily be a sore one As wherever a tax was Laid on it was Felt to press upon a tender part. There had however been some misrepresentations on the subject Yhvh he would notice not in any spirit of recrimination but with a new to prevent the spread of dissatisfaction which might arise from their being a contradicted or unexplained. It had been said that government sought unnecessarily to raise taxation and grasped at All it could. The Hon. Member for Victoria had entered into a history of taxation through which it might perhaps to Well follow him. Prior to 1312 the Colony was not self supporting it was of course Vuin to tax a Community before it could produce an Export for it was evident it was not in a position to Bear Taxa Tion. But by the ordinances nos3 and 4, of 1848, duties were imposed on wines spirits and tobacco As also an oppressive and in just wharfage duty unjust in principle because it was levied upon the bulk or weight without regard to value so that some necessaries of life were taxed As High As 12 or 14 per cent., while some which might be classed As luxuries were subject to Only one per cent., or less. In the year 1842, Tho ordinance no 2 was passed to Render the Colony self supporting. It imposed certain duties some of them discriminating and others and Valorme. In 1844 the differential duties Between great Britain and the colonies were abolished and in 1815 the obnoxious wharfage duties were repealed rates being substituted and Valo Rem without increasing the taxation. In 1846 Ano ther act no 16, still farther substituted rates for and Valorme duties without increasing taxation but retaining discriminating and protective duties in favor of British produce. In 1848, the ordinance now in Force no 2, abolished protective duties and reduced taxation 4 per cent. It was now proposed still farther to reduce taxation 6� per cent., yet Tho government was accused of attempting to increase it and Render it oppressive. The second subject upon which there had been great misrepresentation was the amount of taxation Here As compared with that in other places. It had been said we were the highest taxed Community of any higher than great Britain. Hon. Members should be Cantou How they gave Sanction to such erroneous state ments necessarily calculated to produce Discon tent. The Mode of proceeding adopted to support such allegations was to include among the taxes various items which did not in reality belong to it. For instance the assessment upon Stock was not a tax Bat a rent just As much As the payment for running out a hor66 at pasture in a private pad Dock. Again postage was not a tax Bat a pay meet for service performed As much As Money to a Carrier or to the parcels delivery company and the same might be said of Pilotage. Govern ment undertook such things for the Public convenience Bat they were self supporting Only and not intended to swell the Revenue. The taxes were the customs duty yielding , and the License fees producing �6,000, in All .�106,000. This taking the population at 63,700, would give an average of 1z 1 is 7d per head As the amount of taxation m South Australia. The taxes in great Britain for the year ended october 10th, 18.42, amounted exclusive of postage a to 47,290,385/ net. Exclusive of the Cost of collection the Popula Tion being 20,929,531. That gave an average of in 5? 2d Par head. The poor rate was 16 the Pound or 6s 5d per head and the Cost col Lection is 6d in the Pound. If these were added the taxation of great Britain would am outfit to 2114s per head More than half As much Agam As that of South Australia. Ireland Frd capt. Bagot another incorrect statement to which to wished to refer was that the main Burden of Taxa Tion in South Australia was borne by the Labouring classes. To show the fallacy of this he had pre pared tables showing the probable expenditure of a Labouring Man and that of a Poison possessing from 500rto 900z per annul and a amount

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