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Adelaide Times Newspaper Archives Jan 7 1850, Page 14

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Adelaide Times (Newspaper) - January 7, 1850, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia emigration despatches. Colonial Secretary s office. Add Laue december 26, 1819. Is Etcell Dicj the lieutenant go Vernor has Tieu pleased to direct the pub Lic i Ion of the following despatch relative to Engra Ion. For general information. By his live Saliency s command chs. Sturt colonial Secie Ary. No. 47. Do Wing Nirei to Jane 16, 1s43. Sir i have the honour to transmit o you copies of two if ters one from or Kingston h member of the Voloni a i n society the other from the ilm Orab of. Scot written on behalf of that society Uri intr the Avn Ages of what is termed assisted emigration and the latter the to amending that no persons should hence Forward he sent to he australian co o lies unless they pay half the expels of their passage. I also end be copies of two reports male to Nie by the emigration c m Niss loners upon these letters and of the answers which i then caused to be re turned to them. 2. I Send you these papers because the subject of assisted emigration is one which will to rally attract attention from t me to t me in the australian colonies and because i am consequently desirous to put you in Possession of All the More important Cor esp Tidence which May pass upon the question in la s country. 3. The idea of obtaining some contribution from the persons who Are aided by Public funds to emigrate is so obvious that i need scarcely say that it is no new. From the first moment when emigration to Australia under the care of the govern ment was extensively undertaken an at tempt was made to a fact this object but it Sjon became apparent that the Cost of the transit across the Ocean was not the Only Point to be considered. By the time that those who were interested in the emigrants had provided them with their outfit and released them from any Smail debts which they m get have at Home and defrayed their conveyance to the Porr of embarkation they Felt they had already contributed a Large share towards the total Cost of removal an 1 they would not sub scribe any More. Tiie a Sulc at that time was that either the emigration must have ceased altogether or must have been com posed Ofinn entirely different class viz., of persons who possessed some Means of their own a id probably had fallen from b to tar circumstances rather than of the useful agricultural labourers whom the colonists wished to obtain. F 4. Nevertheless i have always been extremely favourable to the principle of de manding some contribution from those who Are assisted to emigrate. The benefits hell out by the australian colonies having of late Yea is become so much better known and More Competition having excited to gain that advantage it. Has appeared to a reasonable to Hope that some payment could now be collected from those who Are enabled to reach the. T destination. Iam favourable to demanding contributions not merely because they would incr us the Fri Ciney if he co onial resources available to the same purposes although this is an object i by no Means undervalue but also because their amount appears to me to afford a Good and natural regulator of the extent of the applications preferred to the Coin mis Vouers and to determine in the fairest manner what persons shall be admitted to a Benefit Ulrch there Are not tiie Means of granting to All by whom it would by desired for these reasons i entirely a by roved of an attempt made by the com missioners in the Middle of last year to increase the payment of �1 per head which they had been accustomed to de Mand from All emigrants. But they bad not Long adopted this measure before they received such urgent representations from their most experienced agents of the difficulty of getting eligible emigrants upon these Tenns tint they vere induced to be Lieve it necessary to relinquish the de Mand. Having recently however heard that they were much Bur thened with the great number of applications which they have received beyond toe number that they Are Able to satisfy i have Given them instructions to inc Ieuse it sum which must be contributed by each intending Emigrant and they have according y raised that de Mand considerably As i shall presently explain in detail. It apr ears to me that by judiciously raising or lowering this required contribution according to the extent of the demand on the commissioners for assistance to emigrate they might regulate impartially and without direct interference the number of applications which would reach them and might elicit for the colonies the greatest amount of advantage which the existing state of Cir Cut Siance in this country would allow. At All events you will perceive in this account of the course i have pursued that i have been Foremost to dwell on the importance of endeavouring to make the Emi Grants take a fair share in the expense of their conveyance. 5. But it appears to me not the less material to guard against exaggerated Hopes or against views which might seriously it Jure the qualify of the emigration. I the first place it must Ever to borne in mind that so far As regards the a d which g a Tlemcen Wili Grant to their Neighbours or which poor Law unions will Supply a natural limit must be found in to e Small expense of passage to North America. The same topic is Farly illustrated in the reports of the engr Jiwon commissioners which Are enclosed in the present despatch. 6. In the next place too much Reliance must Noc a placed on s Clemens that great no hers of persons would be willing to pay contributions than Are at present called for. I is not from Agri cultural labourers or from the Humble country , who Are most wanted in the colonies that demands would be found to proceed for a change in the sex i lug practice or statements that they would be willing to pay larger contribution. Representations of tuis nature Are Likely rather to emanate from persons of a Superior class who Are very anxious to reach the Colonis but Fiad themselves sex eluded. Such for instance As tradesmen who have been unfortunate the clerks of Bankers merchants and lawyers the higher sort of mechanics and persons of reduced circumstance a. But i do not understand that these Are persons who Are expected in the colonies either to find it for their own advantage to proceed thither or to yield any Public Benefit which renders it desirable that they should be assisted from the Public Treasury. On the contrary i see their resort to Australia frequently deprecated in the Pepons both of the governors and of the immigration agent As being productive of sap l o nement to themselves and unprofitable to the Community. 7. I have thought it right 0 bring these considerations within your View. If the colonists were merely to be asked whether it is not desirable that emigrants should be made to pay towards their passage their answer would naturally be in the affirmative. But it is material that it should be Well understood in the Colo Nies that this is not the Only question. In order to select emigrants on the principles Laid Down by the colonial authorities Many must be rejected and several of these May represent and believe themselves to b8 advocating the interest of the Colony when they Are urging their own private interest in gaining assistance to emigrate. It is precisely the class described in the local reports As least eligible who have the Best Means in this country of enforcing their own views and Wishe. For this reason it is much to be wished that the commissioners in discharging their duty to the colonies May be supported by Public opinion there and that the inhabitants May not be misled by incomplete or superficial accounts of the questions which have to be determined. 8. In conclusion i enclose for your information a copy of a scale of contributions which the commissioners have lately Laid Down As payable by All classes of emigrants who Are in any Way assisted by the Public to reach the australian Colo Nies. You will observe that even at the most eligible Ages they Are All without exception required to contribute from �2 for each adult to �7, according to the occupations to which they have been accustomed and that this Sale increases with the age of the emigrants until in certain cases they Are Only permitted to embark upon paying the whole estimate d Cost of their passage. I have the Honor to be sir your most obedient Humble servant Grey. sir h. E. F. Young &c., &c., see. Enclosure 1. York Gate regents Park March 15 the 1219. My lord circumstances having led my Atten Tion to the subject of colonization and having for the last ten months been actively engaged As a member of an association formed for the promo Tion of that object i venture to submit for your lordship s consideration some modifications of the system carried on by her majesty s emigration commissioners. As their operations Are entirely limited by the amount of the fund raised by the a e and rent of Crown lands in the colonies with the exception of some trifling sums raised by the emigrants or their friends an economical application of this fund is of vital importance and it is because i think it practicable to effect greater Resu to with it that i have ventured to address your lordship. The present practice of her Majes y s com missioners is to Grant free passages to eligible persons until the fund at their command is exhausted when being obliged to desist from affording further assistance As the persons de Sirous of emigrating wait in the expectation of ultimately obtaining a free passage migration ceases altogether and the colonies suffer seriously from Tho want of a continuous Stream of Imus Grants. Thus the funds Are consumed in the whole Cost of the passage with i believe but few exceptions of a limited and Small number of Emi Grants instead of defraying in part Only Tho sex j Pensis of a Large at least double if not treble the number. L he remedy the it i would propose for this defect in the system is that in future the cominis sinners should be instructed to limit the assist Ance to Ono half the amount of the p i Sago i my to Australia and whatever May hive been the difficulty of finding persons to emigrate on any terms formerly i after having had much Intercourse with parties connected with the Colo Nies As also with All classed throughout the country feel confident that the description of labourers most required in the colonies will be now found in such numbers As to consume the whole of the funds under the control of her majesty s commissioners even when managed in the frugal Mode i suggest. In order to secure this object i propose that the government should attach to the emigration Board or select from its number a person whose duty should be visit All parts of the United kingdom to give information on the subject of emigration generally to advise and con Cert measures with the landed proprietors clergy Parish bodies and others for miking the re source available for Tho Labouring class and to form a medium of communication Between the commissioners and the country districts. Indeed As the result of my experience i May declare that a person of this character recognised As an official Mode of Intercourse is even More generally required for forwarding the objects of emigration than even the very important alterations i have before advised. At present the Only persons to whom Tho classes can App y for information Are certain agents employed by Tho commissioners who receive a fee of trom 10s to 15s for every person they May induce to emigrate from whence it is obvious that the general mistrust i have observed to exist towards them is not without foundation and i would strongly recommend that the practice involving As it does considerable outlay be abandoned and no such agents employed of course excepting the naval officers required to inspect the intending emigrants at the ports of embarkation. Should the plan i venture to suggest be adopted i feel assured that in the present s ate of Public opinion on the subject of emigration it would be perfectly easy to establish associations or boards of landed proprietors clergy and oilers in every part of the kingdom no placed in direct communication with her majesty s commissioners would together with the unions and Parish authorities raise funds Suffi cent to defray one half Tho expense of Tho passage of All persons desirous of emigrating from their districts Pomaib y even two thirds provided the other halt or one third was supplied by the co Lonial land fund i speak of eligible emigrants who would be gladly received in the colonies. I am also certain of being Able to find zealous persons ready to perform gratuitously Tho office of secretaries to those boards or associations. Anxious As i am to being under your lord j ship s consideration other modes of adding to the Means now at the command of her majesty s emigration commissioners to extend the lieu of their operations yet aware of the pressure on your lordship s time i will not trespass on it further than to add that i should feel Higi of Gia titled were i allowed the Opportunity of j ing in person any part of my pvop83itions re Quiring elucidation. I have sic., signed William ii. G. Kingston. The Kight Hon. Earl Grey n consequence be Bur thened with a description of labor not required whilst the emigrants would be disappointed in finding employment on their arrival. Notwithstanding these objections to have much satisfaction in drawing your lordship s at Tention to the fact that her majesty s land and emigration commissioners though for some time opposed to the principle advocated by this society eventually recognised its applicability so far As to induce them to modify their rules and relax their practices by extending Tho Benefit of the land funds to those paying a portion of their Pas Sage Money. The state of the labour Market in this country and in the colonies the Public exertions of this society and other causes have contributed lat Terly to attract much attention to the subject of emigration and the result has been that not withstanding Tho increase in the amount of the Deposit Money the business of the emigration department has been augmented fourfold As stated by your lordship in the last session of parliament. Tie above and other Circum stances satisfy our minis that equally eligible emigrants willing to pay half the costs of their passage provided the principle of Mutual payments were duly encouraged. Between the 1st of August and the 15th of november last personal applicants for " assisted passages presented themselves at the Otilee of this society in London to the number of 1,670, representing with their families More than 5.1 00 statute adults. Sluce the latter Date the society ins declined entertaining applications in town but the Branch associations in the country have had a still More considerable number. A apprehension has been entertained in some quarters that any Supply of labour sent to the colonies under the system of assisted passages would necessarily be of an inferior description. The experience of this society is Well As of it3 several by inches Are however diametrically opposed to this and we Are now convinced that the fact of persons being Able and willing to defray a part of the expense of their passage to the Colo Nies wiil to found coincident with their steadiness and eligibility As a Labouring population. On this Point the committee Are supported in their View by a letter recently received from Cap Tain Bagot member of the legislative Council at i Adelaide in reply to their circular in which he states the conviction that when emigrants Are obliged to furnish a part of the cast the bet Ter description of persons will this conclusion is the More confirmed As the operations of the society proceed the applicants who now present themselves being of a More use Ful and desirable class. I lie objection that the Supply of labour would be unwelcome to the colonics if part of to Cost were paid in England is Best met by the feeling which prevails of the subject at new South Wales where the inhabitants expressly urge tire propriety of part of the expense of the voyage being de frayed by great Brit in and with great reason j inasmuch As this country is benefited by emigration not Only in Relief from poor rates but in its Commerce each Emigrant sent to Australia be coming a consumer of British manufactures to i the value of �7 or �8 per head. The principle in emigration which this society is desirous to promote derives additional support from the observations made by lord John Russell in the House of commons so recently As the 2nd instant Liis lordship on that occasion forcibly argued against the Issue of any Largo Public Grant in Aid of emigration upon Tho ground that it would tend to Check and discourage the Large amount of voluntary emigration now in pro Gress. Upon similar ground we May with Confidence i submit to your lordship that the system of granting free passages to the australian colonies j the entire expense of which is paid out of the colonial Lund fund must also operate As a discouragement to the payment of a portion of that expense by persons who under oth r Circum stances might be found willing to do so whilst the land fund itself is necessarily restricted in its benefits to a smaller number of persons. On the one had we can refer to the Large amount of emigration to America the Cost of which is entirely defrayed by the individuals themselves by their landlords or d Rived from their friends in that country. On the other hand we see that with the australian Laud fund wholly applied to free passages the individuals benefited Are required to contribute no share of the expense although it might be proved that Many who Are allowed to proceed on solv easy terms Are not deficient in pecuniary Means. Out of the 18,611 emigrants who proceeded to the australian colonies within the last yen not More than 1000 were accepted As contrib ters of a p it of the r passage Money whilst 142,000 proceeded to the United states alone. Another serious inconvenience arising from the system of granting free passages is exhibited in its tendency prematurely to exhaust Tom land fund and thus to suspend emigration for indefinite periods an evil of which the colonists have constantly complained and which has not infrequently been productive of disaster. We would earnestly solicit your lordship s serious attention to our representations on this latter Point in the Hope that some permanent arrangement May be adopted so As to Render the Supply of labour to the colonics less intermittent than hitherto. The interruptions in that Supply to which the australian colonies have been subjected from time to time must obviously have the effect of paralysing Enterprise and preventing the settler from being enabled to calculate from one year to another on that Supply of labour upon which he must depend in extending his operations. In this country also it Lias amounted to a i grievance the occurrence of which is most seriously apprehended at this moment when the advantages of emigration to the Southern colonies arc becoming More generally known in the Agri cultural districts amongst a class who would proceed thither but whose labour will be diverted to a foreign Market if Tho facilities to a user alias emigration Are Cut off. The committee would regret such an occurrence the More As by advices recently received from the australian colonics dated so late As the month of december last it would appear that notwithstanding the numbers who had arrived up to that period the Domand for labour continued unabated. A Sydney newspaper states that notwithstanding the recent arrivals there were no Emi Grants in the depot. There were far More applications for single women thin the committee could Supply single men and men with families were forwarded to the country and every individual met with an engagement. The same paper mentions As another instance of the existing demand that the emigrants despatched by the local government to the depots established in the Interior had been intercepted by numerous employers and hired on their journey. Such a state of things with the fact generally admitted that under proper regulations new South Wales alone is capable of absorbing 10,000 emigrants Annu ally Render the committee desirous of information As to Tho extent to which emigration to the Southern colonies May be expected to to carried out during the present year through the Aid of the funds in the hands of her majesty s commissioners for land and emigration. The committee Trust your lordship will con Sider that such information May with propriety be afforded As being essential to their operations which Hare hitherto been conducted in Eonni Cimon wit i arrangements entertained by the commissioners and in pursuance of which numerous applications Are daily received at the offices of this society to which the committee feel it difficult to afford a satisfactory reply. Requesting your lordship s Early consideration of the foregoing representations we have Francis Scott chairman. The right Hon. Earl Groy ac., &o., &.o. Exc Louiie 3. Colonial land and emigration office april 23rd. 18l9_ so we have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 24th Ultimo enclosing for our consideration the copy of a letter addressed to Earl Grey by or w. Ii. G. Kingston suggest ing certain modifications in the system of Emi Gration conducted under this Board. Or King Ston is a member of Tho colonisation society and has we believe at times acted As its Honor Ary Secretary and the suggestions contained in his letter Are the result of his experience in those capacities. 2. Tho principal suggestion is that to should discontinue altogether the Grant of free passages to Australia and should require All emigrants of whatever description to contribute one half of the expense of their passage. And or King Ston expresses his conv Fotiou that Tho description of labourers most required in the colonies would to now found in sufficient numbers to consume All the funds available for emigration to Australia even when thus economise. 3. It is scarcely necessary to observe that during Tho last year Tho Experiment of an assisted emigration has been tried to a considerable extent and As far As we can judge successfully. Under this system up to Tho 31st Ultimo 2,060 persons principally mechanics and artisans have been sent out Whoso contributions amounted to �9,590. We have every reason to Hope that these persons will be found a valuable addition to the Labouring classes in Australia but at tile same time they do not fall within the description of the most eligible Ein migrants As defined by the colonial authorities nor should we feel justified in sending out More than a limited proportion of them As compared with the whole emigration. The most eligible class Eon lists exclusively of the agricultural Abo uror and Shepherd find Tho female Doine Stio servant it is to these Only that we have been latterly in the habit of granting Iree passages. 1. Or Kingston assumes that from these per sons no less than from mechanics and artisans a contribution equal to one half the amount of passage Money could be obtained. That sue i might be the Case in some few instances to Are not prepared to deny but that it would not generally be so we have the almost Universal testimony of those most conversant with the habits and circumstances of the Rural population. Indeed the general rate of wages of the Agri cultural labourer would make it impossible that from his own resources he should be Able to con tribute any considerable sum towards Liis passage and those for whom the Parish or resident proprietors might be disposed to contribute would not always to the most valuable labourers of their neighbourhood 5. It must moreover be remembered that the agricultural labourer is not generally Dis posed to emigrate except under the pressure of want and accordingly his Choice of destination is very much influenced by the expense of reach ing it. At the present time there appears a Strong disposition Anion the agricultural popu lation to emigrate to Australia but if the expense of that emigration were increased much beyond Tho expense of emigration to Canada or the United states there can to Little doubt that the Stream of emigrants would be diverted from Australia to North America. Now the expense of passage to North America May be taken at from �4 to �5 a head and Tho expense of outfit to Australia is not much less. To the latter is to be added a Deposit of �2 per statute adult. So that Tho expense of a free passage to Australia at present is not much less than Tho expense of an unassisted passage to Norik America. But if or Kingston s suggestion were adopted the expense to an average family emigrating to Australia would be � b d for the father and Mother at �7 each 14 0 0 for three children under 14, at �3 103 each 10 10 0 add expense of outfit 14 0 0 total �33 10 0 the expense of the same family emigrating to Canada or the United states would be � s d for the father and Mother at �4 10s each 9 0 0 for three children at �2 of 6 15 0 total �15 15 0 we do not think that under these Circum stances or Kingston s scheme could be adopted without turning the emigration of Tho better class of agricultural labourers away from aus. Thalia. In Sbert we consider that in spite of All the Peculiar inducements offered to the labour ing Man by the accounts now received of Australia from their friends already settled there the expense of emigrating to the nearest place at which adequate wages can be obtained must in this As i n other cases limit to a great extent the contribution which the agricultural labourer can be expected to pay towards his removal to a More Distant country. 6. Or Kingston s next suggestion is that a travelling agent should be employed by this Board to give information on emigration generally and to advise and concert measures with landed proprietors Tho clergy and parochial authorities. In this suggestion we concur and before or Kingston s letter was written had organised a Schemo for that purpose and had decided on the gentleman most fitted for the employment. That gentleman having refused the office we have not yet been Able to select a person to whom to could entrust it but to shall do so As soon As possible. We May observe however that Tho arrangement will require to be brought into operation gradually and with much care to avoid the risk of checking the disposition to Emi grate which now prevails. To have. Ac., signed t. W. C. Murdoch. C. Alexander Wood. Herman Merivale Esq., ac., ac., a. Enclosure 4. Colonial land and emigration office May 16th, 1849. Sir we have to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 30th Ultimo transmitting for our report the copy of a communication from or Scott chairman of the colonisation society relative to the Mode of conducting emigration to Australia. Or Scott recommends that the prac Tice of granting free passages should be generally superseded by the system of assisted Emi Gration which he assumes to have been originated by the colonization society and he proceeds to combat the arguments against that system which he expects to be ured. 2. Or Scott s suggest m is almost exactly the same As that made by or Kingston Jin a letter to Earl Grey of the 15th March on which we had the honour to report on the 23rd Ultimo. We endeavoured in that report to show that al though from mechanics and artisans Sora contribution towards the expense of passage had been and might be obtained the circumstances of the agricultural labourer made it impossible that any material contribution could except in rare cases to obtained from him that As the agricultural labourer Seldom emigrated except under the pressure of want the expense of passage must always to a great extent in Luence his destination that the expense of outfits etc., made the Cost of a free passage to Australia at least equal to the Cost of an unassisted passage to North America and that consequently if any considerable addition were made to the Cost of the passage to Australia it would divert the emigration of this class from those colonies to the North american continent. 3. We see nothing in or Scott s letter to in Duce us to abandon or modify these opinions and we would accordingly beg to be allowed to refer to our report on or Kingston s letter for a Fuller statement of the arguments on this subject. We would add that the accounts which have been received since that letter was written Lead us to doubt whether any considerable increase in the " assisted emigration so Long As that emigration shall consist of mechanics and artisans Only would be advantageous either o the Colony or the Emi Grant. In submitting the usual return for the third Quarter of 1818, or Merwether on the 1st december last writes thus " the labourers most wanted Are shepherds farm servants Agri cultural labourers and female Domestic servants. For rough carpenters bricklayers and Black Smiths there is a slight demand in the country districts but for the Superior description of mechanics or tradesmen we can Only find employment in Sydney and other populous town3, there is no demand at All. Nor do i anticipate the recurrence of any great demand for labourers of that description unless it arise out of some new Field of employment such As Tho establishment of railroads because the sons of the lower classes in the Colony greatly prefer apprenticeship to trades to Agri cultural and pastoral employment and in this manner Tho Dom and Lor additional tradesmen is Likely to be satisfied As it arises without having recourse to the Mother 4. In the last paragraph of his letter or Scott applies for information As to the amount of funds applicable to emigration to Australia. It is not for us to offer an opinion whether this formation should be Given him or not but we think it our duty to Point out Tuat such ail application has been made. A similar application had been previously addressed to us by the colonization society which we did not feel ourselves at Liberty to comply with. To have ac., t. W. C. Murdoch. Frederick Rogers. Herman Merivale Esq., &.c., cac. Enclosure 5. Downing Street Atli Juno 1819. Sir with reference to your letter of the loth March last respecting assisted emigration and to my answer of the 21st March stating that the subject would to referred for report i am i Reci de by Earl Grey to inform you that As you Aro probably aware the question has since been again brought under consideration by the honour Able f. Scott on behalf of the colonization society and i am to inform you that lord Grey continues to to favourable he always has been to the obtaining of contributions from emigrants so far As it can a done without materially altering the composition of the emigration but that his lordship is not prepared to carry the principle to such an extent As should be Likely to include Only persons above the class wished for in the Colony and to deprive it of the Supply of labour which it most requires. I am n signed 11. Hawes. W. Ii. G. Kingston Esq. Enclosure a sir i am directed by Earl Grey to acquaint you that to has had under careful consideration your letter of the 17th Ultimo urging the advantages of assisted emigration to Australia and recommending that it should henceforward be adhered to exclusively and free emigration to al together abolished i am directed to acquaint you that lord Grey continues favourable As he always Hab been to the principle of requiring contributions from emigrants so far As it can be adopted without injuring the colonies by sending out to them at the expense of their Public funds emigrants of a kind which they do not want. But i am to state that he is net prepared to adopt the suggestion which you make that no emigrants should be accepted unless they pay half the expense of their passage As he has every reason to believe that such a course would exclude altogether that description of labourers which is most required by the settlers and is most essential to the Prosperity of the colonies. In answer to your enquiry on the extent of emigration during the remainder of the year i am directed to state that lord Grey is not aware of any reason to anticipate that it will be materially reduced from the rate at which it has lately been carried on. The suspension of the Issue of forms of application by the emigration commissioners has been occasioned not by any intention of putting a Stop to emigration but by the fact that the number of candidates already accepted is greater than Ean be removed for a considerable period and consequently that it would mislead persons desirous of emigrating to Issue to them forms for making applications which it is known beforehand must be refused. I am a signed b. Hawes. The Hon. F. Scott , enclosure 7. Payments towards passages. Before an embarkation order is issued the Fol lowing payments will be required from All persons of 14 years and upwards. Classes. 1. Agricultural labourers shepherds herdsmen and female Domestic and farm servants 2. Country mechanics such As blacksmiths Brick layers carpenters masons miners wheelwrights gardeners and females of the working class not being Domestic or farm servants 3. Other persons of the Labouring class if Dremea by the commissioners desirable for the Colony. Scale of payments. 6 l 11 12 10 13 13 o 3 � p p 2 b general Post office. Adelaide january 3rd, 1850. On and after monday the 7th instant the letter carriers will deliver letters within the limits of South Adelaide three times daily starting from Tho general Post office at 9 a.m., 12 noon and 3 . Letters intended for these deliveries must be posted fifteen minutes before the hour named. John Watts postmaster general. General Tost office. Adelaide. January 3rd, 1350. Post offices Liao been established at the undermentioned places the mails for which will to closed daily sundays excepted at Quarter before twelve o clock noon name of place. Postmaster. North Adelaide. Messes Henry Watson Walkerville James Pringle Kensington James Marshall Macgill Charles Harding Glen Osmond. F. W. Mitchell mitc Liam Henry Taylor Edward town j. Win. Adams. John Watts postmaster general. In pounding. Impounded at the Public Pound section87, District a one Grey Mare switch Tail like a off shoulder and near shoulder w one Hay Mare White Hind fetlock and near fore fetlock switch Tail like m off s de neck one Small Bri Niile cow no Brand legible red and White Heifer calf by her Side one dark red Bullock cock horns Brand off Rump like Job and near Side heart with or after it one Black Bullock cock horns like s on each Rump Blind near Eye one red and White Bullock Short Tail ears Cut Brand like is off shoulder cd off Rump one White and spotted Bullock like o near Rump like a Oil Rump Bow horn3 one Smoky Bullock like of off Rump 3 cock horns if not claimed to be sold on the 28th january 1850. Ii. Roberts pour deeper. Impounded at the Public Pound Moun Barker one Light red Bullock like Ujj crossed off hip 2 off thigh o near Rump Jyh near Libs j just behind shoulder one red bul lock Sac near hip 910 near ribs we near shoulder one dark red Bullock Sac near hip and blotched Brand like to under the Sac. 87 near ribs Jyh off shoulder. If not claimed will be sold on the 28th january 1850. J. B. Shephe11dson, pour deeper. I pounded at the Public Pound section518, o Halloran Hill District a one yellow Bullock White Rump belly and Tail cock horns j w near shoulder cd near Rump one red and White cow Smoky face Blaze in forehead lab near ribs Jyh off ruins one Cream coloured timor Pony Brown legs and Tail Saddle Marks illegible brands off and near ribs one Iron Grey filly White Hind feet Star in forehead White nostril no Brand visible about fifteen months old. If not released will be sold on the 28th of january 1850, at noon. Vim. Edward pour deeper. Impounded at the Public Pound Staughton Village one red cow and calf is near Side one yellow and White cow pm near ribs Fig off Rump one red steer like 165 w neat shoulder one yellow cow and calf no Brand Slit in eff ear one red steer White spot on faced on off hip 43 near ribs one Brown Bull White spot on flank no Brand one Strawberry Bull no Brand one Brown cow and calf a off Side f within Circle off. Thigh we near shoulder one red Heifer no Brand one White steer Down horns pm off 53 ribs one red steer like j off Rump one Brown and White Bull no brands visible one red Heifer ditto one red and White Heifer White along the Back ditto. If not claimed will to sold Oti �7th january 1850. Henry Jackson Pound keeper. Impounded at the Public Pound section2271, in the Hundred of Munno Para one Blue and White speckled Bullock wide Bonis in ii up at Point Kab near Horn Dia mond near shoulder like j near Tump Large Scab across the loins. It not claimed to be said on the 28- h january 185. Henry Bryant pour deeper. Impounded at the Public Pound Gawle town one Brown Bullock wide horns Iotch Brand Oft thigh supposed to be a c3 Small blotched figure and d off ribs one red and White spotted Bullock Short Stag horns like is near Rump. Of not chimed will be sold on the _8th january 13-Io. Thomas Orsmond Pound keeper. Impounded at the Public Pound Chain of i Ponds one red Bullock cock horns White on belly and flanks. T near ribs j near of Rump de off Rump d off thigh one yellow Bri Nille Bullock wide horns White on Ruip the and Tail like near shoulder is near ribs w by off ribs like g off flank s near Rump one red Snail Bullock near Horn off Star in forehead like Fig near Rump like g neat 149 thigh one White Bullock hoop horns Black spots of the neck and head like behind near shoulder Jike Yvo off ribs one yellow w cow he conjoined b off Rump Ujj crossed c off ribs 4 near ribs and near Rump one Strawberry Bullock like a near ribs like c near Rump like g off Rump like n off thigh 4 off ribs one Strawberry cow cock horns a t off ribs like b off shoulder. If not claimed to be sold on the 28th of january 1s50. Thomas Marsh Pound keeper. Impounded at the Public Pound govern Zinent Reserve Noa Lunga one Iron Grey gelding 3 on the near shoulder one Light Brown or Bay fully Bzdek Points swelling on the nose like r conjoined or 3 on the near shoulder one red yearling steer off Hind loot White no Brand visible one red yearling steer l on the near Rump one red cow Strawberry Tail yearling steer calf by her Side newly branded a calf has a wooden nose Board on one Light Brindle cow Straw Berry Tail yearling Heifer calf by her Side White Back and Strawberry face Brand on the cow like a Small o near Rump one Bullock cock horns Grey face Brindle neck and Strawberry Hind quarters Lik x 23 or 28 to a under one White steer red neck White face Brand b near ribs. If not claimed they will be sold january 28, 1850. John William Scott Pound keeper. Impounded at the Public Pound dry Creek one Black gelding horse switch Tail near fore fetlock White rope on neck. Up near shoulder n off shoulder White spot on forehead one Young Bay entire horse. Black Points switch Tail Small White spot on forehead one Young Bay gelding horse Long switch Tail Brand like off shoulder. If not claimed to be sold on the 21 st january 1850. One White Heifer red on the ears Cheeks and Rump no Brand if not claimed to be sold on 28th january 1850, at noon. James Cronk Pound keeper. Impounded at the Public Pound Section 33 of on the Torrens one red cow White itar in forehead White Tail f reversed and r conjoined near ribs illegible Brand off Houlder 1 1 off Rump w off thigh one 2 13 Rollow cow w near Rump s near thigh Nike go. In 3 in Diamond off Rump c off the Iff both ears one Brindle cow Blotch Brand tear ribs 111 near Rump like w near thigh be White cow Black each Side of face Black pot on Back no Brand visible calf by her id one red cow White belly lit near ear m off ribs calf by her Side one red cow stroke in Circle near shoulder stroke in Circle near thigh like a off Rump one red Poley cow c off ribs c off Rump one red and White steer to near ribs one Strawberry Heifer d off Rump one Lii e cow re near Rump co off thigh one Black Heifer no 2 Brand visible one red Poley cow Blotch Brand near Rump cd off thigh one red Bullock 2 hoop horns Blotch Brand like d m near ribs pc st near Rump he conjoined near thigh we off Rump one red Bullock White Back and belly Jyh near ribs to off shoulder _ to off Rump one red and White Bullock illegible Brand off shoulder Blotch Brand near ribs Blotch Brand near Rump one red and Whita Bullock White Baek and belly Hart near ribs like h1i near Rump stroke in Circle near thigh oae Strawberry Bullock Blotch Brand near shoulder pc near Rump Star on off o Rump one Strawberry Bullock m near shoulder l near ribs like p near Rump one Black Bullock 3 near thigh illegible Brand with 1 i j0 under off ribs one Strawberry Nobby Bull no Brand one red and White steer illegible Brand off ribs off thigh one Chestnut Mare Lack Points pm near shoulder one Chestnut horse White stroke Down face pm near shoulder one dark Bay horse Black Points pm near shoulder one Black Mare off Hind foot White we near shoulder she has two foals by her Side All have Long tails. If not claimed will be sold january 28, 1850. James Crowle Pound keeper. Impounded at the Public Pound Ang spark one Black or Brown Colt Long Tail both Hind fetlock White Small White spot in forehead if any Brand not visible one Bay Mare Long Tail White on both Hind Leet Little White on Boih fore feet like illegible Brand off shoulder filly foal by her Side one big Bay Mare Black Points Long Tail Jujj near shoulder Collar marked one Bay foal Blaize in face h near shoulder switch Tail White and Black White on both Hind feet one Bay horse White spot in forehead Black Points Long Tail if any brands not visible one dark Bay Mare Short Tail Black Points Light spot in near Cheek Small Light spot near rum in near shoulder. If not claims. To be sold on the 23rd january 1850. John s Plush Pound keeper pounded at the Public Pound Barossa near Landoch Valley one red Poley Bullock 2 within Circle near Side. 2 near ramp 2 near thigh off Side one Young red steer about ten months old Little Eshita Between the fore legs one Young red Heifer calf about nine months old. Bit under belly White spot on forehead and another on off ribs one yellow steer to near Rump with a Blotch underneath to off Rump with tip of off Horn gone and a piece Cut out of both ears one Black sided Bullock White Back and Telly we near Side t off Side to off Rump tip of i near ear Cut off and Slit in off one one red Bullock hoop horns 232 near ribs illegible Brand on near Rump like Ujj conjoined Shoff Rump. If not claimed will be sold on the 23th january 1s50. cattle advertised in last week s Gazette to to sold at i above Pound on the 18th january 1850, is postponed to the 2lst instant. R1ciid. P. Dony Pound keeper. Vandiemen s land. Sir William Denison is rather roughly handled by the subjects of his government in Van Hietnen s land. Take one instance out of Many. At a late meeting held in Launceston the following Resolution was moved by p. T. Smith Esq., j.p., seconded by Joseph Archer Esq., j.p., supported by w. Henty and unanimously adopted. That it is the opinion of this meeting that the despatches addressed by sir William Denison to the colonial minister with Refe rence to the merchants of the Colony on the 13th of May Isis with reference to the working mechanics of Hobart town on the 1st july. 1818 with reference to messes pit Cairn Allport Gregson and other highly esteemed colonists on the 4th december 1847 and with reference to the colonists generally on the 20th of August 1847. And on the 15tli August 184s exhibit a temper wholly unbecoming an officer charged with the administration of the government of a British Colony with the onerous duties of this government. That the policy of sir William Denison has been destructive of the permanent interests of this country. That in recommending in his despatch july 10, 1848, that the transposed convicts of the British Empire should be sent to this Colony lie neglected the unequivocal expression of Public opinion and utterly compromised the social welfare of the Community at Large. That ten Day s before lie announced in the legislative Council that the cessation of transportation had been determined by the British govern ment he dated this despatch demanding the continuance of transportation which despatch enabled Earl Grey to depart from the solemn engagement of the Crown not to Send convicts without the consent of the colonies and in the instance of this country not to Send them at All. That sir William Denison by continuing the fifteen per cant duties on colonial Commerce has taken an unjust advantage of the Long delay of representative government and suffered the commercial interests of this Colony to be seriously injured. That sir William Denison in tampering with the administration of Justice and accomplishing the extinction of an of parliament which gave to the inhabitants of this Colony the Protection of British Law has disturbed the Confidence of this Community in the pure administration of Justice. That the general proceedings of sir w. Denison have exhibited a disregard of the wishes reputation and moral and material int rests of the people whose lot it is to live under his government. This is Plain speaking from gentlemen holding her majesty s commission of the peace but not More so perhaps than is deserved. How Long will it be Here before we have half the Public spirit which at present exists in Vandiemen s land not withstanding All the efforts of our South australian purity mongers to decry it but a Good time is coming and we shall heartily Hail its Advent. Only let representative institutions once be granted and the colonists will take care of All the rest. Adelaide printed every monday and thursday morning by James Allen sole proprietor at a George Deane b general printing office King William Street and published by the said James Allen at the Adelaide times office opposite the commercial Exchange King Wil Liam Street where All communications for the editor Are to a addressed

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