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Adelaide Southern Cross Newspaper Archives Sep 8 1944, Page 1

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - September 08, 1944, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia hawaiian islands the aleutians and Alaska in a new world Roosevelt s account Bremerton. Isth text in part of a speech delivered by president Franklin d. Roosevelt from the . Paget sound Navy Vard Here on August 12 after his visit to Hawaii the Aleutian islands and Alaska. It he Cruiser in which i went from san Diego to Hawaii is one of a number of what we Call Post treaty cruisers much larger and More powerful and faster than the pre War cruisers which Are limited by treaty to 10,000 tons. This particular ship joined the Pacific Fleet less than a year ago but has already engaged in 15 operations in the Western and South West Pacific. We arrived at Pearl Harbor on july 26. What an amazing change since my visit there ten years ago. Up to that time the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard had maintained a steady growth like most of our other Navy Yards but to Day it is capable of making repairs to the heaviest ships and employs a Force nearly ten times As great Many of the mechanics coming from the West coast. All of the battleships and smaller Craft which were sunk or damaged in the attack on Pearl Harbor on december 7, 1941, have been raised with the exception of the Arizona. In her Case because of the explosion of her for Ward Magazine Salvage was impossible but in her Case her main Bat Tery of heavy guns was removed and remounted and now forms a part of the coastal defences on the Island of Oahu. Air of the other ships Are afloat and in service most of them having been put Back into commission Here. At puget sound and All of them greatly improved in fire Power. They have been used in ,the Paci fic and elsewhere one of them in deed the Nevada having taken part in the bombardment of the coast of Normandy prior to and during the Landing operations there As late As the sixth of june. I spent three Days on the Island of Oahu and everywhere As at the Navy Yard the War activities have multiplied almost beyond belief. On the afternoon of my arrival my old Friend general Douglas Mac Arthur arrived by air from new Guinea and we began a series of interesting. And useful conferences accompanied by Admiral Nimitz and my own chief of staff Admiral Leahy and. General Richardson the commanding general of army forces m the hawaiian area and Admiral Halsey commander of the third Fleet. In these three Days we talked about Pacific pro his a and the Best methods of conductor. The Pacific Campaign in the future. The discus Sions developed Complete Accord the. In the understanding of the problem in that confronts us and in the opinion As to the Best to methods for its Solu Tion. All of us must Bear in mind the enormous size of the Pacific area keeping a mental map of the whole fit in mind. The hawaiian islands Are no longer a Mere outpost. They constitute a major base from which and from the Pacific coast front line operations Are being conducted twice As far away As the distance Between the coast and Hawaii. The hawaiian islands have helped to make possible future operations in China make possible the. The capture and Independence of the Philippines and make possible the Earry Fng of War into the Home islands of Japan itself and its capital City of Tokio. During the rest of my stay in Hawaii i visited Many activities including the great airfields the hospitals and an ambulance plane at Hickham Field which had just come in with wounded men from Saipan and i saw a Large army group which was going through a Complete course on Jungle warfare ran Art which we have developed so expertly that ear troops Are More than a match in the Jungle for any japanese whom we have yet to meet � rejoining or ship we headed for ithe Aleutian islands four Days later disturbing hints on Fate of agriculture in Australia or. Colin Clark s review come very timely comment on the Ideal w o Industrial self sufficiency for Australia trends in reconstruction plans affect ing agriculture and pastoral production Low prices for primary products etc., is Here Given by the noted economist of the Queens land Bureau of Industry or. Colin Clark in a recent Issue of economic news which he edits. Phe department of Post War re construction has announced no Post War policy for agricultural and pastoral production but As in some other matters has confined itself to the dropping of hints some of which Are of an extremely disturbing nature. During the 1930 s we exported about half the output of our Rural industries which together with mine rals constituted nearly the whole of our average annual exports of �128 millions. Our average imports 88 per cent of which were manufactures were �97 millions external interest payments �30 millions and our Nett debit from other external transactions �4 millions. During this period Australia s Trade was thus approximately balanced. Imports etc., can Only exceed exports when there is a Nett movement of capital into the country As in Australia during the 1920 s. Exports can Only exceed imports in countries with a capital outflow . U.s.a., Bri Tain or France. The fashionable talk now is that after the War we Are going to Manu facture in Australia As Many As pos sible of the manufactured goods previously imported. This would cause some additional import of raw materials but the total of imports would fall heavily. A recent official state ment by the Commonwealth govern ment went further and said that Australia was aiming at becoming an exporter of manufactured goods. Under these circumstances our Pri Mary exports would be reduced Al most to nothing. We cannot Export without importing unless we provide for capital outflow on an enormous scale. Our Post War development will probably demand a fairly steady level of capital investment inside Australia at the rate of about �100 millions per annul at 1939 amount available for capital outflow will Only be that by which savings exceed this figure. It will be some years at least before any such excess is appreciable. Complete Industrial self sufficiency for Australia would mean reducing the agricultural and pastoral population of Australia to about half of its i 1939 level. It would mean the Dis appearance not Only of farming population but also of Many of the country towns which Are in economic equilibrium with the farming population. It would mean a whole Sale de population of Queensland and Western Australia and still further concentration of population in Mel Bourne and Sydney. The. Department of Post War re construction. Recently published a statement showing that an additional 25,000 persons would be employed in agriculture if the australian Popula Tion Rose by one million. The Clear implication is that australian Agri culture is to Content itself with sup saying the australian Market alone Lut the Urban Community in austra Lia however prosperous will not con sume much More food than it is con suming already. To provide a Market equivalent to the present Export markets the australian population would have to double and this will not occur for Many years. After the War world prices of Pri Mary produce will be found to have risen in much greater proportion than the prices of manufactured goods. Al ready in the .a. The wholesale Price of manufactured goods has risen by 25 per cent and prices received by Farmers 112 per cent. The table Here published see at Bottom Page 2 shows average farm prices for 1943. In the .a. Cob Vertex into australian currency at the present rate of Exchange compared prices a Queensland during the prices far below the. World value of the goods which they produce. The Commonwealth s com Pelling agriculture to accept artificially Low prices for its products while prices and wages Are High in All other industries appears All too clearly to be one of the Steps in a determined policy of discouraging agricultural and favouring. Manufacturing develop ment. The maintenance of these artificially Low prices is hindering the expansion of australian food production which is now the most urgent and immediate of our War obligations. With High world prices for our exports other than Wool and with a reduced real Burden of external in Terest payments we Are Likely to find our Post War balance of Trade Posi Tive rather than negative. Unless we Are willing to sacrifice part of our savings in order to provide a capital outflow Telb will Render an increase. In imports desirable. Any artificial reduction of imports will under these throw the economic system violently out of equilibrium cause an extreme Rise in costs of production and finally cause a heavy fall in exports. Sir David Rivett in a recent lec Ture joined the ranks of Throe advocating Industrial self sufi Trency As the basis of Post War . If he was expressing his own views they Are entitle i to consider Tom As wpil4 be. The views. Of a pee no Mist up a problem of physics or ,.jff. However be was stating no passport favouritism to . Catholics for missions Secretary Hull s comment that United states _ authorities. At the request of Catholic officials Hare shown favouritism to catholics As against protestants in the issuance of passports for missionaries to latin America have been answered by the state department. Secretary of state Cordell Hull at a recent press conference was informed of the charges and was asked the following question has any official Agency or representative of the Catholic Church asked the state department to deny or delay the issuing of a passport to protestant missionaries in general or to any protestant missionary specifically going to latin America Secretary Hull s reply was an emphatic no. The Secretary then volunteered the statement that there is no discrimination in the issuance of pass ports on grounds of religious affiliation. The question was prompted by a Resolution adopted at the convention of Southern baptists in Atlanta a. The Resolution stated that the convention viewed with deepest regret and growing alarm the persistent Campaign of the official circles of the roman Catholic Church in the United states to rid latin America of pro Testant missionaries.". It also asserted that there has been serious difficulty and delay in the granting of passports to protestant missionaries by the state department while no such difficulties it was indicated Are experienced by the Catholic missionaries. The Resolution further asserted we Call on All american citizens and their elected representatives to be constantly on the Alert against any tendency towards religious favouritism by our Secretary Hull also was asked whether the proportion could be Given of passports issued to protestant missionaries to latin America As com pared with passports issued to Catholic missionaries in the same area. The Secretary replied that he had no Chance to go into those details and added that it was not an easy task to compile proportions of passports is sued to a particular area. However it was ascertained that of passports issued to missionaries of All faiths for All areas Over the period from february 1 to april 30 the ratio of twelve passports for protestant missioners against one. Passport for Catholic missionaries prevailed. It was emphasised that these statistics covered passports for All countries and not for the latin american area alone. Two things that have brought the worlds ills Belfast priest s address the Belfast rotary club it. Rev. Or. A. Ryan lecturer in Scholastic philosophy Queen s. University Belfast said that it was becoming More evident that the woes from which the world was suffering were due to the conscious rejection by Many europeans of the sanest and most essential elements in their culture. A Bove All others said or. Rya two of these elements had been challenged and that was the most potent cause of present discontent. One was a legacy of Greece and the other of christianity. The first was a confident Reliance on the Validity and Power of human reason the other the concept of the absolute Worth of the individual person. These were the two foundations upon which european civilisation was built and to them they owed a great Deal which was of characteristic value in euro Pean achievement. When they leased to vilify their social life they Felt ill at ease and like strangers in a foreign land. One result was that the systems in Europe which one and All had deliberately turned their backs on these twin ideals As effete struck them Asun european and As belonging rather to the ancient East than to the civilisation of the West. For these systems the individual was nothing1, the state everything this was completely foreign to the genuine european Way of life. The old Raissez Faire individualism by insisting that civil authority should limit itself to the role of a referee allowed Industrial methods to become callous and indifferent to an immense Burden of human misery. It was All to the Good that they should be violently shocked out of such indifference and perhaps such was the historical and providential function of the totalitarian systems. These systems warned them that if they allowed the pendulum to swing too far in the other direction even wider and More callous i humanities would result. If Europe did not find the Middle path its Day of glory would have gone for Ever. Regarding respect for individual dignity or. Ryan said he found it difficult to conceive a body in Bel fast that had better Opportunity in this respect than the businessmen he had the Honor to address. It was their ensure that Busi Ness was not allowed to become a matter of figures in a balance Sheet but should always look upon the human interests which it governed As its primary concern. Their own magnificent motto service before self enshrined that Ideal. They could also insist that their legislators should make social Justice the first end of their endeavours and remind them frequently that party differences were of trifling importance compared to the happiness and Wel fare of the Community at. Large. As regards the Ideal of reasoned argument i cannot help thinking continued on Page two Call in a specialist when a mania ill he does not cat i an Amateur with a slight knowledge of Medicine. He obtains the services of the Best medical Man available. Is it net strange then that some men leave is the hands of inexperienced Indira duds the All important work of managing the fortunes which they Haye carefully built up during a lifetime 7 they appoint someone whom they Hare known and trusted who because he May be c shrewd business Man they imaging. Tjell make a capable trustee. This Gamble lot such it is May be successful tout it is just As Likely to be unsuccessful.,"the, private trustee if he is a business Man May put his own. Business first which is quite natural tendency. Or growing tired of the work after a period of Yoes he May just become apathetic and not trouble about the estate

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