Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia
3 Oct 1947

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Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia
3 Oct 1947

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - October 3, 1947, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia Britain quits Palestine inhere is no sense in discussing the question whether the inevitable decision of the British govern ment to quit Palestine is Wise or honorable. If those terms Are used at All in connection with the unhappy zionist Experiment All that can be said is that the whole thing was rooted in Dishonour from the first. The Balfour declaration in favor of the National Home violated a formal written Promise made to the Arab Sherif Hussein in 1915 by sir Henry Mcmahon High commissioner of Egypt on behalf of the British government. According to the terms of this Palestine was to be part of a great syrian Arab territory which was to receive Independence in Exchange for Arab Aid to the Allied cause. The whole history of the mandate based on the Balfour declaration has been one of an impossible attempt to keep two incompatible promises. According to its terms the jews were to be Given a Home in an Arab land without prejudice to the rights of the arabs already there. Apart from the Promise of course it was perfectly possible to maintain a limited jewish settlement by our armed Power to begin with until the other Peoples became used to the presence of the new population and they themselves became adjusted to the life of the land. What made the thing impossible was that the claims of the jews themselves became enlarged As their numbers grew until it was Clear that they would accept nothing less than the very political domination which Chaim Weizmann had formally rejected in their name in 1931. The arabs made it equally Clear that they would endure nothing of the kind and the British found themselves on the horns of a hopeless dilemma. To accept the zionist claim was to commit themselves to a truce less War with the islamic world which would be utterly ruinous to the interests of Britain Ift the Middle East yet having sponsored the jew ish immigration the government had placed itself in a position in which it was impossible for it to desert those who had come in under its Protection. Only the jews themselves could enable them to escape from their rash undertaking and it is their supreme Folly that in an Access of desperation and fury at the curb placed on their ambitions to Rule Palestine they have done so. Once the Power which had made possible the National Home became the victim of zionist hate campaigns and zionist terrorism there was no longer any moral obligation to be observed in regard to Palestine and no sense in allowing British lads to be butchered there in order to pro vide a Holiday in thedr hearts for Ben Hecht and his friends in America. Finally the decision to leave provides the perfect answer to those who declared that Britain had merely used the mandate As a Means of fulfilling her own imperialist plans. So the net is broken and she is delivered. The . Report on Palestine tithe report of the United nations committee on Palestine has no unexpected features. The eleven delegates including one from Australia were United in recommending the termination of the mandate As soon As possible and the Grant of palestinian Independence after a Brief transitional period. They also endorsed quantities of Protection for the holy. Places and the present rights of religious communities to be included in the Constitution or constitutions of Palestine in the final political arrangement. They recommended that the general As Sembly should take up the problem of the distressed european jews of whom some 250,000 Are in Assembly centres As an urgent matter. The new political Structure of Palestine should be basically representative in character and should preserve its economic Unity. All but two agreed that any Solu Tion for Palestine cannot be consid ered As a solution of the jewish prob Lem in As regards the further recommendations the committee were divided into a majority of seven four american countries Holland Sweden and Czechoslovakia and a minority of three India Persia and Jugo Slavia with Australia refusing to adhere to either. The majority re port proposes partition into Arab and jewish states with Britain carrying on administration during the interim period under . Auspices and with assistance from other . Members if desired 150,000 More jews Are to be admitted under the auspices of the jewish Agency. Constituent assemblies Are to draw up constitutions and sign a treaty of economic Union Gam Montavy an Widd of Favia neither state is to discriminate among those who accept citizenship on the ground of race religion or language and each is to provide for the education of its minority group. An economic Board of nine three from each state and three from . Is to organise and administer the objectives of economic Jerusalem with a surrounding area including Bethlehem is to be placed under the administration of . Its governor is to be neither an Arab nor a jew and the same applies to the police Force to be raised for the Protection of the holy places. The jewish state is to include Eastern Galilee the Plain of Esdra Clon and most of the coastal Plain As Well As the Beersheba subdistrict including the Negev. The Arab state paradoxically is formed of precisely the areas which constituted the heart of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah the Hill country of Samaria and Judea with a link with Egypt along the coast Plain. A minority plan for federation the minority rejects Complete partition in favor of a Federal state with Jerusalem As its capital. The constitutional machinery is to be re designed so As to secure full Powers of local self government i to jewish and Arab communities while Federal control is to operate for purposes of National. Defence foreign relations immigration and currency. Election to one chamber of the Federal legislative body is to be based on proportional representation which Means there will be an Arab majority in the other is to give equal representation to both races. There is to be a head of the state elected by a two chamber majority and a Deputy head who must be of the other Community. It seems by the Way that no communities other than arabs and jews Are admitted in either scheme the native christians Are simply lumped in with the mos lems. A Federal constitutional court of Appeal is to be set up composed of not less than four arabs and three jews elected by the two Chambers of the Federal legislature. Once Aga a the full rights of Minori ties Are to be guaranteed in both the states of the federation though there is to be Only a single citizen ship. A permanent International body is to be formed to protect the holy places in which the . And each of the interested religious bodies is to be represented. Immi Gration for the next three years is to be in such numbers As not to exceed the absorptive capacity of the jewish state and this is to be determined by a commission of three arabs three jews and three . Representatives. The Boundary arrangements in the minority report Are rather More favourable to the arabs than in the other but the areas allotted to both groups Are divided into two separate sections. It will be seen that the minority report secures Arab majority rights in the mixed state As is just while protecting As fully As possible the cultural and political rights of the jews As Junior partners. As a ration Al pattern it seems to be far More satisfactory than the first. The trouble is however that the work ing of any Federal Structure requires a minimum of Goodwill Between the associated groups. What we have Here is an irrepressible conflict in which neither is now Content to live with the other on any terms which the other will accept. The two re ports represent two solutions which have been offered again and again As alternatives to the jews and arabs in conflict and which have again and again been rejected. The irrepressible conflict t he Crux is and always has been immigration. Most of the Arab leaders would be willing to include a stabilised jewish Community in the new palestinian and syrian system which they Are working to set up but they dread the continual move ment of immigrant expansion the use of foreign capital to secure More and More land and economic control for jews and the Advance of jewish aspirations with the in crease of their numbers. This penetration which goes continually deeper keeps the whole Arab world in a state festering inflammation both against the jews themselves and their political protectors More especially the . It is no use to Point to the economic benefits brought by the jewish Settle ment. These people Are not economic minded the thing that moves them above All is the hatred of be ing reduced to a second class dependent status As employees and beneficiaries of a race of intruders whose presence and Way of life they detest. They Are not prepared to live at a moderate rent in a Section of their own House even if it has been beautifully improved they feel it is the newcomers who should be tenants at their will. The neutrality of Australia in re Gard to the two reports has paved the Way for the election of or. Evatt As head of the United nations pales Tine commission which will presumably Lay Down the lines of a final settlement if it can reach an agree ment. His task is not an enviable one. Any decisions made will Al most certainly be received with curses on either hand and if they Are to be implemented further armed action will be necessary under the auspices of the . Britain hav ing declined to be engaged in the Palestine affair any longer Means that the americans will be left with the alternative of backing the jews in arms and throwing the moslem world into the pro soviet Camp or standing aside and leaving the new Zion to its Fate. I think it very improbable indeed that the american government will commit itself to armed support of the jewish state in View of the new . Oil interests in the islamic Middle East. Certain journalistic commentators have been engaged in trying to per Suade us a that the talk of resistance to partition by the Arab states is a lot of Bluff and that there will be no United action of the moslem world against the jews and b that the jews in any Case Are Strong enough to beat their moslem enemies. On the contrary i am con Vinced that the Arab league Means exactly what it says and that the zionist state cannot survive the persistent hostility which will be loosed against it if it is once established in Palestine. The jewish settlers stand now on the Brink of the catastrophe to which the Folly of their own extremists has hastened them and i fear that the ., whose actions Are paralysed by the bitter division of East and West is not Likely to do much to Avert it. Petkoff one More victim a nether National Patriot of East Europe has been condemned to death for the crime of re sisting the designs of the Kremlin and. Its puppets. The liquidation of Petkoff of Bulgaria differs in no essential respect from that of Mihailovich of Yugoslavia of the smallholder conspirators of Hun Gary the betrayed underground leaders of National Poland and of an unknown multitude of other Vic Tims. And to these we must add the names of others who languish in prison after f farcical trials like archbishop Stepinac of Zagreb or who have disappeared without Trace or fled into exile. The event which has just taken place is not an exceptional and shocking outrage it is part of the Normal process of managed revolution in Eastern Europe. The dictatorship of the proletariat according to communist " doctrine is untrammelled by Law and based on it is Only failure to recognise that the reds mean what they say about this which can Lead to Surprise at developments of Savage tyranny when they Are in there have been of course the usual protests from the West As in the recent Case of Hungary and earlier instances of the same kind. They have been answered with the same mixture of contemptuous de Fiance and propaganda falsehood. The puppets who Rule Bulgaria under Dimitroff know perfectly Well that they Are Safe from any real intervention in favor of their victims and that those who still fight for free Dom will receive nothing but occasional expressions of qualified sym Pathy from the West. Eddie Mccarron s red lion hotel Rundle Street phone c1213 there Sian social in St. Therese s Hall colonel Light gardens sunday october 12 items dancing dance St. Raphael s Hall Young Street Parkside wednesday october 8 proceeds in Aid of Catholic sailors Mission. Entertainment for non dancers. Admission lid. . The Only Catholic Benefit society in South Australia Money available on approved first mortgage further information from t. L. Rafferty grand Secretary 24 Exchange buildings Pirie Street Adelaide. Phone c1818

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