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Adelaide Southern Cross Newspaper Archives Nov 17 1944, Page 1

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - November 17, 1944, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia population projections stabilisation and decline study called population projections 1910-70," by experts of the office of population research at Princeton University u.s.a., has lately been published by the league of nations. The following summary of the document is by k. C. Thaler in the London Flthe growth of the population of Europe is at an end according to population projections 1940-70," and european populations Are now approaching stability in a rapidly expanding world. The natural in crease of most european countries particularly of those in Central Wes Tern Northern and North Western Europe will decline in the next decade or two. With an orderly Continua Tion of recent Fertility and mortality trends in the future Europe would reach a maximum population of 421 000,000 in 1960, and from then on would decline at an accelerating Pace. In the Middle of the seventeenth Century Europe s population com prised Only about 100 millions. Since 1850 the population has doubled since .1800 it has almost trebled and in the last three centuries it has in creased More than five fold. Between 1900 and 1939 Europe s population in creased from 310 millions to 399 Mil Lions. Estimates which do not take into account War. Losses and which Are based on the Assumption of a continuation of the present birth rate indicate that the population of Europe will Rise to some 415 millions by 1950, or by 4% As compared with 1939, and to 420 millions by i960? whereas by 1970 it will be Only 417 millions. War losses however will undoubtedly even further affect this unsatisfactory trend. This development will necessarily involve further loss of ground for Europe As compared with the remain ing part of the world. In 1910 Europe s population excluding euro Pean Russia amounted to some 340 millions out of an estimated 1,685 millions or about 20% of the total world population. In the following decade 1910-1920, Europe s share of the world s population declined largely As a result of world War no. 1." by 1940 Europe s. Part of the total Feli to about 18%. This development will necessarily change Europe s relations with other continents in the future in the View of these experts and it May also change relations with in the european continent itself be tween East and West. It is rightly pointed out m this connection that in Europe population trends and Man Power have an important role in the balance of Power. The Hegemony i of France in Europe in the past was largely due to the act that she was then the most populous of the european countries. Germany s Rise is to no Small extent also conditioned by her predominance in Man Power. It is symptomatic that while every country in North Western and Cen trial Europe reaches its maximum population prior to 1970, almost All countries of Southern and Eastern Europe will still be growing in 1970, although at reduced rates of in crease. Assuming for the purposes of comparison that european pre War Fertility and mortality will continue and disregarding the effects of the War and possible changes in Boun Daries North Western and Central Europe whose population in 1940 was 234 millions will Rise to 237 Mil Lions Between 1050 and 1955 and will then decrease slowly to 225 Mil Lions in 1070. Northern. Europe s population comprising the scandinavian countries will decrease from 20.1 millions in 1940 to 19.5 millions in 1070. Southern Europe s population on the other hand including Italy Portugal and Spain will increase and that of Eastern Europe excluding Russia will Rise from 87.7 Mil Lions in 1940 to 105 millions in 1970. The copulation of the . Will Rise from 174 millions in 1940 to As much As 251 millions in 1970. The study of these experts arrives at the conclusion that the first Region to reach its maximum population is the United kingdom and Ireland. Throughout the nineteenth Century and up to the first world wart the population increase in England was from 10% to 15% per decade. Pro continued on Page two Strasbourg s Bishop opposition with All the soul s Powers answer to extreme insistence text of the protest of the Bishop of Strasbourg against the removal from French soil by the Ger mans of property belonging to the diocese of Strasbourg is taken from the Courrier de Geneve of May 14. Icharles Joseph Eugene Ruch by the Grace of god and the authority of the apostolic see Bishop of Strasbourg in 1939, after our consent had been obtained France removed from Alsace to Haut efort and Borde Illes Dor Dogne religious objects d Art from our diocese in order to put them in safety in Case of bombardments. These objects none will contest were the property of the Catholic Church. The administration came under the care of the Bishop and with his approval and under his control under that of the parochial Church councils. Such were the die tates of the religious and civil legis lation in usage. The juridical status of these objects remains the same. The prescriptions of the Church have not been changed those for France being still applicable in a province which has not been seceded by any bilateral pact. It is True that it has been invaded by Germany since the Middle of june 1940. But the armistice signed Between belligerents did not stimulate any clauses concern ing this property. What must International Law think of this the answer is Given in the Hague convention which limits rear motions in kind to the needs of the army of occupation and insures immunity for All places of worship and forbids All seizure to their Detri ment. The Power now established in Strasbourg seems to recognise that we have a certain authority Over the objects deposited in Haut efort and Bourde Illes. Its Delegate ministerial counsellor Kraft has on divers occasions come Here in Dordogne to us to whom All residence is forbid Den in our diocese by his government. With an extreme insistence which was noticed by witnesses of his de marches he pressed us to agree to the return in Alsace of these religious objects d Art. He would not have attempted to wrench from us such a decision if he had not deemed it necessary in order to make this Transfer Legal if he had succeeded in convincing himself that this property belongs to Germany or that Germany is its trustee in full Independence. Now our conscience has not Al Lowed us for grave reasons to Grant the requested authorisation. Our Petitioner discussed most of them with us at length and we explained them All to the representative of the holy see in the Bishop goes on to Deal with the future Iise of the objects the most precious of which were taken from Strasbourg Cathedral. It will not be possible the Bishop Points out to use these in that Cathedral the Catholic Church having been deprived of the use of this Sanctuary contrary to International Law and in spite of representation in the highest quarters. Five times already As often As our consent7 was requested we have been unable to Grant it. To Day May 21, 1944,having Learnt that. Ministerial counsellor Kraft has come to remove from Haut efort and Bour Reilles the property of the Catholic Church in Strasbourg and after hav ing considered consulted and prayed we have once More refused this con sent which Flone can legitimise this operation. In spite of this the envoy of Germany is now at work accompanied by policemen soldiers and pick locks. If being a Man of peace the do not resist a violence with violence nevertheless we. Oppose him with All the Powers of our soul with All Bur disapproval. Belonging As we do to the civilised world we protest against this disdain for International conventions shown by the agents of a state which signed it. It behoves All reasonable people who May hear of this abusive use of Force contrary to All legality continued of Page two Power politics peace Aims the Republic of Christendom Christopher Dawson s review Are the concluding passages of an article by Christo Pher Dawson which is. Printed in the Dublin the present time the greatest danger that confronts us is the disintegration of Public opinion which is due. On the okie hand to the centrifugal influence of multiple special isms and on the other to the weaken ing and disappearance of the old unifying centres of higher culture both secular and religious. This pro Cess of disintegration is deliberately encouraged and exploited by the totalitarian propaganda. The history of the last ten years in Germany in France and throughout. Occupied Europe has shown us How destructive and deadly this disintegration of opinion can be As a method of Politi Cal warfare. But it is much More than that and if we Only attempt to Deal with it on the political plane in terms of the War situation we Are bound to fail. The underlying prob Lem remains even when fascism is Defeated and it already existed before fascism had appeared. It is the non elem of the disintegration of the old Liberal humanist culture under the pressure of mechanisation and mass conditions and the failure of demo Cracy to produce a new solution. If we look for salvation to the common Man in the sense of the lowest com Mon denominator in a mass society our Standard of culture inevitably sinks in proportion to the Extension of the scale of the world society. If on the other hand we look to the specialist then everything depends on an unknown Quantity the Arch specialist who specialises in the co ordination of specialisms and the conditioning of specialists neither of these alternatives is tolerable for they seem to present us with the Choice Between an order which is sub human and one that is inhuman. No social or International order can be regarded As satisfactory which does not find room for the principle of. Spiritual Freedom not the Raissez Faire principle of unregulated individualism but a positive principle of Freedom for the individual to develop his personality in society and of Freedom for the Community to develop its own culture i.e., its own specific form of the e Good life. Without this Freedom a planned society is nothing but a Gigantic Pri. Son even though it May be a hygienic and scientifically organised one. And in fact to Day we All see that the whole of Europe has become a great prison House. We Are in principle fully agreed on the. Liberation of Europe Jas the first and most fundamental condition of peace. But in order to free Europe it is not sufficient to change the Gaoler and that is All that would be accomplished by a peace based on Power politics alone. Power must be the servant and not the master. Civilisation is essentially the process by which Power is progressively subdued subordinated and directed to humane and spiritual ends and the traditional opposition Between civilisation and barbarism is the opposition Between Power controlled in this Way and the Power of violence directed by Primi Tive impulse. Now he new Means of Power which have been released by Ino Dern science in the modern world have certainly meant an and Vance of civilisation in so far As they represent the subordination of nature to human purpose but they have also meant an Advance of barbarism inasmuch As they have Given the lower elements in the modern world an Opportunity to re Asbert themselves by organised violence and aggression. The same thing occurred at a very Early period in human history when the new techniques which had been evolved by the archaic civilisation of Egypt and Mesopotamia were appreciated by the Barbaric Warrior Peoples of the Steppes and used for the con quest and destruction of the centres of higher culture. But the second barbarism is More formidable than the first owing to the almost in continued on Page two vast work of Vatican Relief Bureau 4,455,831 messages Rome july 19.the office of information of the papal secretariat of state a review of the records Here shows handled 4,455,831 messages dealing with prisoners of War from september 1939, to april 1944. Jyure to America s Entrance into the War More than two years after it broke out and to the fact that communication with Japan was slow for Many months during the Early part of the War messages for the United states make up a relatively Small portion of the total. Nevertheless the files show that some 22,000 replies to requests for information concerning american loved ones held prisoners of War have already been dispatched to families in the United states through the Vatican office. This great work is one of the War charities receiving support from the Bishops War emergency and Relief committee of the United states which raises its funds by an annual Appeal to the Catholic people of the country. Records relating to americans re ported missing Iri the far East com prise a special Section of the information office. There Are no figures available Here As to the number of americans held prisoners by the Ger mans As this service is handled exclusively by the German red Cross this phenomenal service of the Vatican office of information is made possible by the Neutral status of Vatican state and by the Assumption of additional heavy burdens by Apos Tolic delegations throughout the world. It entails the use of radio cables Telegraph and the mails. Communications concerning War prisoners Are carried on by radio with 27 countries and by one or More Means with virtually every nation of the world. Extensive use of the Vatican radio station has been made in this connection with England Australia Egypt China and Japan but unfortunately this Type of communication with the United states has not been possible. While radio communication with Japan is satisfactory during the win Ter months the reverse is True Dur ing the summer and messages relat ing to prisoners of War in Japan Are then broadcast by the Vatican to the apostolic delegation in pelting and Are relayed to Tokyo. Answers have been received in four Days through this method. Besides actual requests for news and responses other messages both from prisoners of War and from families arrive periodically by the thou Sands at the Vatican information office and these Are forwarded to their destination with the greatest solicitude. Messages which seem of a More urgent nature because they perhaps contain family news of importance Are broadcast or sent by Telegraph to the appropriate Apos Tolic delegation whence they Are delivered to the addressee. Those Mes sages not falling in this category continued on Page two when to make a will the prudent Man makes his will while he is in his prime while he has a reasonable expectancy of Many More years of life. It May be 10, 20, 30 years or More before his will requires administration. Will the executor he has named be dive and competent to discharge his duties when the Timp comes he can be assured off an effective executor if he names elder s trustee and executor company. The company can lose nothing of its competence knowledge and facilities through the years. The passage of time Only adds to its expert Fence and prestige. In All reasonable circumstances it will be As ready to serve the interests of clients 50 years hence As it is to Day and there could be no surer More permanent or More dependable custodian for trusts and estates. Full information for testator is contained in the free Booklet wills and executors available on application to elder s trustee and executor company limited. Elder House 37-39 Cunie Street Adelaide. 5e2 a

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