Page 4 of 21 Jul 1944 Issue of Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - July 21, 1944, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia radio replies n station 2sm, Sydney broadcast on sunday last by the Rev. Or. L. Rumble m.s.c., in answer to questions submitted to or. Rumble s session from station 2sm. Catholics v. Contraception chaplain . To a recent digest i read a condensed article taken from Mer Cury entitled catholics and birth control by j. H. J. Upham . Or. Upham is president of the planned parenthood federation of that is the Nice refined title of a society for the propagation of contraception in theory and prac Tice and to promote the distribution of contraceptive devices and drugs until they Are As easily obtainable As aspirins or pocket handkerchiefs. The society has met with Little opposition save from Catholic circles and in its publications it has not hesitated to launch prejudiced attacks against the Catholic Church As Well As the most flagrant misrepresentations of Catho Lic teaching. The rhythm system the article states that since 1932 the Catholic Church has endorsed the rhythm the Catholic Church has not endorsed the rhythm system in the sweeping sense of the word intended by the birth control propagandists. She declares it to be grave sin to pre vent the Conception of a child by using any positive Means to frustrate the consequences of the marital act. At the same time the Catholic Church acknowledges the medical discovery that nature itself has arranged a rhythm of alternating fruitful and unfruitful periods when Conception is Likely or less Likely to occur. And she declares that it is not sinful in it self for married people to restrict Normal and natural relations to the unfruitful period practising self denial and abstaining from such re lations during the fruitful period. She does not advocate this use of the rhythm theory and far from endors ing it in any wholesale fashion de clares that the continued restriction of relations to the unfruitful period by married people with the deliberate intention of avoiding children is sin Ful unless there is a sufficiently grave cause. Planned parenthood the article further states that the Catholic Hierarchy has in effect accepted the principle of planned advocates of contraception Delight in misquoting Catholic authorities to Back up their arguments that birth control is necessary and moral. Then with an easy assertion that it comes to the same thing in the end they propagate the knowledge and use of contraceptives. But the Catholic Church absolutely condemns the use of contraceptives. Moreover she condemns the very principle of the planned parenthood federation that husband and wife Are quite free morally to restrict the number of their children without any grave reason for doing so but merely because they shirk Ordinary inconvenience or will have to for go luxuries or diminish their amusements. If there be no other motive beyond such selfish considerations then even the continued restriction of relations to the unfruitful period however Normal and natural those relations May be is sin Ful. For then the intention is evil and opposed to the primary end of marriage. It subordinates spiritual and Noral Facto Riho sensual gratification suppresses the sense of duty in favor of an isolated sense of pleasure and desecrated marriage As god in tended it to be. No one can say that such teaching is an acceptance of the principle of planned parenthood As. Birth control advocates understand that word making the whim and Caprice of married people the Only Rule As to their behaviour. To put the Catholic position briefly there is l no lawful Way of avoiding or spacing children except by abstaining from marital relations shy Mutual consent either completely or at least during the fruitful period. And even this is net la wild without sufficiently grave ions Fps is quite opposed to the natural birth control Cooee enquirer have Long been anxious to ask you for some information on a subject you mentioned on june 4, but could not bring myself to do so. The subject was birth control and my replies to the two preceding let ters have about covered your prob lems. However the Days of modesty and reticence Are gone and i find that a Book on the rhythm theory is Dis cussed openly by All and sundry. It is evident also that you have heard the most unwarrantable conclusions arrived at concerning it. One Young women told me the Book she had was written by a priest but when i queried that she said that she was not top sure. The particular Book you mentioned was written not by a priest but by a Catholic doctor. However there is another Book on the subject written by a priest. Is it lawful i was told that natural birth control by application of the rhythm system theory is allowed by the Catholic Church. That cannot be said without qualification. Whilst application of the rhythm theory takes advantage of naturally unfruitful periods without any positive action on the part of the married couple to prevent Conception it is not lawful without a proportionately grave reason. If serious danger to health or sheer poverty make the spacing of children Neces sary it is lawful to restrict marital relations to the naturally unfruitful periods rather than be compelled to total abstention ism from such relations. But Only in the most extraordinary circumstances would a continued exclusive use of the unfruitful period be lawful. Very grave difficulties alone could justify that and very few people indeed could have sufficient reason for it. An Jua Cui Tel Jun ujnl1 with due respects to everyone i think it is wrong to say that this Natu ral birth control is lawful. If there be no sufficiently grave reason to justify it then you Are right. For a moral act not Only must the Means be lawful but the end in tended must be lawful. Now the Pri Mary purpose of marriage is the pro creation of children. The satisfaction of Mutual love and physical inclinations is a secondary end appointed by god to induce people to marry and fulfil the primary purpose. Natural order demands that the secondary purposes of marriage be subordinated to the primary purpose. And it is a sinful perversion of marriage to enjoy the secondary ends for their own Sake whilst deliberately avoiding the fulfilment of the primary end merely in order not to have children. To intend childlessness just in order to be childless with none but selfish reasons for it is to intend an unnatural thing and to offend god. If however one does not directly intend to frustrate the primary end of marriage out of contempt for god s natural Law but intends the welfare of the children whom he already has and for whom already he can barely provide or if he intends to safeguard the seriously threatened health of his wife then he has a lawful end and May use the lawful Means of Natu rally unfruitful periodic relations for that lawful end. Serious considerations if the rhythm theory were applied by everyone As a continued practice and All were successful there would be no population at All. That is True. But that supposes that the application of the theory is lawful without any justifying reasons other than the sheer whim and Caprice of married people. It is not. To marry with no intention of having children merely in order not to have them and for purely selfish reasons proceeds from a degraded Ideal of marriage reduces conjugal love to selfish passion is opposed to nature As such since god could never have intended such an evasion of Normal obligations deprives husband and wife of a most important and even necessary condition of a Happy and virtuous marriage exposes. Them to the Many moral evils of a selfish and pleasure seeking existence if not to infidelity and divorce and con tributes to a race suicide Whitfi is most injurious to the common Good. All those possible evil effects show that to intend a childless marriage no matter what the Means adopted could not be a lawful intention for its own Sake. Other and serious reasons Are needed in each be fore it could be lawful to make use even of the rhythm theory despite its Freedom from the immoral nature of positive contraceptive measures. The Agan Outlook girls being married nowadays will Tell you without a Blush that they Are Benti fiting in business and if Yop eng Gest until year my havin a family until after the the vast majority of cases such girls have not a Christian out Okon marriage and Are badly infected by the Ever More widely diffused Pagan ism of the modern world. The new paganism thinks of marriage in terms of romantic love. The thrill of sex experience is presented As the be All and end All of Matrimony and child Ren Are looked upon As something merely incidental a kind of optional by product. But the Christian sees marriage As concerned far More with children than with Mere pleasure. It is the god appointed Means not Only of handing on life to other human beings in this world but of giving souls to Christ to redeem and increasing the population of heaven. But the girls you mention Are not familiar with such ideas. All i can say of them is that in the vast majority of cases it would be better for them to postpone marriage until they Are will ing to accept the children god would normally Send. Even if they intend to make use Only of the rhythm theory most of them have an insufficiently grave reason for doing so and their dispositions Are sinful. What should be exceptional they make the Normal Rule. They develop the evil habit of pleasure without obligations. Selfish Ness is exalted at the expense of duty. And since the dominant thought is to avoid children at any Cost the temp Tatish is always there to have re course to positive contraceptive Means both because the desire of pleasure finds the abstinence demanded by the rhythm theory too irksome and be cause of the fear of miscalculation in applying that theory. Girls who adopt the attitude you mention Are not choosing the path that deserves god s Blessing upon their marriage nor the path that leads to their own future happiness. Their attitude is flippant unchristian and More often than not. Sinful. Jewish divorce Law. Presbyterian enquirer Rockdale. I would like your interpretation of the following quotations from the old testament. They Are really dear As they stand and scarcely need interpretation. The Only thing that must be noticed is that they Deal with regulations applicable to the jewish people before the coming of Christ but then abrogated. In Deuteronomy xxiv 1-4, we read when a Man hath taken a wife and married her and it comes to pass that she find no favor in his eyes because he Tath found some uncleanness in her then let him write her a Bill of Divo Cement and give it in her hand and Send her out of his House. And when she is departed out of his House she. May go and be another Man s wife. And if the latter husband hate her and write her a Bill of Divo Cement and Givetz it in her hand and Send eth her out of his House or if the latter husband die which took her to be his wife her former husband which sent her away May not take her again to be his wife after that she is defiled for that is abomination before the lord and thou Shalt not cause the land to sin which the lord thy god liveth thee for an inherit in those words Moses the lawgiver for the jews with god s authority made a Concession to the jews by per mitting divorce. Briefly the Law came to this if a jew had made an unsatisfactory marriage he could divorce his wife. But if she married a second time and the second Hus band divorced her the first husband could not take her Back As his wife once More. This permission was valid Only until the coming of Christ. He cancelled it. Thus in st. Mark s gospel x., 2-12, we read the pharisees came to him and asked him is it lawful for a Man away his wife tempting him. And he answered and said unto them what did Moses command you ? and they said Moses suffered to write a Bill of Divo Cement and to put her away. And Jesus answered and said unto them for the hardness of your heart he wrote you this Precept. But from the beginning of the creation god made them male and female. For this cause shall a Man leave his father and Mother and Cleave to his wife and they Twain shall be in one flesh. What therefore god hath joined to Gether let Notman put asunder. And in the House his disciples asked him again

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