Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia 21 Jul 1944
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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - July 21, 1944, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia Thomas e. Dewey nominee for president of . Gont hued from Page one a difficult time finding a Point of at tack and his friends declared it made him the logical candidate for the re publican presidential nomination. His earlier role As a relentless and vigorous prosecutor of crime had brought him Fame in the 1930 s. In that decade or. Dewey then a Young lawyer practising in new York was named As chief assistant to the United states District attorney Federal. Prosecutor for the Southern District of new York state. The United states District attorney prosecutes violations of Federal Laws while the state District attorney one for each county in each state enforces the state Laws. Or. Dewey found an underworld of crime vice and racketeers menacing the. Great City. His shrewd and vigorous attack on the problem marked him As the Champion the City was seeking. When the citizens of new York City later called to the st the to step in and clean up the City or. Lehman now director general of the United nations Relief and re habilitation administration Urr selected or. Dewey for the Job. The resulting revelation of vice and corrupt practices became front Page news throughout America. Under world characters with picturesque names were haled into court and their unsavoury stories were revealed. The Parade of malefactors to prison had begun. Presently Dewey was no longer the governor s appointee but was the elected state District attorney and be came the Nemesis of wrongdoers in the nation s biggest City. One of the enemies of society he sent to prison was Fritz Kuhn fuehrer of the nazi bund in America. Dewey convicted Kuhn of stealing Money turned in by members of the organisation. Later the bund was proven subversive and was smashed. Dewey was born in the Little town of Owosso in the Middle Western state of Michigan in 1902, in a Flat Oyer the general store conducted by his mater Nal Grandfather Alfred Thomas. His parents resided in Lansing mich., and then moved to Owosso where his father became the editor of a weekly newspaper the Owosso times and chairman of the Republican commit tee in the county. His Grandfather George Martin Dewey was one of the founders of the Republican party. Admiral George Dewey the hero of Manila Bay in the Spanish american War of 1898, was a third Cousin. Important to his supporters is that or. Dewey comes from a Good typical american family in which honesty sobriety frugality Are Cardinal Vir tues. In the Albany new York executive mansion god s Blessing is invoked for each meal As it was in the Dewey Home in Owosso. When ten years old he sold Maga Zine subscriptions. He earned Money setting Type in his father s print shop did farm work on neighbouring farms. At 17, he had earned enough Money for a year at the University of Michigan. He was an Able student editor of the Campus daily newspaper a debater and a member of the sing ing club. After his graduation in 1923, he went to new York. By then he had determined that Law was his Choice As a profession. He entered Columbia University Law school in new York City. He continued his voice study and in music school he met miss Frances Hutt a Young Singer from the state of Texas. They were married in 1928. He completed his Law course in 1925 and then worked for a new York City Law firm. By 1931, he was known As an Able and versatile pleader at the new York bar and was summoned to be chief Assis Tant to the Federal prosecutor of the new York area. One writer said Dewey is by nature As Quick inquisitive and forceful a Man As Ever lived. Everything interests him most of All government problems. He attacks with a rapid fire series of questions. Feathers Fly until the problem emerges in All its his private life is beyond reproach. His favorite diver Sions Are attending the opera or sing. Ing duets with his wife on sunday afternoons. Prior to the japanese attack in Pearl Harbor or. Dewey was inclined to believe that America s policy should be one of the strictest neutrality Al though in 19.40 he urged immediate strengthening of the United states Navy so As to make it Able to defend both the Atlantic and Pacific coasts. In 1942 he said certainly i have changed my views on foreign policy everyone he also said a War in which America s Young men Are fighting and doing is not a political Issue. There is something else that is not an Issue our full support of the commander in chief the president of the United or Dewey endorsed the full Bright Resolution asking full United states participation in world affairs after the War and has made it Clear he believes America must abandon any thought of isolation and play a big part in the Post War world. The 1942 Republican platform in new York state which had or. Dewey s authorisation called for american participation with other nations to secure the peace of the world by Force if Over recent years or. Dewey has made a number of published declarations on matters of National or inter National policy. He has opposed Many of the Roosevelt administration s Domestic measures and in 1940 wrote and published a Book the Case against the new however he has said that the securities and Exchange commission and the pair labor standards act Are Here to or. Dewey favors a More vigorous enforcement of the anti Trust Laws and has declared the United states can have no healthy Trade under Mono poly his supporters Point out that this is a note reminiscent of Theodore Roosevelt president from 1901 to 1909, and famed As a Trust Buster who attacked and broke up monopolies interfering with individual Enterprise. In successful government people Are free to think do and create to their maximum capacity or. Dewey has said and in that i definitely in clude private full account of the Orlemanski Case. Continued from Page one talk with Stalin took place at Moscow on May 5. On May 6 he broadcast in polish to the people of Poland from Moscow. He said that future Friend ship with Germany on the part of. Poland could not even be thought of and urged the poles to stretch out their hands to Russia so they can live together in Friendship and Good will.", j we Are slavs he said and Allied j Poland and Russia will be the largest j Force in the East this Union will i bring great Good both to Poland and to Russia and will secure peace for i ourselves for hundreds of years. Long live the United states of America Long live the .s.r. Long live a free Strong Independent and democratic Poland he discussed also his visit to Zagorsky where Many polish children i refugees in the soviet Union attend school and study among other subjects the polish language and Poland s history. Allow me As a Neutral observer and As a practical american to in form you that under present conditions things cannot be better he added. We poles should be thankful to the soviet government for their Good Atti tude and should Strain every Effort to retain these institutions. I was told that such institutions exist All Over the new York times Moscow representative stated that it was known that for. Orlemanski discussed the Stalin conferences and their results with the Rev. Leopold Braun Apos Tolic administrator in the soviet Union who has been a priest in mos cow for More than ten years. For. Braun took no part in the meetings with Premier Stalin and or. Zolotoff but was said to be deeply interested and encouraged by the results. On the same Day May the Amie of his departure from Moscow for. Orlemanski issued the following state ment i Salute and congratulate the soviet Union republics on their achievements in our common War Effort. Indeed they Are wonderful people. I support and agree with state ments made by my fellow americans concerning the soviet Union republics. Unquestionably marshal Stalin is a Friend of the polish people. I will also make this Jii Storic statement that future events will prove that he is very Friendly disposed toward the Catholic Church. As for religion the religion of our forefathers shall be the religion of the polish people and marshal Stalin will not tolerate any transgression in this regard. A again i was in conference two hours with marshal Stalin and or. Zolotoff. The results were beyond my expectations. Marshal Stalin and or. Zolotoff Are two great men. I fully appreciate. And i am very thankful to both of these gentlemen for the demo cratic reception i received during my stay in Moscow was said to be greatly interested in the meaning of the pre diction that future events would prove Premier Stalin Friendly disposed to wards the Catholic it was significant however that the � full text of his statement appeared on the following Day but reference to this was completely removed. The russian press censors were not prepared to allow russian readers to read that Stalin was supposed to be Friendly disposed towards the Church on May 13 for. Orlemanski returned to Springfield. He was greeted at the Union railway station by 100 parishioners. Within four hours it was announced in a three line hand out issued to the newspapers on behalf of the most Rev. T. M. O Leary Bishop of Springfield that for. Orle Manski had been suspended from his priestly duties and that canonical penalties required by the Case have been it would appear that for. Orleman ski did not anticipate the attitude that he encountered on his return. He summed up his View of the trip in the following terms i have definite plans concerning both the poles and the Church. I have a document from Stalin. Stalin gave me a Promise that he will do All in his Power to co operate with the Church so there will be no persecutions. That s Why it was no secret. I was going to give it to the Church authorities. Stalin knew i was going to give it to the apostolic Delegate. I went to take up the question of the Church in Poland the Ukraine and White Russia. Stalin said no he wanted it to be Universal. So it was general against persecution of the Church for. Orlemanski emphasised the Pri vate nature of his trip pointing out that it was taken upon his own Initia Tive without consulting either his Church superiors or any government officials. But he Felt that the results obtained were of such magnitude he should report All details of his trip particularly his conversations with marshal Stalin to the Heads of the United states government. J in View of the criticism of him he thought that it would be unwise to undertake a trip to Washington on his own and gave the reporters the impression that he would prefer to be invited Down to Washington to Dis j cuss personally with president Roose velt or Secretary Hull the nature of the messages which he carried Back from marshal Stalin. For. Orlemanski is alleged to have j disclosed the fact that he had appealed to his excellency archbishop Cicognani apostolic Delegate at washing ton and had sent the following letter to Bishop o Leary i you Are hereby notified that i am j no longer under your jurisdiction but the jurisdiction of the apostolic Dele Gate in Washington archbishop Cicognani when approached by the press at Washington limited his comments t o the remark that like every other diocesan priest for. Orlemanski is directly subject to his on May 15, it was announced publicly that bowing to the disciplinary orders of the most Rev. Thomas m. O Leary Bishop of Springfield for. Orlemanski had decided to leave his Parish and retire to a monastery for an indefinite period. On May 16 for Orlemanski expressed regret for the incident and apologised and the Springfield Chan Cery office announced that his suspension had been lifted. I regret my seeming disregard Fer the legislation and directives of my Church and i hasten to apologise for the Lack of respect for ecclesiastical authority which could be inferred from my action for. Orlemanski s signed statement said. It is now my fixed purpose and pro Mise to cease and separate myself from All activities which Are not in accordance with the rules and mind of the Catholic Church. I wish also at this time to make known that the Springfield chancery office notified me that my message to the apostolic Delegate a ditch merely. Contained two questions and answers already printed in the press of the country and was received at the delegation and that the Mes Sage will be Given due consideration and referred by the apostolic Dele Gate to the proper Church author the consensus of worthwhile opinion in America is that the manoeuvre of the soviet government to win approval in the United states of its polish policy backfired. In Stead of promoting a More favourable attitude especially am Fig citizens of polish extraction it has directed at Tention to the apparent efforts of the russian government to pave the Way for setting up a polish regime in conformity with its plans for establishing a Western political front and incidentally stressed the importance of Poland As the Pivot in the Buffer states Between Central Europe and Russia proper. It is held generally that the two visitors to Russia were pawns willing pawns in a much larger Enterprise the enlisting of popular sup port in the United states for Russia s plans for an Independent thus for the time being at least the Orlemanski Case rests. What of his secret document Bear ing the signature of Stalin ? could it really he a plan of real significance by which the russian government would improve conditions affecting the practice of re Ligion advice is that his reports &c., Are receiving consideration in the Correct manner by the Church authorities. Any Good in them will not be Over looked. Indications Are that Little of importance will emerge from the event. Still time May have something to Tell. In the meantime the incident will slip into oblivion. . Press Challenge to Finland s critics continued from Page one Europe where the want of a definite English and american policy is Caus ing neutrals and the nazi dominated nations to distrust the Western allies whose policy of soviet appeasement tends to strengthen a belief that the Post War world will be ruled by might not Justice. Finland s Case is regarded As second to Poland in the testing of Allied sincerity. The following extract from an article in the Tablet Brooklyn sets Forth the problem As seen by american eyes Finland prefers to fight rather than make peace because the democracies refuse to help her in getting a real Assurance of Independence. The finns prefer to go Down fighting rather than to sign a peace with a Russia they do not Trust. Could not Allied in fluence be used Here to restrain the soviets and induce them to accept an american guarantee that Finland be treated properly and assured of her Independence instead of this War material from America and Britain is being used to squeeze Small Finland isolate her and make her accept any peace conditions Russia May offer. Power is applied Here not for the Protection of the weak but for their sup pression. This is not democracy. Moreover it helps to keep Finland in the War and diminishes the prestige of the allies everywhere. The policy of expediency and weak Ness on which the democracies have embarked so decisively since Moscow Cairo and Teheran has started paying its negative dividend. What until now could be hidden from the Public Eye and kept under the smoke screen of official phraseology has come up of itself to the surface. There Are Many symptoms of the headache Stalin is causing the democracies. The russian unilateral move with regard to general Sadoglio s italian government the failure to have Fin land withdraw from the War the stif Fening resistance of the neutrals to the insistent courtship of the democracies the obvious Lack of under standing and co ordination among the big three All these Are symptoms of the abandonment by democratic leadership of principles to which they have themselves subscribed. You can not follow a policy of political surren Der and Hope that your partners will not take advantage of it. The Bur Den of mistakes accumulates and As a Boomerang comes Back in your face at a time when it is least wanted. The chief Winner in such a game is the enemy. In spite of All general official state ments it seems that Only Germany and Russia have a definite policy. The democracies Supply arms and equip ment to the soviet Union and still maintain an attitude of unconditional surrender to or. Stalin s desires. He has already most of Eastern Europe politically in the bag with the passive acquiescence of the democracies. Rus Sia continues to Surprise everybody simply by taking full advantage of the incredible moral weakness and the Lack of policy of the democracies. This is consistent and logical. American Public opinion lately gave a series of Sharp expressions of its discontent and apprehension in the face of this situation. Arthur Krock in the new York times wrote because of the fog that masks our policy and has produced diplomatic inaction. Soviet Russia will Domi Nate the Post War Structure. That domination exists superficially Al miss Jessie Sumner representative from Illinois in a speech in the House attacked very sharply the abandoning of Poland Yugoslavia and Turkey by the democracies and said if we really want to remedy our mistakes and secure a durable settlement of Europe s troubles the time to get it is now not later. Later May be too late. To Day we Are in a bargaining position. We can do what president Wilson did when he offered the four teen Points that brought world War i to a conclusion. This time it does not require fourteen paragraphs to express them. You can express them in a single word Justice. They have already been expressed in this single sentence of the Atlantic charter Sovereign rights territories and self government shall be restored to those who have been forcibly deprived of them "
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