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Adelaide Southern Cross Newspaper Archives Jul 16 1943, Page 3

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - July 16, 1943, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia the Cal imry Jalle 11ix Many Oxford is synonymous with scholarship and scholarship with dryness therefore the sub title of this Book a collection of Oxford conferences is Apt to repel the general Reader. The disinclination of the average Christian to read what is dry even though it be useful or necessary is based on sound sense. The human mind has its limitations. The individual May be anxious to acquire know ledge but if what he desires to know w9-n the stent in. The Quad in soft garments by it. Rev. Mon Signor Ronald Knox. Is not presented to him clearly and within limits in an entertaining Man Ner he Abandons the attempt. His working Day May be taken up by any thing from figures to Coal heaving. He is willing to tackle quite profound questions in his spare time but. If the manner of their presentation be heavy and Dull the intellect refuses to Cor respond with the will and simply can not assimilate the matter. Clarity of explanation depends to a great extent on the adaptability of the manner of its expression to the manner of thought usual to the Reader. For example a military chaplain is confronted with the problem of explaining to a Soldier How the state ment in the catechism that god knows our most secret thoughts and actions is necessarily True. The Soldier no matter what his degree of education May be cannot help thinking of god in human concepts. He knows that no Man can know what another is thinking about and he cannot under stand How god can either. Now if the chaplain has used the most fundamental proof of the existence of god that of motion he can recall to the Soldier that motion Means essentially transition from potentiality to actuality and is not limited to local motion but includes it and Aill other kinds of motion such As the transition from one state of mind to another. The movement of a. Body of troops from one City to another will bring to the Soldier s mind the thousands of subsidiary movements entailed in All the organisation that the main move ment demands All of which movements Are connected with one another so that there is a necessary connection with the movement of a private dumping his sausage bag on a station platform in Brisbane let us say with the movement entailed in a general s making up his mind in Perth. The illustration does not demonstrate fully the continued influence of the primary mover in All natural actions but it enables the Soldier to raise his ideas to a philosophical level. The main Factor of the Success of the Book under review is that the author s explanations of the various subjects discussed not Only Are accommodated to the mentality of the under graduates to whom they were addressed but Uliey Are easily understood by the general Reader. The sub title is therefore Apt to be misleading. Wie author treats of such matters As the existence of god infallibility and other subjects of fundamental importance. He goes no farther than to clarify doctrines by drawing those distinctions with which catholics of average education Are familiar. However his application of these distinctions to every Day matters and their alignment in the order of their relative importance make his Dis courses particularly interesting. In his first discourse for instance he treats of the fifth proof for the existence of god. Not realising the inter connection of the five Scholastic proofs of god s existence writers often fail to understand their nature and consequently fail to Realise their real cogency. Monsignor Knox is not one of those writers As he shows by his examination of the fifth proof and his placing it in its proper perspective. It is an argument taken from the existence of order in the natural world and he shows the inevitable inference to be that there is an eternal mind which designed this order. This is not he says the popular argument from design. Of the latter he writes that Nursery argument gets More difficult when you Are outside the Nursery. It involves the Assumption that you know what is Best and believe in god because you find him doing monsignor Knox makes a shrewd thrust at the Semi educated in All walks of life who Are satisfied with scraps of pseudo scientific information As a substitute for science. We know " he writes that the last word has t been said yet about the doctrine of natural selection. It does t explain All that it set out to explain the scientists have quite Given up it can. But the Man and with him the Man in the Quad have come to take this rather dated Point of View so much for granted that it is no longer any use talking to them about what impressed St. Thomas he says was not the fact that everything conspires together for a Beneficent Pur pose what impressed him was the fact that1 things conspire together at All. We Are not concerned to prove1 that the world was ordained by a Loving mind All we Are out to prove is that for better or worse it was ordained by a mind and there is no other explanation of he says that order then in nature is some thing which our minds can appreciate but our minds did t put it there our minds find it there. And what put it there except another mind a Cross word which a mind can solve took a mind to make it up. Order is the cipher by which mind Speaks to mind in the midst of chaos that s what we mean by the fifth discourse on mind and matter is in the vein which one expects from a master of the English Lan Guage like monsignor Knox. He takes the words mind and matter both As verbs and As substantive but the result is not merely one of those in genious exhibitions of word spinning common to up lift talks of the pre sent Day. It is a logical process Lead ing from metaphysical principles to ultimate reality. The thing matters in itself. But when you come to think of it can a thing matter in itself that is where you come up against a fresh argument for the existence of god the argument from conscience. I Call it a fresh argument because it is not explicitly stated among the five Scholastic proofs though of course you can say if you like that it is Only a particular development of the argument from degrees of Skuk a Good example of monsignor Knox s style of argument is the discourse entitled if god exists his Point is that " Rod not Man must be the measure of the universe must be the Standard by which we Are to judge All our he uses examples familiar to most of his Audi ence in order to establish the necessity of a fixed Standard. For instance i seem to remember that when they taught me science they made me learn by heart a Long formula which said a gramme is the weight of a cubic centimetre of pure water kept at a temperature of something or other centigrade at the latitude of Paris at the level of the sea in Valuo " no body will quarrel with the value of scientific definitions least of All Mon Signor Knox but this sort of treat ment must impress on students who Are taught All the week to regard them As the most important things in the world that the importance of facts of empirical science is subordinate to things much higher. In these talks monsignor Knox does not seem to have missed Many Momen Tous issues. He rarely leaves a Point raised in one talk undeveloped. Some where or other in the course of the Book we find such casually introduced Points raised again and treated adequately. For example he is not con tent with his thrust at the intellectual snobbery which manifests itself in adherence to scientific left overs but in another talk he summarises the latest conclusions in anthropology reached by or. Schmidt a priest lately professor of ethnology at Vienna University. He mentions incidentally that the local Catholic priest of Torquay for. Macenery who in 1825 first scientifically examined Kent s Cavern for All practical purposes initiated the science of palaeontology. Macenery s theories conflicting with those in fashion at j the time which were based on the protestant archbishop Ussher s Chron ology were howled Down but the movement continued in scientific Cir cles and not completely out of hand. Andrew Lang protested against the conclusions but he was laughed at. Now in our Days or. Schmidt proves that All the things we think of As very queer and primitive totems and cannibalism and Earth goddesses and magic and solar myths and the vege tation spirit and human sacrifice and All the things that anthropologists have been making such play with this Century Are not really primitive at All. They Are later innovations. Among the really primitive Peoples All the Odd fantastic elements of Savage religion either Don t occur at All or Only occur Here and there in a half hearted Way. Meanwhile All these Early Peoples believe in one god. I May add that among these primitives monogamy is very definitely the a Jjo Signor Knox does not confine his attention to scientific questions but he has much to say about the problems of human conduct. For instance if a Catholic commits a crime his trial and punishment is not Only an affair Between himself and the Law but brings opprobrium on the whole Catholic body. There1 Are two questions involved Here viz., a the reason for the illogical attitude of. Non catholics in inculcating the general body in the crime of one and b the reason for the Catholic s lapse. To explain the former question mgr. Knox gives Many cogent reasons which space precludes our citing. To explain the latter the reasons he adduces Are even More cogent and prove amply the truth of the aphorism that the corruption of the Best is the worst. He admits too much however when he writes it s extraordinary How often you will come across Catholic names when you Are Reading in the newspapers the records of a Catholic English name is no sure indication of any recent Catholic tradition in the family. French names Are no indication either for they May have a Huguenot origin. Spanish names in England Are often borne by jews. An italian name does not necessarily indicate a Catholic upbringing. At the beginning of the nineteenth Century there were Many italians who like the father of the rosettes adopted with English liberalism the doctrines of the Church of England. There were others who abandoned their Catholic Faith owing to the instigation of National heroes like Garibaldi who could refer to the priests friars jesuits who contaminate these Ligurian shores and who proposed to devote 200,000,000 lire to educate italian peasants so that they would gradually be weaned from the priests and learn to love their As a result practising catholics in Italy were consistently victimised by local and regional authorities and even by the Central government itself until quite recently. The effect was the de Catholic sing of an immense number of italians. To assume that because the rope is usually an italian or that because an italian prelate is mentioned in the press or because an italian priest engaged in missionary work outside his own country comes under one s notice the bearer of an italian name knows or cares anything about the Faith is thus assuming too much. The bearer of an Irish name also As is Well known May be anything or nothing and not necessarily an apostate. Statistics is the Only source from which an estimate of the incidence of crime amongst catholics could be formed. Even statistics Are not necessarily exact because the Only time that Many Catholic criminals make a profession of Faith is when asked by the police to state their religion. However mgr. Knox s admission might very Well prove a motive of credibility to non Catholic readers for it shows that catholics Are not afraid to face the truth no matter How Dis agreeable it May be. Not Only the undergraduate but the general Reader will find this volume of the greatest interest All the More As it is leavened liberally with the author s typically English hum or an interesting phenomenon in itself. His hearers were engaged in Many branches of study but listening to mgr. Knox they must have realised that theology is the mistress of All sciences or that in the words of the psalmist the fear of god is the be ginning of pinnar06. During the month of june the ladies who. Were responsible for entertain ment s in Aid of the Church were Mes Dames Carter p. Mccarthy Adams and r. Hefferan. A euchre and Bridge party was held in the Institute on june 13. Successful players were miss 0. Scales and or. E. A. Staker euchre mrs. Conlon and or. W. Fisher. Supper was provided by the ladies. In the absence of Rev. For. Ruane p.p., or. P. Mccarthy distributed the prizes and thanked All for their patronage. On Friday 25th, the same ladies arranged a dance supper was served and a very enjoy Able evening was spent. Winners of competitions were or. A. Durant and mrs. Dunbar. At the conclusion of the children of Mary s office on sunday july 4, Rev. For. Ruane on behalf of the Chil Dren of Mary made a presentation to miss h. Karcher past president. His remarks were supported by miss Shir Ley Burgess president. Miss Karcher feelingly responded. It. Gambier news a former resident of the South East or. A. W. Pearson now. Clerk of the Berri District Council who has some valuable knowledge of the growing of soya bean can see great possibilities for it in the poorer classes of country Between Naracoorte and mount Gambier. A recommendation that 100 Beds were not sufficient for the proposed new Hospital for which the mount Gambier Hospital advisory committee was pressing was made by the District Council of mount Gambier. Because they regard the need As urgent the District Council of mount Gambier has formed a committee of four to work in co operation with the town Council to have abattoirs and municipal Sale Yards erected in mount Gambier. Mount Gambier has taken the Lead in town Aggregates for the miss red Cross Competition k its total being 591,000, compared with broken Hill s 488,759. Because of mount Gambier s big Effort the South East has gone to the front in divisional Aggregates its nearest opponents being the Hills and Yorke Peninsula. A representative gathering of friends attended a Farewell social held in Honor of or. And mrs. J. Dwyer in the Mil Lei school on saturday july 3. They have taken up land near the Dwyer Homestead at Glencoe West. The government subsidy of approximately 4d. Per la. For butter fat was included for the first time in the milk cheques paid by the factories in the District last week. A sgt. Gerald Eddy of the . Army spent six Days leave in mount Gambier. He has left to rejoin his unit. He is a native of Ohio and while at mount Gambier became engaged to Doreen May Byrne of Glencoe East. Sgt. John Beau Kennedy Only son of or. And mrs. J. Kennedy of the Park hotel has returned to his unit after spending eight Days leave in mount Gambier. . Tony Braithwaite left for Melbourne last week end to finish his leave with his parents or. And mrs. W. R. Braithwaite of Gray Street mount Gambier. Tony has just completed his firs course As a Pilot. His brother Bill is also studying As a Pilot somewhere in Western Australia. Mrs. H. M. Kennedy Hill View Glencoe is an inmate of the mount Gambier general Hospital. Goodwood Parish notes. Solemn exposition of the most blessed sacrament was held on Fri Day saturday and sunday. The mass on Friday and sunday morning a missa cantata was celebrated by Rev. For. E. Griffiths and on saturday morning by mgr. Hourigan on each morning the girls of the choir Sang the mass. A procession of the blessed sacrament took place after the 7 o clock mass on Friday morning. On sunday evening the holy name society recited the office during exposition of the blessed sacrament. The forty hours adoration was closed each evening at 8 o clock and finally on sunday evening with the procession at which members of the holy name Sang the Pange Lingua. The altar was decorated by members of the children of Mary and the altar society thanks Are extended to All who helped. Sgt. Pilot Frank Dougall Jim Walsh and Owen Clarke of the f., were seen Home on leave Over the week end. A general meeting of the members of the holy name society was held last sunday evening with a View to the election of the executive for the coming year. The members of the new executive were present at a meet ing on last wednesday evening. A meeting of the Catholic women s league will be held on sunday july 18, in the Library. Members of the Junior league had their meeting on tuesday evening in St. Thomas schoolroom. Buy and hold War saving certificates give Ybur Catholic friends Catholic gifts Call and inspect our Large assortment of Catholic articles my missals 2/-, 3/-, 5/-, 7/6, 8/6, 12/6, 15/ my Missal in White and Blue 12/6 prayer books All prices standing pictures sacred heart our lady pleading heart our lady and infant Little Flower 1/ and 2/ each framed pictures All subjects Small 3/- Large-6/ secure a copy of our new testament 3/6 and 7/6 imitation of Christ 10/6 tort & in. Pay. Ltd. 68 Gawker place Adelaide phone c4050 also at Sydney Melbourne Brisbane Perth

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