Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia
14 Jul 1944

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Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia
14 Jul 1944

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - July 14, 1944, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia notes on the Farly history of the Church in South Australia-1836 to 1859 by the Rev. For. R. A. Morrison diocesan archivist you Are god s building. Other foundation no Man can Lay but that which is Laid which is Christ Jesus i. Corr. Ill 9, 11. To these tentative papers we but glimpse the history of the first period of the Catholic Church in South Australia 1836 to 1859. South Australia practically within this whole period was somewhat like the stage in a mid summer night s dream and its actors like quince might have said with almost literal truth this Green plot shall be our stage this Hawthorn Brake our tiring for Little of South Australia had developed beyond the Mallee scrub giant Gums and Bracken. As we introduce the different characters we shall have to dwell somewhat upon the civic his tory and development of the state so that each individual will be seen in the setting of his time. We have gathered from Many sources a mass of information and yet we have not been Able to consult As we would wish All the Early registers in the Church archives nor indeed in the state archives. All the same we have been very Happy in the amount of real assistance we have received from Many of the clergy and the laity. Where practically All have helped we cannot Well mention particular per sons. But this we must say that though the South East is but touched upon casually in these papers we have received considerable help from per haps the oldest Catholic family in that District. Though for. Michael Ryan Bishop Murphy s sole priest com Panion in the beginning made missionary journeys to the South East for 13 years from 1844 to 187, when for. Woods went to Penola no attempt is made Here to describe those Tours. So important was this work this foundation laying of the Church in ., it cannot be summarised and dismissed. Its More adequate treatment is a task for whoever ultimately writes the his tory of the Catholic Church in South a Coralio for. Bede Jarret o.p., writes to write history Well such sympathy is needed with every phase of it that the writer May grow too kindly to his characters and not kindly enough to truth for in reality he must needs love Man yet love truth More. Who shall have sufficient Width of spirit to do this ? none else than Christ our lord could write adequately of Man and he wrote but once and that in the the pioneers we shall meet for a Hasty moment in this summary Bishop Murphy a n d incidentally archbishop polding our first priests and our first Catholic Layman William Gerard Phillips need fear neither the Law nor history they have been taken in no sin nor did they suffer temptation to take hold of them beyond such As was human but they were very human and therein lies their special interest and Charm. Our priest Pic neers including the chief pastor Bishop Murphy were men of red blood they knew what it was to fight to be virtuous and that every Day of their lives Jand those lives were truly priestly lives. Our Pioneer priests were worthy of their calling in talents temperament character. To come after them and try to walk in their footsteps confers Honor on the priests of South Australia today. May we of their household be found worthy of the Blessing of our fathers. Early South Australia 1830-1859 Ryphe Mission of the Church in the world is not primarily to Civilise but to save souls her purpose in its first intention is not to secure a new social order better Laws or a nobler material Elevation for Mankind. The Church s purpose is to seek first the kingdom of god and his Justice knowing in her Faith All these things shall be Ridden " when human hearts Are regenerated All blessings and Virtues will follow. That was Pius x s meaning in his motto renovate Omnia in Christo to renew All things in Chrlot. Re birth in Christ was the Only Panacea for the world s ills and the saintly pontiff reminded the world of that truth. At the same time the Church in its non essentials is More nor Essaf felted by the fortunes of the different localities in which her lot is East. The Church Moulds human society for Christ As far As human society will allow itself to be moulded to be truly civilised the nation As Well As the individual must co operate with Christ since the Down grades the easier Nad in Noralis so Phese articles Are not put Forth As giving the final word on any question raised. Our work is re search and More research. Much probing of Likely sources of information and often venturing into unlikely places is yet to be done. No item of information is unimportant. The history of Early times is often a kind of Jig saw Puzzle needing one particular fragment to make up a com plete picture. We want facts facts from our Catholic past. The historian May be original in his style but not in his facts. Anyone who possesses even the tiniest scrap of information of our Catholic past May possibly do a great service to the history of the Church in South Australia by supplying the very item of information the Catholic his Torian has searched for in ancient tomes and searched in vain. The author. Nations As in individuals the world resents this moulding by the Church save those faithful catholics who try to live their everyday life according to the inner As Well As the outer Spiri Tual teachings of the Church. But even these Are affected by their surroundings. Man is a social animal and normally must live with his Fel lows and be affected by them and his locale and the happenings of his time. As a member of the Church militant the Catholic has a daily Battle on his hands and to understand his ups and Downs his Virtues and his failings we must know something of the times and the conditions in which our Early. South australian catholics lived. Since Man is a social animal you can not quite isolate him under the Micro scope of history As the bacteriologist isolates organisms under the Micro scope of his science. Historically Man is studied in his reactions to the men and things of his time. The discovery of South Australia glimpses of Early Days joiners in 1802 explored both the gulfs of st. Vincent and Spencer and portions of Yorke Peninsula but he is not credited with the real Dis covery of South Australia. That Honor was reserved for Sturt in 1830 embarked on his famous boat journey Down the then unknown and unnamed River Murray. In . He and his party entered a Weed choked Span of water. Wondering where it would Lead them they rowed laboriously until they suddenly shot out into a Broad and Noble this River Sturt named the Murray after a colonial Secretary he had met but who was a passe politician by the time the Murray was named after him and who neither knew anything of Sturt s work nor where the River Mur Ray was located. Sturt and his six companions Fol Lowed the course of the Murray into Lake Alexandrina in South Australia. Sturt named the Lake in which he found himself Lake Alexandrina after the Princess Alexandrina Victoria later known As Queen Victoria of England. Lake Alexandrina receives the Murray Waters at Wellington and they flow thence into the Southern Ocean by the Murray Mouth at Golowa. Along the 1,750 Miles of the Murray Sturt found the Banks at Many places crowded with hostile Blacks armed with Spears. Snags and sunken Trees and sandbanks were some of the other perils Sturt encountered. Before Sturt had made this whaleboat journey South Australia was practically unknown a Terra incognito literally an unknown Region. Former explorers had come from the and did not venture into the Hin Terland some did not even go ashore. These explorers by gave South Australia but vague description and mostly an erroneous one. Captain King r.3l, in 1820, had reported South Australia As Barren quite unfit for Sturt himself saw Little of South Australia but he reported cursory As was my glance i could not but think x was leaving behind me the fullest Reward of our Barker in 1831 headed a land expedition to the Murray Mouth but was speared by Blacks As he swam the River. Of Barker s death one of his party Kent carried on and reported very Rich so hand pasturage and Abun dance of fresh water. In 1838 Mitchell envious of sturrs Success and preferment set out to Check Sturt s assertion that the Dar Ling was Tine of the Murray s tributaries. Biographers say that Mitchell hoped to prove that Sturt was wrong but he was right. So Mitchell turned Back from the Murray Valley. Later he climbed Pyramid Hill and looked Down towards Portland Harbor and saw a glorious stretch of country he named Australia he thought he " was in Ait Eden of which he was the first Adam. But Mitchell was. Wrong. What he mistook for Grey rocks at Portland Harbor were huts the Henty had already arrived there. Sturt s discovery of the Darling and his exploration of the Murray to its Mouth the laying Down upon the map of the main arteries of the enormous spread of River veins which take the water from 414,253 Square Miles of territory double the area of prance the opening of a new Rich Well watered province South Australia for colonisation this was the consummate achievement of Sturt s career As an explorer. Wakefield foundation of the state in 1829 Edward Gibbon Wakefield a London publisher and publicist was in Newgate prison London for having eloped with a Young lady a Ward of chancery. Wakefield was almost As. Keenly in love with an Ideal system of colonisation As he was with his chancery Bride. As a change from billets Doux Wakefield wrote his famous letter from Sydney expounding in it Wakefield s own system of colonisation. At this time in London colonisation was popular As a Relief from England s Over population and consequent unemployment. Wake Field s scheme was hailed with enthusiasm in England. Many thought the letter was the work of someone in Sydney. Wakefield had never been to Sydney. Sturt s discovery of South Australia was most opportune. There was now an Ideal scheme of colonisation in Wakefield s system and in South Australia the Ideal land for the operation of the scheme was waiting. By the influence of the Duke of Wellington and the historian Grote the South australian act of 1834, embodying Wakefield s system in a modified form set up the mechanism for the foundation of a new British Colony or rather a province in South Australia. A Colonisation association had been formed in London. A Board of commissioners was set up and they were to operate in South Australia by a chief commissioner. The colonial office was to be repro seated by a governor and governor Hindmarsh was appointed in 1836 and proclaimed South Australia a province in the same year at Glenelg. Wakefield claimed his scheme was foolproof and self supporting. In 1836, among various protestant sett lers to come out from England was an English Catholic William Gerard Phillips with his wife and Young family. We shall meet Phillips again very soon. Meanwhile by the act of parliament of William in August 15, 1834, the English colonisation association had had the new province to be named officially South Australia. Geographically this name is absolutely wrong because portions of both Western Australia and Victoria _ Are much More Southern than South but that name will probably never be changed. Wakefield s scheme did not prove foolproof for soon because of the divided authority Iii Marsh and the commissioners were at loggerheads and in 1838 governor Hindmarsh was recalled and succeeded by governor Gawler. Wakefield s self supporting system was based idea of Selling South australian land and the proceeds held As a land fund for the assistance of immigrant labor for land without labor was useless. To avoid clashes governor Gawler came in the dual capacity of the governor of the pro Vince and chief commissioner for the commission. Hindmarsh had had his own species of trouble and now Gaw ler was to have another kind of worry. The dual control in one person often made governor Gawler appear in the role of a Pooh Bah. What he did As the governor was negatived by what he did As chief commissioner and vice versa. To be continued this most extraordinary gift1 an astounding Promise. It All happened just six Hundred and ninety three years ago and in England and England at peace and basking in the summer warmth of a july Ray. The life of the University town of Cambridge flowed leisurely and pleasantly through the drowsy afternoon and a Monk prayed. From the High narrow stained Glass window above the lady altar the Rich Light Falls softly and reverently upon his solitary figure changing his habit of White and Brown into a garment of other worldly splendour. His face with the soft tones upon them and lit by a supernatural fire within appears As that of a Saint transported. And he is a Saint he is Saint Simon Stock. This great English prior general of the carmelites is in sore distress. He is old and care has Laid a heavy Burden upon him. His Brethren his children face extinction. Newly come from mount Carmel in the holy land his order is being bitterly opposed and persecuted and his subjects Are dejected. His memory As crowded with the thoughts of Carmel s ancient Devotion to its Queen and of her Oft proved love for her special children. With eyes for nought but the gently Smi Ling face bending towards him from the Shadow above the altar he prays to a Mother As a son anxious and troubled Carmel s traditional prayer to Mary comes earnestly and almost inaudibly fro this lips " Flower of Carmel Vine Blossom Laden splendour of heaven child Bear ing Maiden none equals thee 0 Mother benign who no Man didst know on All Camel s children thy favors bestow Star of the . 300 Days indulgence each time for enrolled scapular wearers he is transfixed the gloom is gone gone is the figure the altar. A Bright Light has blotted them out a Light that encloses a multitude of. Angels surrounding their Queen she moves smilingly softly towards him a Brown garment held in her outstretched hands this will be to you and a carmelites a privilege that Whoso Ever Dies in this scapular will not suffer eternal the vision faded in his hands his lowered eyes beheld the first Brown scapular. Mary s own garment was his Token of her special love and Pip Section a Mother had yet again won mercy for her children space had come once More through tary s hands a Symbol was Given to Carmel and thence to the world of a perfect Way of life " through Mary to Jesu the greatest of re wards the one thing necessary in life was promised by Mary herself eternal salvation for the wearer of her Brown scapular who is faithful to it and to All it implies the years slipped from him the Strain and stress of persecution re ceded afar with the youth that comes from nearness to god he went quickly to his anxious Brethren with his stupendous tidings. Like a fiery meteor crashing into a quiet Lake his message has caused a wave of Devo Tion to Mary Ever spreading further associating Ever greater numbers to the order of Carmel and in the Bene fits of our lady s Promise. Through nearly seven centuries has it stirred men s souls triumphing Over every doubt and denial hurled at it. To the questioning of the in credulous miracles have come in refutation which moved blessed de la colombiere s.j., to say no Devotion has been confirmed by More numerous authentic miracles than the decried As everything from god is decried against the scapular has been defended by one vicar of Christ after another Down the centuries not merely in words have they approved but also by the granting of indulgences great and Small. And so Down the centuries Mary s gift of love has been made known by Carmel Carmel which Aims to bring the whole world under the Protection of this pledge of salvation and so to the feet of Jesus. Today in Australia Mary s message is going Forth with increasing Power from her National scapular shrine at Middle Park Melbourne and from her Region. Al shrines at Alberton Adelaide and at Coo paroo Brisbane whilst her priestly sons through their National scapular Headquarters at the National shrine Are ready to help All to her Side by Means of the scapular. This most extraordinary gift of the scapular. From the Mother of god to Saint Simon Stock. Brings its great usefulness not Only to the carmelite family of Mary but also to All the rest of the faithful who wish affiliated to that family to follow Mary with a very special Pius in. Dominican Convent old scholars association the 36th annual meeting will be held at st. Mary s priory. Franklin st. Sunday. July 30. 3 o clock. All past pupils of dominican nuns invited. Nomination officers 1944-45 nominations will be received for presi Dent vice presidents 2hon. Trea surer Hon. Secretary committee 22and will close on july 26 with the Hon. Secretary mrs p. A. Greene. 49 West Street Torrens Ville v phone it 4914

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