Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia
14 Jul 1944

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Adelaide Southern Cross in Adelaide, South-Australia
14 Jul 1944

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - July 14, 1944, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia it was while passing through Tubino to quell an insurrection in Bologna that the militant Julius Clad in Armor plate made the acquaintance of a Bung Painter just then becoming famous and inspected. Some of his work. This Chance meeting led to the summons a few years later in 1611,. Of one Raphael Sanzio of Urbino to help to decorate the Vatican. In his train came a whole Galaxy of painters masters All soda a Signorelli Pintur Richio Olorenza lotto and even Rysch the Fleming. In fact Julius t be papacy and4rt article Owen Farrell bad achieved something very remark Able. He had succeeded in translating the Centre of painting to Rome from Florence the Birthplace and Resi Dence of the greatest of italian paint ers since Giotto s time. Julius As was his custom loved to watch his painters at work. He set them All to paint his rooms but his keen appreciative Eye soon discovered How the Bung Raphael was by far outstripping them All. So he promptly dismissed the other painters and kept Raphael to paint for him the now renowned camera Della Seg Natura. Raphael permitted himself to show All his Powers of both intellect and skill therein is contained theology poetry science his knowledge of greek and latin history learning and mythology. Much As one would wish it is impossible to give a Complete list of All that Raphael did. The stanza d Eliodora containing the Miracle of Belsena and the scene depicting the meeting Between Attila and Pope Leo i must needs to be mentioned. The last scene is a Eulogy of the papacy expressed in Art. Pastor says it is that of the greatest Triumph in the Church her greatness in her Wisdom and her Centre the papacy her Triumph in the wonderful ways in which god continues to guard and protect the succession of him to whom the prom ise was Given thou Art Peter. And upon this Rock i will build my Church. And the Gates of hell shall not pre Vail against it was prophetic too for soon the storm of therefor mation was to burst a time when the Popes might Ell need the Comfort such As Raphael s painting could give As it recalled Christ s reassuring Promise. While Raphael was on this last work Julius died. This was an 1518, but Raphael continued to paint on under Leo x till his own premature death in 1520. Though it May be hard to imagine the new Pope rivalled his predecessor in giving Raphael work to do to such an extent that the Painter was obliged to Call in others to assist him. Not the least famous of these was Penni. Penni it was 1 finished the cartoons of the tapestries of which the Motiff Joyce again is the Story of the papacy and in their consummate Art treat in Par. Titular scenes from the life of Saint Peter the first Pope and. Saint Paui the apostle of the gentiles. Raphael. Worked on incessantly. Hall after Hall was painted. In another work thu Primacy of the papacy was. Once More brought out As he showed the Corona Tion of Charlemagne. In. It. We recognise the features of Francis i of France and Leo x. Raphael was fond of the same subject in the Leonine Hall there Are huge Fresco with scenes from the life of Constantine the first Christian emperor to pay homage to Peter s successor. We now turn our eyes to the Glori Ous Sixtine Madonna which even in mid twentieth Century beggars All comparison and is the despair of artists sit before it As they try to copy some of its ethereal splendours. This Madonna is almost the epitome or the Climax of All paintings of the Mother of god Ever the popular theme of painters. In fact. It seems a Painter was not worthy to be called such until he had done Honor to the blessed Virgin by placing her likeness on Anasi ,.the me i Pope has been accused of Oyer Tang Raphael s Genius and patronising him to the exclusion m All others. Do not however the works of Raphael give sufficient answer to this this still remains the work far excellence in Art today the inspiration to. His would be imitators now As they. Hereto his contemporaries and for mat More Noble end could he Hovet worked than to place his talents at the disposal of the Pope and to out his Young life for the Honor and glory of Godl with Leo x ire have reached the very Summit of the .jter9i8�&sg j? had Boht la a of a flirt i it of tests instead of a Fig sought bit the growing st. Peter s came artists and architects to seek employment. Raphael with Fra. Giocondo and san Gallo now iad charge of its erection. I during this pontificate the work of the excavation of the precious relics j of Antiquity made rapid Progress Fol lowing on from the great discoveries of Pope Julius s reign when the find ing of the Laocoon and the Hercules caused such a sensation. Julius had at once sent Michael Angelo to super Vise the actual excavation and he could not get there Quick enough to see them himself. He at once issued a notice forbidding anyone to View them had no sympathy with ancient Art. Pope Leo later issued a heavy Fine if anyone finding a relic of Antiquity failed to report within three Days for such things often contain some important memorial and Are Well Worth safeguarding for the advantage of science and classic purity of the latin his warning explains Well the. Purpose Why the Popes took such an intense interest in these discoveries. Leo with Julius helped to establish the gratitude to the papacy of All men of learning and of Art of All future generations. He went to endless trouble to unearth old temples Baths and statues and requested Francis i to hand Back the Laocoon which had during the troubles of the period found its Way to Paris there is but one other Art which Leo encouraged and which up till now we have taken for granted it is the Art of music. The paintings of the time show that there was during the Renaissance an abundance of instruments. The specialisation at the time seems to have been the orchestra and a class of musicians called the Vir Tutsi gave themselves up to a particular study of different types of instruments. Diere were Many string instruments the violin held chief place whilst at the same time the or Gan retained its popularity. Leo x s father Lorenzo. De Medici had established an Academy of and Leo was looked upon As no mean critic and a performer of some repute. His desire for the progression of is shown when he bestowed upon Jacopo sans Condo renowned Musi Cian of. The times the title of count and a Small Village As a present into the bargain. Evhen we leave Leo and pass Over to Clement Vii s reign we Are now in the denouement of Renaissance Art. Adrian i whose Short reign intervenes Between that of Leo x and Clement had. Little time to attend to Art since All his energies were occupied with Luther in the. North and with the turks in the East. Yet it is wrong to say he disliked Art. It is True that Renaissance Art had no Appeal to him for he was a dutchman and the new spirit took a Long while to. Reach Holland and the Northern countries. He preferred Durer. No doubt too he had often seen the adoration of the Lamb and prob. Ably he preferred the Van Eyck Way of bringing heaven Down to Earth. It is tical of ad"8�? i think and easy to understand that surrounded As he was the Bishop of Rome Byla thousand portrait painters of wide fun a he chose rather for. A a dutchman Ian Orel comparatively insignificant at that time. His in Terest in the new Saint Peter s was keen. Those sit in judgment on Adrian should remember one thing he did. They should recall that it was Adrian was successful in regain ing the tapestries of Raphael which Leo x was forced to Pawn to France under financial embarrassments. To return to Clement vol the Day of his Coronation was the signal for great rejoicing among the artists of Italy. Adrian i s somewhat Steric attitude to them had frightened them away finn Rome. What happened we i to appreciate better in had Eorms the Jim the artistic . A3g& t or and greeted with cheering words those whom they once More met alive. Painters sculptors and Gold Ginith the Best in Rome Drew close together in a society founded by the Jovial Michael Angelo of Siena and held joyous Festas in which Giulio Romano and Penni also took Clement set painters to work to decorate the Hall of Constantine that leads into the stanza of Leo x. His Plahs however were soon interrupted when Rome was again invaded and sacked this time by the forces of Charles. A and much of Clement s work was destroyed. It was a tragic event in which Many of the artists of the Day either lost their lives fighting or died of the plague. A few As Cellini and Lorenz escaped with the Pope to san Angelo to act As gunners there. He # Ynith the withdrawal of the troops Clement still determined set to work with vigor to repair the damage. He was helped Here by Giovanni Udine the architect. Peruzzi was now in charge of Saint Peter s. In 1531 the mosaics were replaced and the Many churches especially the station Al churches As Saint Mary majors Saint Peter in chains and the Santa Maria in Ara Coeli were restored. Michael Angelo that Veteran was to Render service to no less than seven Popes was still plying his chisel. At this stage he was employed by Clement to Complete the Medici Chapel to design monuments for it and to build the Laurentian Library in Florence. He came to Rome at Clement s bidding to Complete the and in 1533 he began the terrible last Michael Angelo was eighty when it came his turn to take charge of Saint Peter s and to make the final Calculi tons of the dome. He lived to see the decline of the grand age of Art stand ing out like the very dome itself his exalted position in Art and his out standing character threw All other artists into the background. He died in 1563 in the pontificate of Julius Iii and the architects succeeded him carried out his plans = conscientiously up the beginning of the seventeenth Century. His epitaph might Well lie hid in the words which Pope Julius spoke to him not Long before his death you " Are doing much both for. Soul and with Clement Vii we might Well draw the Story of the Popes and their relation to and influence on Art to a close. He was not the last of the Popes to patronise Art for the Renaissance had hardly yet subsided and As Long As it lasted the papacy played the chief part. The period of the great masters however is Over and the Renaissance past its Zenith. But even when this Golden age of Art had ended the Popes did All they could to preserve the Genius of Art. Thus we could see How the cultured farnese Pope Paul Iii 1534-1549 even in the midst of reformation happenings and worries extended to Art an encouraging hand. We could go on to defend Saint Pius 1566 1572 like Adrian i so absorbed in religious questions of the moment ignored the treasures of Art and Antiquity be that As it May it suffices for us to remark that on his death there was found a list of artistic articles paintings and the like which he had ordered and in his rooms the pictures of Fra. Angelico found their place on the four Walls removed there at is own request. We could show that Gregory Xiii 1572-1585though he himself admitted he did hot under stand Art encouraged it. We could j select other names at random from the Long list of Popes that ends with the 262nd. Successor of Saint Peter. In the period of transition we could i Tell How Fontana achieved his Fame under the favour of Clement via 1592-1605. We could discuss too the Home that became baroque Rome 1p the time of Urban via 1623-1644 when Bellini the designer of the col Loi ado and the Val Loachino. Was so. In Foch admired by that pontiff. Thus Ftp to fluid Progress right up to the1 pontiff Aftaw times. V children. O0� gave us children. To he our tasting Joy. Lovely and innocent we watch them As they fashion each new toy from some less Lovely thing. Childhood knows no Wrabness it is always Spring in childhood s pasturing. Foo Oft the bubbling Well of life is dammed up at its we hut plan with careful Nur Turing. Each Small life s course accept the pain and suffering that birth May bring then god s great gift to us would make eternal Spring. Mary Kino. The Catholic hour from stations 5ka, Adelaide and 5au, port Augusta on sundays commencing 9 . Next sundays programme commentary on current events. Talk by the Rev. For. Fogarty . Politics and talk by Rev. For. Leo . Jesus Christ god and Sieber choir Mendelssohn songs. New Light symphony orchestra first year of Darwin s Catholic services club he Catholic services club Dar win celebrated its first anniversary recently. After the usual Sun Day evening devotions in the Church a Large number of troops attended the club. Army Navy and air Force were represented beside Many Ameri can servicemen. In the main Hall an interesting. Symposium on the greater Powers Bill was presented by . Coleman. Sergeant Weston and Bombadier Grace. Lively discussion and Many questions followed. In the other parts of the club rooms men gathered around the piano or engaged in various indoor games. In the Library others perused the cur rent Catholic periodicals or made use of letter writing facilities. Chaplain Frank Flynn m.s.c., after thanking the speakers of the evening congratulated the committee on the excellent work they had accomplished during the last 12 months. He him self had enjoyed the Many lectures and concerts that had been arranged. For. Flynn also announced that the Battle scarred Darwin Church was to be enlarged during the coming week to make room inside the Church for those had been forced to assist at mass from outside for some time past. The american engineers had kindly offered to carry out the work. This Extension would be Only of a temporary nature As the damaged Church was beyond permanent repairs. However for. Henschke m.s.c., hoped to build a new Church As soon As the building facilities were available. A collection list had been opened with this object in mind. Captain k. Whitehead the club s president thanked for. Flynn for his words of congratulation and the club committee for their Ever ready co operation. He was very pleased to hear that efforts were being made to improve the accommodation at the pleasant evening closed with supper served downstairs. The Fol lowing is a list of donations so far received. List of contributions the following is a list of contributors to the fund for the re building of the Church at Darwin which is probably the Only australian Parish Church damaged by enemy action pet. Anderson Reservoir melb., 10/- sister Antonius Carrietown ., 10/- Cpl. M. Bombace new York u.., �2 Cpl. J. Burchall Preston vic., 10/- 3. Beere new farm q., 10/- . R. Bradford Paddington q., 10/- . K. Bourke Wangaratta vic., 10/- . J. Beauchamp Campsie n.s.w., 10/- pet. R. Bleeser Mil Dura vic., 10/- b. Beard new York u.., 10/- sgt. F. Baillie Cordi Evale vic., 10/- Chi. J. Butler Essendon � 1 . F. Barker �1 j. Barker � 1 sgt. C. Bradford the Point �1 j. Bice North Baldwyn v., 10/- m. Barry Perth w.a., 10/6 . Berrigan Midland Junction w.a., 10/- b. Coe �1 a Clarke _ Kalgoorlie w.a., �1 sgt. L. Cleary Tremont penn., u.., �1 c. Cane Warran Dyte v., �1 pet. A. Cull Northcote Melbourne 10/- of sgt. J. Cahill Ashfield n.s.w., 10/- apr. P. Cusack Nar Romine n.s.w., 10/- apr. J. Cahill Wom Bah n.s.w., 10/- e. Conyngham Petersham n.s.w., 10/- g. Crowson Alton Iii., u.., 10/- sgt. K. Downey Hobart tas., 10/- k. Donnelly Wilston q., 10/- apr. J. Dalton Mooney Ponds v., 10/- . K. Dewey sgt. H. Dwyer Arncliffe n.s.w., �1 g. Douglas Croydon n.s.w., 10/- c. D Aquino Brooklyn u.., �1 t. Dempsey Morwell v., �2ptee. F. Fitzpatrick West Preston v., 10/- t. Foley Ballarat East v., �1 apr. R. Frederics Habard n.s.w., �1. W.02 a. Gibson Wiloughby Sydney 10/- . M. Gormon Toowoomba q., 10/- Cpl. Groyan Cairns q., 10/- sgt. W. Howard Trenton new Jersey u.., 10/- pet. P. Henry Bondi n.s.w., 10/- Cpl. T. Howard Yong Ala ., 10/- . J. Harris Mel Bourne v., 10/- p. Harrison Darling Point Sydney 10/- k. Hoelcher Bur Uldine q., 10/- j. Harney Ash Grove q., 10/- pet. F. Armstrong mar Oubra n.s.w., 10/- apr. B. Hannon Beakhurst n.s.w., 10/- Cpl. C. Iverson Allenby n.s.w., 10/- . G. Junge Kan Dos n.s.w., 10/- Cpl. C. Jen kind Cosgrove vic., 10/- Cut b. Kelly Melbourne v., �1 pet. J. Kelly Adelaide ., 10/- f. Kelly Morwell v., �1 pet. M. Kennelly Surry Hills v., �5 . T. Leneman Cobram v., 10/- . M. Lewis Ballarat v., 10/ . J. Lyons Tamworth n.s.w., 10/- sgt. C. Lyons Canterbury n.s.w., 10/ sgt. S. Malone Hobart tab., 15/- . C. Magi non Bondi Junction n.s.w., �2 . C. Mccaffrey moral. N.s.w., 10/- . A. Metcalfe mar Oubra n.s.w., 10/- Cpl. B. Meere new farm q., 10/- Cpl. R. Mcallen c. Murray North Melbourne v., �5 e. Mochler Coo paroo q., �1 Morris Malvern v., 10/-. . Mana Lack Brunswick a �1 s. Murray Kingsford n.s.w., 10/- j. Molis Trenton n.j., u.., �2/10/- Cpl. J. Mortimer. Shepparton v., 10/- apr. J. Mcgowan Orange n.s.w., 10/- pet. J. Nor " ton �2 pet. G. O Brien North Fitzroy v., 10/- . J. O Driscoll Hawthorn v., �5 sgt. T. O Neill Melbourne v., 10/- opt. O Meara Perth w.a., �1 Rev. G. Payne st. Patrick s Cathedral Ballarat �5/5/- mrs. A. Perrimon North Melbourne �5/10/- sgt. E. Peoples Arncliffe n.s.w., 10/- l. Petrella new Haven u.., 10/- it. J. Ryan Bullbrook �1 . E. Rawady Kaunda ., 10/- pet. M. Ryan Bendigo v., 10/- or. P. Rowles Perth w.a., 10/- Beryl Richards Fern Hill v.,-. J .10/- major a Robinson Bathurst n.s.w., j�5 capt. Stephens Sydney �1 . G. Stewart East Malvern v., 10/- g. Smith Fairfield n.s.w., 10/- sgt. Shanahan Cooee n.s.w., �1 pet. T. Shelly Geelong. V., 10/- . R. Tanner Greta South v., 10/- . N. Thompson Ryd almere n.s.w., 10/- j. Volar Penna u.., �1 pet. Webb Bondi Junction 10/- pet. A. Whitely Carlton a. 10/- j. Wilkinson Carlton v., �1 b. Wood Fern Hill v., 10/- further donations May be event direct to ch"p1qjn Bev. For f. Flynn m.s.c., of Thea Butery Darwin. Q o

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