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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - February 7, 1947, Adelaide, South Australia
National Library of Australia whence came the first spark of life if life anxious for truth Parramatta what is the ultimate origin of life the creative will of god. No other reasonable answer is possible. Science of course has no answer All that science can say is that there Are living organisms in the world to Day and. That they cannot always have existed on this Earth. Life commenced Only when the temperature of the Earth had sufficiently cooled Down with the consequent formation of the crust of the Earth and the condensation of water Vapours. Science therefore can merely say that at one time there was no life in the world and after that there was life. Whence came the first spark of life either we must believe in spontaneous com Bustion i.e., that some particles of non living matter suddenly became alive by Chance or we must hold that god created additional vital forces to animate inorganic matter when the Earth was ready for them. The of spontaneous generation is merely a superstition against the weight of All scientific evidence. The Only reasonable opinion is that of Charles Darwin Given in his Book the origin of species that life was originally breathed by the Crea Tor into a few forms or into one As a beginning of a continuous trans Mission and development of living things. Human Conception Are we direct products of the sperm and ovum cells provided by our parents our bodily organism is the direct product of the sperm and ovum cells provided by our parents. Man and the higher animals have always two parents who provide each a reproductive cell. When these cells Are United with one another they begin to multiply and develop into a living organism of the same kind As the parents. Man s soul however which is spiritual and not material is not derived from his parents. It is directly created in each Case by god at the moment when the sperm and ovum cells unite and commence the Independent existence of a new human embryo. No Choice is Man created arbitrarily arid with out his desire obviously each. Man is created without his desire. Since he was simply non existent before he was created he was not in a position to when you ask whether he was created arbitrarily the answer again must be that his creation de Pended not on his own will but upon the will of another. The first Man depended entirely upon the will of god. Subsequent human beings de Pend upon the will of their parents upon whose co operation god has willed the transmission of human life to depend. Predestination is Man either blessed or damned entirely at the moment of creation no. The of such a predestination in Advance to heaven or to hell is opposed both to reason and to revelation. Man is endowed with free will and is morally responsible for his own conduct. We decide our own eternal destiny. It is not decided for us. No Man need go to hell and if he does go there he will know quite welf that it is the result of his own evil Choice a Choice he was in no Way compelled to make. Schopenhauer in his Book the world As will and Schopenhauer says who Ever regards himself As having be come out of nothing must also think that he will again become Schopenhauer cannot be taken seriously. His philosophy was sidetracked into unreality by Kant into idealism by Plato and into pessimism by buddhism. He reduces the essence of both Maui and the universe to an in personal will that is no More than a Blind unreasoning impulse to exist a bondage and a misery from which the Complete Relief will be our com plete extinction but his arguments against the immortality of the human soul Are puerile. Here he says that whoever regards Man As having come from nothing must also think that he will again become nothing As a matter of simple fact millions who believe in the creation of Man from nothing do not believe that he will again become nothing. They see no reason Why they must think As selections from the question Box session conducted by Rev. Or. Rumble m.s.c., broadcast bom station 2sm every sunday night Schopenhauer thought. Schopenhauer would reply but they ought to if they were then let us look at the reason he offers. Time and eternity i that am. Eternity has passed before he was writes Schopenhauer and. Then a second eternity had beg info through which he never ceases to be is a monstrous thought it is though not in the sense in tended by Schopenhauer. For Schopenhauer Here is thinking of eternity m terms of time which at once Maks his argument invalid. It is True that we creatures immersed in the Succes Sive duration called time find All our thinking conditioned by it. Rut at least we should grasp that Perma Nence in existence outside the conditions of our present time series must be something very different and note a thought of in the same terms. By Venhauer s argument not Only fails because he interprets Eter nity As a Long time in die sense of knows it. He regards the thought of never ceasing to be As monstrous because it offends his pessimistic View of existence. But ins pessimism in turn depends on the total value of his philosophical system a system based far More upon imagination than upon reason. Immortality moreover Schopenhauer says if birth is the absolute beginning then death must be his absolute each Man begins not at his birth but at his Conception. He begins relatively As regards his body since All the elements that contribute towards the building up of his body previously existed. He begins absolutely As re Gards has soul since in each Case that is created from nothing As a spiritual entity. Now there is no reason whatever Why the human soul because it had an absolute beginning at the moment of Conception should Kave an absolute end at the moment the body encounters death. An Eter Nally existent god can certain Eter Nally will a continued communication ?4 exis to a created spiritual entity from the moment it comes into being. With god himself the of eternity excludes the of a be ginning and of an end. But granted his eternity there is nothing to pre vent a created soul from participating in eternal existence from the moment it begins to be should god will it to do so. Useless reasoning it. Follows writes Schopenhauer that the Assumption that Man is made out of nothing leads necessarily to the Assumption that death is the absolute what follows from wrong premises is As useless As the wrong premises themselves. If i said Melbourne is a suburb of Brisbane and it Fol lows that if you want to go there you must take the Brisbane id be right in. My logic but quite wrong in my advice because of the wrong ideas with which i began. So it s with Schopenhauer. He begins with wrong ideas and proceeds Logi Cally to wrong conclusions which cant pass the test of critical and reasonable examination. Hist9kv 8f try h l.g.k., Hurstville How was the Bible formed into the Book As we know it to Day christians took Over the old testament from the jews who had Al ready gathered into one collection the venous writings which they regarded As a Jared. During the first Century of the Christian Era further Docu ments were written at different times. Asj Vanous epistles of St. Paul and of other apostles the four gos Pels and the apocalypse or Book of revelation. At first these writings were used separately and in particular places but by the end of the second Century by the general agree ment of christians most of them had nn/a5iertr int2,a sin be collection called the new testament. I say most of them for Here and there some hesitation existed concerning the Jfe of. Cartain books such As the epistle to the hebrews and the reve Tallu of St John but by the fourth Century All doubts had been a a by the decisions of various Bishops and councils and the Complete new testament As we have it to Day was universally accepted As authoritative. In 1546 the Council of Trent officially and solemnly re affirmed. The constant Catholic tradition As to the number and names of the books making up both. The old and new testaments. Preservation of copies How have the previous copies dating from the original been preserved for further copying the originals of All the books of both old and new testaments have Long since perished. But they have been copied and re copied. Duplicate copies existed in Many places and were preserved by Bishops priests and laity with All possible care. Various copies were constantly compared to make sure that further copies were Correct and errors of transcription were continually being checked. As the earliest copies themselves perished the copying went on thus preserving the Bible for future Ages. Until the invention of printing All copies had to be made by hand and for Over a thousand years they were chiefly the monks in Catholic monasteries who made the preservation of sacred scripture their life work. Oldest manuscripts How old is the oldest copy in exist ence to Day there Are some Small fragments of manuscript copies dating from the second and third centuries. The earliest copies of really appreciable extent Date from the beginning of the fourth Century and Are therefore Over 1,500 years old. There Are two of them both written in greek. One known As the Codex Vatican us is kept in the Vatican Library at Rome the other known As the Codex Sinai Ticus is kept in the British museum London. The twelve apostles what Are the names of the twelve you will find them recorded in St. Matt a 2-4. They Are As follows Peter Andrew James John Philip Bartholomew Thomas Matthew James the son of Alpheus Thaddeus also called. Jude Simon and Judas Iscariot. After the treachery and suicide of Judas the other eleven apostles elected Matthias to take his place. As your letter now turns to quite different topics i will Reserve the rest of it till next week. Sex priest and them u.p.a., King s Cross you said that if a priest had left the Church and became am. Atheist he com hear a dying Mam s confession and give him absolution. I said that he could do that if no other priest were available and it was a question of either receiving sacramental absolution from such an sex priest or dying without absolution at All. Needless to say the Catholic Church makes this provision for the Sake of the dying person not As any. Tribute of approval to the sex priest. Attitude of the Church a Catholic woman when told that indignantly denied it. On this particular Point she had. Not an exact knowledge of her Reli Gion. Nor is she to be blamed for that. Even a Well instructed Catho Lic is not expected to know All the finer Points of Catholic theology in its application to rare and exceptional cases. Her indignation i can quite understand and Admire her for it. For she was rejecting what seemed an implication that the Catho Lic Church does not mind in the least what kind of priest officiates in her name. The Church does mind and expects of her priests a personal Vir tue and holiness corresponding with their sacred office and duties. I too would indignantly reject the. Sugges Tion that the Catholic Church is con tent with priests who Lack either Faith or virtue. Exceptional Case she said that such an sex priest could not and should hot give absolution in god s name. She was wrong in saying that in such circumstances an sex priest could not absolve the dying per son. the fact remains that he is still radically a priest by. Ordina Tion and the Church authorises him to exercise his Power in that one particular instance. And the Validity of the sacrament he administers de pends not upon the worthiness or unworthiness of the minister of it but directly upon the will of Christy that such a priest should not administer any of the sacraments is True in All Ordinary circumstances. There is no doubt that a priest s personal Char Acter ought to correspond with the character of his office. It is incongruous and disgraceful that a priest employed by god to destroy sins in the souls of others should be subject to sin himself that the one used for the dispensation of Grace to others should himself be without it. But in the exceptional Case with which 1 dealt the very supposition was that normally such a priest could not and should not attempt to officiate in his priestly capacity. The Church neither permits nor empowers him to act in her name apart from the isolated and unlikely event of a Catholic dying without the possibility of any other priestly assistance. Loyal incredulity when this Catholic woman was told of what Yon had said she declared that you did not and would not think of saying such a thing. Evidently the doctrine was new to her and she was so absorbed by other aspects of the Case that she failed to advert to the Point really involved. Since she wrongly but genuinely thought the explanation at variance with Catholic teaching i appreciate her Loyal defence of me and her Confidence that i would not say anything opposed to the truth. Faith in priests so there s one Catholic who does t believe m what you say. You Are being absurd. It was because of her readiness to believe any explanation Given by me that she could not bring herself to admit that i had said what seemed to her to be wrong. Catholics of course Are not required to make an act of Faith in any individual priest either As regards his teaching or his con duct. They believe in the official doctrines and ideals of conduct maintained by the Catholic Church. But they know that their habitual Confidence in the priests is not misplaced for the simple reason that Bishops would not allow priests to continue officiating who departed in their teach ing from Catholic doctrine or who persisted in violating standards of conduct proper to their vocation. Svik mis commonsense Sydney your Church teaches the existence of Purgatory and limbo. Correct. I have never read anywhere in the scriptures where god even mentioned the words. The words themselves Are not to be found in scripture. There is no reason Why they should be found there. The principles giving Rise to the doctrines those words express Are however to be found in scripture. But Here again it would hot matter if even the principles on which those doctrines Are based were not to be found in scripture. It s absurd to limit the whole of ones knowledge of christianity to the essentially incomplete writings in the Bible. One thing i will Grant you. If you can find any principles in scripture actually opposed to Catholic teaching about Purgatory or limbo then Catholic teaching on those subjects would be wrong. But i can assure you that Catholic theologians have made absolutely certain that there is nothing in scripture opposed to those Doc Trines. As they have at their disposal the accumulate results of nearly two thousand years of study of sacred scripture i scarcely think that in the time at your disposal you la find anything they have Over looked. Show me the words y can you quote me where god spoke those particular words i Fca not. And there is. No reason Why i should be Able to do of. You claim to be. A Christian you believe that Christ is the Bon of god. I presume that you believe in the Doc Trine of the holy Trinity. Yet you won t find the words Trinity in scripture. Will you abandon belief in the Trinity because of that i say those doctrines Are a made up affair by the Early Church of Rome and have never had anything to do with Christ s teachings. Can you deny this. I can. And 1 do so quite cheer fully.,. Continued on Page 5.
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