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Adelaide Southern Cross Newspaper Archives Dec 24 1947, Page 1

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - December 24, 1947, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia Jome december 1.a new papal encyclical which was issued to All Bishops in the world in 18 languages and which is believed to be the longest16,000 words since the pontificate of Pope Benedict Xiv in 1740, is entitled mediator Dei and deals with the necessity for the strict Observance of the Liturgy of the Church. The holy father who is believed to have typed the whole encyclical himself while he was at Castel Gan Dolfo although he was supposed to be resting while he was there says he deems it Wise to Issue the letter even at this time of turmoil be cause of the furious assault which has been launched against All institutions Supian and the encyclical which occupied 20 columns in the Oss Vatore Romama last saturday is a work of the High est scholarship and reveals a life Long study of the Liturgy. The Osser Vatore Romano says that mediator Dei May be considered a second chapter to the encyclical is sued in 1943 on the Church As the mystical body of Christ entitled Mystic Corporin and is particularly important As it will shake up those who Are opposed to any Novelty in the Church. Here Are first of All some extracts from the encyclical itself use of the vernacular the use of latin As used in the greater part of the Church stands out As a comely sign of Unity As Well As an effective Sanction against the corruption of sacred doctrines. How Ever in not a few ceremonies the vernacular is very useful for the people and May be used. None the less it is the sole prerogative of the apostolic see to permit this and without consulting it and acting with its approval nothing at All in this matter May be on hearing mass those Are to be praised who try to encourage the use of the roman Missal that the people May join More easily and effectively in the Eucharis tic sacrifice and so United with the priest Pray with the very words and senses of the Church. However a Good Many of the faithful Are unable to use the Missal even translated. Nor is everyone Able to understand Well enough the liturgical rites and forms. People differ so much from one another in mental capacity that they cannot All be equally moved by the prayers hymns and sacred actions done in common. There fore such people can use methods that suit them better As for example meditating on the mysteries of Christ or using other exercises of piety or saying other prayers which even though differing in form from the sacred rites Are in Harmony with their on sacred Art new types of images and decorations made More in keeping with the materials of which they Are composed Are not in a general Way and out of prejudice to be despised and rejected. Allowing for a proper Mea sure and right composition one which would not try to be Ultra realistic nor Ultra symbolic and Al lowing that they Are in keeping with the needs of the Community rather than the expression of a private artificial judgment and taste it is right in every Way that the Art of our times should be free to serve the sacred rites with a proper reverence and spirit and purpose of encyclical the holy father s purpose is to ensure that the faithful observe the liturgical Laws exactly in order to safeguard the purity of Faith the integrity of morals the solidity of Devotion and the Sanctity of worship. The encyclical though addressed to the whole Catholic Church for prac tical reasons Speaks almost exclusively of the Liturgy of the latin Church in the latin Church there has Arisen in recent years a movement scientific and practical which has produced no Little fruit but the movement precisely because it was started As a vigorous reaction against those who were accused of lethargy and negligence has not always been kept within proper limits and has produced new reactions especially among those who Are opposed to any Novelty. This state of affairs obviously Means a serious danger to Charity and Unity and for that reason the present pontifical document arouses the indolent and those who Are afraid of any sort of reasonable Progress but at the same time considers it necessary to restrain the imprudent. The present encyclical can be called a document on holy avoidance of exaggeration in the mystical body of Christ. Questions of practical nature questions of a practical nature have been particularly developed such As that of modern music the most suitable Means of getting the faithful to participate in the mass the liturgical color of the sacred vestments As Well As the quotations already made. In the first part of the encyclical the nature origin and development of the Liturgy Are expounded and the subject of the second part is the worship of the blessed eucharist in the second part it treats of the nature of the eucharistic sacrifice the participation of the faithful in the holy sacrifice and saute that while holy communion during mass is prefer ably that outside of mass and Spiri Tual communion May not be condemned. It stresses & proper thanks giving after mass and praises eucharistic devotions As Benediction. In the third part of the encyclical the Pope praises the divine office the observation of the seasons of the year and the consecration of sunday afternoons As Well As mornings this is followed by a warm recommendation of Devotion to the blessed Vir Gin and the participation of the laity in vespers. The encyclical in its fourth part urges the study Liturgy on clergy and faithful and deplores the inability of Many to serve mass. It urges that Gregorian chant and congregational singing should become More common and warns against dangerous extremes in Church music architecture and sculpture. Iii Iii at Christ fris Ali v say it with wine of course australian priests in Japan Rephey need priests very badly up Here Jast at present for everything was at a standstill at Leas during the War writes father j. Outran of the part Augusta Dio Cese who went to Japan recently. We print below extracts from his letter to father o. Farrell. All priests and students had to join up in the War and Only the old and almost helpless priests were allowed to remain at Home. Consequently the seminaries Are at least eight years behind with their Stu dents but it is a rather extraordinary fact that Here in the Seminary 98 per cent of the students took up their studies again. Apart from those killed Only one or two did not return. But it will be a few More years before they have anywhere near the Neces sary number of priests. In Yoko Hama where j. Cullinane and p. Farrelly went instead of Tokyo there were two old priests and a newly consecrated Bishop. Even though that is apparently the worst of the dioceses they Are All very Short now. Here for 58,000 catholics they have 41 priests and they Are All working alone. Atomic bomb s toll in the City there Are 13 churches for the 15,000 people with the Small est Parish having More than 1,000 catholics. The largest Parish Uraki in has now Only 4,000 8,000 having been killed by the atomic bomb. There is one priest to try to attend to these 4,000. Fortunately they All live around the Church. The. Bomb fell in a completely Catholic suburb of some 12, people most of whom were killed instantly. Many were in the Church for confession at the time and the two priests were also killed. Besides being the largest Church in Japan holding about 6,000, it was one of the most Beautiful. Now Only part of the front Tower remains. But they have built a temporary wooden Church to hold 2,000. There was also another Church close to that slightly smaller the roof and Interior of which was also destroyed. They were the Only churches destroyed though Many More a re damaged. The Cathedral is the oldest. In Japan having been built in 1004 by one of the French missionaries Many converts expected it was to this Church that some christians came in 1065 to Tell the priest that they were catholics and that Many More had been waiting for the return of the priests for 300 years during which time they had kept the Faith intact through the the 17th Century they had beep persecuted and 200,000 had been martyred and Many More exiled. Now they Are expecting Many converts for previous to the War they were scarcely free to become catholics. Now however they Are look ing for something if Only there were priests to give it to them. Also near the Centre of the bomb were a girls school boys school orphanage two convents and a Mon Astery . They Are rebuild ing on the ruins of these. About 50 Sisters were killed but very few children and Only the two priests. Usually you can t distinguish the Sisters from the women about for they lost their habits in the bombing and they need Al their Money for their buildings. Convents become orphanages you have no idea How hard they have to work Here to keep things going. They would die with Joy if they even had one Convent like those in Australia and they would not know even what to do if even once a week they had one meal like the poorest australian. Yesterday we passed them digging in their. Small potato plot trying to get enough to feed the orphans. Most of the con vents have been turned into orphan Ages where they Are All real orphans. They can just remember their parents and the bomb. Afterwards they could not even find the remains of most of their Homes. But they Are resigned now and have accepted the bomb As the Price they had. To pay for their Freedom to be catholics. Real catholics these people Are Tom i a catholics up Here. You see them pass the Church and if they cannot go in vote make a visit they Stop and Bow to the Church. And it does not matter who their companions Are especially among the children. Their Faith is All the More remarkable since they do not attend Catholic schools. Until now there were no private schools allowed in Japan or if As in some cases they were allowed religion could not be taught. So three times a week the children come for instruction by the catechist of the school. It is difficult and unpalatable to imagine what would happen in Australia if things were like that there. It is amazing the Welcome we have received from everyone. They seem so glad to see us in. Their coun try especially when we Tell them there Are some More to come. Language difficulties the Bishop still can t do enough for us and has hired a teacher by whose Means he Hopes we will learn japanese. But i think it will take the whole five years for me to be Able to speak it. There is nothing on Earth like this language but i super pose i la g

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