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Adelaide Southern Cross Newspaper Archives Aug 18 1944, Page 1

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Adelaide Southern Cross (Newspaper) - August 18, 1944, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia does Mem standing with Church professor Timasheff s views in a recent article in the Brooklyn Tablet professor Timasheff russian author of the notable Book religion in soviet Russia comments on the visit of the polish american priest for. _ Orlemanski to Moscow and says that it stirs View speculation As to the possibility of an eventual understanding Between the Vatican and the russian according to press reports says professor Timasheff _ or. Orie Manski in his conference with mar Shal Stalin and commissar Molotov pleaded for religious tolerance in Poland and in the Ukraine and White Russia where Large Catholic Minori ties exist. Not Only was marshal Stalin quoted As promising to do All in his Power to co operate with the Church so that there would be no persecution in these areas but apparently he went even further than the j priest expected by affirming his desire that religious Freedom be Universal. It was said that for. Orlemanski received from marshal Stalin a Docu ment concerning the Church but this document has not yet been published. It is assumed that it does not differ from Stalin s Oral statements. The implications of Stalin s state ments Are of tremendous significance. The traditional tension Between Ortho Dox and roman catholics in Russia is part of the background that gave heightened interest to the priest s unofficial Enterprise. Religious Perse cution against catholics living in Russia is one reason for the Strong opposition of the majority of catholics to soviet plans for Poland and Lithuania both predominantly Catholic countries. Obviously if catholics could be persuaded that no Perse cution looms in the future their opposition might vanish. It seemed Clear that some policy of appeasement was being shaped by the Kremlin Strate Gist i. Tree soviet government is Well aware of the Vatican s role in inter National politics. Hence the at tempt already begun to appease Catho Lic elements. This has not been done in too obvious or open form but in the move Subtle roundabout Way characteristic of soviet politics. Rather than Confer with the apostolic administrator in Moscow for. Leopold Braun the russian Leader chose a priest who was prepared to play a part that had been assigned to him. La acting thus the soviet statesmen probably sought in some Way to Cor Ner the Catholic Church. If the Church rebuked for. Orlemanski mar Shal Stalin would interpret this As the rejection of a Friendly offer. On the other hand if the Church tolerated use of the priest s services by the russian government it would mean that an obvious violation of Church. Discipline was being indirectly sanctioned. The Kremlin anticipated that in both cases the antagonist namely the Catholic Church would be weak ened and made More responsive to soviet terms. The subsequent sub Mission of for. Orlemanski to Episco pal censure his pledge to withdraw from political activities and the fact that he has suffered a physical break Down have combined to nullify his Utility on the soviet chessboard. Nevertheless it is quite possible that now in View of the problem of the annexed provinces marshal Stalin would like to come to terms and to sign a kind of concordat. It is up to him to make the first move of course since the Vatican never initiates agreement with political Powers however anxious it May be to reach an understanding looking to i the Protection and propagation of Catholic interests. If marshal Stalin is willing to Grant ?

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