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Adelaide South Australian Chronicle Newspaper Archives Jan 26 1895, Page 8

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Adelaide South Australian Chronicle (Newspaper) - January 26, 1895, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia Lilit in fun Fri to Settle inane Mattere. Twat a shh Ftfe . Might that Rara Firas no id come speedy. And he of fed Stu Adro tag Wahidi the Prog a v directed Woom be realised and realised he #i6bfatett extent. Or. Hardy had referred my sri t6h6%biae-Infacket for Vine and had stated by a were threatened that if Wuky at Ftp Biff Tea with the depot the buyers a f a not Deal with then. Individuals wealthy a Viva Minfer til were threatening & Colony and a in inti it nation. a taif fiant periods of his life and had served or tns9eimimary premiere Bat he could never for ? of that sir John Colton and he of Rad a Hin Long Kef had taught him. It i hide Imbi to say when they threaten Bov ? ? v r?sii3 3 said it not Onoe but Many times my Finsten your hands hold on and Don t give he 5iy. Luff was the Way in which the Golem map ? Ine Aai were Goingco treat these individuals Ink. Tins instance. Were they to be told that a \m2 Colony that had hedged itself for �20,000,000hpk a Sterling to develop its resources was to be me walked and bluffed in getting a share in the a world s markets for the produce of these a Idso Oroese certainly not. Reference had few Fesi invade to the Lake Bonney scheme and ik3 z valid Otic a i Kalb the govern put tiie Avhad to consider the fact that not every Fis ? ? ? ? ? a is T position to Purchase even a Small of Stem ski the valuable land near Clare audit spa in ?./ii6ir-ifij� right that a paternal government Llor. Should make More land available elsewhere of 8b it All could have a share. Irr Seine Stan was carried and acknowledged and this closed the meeting. Muff mau3o l m Reid sh0uses�2f ii lip. A in a Siposs Timber it i on merchant we Orradre we guarantee Aii our a ? Jim my mks,4�.? no steam saw moulding Turners cabinetmaking joinery i Mem Max 6 at is. 9il per Sheet once Franiz to out of Iceabel atom it Kohl re. Tric. Jefe a a 7-Ifc. A 2s. Excl and at poet Adelaide iese Misol a Toj it Wizior Radii Tim los i. ? a Tige. Mats. M. For net Cash. Building materials Iii 3e st5 Asfe fat Tab. Framed Ulfig i 9-ft. At 2s. 99cl Uvell la Lvi Ivor 1 i it Nuu a so a i 00 Cymru be to in Hub a inf Fiji no ill St Fai i six ? _-. And up ��p1 a a Mart country owl be wily b9hkj be swab site Paa to Fotti Tuhwa jew Anatlas Psi jexte5nsive plantations. The results of Enterprise. On a Friday morning a Start was made _. ? shortly after 9 o clock in a South Westerly direction and although Many vineyards were casually inspected from the Roadside a halt was not called until the Broad acres of and Froeman were encountered. This was the largest Plantation yet seen during the trip and it is questionable whether it was not the most promising. The enterprising proprietors took up their land three years ago and new they have 50 acres of vines and 40. Acres a trait Trees Unuer cultivation use ape. The extensive area of their estate it is doubt caul whether it would be possible to obtain a Barrow Load of weeds Over the entire. Section so thoroughly have they cultivated the land. The heavy Rains which fell last year the constant working of the soil Aiice although warm weather has since been experienced. The whole of the land was Loose. And in each a condition As to readily retain the moisture during the summer months. Or. has been a colonist for 15 or 16 years Ana Ait Nougue be Naa never previously been associated with viticulture or horticulture he is conducting the affairs of the Plantation in a Way that would do credit to an experienced grower. He was very Happy in his selection of land As while he obtained it at a Price considerably below the average value of / land in the District it is an excellent site for a Vineyard and Orchard the soil being easily worked and Well protected from Easterly and Westerly winds by Hills and dense scrub. He started planting 18 months ago and was fortunate also in having a very favourable season. The result was that he had a Good take and consequently the growth through out is very even. Or. Knappstein states that altogether be has expended �2,000 on the pro Perty but if his Plantation continues As it has begun he will within a few years have a very valuable estate and one that will quickly compensate him for the capital and labor expended in bringing it to its present state of perfection. At Emu Flat or. Knappstein has another so acres of Young vines and they Are doing equally Well so that in a very Short space of time he will have As much work in hand As he will be Able to undertake with any degree of Comfort. Arriving on the main Road again at the Southern end of seven Hills we proceeded in the direction of messes. Christison and Lyall s Vineyard which is situated in the Hundred of to taper wakened. Time would not permit visits to messes. Perrin s Plantation at pen worthy Springvale or the Well known pro Perty of or. V. Mayr although Many an enquiring glance was directed to the leaders of the expedition when messes. Birring and sobels cellars were passed. The Day was hot and the flies were trouble so that it was with feelings of Delight that the party arrived at their destination and wet greeted with a cheery Welcome from the genial manager or. Lyal who immediately informed them that there was a Light snaefc0 waiting inside. This kind hospitality was very acceptable. When that important function luncheon was accomplished or. I Yah escorted his guests Over the extensive property on foot the Premier s injured knee entitling him to be driven in a Well equipped buggy although he would have preferred the exercise had he been Able to attempt it. A Small Dairy wits first inspected where All the modern appliances Are used. Although on a Small scale and Many pounds of excellent butter Are f forwarded to the Adelaide Market from Here every week. Does it pay t said or. Lyall in answer to a query. Yes handsomely. If i got 9d. Per la. Ail he year round i would be thoroughly satisfied if it pays at 9d. Per la. What opportunities South Australia has in the world s markets when the european Trade has been extended ? was no doubt the thought passing through the minds of the members of the there was very Little time left to debate the subject As the energetic manager was already discussing other topics and leading the visitors off at a rapid Pace in the direction of the Vineyard. Messes. Christison and Lyall have been at work in the upper Wakefield for 2i years and although Many of the old cookies Shook their Heads at the time and considered the action of the newcomers As a Freak of madness there Are Many now who Are following their example in Way. Already this enterprising firm of Scotchman have i placed 160 acres under vines the principal varieties planted being malbec Carbe Nefe and Shiraz while a Small area of Matarosa have been added for blending Pur poses. Some of the Best wine of the country will be produced from this Vineyard was the verdict of or. Hardy who was doubtless thinking of the error made by Early growers in planting too great an area of the poorer but More prolific varieties. Or. Holtze was also loud in his expressions of appreciation and affirmed that he had never seen land better cultivated. It was old wheat land and or. Lyall went the Light Way to work in the first instance by ploughing twice and then subs fling so that now the soil works readily and the roots of the vines Are enabled to extend downward without opposition. The previous occupier lad leased the land for �70, and was eventually sold out while now even before the vines had come into bearing the Section is giving a fair a Etnah from various sources. There is no doubt that men will make a Good living where others will starve and if More of our agriculturists adopted a better system of farm ing the depression would be less keenly Felt. Surrounding the Vineyard Are several rows of fruit Trees that Are thriving equally Well and from a Small area of two and a half year old apricots half a ton of fruit was gathered. The fruit was entirely free from disease and was disposed of to hawkers at id. Per la. A higher Price than that obtained in Adelaide this year. Near the Homestead or. Lyall has a Small irrigation plot on which he grows a Quantity of Lucern and Maize for his Dairy cows. The Lucern was about a foot High at the time of the visit and was very healthy the members of the party being greatly surprised when they were in f owned that last year or. Lyall took five crops from it. He also grows a considerable Quantity of wimp planting the last crop in the Middle of january. ? shift provides him with fodder for the cattle until the Middle of the year the whole Plant being chaffed up and mixed with cookies chaff which he buys from the neighbouring farms it makes admirable feed for the cows and is easily grown. The seed is drilled in and worked with planet jr., implements there being sufficient room for a horse to work a Hoe Between the rows. The first crop was quite 7ft. High and considering How readily ? this class of fodder grows it is Surpris ing that More banners do not cultivate it where they have a Good water Supply. A Small Plantation of Zante currants. Was. Next visited after which it was found necessary to bid Hasty Adieu and depart to v f. Meet the coach at Auburn homeward bound. Ade Tafile was reached on Friday evening the i wpT1 thoroughly enjoyed their visit to a the District of Stanley. Is a a Ftp Fiffis rival after fitly ilst5ro �h6ufcaustaali� nothing #18? ton rfcs being always a mos every a sold a Stoiu Biating cup. A Small spoon Hil of cad but s Cocoa with boiling water or milk win make instantly a stimulating ant Palthe most delicious Cocoa rxil6o3 the stage in Australia. New arrivals. Or. A3sb mrs. Dacre. The australian stage is regularly recruited from that of London and the mail steamers Are constantly bringing to the colonies actors and actresses who desire to add a colonial reputation to that achieved at Home. Theatre goers in Australia and readers of Arthur Dache. Dramatic notes Are All familiar with the name of or. Arthur Dacre a Well known London actor whose visit to the colonies has often been spoken of. Or. Dacre and mrs. Dacre miss Amy Moselle who like her husband is a Well known figure to London audiences reached the Colony by the . Aruba which dropped Anchor off Largs on tuesday afternoon. They Are in route to the sister Colony opening in Mel Bourne at the Bijou theatre on february 16. A comp us j lug Bucu 1c 111i� jul to Kurti. Hardy and miss Muriel Carr two Young ladies to whom nature has been More than kind. They go to the Bijou joining or. W. Elton who by the Way cabled to his old Friend or. Dacre asking him to come out. The company open in the wife s ordeal or the libertine a pay written for mrs. Dacre by g. R. Sims arid which though in no degree resembling the second mrs. Tan query contains what has been described As a risque Axa. Or. Dacre has also brought out with him of Sydney Grundy s plays which Aie to be produced in the sister Colony. Like Many other London actors or. Dacre has for a Long time contemplated paying the colonies a visit and a Little time Back actually entered into an arrangement to come out but was always detained in London. He is a member of the medical profession which Pursuit he abandoned for the stage. The fact of his being a doctor has however in no Way interfered with the profession he is now following on the contrary it has been the Means of reintroducing him Tomany old associates whom he has found in All quarters of the Globe. At Colombo he ran across sir George Pilkington who was a fellow student at Guy s Hospital. In Mel Bourne or. Dacre will meet More than one old Friend of his student Days. Prior to sailing the Savage club gave him a Send off at which Many australians were present among others or. Pilcher ., of Sydney and he brings with him numerous letters of introduction to prominent colonists one being to or. J. H. Want ., of Sydney and another to or. O Hara the Weil known Medico of Collins Street. Mel Bourne to London air. Dacre made a great hit by the creation of the now famous role of Jim the Penman in sir Charles Young s Well known play of that name. The title role was offered by the author to Well nigh every Lead ing actor in London one and All of whom absolutely refused to take it partly owing to a mistaken Conception of what the playwright intended the villain of the piece to be. Meet ing or. Dacre sir Charles asked him to take it and he made a request to see the text. After Reading the lines or. Dacre came to the conclusion that As Jim the Penman had lived for 21 years on his dexterous penmanship he must be a plausible gentlemanly scoundrel and when he told the author his idea the latter said exactly that is what i intended him to be a Bunch of violets is to be produced. This is a work by Sydney Grundy and a version of it was once Given in fee colonies under the title of Marmion this play was one of the successes of the last London season at the Hay Market. Amy Roselle mrs. Dacre. Mrs. Dacre has had a Large London experience and she treasures As a valued memento a letter sent to her by Henry Irving in which he thanks her for and compliments her upon her masterly interpretation of the part of lady Macbeth which mrs. Dacre took at very Short notice. Ellen Terry suddenly became ill and on a Friday at Midnight mrs. Dacre was called upon to fill the role of lady Macbeth on the following monday. During the illness of Ellen Terry mrs. Dacre took the part of Queen Catherine when Irving was play ing at the lyceum. Mrs. Dacre who by the Way is a Friend of miss Kate Bishop so Well known on the australian stage is a harming and gifted lady and like her husband is bound to make Many friends during her residence in Australia. Both or. And mrs. Dacre continued the journey to the sister Colony in the Aruba. The London correspondent of the Sydney bulletin referring to the departure of the distinguished actors wrote i am sure you will like the Daeres. Mrs. Dacres Amy Roselle is too Well known to require any Eulogy at my hands. She is certainly one of our very Best All round actresses. Her husband is a capital fellow and a capable actor whose handsome appearance alone is almost enough to carry off any part he undertakes. Full of Bon Homie be is liked wherever he goes. A very Large party of friends assembled at the station to wish them Bon voyage and Good Luck. The Savage club mustered in full Force at a real Send off supper to Dacre. It was one of the most pleasant evenings we have had there for time. Australia was Well represented by Mackennan Alfred Dampier j. Longstaff Fry of Tasmania Pilcher , of Sydney Lett Henniker Heaton and others including Phil May who is looked upon As half an australian now. Arthur Dacre by the Way is not alone a Mummer he is a not undistinguished member of the medical profession and gave up a Good practice to follow his fancy for the stage. Sir h. J. Wrixon who was one of the representatives of Victoria at the Canadian conference is returning to Melbourne by the Orient Steamer Austral which sailed from Plymouth on saturday january 12, and which is due in Adelaide about the Middle of next month. _ on december 11 sir Henry delivered an interesting lecture under the auspices of the Royal colonial Institute on the National significance of the Ottawa conference in the discussion of which the late sir John Thompson Premier of Canada spoke for the last time in Public. He died on the following Day. Sir John colomb or. Thomas Playford agent general for South Australia or. James Huddart and or. J. R. Parkin also took part in the criticism. The labor problem. Some interesting evidence. The Council select committee during last session the Hon. Martin base Dow moved in the legislative Council in favor of the establishment in South Australia of labor colonies on a basis adopted in Germany and although the proposition was not agreed to an amendment was carried in favor of the appointment of a select committee to enquire into the unemployed problem. The members charged with the difficult task of gathering evidence and of reporting on the matter were the hons. M. Basedow chairman Henry Adams d. M. Charleston j. Or Dun can and w. Russell their first pro Gress report was lieu on me is Ute of the Council on october 17, and the final result of their deliberations was brought up on december 11. Shortly after the Progress re port was issued the select committee sent a message to the Assembly asking that messes. Butler Mclachlan and o Loughlin should be permitted to attend and give evidence before them and the request was granted. The statements made by these _ three gentlemen Are published As appendices to the final report and at the request of a number of brother legislators we reproduce them Here. Or. J. Mclach asps opinions or. J. Mclachlan Junior member for Watala was called in Aud examined by the select committee on october 23. In reply to various members of the committee he said i would favor the idea of labor colonies and of employing the labor now wasted if it could be done without too great a Cost. It seems pity to see so Many idlers hanging about the City producing nothing boys Selling newspapers a. The population is far too much congested in the City and we should do All we possibly can to shift it on to the land. I do not expect the Lake Bonney scheme to turn out a Money making affair but simply to give a eople an Opportunity to make a living file Garding the rate of wages i think that in instances say for shearing Good men making a a Day is rather too High but for country labor in general it was years ago i paid from 25s. To 30s. A week House Wood and water for married men and for single men from 15s. To 20s. And keep. Married men were allowed to keep a cow fowls and a pig. That was regular employment All the year round. Now i have no married men i cannot pay them. In my neighbourhood Alma Plains they get men i think at about 22s. A week but there Are Only very few employed. Single men Are paid Froni 10s. To 20s. A week but they May be had at almost any Price. The country is mostly bought and Labouring under mortgage. Some of it is rented. Ten years ago 6s. An acre rent was paid in one instance that i know of the general rate being about 4s. Now there is a difficulty in letting land not being i table at All. The rate of rent is about is. A. To 3s. Per acre. The Man that is not bound to Purchase generally goes away and takes land from the government which he can get for As Many Pence As he has to pay shillings in rent to private owners. The Ordi nary rate of interest 10 years ago was from 7 per cent to 8 per cent., now the men pay from 6 per cent to 7 per cent. The value of land in Alma Plains 10 years ago was from �2 10s. To �4 10s. Per acre now about �1 to �2. Laud suburban to Owen was bought from the govern ment More than 10 years ago from �2 10s. To �2 15s., and has now been sold with improve ments for 20s. An acre. It was not a Case of distress. There have been no notable improve ments in farming machinery during the last 10 years. The Price of such machinery is now somewhat lower than it was 10 years ago. I timid if the Price of wheat would Rise to what it was 10 years ago the Price of land would improve accordingly. Land then would be Saleable at something like a fair Price. I think the unsettled state of our taxation system has a Little to do with the present land values but very Little. That applies to All sorts of land. In reference to the proposed progressive land tax of our Farmers think that the proposed exemption of �5,000 might be reduced gradually until the tax is made an All round increase which would be brought about by the owners of Large estates joining hands with those who advocate the All round increase of the land tax. The opinion of Farmers is divided on this question would prefer an All round increase and others would prefer the present a proposition if they knew that the exemption would remain at �5,000. Or. Mclachlan handed in this document concerning the produce of a farm of 3,000 acres ten years ago or thereabouts 1,200 acres under crop allow 200 acres for horse feed and seed heat 900 acres reaped with stripper for wheat average 8 bushels per acre at 4s. Per Bushel �1,440 100 acres Cut for Hay producing 1 ton per acre 100 tons at �4 per ton �400 total �1,840. To Day the number of acres under crop with the average per acre 8 bushels present Price 2s. Per Bushel �720 100 acres Cut for Hay giving 1 ton per acre present Price 30s. Per ton �150 total �870. Five Hundred ewes 10 years ago which would Cut g la. Wool each at 9d. Per la. Would give �112 10s. 400 lambs from if sold would give at 5s. Each �100 j total �212 10s. Same number of ewes to Day producing i la. Wool each present Price 4m. Per lb., �56 5s. 400 lambs at 3s. Each �60 total �110 5s. Ten years ago sold from farm each year four Colts at �25 per head �100 to Day the number and quite As Good �50. I think it will be seen by these five leading farm products wheat Wool Hay sheep and horses that the Farmer has a very bad time. Could i draw a brighter picture i would be pleased to do so but there is absolutely nothing on the farm at the present time that i know of that the Farmer can produce Aud get a profit out of it. From the Farmer s stand Point dark the future looks and dreary. These five leading products of the farm which i have mentioned you will see that would Havo brought in an income to the Farmer of 10 years ago something like �2,152 10s. To Day with the labor or rather More the products Are in Quantity and Quality Only wort i in our Market �j,03li As. Thus the Farmer with the acreage to Day with the amount of stuff to pass through his hands receives �1, 116 5s. Less than he did ten years ago. Under such pressure How can the Farmer live and pay his Way say wages must come Down. Well on the whole i do not think that farm labor can be reduced any lower than it is. The fanning Man is the hardest wrought Man and the worst paid in South Australia. Any reduction in this Way will have to be Light but there Are two things that will have to be done if the Farmer is to go on farming rents will have to come Down and the rate of interest As the rate of in Terest and rents have fallen nothing in pro portion to that they ought to have done according to the Price of the products of the farm. I think if we Are to have better times in South Australia the toilers of the soil must have a helping hand stretched out to them at the present time by carrying All sorts of the products of the farm at the cheapest rate possible. These tilings have not come upon us in a Day they have been coming for the last seven or eight years or perhaps More. I think that in and around the cite people Are suffering to Day because the governments of the past when they Lead Bor rowed Money to spend spent so much of it in and about the City that the men in the country flocked to the City. Now that the Money is spent we have hundreds of men seeking work without finding it. What is to be done with these men ? they must not starve in a land of plenty. Well i think that the Lake Bonney scheme is in the right direction something must be done and i know of nothing better at present. We cannot go on borrowing Money to build railways that will not pay and we must get the people away from the City. We Are suffering from City monopoly our City has grown far too Large for the country to keep. Let us then help the people to help them selves this will Cost the country less than keeping them Idle Here about the City and those depending upon then crying for bread. I have heard it said that if the govern ment would cease aiding the Village Settle ments and do away with the legislative Council it would help us in our depressed times. I am not in favor of doing away with either. Some say the single tax would put things right others that it the cause of a Good Deal of our trouble others again that our system of taxation has something to do with it. I think that the unsettled state of our taxation system has bad perhaps a Little to do with it but very Little. Some blame the labor party blame the National defence league. I think that these one and All have had very Little to do with the present depressed state of things. To my mind the great fall in prices of everything that we can Export is the chief cause of the unemployed trouble. Copper Silver wheat Wool almost everything that we produce has gone Down one half compared to what it was ten years ago. Where i As a Farmer used to employ four married men which with their families would mean 20 persons now i have four single men. This is not As it should be. Within a radius of 12 Miles i have known 20 married ploughman kept to Day in the area not More than four Are kept the Low Price of our produce compels us to do with All sorts of makeshift anything to serve the turn so that we May be Able to pay 20s. In the Pound. I believe that if Copper Silver wheat and Wool would go to the prices they were at ten years ago our troubles and depression would pass away like Mist before the rising Sun. Views of or. L. O Loughlin. Or. Lawrence o Loughlin senior member for Frome wrote on october 24 at your request i herein give what in my opinion has been the chief cause of this difficulty. It is the extremely Low prices of our Staple products of wheat Wool. And Nunner. Especial la wheat. Farmers not employing near the number of hands they used to in making improvements barely keeping Only sufficient to get Over the Rush of a few weeks in the sowing season and the in harvesting. New implements and machinery of All kinds Are out of the Power of the Farmer to Purchase while the present prices of Grain continue consequently mechanics Are thrown out of employment in All trades. Arery Little improvement can be expected while the present Low prices maintain and it is indeed difficult to suggest any practical remedy. Turning Atten Tion to other resources such As the wine and Dairying industries freezing works to enable us to Export our surplus meat will help us. Also the development of our Gold bearing reefs in various parts of the Colony but especially in the North East where fresh discoveries Are being made almost every week every reason Able encouragement should be Given to this Industry by assisting in procuring water for prospectors the cheap transit of trial samples of Stone a. It has been suggested that legislation has led up to this unemployed trouble. I fail to see How this can be the Case. Our land Laws Are As Liberal As they Are in any part of Australia or anywhere else As far As we can learn every facility is Given to persons desirous of settling on the land. Taxa Tion is Only of a character to barely meet exist ing requirements and though people who have to pay naturally grumble it is less than it is in most other countries. And an ample return is made by the state for All taxes paid in the shape of railways roads free education and other ways. I Hope to see a return of better prices and better tunes for la. Or. R. Butler s opinions. Or. Richard Butler senior member for Watala wrote on october 25 owing to ill health i am somewhat late in replying to the request of the committee and have Only to say that to solve the unemployed problem in South Australia would be to find to a great extent a solution of the problem for All the world for there Are few countries where the difficulty is not pore pressing than in this Colony and there is no evidence so far As i can see that prospective legislation or legislation enacted since members of Parlia vices has placed this Colony in greater difficulties than obtain elsewhere rather i would say that it is to legislation passed Hwesi members were supposed to serve their country from pure patriotism that Many of our financial difficulties can be traced and which necessitates asking our wealthier colonists to Bear somewhat increased burdens to tide us Over our present difficulties. If we could relieve ourselves of such burdens As the new parliament House port Victor breakwater the pastoral 3ss4 act by which judging by the revaluation of improvements paid for by the state a loss of �500,000 is More than probable the port Darwin railways South and Hergott North and others we should be in the Happy position of either relieving our taxpayers to the extent of �200,000 annually or we should have that amount to spend each year in improving and developing our estate and finding work for our people. So much for the past. Now As to the present. The unemployed difficulty and the want of Confidence existing is in my opinion a mainly due 1. To the abnormally Low Price of All our productions values that make the production of our Staple industries a remunerative except under the most favourable circumstances. With wheat at 5s. A Bushel and a corresponding Rise in other pro ducts we should hear very Little of the unemployed difficulty or the want of Confidence. 2. Another cause is the continued and increasing friction Between capital and labor. If these two great organisations were As anxious to meet in Friendly conference As they Are to insist on what they believe to be their rights a much happier and More healthy state of affairs would soon prevail. Now looking at this question from the standpoint of an agriculturist and it is i believe from that stand Point my evidence is desired the reasons Why the Farmers Are riot employing one fifth of the labor they did in years past Are three fold 1 the Low value of produce \2 labor saving machinery 3 co operation by neighbors assisting each other. Ruhe first and main cause is beyond Bur control. The remedy is to be found either in a More even distribution of wealth in order to increase the pure biasing Iwers of the great mass of the people All the world Over or in decreased production either would increase the value of our productions. If the Farmers in this Colony Are to be in a position to give More employ ment under existing conditions it can Only be 1. By the capitalists and the financial institutions recognising that interest and rent at the rate As when produce was More than double its present value Means ruin to the pro Ducer. 2. By the labor organisations recognising that wages must Bear proportion to the value of produce. If the producers Are fairly met by both parties much More employment will be Given and More general Prosperity ensue. 3. By the re Moval of heavy duties on articles largely used by the producers in the prosecution of their work. 4. By stopping giving Large bonuses to the manufacturers of irate pipes and locomotives a the chief Burden of such a policy falling on the Farmer. And at the present time a partial slut Iii of the unemployed difficulty will be found in giving All classes of our producers the pastoralist the Farmer and the Small ii older the Opportunity of put Ting our Crown lands to their Best use under a system which will give Security of Possession and a reasonable Chance of return for their labors. Australasian federation league. Meeting of the committee. The provisional committee of the australasian federation league of South Australia held a meeting at the office of or. H. V. Rounsevell Selborne Chambers Pirie Street on Friday week. Or. M. F. Cavanagh presided Over a moderate Atten dance. The chairman pointed out that the gather ing had been called at Short notice to consider the. Communication from the Secretary of a similar body in Melbourne in which a fire a or a in Umrie o memo onto a to the inaugural meeting to be held in the Melbourne town Hall on wednesday evening january 23. Many members of the provisional committee were unable to attend that evening. Both messes. L. A. Jessop vice president of the chamber of Commerce and l. Grayson president of the chamber of manufactures had apologised for their absence whilst the Hon. P. P. Gilled messes. E. P. Nesbit , j. C. F. Johnson m.p., and a. Melrose were out o town. After discussion As to the advisability of appointing a. Delegate to attend the Mel Bourne gathering or. C. E. Hall suggested that the league should ask the Hon. C. C. Kingston to convey their greetings to the Melbourne meeting and express their Hearty sympathy with the objects. Finally or. A. J. Sowden moved that the Secretary write acknowledging the receipt of the letter of the victorian league and stating that the South australian league is in process of forma Tion that it has promising prospects and that at the annual Congress we Hope to be represented. Or. G. Fowler Stewart seconded the motion which was carried. On the motion of or. C. E. Hall or. F. H. Stokes was appointed to act with the chair Man in convening a meeting of the provisional committee for Friday evening next and it was decided to ask his worship to Grant the league the use of the mayor s parlor for holding the gatherings. The names of messes. L. Grayson t. Hardy and h. V. Rounsevell were added to the provisional committee. The Secretary of the chamber of manufactures wrote stating that he was directed to inform the league that at the last meeting of the general committee of the chamber messes. L. Grayson president and t. Hardy vice president were appointed to represent the chamber on the federation league which it had been decided to form. Adelaide democratic i club. Lecture by miss Spence. A lecture entitled political and social notes on America was delivered at the democratic club on sunday evening by miss c. H. Spence. Or. T. Price m.p., presided. Miss Spence began her address by saying that it was almost three years since she. Had opened her Campaign for effective voting in South Australia and after three years in which she had addressed sixty audiences in this province one Hundred in America and five in great Britain she again stood on the platform. The meeting she addressed in London consisted mainly of conservatives and Liberal unionists. When even such a Man As or. Balfour a party Leader confessed it would be Good for America and Australia to adopt proportional representation it showed he saw the conservative Side of the measure. Her visit to America had been Well timed and she had returned at a crisis. Woman s suffrage had been won Here easily but in America the Battle still went on after forty years agita Tion. If the suffrage Only meant Choice of Asih Tua Here me american women might have got it but it meant election of hosts of paid officials and of the president governor and mayor who appointed those who were not directly elected and these things men desired to keep to themselves. In America woman less needed the ballot than the ballot needed her. There were two natural parties the party of order and the party of Progress. In America the party that was out of Power declared for Progress but when it was in Power it was the party of reaction. Labor was excluded from any direct representation it was divided upon Side issues. She quoted from the judge of san Francisco to show that the populists with double the vote cast had less than half the representatives in Federal and state Legislatures two millions out of eleven millions and not a Feather weight in the councils of the nation. It was terribly difficult to initiate Radical reforms when there was this Duel Between two parties with Money and patronage at their backs and with the closest of organisation. Australians had inherited the elastic traditions of England and had a free Field for Reform. The Rev. Lloyd Jones and or. Bayard Holmes of Chicago were amazed and delighted at the things we have won Here and South Australia had led the Way in almost every instance the secret ballot which was using gradually introduced into the United oui co owner sep 01 Raur aus telegraphs telephones waterworks and the real property act the municipal vote Given to women children taken out of institutions and placed in natural Foster and a tax upon land values. To these they had since added adult suffrage for parliamentary representation Aud for three years the question of effective voting had been a live Issue among All thinking South australians. One Man one vote was not in outre Thev Hac also one woman one vote and to this let them add one vote one value and they would not Only Benefit themselves but would give an example to the civilised world. The interest Felt in Australia by All Reform parties i America was intense. From Australia Are you what about single tax says one. What about the working of the railways ? says another. How do you manage to Board out All your destitute children says a third. Could you let me know the working of the Torrens act ? says a fourth. Is it really the Case that none of your civil servants Are changed on a change of ministry How did new zealand women manage to gel the vote by petitions or other Means to these she could give reply but when asked if her system of voting was used in South Australia she had to confess that it was Only on test or trial elections and that Switzerland was the Only country in which proportional representation was an actual fact. But she believed it was coming. As for millionaire she heard enough about them but they did not invite hereto their palaces which she gazed on from outside. Only two moderate millionaires who had liveried servants and who spent half the year in Europe asked her to dinner along Vita the friends of a humbler sort whose guest she was. In the form of great railway corporations rings and trusts the plutocracy of the United states were a standing menace to Liberty. The Hope of America Lay in the Good Roten and women who were penetrated with the sense of the politic Cal evils that bad grown up under an unjust and demoralising system militant not co operative. A great Hope for America Lay in the teachers and University professors who were generally comparatively Young men. They were As a body deeply interested in social reforms. There was a great Deal of life and Progress in the Western states and much purer City government than in the older cities. Socially the atmosphere of America was much More democratic than that of England and even of Australia. All social reforms were blocked everywhere _ by what were called in the states the politicians if she had time she would have liked to sketch and describe the people she had met in her travels and in her halts such As Oliver Wendell Holmes w. L. Game Charles Dudley Warner Charles Gordon Ames. There was also one Man not an american whose acquaintance she made at Chicago Michael flu Schein whom she visited in his Swiss borne at Lugano whose name ought to be dear to All True democrats and to All friends of labor. His crisis theory was to her a great revelation it was like effective voting and was a key to open All locks. If his ideas took Root in her mind her ideas took Root in his and he advocated effective voting by voice and pen. She confessed to being a bimetal list and thought that wage earners As Well As producers would Benefit by the restoration of Silver to its old place As Money. Wages might not indeed Purchase As much but employment would be More certain and steady when Enterprise was not paralysed by a continuous fall in the value of everything produced by labor. Michael flu Schein went further still in the direction of paper warrant Money and probably he was right. _ but she did not want to identify her self with any special Reform her Reform was simply Justice All round and trod on no one s corns and injured no one s honest interests. Perhaps she might be classified As a conserva Tive Democrat. She wanted to conserve All that was Worth conserving. But she was not a conservative As wedded to the old Waye that she dared not move and trembled at any change. It was necessary at this crisis for those who knew something about women s responsibilities to begin an educational Campaign. Women should put their practical common sense into politics and their Houske Edinar prudence into finance which was the housekeeping of the nation. With regard to thin educational work she herself was willing to do her share of it. Nothing could please her More than to take just such a round of the province As she did in 1892-3, and speak to All who wished to hear and especially to the enfranchised women of the lessons Learned in the great american re Public which were so important for them to know. But there must is organisation to meet her and other lecturers half Way the old suffrage league the w.c.t.u., and the various literary societies and political clubs throughout the Colony should be All astir so that the just measure of equal rights should bring Forth As much Good As possible. The National. Defence league and the democratic club might teach each their lesson. She had watched the Progress of this province from very Early Days with both interest and anxiety and yet always with an Over mastering Hope. The meeting closed with a vote of thanks to the lecturer. Attempted suicide. On monday afternoon at about 1 o clock Ada Edge a Young woman attempted to commit suicide by throwing herself into the Torrens. John Hickey a tobacco twister was standing on the Morphett Street Bridge when he saw the woman suddenly take off her hat make a Rush and throw herself into the water. He followed and Flau fruit. Vini/1 of no virion no Nyk said i am tired of life. You Don t know what i have suffered. Leave me alone j Hickey pulled her out of the water and then gave her into the custody of a Constable. She was shivering and very wet at the time. She was taken to the lock up and was charged on tuesday morning at the Adelaide police court before messes. J. Gordon s.m., j. Eitzen a. Myers and j. Abbott with attempting to take her own life. She was committed for trial. J the various works in connection with the Happy Valley water scheme Are progressing satisfactorily. The commissioner of Public works visited the locality on Friday week and in company with the resident Engineer inspected the different scenes of activity including the Inlet and outlet tunnels and the weirs he was Well pleased with the advancement which was last on the works. J rear Admiral Bridge. Rear Admiral Cyprian Arthur George Bridge who succeeds vice Admiral Bowden Smithas naval commander in chief on the australian station has just arrived in Sydney. Admiral Bridge saw a lot of service in his youth in the brisk during the War with Russia in 1854, in the Squadron under Captain Lyons. He was present in the cutting out of merchant ships in the War at archangel and in the Reab Admiral beige. Gallant attack upon Solove ski. He was . To Captain Seymour in the Gulf of Kan Dalang. And was present in the capture of Pon Slakta and Keretz. The russians who had fired on a British Flag of truce at Hango in the Baltic also fired upon lieutenant Bridge with a Flag of truce at Solove ski but the British ships severely punished them for so doing. After the russian defeat of a Bitis Fleet under Admiral Price at Petr Paulovski in the North Pacific lieutenant Bridge accompanied the Fleet in another expedition to the stronghold which blockaded it during the rest of the War. . Pelorus in the Indian Ocean when the Indian Mutiny broke out he landed with a naval brigade and took part in the operations close to the Burmah frontiers As lord Canning anticipated a rising in Burmah. Captain Bridge served time on the australian station in command of a Man of War. He was a member of the heavy gun committee in 1878, of the War office committee on machine guns in 1879, Aud of the ordnance committee in 1881. He is also a prolific writer on naval strategy and was appointed director of naval intelligence in january 1889, and received a Good service pension in 1891. He was created a rear Admiral in 1893. The Admiral. From a sketch taken on Board the . Ballarat. State children s Council. The monthly meeting of the state children s Council was held on monday. There were present or. T. Rhodes president misses Baker Clark Howard and Spence drs. O Connell and Robertson messes. C. H. Goode and j. A. Mcpherson m.p., and the Secretary or. J. B. Whiting. The secret Aby reported that the admissions since last meeting Naa number eur i i Al Usu been received at the Industrial school 2 at the boys reformatory magi Laud 6 at the girls reformatory Edward town. The dismissals had been 12 sent to subsidy and 14 licensed for service. Amongst those placed out 12 transfers had been arranged 6 children had attained 13 yes 4 of whom had been retained in their Ole on service terms. The president in welcoming miss Spence on her return from her extended tour through America. And England remarked that he was convinced that he simply voiced the sentiments of every member of the Council when express ing the utmost pleasure in again securing her invaluable Aid in carrying out their duties. Her return to the province was an absolute gain to the less fortunate youth of the Community. The president Drew attention to a Case which occurred in the port Adelaide police court last week when 10 boys charged with stealing Wood were summarily dealt with. As the Case was heard in camera the publicity Given to the proceedings to a Large extent neutralised the object the magistrates had in View. Together with the prosecutor in the Case they simply desired that the proceedings should act As a wholesome deterrent to the Youthful culprit. He mentioned the Case at the expressed wish of the sex president or. H. W. Thompso who was one of the presiding magistrates. He thought the. Only course the Council could take was to give an expression of regret. This would be in line with their Oft expressed desire that Youthful offenders should have every Chance to improve their conduct and that they should not be unduly hampered by record be. Failures. The Secretary reported that Violet raw Linson had absconded from. The girls reformatory and owing to the praiseworthy Energy of the police she has been arrested at broken to Tell and returned to the school. Her sister had also been arrested and punished for aiding the girl to escape. The following ladies were appointed members of their respective committees ? mrs. Hornbrook of Kaunda mis. Peterson of mount Barker mrs. D. Greig and mrs. Ockenden of Willowise. Nine applications for release of children were considered three were approved one deferred four declined and in one instance it was decided to License the child Ion probation. The old Brig Phillis which at one time was the Pride of the . Line of sailing vessels has been purchased by or. Young for whaling purposes. It was originally intended to Send the vessel to Sydney and to fit her out there for her new calling but when the owner applied to the collector of customs for Liberty to Clear her for a whaling expedit i Tion he was recommended to try the local Arti flyers who were it was stated Well Able to do the. Work. The collector of customs said that he could not Clear the vessel for a whaling excursion if she was merely going to Sydney but he would do so if she made her Headquarters Here and further that she would be granted every facility for her business. The Sigf Cessions made by or. Stephens were not rejected and there is a possibility of the Industry being worked with port Adelaide tis of Imi gift of sri the Salya Tioff army. Demonstration in the town Hall. Welcome to the new chief officer. Colonel Bailey a distinguished officer of tb.6 salvation army who arrived from new Zea land on thursday week to take charge of the army in this Colony was accorded a True army Welcome by the soldiers and lasses in the evening when a great demonstration was held in the town Hall. Prior to the meeting a procession took place and the streets were crowded by spectators. met at the Corner of North Terrace soon after 7 o clock and shortly before 8 the March was begun. The contingent formed in attractive spectacle in the streets. Chinese lanterns torches and coloured lights were used to give brilliancy to the affair and the lads and lasses were attired in costumes of various descriptions and hues. At the head of the Long column a number of women dressed in Sailor costume sat in a trolly which was decorated As a Lifeboat and immediately behind came the Premier band. Then followed a company of Sailor boys and girls a party from the semaphore horsemen dressed As jockeys cavalrymen and others. Children girls in Gay costumes nurses officers in unique uniforms soldiers in Ordinary dress As Wellas others representing butchers masons Ana other tradesmen and bands brought up the rear. The musicians played throughout the tramp along King William Rundle Pulteney Grenfell and King William streets to the town Hall and the soldiers Sang at the tops of their voices. When the town Hall buildings were reached the crowd in the streets was so dense that traffic had to be temporarily suspended. A Rush was men maae for the Nau Wincn in a few minutes was packed to excess. Comr missioner Coombs accompanied by colonel and mrs. Bailey ascended the platform at about half past 8 o Olock and their appearance was the signal for a real salvation Volley of Welcome. A hymn opened the proceedings after which prayer was engaged in. Two of the lasses Sang a duet and then commissioner Coomb addressed the meeting. He expressed his pleasure at meeting a South australian army audience again and said he was present at their Farewell to colonel and mrs. Bailey in Snew zealand where they were much beloved by the members of the army and the Community generally. Colonel and mrs. Bailey were True Earnest workers for the army and he was sure they would be As popular in South Australia As they had been in new Zea land. ?. Captain Tyiee representing Thefield officers was the first to tender a Welcome to the new arrivals and his demonstrative exhibition provoked much amusement. Captain Tyler was followed by mrs. Staff Captain Matthews on behalf of the Sisters Captain Ebbage Rescue worker staff Captain Gallant Field staff and major Gilmore on behalf of the Colony War office. Commissioner Coombs said. Colonel Bailer was his chief Secretary in Canada and from there he was sent to South Africa. Four years ago he was removed to new zealand and now he had come to South Australia. In each of the places where the colonel and mrs. Bailey had been stationed their work had been eminently successful and he was sure that South australians would find in them admirable leaders and a Loving brother and sister. It was with the greatest pleasure that he handed Over the charge of the South aus -. Ralian Branch to the colonel and his Good wife and he asked the soldiers to Pray for the Success of their administration in this Colony. The soldiers of South Australia were a willing go ahead people and he was confident they a Tould assist their new chief in every Way when you know the colonel and. His wife As Well As i do said commissioner Coombs you will love them just As much an observation which provoked applause. The colonel and mrs. Bailey were welcomed by the firing Naf three volleys. ? mrs. Bailey said _ her heart was much touched by the heartiness of the Welcome. There was something in the firing of that Volley said she that made me feel As if i were shaking hands with All of you at once and i feel that i know you All now and that you will All help us loud applause followed and the lady then proceeded to speak on the value of salvation army work. She created Ai ? very deep impression by her evident Earnest Ness. Colonel Bailey was accorded a Hearty Wel come and he said to a certain extent they were being taken on credit by the people of South Australia but he hoped their career in the Colony would justify such an action. Commissioner. Coombs asked the audience to stand and commit the colonel and mrs. Bailey to god and prayer was then engaged in. ?. A number of converts responded to the Call to approach the platform and the proceedings then took the form of an Ordinary meeting of the army. ? the late Rev. J. Ward. A correspondent writes the friends of the Federal Assembly s aboriginal. Mission Maroon North Queensland will regret to hear of the death of the Rev. J. Ward the Able and devoted missionary which took place. On january 3. Telegrams announcing the sad event have been received from mrs. Ward and from the Hon. Or. T out Las. Alifi government resident at thursday Island who has All along manifested a great interest in the Mission. But the most touching communication of All was one sent by Telegram by or. Ward him self to the committee in Melbourne on the Day before his death in which i anticipating the Issue of his illness fever he said the lord bless you All the lord Prosper this own work or. Ward was a Man. Who will be greatly missed and whom it will be difficult to replace. He was a Man of a Fine Bright spirit sagacious Aud energetic and he was exerting a salutary influence upon the wild aborigines of that Region. The seamen who escaped from the wreck of the Kanab Boka last year ascribed the preservation of to Weir lives to the kindness of the natives who had. Been under the influence of or. Ward at Maroon. About eighteen months ago or. Ward visited Adelaide and produced a most favourable impression Ohall who met him. His loss will Joe most keenly Felt. The Mel Bourne committee Are however endeavouring to get suitable person to go to the station to put things in order until a permanent. Appointment can be made. Licensed victuallers1 association. / the committee of the licensed Victualler association held their monthly meeting at their rooms lome Chambers. On thursday week. Nine members of the committee attended under the presidency of or. J. Lem. F. Roberts. Various correspondence having been dealt with four new full members were admitted and one was proposed for the next meeting. The secret aet reported that about half the petitions Issei we Nurl been re turned and he was instructed to write to those who had hot sent in their returns to do so with out delay. The beside it reported that the executive had sought the Aid of the solicitor in defending or. H. Duncan against a charge of having a door leading to his bar not shut on a sunday. This was the Case in which a spy had been engaged by the police and sent to the hotel to Board and Lodge for a week for the purpose of gaining a conviction for sunday trading the said spy representing himself As a stranger and giving a false name. A great Deal of Public feeling had been expressed at this Mode of procedure on the part of the police. The president also referred to the Case of or. Caple in which a departure was made from the usual custom of engaging counsel for the prosecution. In this Case the. Crown prosecutor was engaged for the prosecution and the defendant jihad to pay his costs when a Small Fine would have met the Case. The Sec easy reported that a mortgage of �130 had been paid off and a Resolution was carried placing �200 at the disposal of the trustees for investment the deaths were reported of two members messes. C. J. Farrow and William Garret and the Secretary was instructed to Forward letters of condolence to their widows. A member had submitted his lease and correspondence in reference to the Price of Beer cd red by his Brewer. The Secretary was instructed to reply conveying the opinion of the committee. Are Ortof underselling in the City was handed in and it was decided that the executive should investigate the Case and reply. A cleanliness a text to Job piss to. But at what coat is this cleanliness Man v people often at die Cost Tutta to Fetui the result of uie use to ii item is a. To insure a Good healthful Sydn feint � Henys be used t a ? my a

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