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Adelaide Mail Newspaper Archives Nov 8 1952, Page 1

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Adelaide Mail (Newspaper) - November 08, 1952, Adelaide, South AustraliaNational Library of Australia rubber car hats 45 1 33 22/6 a. 4/ postage rubber stores of . 47 Lawler place. 186 bundle St. 26 Bank 8t Cool smoking Monarch cigarettes 3/2 packet of 20 wholesale agents 1 Cornell limited 122 Pirie St Adelaide Penney reveals atom blasts secrets London Sot More than 300 electronic devices used by scientists of the Monte Bello atom tests had Given civil defence authorities some accurate answers to problems of Public safety in on atomic attack sir William Penney said last night. In a nation wide broadcast the famous scientist for the first time revealed other secrets of Britain s first atomic weapon explosion on october 3. Sir William Penney Saia As a scientist he strongly supported or Churchill s statement that the results of the British atomic Wea Pon program should be beneficial to Public safety. Civil defence authorities of Britain Ladly needed More data about atomic explosions and the test was accordingly planned to get As much new information As possible. Sir William said the decision was made to explode the weapon in a ship moored near land thus simulating an explosion in a port the ship was equipped with a scientific trans mitting station to Send out by radio a vast number of measurements about the nuclear explosion before the equipment was Des troyed More scientific apparatus was placed on the islands to record other Phenomena such As blast heat and radio activity anxious moments7 or. Penney added at a very Early stage it was decided to conduct the trial As a military operation and in May last year Admiral Torresse was appointed to work with me and we prepared a detailed plan. An elaborate trial could not be completed without some anxious moments. Fortunately there were not Many of them but the night before do Day was perhaps the worst. In order to get the right winds at the time of the explosion we had to choose a period of Strong winds for both do Day and for d Day. We got the Strong winds All right the winds were so Strong we were not sure the boats could get the scientists round the islands to make the final adjust ments of their instruments. The Navy and marines Rose to the occasion and the work was completed with nothing worse than a lot of wet shirts. Fire clock started even an hour before the weapon went off we were anxious to see if the forecast boys were going to prove accurate. In fact their predictions were absolutely right. With much Relief the fire clock was started. I was on the flight deck of the naval ship Campa Nia and with the ships company faced away from the explosion As the last few seconds were counted Over the Loudspeaker i suddenly there was an intense lash visible All round the horizon. We turned to look. The sight before our eyes was terrifying a great greyish Black Cloud being hurled thousands of feet into the air and in creasing in size with astonishing rapidity. A great sandstorm Sud Denly sprang up Over the islands. It seemed Ages before we heard the bang but in fact it was Only a minute. Felt suction seconds later we were surprised to hear a second bang but there was a simple explanation for it. The first was the direct sound wave the second a reflection from a layer of warm air some two Miles up. Soon after the explosion we Felt a Peculiar sensation in our ears such As one has in an aircraft losing height rapidly. We were feeling the suction which always Fol lows a blast. All the time the Cloud was getting higher and assuming fantastic shapes As it was pulled about by the Strong winds at Dif Ferent altitudes kept Cloud Down Many comments have been made on the shape of the Cloud. It was Dif Ferent from the mushroom shaped Cloud with a thick stalk seen in newspaper photos of the american explosions the great weight of mud and water on top kept the Cloud at Monte Bello from rising just Over two Miles above the the Experiment went according to plan and scientific records were completed continued on Page 4 a bomb test claimed los Angeles sat the los Angeles examiner today printed a letter purporting to be an eyewitness account of a Hydrogen bomb explosion. According to the news paper s science editor Clausen the test la 4c place on a Small atoll in the eniwetok group recently the Date of the test was not Given. It is Likely Clausen wrote the tremendous unparalleled Force of the a bomb the world s first vaporized into Gas and dust the atoll a Hall mile vide and three Miles Long. On which the detonation took place the eyewitness account of the explosion the Exa Miner said was furnished by a los Angeles resident who received a letter from a Friend at the atomic Energy commission s Paci ii proving grounds Orange Ball the blast the letter writer said was viewed it trough dark glasses and appeared like a huge Orange Ball which grew larger and brighter until it appeared As if no dark glasses were there at All intense heat was Felt almost immediately the writer continued. He said the Ball of fire started to Rise and slowly lose its intensity. We took off our glasses and saw water vapor Sud Denly form round the column. Then it rushed into the base of the column and up Clearing the air so you could see countless tons of water Rushing skyward. The column went up. ? d up and finally Mush roomed. About three min utes later the report like a nearby Cannon shot hit lift and was followed by several seconds of Dull rumbling. Stood in Awe then the mushroom expanded into a free Halo growing with Tornado like Speed and reaching nearly Over our ship before it appeared to cease growing All we could do was stand there and gasp in amazement and Awe at the enormous size and Force released before us Trade Cut May go Canberra. Sat dras tic import restrictions imposed in March would probably be relaxed in february senior ministers said today. They said the dramatic improvement in Australia s overseas Trade balance would make this possible. In october Australia had a favourable Trade balance of almost �40 million com pared with a deficit of nearly �55 million in october last year. Ministers expect further striking improvements in the next three months. The government would then be Able to relax import cuts. Best dressed cowhand at the big Roundup at elder Park this afternoon Carol Kuhn 7, of Unley and Robert Sincock 3, he s hop along Cassid of Findon. Occasion was the Adelaide children s Hospital fete. Both won prizes. Robert collected a new mount a three Wheeler Carol got a sleeping doll. Fears for polio victim son born a 33-year-old polio victim is in Royal Adelaide Hospital in a serious condition after having Given birth to a son yesterday. She is mrs. Patricia Waudby of Central mount wedge station 150 Miles from Alice Springs. On thursday she was removed from an Iron lung at Northfield infectious diseases Hospital and taken to Royal Adelaide Hospital where doctors performed a caesarean operation. The baby was reported today to be in Good health. Immediately after the operation mrs. Waudby was put Back in an Iron lung. Today doctors at the Hospital performed a tracheotomy an incision to the Windpipe to enable her to breathe. Mrs. Waudby was flown from Alice Springs on october 10 in a specially chartered plane. During the flight she was in an Iron lung and the Pilot had medical instructions not to exceed 1,500 it. When she arrived at Par afield on october 10, mrs. Waudby met her 22 year old son whom she had not seen for five months. He has been staying with relatives a Adelaide. Poisoned by disinfectant Beryl Manning 39, fac tory hand of Wirley Street Largs Bay died in Royal Adelaide Hospital today shortly after she was admitted suffering from the effects of having swallowed a Quantity of disinfectant police have Over. Told she had been depressed for some time. Sydney hit swept by icy gales Sydney Sot Hail rain and gales lashed Sydney with sudden fury tonight. The storm blanketed houses with sheets of ice ripped off roofs and flooded streets and houses Over turned dozens of yachts in the Harbor flattened Gar Dens and stripped fruit Trees. The fierce thunderstorm hit the City at 6.5 p.m., with torrents of rain and Hail. Fifteen minutes later wind reached 59 . At mar Oubra. Hail smashed in four sets of headlight windows in a House and the Hail swept into a bedroom and Cov ered the floor inches deep in ice. Huts smashed Hail As big As Cricket balls at Windsor smashed through Fibre huts occupied by air Force trainees. Many trainees were Cut about the face and arms. The Hail shattered hundreds of windows and buried Beds in ice at Richmond near Sydney. Richmond police de scribed the storm As the worst they had Ever seen. Hail Cut crops in the District to pieces. Big port paralysed London. Sat Rotter dam one of Europe s main ports was paralysed today by the wreck of the 6,000 ton panamanian ship faustus. It is lying across the in trance of the Harbor and heavy seas have completely submerged the ship. The faustus pounded by heavy seas Early yesterday lurched right through the breakwater mole and can aground. The Crew was rescued. Barges stopped attempts were made to re float the faustus but the ship Sank across the main Channel. Several ships Are now lying in heavy seas out Side the Harbor Entrance waiting to enter while ships inside Are unable to leave. Rhine Barge traffic for which Rotterdam is one of the biggest outlets is also at a standstill. The storm which has swept the continent since Friday blew ships ashore in Britain killed two Chil Dren and damaged Many Bui dings. The wind Tore Down a 60-ft. Tree which crushed a caravan in which two children were living at Aldridge Staffordshire the winds reached More than 70 ., delayed ships sailing round Bri Tain and kept More than 100 vessels huddled close inshore. Reports from the continent said the worst Gale for years left floods fires and wreckage on land and

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