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Adelaide Chronicle Newspaper Archives Jun 17 1954, Page 14

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Adelaide Chronicle (Newspaper) - June 17, 1954, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia where the Duke will see one of the world s wonders the modern Cavemen hollow a Mountain by g. Ward Price in August the Duke of Edin Burgh will visit Canada to see some of the Dominion s latest Industrial ventures. One of the most spectacular of these is the Alcan project described Here in the heart of what three years ago was a Barren mountainous and uninhabited wilderness Canadian Enterprise and capital Are creating a vast Industry which when it comes into operation this summer will be one of the wonders of the world. It is an outstanding example of the axiom that peace has its victories As Well As War. In complexity of Supply and planning in concentration of Man Power and material the undertaking upon which the aluminium company of Canada is engaged 400 Miles to the North of Van Couver resembles nothing so much As a major Mili tary operation. A demonstration the Alcan project As it is called in Canada is a vivid demonstration of the capacity of modern engineering when directed to peaceful achievement. Less than 70 years ago aluminium though the most abundant Metal in the world s surface was As costly As Gold owing to the difficulty of its extraction. In 1886 a process was Dis covered which requires seven tons of raw materials and electric Energy equivalent to 16 tons of Coal Lor the production of one ton of aluminium. Bauxite As the Parent Ore is called is found Only in warm climates. The abundant Power required for the extraction of to Metal Content entails the shipment of the Ore to smelting plants where electricity is available at Low Cost. To meet this require ment Alcan will carry Alu Mina which is an extract i rom Bauxite produced at Mandeville Jamaica to a great source of Power which that company is creating in British Columbia. There 500 Yards deep into the solid Rock a generating Plant which May one Day be developed into the largest in the world is be ing installed in the biggest Cavern Ever made by Man. In the first phase of its development three units will produce 450,000 ., but enough space has been hollowed out of the Moun Tain to accommodate five More units making a total capacity of 1,120,000 Later on. As the world de Mand for aluminium in creases the Power capacity of this installation can be raised to 2,200.000 This Power Plant is one of the largest Ever to be erected underground. It would tie Invulnerable to any kind of bomb even without the Protection of radar screens that shelter it against any attack from the North. Water Power Phe source of its Energy is a connected Chain of Mountain lakes. 140 Miles Long. At one end of this a 300-ft. High dam has been erected in such a Way that the outlet of the penned up water is restricted to a ten mile Tun Nel. This will carry the flow to Penstock or pipes 11 it. In diameter stretching Down to the Valley at an Angle of 48 degrees. They will feed the turbines in stalled at Kemano. Which stands at the head of a deep water Channel Navi Gable by coastal vessels. To drive in a heavy lorry along the lofty 10-mile Tunnel that has been drilled and blasted out of the solid Mountain at the rate of 30 it. A Day is an eerie experience. The galleries with which the Rock of Gibraltar was honeycombed during the last War provide a similar underground tour but on a much smaller scale. Tie Climax of wonder is reached on entering the huge chamber hollowed out at the foot of the pen stocks where the Power generators Are being set up. A Cathedral could be built inside it with space to spare. It is 700 it. Long with possibility of expansion to 1,100 it. Its height is 135 it. But the provision of Power is not the Only prob Lem of the production of aluminium. Its further requirements Are space for a Large smelting Plant and living accommodation for thousands of employees and those who Cater for them. Though Kemano can fur Nish electricity the narrow 10-mile Gorge at the head of which it stands was clearly unsuitable As an Industrial Centre. Bold Plant of overcome this difficulty another bold plan was devised. It was the transportation of the Power generated at Kemano to the More spacious port of Kitimat 50 Miles away Over the mountains. For this purpose a series of overhead towers has been set up crossing the Peak Between Kemano and Kitimat at a height of 5.300 it. Would the Metal pylons supporting the two Inch Cable with stand the weather of a sub Arctic Winter flying Over this pass recently. I saw the pylons rising from deep Snow drifts. The Crews who supervise the Power line still have to dig Down through the Snow to reach the Entrance to their huts. Yet even the most exposed of the 307 standards that carry the Cable have with stood a Winter in which the temperature has sunk As Low As 50 degrees below Zero Fahr. In taming this wilderness the secret of Alcan s Success has been the utilisation of modern scientific methods. It is estimated that some $275,000,000 which is about �100,000,000 Sterling will have been spent on this single Branch of Alcan s j activities before the new smelter at Kitimat turns out its first ingot of Alu minium. Mixed races its aim this year is to achieve an annual capacity of 90,000 tons which will ultimately be raised to 500,000 tons. Until february 1951, the entire population of Kiti mat consisted of 300 indians living in a Village of wooden shacks. They earned their living by trap Ping and fishing. Now Many of their Young men form part of the mixture of nationalities and races employed by the Alu minium company. Kitimat numbers at pre sent about 2,700 inhabitants the great majority of them men of whom some have brought their families. The township of 300 inhabitants three years ago is expected ultimately to reach the figure of 50,000. Kemano on the other hand though it is the heart and Dynamo of the project will rapidly decline in population As soon As the Power station begins to function. Its maximum total of inhabitants has been 6.000, but by next autumn Only 300 persons including women and Chil Dren will remain. Alcan has used the most up to Date mechanical de vices. Cranes lifting 225 tons each have been brought by Barge up the narrow fjord at the head of which Kemano stands. They then have been trans ported along roads of which some 300 Miles in All have been constructed and have finally been erected in the Long tunnels driven into the Rock. Air Survey r n the precipitous slopes outside overhead cables carry loads of 20 tons up and Down the face of the Mountain. For the initial Survey of the area helicopters were employed and Are still there for other Pur poses. For special jobs such As work on sunday or Over time and for certain hazardous and technical operations men draw As much pay As eight dollars an hour which is close to �3 Sterling. Some employees have brought their wives and families with them. We Are taking nothing out of British Columbia except water Power which would otherwise have run to waste said one of the leading Alcan officials. On the contrary we Are creat ing Here the expansion of a great and growing Indus try which will be a Valu Able addition to the re sources of Canada Post Hole digging at its lowest Cost the Mobil co Post Hole Digger with electric Post Borer gives re a a i you really Low Cost fencing. With it one Many / \ s k digs 30 clean Clear holes per hour 2 feet pad a Cut of a inches deep and 6 to 12 inches in diameter. Ujj Jui of jj5ife3 Here s a machine which is easy to handle and in a �ji&7 which operates at very Low Cost. 7 b.., h i i i 4-stroke engine. Guaranteed for 6 la Ditc Klaw cad Dadt Ifill add fit tue set hmm Simk burbs mar Tiki i c mud run Rak i i Vlak or i no we Wiik Imp few Fri Mobil co Post Hole Digger Mobile Industrial equipment Ltd. 43 Halifax Street Adelaide ? phone c 1697 head office 410-416 Whitehorse Road Mitcham Vic phone we 1081 9 lines branches ? Sydney Brisbane Perth Launceston agents ? All main towns in Australia 14 the chronicle june 17, 1954. We sum Bjk measles need careful watching and nursing it thought he i was getting a bad cold said mrs. Tenfold in explanation As we walked from trip front door to the sickroom where her nine year old son awaited inspection. Mon head running june 7 nose and eyes she added and then got a dry cough. And. Of course he had. And still has a temperature. I be kept him in bed. When i went to Bathe him this morning she concluded As we reached the door i noticed his skin was Reddish at the roots of his hair and behind his ears. Since i i Ang you up he s gone red round his Mouth and Over his Cheeks when i examined the lad. The rash showed on his Chest and Over his Shoul Ders. Measles i told the Mother. Hell be covered before tomorrow How Long will it last she asked. The rash May Start to fade from above Down wards As it came in two or three Days i told her. Meanwhile keep him warm in bed in a ventilated room. Put a warm dressing gown Over his shoulders if he does t keep them under the clothes. And by the Way. I think Well turn his bed round so that he does t face the Light. The eyes Are usually affected in measles. Bathe them night and morning and put the swabs in the incinerator. Let me know if there is any discharge How about diet asked his Mother. Light and fluid for the next couple of Days i told her but a Liberal one As soon As he starts convalescence. You can give him heaps of water to drink mrs. Tenfold accompanied me to the Gate when the visit was Over. Measles in t really a serious disease is it she asked As she said goodbye. It must not be under estimated i warned her. It wants careful watching and nursing. Let me know if there is any sign of com plications in the Chest the ear. The Eye or anywhere else. Anyway i la drop in again in two or three Days but get in touch if you want i certainly will said mrs. Tenfold. Of she added suddenly How about baby she s Only two and a half months old. Of dear. I Hope she does t get it too poor Little mite you need t worry unduly so Long As you be had measles yourself at some stage i replied. The baby s blood carries Over immunity from the Mother up to three months. It starts to disappear from then up to the eighth month Early Winter to Spring is measles time. ? one of these Days ii i m going to write a Book entitled the unknown men who saved Mankind said the senior physician at after noon Tea in the Honor Aries room today. To pc i think he ucj., fees a Cen june 8 Tenary com ing Over him whispered the ear nose and Throat Bloke audibly. Your diagnosis is Cor rect said the senior physician though i should doubt whether you will Ever have heard of the person concerned. I refer to Emil von Behring your diagnosis is Cor rect too said the in and t Bloke cheerfully. I la bite. What s his claim to Fame he merely discovered and introduced the use of Antitoxin and showed the world the beginnings of serum treatment replied the senior physician add ing that Behring was born in 1854 and died during world War one. Of yes Well vote for him to go into your Book said the in and t Bloke. One Way and another he d have saved a million lives make it millions suggested the senior physician. A Well said the in and t Bloke Philosophi Cally the human race is an ungrateful lot. We rarely erect statues to those who look after us. Oddly enough there is a tendency to glorify those who Knock us about ? f of Don t know Whei ther you la think i m silly coming to see you about it said Henry Thywell half nervously As he sat Down in the patient s chair in the surgery tonight. Win lately. I vewhu., had a ten june 9 d e n c y to belch particularly after meals. I be tried one or two stomach reme Dies but it still goes on. I thought i might have too much Gas or something Cross examination and overhaul showed nothing amiss with Henry. In most cases i told him a burp or a belch is merely a return of air which has been swallowed. The Healthiest babies do it and the Mother sometimes helps by holding the child across her shoulder and patting it on the Back i m a bit big for that said Henry apologetically. Quite i said hastily. In the adult it s associated mostly with a certain amount of nervousness and or a full stomach even an Over full one. Well i must say i m troubled most after meals especially dinner he agreed. And i suppose you d say that i m a fairly nervous person having meals before which or at which you May be emotionally upset also increases the ten Dency i told him. I advised him to eat a Little less and to eat it slowly and also to do what he could to avoid having a meal when he was excited or angry. If he does t improve he is to come Back for further investigation. ? t m sure All this sport i can t be Good for them sighed mrs. Per Well As we left the room of her 22-year-old son in bed with a very bad cold. Rurik a the son is an thukb., ardent foot june 10 Bailer who plays solidly in the week end and trains three or four nights a week. He also plays Tennis and hockey whenever he gets the Chance. It s Good for them in reason i said. I was Reading the other Day that sportsmen did t live As Lon As others said mrs. Ferrell. I Don t think that s so i replied. Sportsmen keep themselves fit or should do during the time of their sporting activities. Some of them let themselves go to seed a bit when they drop out but their physique generally remains Good do you think they live longer than other people then asked mrs. Ferrell. I be never seen any figures to support a state ment that they have a longer or Shorter life than the average person i an swered. Longevity de pends in considerable measure on our ancestors providing we keep our selves reasonably healthy somebody recently did a Survey on the longevity of Cambridge sportsmen As compared with Cambridge men who were intellectuals not participating in sport. There was no Evi Dence that the sporting group died any earlier than the other group. If any thing showed up from the research it was that heavily built men did t have As Good a Chance of living till late years As the lightly built. The following extracts on sport and exercise Are taken from this week s Reading _. Medical fri., journal to june 11 the question june ii whether sportsmen or intellectuals live longer the answer appears to be that there is very Little in it Rook there now seems to be general agreement that strenuous exertion has no immediate ill effect on the Normal heart Lynd there Are finer things in life than playing games but if there were no games to play would More people do finer things i doubt it Clendening four people out of five Are More in need of rest than exercise Palmerston the Best thing for the inside of a Man is the outside of a horse names in ibis diary fictitious aborigine Singer is London hit London. A hand some girl from Cairns Queensland has become the first aborigine to break into by time show business in Britain. She is miss Georgia Lee who has Sung on radio and in night clubs in Sydney and Melbourne and has now signed a contract with leading band Leader Geraldo As his featured vocalist for a year. Geraldo predicts a big future for the 30-year-old by Norman Hunter contralto who has already made a big impression with her singing of blues and popular modern songs. The contract carries a High salary and the right to do outside radio and television work and to make Solo recordings. It will mean that she will sing at jazz concerts in cabarets on appearances throughout England and possibly in a stage show built around Geraldo. Miss Lee s Mother was a full blooded aborigine and her father a Torres Strait islander she began pub Lic singing with her Sisters in a radio Trio which Sang for the troops. After the War she went i to Sydney and worked As i a sorter and Packer in a i laundry until she got a i break in radio cabaret and i jazz concerts. During this i time she alternated blues i singing in night clubs with i singing lessons in the a i tonal opera school. I a shift to Melbourne i brought her More radio i and night club engage ments and she arrived in London late last year after a three months stay sing ing in Ceylon. After a stage appearance and a two weeks season at the Astor club in Berke Ley Square came her successful debut with Geraldo at the Royal festival Hall jazz concert. Miss Lee said she was thrilled at her new con tract and the singing opportunities she would get. Geraldo said her voice was the smoothest and most unusual Britain had heard for Many years and predicted great popularity. The aborigine girl from North Queensland has an envied place in the dance band world and seems cer Tain of a Bis Success. Left to right Geraldo miss Georgia Lee and bbl producer David Miller at the jazz concert at the Royal festival Hall London where miss Lee made her debut with Geraldo s orchestra

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