Page 4 of 13 Mar 1945 Issue of Adelaide Advertiser in Adelaide, South-Australia

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Adelaide Advertiser (Newspaper) - March 13, 1945, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia Tower s now Liberty res. C1778. . Present Clark Gable Joan Crawford. I n Stianche cargo a air Coda toned. Roar Maura. Metro it cbsz2. A Miyer tract. Irene Dunne. A Guy named Joe a i it Jailer b Majestic so c2366 4? pm .,j,?n.l2fjtionj a Britton ? san Diego i love you a pins Donald Wood in _ i. To. Sailor to. Rusay double did Emnott Witiw 10. 1.15, 4.30, Oswo. To Tom Walla. Francoise Kosay. The Halfway House Apins sing neighbor. Sing g. We Etc now to it i j at 10.a. 1.25. In to. 4m Asim. The classic at All screen classics. Kelson Eddy. Susanne k Sukk phantom of the opera a. Jon to s toph a melt. Aim cosh a Man. Friday sent Mifflan Jim a. ? theatre Royal Israr reservations. ? phone c1371. 7j Dorothy Lamott Betty Ujj Irrma. The Fleet s in also Claudette Colbert Ray Molland. Sex Park Hotts Regent a a showing at . 1.30. 4.55. Tai. Gss99. Re loved her enough to kill. Her i the lodges a starring Laird Cregar Merle Oberon. George ganders. Plus Phil Baker in take it or leave it. Wakefield Powell Riding blab Orel Flot the common Tonch a. Vogue Joan Fontaine Jase Eyre a butt Broa Hita cum o. Tow Arom to. Ood a country and the woman. Wayne Morris Pat o Brien Joan blon fell o. Kid from a Alcomo. Col. Light . Ann Miller in army musical 01. Hey. Rookie Tom Neal in g two Man submarine. Ozone tonight. A Lekko and far stat tub thousands aide Stoit. . William Gentt a. Take it big Jack Haley 01. A first. Moloo Community singing to 7.30. Cry havoc Margaret Sullivan a. He diddle diddle. Dennis o Peele. Glenelg cheer. Ail-3tar cast. No free list. Shorts. Goodwood. Cj66s.theodora goes wild Irene Damn g. One might of love Grace Moore co. Marry Atville. cheer. Aji Star cast o. No free ust. Busses Row. Julie Bishop a. Port Adelaide. Jlss7.clive or India. Ranald Caiman al. Hot spot. Betty Oracle al. No sect blur Long. Show Start 730. Rats of Obruk. Grant Taylor o. Up in Mabel s room. Is Nils o Keefe al. Semaphore j?44l.cllve of India. Ronald Colman al. Hot spot. Betty Oracle Ai. Tutu or Mit Hollywood cavalcade Alice Kyre co i. Hudson s Bay. Paul Muil 101. in pictures advertisements Are al denotes for adult exhibition and g denotes for general exhibition. Dancing on Page 7 miscellaneous Ajla. Pen friends companions your Deal Yon a find whichever you de sire by joining Adelaide s Papular Friend ship club registered i. I specialise in pen friends. Don t be lonely. Just write to Box 344 c. 0.p.0, Adelaide for particulars. ? a widow 52, wishes meet a respectable sober prot. Man. Friendship club. Aud thyran girl. 35, sport and slim wishes correspond with gent for Friendship club. A Tali country girl 19, desires Cit Ypen Friend. Friendship club. write Kay. Co this " office. Expert enquiry agent 20 years exp Renee open for engagement. Your Chance this office. F pm Tubman 44, Tan refined in Good position wishes to meet smart attractive lady or widow no tie View companionship. First instance. Box 1064. . Lady Middle aged like acquaintance same. Hope Rull this office. Veat. Small widow wishes to meet Sreu -11 to do Farmer or business gent., City or country. Collect thursday. Wldow42. This Offley piano theory taught. Fares to be , this office. Smart widow like meet gent., about 62.Good company Means and Home pref. So Clau. This office. Smart8.8. Meet same place thursday at 7.20. Frank. But be lonely Uin re feeling Uke w yourself. Ii to easy to get in touch with your Ideal. I can arrange a Happy Friendship. Jill cattle. Discreetly. Per Fonal introductions or pen friends. Bar Era Lane. In. Service. Box 1064, go. The advertiser Adelaide tuesday March 13, 1945. Germany pays Germany says Field marshal Montgomery which has brought misery to millions is now paying the full Price for her an obvious remark perhaps and Little calculated although coming from so eminent a Soldier to throw much Light on the military Situa Tion. But since this is a totalitarian War and for the germans especially every speculative Dis Cussion of the present crisis turns quite As much on the enemy s Domestic affairs As on the course of his Frontier campaigns. If it be literally True that the master race is at last paying in full for Germany s monstrous crimes the question arises How Long any coun try can be expected to endure such a fearful ordeal and maintain even the semblance of cohesion and resistance. It could fee argued of course that the victims of Ger Man ruthlessness in the occupied countries were Able for years to withstand the horrors of enslave ment and starvation and that As was evident on a Day their will to resist was substantially unimpaired. But the Peoples of these states had already suffered Mili tary defeat nor would they have had the least Prospect of revolting successfully against then oppressors in the absence of the arrival of the Allied armies of liberation. Their feat of endurance was mainly passive German tenacity is being subjected to a More searching test. Hitler still demands of his faithful people that they should exhibit the will to fight As Well As the will to suffer. It is a demand which the germans Are no longer particularly eager to obey if the sentiments of the inhabitants of the conquered Rhineland Are rightly interpreted. But the nazis if never destined now to be the masters of Mankind Are undoubted masters of the Art of despotism wherever their writ can be made to run and it is still believed that the germans of the inner fortress Are too much cowed by the Gestapo to be at All Likely to attempt any organised revolt. They will go on paying the full Price until the arrival of an Allied army places them behind the lines or until everything German is involved in a sudden final collapse. The variety of the current sur Mises shows How impossible it is to guess either How or when the end will come. The military Situa Tion of the Reich now that the a is Are across the Rhine could hardly be worse. Even Hitler con cedes that we have some reason to be drunk with and still the Allied armies on the one hand and the russians on the other bite deeper and deeper into German territory and the effects of our air offensive grow More and More devastating. As explaining Germany s remarkable endurance of a bombing Campaign that Long since became almost incredibly destructive it used to be argued that the Allied estimates of the damage done were too optimistic. Squadron Leader Alan Morris of the photo graphic interpretation Section of bomber command who has been inspecting Cologne and other targets now in the hands of our troops affirms on the contrary that ground observation reveals More rum than was Esti mated from Aerial photographs. We tended he says to under estimate sometimes by 10 or 15 per cent Cologne covered an area of about three thousand three Hun dred acres and the fact is now established that on More than two thousand acres of this total the demolition was Complete. Sixty five German towns have been shattered More or less to the same extent and it has been proved to demonstration that the germans Are quite powerless to prevent the steady and remorseless maintenance of this Campaign of destruction which even in the absence of invasion would certainly be fatal to their country or to any other country in the Long run. The total damage suffered in England from bombs says Squadron Leader mor Ris does not equal the damage done to the one German port of Hamburg. To say. That Germany s situation is desperate therefore is to put it mildly. Every Day during which she maintains a hopeless and agonising struggle. Is something of a minor Miracle. An illusion there is no australian taxpayer who will not Echo the commentary exacted from the president of the South australian taxpayers association or. Arnold Moulden by or. Coif key s airy announcement of the indefinite continuance of the inflated and eminently burdensome tax rates imposed on us for the purposes of the War. It is horrify ing to find the treasurer so utterly unconcerned and so ready to proceed upon the Assumption that taxation will never again be lower and May even Rise higher than it is today. If there has been one Hope that has sustained the victims of or. Chifley s wartime taxation. It has been the Hope of substantial Relief with the. Return of peace. People have struggled on complaining As Little As May be and cherishing the belief mat. After the War although the need for heavy taxation might continue the crush ing imposts of the past few years would disappear. Or. Chifley de clares in effect that this expectation of a return to More or less moderate taxation is an illusion. The present Federal government being habituated to the Light hearted expenditure of countless millions on the prosecution of the War seems intent on carrying the same sort of financial manage ment into the Post War period and As or. Moulden remarks even the treasurer has quite forgotten his oven incontrovertible dictum that social services like every other governmental function and activity must be paid for in hard Cash out of somebody s the depth of the average taxpayer s pocket is not illimitable after All whatever May be said of his patience. Role of research in productivity need for increased efficiency in management Industrial leadership must be scientific is the Point emphasised in this further article prepared by the Industrial committee of the Institute of Public affairs in Victoria and South Australia. Increased efficiency in management and the need for greater expenditure on research in Industry Are advocated As measures to increase Industrial productivity. In previous articles it was maintained that the output and wages of the australian worker could be substantially in creased by relating directly nos re Ward to his contribution that is. To the amount and Quality of the work he performs. Here is to be found at least part of the secret of the great efficiency of american Industry and also of the rapid development of modern Industrial technique in Russia without which its people must have quickly succumbed before the Early massive German onslaughts. But although the output of the individual worker can be raised through the provision of adequate monetary and other incentives to maximum Effort it also depends to a major degree on the Quality and kind of the technical instruments or tools of production with which he has to work. In fact the overriding reason for differences in Industrial productivity Between the nations is to be found in the volume and efficiency of the Capi Tal equipment which they possess in relation to their respective populations. The output of the american worker is relatively High largely because he has More and better machines and technical equip ment to assist him in his work. The soviet government has been Able to raise impressively the con do tons and standards of the rus Sian people because it has provided the workers in farms and factory with the production tools which they formerly lacked. The Indian worker produces an insignificant result for his efforts because be has practically no capital equip ment to Aid among the Many influences governing the accumulation of technical and mechanical aids to production three Are outstanding in importance first the Quality of the managements which preside Over the fortunes and direct the operations of Industry second the extent and nature of scientific and technical research and third the economic and financial policies of the state. Of the three the third is probably first in order of con sequence because state policy impinges so directly and forcefully on the other two. In this article Brief consideration will be Given to the related matters of Industrial management and research. The task of increasing the worker s output and reducing costs through the provision of More and More effective aids to production is a Large part of the province of the Industrial Man Ager. What then is the relative Standard of Industrial manage ment in Australia and How can it be raised Australia s disadvantages in the Quality of its Industrial management Australia is at a disadvantage in comparison with the older and larger Industrial nations because of the obvious fact that its Industrial Struc Ture is both Young and Small there is no doubt that we have suffered severely in the past and probably suffer to some extent in the pre sent from a shortage of experienced industrialists and business managers of the highest class. Too few in the ranks of our managers have had the close experience in the difficult specialised trades and industries necessary to the most effective Industrial generalship. Too few also have had the wider knowledge and education of Industry in its Many phases which except in the Case of very exceptional individuals alone gives that broader Industrial comprehension and vision needed for initiating and successfully controlling larger scale projects. As australian Industry Mas developed and increasing numbers of our business executives have gained experience of Industry in overseas countries this drawback has been reduced. At the outbreak of War there were in this country a num Ber of larger industries and efficient distributing establishments which were monuments to the courage and High business and intellectual capacities of australian management. The sending of prospective managers to gain experience and to study at first hand conditions in overseas countries is a policy that has always paid the Best dividends and is one that could be profitably pursued on a much larger scale in the future. Industry must depend to a very great extent for its Supply of first rate managers on the educational system. Anything done to improve this system and to Widen the opportunities of higher cultural scientific and technical instruction will tend to increase the flow of potential business and Industrial leaders. There May still be truth in the idea that competent Busi Ness men Are bom and not made but if so it is certainly much less True under modern conditions than it has been in the past. It is possible that the organisation of business particularly at the higher Levels or direction May be such As to make it difficult for Many of special ability and qualifications to exert their proper influence on Industrial policy. There is a tendency for the dividing line Between the executive staff and factory workers and technicians to be too sharply drawn and in turn for the Gap Between the higher managerial posts and boards of directors to be too difficult to Bridge. Exceptional ability wherever it exists whether in factory or office should be More consciously sought out and encouraged. J the common accusation that boards of companies include Many Guinea pig directors without expert knowledge or even general understanding of the Industry s affairs has. However very Little Force in this country. An unbiased Survey of the personnel of the boards of Many of our leading companies will reveal that the great majority of their members Are either specialists in one or other aspects of the business or actually hold full time executive posts. Hie highly scientific and technical conditions of modern Industry do however make it Desir Able that special technical experience and qualifications should assume greater weight in the future in determining the Constitution of company boards. This is not to say that there should not be a place for men of the broader Type of experience and understanding. America provides certain Valu Able lessons regarding the Constitution of company boards. Here it is very general practice for boards to be made up of High ranking executives within the particular business. Directors drawn from outside Are almost invariably used in the Capa City of consultants on special aspects of the Industry for which task they possess the needed qualifications. While it May not be desirable to go As far As the United states in this respect it is beyond All question essential in the interests of National productivity that boards of australian companies should be recruited increasingly from those who have had close practical experience and expert knowledge of the Industry concerned. Research mindedness that the standards of productivity and efficiency of australian Industry after the War will depend on the Standard of managerial capacity and direction is axiomatic among other things Industrial manage ment in this country should be come More there is great need and vast ? scope for an expansion of the research activities of australian Industry. In fact this must be done if we Are to keep with Industrial developments abroad. In the past. Australia As a Young country has naturally tended to lean on the older nations in acquiring knowledge of new scientific and technical developments in Industry. But during the War the Industrial base of Australia Par Ocul arly in manufacturing has broadened greatly and has Given Rise to ambitious Hopes for the future. The time is now appropriate for our industries to become More self reliant in initiating and applying the fruits of new scientific discoveries. The United states is spending annually �70,000,000 on research compared with an expenditure in Britain on the most Liberal Esti mates of �7.000,000. Russia is spending on a scale similar to the United states perhaps even slightly greater. According to estimates made by or. Traill the director of the scientific Liaison Bureau Australia is spending on Industrial research today something of the order of �1,000,000 to �1,500,000 per year and this figure has been reached Only because of the considerable expenditure durin the War on re search directly connected with de Fence the figure has been Esti mated to be �330.000. Calculations have placed research expenditure by private Industry at roughly �120.000 annually. This is practically All attributable to a score or so of the major companies. Britain is Well awake to the seriousness of the position Man tested in these figures. During and largely As a result of the War a great revival of interest in Industrial research has taken place. A number of important reports have been published chief among which Are those of the federation of British industries the parliamentary and scientific committee and of Nuffield College attached to Oxford University. All of these statements give unqualified recognition to the need for a major expansion of research activities after the War. The report of the parliamentary and scientific com Mittee states it is now recon nosed that in the Post War period in great Britain research and its application must be on a far bolder and More imaginative scale than in the period 1919-1939. We should certainly look Forward to spending at least 10 times As much annually after the War if we Are to provide the basis without which neither our agriculture nor Industry can effectively meet the needs of the the Broad lesson for this coun try is Plain and should be acted upon. The Post War Australia must be prepared to apply scientific re search to its Industrial activities and these do not exclude the sphere of distribution which com Prises a very Large proper Tom of the whole on a scale considerably greater than anything we have previously envisaged. The flow of competent trained scientists must be increased and the facilities of technical colleges universities and research institutions expanded and Modernised. No policy for Maxi mum production will meet the needs of the future unless it takes fully into account the vital place of scientific research in modern Industry. The final article to this series to be published tomorrow a Fol Deal with ways in which govern ments can promote the improve ment and enlargement of no duct laity of Industry. Acres of elements that make life uncomfortable in Bougainville from Fred Aldridge mos Igetta March this Jungle mess of swamp mud and rain the japanese Are the easiest things the australians Are fight ing on their Southern drive in the Region of the Kuriata River. I have never seen such acres of elements that make life uncomfortable and Progress slow. In spite of it our men Are advancing and have now cleaned out practically every japanese North of the Kuriata River. There Are Miles and Miles of Corduroy track every Inch of it Laid by pioneers and natives. In other places the troops Are moving Forward through Glutinous mud. Sometimes Waist deep. They Are sleeping in water filled Foxholes. Only they Don t sleep. Hundreds of them have not worn dry clothes for weeks. The idea is to Wash out the mud at one of the Swift creeks and then put them on wet Wade through a few thous and Yards of mud and then Wash them again. All of this of course makes them angry with the japanese who Are responsible for the business. When Opportunity affords and this is often they even things up. One of the brightest features is the Quality of rations getting through 10 the Forward companies. Some times they get fresh meat bread and butter. Plus the Good supplies of i native vegetables planted by the i japanese and harvested by austra lians the diet is balanced and Ade quate. Even in bad weather the Raap Kai bombers come Over to Drod their daily Load. Most of the Forward troops get the food the same Day or Early next morning by native Carrier line. Everything is set for a drive to wards the no Gorai River. Al ready the infantry have penetrated deep into the wild country in the direction of the River. They have found Many japanese Camps hastily abandoned. In some the asses of Camp fires were still warm. Beyond the no Gorai River the japanese have Large Garden areas the main source of their rations. Indications Are that resistance in this area will be the sternest yet encountered in the Southern drive. This mos Igetta Board track As it is known is no motor drome Speed Way but it is one of the biggest factors in the successful drive by the australians Down the South coast of Bougainville. For 12 Miles from the Mouth of the Jaba River a Pioneer platoon assisted by natives Cut a track through unbelievable Jungle Laid a 10-foot Corduroy track built 12 Bridges and formed culverts every one of them capable of standing the Strain of three ton trucks. All this was done in 10 Days. The Best work of the platoon was two 40-ft. Bridges and two culverts in one Day in addition to hundreds of Yards of track. Rumours Busy in America douche to Early peace Hopes from our special representative Washington March 11. Strong rumours that peace is in eminent in Europe were circulating in Washington during the week end but Here was no indication that they had even a Semi official basis. Telephone enquiries and Public Dis Cussion revolved round reports that a big scale crack up was impending in Germany. Nobody in authority was inclined or disposed to give the reports re cognition by talking about them for publication but the general re action was that whatever happens in Germany probably will be of a strictly military nature. As far As can be determined from responsible officials the facts Are that a for Mal German surrender is not an impossibility but is the last thing the Allied leaders expect military and diplomatic experts on Ger Many expect that the enemy will break up piecemeal with resistance dragging on for weeks or months various kinds of feelers have been coming into Allied capitals from Neutral capitals for months. They Are always investigated but invariably Are found to Nave originated with unauthorised persons or per sons having no influence in Ger Many. Therefore none is Ever recognised As real peace overture. It is believed that the allies could have bad peace at any time after Germany became engaged in a defensive War against encirclement and on terms favourable to the allies except that they would have been far Short of unconditional sur Render. It is reported that the terms would have provided for the continuation of Germany As a Power Ful military state and for the Protection of the nazi leadership. Any modification of the unconditional surrender terms on these or other lines would be completely unacceptable. End in Europe american military leaders al though surprised and jubilant Over the unexpected crossing of the Rhine Are viewing the end of the War in Europe with some apprehension. For weeks they have been searching for some Way to get these truths Home to the american people that after the termination of hostilities in Europe there will be relatively few discharges from the us services 2 for hundreds of thousands of american troops there will be the swiftest possible direct Transfer from the battlefields of Germany to the Island approaches to Japan 3 some men will get furloughs but it is impossible yet to say How Many and it is not expected that the number will be great. Military circles fear that some form of War weariness will Deve lop after the first outburst of Joy Over a Victory in Europe and it is emphasised that probably it will take at least six months to Transfer the millions of men involved from Europe to the Pacific with adequate arms and supplies. There May be a period of relative quiet although the commanders will prevent that if they can in which Tfaye Public May begin to clamor for the return of troops to a i a therein will lie Japan s greatest Hope of Mode rating the effects of defeat and gaining some kind of Compromise. Authorities Are declaring bluntly that the enemy in the Pacific and Asia is militarily in a powerful Posi Tion and that America win Nave to pay a High Price for Victory. The War department s Best Esti mate is that the japanese have five million men in China. It is con ceded that the chinese in time could Muster a very effective Force against them if equipped with american arms and Given modern training but Tfaye impression Here now is that much time would be required for that and that it would not be the most effective Way to fight Japan. Apparently the idea of relying primarily on Chi Nese manpower has been heavily modified or perhaps abandoned. This would involve thousands More american casualties and months or years of separation of the men from their Homes. Lady Norrie visited Estcourt House Grange yesterday. From left or. H. Gilbert lady Norrie it col. S. Gunning the Mayoress of Henley and Grange mrs v. Harvey and mrs. W. Mitton president. . For . Officer Melbourne March 12. In a Brief ceremony at Leyte in the Philippines during the week end Gen. Sir Thomas Blarney pre seated it Gen. George c. Kenney general commanding Saaf in the far East with the insignia of me be which was awarded to him after the successful new Guinea Campaign of 1943-4, when he was in command of the fifth us air Force. Gen. Blarney is making an Exten Sive tour of the South West Pacific area. Bomb damage proved "60% of Cologne destroyed from our special representative London March 11. Three years ago the chief of bomber command air chief marshal Harris started with american heavy bombers later co operating to eliminate German Industry concentrating largely on the Ruhr which bomber Crews nicknamed Happy the effects of the bombing hitherto have not been known at first hand although much Evi Dence was available from stereoscopic photographs taken by reconnaissance pilots. However they have now been viewed by so Cdr. Alan Morris of bomber command photographic interpretation Section who visited Cologne Munchen Gladbach Krefeld and other important targets. Speaking to a special correspondent of the daily mall he said people often declared that we tended to exaggerate the results of the raids but ground observation shows that far from Over estimating we tended to under estimate. Sometimes by 10 or 15 . I have flown Over both Stalingrad and Cologne. The destruction in Stalingrad was about one fifth of that to Cologne where of 3,320 acres 2,010 were completely destroyed. Towns hit there Are now 85 German towns destroyed to More or less the same extent As so Cdr. Morris said. The total damage suffered by England from bombs does not equal the damage in Hamburg where of 8.400 acres 6,200 were flattened. Besides the widespread destruction in bochum. Dusseldorf Essen Dortmund. Oberhausen and gel sen Kircheis which is estimated to Range Between 36 and �5 ., the Homework towns to which the germans evacuated workers turn ing houses into factories have been much destroyed. For example Pforzheim with a population of 40,000. Was wiped out in one a Cdr. Morris added it has been established that there is no answer to present bombing tech Nique of mixing two tonnes with showers of incendiaries. Photo graphs taken since the last big attack on Magdeburg showed More than 2,000 separate fires destroy ing the City. The Large scale German withdrawal against the russians in the Winter of 1843-44 was largely due to the Lack of supplies after the British bombing of German Industry. The germans Are now fighting on reserves off no al before the Allied bombing began to International red Cross reports reaching in gland state that Large numbers of British prisoners of War Are being drafted into blitzed towns in Germany for demolition and Rifa Tring work. Fourteen Hundred were sent to Munich after a heavy raid. The bed Cross states that so far there Bare bees no casualties among the pos who Are provided with adequate shelters Dur ing the raids. The bed Cross re ports ascribe the drafting not Only to manpower shortage but to the germans desire to gain the prisoners sympathy by showing them raid damage. Migrants keen to go to dominions delays in departure inevitable London March 12. Tens of thousands of British men and women want to emigrate to the dominions but it is unlikely that More than a fraction of than win be Able to go for at least a year after the War ends says the daily the reasons for the delay Are 1 the dominions intention to re Settle their own servicemen and women before permitting a " tories in the Netherlands govern ment in England or. H. J. Van Mook and maj Gen Van Straten have arrived from London and hol land on their Way to Australia according to Aneta new Agency. They have been raising a Netherlands army for the Pacific War. Maj Gen. Van Straten commanded the australian and dutch forces in timor in 1942. And then led the guerillas for a year. Freed prisoners reach Odessa thousands waiting for ships Home by our special representative London March 12. Nearly 1,400 British officers and men have sailed from Odessa on the final stage of their journey Home from German prison Camps Over run by the red army. They ate the Vanguard of thousands of al lied servicemen liberated by Tfaye russians who an now pouring into the Black sea port. Every Day trains packed with More repatriated British Ameri cans and French reach Odessa. Al has been Lor act mutant by the next ship. It was announced in Moscow yesterday that the first ships left Odessa on thursday carrying 3,413 persons. The Moscow newspaper pravda says that nearly 10000 liberated al lied prisoners Are now being housed and fed in Odessa while waiting for ships. A total of 246 Channel islanders and other British civilians and 22 Irish civilians have arrived at Goth Enburg Sweden on a further stage of their journey from internment of amp the Antish party i included two survivors of the sob Marine Undine which was sunk in 1940. Big f.-.4.?g Likely the biggest Exchange of Brash and German prisoners will occur at Gothenburg towards the end of the month if negotiations at present go ing on Between the two govern ments succeed says Osman Gould ing special Stockholm correspondent of the daily the most i no i feature of the planned wee Hange is that it involves no sick and disabled non combatants but Active physically fit men. Official and Allied sources i Stockholm Are silent but conjectures sue that the germans re to Hong Ujj impossible to provide adequate accommodation for an prisoner evacuated from Titi in Poland. In in and East Prussia. Personal at admiralty House Sydney yes ter Day the government general Hrh the Duke of Gloucester pre seated 32 decorations awarded to ing services for exploits in War theatres from Darwin to Europe. The investiture was the first held by his Royal highness since he took office. Two Bodre received decorate one posthumously awarded to their fathers. They rent Gra Ham Ferguson 10, and Khan Hytti Loder. 3. Bis excellency the governor and lady Norrie will leave Adelaide on saturday for the River hurray areas where they will carry out numerous engagements returning on the evening of wednesday. March 21. His a ii by and lady Norrie will leave Adelaide on March ? to visit then Royal . The governor general and the Danaea of Gloucester at Canberra and will return to Adelaide on wednesday. April 4. Admiral of the Fleet lord Beyes and lady Keyes left government House yesterday in mate for eng land. Before leaving they expressed their deep appreciation of the Molny kindnesses and consideration shown them by the people of South Australia during their prolonged stay in Adelaide. Adm Keyes much regretted that owing to illness the majority of his engagements bad to be cancelled Bat now having greatly improved in health he Hopes to have the Opportunity of broadcasting his thanks before leaving Australia. Lady Norrie attended by miss Roberts visited Estcourt House Grange yesterday morning. In the afternoon lady Norrie saw the packing of parcels for England by the in Gish speaking Union. The minister of works in i of by the chair Man of directors or. H. G. Dar Ling and sir Walter Duncan Mac. A director. Or. Lewis inspected the company s works yesterday and tonight he will be the guest of Honor at & dinner at tended by executive members of the staff. He will arrive in Adelaide on thursday. The commander Sal of c area Brig. H. C. Bundock and or. O. L. Isaachsen general manager or the Bank of Adelaide were guests of the Adelaide City Council at lunch yesterday and afterwards attended a meeting of the Council. Or. William Cade musical director for the Abc in South Australia has returned to Adelaide after a visit to Melbourne and Sydney in connection with auditions for the symphony orchestras in those cities. Cut off from conquests Nimitz on Fate of Japan australian association press new York March 11. The a in a in the Pacific adm. Nimitz told a press conference at san Francisco today that the time was almost at hand when Japan would be unable to operate any shipping to the Mei or tier other holdings in the South China sea. Reports associated press of ame a Roca. I to american Fleet be controls the sea and can go where it needs to go but toe japanese still have the Agate continent and the land lines a Tab the army Are 90 pm. Intact after toe european War ends the United nations will have to go an oat to destroy and defeat Japan. The japanese have repaired the heavy damage inflicted on their Fleet in october and i assume that it is ready for action again. Our strategy is to have oar Fleet massed As a very Large reception committee in order to destroy out coming referring to the speculation about commanders in the japanese theatre adm Nimitz added i believe that the joint duels of staff win direct the army com Mand out talk concerning personalities is highly injurious to the War Toldo lament according to Tokio radio Kotso warned a special session of the diet today that Japan must prepare for the time when the sacred Mother land would become a Battle ground. If the enemy invades the Waters near the Mainland he said we will crush him. If he at tempts to land we win drive him bade into the sea. If be finally succeeds in tending we win annihilate him with Sledge blows. A invasion win be a god sent Opportunity for a decisive Battler the War minister said the japanese have a sure programme for destroying the enemy if be lands in bag Yama read a Massage from the commander at iwo Jima Art of the Wand has been lost fining me with great trepidation. When i think of the future of oar Nowc Meigu and oar country if this a base Coald be lost to the enemy t feel my heart the Kavy minister tonal add that it was regrettable that no tosses could be inflicted on the enemy warships but be was confident that when the presented resell the Navy m co operation i if the army would be Able to in Leitert and wipe oat the enemy. Notable Cradle of War authors 10 Melbourne writers publish books London March 8. Ten past and present members of the staff of the Melbourne Herald eight of whom Are War correspondent in this War have written and bad published Tat Lon Don at least 14 books. One or two Are Luff let . Waifie some have wet then Mote than one Tohara Lutu have Broam Sac Cess al Anthong after wide Type Lindy of Imp off and nowhere is ability Mare highly recognised than to Fleet Street. An article in world press beaded antipodean Lite Rary Cradle Obj covered says that the activity of its put and pre sent if to writing books to Estabr Attini ? rather brim re Corot Crete he borne Fex aka As a literary Cradle. The ten of ban Are w. A. Fir Mer Osmar White junes at ride. Colin Bednall. Trevor blare. John Hettwer tartan Tho Hole. Noel monks Alan Moar Bead and Rosaw Walker. And except Tatai Hole who is ? member of be bbl staff and terror bore. No has just left admiralty Public relations to loin the London to Fly axe War cd heat indent. Almli by Ian cover the War fronts of the world since fill Ceiaa the sooth West Pacific. Malaya the of cute cast Greece Crete the Mediterranean North Africa France and the North sea. The latest Comers to the literary Field Are w. A. Farmer whose Book she Ghat soon readied a first edition of to boo Osmar White whose first volume Green a description of fighting in nes Guinea has just been published and Colin Bedrail. Who soon will Wabush flying other books to achieve literary Hihi 1i for to bar Joii nah Lai Authon Are airborne by Jack Hetherington squadrons do by Noel monks african Tri logy by Alan More Bead names into Battle by Hole. Picht to Victory by Aonald after terrier of the poet and turn ing Point. 1943." by Trevor blare and signed with their Honor and sea eagles by James Aldridge sleep easier for German workers prefabricated Home with air said basement new York starch 11. Ingenious sleep easier Are one of the reasons Why German workers Are Able to continue pro auction even after the most severe Allied bombing raids according to Gaull tac Gouran up Rita Oon respondent of the North american newspaper a Ilia fur in a dispatch from outside Dusseldorf male Gowan says that sleep easier Are mass produced pre fabricated houses which if Boarn a by bombs today can be replaced tomorrow. Their secret is a floor constructed of solid reinforced Concrete with massive steel Gir Ders which forms the Root Tor the basement. A heavy steel trap door leads Down to the basement where there Are two bedrooms a Goebbels tuned radio and a Ture of our dear Fuhrer the German workers Friend the tenants sleep peacefully in the basement or retire there Dur ing Daylight raids not caring whether when the Siren a Xmas the All Clear the upper Structure still exists or is mown away be-1 cause a Van can deliver a or a superstructure within 24 boors. J these rows of Homes resemble lines of super packing cases. They Nave brought about a demand for White Wood which has resulted in a recent ban on the making of coffins. The fittings of the am Iasi or Alai impress even american. Tier in clude an electric Iron . Washing machine built in ironing Board electric toaster alarm Dock. And radio. Civic reception for Dukeman Duchess Large crowd at Sydney town Hall Sydney. March 12. Coo yes and cheers from the Large crowd outside the floodlit town Han greeted the governor general Hrh the Duke of oooo eater and the Onchea of Oun Orcier when they arrived to attend the Chric Rece Paon it ten in their Honor by the lord mayor and lady Mayores Alderman and mrs. W. Heffle Hardtop. There were More than us Tistus. A i l�2r d and to he held Back by Poling my and a Ullh naked bands. The governor lord Wake the Balcony of the Ottowa Bao and acknowledged the Ches the crowd. They then Pray needed to Ger Jim presented by the ?2lj2? Lutol Lefrock a at opalescent be qom and beads the ate Ala Bow embroidered in be owns. She wore three Short strand of pc orc and emeralds Jim ?.-.if two Diamond bracelets and a stay Diamand studded comb i her hair Aie covered her shoulders with ? so is Hafi. She carried her present soon and oreo Brimner roses. Duke s Airliner at Canberra Canberra March 11. Less than two Days flying time 43hr. 50min since leaving London the Duke of ? private Airliner. The Avro York ? Bode Avoir. Arrived i Oano Mot 6j5 Tun. Adelaide Tine. It left Perth at 8 an. Adelaide the and travelled non atop to Oan Oaas. Bette Landing the add Ultra Lia Crew a anted the Bovee or generl by flying Tow Ever Tarra in Mia. V As the tent Foar engined by Chwae taxied Orer the Tanate it was and pilots Attol Mil at the can Berra air stat thu. Wet cmdr. D. By a Mahonn. Of big Tan Power or. Funnell said today that latest reports from the principal fruit and vegetable harvesting Cen tres Fca a Vialla . Mud som. And Swan by flite la. Renmark of oath Beeton. Or tub Franco Ai Wowra. New Boatti Wales a ewed Bat Harvest tog was at Tea Baik. Sad there was Ewery run Felon that All craps we be is Barad Ului an Oabie. The magnitude of the task ahead by the Tiu Wii to Estooue the year he said was shows by the tact that in add than to owes and highly organised local labor it bad been necessary to of Gaylae and transport Over a Fialo Awa Arial workers to fat and vegetable Aiu plug area far period a wonk Trana two to three Awu Oia in float Anat Raav Iamb Lahar in Dertl b and Aldir men s. 3. I Rimli s god. W. M. Harrell and f. H. A the mayans

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