Page 1 of 3 Jun 1944 Issue of Adelaide Advertiser in Adelaide, South-Australia

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Adelaide Advertiser (Newspaper) - June 3, 1944, Adelaide, South Australia National Library of Australia Adelaide s leading electrical & radio House Gerard & Goodman Ltd. 192-is bin ii Street buy genuine Gestetner supplies. Mao Dougals 40 Grenfel St. C1467. Bronson s. Where dyeing 1 saves buying. Hall s bubbly soda. Made with pure Spring water. S. O. Beilby South Australia s greatest grocers for Price Quality and service. A i ? beards in j ? headlok6 ? ? before the ? 1 ? Palmo Uve pm 2 la i eme Ponner a a moist Rich lather of y in 1/ softens Beard " ? a Hakes the Ork or a Jay a j a or much easier to j ".?"""-?$55b ? gives a clean close t1 a Lone lasting sbaveu1 --3vfl " and it Way 6 the most important German escape route to Northern Italy at a Point below Val Montone. Thus the allies Are now astride both main roads to Rome. The Rood was Cut by an armoured spearhead which drove through enemy opposition. Simultaneously it is announced that Canadian troops of the both army have pressed Forward up the Ower end of Highway 6 to within 18 Miles of Val Montone and entered the town of Feren Tino six Miles beyond Frosinoni. It is not known How Many German troops Are Cut off on Highway 6, but some quarters express the belief that Kesselring failed to get the bulk of his forces away through vol Montone. The Hermann Goering division is still holding oat in Val Montone which is being Given a severe bartering. ? Forward elements of the us forces entered the key defence town of Velletri late yesterday afternoon and Sharp Street fighting is in Progress. The St army beachhead troops who penetrated the enemy defence line in the Alban Hills below Rome have captured Lariano four Miles North East of velvet re fighting against stiff opposition French troops have taken Morolo five Miles South West of Ferentino on Highway 6, leaving Kesselring a corridor Only five Miles deep South we my non i r tremendous Power renter s correspondent at advanced Allied he states that for Ward Allied elements Are cleaning up Velletri in fierce Street fighting. They have taken a number of prisoners. The St army is applying tremendous Power along the whole of Keselring s line. Tufi Maples correspondent of the National broadcasting company says that the enemy withdrew his main forces from Velletri Over 48 ? hours ago. When it became a went that he was surrounded on three sides and i danger of being Cut off he left rearguard units in the town. A new zealand official War Cor respondent in Italy says that new zealand tanks and infantry yester Day took Campoli. Four Miles North East of Sora. They Are now consolidating for the next move. Prisoners Are still coming in. The special correspondent of the Exchange Telegraph Agency at Allied he says that the american capture of Monte Artemisio doomed Velletri. Fungi neg made a Road to a Ridge on to of the Hill and tanks and tank destroyers Are to Day operating from it. The americans then swept Down the slopes and other forces advanced irom the West and South. Sniping opposition from houses held up the in Fantry Sod tasks were summoned to their assistance. Infantry of the St army is flooding into the Alan Hills Val Ley states Algiers radio. The enemy s main defensive line has been breached to a depth of nearly two Miles. British troops near the coastal roads Are streaming to wards Rome. The French have made very important advances on the Central Rome radio stated Savage fighting went on All last night. The germans Are defending Valmon tone with the greatest tenacity. They continue at certain Points to All Back to new prepared Posi the German overseas news Agency says the fighting re Mains As fierce As Ever along the South Eastern and Southern fringe of the Alban Hills and particularly in the sector South West of Velletri the allies East of Vel Tetri had to launch seven consecutive attacks before they were Able to achieve a breach i the German line. Fighting is still continuing in this Sert Onous. Military commentator of Berlin radio said the enemy East of Velletri succeeded in Mak ing a breach and a furious Battle was joined. In addition the Bri Tish forces attacking in the Coas Tal sector beyond Ardea gained fresh ground. Enemy Reserve have been brought up. It must be Clear without mincing words that the German defence is bound to be an elastic delaying the German newsagent Quot ing a supplementary High com Mand report says the Battles in Italy Are approaching the massive scale of the great Flanders Battle of the last War. Us forces in the past 24 hours have pressed 11 big attacks throwing massed tank into the Battle for the gain of a few Yards. The americans in one Day near Lan Vic lost the equip ment of a whole tank defences penetrated today s Allied communique states Bard fighting continued All along the front by the Allied armies in Italy. Fifth army troops have established themselves on Monte Artemisio North East of be Etui. Constituting a Penetra Tion into the enemy s defensive system on the Valmon tone Vel Letri lint. This penetration is encountering very obstinate resist Ance. The both army Advance continues astride Highway 6. British troops in one sector pressed the enemy rearguard so severely that enemy demolitions could not be effected. Our Advance elements Are now approaching Perentin. In support of the army Allied warships again bombarded enemy batteries in the Ardea area yesterday. The results were Success Ful fires were caused and the area was Well covered. Medium bombers yesterday at tacked troop concentrations. Enemy held towns. Roads and Bridges in the Battle area and North of Rome. Light bombers and fighter bombers were Active against troops bivouac areas motor trans port Parks and gun positions in the Battle zone and railway lines and Bridges to Central Italy. Other Allied planes attacked Aerodromes railways. Motor transport and troops in Yugoslavia. There were no heavy bomber operations. Tour of our aircraft Are missing from these operations. Nine enemy planes were seen Over the Battle area during Daylight. The Mediterranean air Force flew approximately 1,900 sorties. Heavy and medium bombers last night attacked objectives in the Vicinity of Szolnoky. In the German High command communique states in heavy fighting , particularly in the Velletri and Vav Montone areas where it increased to its greatest violence the fighting morale of the German troops was proved time and again against the enemy s numerical and material superiority. Yesterday the enemy who again at tacked with masses of infantry and armoured forces supported by the strongest air formations was brought to a standstill. East of Velletri we sealed off penetration and inflicted heavy casualties. Our divisions on the North Ern slopes of the Pepini Mountain disengaged towards the North Bank of the Sacco River. In the sort area we beat off attacks in front of our new Reuters Stockholm correspondent says that according to the danish press service the German Are switching troops from Dernar to reinforce the italian front. Pou troop trains on a single Day recently left for Italy and extensive troop movements Are still continuing at Jutland. Thunder of guns heard in Rome London june 2. From Velletri the Thunder of guns As the allies Advance grows Ever louder in Rome. Atmospheric pressure from the ceaseless Artil Lery fire is so great that Many people in Rome have been physically affected by it. The Berne correspondent of British United press says that the doors and windows in Rome Are shaking from the vibration of be approaching Battle. American troops have Cut Highway 6 below vol Montone and the both army has pressed up the lower part of the Highway to Farentinos 18 Miles from Val Montone. The allies Hove penetrated into Velletri and taken Larionow four Miles to the North Cost. The new zeo Londers Hove driven four Miles beyond Sora. Vast explosion wreck town ammunition train on fire australian associated press London june 2. When an ammunition train caught on fire and exploded As it was passing through a Small town in East Anglia shortly before 2 . Today one Man was killed and Between 200 and 300 people were injured and hundreds of houses were devastated. Scores of families Are homeless As houses a mile from the scene were wrecked by the vast explosion. A big fire broke out at a Gas works and the railway signal Box completely disappeared. The explosion was Felt in a town 22 Miles away. People in the Little Market town Are moving about the streets not. Sure where to go. Loud speakers Are directing them to go to the school for shelter. The explosion has revealed a Story of heroism by the railway men. When ther noticed that the waggons were on fire they stopped the train and uncoupled the other trucks. The engine then began a desperate journey to Tow the waggons into the open country. When the explosion occurred the engine was blown from the line and the body of the fireman was later recovered from the wreckage. The London and North Eastern railway company states that two waggons loaded with bombs caught on fire and exploded As a goods train was passing through a station in East Anglia at 1.45 an. Today. The explosion seriously injured the Driver the stationmaster and Bis son and a signalman. Bomber s dream comes True nazi lorries trapped by single bomb hit London june 2. A bomber s dream came True on the Northern German escape Loop through Subiaco to Rome a few Days ago. The bomber was returning Home irom a night foray with a single bomb still in the rack the Pilot saw a Long drawn out file of 200 German military lorries near Subiaco approaching a bottleneck defile on a Good Tarmac Road. A i perfectly aimed shot landed the bomb plumb in the Centre of the narrowest part of the Gap and caused a deep Crater in the Road from Cliff to Cliff. This held up the whole Convoy with the vehicles packed nose to Tail. Fighter bombers quickly came up and wrecked the two rearmost vehicles making All the others a sitting target. Relays of bombers naked the line at intervals of 15 ? minutes until the entire column \ was a blazing shambles. On the following night wellingtons went in to ensure that the destruction Rivas Complete. \ = ? ? err. Landing ships for invasion massive output in United states Aap and our special representative new York june 1. Landing Craft requirements for the invasion of Europe had been met As a result of spectacular pro Gress in production which in the 51 past six months had exceeded the r estimates by 70 , the Secretary 1 of the Navy or. Fri Wrestal an -5 bounced today. 1 us War Industry is now Organ ised and equipped to such a de Gree that aircraft and munitions plants Are capable of an output far beyond the military estimates of requirements. A joint report by the War production and aircraft production boards estimates that 1 the United states is producing War planes at four times the rate of ? Germany and seven times the rate. Of Japan. Since january 1940. The War plane Industry has expanded no i medically by 3,600 pc and by. Weight 6300 it has built. 171.000 planes since Pearl Harbor and plans to build 100,000 this British Empire and the United states have built together 300-000 aircraft since the beginning of the 5 european War. Germany and Japan together Are believed to have pro i diced 151.000, but Germany in ? 1116 far with a Stock pile of airborne blow at Tito s . London june 2. The first hint of a dramatic Story comes from Moscow radio which announces that two battalions of German airborne troops dropped near marshal Tito s Headquarters c in Yugoslavia earlier in the week. With instructions to destroy the Headquarters. I nazis fear Allied airborne troops anti invasion Force split into Small groups from our special representative new York Jane 1. L he Sermon armies to France awaiting the Allied invasion Are split up into tens of thousand of Small units according to a dispatch to the Christian science Monitor from a special correspondent on the Portu Guese Frontier. The rear or Al Lea airborne troops has split All but the Atlantic Wall troops into groups of four in Vil Lages hamlets and isolated farms says the correspondent. Guerillas occasionally wipe out these groups but in three quarters of France there is no longer a single Settle ment where two or More nazis Are not quartered. There Are artillery Parks in All the Large towns even those Remote from tiie coast As if the germans Are expecting Battles in the Interior with airborne armies. There is a Circle of Garrison towns around Paris bit the dispersal of forces with a centralised system enabling them to be rapidly concentrated when they Are needed is the basis of the nazi tactics. The Atlantic. Fortifications Are divided into four groups. Those from henday to the Loire Are the lightest except in the Biarritz Pau hinge where there Are heavy artillery emplacements but in the Forest regions of North Gironde the fortifications Are so Light As to seem inadequate. Along the entire Brittany coastline is a series of fortress islands from oleron noir Moutier and Belle Isle to Jersey and Guernsey. On the Normandy coast from Dieppe to be Havre there is at pre sent Little movement except for re pairs following the bombings but from Dieppe to the belgian Frontier the germans Are building and re building Concrete nests in and be Hood the Sand dunes and Low Cliffs. Special roads and railways Nave been built to enable armoured trains and trucks to manoeuvre quickly. Behind the belgian and dutch coasts the dunes have been flooded with fresh water for several months. On the Mec Terraneau front there Are heavy defences on the Ligurian Ailvera of Italy and an attempt to assault prance from the Poutto is not taken seriously. Nevertheless the defences around Toulon Marseilles and Fergus have been enlarged. London. June 2.the uneasiness in German invasion Headquarters has been increased by the sustained pin Point bombing destruction of military Headquarters at i the Hague and in France says s special correspondent of the daily mail on toe French Frontier. Latest reports from the threatened areas be adds say thai the germans Are tuning up their anti invasion preparations to con Cert pitch with a constant night Long stand to now in operation nol Only in the coastal districts but also at airfields and tank Parks the Gestapo aided by the Vlcej militia Are initiating a vast new anti spy Campaign. This follow the Allied bombing of a secret Headquarters which the German interpret As an indication that to allies know too much about then organisation. They fear that the beginning of the second front maj coincide with a dramatic crushing of the majority of their command posts. When the invasion of Europe begins infantry under cover of naval bomber cent or Allied bombing will Wade ashore with their equipment As shown in this British official photograph. 8th army elite to form invasion spearhead British official wireless London june 1. The 8th army has become a great fighting corps ? but the army which is driving the Ger mans before it in Italy is not the same As that which drove the Ger mans before it in Africa. Gen. Montgomery and Many o Juhls men Are in England forging the spearhead of the armies of liberation with steel that has Beer tried in the Furnace of Al Alamein the eighth will set its inspiring Mark on More fronts than those of Africa and Italy. 1,000 gassed in new York chlorine Gas escapes from Cylinder new York june 1. Chlorine Gas escaping from a pressure Cylinder which fell from a truck travelling to a defence Plant gassed at least 1,000 men women and children in crowded downtown Brooklyn today. I the Grey Green vapor poured Down a subway ventilation system. Choking scores of people. They were carried out into the Street by squads of police and firemen Wear ing Gas masks. The Gas Stupe i fled train travellers who collapsed i before panic could develop. There have been no deaths yet., but hospitals in the area Are jammed to overflowing. Many per sons Are lying on litters in the corridors awaiting attention while i medical and nursing staffs Are working frantically to relieve the pain and distress. A Large proportion of the victims were schoolchildren on their Way Home. An area of 10 blocks had to1 the cleared until it could be Decon a laminated. Vast . Army overseas decisive action at hand australian associated press Washington june 1. The Secretary of War or. Stim son told a press conference today that with 3,657,000 army troops overseas and the deployment of air and service forces practically completed the period of decisive action is at the us forces abroad with protected Supply lines stretching Over 56,003 Miles and reaching into every continent represent approximately 47 . Of the army s total. Strength added or. Stimson. By. Toe end of this year the number of troops overseas will be Over 5,000.000. Or approximately two thirds of the total strength. The bulk of the forces is now. Moving out of the United states to combat areas. It is composed of. Ground troops prepared to use bases and take advantage of the preliminary air assaults for the ? final blows against the enemy. In overseas deployment the Supply and air forces necessarily come first because it is necessary to build up bases for eventual drives. Against the enemy. Those bases. Are now established and shipping t is available for the movement of. Ground forces to overseas theatres. This movement is rapidly nearing its i overseas location or. Stimson explained that Ini speaking of overseas deployment his reference bras to the total strength and not to the overseas location of forces which would have to be shifted at least in part i As the Campaign developed. He said that the total strength 1 of the us air res was 2357,000. Of whom nearly half were already overseas. The us air forces had i 75.000 planes including 34,000 com Bat planes. More than half the combat plane strength was Over seas making the Saaf the world s most formidable Aerial 1 striking Force in Point of size and t firepower. The us air forces have a e proxy namely 325 bases overseas 750 of which Are airfields including Many used by the transport come declared or. Stimson. I others include radio and weather stations hospitals depots and 1 storage bases. The tremendous growth of the ? 1 Saaf s overseas combat strength. With an adequate and increasing Reserve is bringing the us army s Aerial striking Force to its planned size and Power which will assure a relentless offensive against the Axis in All German attacks blunted tense air struggle on russian front London june 2.aap. The German attacks on the Jassy front in Rumania continue in abated says Reuters Moscow Cor respondent but according to front line reports their Edge has Al ready been blunted by the firm russian resistance. For the first time yesterday Yon Mannstein was forced to throw in i rumanian troops As a result of his heavy losses in the preceding 48 hours. A tense struggle is going on for local air supremacy. 1 the German overseas radio states that 1.000 planes were sent into action against the russians i North of Jasser. Wharf strike spreads further order to resume work Sydney june 2. The conciliation commissioner or. Morrison today ordered All wharf labourers to resume work. His order applied to the 225 men whose suspension had led to a big Stop Page on the the acting prime minister or. Horde ordered Back to work about 1,650 Waterside workers who did not offer for work because 223 men had been stood Down for the duration of the jobs under order 44 of the Steve doring Industry commission. Or. Horde s direction was disregarded today and about 2.200 More men failed to offer Lor work. Because of the grave situation which bad developed since tues Day the Commonwealth govern ment called a conference in the Commonwealth arbitration court and instructed or. Morrison to hear and determine the dispute. The conference was attended by the director of shipping tact All resistance elements in Yugoslavia before the new Yugo slav government is finally forme under or. Ivan Suba Sindi forme governor of Croatia. King Peter s statement adds if the heroism and self sacrifice of our fighting men and Home who banded together to resist the j German invader is to Bear Fui fruit there must be Unity Amon those of As who Are devoted to the sacred task of liberation. I Appeal to All my people to la aside their differences and Post Pone internal political issues unt after liberation. In order that no body May doubt the sincerity of n wishes. I have resolved to form new government which however can Only fulfil its task Complete in collaboration with All resistant elements in Yugoslavia. We Are Ai for mostly yugoslavs. Our Fin duty is the deliverance of our coun try from the invader to which again pledge myself and the gov King Peter told a British unite press correspondent that or. Suba Sitch was going to ban. Italy t open negotiations with Marsh Tito s representative before deciding the new Cabinet s compose uni Gen. Mikhailovich had also Bee asked to Send a representative t Bari. Kinc Peter added a believe that Gen. Mikhailovich will Agre to collaboration with marshal tit Elf he does not. Then his value t Yugoslavia is finished. Gen. Mik Haimovitch will be instructed to Stai fighting the germans. If there i evidence that the chetnik com Manders of Gen. Mikha Ilovitch have collaborated with the Ger mans they Bill be Black listed. W want everyone to fight the Ger King Peter expressed the Opi Loi that there was Little Chance c marshal Tito and Gen. Mite Hailo Vitch working Side by Side at the 1 same Headquarters but there was i Good Chance of both forces collaborating boating in an All out fight again the germans. Higher returns under new British tax plan London june 1.aap although no figures Are yet available from the whole country to show How taxes generally Are coming in under the pay As you 1 earn system it is already Appa i rent that the system in Mani Large business concerns is result Ling in a 15 . Increase in us deductions from employees earn Lings. Invasion coast pounded again Allied air forces drop 113,000 tons in May London Jane 2. Heavy bombers of the Raf bet night resumed the Batter ing of invasion and railway targets in France fellow ing a one Day Lull the first for a fortnight due to heavy Cloud Over most of Europe. Very Strong forces of us flying fortresses and Larsten escorted by thunderbolts lightnings and Mustangs today carried on the offensive with attacks on Ger Taai military installations in the Pas de Calais area. It is estimated that 750 to 1,000 heavy bombers and up to 500 fighters took part. Last night s targets were objectives along the French coast and the railway Yards at Sonmor which received their second consecutive night Pound my. It was announced today that us bombers operating from both Bri Tain and Italy had in the past month dropped More than 63,000 tons of bombs on Germany occupied Europe and the Balkans. There was hardly one Day on which one or other of the forces failed to operate. During the month 1268 enemy planes were destroyed for a loss of 481 heavy bombers and 235 fighters. In addition. Allied Headquarters in Italy announces that the Mediterranean Allied air Force dropped 50.000 tons of bomb on Italy. Austria and the Balkans in Hay. They destroyed 433 enemy planes for the loss of 385 aircraft of which 171 were heavy bombers. All the planes returned from last night s Haf attacks which in. Eluded a Mosquito raid on an objective in Denmark and mine laying in enemy Waters. Twenty minutes after the first bombs bad crashed on the Saum rail Yards the pall of smoke Over the target was so thick that a fresh set of Marker flares had to be 1 dropped. Pilots reported that there was no fighter opposition until the target was reached but then it 1 proved ineffectual. Australian Halifax squadrons 1 took part in the blows on the French coast targets. I ? = although the Cloud cover Otter Europe yesterday reduced the ape rations of the 2nd tactical air Force fighters flew a number of offensive patrols. In one of these Long Range Mustangs off the Ger Man Island of Bork am destroyed a Heinkey 111. Reuters correspondent at Allied Headquarters in Italy says Tibet Raf medium and heavy bomber from Italy striking pm to mania s vital Iron Gate i the Danube Narrows on the Roma Tan yugoslav Border Nave blown a huge Gap i a railway hauling barges through the to i Hal faxes liberators and wellingtons in Good visibility dropped Many wooo la. Bombs in the tar get area. The rap previous or mined at least 100 Miles of the Danube causing a considerable in crease i traffic through the Gate. Locomotives supplementing togs Are pulling strings at barges through the canal widespread raids in Pacific blows May Herald another offensive Washington june 2.aap. A Pacific Fleet communique says that army liberators bombed Guam Island the former us pos session South of the Marianas in t Daylight on sunday. App Fri -5 mately 10 enemy fighters attempted 1 interception and one was snot i Down. A fire ranged from Mode a face to int Aas. F army liberators also attacked c Truk Atou on tuesday night hit r Ting the airstrips and starting a fire visible for Iso Miles. One enemy plane was seen Over the target and c a fire was meagre. 0 the communique adds that other forces of army and Marine planes in tuesday bombed Wake Island c Wilkes Island. Ponape. And Many y positions in the Marshall. The it marshalls were also bombed on 1 sunday. O an Eamier communique an t bounced that Venturas bombed t Shu Mushu i Siart. In the Buriles o before Dawn on tuesday Llode rate a fire was encountered. A Navy spokesman at Pear har Bor said that All the Ptan re turned Iran these raids. Associated press of America Points out that t these widespread operations May Herald another Central Pacific offensive. Good Progress in Burma allies hold half of my Itkina australian associates press London june 2. Chinese and american forces be Siehung my Itkina important japanese base in Northern Burma have made considerable Progress. According to today s soot East Asia communique and now Bald about half the town. Chinese forces West of myst Kina trave continued their and Vance from Mala Kawing towards the japanese base of Kamying. It is revealed that before Gen. Lent Igne e airborne forces Wece toned to withdraw one of their Road to Ioctl due to Tot of Mich Iliew Tiao obey Kilko Man than not i in the Imphal area the japanese Haw been cleared from knot tier Village in the Bis Benzur area and. Another enemy party in the same area has been surrounded. The correspondent of British. United press at Northern Bam. Bap Rte re says that the Ginese Bave broken throme the a Monk me in the Malacca Wing in ,17 Miles North

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