Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - November 24, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma
There are keys and keys but the one that no person has ever been able to develop and keep is the one every coach needs to key up his team for every game during a football
Average Net October Paid Circulation 8601
Member: Audit Bureau of CirculationTHE ADA EVENING NEWS
43rd Year—No. 188ADA, OKLAHOMA, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1946
FIVE CENTS THE COPY
Leadership Conference Here Tuesday
Dr. Horop of Peabody College Coming to Lead District Teachers Discussions
Dr. Henry Harap, curriculum expert of George Peabody college for teachers. Nashville, Tenn.. will be a special guest of East Central district teachers in a leadership conference November 26.
Edgar E. Harris, assistant state superintendent; Dr. Victor H. Hicks, director Horace Mann School: Ira E. Bugg. Pottawatomie county superintendent; Gordon M. Harrel, professor at East Central college; Charles N. Johnson, state department curriculum director, and Earle E. Emerson, superintendent Cromwell Schools, will discuss “Leadership Through Workgroups for Improvement of Instruction.” Panel plan will be used for this part of the program. The morning session opens at IO and continues to noon.
Two Afternoon Groups Afternoon program has two phases. Small groups including school administrators, county superintendents. classroom teachers, and rural teachers will start meetings at 1:30 to plan action in Peening group w’ork in all centers where it is not now functioning.
Dr. Harap will give a summary cf the meeting in a general assembly Tuesday. Four purposes are viewed as most important now. They are: (I) To give in
formation on in-service training for teachers: (2) To lead to organization of study groups: (3) To help in development of resource use education: and (4) To develop broader and more gen-pme co-operation among teachers. students, patrons, education officials, and out-of-school youth.
Group Leaden Chosen Paul Allen, superintendent Pauls Valley schools, will lead the administrators’ group. The county superintendents will be tinder the direction of Willis Morgan, Garvin county superintendent Alva Wells, Shawnee will be chairman of the classroom teacher group in the Ada conference. and Mrs. Ruth Bizzell, president East Central O. E. A. division of rural teachers, will meet the rural group.
“These conferences have direct bearing on the type of instruction offered in our schools: and when they are coupled with the study teachers accomplish in groups, Inc advantages to education are Quite evident,” Ben L. Morrison, cirector of rural education for East Central district, says. *--
Columbians' Leader Knocked to Floor
Attorney Unable to Toke Hit Tirade and Swings Heovy Fist on Him
ATLANTA, Nov. 23.—(ZP)—1The president of the anti-Jewish, antinegro Columbians was knocked to the floor today in a judge’s chamber by a husky assistant attorney general in the climax of an argument over the organization's charter.
"Dad blame it. Eve taken all I can from you.” yelled Dan Duke as he struck C. Burke with his fist, opening an inch-long gash over his left eye.
His face covered with blood, Burke staggered to his feet to shout back that “You’ll answer for this.”
Duke said he swrnng after a “tirade'* in which Burke implied he was not a “white Anglo-Saxon public official.”
The flareup climaxed a session in the chambers of Superior Judge E. E. Pomeroy in which the organization won a six-day postponement of the state suit to revoke its charter. Duke has been representing the state in this suit as he has in similar action against the Ku Klux Klan.
Duke left the judicial chambers a*, the suggestion of Judge Pomeroy who said: “I’ll handle this.” Duke asked the judge to call a doctor and said he w-ould pay Burke s medical expenses.
The judge first told newsmen he “was considering” action against both Duke and Burke but later said he would “take no cognizance*’ of it, explaining his * hack was turned” and he “didn’t see any of it.”
Earlier, during a heated argument over the suit Duke called Phil W. Dav is, Columbian attorney. a “bald*faced liar.”
“I am sorry that I was unable to control myself,” Duke said in a Statement dictated to newsmen from his office.
DRASTIC LOCAL RATIONING URGED
ONE STEAK, PRICE $3,437.50: TWA Hostess Mary McCorkle of Kansas City, Kan., whistles—but loud—as E. W. Williams, local packing house owner, tells her that the glass-protected steak he’s handing her is worth $3,437.50. It was cut from Grand Champion Steer T. O. Pride, which recently sold at auction for $43,026. Steaks sells for $1,250 a pound and this one weighs 2 3/4 pounds. It was flown to Pittsburgh to be given as a prize on a radio show.
Rescue Squad Crawls Over Ice To Army Plane on Glacier In Alps, Removal to Start Sunday
Pilots Circling Spot $0 Some Passengers Sunning Selves, 11 from Plane lo Be Brought Down Todoy
By ERNEST G. FISCHER
MEIRINGEN, Switzerland, Nov. 23.—(AP)-—A 60-man rescue squad today crawled to ll Americans whose U. S. ar-
but Swiss military sources said the squad had abandoned efforts to start removal of the passengers from their icy shelf until tomorrow morning.
-♦ That meant that the passengers, including four women and a 11-year-old girl, must spend a fifth night on the 8,000 foot high glacier. Doctors were in the rescue party, however, and supplies have been dropped to ease the plight of the injured.
The Swiss authorities said that it had been planned to take some of the passengers down to a halfway hut used by skiers as a shelter, but this was called off as darkness enveloped the scene. Not Sure of Survivors Radio communication with the plane was ineffectual and there was no way in which authorities at Meiringen could learn the condition of the passengers. Previous reports had said eight were stretcher cases.
The Swiss announcement said radio equipment would be dropped at the scene tonight and that two Fieseler-Storch planes, of German-make and similar to American artillery observation planes, might be landed near the glacier camp if the physical condition of the injured make such a hazardous operation necessary.
The rescuers reached the scene of last Tuesday’s crash after ploughing for hours through heavy drifts, exploring carefully for deep crevasses hidden under deceiving expanses of new snow. Plane Pancaked, Not Smashed The transport plane is resting about IOO feet from the highest range of the Gauli glacier, in a pocket three miles southeast of the 12,149-foot wetternhorn and 15 miles northeast of the mighty 13,670 foot Jungfrau.
Today was clear and sunny, and pilots of planes circling the spot said some of the passengers were seen sunning themselves.
Other pilots who flew over the scene reported that a fire had been started by the passengers near the door of the plane. They said the plan did not appear to have been smashed, and its wing-tip and fuselage were clearly vis-
Ada Planning Turns Now lo Thursday, Thanksgiving Day
From today on planning of Ada
families will center more and more definitely on next Thursday—Thanksgiving Day, the one truly and completely American
There will be a general holiday here, school children happily making the most of a double-long weekend, much visiting, feasting of family groups. •
On Thursday morning, from 9:30 to 10:30, there will be a union Thanksgiving service in the auditorium of Ada Junior high school. This is arranged by the Ada Ministerial organization.
Rev. W. A. Carter, Sapulpa, district superintendent for the Church of the Nazarene, will be the principal speaker. Musical numbers are to be provided through some of the local schools.
The feature of the afternoon will be the traditional clash of East Central State Tigers and the Southeastern Savages in the final football game of the season, to be played on Norris Field.
Housewives and grocery stores will be busy the next three days making provision for the festive boards.
Two Clarita Stores Hit Hard Thursday Night by Burglars
Johnny Phillips, Coal county sheriff, has asked the assistance
of Pontotoc county and Ada nTIj"0’ —I 740;
authorit.es in connection with on ihe ice. T^th'rWtoS
'Oklahoma' Finally Here
Famed Broadway Musical Stirring Up Biggest Welcoming in Oklahoma City History
OKLAHOMA CITY, Nov. 23.— (ZP)—“Oklahoma” is finally coming to Oklahoma, and ifs causing more commotion in the Sooner state than the original Cherokee land rush back in ’89.
The road company of the Broadway musical is opening a one-week stand here Monday night and, pardner, Oklahoma is preparing one of its biggest wel-comings in history for the troupe and everyone else connected with the show.
Ifs just a neighborly way of showing its gratitude for the production which has brought Oklahoma more publicity than the time former Gov. William H. (Alfalfa Bill) Murray threatened to dig up the flowers around the executive mansion and plant potatoes.
Sold Out Early
Three weeks before the opening it was a sell-out. An all-time indoor record for a legitimate production already has been set with a box-office take of some $135,000 set by the same show at Des Moines.
Oklahoma has been trying to get a peck at its namesake since it opened four years ago, but it took the combined efforts of Gov Robert S. Kerr and E. K. Gaylord, president of the Oklahoma Publishing Co., to lasso the Broadway hit. It took so long to get th© show here because the theater guild, sponsor of “Oklahoma” has a rule making it mandatory for its shows to play in guild cities first.
Now that the show is finally coming, Oklahoma is making it a memorable occasion.
Giant Parade Monday A 2 1/2 hour long parade is planned tho opening day, with a 450 piece band—heralded as the largest ever,to march—59 school bands, more than 2,000 horsemen, Indians and floats.
The pioneer theme has invaded Oklahoma City, and pardner, if you go into a restaurant, you’d find the waitresses dressed as cowgirls, the menu strictly western style, and the atmosphere so real you’d be expecting them to start ropin’ and brandin’ a steak for you.
Authors Attending Officials of the theater guild, along with Oscar Hammerstein II, who wrote the book and lyrics, and Richard Rogers, who wrote the music; Lynn Riggs, native Oklahoman on whose play “Green Grow the Lilacs” the mu sical was based, and Bob Burns of the screen and radio will be here.
The Kiowa Indians will induct several visitors into the tribe while Governor Kerr intends to pass out many honorary citizenships.
Half the people buying tickets to “Oklahoma!” are from out of town and they’re arriving by special trains, motorcades and buses. Because of the lack of hotels, pullmans are being left at the stations here to provide sleeping accommodations.
Industry's Trend From Coal SI™* Saving To Oil Speeded Up Since War Being Urged
WASHINGTON. Nov. 23, CR— J Dr. W. H. Young of the U. S. bureau of mines reported today that industry’s trend from coal to oil for fuel has speeded up since the war, with users citing mine strikes as a major reason for the shift
The consumers give two principal reasons for changing over, he told a reporter. “One, ifs more convenient and easier to handle petroleum, a fact which more than offsets the higher cost of oil. Two, consumers say they are tired qt being tied up by strikes.”
Mines bureau statistics for 1945 showed a decline in coal consumption in comparison with the use of other fuels—going back to a trend interrupted during the war when conversion to other fuels was restricted.
Small But Steady
“We operate a canvass on a monthly basis of 12,000 large industrial plants,” said Dr.
Young, chief of the bureau’s bituminous section.
“Every week we get two to half a dozen letters from manufacturers saying that they no longer consume coal and wish to be taken off the bituminous coal section lists. These are manufacturing plants, not two-by-four buildings and apartment houses.
“This conversion to gas and oil began to occur a few weeks after Japan’s surrender.”
Can’t Get Equipment An official of the solid fuels administration said there is little likelihood of small factories and domestic consumers converting to oil in large numbers at present, simply because of inability to get equipment A bureau of mines study of the percentage of the total energy supply contributed by mineral fuels in the United States showed that in 1936, the coal percentage was 53.3 per cent. In 1940 it was 49.3 per cent. During the war years, coal came into
heavier demand, and in 1942 contributed 52.7 percent.
The coal percentage declined from 53.3 percent in 1944. to 51.3 percent in 1945.
Gas Percentage Slips
The percentage contributed by oil increased from 29.6 percent in 1936 to 35.1 in 1938, declined to 28.2 in 1942, and rose to 30.7, in 1944 and 33.1 percent in 1945.
The contribution of natural gas increased from 10.2 percent in 1936 to 12.1 in 1945. then regressed somewhat during 1945 to 113 per cent.
In terms of B. T. U. (British thermal units, or the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water one degree fahrenheit), the annual supply of energy from coal increased from 12.989 trillions in 1936 to 16.576 trillions in 1945.
During the same period, energy from fuel oil increased from 6,792 trillions to 10.712 trillions, and natural gas from 2.330 to 3,-662 trillions.
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Oklahoma: Cloudy, rain an«i cooler panhandle Sunday; Sunday night cloudy, showers east and central, cooler west; Monday partly cloudy, cooler.
two general merchandise store robberies in Clarita Thursday night.
Grigsby’s store was the hardest hit of the two with a long list of merchandise, and cash, is reported missing.
Two hams, one case of pork and beans, two cases of English peas, one case of corn, two cases assorted fruit, 22 cartons of cigarettes, 200 pounds of sugar, IO silver dollars, two rolls of pennies and a role of nickels were listed as missing.
The Maynard store reported that 50 pounds of sugar. 15 cartons of cigarettes, several suits of men work clothes and from $20 to $30 in cash were taken.
The Clarita stores were robbed Thursday night and an investigation started Friday morning.
Both European and American eels spawn in sea south of Bermuda—Ada motorists converge at Sinnett-Meaders for service.
passengers waved at the planes overhead.
Tulsa Cop Dislocates Jaw Making Face Back At Woman Driver
TULSA, Okla., Nov. 23, (ZP)— Traffic Patrolman J. Ned Fanning today made such a face at a woman traffic violator that he threw his jaw out of joint. Here’s his version:
“A woman tried to make a forbidden left turn, so I whistled at her and she made an awful face at me.
“She didn’t stop, so I made a face right back at her. I must have put too much into it for I threw my jaw out of joint.”
In a whisper, he added, “from now on I’ll stick to whistling.”
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Fire Destroys One Wing of Orphanage
State Institution at Tipton Loses Living Quarters Of Many Children
TIPTON, Okla., Nov. 23.—(ZP)— Fire today destroyed the north wing of the Tipton orphanage, causing loss estimated at $70,000 and destroying the living quarters of more than half the 240 orphan residents.
Fire trucks from Frederick, Altus and Vernon, Texas, joined Tipton firemen in bringing the blaze under control.
The fire was believed to have started in a locked storeroom. The amount of damage was estimated by R. E. Chitwood, retired former superintendent of the orphanage who built the wing in 1923. The loss was partially covered by insurance.
Local residents aided in trying to save furnishings and equipment, but the childrens’ clothing, the kitchen, dining hall and some class rooms and most of the equipment were destroyed.
Tipton’s 1,470 residents immediately began planning for h» using and feeding the more than IOO children who will have to be accommodated until other arrangement? are made.
WOMAN ADMITS THEFT
MOBERLY, Mo., Nov. 23, <A*>— Raymond Falzone, prosecuting attorney said today the young wife of a former sailor had signed a statement admitting the theft of $3,000 in jewelry to get money to help her husband, broke in Chicago because he had not received his government subsistence check.
Budget Increase Is Recommended For Higher Schools
Regents Submit Proposals For More Than 35 Per Cent Boost for Operations Cost
OKLAHOMA CITY, Nov. 23.— (ZP)—An overall budget increase for operational expenses of more than 35 per cent was recommended by the state regents for higher education today in submitting the largest budget ever proposed to the legislature.
The total budget for the educational ins|iti*tions, including such related phases Is the University hospital and the Geological Survey, calls for the expenditure of $17,923,388 in the first year and $18,328,338 the second year of the next biennium.
The request compares with the $13,242,348 operational costs this year. The money would not come entirely from state appropriations, since fees, the federal contribution for veterans’ training, and other income are also included.
Building Part Incomplete
The building program was not completed, and the regents will study it further next month.
The proposed budget calls for $11,843,106 in state appropriated funds the first year, an increase of $4,551,000 over this year, and $12,429,906 the second year, and increase of $5,147,474 over this year.
The proposed state* appropriations compare with the tentative recommendation of $8,340,000 a year by State Budget Officer Roger Phelps to the joint legislative tax committee.
Largest increases proposed by the regents would go to the University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma A. and M. college, which together will have an estimated two-thirds of the state college enrollment.
The university recommendation was for $5,017,000 for the first year and $5,092,000 for the second year, compared with $3,-424,134 this year. *
The A. and M. budget was sdt for $4,933,900 for the first year and $5,008,900 for the second year, compared with $3,129,228.
Hospital, Extension Included
Separate recommendations were made for related activities of the schools, such as the University hospital and the A. and M. Extension Division.
Recommendations of the regents for individual schools include:
East Central State college:
Budget, 1946-47, $308,885; Recommendations, 1947-48 — $360,-350, and 1948-49—$366,350.
Murray State School of Agriculture: Budget, 1946-47, $113,-698; Recommendations, 1947-48— $147,089, and 1948-49—$150,089.
Driver Pays For Reckless Driving
J. D. Holland of Tupelo has paid fine and cost totaling $19.-50 on a charge of reckless driving filed in justice court of Franklin Bourland by state highway patrolmen.
The case was an outgrowth of an accident Friday in which Mrs. Mamie O. Burnett, Route 4, Ada, was shaken and bruised.
According to patrolmen, she was driving east between Pittstown and Hardin City and slowed to make a turn to the left. Holland was driving at excessive speed and although he braked his car. it hit the rear of the Burnett car, knocking it into a bar ditch.
Mrs. Burnett was brought to Ada and given treatment for bruises about the body.
Decorations Go Up Soon
Jaycees Prepare Christmas Lights, Greenery
Ada Junior Chamber of Commerce will be busily engaged in decorating Ada a week from today as they start putting the city streets in decorations indicative of the Christmas season and all the while they continue collecting money to, pay for the decorations.
Officials of the club have a goal to wc»*k to and they won’t know whether or not they reached that goal until decorations are completely up in the downtown business district.
The Jaycees are buying the greenery from the Byng Boy Scouts who prepared it last year; the club was well satisfied with the products sold them by the boys.
More Greenery This Year
The amount of greenery used this year will be three times the amount used on any previous occasion. The greenery decorations last year met with favorable comment from the merchants and for that reason more is being used this year.
Heretofore, the greenery decorations have been left “natural, but this year half of it will be painted silver color in an effort to lend a certain degree of color at night. Jaycee members agree that the color combination should mean a big improvement.
Lighting Still Limited
Lighting facilities that were not available during the war are still not available, making it necessary for old lighting fixtures, as limited as they are, to be used again this year. However, a few changes and additions will be made.
Erwin Hovis, chairman of the Christmas decorations committee, is spending considerable time getting ready for the big opening of the Christmas season.
Biggerslaff In Serious Condition From Injuries
Jim Biggerstaff, Seminole man seriously injured while at work near Stonewall Friday, was reported early Saturday night to be a ‘little better.’
Biggerstaff was given emergency treatment at Stonewall and then brought to Valley View hospital.
Dr. I. L. Cummings, physician, reported that Biggerstaff’s injuries include fracture of the right leg, ankle dislocation turning the foot up near the knee, fractured pelvis, three vertebra fractures, five ribs broken and other hurts.
Biggerstaff was a member of a crew engaged in taking up a pipeline.
A ‘cat’ was picking up pipe and loading it on a trailer. The driver was directed to back up some. Biggerstaff, standing back of the trailer, failed to hear the directions and was run over by the trailer.
WOMAN REPORTED SEEN
OKLAHOMA CITY. Nov. 23, UP)—Mrs Hattie Florence Rowe, 29, Yukon, Okla., missing since Oct. 15. was reported seen Nov. I at Anderson. Mo., and is believed to be somewhere in Missouri, Chief of Detectives Dwight Brown said today.
Mrs. Rowe, mother of five children, has been sought since the body of her sister-in-law, Mrs. Peggy Rogers, 32, Oklahoma City, was found in the North Canadian river below the Lake Overholser spillway near here.
Greater returns for amount Invested. Ad* New* Want Ad*.
Ukrainian Charges Shooting in Gotham Was Premeditated
Wos During Robbery Foreign Minister Hands B)vnei Protest; Cops Say
By MAX HARRELSON
LAKE SUCCESS, N Y. Nov. 23.—(ZP)-—Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitri Mauilsky today handed Secretary of State Byrnes a formal protest against what he said appeared to be a “premeditated attempt” on the life of Gregory V. Stadnik, a member of the Ukrainian delegation to the United Nations.
Manuilsky previously had told newsmen that he considered the shooting, which took place in a midtown New York delicatessan Wednesday night, as a “political crime.” The Russian press and radio also have attacked American authorities for failure to apprehend the assailants.
The protest was in the form of a long letter, which informed quarters said reviewed the shooting incident and called on Byrnes to “bring to justice” those responsible for the shooting.
These quarters said Manuilsky expressed doubt that the incident was a simple robbery, as maintained by New York police, and asked that the secretary of state make sure that the case was given urgent investigation.
He was quoted as demanding that Byrnes inform him “about the measures that have been taken.”
Manuilsky described the circumstances in which the shooting took place, when Stadnik along with another Ukrainian adviser, A. D. Voina. entered a delicatessen late Wednesday night and said he had come to the conclusion that this “is not simple robbery.”
Previously, Manuilsky had told reporters that he considered it a “political crime.” He declared in his letter that the shooting appeared to be “a premediated attempt” on the lives of the two Ukrainians.”
Two points were cited in the letter to bear out this conclusion:
1. The shooting took place in a store, near the hotel Plaza where Stadnik and Voina usually went at the same hour each day to buy fruit.
2. No attempt was made to rob the Ukrainians.
Mauilsky also said it was difficult to see why such a small store should have been the object of a robbery.
Sheriff af Mad i ll Arrests County AHomey, Others
MADILL, Okla., Nov. 23. (ZP*— Sheriff Joe Everett said today he had arrested the Madill county attorney and three other men in connection with the theft of nine cases of whiskey from the sheriff’s vault here Thursday night
The sheriff said he arrested County Attorney O. C. Barnes Gilbert Coe. Joe Isbell and Marvin Farmer Friday night and that they were released under bond after several hours confine ment
He said no formal charges could be entered except by the state attorney general’s office, since the county attorney was a-mong those charged.
District Judge J. I. Goins recommended release of the men on bond after their arraignment before Peace Jutice C. 6. Grider. Coe. Isabell, and Farmer were released under $2,000 bond each and Barnes under $500 bond.
Krug Warns of Suffering, Loss of Essential Services; Truman, Cabinet Confer
WASHINGTON, Nov. 23 —ZP) —“Drastic” coal rationing by local communities was urged by the government tonight while President Truman, back from Florida, conferred with three cabinet members on possible further moves to end the strike.
Secretary of the Interior Krug telegrapher all 48 governors a warning that emergency soft coal supplies are slim and suggesting that local communities plan now for closing amusement places an I even schools and extending the dimout if their stocks ru** low.
General Strike Hinted John L. Lewis still gave no sign of ordering the 490.000 bituminous miners back to work And A. Philip Randolph, president of the AFL Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, told a New York meeting that “it may come to the point where it will be necessary for organized labor to back the United Mine Workers with a general strike. The AFL sailors union of the Pacific a1 readv has pledged “full physical and financial support to Lewis* union.
Already the strike which became virtually total on Wednesday had bitten into steel production. Four of the biggest steelmakers shut down 87 blast and open hearth furnaces to save fuel.
Truman Into C'onferenres Mr. Truman, returning in midafternoon from a week s vacation at Key West, Fla., conferred immediately with Krug, Alto me v General Clark and Secretary of Labor Sc hwellenbarh as well is other advisors. Krug and Clar* have bs*en the field generals for the finish fight the president o: -dered against Lewis. Sohwellen-bach hitherto has not had an active role in the situation
A* the justice departmen* attorneys worked on the legal arguments they will present to Federal Judge T. Alan Golds borough on Monday in connection with the contempt citation against Lewis. Attorneys for Lewis also were busy at their headquarters.
Emergency Stock Small Krug, tightening ‘he freeze of bituminous supplies ordered in advance of the walkout, disclosed that it had netted less than two days’ normal production for emergency distribution beyond the supplies then held by dealers ar. i on docks.
“This critically small emergency stock,” he telegraphed the governors, ‘makes it imperative that you. by proclamation or other me ans, notify the committee's of your state that these supplies will soon bes* exhausted unless the most prudent and drastic rationing is applied b t the communities themselves.
“Each community should determine what activities should be given preference and what curtailed so that the health and general welfare of the community may be best maintained. The community should determine whether available coal stocks .should be conserved by dimouts, closing or restricting amusement places, closure of schools, curtailment of power for industrial purposes or whether in its opinion coal stocks available in the community are sufficient to justify no action.”
Freese Order Supplemented In two supplements to the previous freeze order, Krug barred railroads from taking over coal in transit and notified any shippers whose mines are operating to ship coal only on government orders for emergency users.
He issued a warning to “all industrial and domestic consumers” saying that “only by the strictest saving can widespread suffering and collapse of essential public services be averted.”
The government has ordered a 21-state dimout, more far-reaching than any in wartime, to save electric energy generated from coal. That and another directive curtailing passenger service on coal-burning railroad lines by 25 percent go into effect Monday.
mr Ask Rinks, J*
Have you seen a grocerman stick ’n Irish potato on th* spout o’ a coal oil can lately?
Mrs. Lem Wheeler bought a nickel’s worth o’ gum drops yisterday fer a quarter.