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Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - November 21, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma T"*!' “*• 0< th*1,901 phr”* b,i"9 d“" e°"lp<,r,d » ♦••■'"a* «"■”th«    facing    John    L.    L..i,,    rn    .he    light    of    ,h.    amMn,    „(    c,n,.mp,    piM    ,id„ Average Net October Paid Circulation 8601 Member: Audit Bureau of CirculationTHE ADA EVENING NEWS FINAL EDITION 43rd Year—No. 186ADA, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1946 FIVE CENTS THE COPY Coal Story In Question And Answer Explanation of Lewis' Actions, Difference Between Him and Government Bv JAMES MARLOW WASHINGTON, Nov. 21—(ZP)— Here, .n questions and answers, is the story of John L. Lewis’ coal dispute with the government. Q What’s the background'’ A. Lewis* miners struck for two months last spring when his contract with the mine owners ended and they refused his new' demands. To get them going again, the government seized the mines .and signed a contract with Lewos, granting many of his demands. The government wa* to hold the mines until Lewis and the mine owners finally agreed on a contract. This they have not been able to do. Wartime Law Holds Q. How could the government seize private property? A. Under a law' passed by congree in 1943 the Smith-Connal-ly act (the war labor disputes act)—the government can seize a plant or mine where a shutdown interferes with the war effort. This is strictly a wartime law', good only so long as the war lasts. But we re still at wfar, technically, until congress declares it ended. So, because we’re at war, the government’s seizure holds good. Q. What then? A. In October Lewis decided he wanted to change the contract— with the government — under which his miners had been working since last May. He said he wanted to re-open it to make changes. Q. What did the government sav"* Must Stand—Krug A Interior Secretary Krug was the government spokesman. He said the contract could be re-opened only if both Lewis and the government wanted it to be. But the government didn't want it re-opened. Therefore. Krug said, the contract must stand as is so long as the government has the mines. Q What did Lewis say? A. He said Krug w’as wrong, that the contract could be reopened if he alone w'anted it to be. He said. in effect, the contract could remain in force only so long as he, Lewos, wanted it to be. S >, on Nov. 15 Lewis served notice on Krug that he w’ould consider his contract with the government ended Nov. 20, w'hich was last night, at midnight. Word ‘Strike’ Not Used Q What did this mean? A It meant Lewis* miners would refuse to work after last night unless Krug gave in to Lewis. Q Was Lewis thus calling a coal strike? A. Not in so many words. Ever since the Smith-Connally act was passed in 1943. Lewis has been careful not to say his miners were on strike. When they refuse to work, he says simply they don’t work without a contract. It has the same effect as calling a strike. Under the Smith-Connally act anyone calling a strike in a plant seized by the government can be tailed.) Q. What did Krug do? A He and other government officials went into federal court Monday and asked the judge to issue an order to Lewis not to end his contract, or call it ended. Argues Lewis Breaking Contract The government argued that Lew is, by saying Nov. 15 the contract ended last night, was breaking his contract and w*as calling a strike in a government-seized mine, contrary to the Smith-Connally act. Q What did the judge do? A. He issued the order. In it LEWIS TO FACE CONTEMPT CITATION the judge told Lewis to take back ed further i'f'The his statement of Nov. 15: to live I?    ls the    Possibility of City Council Gels Report Library Work, Traffic Painting, Water Depart* ment, Airport Moves Included City Manager W. E. Hansen’s report was the principal part of the city council meeting Wednesday night. The report consisted of w'ork done by the city manager since the last regular meeting. It w’as reported that a contract for the library building work was let in accordance with the instructions issued by the council. Work is progressing, but slowly because of unfavorable weather conditions. A shipment of 40 gallons of traffic paint has been received by the city and an abandoned paint striping machine owned and discarded by the city has been salvaged and repaired and is being used to apply the traffic paint on downtown streets. Hansen made a brief report on tim water department which included the statement, “Evidence has presented itself showing where gross negligence and carelessness has prevailed in some instances in the water department. Reference is made to adjustments made by the city manager s office in cases where meters have been cross-connected to different consumers and in other cases where meter readings have not been taken.” No Money to Re-lay Line The city has no money available to re-lav a water line on South Francis that is scheduled to be paved. There is nothing in the contract about the water line being removed from the street to the parking. However, many of the property owmers in that district signed the paving petition with the idea in mind that the water line would be removed. Hansen said that it will cost the city $5,000 to move the line. The line has been giving trouble for some time, but that may be caused by faulty installation. No More “Informal Agreements” One councilman said that the whole thing had been loosely handled and “we should go on record of having no more informal agreements or understanding". ‘‘Considerable attention has been given to the airport requirements. The program, as it is understood by the city manager, is to have a bond issue of approximately $79,000 submitted to the people. This is to pay for the cost of the hangar and the erection of it with some minor improvements,” Hansen reported. It was mentioned that about $25,000 would pay for the erection of the hangar, which cost $22,000 and is not owned by the city, but by a group of men who underwrote it. On any work that is to be done at the airport that has nothing to do with profit making, the government is said to be whiling to pay on a 50-50 basis, but the actual construction of a hangar will have to be done wholly at city expense. Further Airport Investigation The city manager was instructed to further investigate the airport situation and made a concrete report to the city council. Some 30 days will be required to obtain necessary information, Hansen asserted. Another phase to be investigat- w o    Kelly, top side foreman of shaft No. 2 of the Moffat Mine, Sparta, Illinois, sits whittlin’ away His j<ob is an easy one since he is the only miner in the vicinity of the deserted, strike bound mine.—(NEA Telephoto). Lewis Sleeps Through It No Flutter et Residence et Deodline Passes, Morning Popers Bring Him News of U. S. Pions By KARL R. BAUMAN ALEXANDRIA, Va-, Nov. 21.—(AP)—The morning newspapers brought John L. Lewis news of what might be in store for him today. While a sidewalk crowd of newsmen and curious watched, a servant emerged from the front door of Lewis’ home in this suburban Washington community at 8 a. rn., picked up a newspaper on the porch and ducked back into the house. The headlines on Washington newspapers read! “U. S. Ready to Jail John L.” “U. S. to Ask Jail for Lewis.*' The lights at the Lewis home blinked out before midnight last night and the UMW boss apparently slept as the second general walkout of miners this year got under way. The deadline Lewis had set for expiration of his contract with the government passed at that hour without a flutter from his residence. Throughout the night nobody had entered the big old Colonial frame house; nobody had left. Once a newsman knocked on the door, wishing to inquire whether Lewis would have anything to say. The houseman who responded gave him this word: “Mr. Lewis is not to be disturbed.*1 A few of the curious, mostly ’teen age boys and girls, joined the waiting reporters and photographers from time to time, stood around a while, and left. his statement of Nov. 15; to live up to the contract; and not to encourage his miners to walk out. Q. What did Lewis do? A Nothing. Since he didn’t tell them to forget what he said Nov. 15 about the contract ending walking out of the mines even before yesterday. Q What can happen to Lewis for not obeying the court order? A If the judge decides Lewis has disobeyed him, he can hold him sn contempt of court and jail or fine him. Lewis, of course, will have some arguments for his defense. Q Can the court order hope to get the miners back to work? A Hardly, without word from Lewis to go back. The 400,000 miners being free men. can not be compelled to work. They can say they are not striking but choose not to work without a contract. The court cannot act against 400.000 men. The preacher John Wesley declared tea to be harmful to both body and soul. aweather! OKLAHOMA —- Much colder this afternoon and tonight with a cold wave north tonight; temperatures 20-25 north, 25-32 south by morning, generally fair west; cloudy, clearing cast tonight; Friday fair and colder cast and south. army engineers erecting the hangar. The engineers would have their own mobile equipment and could do the job much faster than a contractor could, and give trainees useful experience. (Continued on Page 2 Column 2) Wyatt Freeman In Tulsa Hospital With Asthma Rey* Mitchell S. Epperson was in Tulsa Wednesday, attending the annual state conference of the Oklahoma Social Welfare Association. While there he called on a former Adan, Wyatt C. Freeman, who is in Hillcrest Memorial hospital, suffering from bronchial asthma. Mr. Epperson reports that Mr. r reeman has been given a leave of absence from his teaching position and expects to go to Arizona as soon as he is able to travel. Mr. Freeman is in Room 253 ana would be greatly cheered by cards and letters from his friends in Ada. Mr. Freeman was for several years head of the vocal music in Ada High school and for a time also directed the high school oand and orchestra. He is now in charge of instrumental music at Will Rogers High school in Tulsa. City Buys Sewer (leaning Machine Will Speed Work of Unclogging Lines, Use Fewer Men The City of Ada has purchased a sewer cleaning machine that will take the place of several men when it becomes necessary to unclog a sewer line. The machine is a labor saver and will pay for itself in less than six months, as only two men arc required to operate it properly where from six to eight are required for a ‘hand labor’ job. W. E. Hansen/ city manager, says. In addition to labor and manpower saved, less than one-tenth the time will be required for two men to clean a sewer than is usually required from an eight man crew. The machine will also remove obstructions in lines that otherwise would have to be removed by digging a hole in paving to reach the trouble. Hansen said that the company will make immediate delivery. * *- AUCTION TO BE CLIMAX OF KINGFISHER TURK SHOW KINGFISHER, Okla., Nov. 21, (A»>_The fourth annual Kingfisher turkey and poultry show opened today and will be climaxed tonight with the auctioning of the prize-winning dressed turkeys. Twenty-two turkey growers in this area have entered 72 birds in the dressed-turkey contest. Last year’s grand prize winner was a 27-pound tom turkey exhibited by Virgil Lorenz of Hitchcock and brought the owner $16 a pound for a total of $432. TULSA, Okla., Nov. 21, CP)— Tile Shell Oil company has announced it will distribute Dec. 2 a bonus of one week’s basic salary to all employes in the Tulsa area who were on its payroll on or before Nov. 16. Homestead Law Not HH by Amendments Williamson Rules School Measures Will Not Affect Exemption OKLAHOMA CITY, Nov. 21, id > — Oklahoma’s provision for homestead exemption will not oe affected by adoption of the constitutional school amendments Nov. 5, in the opinion of the attorney general. The amendments, which provide revisions in school tax levies. were opposed by some group on the grounds they would make homesteads liable for taxation. Fred Hansen, assistant attorney general, prepared the opinion, which held that the wording of the amendments guarded a-gamst imposing the added tax on homesteads. In other opinions, the attorney general held: 1. An old statutory prohibition against the appointment of a Cleveland county resident to the board of regents for the University of Oklahoma, which is located in that county, was removed by a 1944 amendment establishing a constitutional board of regents for the university. 2. The University of Oklahoma board of regents should obtain legislative authority before turning over a building to a student cooperative group to establish a veterans’ grocerv on the campus. *- There are many eye-appealing and palate-tempting ways of preparing cauliflower. It is usually boiled and served with butter, lemon or Hollandaise sauce. It may be baked and served “au gratin,” and it is excellent when made into soups and fritters. Then, too, very young, tender clusters can be served raw, as is, celery, or included in a salad. -—if- Know the location of the nearest fire alarm box and the correct way to call the local fire department Hope Fading For Rexue Transport Crashed in High Alpine Area Swept By Bitterly Cold Winds PARIS, Nov. 21, UP)—American authorities at Orly airfield said tonight they feared the outlook was virtually hopeless for the ll persons aboard a crashed C-53 transport unless rescue crews reached within a few hours the spot in the Alps where the plane came down two days ago. They pointed out the 12,000-foot-high area was swept by bitter winds. U. S. army headquarters at Frankfurt reported a radio message saying eight of the ll were stretcher cases. The passengers included a brigadier general and the wives of three brigadier generals. Mystery Report Heard The Lyon airport radio station reported a message that "someone on the ground” had been sighted, but it did not know whether this referred to the plane’s occupants or to rescue parties toiling up the snow-clad slopes of the Mt. Cenis region. A mysterious radio message led to a premature announcement of the plane’s discovery. Col. Hilbert F. Muenter, ^commander of the U. S. European air transport service, made the announcement and then withdrew it. This message, saying the wreckage had been sighted on a glacier, was attributed to one of the search planes, but other planes said they had no knowledge of it. The Lyon-Bron radio annotine- .... rd a message from the C:53 at 5 of government management of Some Hard Coal Miners Joining General Walkout; Nation Is Preparing for Shotage of Coal Conservation Moves Stars and Stripes Still Wave Over Deserted Mines Cool Diggers Ignore Plea To Stay on Job in Government-Managed Mines PITTSBURGH. Nov. 21, <A»>— A general walkout by the United Mine Worners shut down the nation's soft coal industry today. The 400,000 United Mine Workers in the bituminous fields predicated their walkout upon what John L. Lewis regarded as a termination of the union’s contract with the government. Traditionally the miners do not work without a contract. The walkouts spread into the anthracite field of Pennsylvania, with 7 500 employes of eight large mines quitting work. The hard coal industry employes 80.-000 miners, who are under a contract separate from the bituminous one. The situation in the fields was generally calm. Miners simply failed to show up at the pits. A representative of the solid fuels administration said at Pittsburgh that the walkout is “definitely on.” The Stars and Stripes—symbol p. rn. (IO a. rn., CST) saying "we want to live.” Weather Closing In A C-54 circled the area IO hours in clear weather without sighting any wreckage. The weather was beginning to close in as the pilot left the district. Earlier U. S. army headquarters at Frankfurt reported a radio message saying eight of the ll persons aboard the C-53 were stretcher cases. The Istres airport said a Panamerican Airways plane had sighted the transport, but Panamerican reported from its Turin office that none of its planes that landed there had sighted the wreckage. Adan's Kin Lost Life in Colorado 'Former Atoka Mon Freezes To Deo th on Rescue Trip Tile body of Russell Northcutt, 21, is being returned to Atoka from near Holly, Colo., where he was found frozen to death last Friday. He is a nephew of H. L. Bullard. 415 East Eighth. Mr. Bullard has received a letter from Colorado giving background information involving the death of his nephew. Northcutt was driving a tractor through the snow en route to some trucks that were stalled several miles from his farm. He apparently left his tractor after it become stuck in the snow and tried to find the stalled trucks, hut is believed to have lost his way in the snow I and was frozen to death. Northcutt and his wife moved 1 to a farm near Holly, Colo., last March. The man drove his tractor from the farm Saturday, Nov. 9. and it was Friday, Nov. 15. when the body was found, Mrs. Northcutt and her son, who was born Wednesday. Nov. 13, will return to Tupelo where they will make their home with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. F. O. Sliger. Funeral arrangements will be announced later. the mines—still waved over mine properties deserted by grimy-faced coal diggers who chose not to heed the government’s plea that they remain at work. Picture By States The state-by-state picture: West Virginia —All 102.000 miners walked off jobs at 605 commercial pits in the nation’s leading coal state. The Chesapeake and Ohio railroad expected to reduce shifting crews as soon as all coal is pulled from sidings. Pennsylvania—All 100.000 soft coal miners in western Pennsylvania idle. Walkouts spread to anthracite fields employing 80.-000 in eastern Pennsylvania. Kentucky—All the state’s 50,-000 UMW miners were idle, closing 260 large mines. Approximately 1,000 progressive mine workers were still on the job in four large mines and about 5,000 independents were working 1,250 small truck minis. Illinois—All mines employing UMW members closed, idling 20.-000. About 850 progressive mine workers also did not report for work. However, other progressive mines operated. The progressives have about 18,000 members in the state. Alabama—UMW mines in the southern steel state were down IOO percent, idling 20.000. Some 2,000 men kept working at nonunion operations. Maryland -IOO percent walkout in western Maryland’s two coal-producing counties, normally employing 2.500. A spokesman for one group of miners said they would be permitted to dig coal for a miners’ hospital and local schools if fuel supplies run out. Other states reporting complete walkouts, included Ohio, 20,000 miners; Virginia, 16,000; and Indiana, 8,000. The nation-wide shutdown of soft coal choked off the flow of vital fuel to industries and homes.   - Early English law required every tea merchant to have a selling license. Truman Still Vacationing Rides German Sub; Subordinates Follow His Orders In Cool Dealings By ERNEST B. VACCARO KEY WEST, Fla., Nov. 21 -(/Ft ~ President Truman proceeded today with his vacation schedule as the nation’s soft coal miners deserted the pits and the government went ahead with plans to press contempt proceedings against John L. Lewis. Donning tan slacks and a pink sports shirt, the president took a ride on the U-2513, a former German submarine captured shortly before the close of th* war. One of the “schnorkel’ type, it is the object of examination at this naval submarine base. Reporters, questioning presidential press secretary Charles G. Ross as the party boarded the vessel, were told “there’s nothing new—no developments’’ on the coal strike from temporary White House headquarters here. “All we know is that they (the miners) wont out,” special counsel Clark M. Clifford said. Ross said the White House staff here had not talked since last night with Attorney Geenral Tom Clark and Interior Secretary J. A. Krug, government operator of the mines, in whose hands the administration’s next step has been left. Great Britain is approximately three times the size of Ireland.  — . When tea was first used in England it cost $30 to $50 a pound. Greater returns for amount In vested. Ada News Want Ads. May Get Five More Pounds of Sugar Prediction Made 1947 To Bring Higher Ration Nov. 21.—(A*)—James H. Marshall, director of the agri-culture department’s sugar branch, predicted today that consumers may get five pounds more sugat in 1947 than is being rationed to them this year. The ration entitles everyone to 25 pounds this year, including IO pounds canning allowance. Under Marshall’s forecast, the 1947 direct supply would be 30 pounds. An additional quantity averaging about 48 pounds per person is used in manufactured food pro ducts, soft drinks, candies, and the like. Marshall said this quantity might be increased to an average of about 54 pounds through allocation of larger supplies to the manufacturers. Marshall gave this preview of the 1947 sugar outlook in a talk prepared for a meeting of the American Bottlers of Carbonated Beverages. The sugar official expressed the opinion that “for the present’ lifting of price controls and ab andonment of sugar rationing would “not be in the best in-terests of the industry or of the ultimate consumer.” I say those things because sugar is still in very short supply and you men know quite well that decontrol could result in a substantial increase in price,” he said. Five of a Kind m ,0*rarcr.,han f°ur-of-a-kind in poker are quintuplet calves like those pictured above. The four biills and a heifer were born f'lfher Th ” F.a‘rbUry.’ NeU ,0 a red sh°rth0f" ™ and HereforS lather. They are pictured as, accompanied by three railroad freight agents on account of their value, they arrived in a specially equipped private baggage car at Grand National Livestock Exposition, San Francisco. U J. Has Dale WHI) Eclipse of Sun Moon to Throw Shadow Across Nation NEW YORK. Nov. 21. <JP>-The Hayden Planetarium said today that residents of Augusta. Me. would have what amounts to the best grandstand seat in the United States to view the partial •clipse of the sun on Saturday, which will be visible over most of this country and Canada. Robert R. Coles, associate curator at the Planetarium, said the partial eclipse would reach 64 per cent at Augusta. The partial eclipse will be caused by the moon passing between the sun and the earth, throwing a part of the moon’s shadow across the earth and screening a portion of the sun. the phenomenon will begin at 9:52 a. rn. (CST), reach its climax at 11:26 a. rn., and end at 12:59 p. rn. Coles cautioned that anyone who wishes to observe the partial eclipse without risking eye injury should use dark glasses or gaze at the sun through overexposed film. The finest and most subtle flavor often comes from a blend of several herbs rather than just one. Read The News Classified Ad*. Being Planned To Meet Coal Famine Government Attorney* Expected to Go Into Court Some Time Today Bv Th* \««orUt*4 Pr*«* WASHINGTON, Nov. 21—GP)— Assistant Attorney General John Sonnet! left the justice department for federal court at 2:15 p. rn. (CST) today to ask thai John L. Lewis be cited for contempt. Son nett arrived at the district court building a few minutes later and promptly went into the chambers of Judge T. Alan Golds-borough. Judge Goldsboroufh, who enjoined Lewis from permitting a coal mine walkout last Monday— an injunction which Lewis had disregarded—had adjourned his court seevral hours earlier. court several hours earlier, could be acted on in chambers, however. The government moved quickly to cite John L. Lewis for contempt of court today as a general walkout of UMW miners occurred in the soft coal mines. Reports from the field indicated some anthracite miners were joining the 400,000 bituminous diggers in a stoppage that could eventually touch all industry. W’ork suspension came in the face of government pleas to keep the mines going. Lewis, who disregarded a court order to restore the effectiveness of the miners’ contract w'lth the government, continued silent. The United Mine Worker boss was at his home in suburban Alexandria. Va., and as the morning passed there was no indication that he planned to come into his Washington union headquarters. There were indications there that Lewis may have made arrangements for an extended absence from his office. It was known that he spent much of yesterday answering mail and otherwise clearing his desk of pending business. Court Clears Routine By noon today, government attorneys were expected to go be-fort Federal Judge T. Alan Golds-borough and petition for a contempt citation th it might subject him to fine or imprisonment. However, midday came and went with the government attorneys still in consultation and indications that there would be some delay in their appearance in court. Judge Goldsborough disposed of routine matters before him during the morning and adjourned his court for the day shortly before 12 o’clock. He left the court building for lunch but aides said he would be in his chambers later in the afternoon. FWA And CPA Into Action Orders went out to cushion the impact of a prospective coal famine. Federal Works Administrator Philp B. Fleming ordered a return to wartime heating and lighting strictures in all federal buildings throughout the countrv which depend on coal. Fleming said he will seek to reduce temperatures to the wartime level of 68 degrees. The* order affects approximately 300 buildings in the capital alone. The Civilian Production Administration prepared a directive designed to help ration artificial gas. produced from coal. The same agency pondered an electricity conservation order. Local Leaders Involved In all-out action, the administration was reported also preparing to seek punishment for any local union leaders or others who (Continued on Page 2 Column 2 TH' PESSIMIST Br R*a> Rhwka, J* ^ ou can blow your own horn, but it ain’t music I’ anybody's ears except yours. Clothes may make th* woman, but generally she has t’ first “make” a man. ;