Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - November 15, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma
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rra«* Net Ociobrr Paid Circulation 8601
Member; Audit Bureau of CirculationTHE ADA EVENING NEWS
43rd Year—No. 181
U. S. Insists Veto Power Be Retained
Firm Against Elimination or Modification of Big Power Privileges in Security Council; Favors Rare Use of It
By MAX HARRELSON
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y., Nov. 15.—(AP)—The United States announced its firm stand today against any amendment of the United Nations Charter to eliminate or modify the big power veto privileges in the Security Council.
At the same time it called on the other four major powers to restrict the use of the veto voluntarily to “the very tare and excepiinal cases.”
^ American position was set
forth in a 9-point program byADA, OKLAHOMA, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 15, 1946
Japan Can Be Friend, Ally
May Need Her Some Day,
Says Lacerdo; Bewildered People Must Learn Democracy
Bv HAL BOYLE;
NEW YORK. Nov. 15-—<AP>—
Can Japan, beaten and prostrate enemy industrial leader of the Orient, become friend and ally of America?
“Yes. says John Lacerda, world war veteran and roving c ^respondent of the Philadelphia Even.ng bulletin.
* It will shock a good many persons, but the stalk reality is that the new Japan can become a k >od friend and ally of the United States.” he said.
May Need Her Some Day
* She may one day be our first line of defense in the atomic war which men who despair over the greedy in; penal ism of nations fear is inevitable ”
He says most Japanese prefer America to Soviet Russia—as a master.
His views are contained in one
cf the first and best summaries of ire first vear of occupation in Japan—“The Conqueror Comes to Tea.” subtitled “Japan Under MacArthur” (Published by Rutgers University press).
It is another of those ‘‘correspondent books’’ which publishers sa\ have flooded the market but which they issue because the ror-i e<p indents, by and large, ate AUM producing the best word pictures of what is happening abroad.
He plares’tho u fur e of Japan I XT
pc partly en The United States, the j The charter obl,«at,ons under
country which played the major role in sending it back from
sa »rds to flowers
ment including of course that of
Sen. Tom Connally (D-Tex), first representative of the big powers to reply to the attack on Hic veto which was launched in the general assembly’s 51-member political and security committee yesterday by six small nations.
Connally warned bluntly that “division between the great powers over intervention or the use of force might result in vcar instead of peace” but declared that the veto must not be used to “frustrate” the functioning of the council.
He did not mention Russia by name, but in what appeared to be' a reference to the frequent use of the veto by the Soviet Union he declared that the permanent members of the council “have no right to cast a vote in any narrow or nationalistic or selfish interest.”
“Let there be no embezzlement of power by the Security Council or by any member,” he said.
Connally declared flatly that “any amendment to the charter is impossible at this time,” but expressed the hope that agreement among the five big powers “may make it possible in the future to modify” the use of the veto.
The American position, Connally said, is as follows:
“I. We regard the principle of unanimity as of the highest importance for the success of the United Nations.
“2. We believe that the responsibility imposed upon the great powers by the charter requires them to exert every effort to reach agreement on important issues before the Security Council.
“3, We reaffirm the position we took at San Francisco that the veto should be used only in the very rare and exceptional cases.
“4. We insist that the use of the veto cannot relieve any state from
—rn . mm ate
SUfc? If ,?\'NK: Off P.°vincetown Massassachuaett*. the G e r rn a n Submarine U-977 is sunk bv tao L. S navy sub. The Atule. Broken in half by the force of the explosion as it was struck by a new type lethal torpedo, the U-977 rises out of the water before pluMh5«"o the boN
—(NEA Tc^nhoio HUt lhf >ri‘P.arte agreement as is considered to be “routine.”
(NEA Iclephoto by Hariy Lederhandler, taken from a navy blimp).
“5. We do not favor amendment of the charter at this time, alit is up to us” he writes “The ! thou«h that full agree
. i ment inrluHtnit r\t _
Japanese nation is today in a state cf flux. The people are be-w.lderedL The teachings and begets of centuries are dead or dying The nation gropes, childlike, for something secure.
If we can successfully shape lav to the pattern of dcmoc<
the five permanent members may make it possible in the future to modify the practice of great power unanimity as it applies to the peaceful settlement of disputes under Chapter VI.
“6. We believe that the voting formula should be clarified in the
we -nail not regret the re- VV , snoul<? De clarified in the
, then Japan will 8j 2,. e*P^nence and practical
5 I If we fail, then Japan will ;«*-------------------r,‘-VMV"‘
again become a festering sorel u , Security Council should ■ P t we appear to be succeeding.• ! m #K uP°n this task at the ear-
Step by step we have been draw- practicable time.
t. In particular, we believe that the Security Council should agree upon as complete a list as i
Both Houses Organized
Democrats Elect House, Senate Leaders; Plan Senate Rules Revisions
ire the nation out of the morass
All of It Isn't Pretty
The rest of the book is a multilayered sandwich in which La-cerda rn successive chapters lays f are the impact of a conquering white culture upon a proud brown people — m their work, their schools, their beliefs.
He has some scathing statistics on American Army carpetbaggers.
they cost the U S. Treasury $8.-000 (XKJ a month for a year), white exporters who hope to reap a q-iCK profit from Japan s misery, ana native plav-with-the-gang-in-power boys who are still doing business at the old stand. This despite the some 2.000 directives issued by the Allies to force the J a panes*- house into order.
Lacerda is careful to give both sides of the story and makes it t lear democracy-- and other western ways—will have hard going in Japan.
Clearing Up Sewer Break
Where Line Had Gone Bad, Workmen Find Where Old Boiler Pipe Used
A portion of sewer line from
Constant avenue to the O. C. A
Twelfth is being replaced because the old line has deteriorates. Jetting an odorous scent drift
about that section of town.
I he “smelly” condition was reported to the city manager, who
directed a crew of workmen tc check the I.ne and determine the
re na i rs necessary.
When workmen started their investigation, they found some Poller pipe that had been laid as a sewer J.ne years ago.
The old pipe that was found nid not meet any present speei-f cat. r.s and Cliv Manager W E Hansen said that he doubted if it ever met any specifications.
Hansen said that he tried to find additional information about the sewer ne, but found no rec-rds were available on that particular lob
possible of types of decisions where the veto does not apply.
OKLAHOMA BANKS ARE GIVEN AWARD
OKLAHOMA CITY, Nov. 15.*
—For the ninth consecutive year. Oklahoma banks have been given the “1.000 point aw'ard” by the agricultural commission of the American bankers association for outstanding service to farmers.
News of the aw*ard for 1946, * inquire made at the commission meet-ing in louisville, Ky.. came today to Banker Dan W. Hogan.
Hogan said the award is based upon both the regular services of providing adequate credit for expansion of livestock and crop production and for special services such as financial support for soil erosion control and boys and girls club work.
OKLAHOMA CITY. Nov. 15, ‘‘^—Organization of both houses for the 21st session of the state which convenes Jan. 7 was completed at democratic caucuses yesterday.
Following the pattern set at unofficial meetings last week, the house elected Raymond Board, Boise City, speaker; Claud Thompson, Antlers, speaker pro tempore; R. Rhys Evans. Ardmore, floor leader and Paul Ballinger. Holdenville. assistant floor leader.
In the senate caucus. James C. Nance, Purcell, was chosen president pro tempore; Perry Porter, Miami, floor leader, and Ray Fine, Gore, assistant floor leader.
Gov.-elect Roy J. Turner spoke briefly to both caucuses, expressing his thanks for the support pledged by the democratic legislators. He urged their cooperation with the incoming administration.
Committee Heads Irater
The newly selected leaders, whose official approval is a formality at the opening session of the legislature in January, indicated committee chairmanships in both houses will await later decisions.
Board said House committee heads would in general follow the pattern he announced last week. Nance announced he would name a committee on committees to choose committee personnel near the start of the session.
The senate caucus wasted no time in getting down to business, reemploying two of its veteran employes. Secretary J. William Cordell and Journal Clerk Miss . W. E. Shipley. Other employes will be named later.
Research Committee Likely
A committee headed by Rep. Grace Mitchelson. Commerce, will choose house employes.
Senators authorized Nance to name a “research committee to into various campaign
Oklahoma — Rain tonight and Saturday turning to snow pan handle Saturday afternoon; somewhat warmer east tonight; lowest 38 pan handle, 50-60 remainder of state; colder western two-thirds Saturday with freezing pan oTcauu rn me vj. c . a. I handle by night; rain east and A. railroad tracks on East' s9u*h, snow northwest Saturday
.. I. _ I . . I nioht onrl ConJn... . L I J _
assertions which have created general comment over the state; study the proposition of employing technical advisors for the senate in the next session and name a committee to revise senate rules to speed procedure and streamline the committee system.
When Nance takes his post as president pro-tempore, he will become the second man in Ok-lahonia history to have served as presiding officer of both houses of the state legislature.
The five-day-week has contributed to a railroad freightcar shortage because of the typing up 1 of cars over week-ends.
night and Sunday; much colder Saturday night and Sunday with cold wave northwest Saturday night; temperatures 20-25 northwest. 35-40 east and south by Sunday morning.
Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma and Nebraska-—Colder Nebraska, and northwest half of Kansas Saturday and rest of district Sunday then gradually warming over district beginning in west portion of district Monday but becoming colder again in West Nebraska Wednesday; temperatures will average 5 degrees above normal except near normal West Nebraska and northwest Kansas; scattered light showers Nebraska and Kansas Saturday and Oklahoma and Missouri Sunday and in west Nebraska and northwest Kansas again about Wednesday; average
To Lump War Time Agencies
Government May Group OPA, CPA and Others Into Single Liquidating Unit
By JOHN W. HENDERSON
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.—nPi —Its low-cost clothing program junked, the government reportedly is on the verge today of lumping OPA, CPA and possibly some other wartime agencies into a single liquidating unit.
This followup to President Truman’s sweeping decontrol order last weekend has been the subject of conferences among stabilization director John R. Stedman, budget bureau officials and representatives of the extinction-bound agencies themselves.
At their peak they held a tight grip on most prices and much of the nation’s production and distribution facilities.
OPA, which now has control only over rent, sugar, syrup and I ice ceilings, last night announced plans to whittle its present staff of around 34.000 workers down to 15,600 by February I and to reduce its 64 district offices to branch status by December I.
CPA Into Action
Simultaneously, the Civilian Production Administration took another long step toward casting off its remaining restraints by abolishing the low-cost clothing program.
Under that setup textile manufacturers were required to channel specific percentages of their output to clothing makers who were required to produce certain quantities of low and medium priced garments.
“The termination of all price controls on textiles,” CPA said “has made (this) no longer practicable. There is on basis for continuing these restrictions either on the producers of the fabric or on the manufacturers of the clothing.”
The agency added that even though it might have retained set-asides, priorities and production controls, it was “no longer possible to ensure that the items for manufacture would be held to prices within the low cost field.”
Skeleton Staffs to Remain
OPA said its staff reduction plans contemplate employment of ! not more than 17,500 persons on Jan. I and not more than 15,600 I on Jan. 31. These figures compare with a peak of 63.426 on July 31.1945, and 35.067 a month ago.
While announcing that its 64 district offices will be “closed to the public” on Dec. I., OPA added that certain divisions will be maintained in the same locations to handle sugar controls and enforcement duties.
Rent control will continue to be administered by existing area rent offices under the supervision of the eight regional offices.
Other agencies mentioned as likely to figure in the proposed liquidating consolidation are the
TWA Pilots' Strike Ends
Agreement Reached for Arbitration of First Big Commercial Flier Walkout
By JAMES J. STREBIG
WASHINGTON. Nov. 15, <•«— The Trans World airline pilots’ strike—the nation's first major walkout of commercial fliers— ended today with an agreement to submit the dispute over pay and working rules to arbitration.
Paul E. Richter, executive vice president of TWA, and David L. Bechncke, of the AFL Pilots union—signed the agreement at 5:12 a rn. (EST) in the office of Chairman Frank P. Douglass of the national mediation board. Nearly nine hours of continuous conferences over the final wording^ preceded the signing.
TWA said it expects to put its first planes into the air about 7 a. rn. local time Saturday, with transcontinental flights starting from both coasts.
The walkout of approximately 1,000 pilots Began October 21 over demands for higher pay for pilots and copilots of four-engine planes. It grounded 115 aircraft along most of the company’s 28.-000 miles of route on three continents, threw nearly 15.000 nonflying employes out of work anc cut off $2,000,000 in weekly revenue to the company.
While initial flights will begin tomorrow, at least two weeks will be required to restore the lines full schedule.
The agreement signed this morning ends the strike by Jeav ing to the decision of a three-man panel a number of disputed points. Most important of these are the rates of pay for pilots and copilots on Douglas Skymas-ters and Bbckheed Constellations flying domestic and internation a1 routes; the question of a minimum monthly pay for pilots in the international service: the
question of flight time limitation for pilots in the international service, and whether there should be a new bidding procedure for runs.
Sale Has 47 Hew Producers in Week
But 42 Others Dry; Strike Of Week Globe-Vickers Test in Gory in County
i (Continued on Page 2 Column 4)
Re<,d Th# News Classified Ads , orbital™ Foreign Liquidation Commissi#
a zvas. i precipitation quarter to half inch. I plasma worth about $10,000,000.
BLOOD PLASMA ON BLACK MARKET: A Chinese newsoaper-wh?rhn ShanKh<y.\ China, holds a box of American blood plasma kit Th n(A* se-linR lor,52o.OO (U. S. money) on the Black Mar-ForVi^n T n SS on November 14 demanded that
?ae ‘f Jim1‘I?!!?.? UFI. ,ba£k. some 290 tons of the
TULSA. Okla., Nov. 15.—(£*) Oklahoma’s oil men brought in 47 new producing wells good for an initial crude output of 7,451 barrels daily the past week and five gas wells with an output of 19.770,000 cubic feet per day.
But 42 other w*ells over the state were dry and abandoned by their operators.
Top strike of the week was the Globe and Vickers No. 4 Primm in NW SE SW of 29-3N-2W in Garvin county which produced 1,056 barrels daily from a depth of 6.636 feet.
Oklahoma county also was the scene of two excellent wells. The Sinclair Prairie Oil Company No. 2 A. H. Crabb in NW SW NW of 3-14N-1W was good for 828 barrels from 5.979 feet; and the Magnolia Petroleum Corporation’s No. I B. C. Housel in C SW NW of 10-12N-4W made 484 barrels at 7,250 feet.
Two best wells in cotton county. still the scene .of lively oil activity, were the S. F. Hutchinson No. I Calloway in SE SW SE of 4-3S-11W’ completed for 360 barrels at 1.632 feet.
The Skelly Oil company got two 300-barrel wells in Stephens county in the No. 3 Romine “B” in NW SE SE of 14-1S-5W. good for 355 barrels daily, and the No 7 Frensley ”D” in SE NW NW of 25-1S-5W. good for 380 barrels.
A book about the history, cultivation and use of tea appeared m China in 780 at the request of th# tea merchants. J
FIVE CENTS THE COPY
U. S. Under Fire Of
— — — - — ^
Chiong Calls Assembly, Reds I Rebels Would
f«ck toD J-eov*\ dinting Civil ii. p ..
War to Blaze Higher Than Ever rOISCy
By HAROLD K. MILKS
NANKING. Nov. 15. *.T>—
Chiang Kai-Shek called the national assembly into session today as the boycotting communist delegation hinting that China’s peace hopes were sunk, packed its bags to leave Nanking.
Tile departing communist leader. Gen. Chou En-Lai, said darkly that the government’s “unilateral decision” to go ahead with the assembly would send civil warfare—flaming in north China—blazing higher than ever.
While the communists and the democratic league stuck to a decision not to send delegates, the generalissimo stood before the assembly and hailed it as the beginning of constitutional government for China.
The day of political tutelage ip China, he said, was now over. Among the listening delegates was Madame Chiang. The assembly adjourned until Saturday, when the first preparatory session will be held.
Course Not Clear Yet
It was not immediately clear what the government proposed to do next. The convention, made up mainly of Kuomintang (government) party delegates, is charged with the task of drafting a new constitution.
Chiang delayed opening the assembly four days ago in one last effort to bring the communists and the league—the two other major parties—into the convention.
This effort was pressed through long and wearying night sessions
without success. The communists insisted that first the government must return vast stretches of communist territory seized since last January.
Red Charges Chiang Wang Ping - Nan, communist spokesman who is No. 2 man on the delegation, warned that if the assembly met “there will Im? no more negotiations.” Apparently. Chou realized
Chiang meant to plow straight ahead, because he told the Associated Press last night that he was leaving for the communist
Hot Debate Due Monday Over Demand tor Divorcing U. S. in Foreign Dealings
By LD CREAGH
LONDON, Nov 15 OFI—A demand for an immediate chanst* in British foreign policy, which has caused a critical cleavage in the ranks of the ruling labor part’.. will come before the house of commons Monday for debate. Speaker Douglas Clifton Brown ruled today.
Cabinet sources left no doubt
?A"uZ$zS"and "mv m,s-
i I * # t . their power the proposal bv more
Only glint of hope was his than 50 labprite rebels for restatement that a “peaceful solu- casting British foreign policy so lion is still possible.” But he as to avoid what they termed an
----- ------.cat UKy I*-: men an
said it before the assembly met. “inevitable conflict” between the
..... * Soviet Union and the United
It appeared certain that with*
Chou asserted that Chiang was “tearing to pieces" last January’s cease firing agreement reached at an all-party conference in Chungking.
He indicated the communists would now launch a counter-offensive. saying it had been withheld last month rn the hope that peace still was possible.
He warned that if the government loosed its rumored offensive against Yenan “it means they will be forcing their way into the Holy Land of liberated China and we will fight back.”
“Civil War.” Chou said, “already is on a nation-wide scale, but the political split resulting from the government’s unilateral assembly naturally will aggravate the situation.”
Lewis Rejects U. S. Proposal
Truman Soys Krug's Offer Fair and Equitable, Bast For All Concerned
By HAROLD W. WARD
WASHINGTON, Nov. 15.—(ZP) —President Truman checked squarely to John L. Lewis today responsibility for any pre-winter soft coal mine shutdown. Lewis promptly moved to end his working contract with the government.
At the same time the president, terming the government’s proposal “fair and equitable,” called for its “serious reconsideration.” He declared a second look will convince the United Mine Workers it is “for the best interest of all concerned.”
In a formal statement, Mr. Truman said the government cannot replace private management as the bargaining agent with the coal miners “without interfering with true collective bargaining between management and labor.” Krug’s proposal, the president said, “has been accepted by the Bituminous Coal Mine Operators’ negotiating committee.”
Mr. Truman’s statement wa* issued at the White House shortly after Mr. Truman boarded the yacht Williamsburg for a trip to Annapolis. The president’s departure had been delayed about an hour by last-minute conferences with Krug and Reconversion Director John R. Steel man.
Krug proposed to convene the mine workers and the operators’ committee tomorrow or soon thereafter for a two months bargaining session.
During this truce, the present contract would remain in operation.
Under the proposal, which was attached to the president’s formal statement, the mines would be returned to private operators by January 16 if no prior agreement could be reached.
The president said he wras ‘’thoroughly familiar with this proposal and I consider it eminently fair to both mine workers and operators.”
For the first time, Mr. Truman disclosed that Attorney General Tom Clark had taken the same position as Krug in holding that the present operating contract was “clearly applicable for the full period of government operation.”
The president said the attorney general “further informs me that it makes no provision for reopening, without mutual consent, to discuss new wages, hours or other employment terms.”
“It was intended to be replaced by a direct employer-union contract,” Mr. Truman said.
OKLAHOMA CITY. Nov. 15. —Gov. Robert S. K6rr today appointed Floyd L. Jackson, Lawton, district judge of the fifth district to serve the unexpired term of Toby Morris, who resigned this week.
Morns, also of Lawson, was elected sixth district congressman. Nov. I.
Wyatt Hoi About Offer to Trade Influence for Fees
Housing Boss Wonts Investigation of New York Lawyer's Mysterious Bid
WASHINGTON. Nov. 15. Housmg Expediter Wilson Wyatt called upon Attorney General Tom C lark today to investigate a “mysterious” New York law-! yer’s alleged offer to trade asserted government influence for 5400.000 in stock and $180,000 in counsel fees.
In the background is a many-sided dispute involving:
1. The $1< 1,000,000 government-owned Dodge-Chr) sler war plant in Chicago.
2. The Tucker Corp. of Chicago. a new automobile manufacturing firm.
3 The Lustron Corp, also of t h ira go. a prefabricated housing concern.
*L . Wyatt s national housing administration, which wants the government to lease the Dodge-t hrysler plant to Lustron for the assembly line manufacture of homes for veterans.
5. The war assets administration. which already has leased the huge plant to Tucker.
Wyatt’s demand to Clark for an immediate inquiry followed a statement by Preston Tucker, head of the auto firm. that he had been approached by the New ^ ork lawyer with an implied offer to help him in the lease dispute.
Taking up the story there, the housing expediter said that in less than two climatic hours the lawyer tried to talk Tucker into signing contracts purporting to affect the success or failure of Tucker’s bid for the wartime plant.
Wyatt’s statement said the lawyer presented the contracts to Tucker at noon on October 28 and stated that unless thev were signed by 1:30 p. rn., the national housing administration would issue a directive at 2 p. rn. turning the plant over to the Lustron Corp. Such a directive was issued on that date.
Wyatt quoted Tucker as saying the unnamed attorney “intimated he could use his influence to stall action bv the office of the housing expediters in transferring the plant” to the Lustron Corp.
PHOTOGRAPHER^TO MEET IN OKLAHOMA CITY IN 1947
OKLAHOMA CITY, Nov. 15. j *,p>.—c. T. Baker, photographer * today announced that the photo- 1 graphic societ of American will meet in Oklahoma City Oct 8 to ll, 1947. Photographers from all parts of the world usually at- ' tend.
It will be the first time the I meeting has come west of the Mississippi river.
The code of tea from which the Japanese tea ceremony is deriv- j rd was formulated bv Lu Yu. a j Chinese, who wrote in 780 A. D
the full force of the government and conservatives under Winston Churchill both hood up behind Foreign Secretary Ernest BeVin’s conduct of foreign affairs the cabinet would receive a thumping vote of confidence, if the issue comes to a showdown vote.
Won t Press For Vote The so-called “Bevin chasers,” sponsors of an amendment to the kings parliament-opening speech from the throne demanding that Britain's foreign policy be tied neither to that of Russia or the united States, have already announced they do not intend to press for a vote, however.
Some of the insurgents, themselves had said privately they would not vote against the government, but intend to carry out in debate their already sharply worded criticisms of what the*/ call “Revmism.”
Hector McNeil, minister of state, has been designated to carry the ball for the government in the debate, expected to be the hottest in the house of commons since labor took over the government 15 months ago. Suggestions that Bevin might fly home from New York to defend himself were discounted in official circles. Leaders Fear Disunity F,ffect Prime Minister Clement Attlee and leading ministers are quite openly concerned about the split in labor’s normally solid ranks, particularly because of the impression of disunity it might give abroad primarily in the United States and Russia.
Laborite Tom Driberg, one of the sponsors of the amendment, capped a free hitting argument n the house last night with a hotly worded attack on Britain's close ties with the Urn tee States and a demand that Britain become more friendly with Russia. He said the United States was the only great nation in the world where some “ordinary people wanted war ”
Says America Inflamed He maintained that America was inflamed wuth “war fever'* and asserted that Britons never would follow Foreign Secretary Bevin “to war, now or m five years time, against Soviet Russia in partnership with the barbaric thugs of Detroit or the narrow imperialists of Washington or Wall street ”
Brendan Bracken, a member of the conservative opposition w hica has supported Bavin’s foreign policy, interrupted Briberg with the comment that “several hundreds of thousands of young Americans died in the war and he (Driberg) should refer to the country more civilly,”
But Dr I berg retorts that it was in the United States that “worship of the dollar xxx and racial intolerance was most widespread.” War fever in that country, he said, was inflamed by the "more disgraceful newspapers such as those of Hear st and McCormick.”
Laborite W. M. War bey, an-
(Continued on Page 2 Column 4
ny Rote HlMka. H,
Well, this might be a pretty good time t’ start.” replied Lem Wheeler, when Junior said he expected t* set
th’ world on fire.
Some fellers win in a walk. while most o’ us run into trouble.