Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - May 31, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma
. . . t rn ,Stalin's doctors adviso him against taking long journey to Washington; considering his authority in Russia, he could tell the doctors what to advise if it suited his purpose not to tome.
Partly cloudy to cloudy; scattered showers and thunder storms central and east this afternoon.
THE ADA EVENING NEWS
Average Met April Pate Circulation
Member. Audit Bureau of Ctrculatloa
43rd Year—No. 40ADA, OKLAHOMA, FRIDAY, MAY 31, 1946
FIVE CENTS THE COPY
Truman Taking Up Hard Coal Wage Dispute
Advisers Oppose Seisure Of These Mines; Soft Cool Owners Soying Little
By HAROLD W. WARD
WASHINGTON, May 31.—UP) —The costly soft coal strike settled. President Truman today tackled the problem presented by the tieup of the anthracite fields with his advisers counseling against seizure of these mines.
A high official who could not be quoted directly said the advice was based on the hope that the anthracite industry will shortly agree to terms similar to those in the government 'contract which ended the soft coal shutdown.
There was the feeling, too, that the government had more time leeway in dealing with this dispute. Unlike soft coal, only about 20 per cent of *he anthracite production goes to industrial use. The remainder is used for home heating and similar purpose^ so production stoppage will not be felt widely before cold'weather.
Expect 76,000 to Quit
It was expected that some 76,-000 hard coal miners in the Pennsylvania fields would be made idle by the hard coal tieup which started at midnight, but meanwhile the vanguard of 400,000 bituminous miners were on their way back to the pits. And John L. Lewis. United Mine Workers chief, predicted that volume production of soft coal can be expected by Monday.
In the anthracite dispute top government officials expressed belief that agreement could be reached within a short time along the lines of the bituminous conli act which Lewis signed with the government Wednesday to end the 59-day-old soft coal controversy.
Bituminous operators were keeping quiet about their reaction to the contract which gave their employes $1.85 increase per day and $59.25 pay for a five-day week, plus a welfare and retirement fund financed by a five-cent royalty on each ton of coal. Until the operators agree to a contract with Lewis, the mines will con-t.nue to be operated by the government.
The welfare fund, most spectacular of Lewis’ demands for the bituminous miners, would yield $25,000,000 to $30,000,000 annually. It is to be administered by a board of trustees consisting of one member picked by Lewis, one picked by Secretary of Interior Kl ug who is boss of the mines for the period of government operation. and a third chosen by the other two.
Soft Coal Operators Unhappy
Krug has said he wants to select as his nominee a person of outstanding ability, whose name will mean something to the public, and who can add to the continuity of operators when the coal producers eventually take back their mines from the government. He estimated a week' or ten days would be required to select the trustees, whom he insists should be interested in the task to be done rather than the expected high salary.
The soft coal operators said $200,000,000 was a conservative estimate of the cost of the Krug-Lewis contract but they made no official comment on the agreement or its terms. They seemed unhappy, how’ever.
Government officials estimated that the soft coal cost to consumers would rise 30 to 35 cents a ton as a result of the contract. Privately, producers thought it might go to 60 or 75 cents in some operations.
MERGER REPORT TODAY
WASHINGTON. May 31, <.P>— A report from top ranking military and naval advisers on his proposal to unify the army and navy is expected today by President Truman.
He recently gave the secretaries of war and navy until today to reconcile their differences on coordination of the armed forces.
Such a report, Mr. Truman told a news conference, will reach him today and he wall discuss it with the officials on Tuesday. 1[-
Head the Ada Newfs Want Ads.
First Peace Time Memorial Day Observance
Oklahoma — Partly cloudy to cloudy; scattered showers and thunder storms central and east this afternoon and south central and extreme east tonight; little change in temperature tonight; Saturday partly cloudy, scattered thunder showers southeast, warmer panhandle; outlook for Sunday fair and warmer.
Forecast For May 31-June 4
Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma and Nebraska—Gooier Saturday, warming Sunday and Monday; cooler Tuesday and Wednesday; temperatures will average within 3 degrees of seasonal normal; shewers and thunder storms Monday and Tuesday, diminishing Wednesday; rain amount light Nebraska, western Kansas and western Oklahoma and moderate to locally heavy Missouri, eastern Kansas and eastern Oklahoma.
Truman’s Emergency Labor Program Under New Attack
Big Strikes Set Back Output Of Major Goods Three Months
President Truman led the nation in its first peac; time Memorial Day observance as he placed a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.—(NEA Telephoto).
Heavy Rains, Storms Sweep Across Oklahoma Overnight
President Means To Use All Means To Keep Ships Running
WASHINGTON, May SI, (A**— President Truman said today he will use every means in his pow cr to keep the ships running in the event of a nationwide maritime strike.
The president told his news conference he would use the navy, the war shipping administration, the coast guard—and the army as well—if necessary.
At the same time Mr. Truman said the labor controversy in the maritime field looks very dark.
The administration, he added, is making all necessary preparations to keep the ships goihg and nothing will be left undone.
Seven maritime unions confronted ship operators with a unified demand today for wage increases of 22 to 35 cents an hour as the price for calling off a scheduled June 15 walkout by 200,000 longshoremen and seamen.
The labor department, under whose auspices the parties are negotiating, recessed the sessions until 2 p. rn. tomorrow so that the operators may study the proposals.
An operator spokesman said these proposals “go far beyond anything asked before.” Bridges, however, declared some of the unions had more similar ones individually during negotiations which began seven months ago.
The joint union committee said that failing agreement by June 15 “all ships will be struck with the exception of troop ships and relief ships, with agreement to be reached either with the government or private employers to operate such ships under fair and equitable conditions.”
If it materializes, the walkout w'ould tie up shipping on both coasts and the gulf.
Lowery In Jury
Trial Ends Deadlock
TAHLEQUAH, Okla., May 31.— UP)—The swift trial of Vance J. Lowery, 40, an Indian agent charged with murdering his pretty secretary, Juanita Butler, 27, ended in a jury deadlock last night.
Rainfall Continues in Southern Counties; Lightning Causes Damage at Oklahoma City; Wheat Harvest Gets New Setback
For Ada—rain starting about 9 p. rn. Thursday, continuing through night and into Friday, recorded 1.23 inches by 7 a. rn. Friday making 2.70 in three nights; stormy looking cloud of late Thursday sent number of people to cellars here—but nothing happened.
By The Associated Praia
Heavy rain and electrical storms, accompanied in some areas by hail, lashed at Oklahoma overnight and the fall of rain was continuing today in the southern tier of counties.
At Oklahoma Citv, lightning caused thousands of dollars worth of damage to the spire atop the O.C.U. administration build: and injured two persons.
The two, Mrs. A. J. Kramer and her son, Danny, were struck by a lightning bolt as they stood under a tree at their home.
Both were recovering today.
Muskogee Has High Wind
At Muskogee, high winds accompanying a thunderstorm smashed windows and awnings in the business district.
Streets wfere flooded during the torrential downpour.
Small hailstones accompanied the rain at Oklahoma City and some fell at Lawton and in southern Jefferson county.
Damage to crops was not believed serious from the hail, although the heavy rainfall was delaying harvest of wheat in every section struck.
In Tillman county, where heavy rains fell overnight, farmers, a-bout one-third through with their harvest of wheat, were delayed. Fields Are Quagmires
Ids were t
was impossible for harvesting machine^ to operate.
In addition to the hail at Lawton, in Jefferson county and in
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WASHINGTON, May 31.—(ZP) —That new car and new refrigerator are three months farther awav from the average American family today, the government estimates, because of the soft coal tieup and other strikes.
This report on the outlook was issued by John D. Small, civilian production administrator, who recently urged that congress prohibit strikes for six months to let reconversion sprint instead of hobble.
Despite reconversion’s s t o p-and-go progress. Small’s monthly production survey revealed, industry in April set new marks for consumer goods production— \?cord highs for washing machines, men’s suits, vacuum cleaners and electric irons, and postwar records for a dozen other scarce items. •
Scars To Be Lasting But this, he pointed out, occurred before effects of the coal strike were felt. That stoppage, he raid, cost the country $2,000,-000,000 worth of production and the economy will “bear the scars x x x for many months to come.” The pressure toward higher prices also was intensified by the coal shutdown, according to OPA Administrator Paul A. Porter, in another statement issued last night.
It has “delayed the time in a*shot upwards to 177,000, a 51 per-number of cases at which price cent gain over March and 12 per-ceilings can safely be removed,” cent above prewar output.
Perter declared, and was “ex- Refrigerators — 143,000 pro-t»*emely costly to the stabilization duced. a new high since VJ-day
Sees Manpower Shortage
and 24 percent over March. Vacuum cleaners—174.000 pro-
Even if stiikes disappear duced, 8 percent over March and quickly from the industrial pie- ja one-month record. lure. Small foresaw another jewing machmes-28.000 made. check to production developing J” chan«e, ,r.°"} March and only in the closing months of the year pci cent of the prewar rate, when ho said a ••severe" man- 1 Electric ranges—23,000 shipped power shortage is likely. fro™ factories, about the same
Reporting on strikes during the percent of pre-
first four months of the year, he ViJStSJ wXOtLjuvf nm in
reported they had cost more man- £ Ii; ,»!♦? -382,0(W made^ rn
days “than ever before in the slightly better than the
country’s history ” prewar rate. No report yet on
Yet employment climbed in i non non
Apri1 to 54,600,000 and the num- 1 5? j A *2? 1,000,000
ber of jobless began to drop for P*. I5C jr011^ ii sarne aJ Ihe first time since the war’s end. Marc^ an(* within IO per cent of
Should employment rise another 2,500,000 this year—and such a rise seems certain xxx —employment will hit the 57,-000,000 mark, defined in some
th- prewar rate.
Automobiles—Production soared 67 percent to a total of 150.-000 cars. Truck output at 81,000 was double th * March total. However OPA said rn view of the
quarters as ‘full employment’ for lv\'’ ♦ V i Sow
the postwar transition period.” , J. s it is doubtful whether
the OPA administrator predicted. . Production of either auto-
Summary Of Gains I SSS?-* trUC“S W,H *qUaI Apnl
The actual achievements of | Tires—Passenger and motor-Apiii, in summary, show these cycle tires climbed 4 percent to gains in consumer goods produc- | 5,600,000. Truck and bus tires
f>°n- [ were the same as in March, about
Washing machines shipments 11,400,000.
Field^vrerfe^agmire astate Deep Coal ^^^^^M|Mlncr$ Gloomy
District Judge E. A. Summers dismissed the jurors and declared prison hMpiUl."stwn was sent-
Binghaa Extorted Mer Admitting He
Had Slain His Wife
McAlester, Okla., May 31, (iP)—With a request on his lips for God’s forgiveness for the slaying of his wife, Alfred Clarence Bingham of Tulsa died in the electric chair at the state penitentiary shortly after midnight today.
In a dramatic 4*£ minute statement, Bingham told a handful of officials and newspapermen “I want you folks to look at a guilty sinner.” * He blamed the death of his wife on his drinking habits.
After praising prison officials and shaking hands with them, Bingham darted saying a prayer but half way through began sobbing and then burst into tears.
He was strapped into the chair and the current was turned on at 12:09 a. rn. Thirty eight seconds later it was shut off and he was pronounced dead by the prison doctor at 12:11 a. rn.
Stanley Steen, who was scheduled to die with Bingham, cheated the chair by committing suicide just 24 hours previous when he slashed the veins of his right arm with half a rusty razor.
He died soon afterwards in the
a mistrial when they reported they were hopelessly deadlocked after deliberating five and one-half hours.
Lowery, a married man, maintained on the witness stand that Miss Butler, a 1939 graduate of Haskell Institute shot herself. He testified she took a pistol from the glove compartment of his automobile parked on a remote mountain road and began firing wildly the night of January 23.
He said she slumped in the seat and he took her to a Tahlequah hospital.
County Attorney Houston B. Tehee, citing the five bullet holes found in the automobile, contended circumstances refuted suicidal or accidental death.
enced to death for the slaying of penitentiary guard Sergeant Pat Riley during an attempted prison break Dec. 31, 1943.
Bingham was found guilty of slaying his wife, Mary, in 1943 after pleading insanity at his trial.
Appeals to higher courts on the grounds he was insane also failed. A last minute effort to save him by his mother who appealed to Gov. Robert S. Kerr and Pardon and Parole Officer A. B. Rivers also was for naught. Both told her they could do nothing.
KERR AND GROUP TO SEE RED, WASHITA RIVERS
OKLAHOMA CITY, May 31.— _ , ,(£*)—Gov* Robert S. Kerr and a
Lowery admitted he had “clan- f group of state businessmen were
destine intimate relations” with his secretary, and Assistant County Attorney June Bliss argued the agent was “a thwarted lov*er about to be spurned.”
Actor's Mother Dies.
LOS ANGELES, May 31.—(ZP) —Actor James Dunn’s mother, Mrs Jesse Dunn, 78, died last night with her son and only survivor at her bedside.
Mrs. Dunn, born in Jersey City, N. J., came here 14 years ago when Jimmy broke into the movies. Dunn’s acting in “A Tree Grows in Brooklyn” won him an academy award as the outstanding male supporting performance of 1945.
U. S. prewar consumption of rubber was 600,000 ton* annually.
scheduled to leave today for a two-day inspection tour of the Red River and Washita river arms of Lake Texoma.
The party will spend tonight at the ranch of R. T. Stuart near Caddo after inspecting the Red River arm. Tomorrow it will tour the Washita river arm.
The State Fish and Game commission and Tulsa district U. S. army engineers will supply boats for the trip.
Wayne Morris’ Baby Dies
HOLLYWOOD, May 31.—(ZP)— The four pound, ll ounce son of Actor Wayne Morris and his wife died last night, IO hours after its birth by Caesarean section.
Mrs. Morris is the former Patsy O’Rourke. Yesterday was the second anniversary of the birth of the Morrises’ first c^ild, Pam.
Baar Corner Rally Slopped by Ratal
Good Crowd, Candidates Were Ready, Mooting Rescheduled for Juno 5
Rain stopped the political rally at Gaar Corner Thursday night before the first speaker on the program got a chance to make his talk to a large crowd of interested persons. The Gaar Corner rally has been rescheduled for Wednesday night, June 5.
Most county candidates were on hand for the rally, but agreed to call the meeting off when rain started falling and the crowd started leaving.
Candidates were pleased with the interest shown by people in the Gaar Corner community and believe that there will be an even larger crowd next Wednesday night.
A political rally was held Tuesday night at Francis and another large crowd gathered to hear candidates.
Most of the political activity in Pontotoc county this week has been among candidates for county offices. Thqre will possibly be candidates for state offices at the three meetings scheduled for next week.
(ase Strike Control Bill Puts President On Hoi Spot About Future Labor Measures
Mine Leader Says Now Agreement to Bo Rough On Miners Later
OKLAHOMA CITY, May 31 — OP)—A gloomy outlook for Oklahoma’s deep shaft coal mining with 3,000 out of work and most mines shutdown because of the new coal wage agreement was predicted by Earl Wells, president of the Oklahoma-Arkansas district of the coal operators association.
Wells, in an interview yesterday, said the new agreement was rough on the operators now and would be rough on miners later. He described it as the “final punch.”
The higher cdsts would make Oklahoma coal too expensive to sell locally in competition with oil and gas, and with added shipping costs, would be unable to compete with out-of-state production, Wells pointed out.
“We won’t feel it immediately because any fuel is highly in demand now, but when the edge is taken off present demand, a lot of mines will be closing,” Wells said.
He described Henryetta as 'he last frontier of coal mining in Oklahoma and said only five mines are working now, compared with 38 a few years ago. -k-
From Sept. I, 1939, to the end of the war, the motor truck industry produced 2.600,000 trucks and military vehicles. Including parts, this repreesnts an output j value at $8,600,000,000.
lf Ho Votoos It, Cong rots May Avoid Any Labor Legislation ut All
By D. HAROLD OLIVER
WASHINGTON, May 31.—(ZP) —President Truman found himself today on a political hot spot.
He must decide whether to sign the Case Labor Disputes bill at the risk of incurring labor’s en
Doctors Said ** To Stalin Invitation To Visit Washington
Truman Still For Measure
Sonata Defeats Taft Effort To Limit Emergency Lobar Application
WASHINGTON. May 3*» —(ZP) —The senate beat down today on a 45 to 35 vote an attempt by Senator Taft (R-Ohio) to limit application of President Truman’s emergency labor legislation to public utilities, transportation, steel, oil and coal.
This followed by a few hours President Truman’s news conference statement that he still v ’ heartediy favors the legisl .ion, including the striker-draft provision which the senate has removed.
In a sudden change of lineups, democrats who have been opposing enactment of the measure rejoined party regulars to scuttle the Taft proposal on what was almost a strict party vote.
These democratic opponents, apparently intent on making the legislation as objectionable as possible to its critics, furnished the margin by which the Taft amendment was defeated.
Voting with Taft were most of the republicans and only three democrats. Senators O’Daniel of Texas. Walsh of Massachusetts and Wheeler of Montana.
Barkley Opposed Majority Leader Barkley (Ky) opposed the proposal on the ground that disputes affecting the national interest might arise in industries not included in those categories.
Taft contended that his list included all those holding potentialities for trouble on a national scale.
Mr. Truman told his news conference that he is still wholeheartedly in favor of his proposal to induct into the armed force# men who strike against the government.
Says Provision Misunderstood He said this provision, already struck out of house-approved emergency legislation, had been grossly misrepresented and misunderstood. It was not intended as a provision to draft labor, he said, hut to draft citizens in an
WASHINGTON. May 31— (ZP)
President Truman announced I «»^r6cncy. mity or to veto it and take the today he invited Marshall Stalin | , f"1 hour later Taft, chairman chance of getting no labor legis- 1° visit Washington about 30 days ! republican steering com*
latten at all from congress des pite fresh strike threats.
If he vetoes, he has no assurance the measure will not be passed over his opposition. A veto, if sustained, might serve to cool some of the intense labor heat engendered by Mr. Truman’s drastic temporary strike - curb proposals.
What of New Strikes?
But what about the hue and cry if new strikes occur and the senate meanwhile does nothing about the president’s emergency program, which was passed overwhelmingly by the house?
So tough did his decision appear today that middle-of-the-road senators, when asked what the president might do, simply retorted:
“What would you do?”
But senators wno hold to rather extreme views on both sides of the labor question were not so unwilling to forecast the political consequences of a veto.
For example, this was the view of Senator Ellender (D-La), one of the 13 democrats to vote Wednesday against striking out the president’s draft - labor clause from the emergency bill but nevertheless a suporter of the
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George Robson Wins Indianapolis Roca
George Robson, winner of the 30th renewal of th? Indianapolis Speedway race, gulps down a quart of milk at the completion of the grind. He drove the complete distance with a lapsed time of 4 hours, 21 minutes, 16 7/10 seconds with an average speed of 114.820 miles pe rhour. He piloted a Thorne Engineering Special. The man at his rig it with the broad smile is his mechanic.—(NEA XClCpllOlO^g
ago, but Stalin declined because his doctors advised him against a long journey.
At a news conference, Mr. Truman said that he asked Stalin to make a social visit here while the Paris conference of foreign ministers was in progress. The conference ended two weeks ago.
It was his second invitation to Stalin to visit Washington, the president said. The first was made the time of the Potsdam conference last summer and refused by Stalin for the san e reasons of health.
Asked whether he had any plans for seeing Stalin elsewhere, Mr. Truman replied he had no immediate plans.
No Conference Flans Now
A newsman asked whether this was significant since the answer could mean that negotiations were underway for a Truman-Stalin conference, sometime in the future.
Mr. Truman said however, that his reference to no plans in the immediate future did not mean that there was a plan in the works.
The subject came up at Mr. Truman’s meeting with reporters when he was asked w-hether he had any plans to see the Russian chief of state. He replied he had no immediate plans. He then added that he would be glad to see Stalin and had in fact invited him to visit Washington on two occasions.
Asked when the invitations were sent, Mr. Truman replied that one was sent about 30 days ago and the first one was extended during the Potsdam Big Three conference.
Same Reason Each Time
Each dime, Mr. Truman explained, Stalin had replied that his doctors did not want him to take a long journey.
Areporter then inquired wheth-ed he had any plans to meet Stalin elsewhere.
No plans in the immediate future, Mr. Truman replied.
Another newsman sought comment on the exchanges between Foreign Minister Molotov of Russia and Secretary Byrnes over efforts to write a European peace and how those exchanges might affret peace conference prospects.
Speculation has been that the deadlock between the foreign ministers is so tight that, as Senator Pepper (D-Fla) has been insisting in the senate, only a meeting of the chiefs of state could make progress.
Mr. Truman, however, declined to comment on the peace conference situation or the Byrnes- Molotov exchange.
A single cylinder of the engine in the nose of the Fireball develops more than 150 horsepower, or greater power than the entire engine of an automobile.
mittee, spoke to the senate. He proposed that congress form legislation clothing the president with drastic emergency powers but holding that authority in abeyance until both houses approved an implementing resolution when any emergency arose.
The Ohioan told his colleagues that even without the draft provision. the emergency legislation now before the senate would give unlimited powers to the president under which he could "take over all business in the United States if he chose.”
“Too Much Power”
Taft said that under terms of the pending bill the president could declare any strike unlawful and “put strikers in jail” if they refused to heed court injunctions which the attorney general could obtain.
“This bill makes the president a complete dictator,” Taft declared. “We ought not to have legislation of this kind until an emergency arises. We could provide the machinery and stipulate that it shall never go into effect until passage of a joint resolution by congress.”
Mr. Truman told his news conference he was asking only power to draft citizens in an emergency.
Would “Deputise” Aides
Even a sheriff, the president remarked, can deputize any citizen to enforce the law.
He merely wanted authority to deputize experienced men to work for the industries seized by the government, Mr. Truman explained.
The president’s assertion at his news conference came after
(Continued on Page 2, Column 2)
■lr Bob Blanks. Jk
Now that they’re talkin' o* buildin’ houses o’ rubber, maybe th' hon e stretch will bv a little easier.
Love may make th’ world go ’round, but it takes a durn sight more than that t’ make a small salary go ’round.