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Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - May 28, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma WEATHER Showers and thunderstorms and w indy tonight and Wednesday. I THE ADA EVENING NEWS Average Net April Paia Circulate. 8131 Member. Audit Bureau of Ctrculatioa 43rd Year—No. 37 Glass, Long Time Congressman, Dies Father of Federal Reserve System, Once Member Of Cabinet, Died in Washington Hotel Room WASHINGTON, May 28.—(AP)—Senator Carter Glass of \ irginia, long-time member of congress, “father of the federal reserve system” and once a cabinet member, died early today of heart failure. The oldest member of the senate, he was 88 last Jan. 4. MrsJMTells U. N. Council Freedom Of Information Needed ADA, OKLAHOMA, TUESDAY, MAY 28, 1946 By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER NEW YORK, May 28.-(fl>)— Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, chair-man of the United Nations commission on human rights, told the U N. economic and social council today that freedom of information was “absolutely necessary.” Presenting the report of her commission’s work this month Mrs. Roosevelt said that ‘‘only free information of what happens to people forms true public opinion.” “And only public opinion can enforce a bill of rights,” ; ne added. “No bill of rights is any good that can't be enforced.” Her commission has proposed a world bill of rights. Mrs. Roosevelt said that the commission on human rights felt that freedom of information included all types of communications — in radio, books, movies, magazines and the press. The report of the sub-committee cm the status of women was given by Mrs. Bodil Begtrup of Denmark, chairman. She propos-i*d that a United Nations conference on the status of women be called and that governments not now granting full suffrage to women do so. While the economic and social council received reports of committees. the security couhcil’s subcommittee investigating Spain met in a secret session. The sub-committee weighed a challenging suggestion from Spanish republicans that they and unspecified allies might seek to overthrow the Franco regime by force unless the United Nations took action against Franco as a threat to world peace. Pecan Tree Spraying Should Start This Week Says Hailey C. H. Hailey, county agent, Monday afternoon pointed out that this is the week for owners of pecan orchards to start applying the firsg spray for the control of the pecan nut casebearer. J. V. Crabtree of the Wilson community reported to the county agent that he sprayed 147 trees over the weekend, using one of the mixtures recommended by the department. In case a grove is heavily infested with casebearers, the second spray should be applied seven days after the first. Two mixtures, No. I or No. 3, are recomended at this time of year. If a pecan grower is interested in casebearer control a-lone. the No. I mixture should be used. If a grower is interested in scab control along with casebearer control, the No. 3 mixture is prescr. )ed. For best results, trees should be sprayed not later than Wednesday of this week. The No. I mixture consists of six pounds of lead arsenate, six pounds of hydrated lime and three quarts of summer oil. The No. 3 mixture is composed of six-two-100 Bordeaux, six pounds of lead arsenate and three quarts of summer oil. Complete details and outlined information can be obtained from the county agent’s office. ANADARKO. * May 28.—UP)— Teams from Oklahoma City, Sand Springs, Pryor. Alex, Hominy, Tecumseh, Kingfisher, Loyal, Apache, Binger and Dallas, Texas. have participated ii* the 18th annual croquet meet at Anadarko. Claude Farwell and Clyde Howard, Oklahoma, were the defending champions. d Death came in his apartment at the Mayflower hotel, where he lived with his second wife, Mary. Flags on the capitol were lowered to half-staff. Senate leaders planned to adjourn the senate out of respect to Glass immediately after convening at ll a.m. (EST). The senate banking committee, which was scheduled to give further consideration to OPA legislation, also called off its meeting. Glass was a member of the committee. Glass had been so ill that he was unable to appear in the senate since June, 1942. Because of this a Virginia republican sought unsuccessfully last year to have his seat declared vacant and a WEATHER OKLAHOMA — Showers and thunderstorms and windy tonight and Wednesday; not much change in temperature: low temperatures tonight 63-73. a—— Forecast For May 28 - June 4 Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma and Nebraska—somewhat cooler in Nebraska. Kansas and Oklahoma Wednesday and Missouri Thursday, followed by warmer in entire district Friday and Saturday, cooler Sundav; temperatures will average j-6 degrees above seasonal normal; showers and thunderstorms Tuesday night and Wednesday and eastern Missouri Thursday and again over district on Saturday and over Missouri Sunday; precipitation amount will total moderate to heavy in all portion*. Senator Carter Glass of Virginia, Congressman, member of Wilson's cabinet, and Senator for many years, ends long public service. special .election called to name a successor. Virgnia courts threw the suit out and the supreme court declined to review the case. Secretary of Treasury After winning elections nine times as a member of the house, Glass resigned in 1918 to become President Wilson’s secretary of the treasury. He left the cabinet in 1920 to accept appointment as senator and was re-elected five times, most recently to a term expiring in 1949. President Roosevelt offered to make him secretary of the treasury again in 1933, but Glass declined. It was generally known that his reason was failure of the president-elect to give what the Virginian would regard as satisfactory assurance of a “sound-money” policy on the part of the forthcoming new deal administration. Got Credit for Reserve System Glass received much of the credit for creation of the federal reserve system because of his part in drafting the federal reserve law when ne was chairman of the house committee on banking and currency in 1913. He was bitterly displeased when Roosevelt abandoned the gold standard. He also broke with the administration over the NKA, crop reduction, spending and the 1937 supreme court reorganization plan. Nevertheless Roosevelt, who fondly callec. him ‘‘an unreconstructed rebel,” remained his personal friend. Mrs. Aurelia Glass died in 1937. The senator married Mrs. Mary Scott Meade of Amherst, Va., a widow many years his junior, in 1940. • His son Powell, newspaper executive of Lynchburg, Va., died last July. * *- County 4-H Boys Win State Honors Frank Jared of Byng and J. G. Lovelace, Jr., representatives of Pontotoc county in the Oklahoma 4-H Club Round-up at Stillwater won first place on their team demonstration, C. H. Hailey, county agent, announced early Tuesday afternoon. The title of the demonstration was Pontotoc county’s Dairy Improvement Program. BANKS, SOME OTHER FIRMS TO CLOSE THURSDAY Ada bank officials reminded the public Tuesday afternoon that both Ada banks will be closed all day Thursday, Memorial Day. A number of Ada business firms have agreed to close for the holiday. Most county offices will also be closed. STAR WINS PRIZE NEW YORK, May 28.— (ZP)— Louis Calhern, star of ‘‘The Magnificent Yankee,” today won the annual award of the Barter theater for “the outstanding performance by an American actor on the current New York stage.” The prize: A ham and an acre of land on a mountain near Abingdon, Va. MONEY TO BUTCHER LONDON, May 28.—(ZP)—A grateful woman customer in meat-rationed England left $80 in her will to her butcher, Henry Langman, because he waited on her with ‘‘a perpetual smile.” Chinese Want Settlement Evarything Elsa Expactad To Follow Naturally Whan Manchurian Situation Settled By GRAHAM HOVEY WASHINGTON, May 28, </P>— American officials today belittled Foreign Minister Molotov’s contention that a British-American bloc waged “an offensive against the Soviet union” at Tans. Secretary of State Byrnes maintained silence for the moment, but others declared privately that the United States delegation to the foreign ministers’ conference never had acted “on previous agreement” with British as Molotov contended in a full-page statement in Pravda yesterday. In fact, they said the conference record shows frequent differences between the Americans and British on important issues. Answer To Radio Report There was no-doubt in government and diplomatic circles here that the Molotov charges represented the official Kremlin answ er to Byrnes’s rac»o report on the Paris conference last week. Officials noted that Molotov lifted bits of Byrnes’s phraseology in giving his own side of the foreign ministers failure to agree on peace treaties for Germany’s former European allies. Byrnes said in his radio talk: “We must not try to impose our will on others, but we must make sure -that others do not get the impression they can impose their will on us.” Molotov declared; “Certainly, no self-respecting allied state will allow the will of another state to be imposed on it.” Byrnes cited the need of an “offensive for peace” and said the United States had started such an “offensive” at Paris. Molotov said the “so-called offensive for peace xxxx is sometimes merely expressed in a desire .to impose the will of the two governments (U. S. and Britain) on the government of a third state.” Difficult To Draw Line Byrnes, with Soviet tactics in eastern Europe obviously in mind, said it is difficult to know when the action of a nation could be ‘‘ascribed to its quest for security or to its desire to expand.” Molotov acknowledged that it is “difficult to draw a line between the desire for security and the desire for expansion,” but said the hope of the United States for bases in Iceland is not dictated by security.” Officials with years of experience in dealing with Russia said they do not believe the Molotov statement necessarily constitutes a bad omen for resumption of the foreign ministers’ meeting in Paris June 15. They said Molotov had only reaffirmed Russia’s position on several major issues in the usual blunt Soviet manner, and noted that it would be unusual for anv of the four ministers to talk of concessions or compromise this far in advance. Students Continue To Enroll, College Beehive of Activity aa East Central State college was a beehive of activity Tuesday morning as the first classes of the summer term met. Activity in the halls and the scarcity of parking space was reminiscent of prewar days. Enrollment figures are not as yet available as many latecomers are still in the process of enrolling. All of the administrative officers were still ‘snowed under’ taking care of re-classifications and ne / enrollments. Vets and highschool graduates, now classified as college men and women are swelling the enrollment to the largest since 1942, it was estimated by some official observers at the college. Col. (live Murray 6eb Special Award* OKLAHOMA CITY, May 28.— OT)—Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, national selective service director, presented the army’s distinguished service medal to Col. Clive E. Murray, Oklahoma’s retiring draft director, at ceremonies at the state capitol yesterday. The citation called attention to Murray’s distinguished and meritorious service in meeting Oklahoma draft calls, and at the same time marshaling essential manpower to enable the state to set unprecedented wartime records in industrial and Agricultural production. Murray was scheduled to leave for Borden general hospital today to receive a physical checkup before quitting his post this month. He expects to return to his duties as president of Murray state school of agriculture at Tishomingo about June I. FIVE CENTS THE COPY End of Coal Strike Predicted As Conference Continues TULSA, May 28.—(ZP)—W. C. Berry, Tulsa investor-builder, has announced that Wilson Wyatt, national housing expediter, is expected to visit Tulsa soon in connection with price ceilings on new homes. Most Miners' SIHI Sinking Mony Express Hope That Contract Dispute Will ' Soon Be Settled By The Associated Press Virtually all of the nation’s 400,000 AFL-United Mine Workers were still on strike today— but many expressed hope the contract dispute would soon be settled. In Washington, Secretary of Interior J. A. Krug reported that “some progress” had been made toward agreement with UMW Chief John L. Lewis. The coal fields continued quiet. Approximately 20,000 members of the Progressive Miners Union, an independent group, worked. Troops Guard Miners At Madisonville, Ky., fully-equipped armored troops stood guard at the Pond River colliery as the strip mine operated at full capacity. None of the miners were union members, but there was no picketing or disorder. Maj. Robert H. Graham, fifth service command public relations officer, announced at Columbus. Ohio that a company of mobile infantry is touring the Kentucky coal mining areas to protect miners who want to go to work. West Virginia, the top coal producing state, had only 30 nonunion and strip mines in operation yesterday as most of its 104,-000 UMW workers failed to show up at the government-operated pits. Pennsylvania had only 5,500 of its 100,000 miners working as the U. S. employment service announced it was holding up distribution of jobless compensation checks to some 60,000 miners pending an indicated appeal by bituminous operators. Some Miners Working The Ohio Coal association reported all of its union-manned mines were shutdown. AU of Illinois’ 23,000 UMW members were idle but 18,000 progressives worked under a separate truce extending to June 15. The state-by-state coal picture; Arkansas-Oklahoma — Incomplete reports showed no miners working. Kansas-Missouri — All operations shut down, with an estimated 1,200 to 1.500 miners idle. *- Senator Thomas Waiting Adion From House Group WASHINGTON, May 28. LF)— Rep. Stigler (D-Okla) plans to ask the house tomorrow to waive its rules to consider and adopt legislation authorizing the return of the Grand River hydro-electric project to Oklahoma state control. He predicted no objection would be made to consideration of the bill out of its regular order on the calendar and without house rules committee approval. Unanimous consent is required. Speaker Rayburn (D-Tex.) has abreed to the calling up of the bill, the Oklahoman told a reporter, and both majority leader McCormack (D-Mass.) and Minority Leader Martin (R-Mass) told him they know of no objection. Senator Thomas (D-Okla), who has introduced similar legislation in the senate, said he is waiting for house action. Commerce committee leaders have assured him his bill will receive favorable action as soon as a committee meeting can be called, he said. Besides permitting the interior department to return the hydroelectric plant to the Grand River Dam authority of Oklahoma, the bill authorizes issuance of new bonds and cots the interest rate on the bonds from four to 2 Vz per cent. Rep. Johnson WHI Star in Washington WASHINGTON, May 28.—UP) —Rep. Jed Johnson (D-Okla.) ccncell'd today plans to accom-p ny Secretary of War Robert Patterson to Oklahoma City and Fort Sill, Okla. The secretary had invited Johnson to go with him by plane to Oklahoma City where he is to, appear before the National Gov- , ernors’ conference Wednesday i and to go on ti Fort Sill that afternoon. Patterson expects to remain ii. Fort Sill Thursday. Johnson explained he would be unable to make the trip because the senate-amended Case labor bill is scheduled to be taken up in the house Wednesday, and legislation involving terminal leave pay for veterans is to be taken up later. Red Rocks on Which Peace Conference Foundered ■—■e-sr broncos on Italian colonics cased when USSX abandoned claim ta solo trusteeship of Tripolitania. U. S. favors UN control Map above spots the most controversial points upon which the Big Four foreign ministers failed to agree at their recent Paris peace treaty conference—a failure that Secretary Byrnes laid squarely on Russia's doorstep in his ensuing report to the nation. U. S. Officials Deny Charge Secretory of State Byrnes Silent, Others Declare There Had Been No Previous Agreement By JOHN RODERICK NANKING, May 28.—{/¥')—A delegation of the third party democratic league arrived today to open talks with government and communist leaders designed to bring peace in Manchuria. “We are very hopeful of a peaceful settlement.” Dr. Carson Chang, league leader, told the Associated Press. “Everything else will follow naturally as soon as the Manchurian situation is out of the way. The communists appear willing to stop fighting.” A youth party representative to participate in the peace parley is expected here tomorrow. Three “Principles’* Meantime, the government’s Central news agency specified three “principles” it termed prerequisites to negotiations and Chiang Kai-shek, in Mukden, was reported to have announced two conditions upon which he would resume truce talks. The agency’s conditions were enumerated in an editorial circulated by the ministry of information. It added that the government could not recognize “dem-* ocratic” local governments established in Manchuria by the communists. The agency’s editorial said it “warmly welcomed” resumption of peaceful negotiations and announced these three conditions; 1—Communist forces should evacuate the Harbin-Tsitsihar-Changchun railway and “launch no more attacks in the northeast (Manchuria).” 2—Armed conflicts elsewhere should be mediated by executive (truce) headquarters field teams. 3—Communist troops should be reorganized according to the army nationalization plan. Two Conditions Agreed Upon The latter tw*o conditions were agreed upon in the later-violated January truce. The editorial said the government could not recognize the “democratic” local regimes established by the communists in Manchuria. Recognition of communist “fhits acomplis” there “would mean recognition of disintegration of Chinese territorial sovereignty in the northeast. So we don’t suggest that the government give up its non-recognition stand.” It added that Manchuria enjoyed the privilege of self-government under the law's of the country. *- GUTHRIE, May 28.—(/Pi—The twenty-third annual session of the grand assembly of the Order of Rainbow girls of Oklahoma will be held in Guthrie’s Scottish Rite Temple June 12. 13, and 14. Grand Worthy Advisor Norma Skinner of Ada will preside. Jobs for Vets In Every State General Checks Employment for Vets to States, Speaker at Governor's Conference OKLAHOMA CITY. May 28.— (/Pi—Responsibility for seeing that w'ar veterans are trained for future jobs and then finding employment for them was checked directly to the states today by Gen. Omar Bradley. U. S. administrator of veterans’ affairs, in an address prepared for delivery to the national conference of governors. While it is federal legislation that has set up the national veterans program, it is the direct concern of the state that the plan should be so administered within their own borders former service men will not become “apple sell- I ers,” the veterans administrator said. He warned that veterans* replacement centers are useless unless there are jobs to be given the veterans. Unless there is employment to be had, all the remainder of the veterans program will become “empty gestures,” Bradley said. Devoting much of his attention *to the on-the-job training program by which veterans received subsistence pay while learning trades and vocations through actual experience, Bradley declared that it must not become a wage subsidy or a bonus. “On-the-job training was planned as an investment in the earning capabilities of veterans,” the general asserted. “It is to be used to equip the veterans with a marketable job-skill. If he squanders his period of training for the increased income it provides him. the veteran is the one wrho will suffer the most. “If veterans are induced to fritter their time without any lasting results, it is the state which will share their grief. Untrained vet- J eran wage earners are candidates for the apple-selling jobs.. They the the ones who will call most often for their unemployment checks. “We shall not interfere with states in the exercise of their specific responsibilities. The es-tq)>lishment of reasonable standards in eduation and training is the primary task of the state.; And yet we’re confident that an appeal of this nature will win ‘ warm response in the states. The I veterans there are yours. The state of their social and economic health will in turn affect your own.” Rehabilitation of the veteran and the rebuilding of the National Guard were on today’s program of the governors. Maj. Gen. B. B. Miltonberger, chief of the National Guard bureau, was to discuss setting up of machinery for the reinstatement of state mi-1 litia on a peace time basis. Big Unions Drop Hints Democrats Furnished Food For Thought as Republicans Appear to Be Seising Situation ISTANBUL. May 28.-</P>-Halil Aga, who claimed to be 157 years old. died Sunday at the Anatolian village of Sayca.    * Bv JACK BELL WASHINGTON. May 28 -OP) —The big unions, boiling with political wrath for President Truman. dropped some oblique hints today that they might switch to another standard bearer, with Henry A. Wallace and Claude Pepper heading the jut of ae-ceptables. Capitol Hill politicians agreed ♦he secretary of commesce and .Senator Pepper (I). Fla.) are the likeliest beneficiaries in any sui n shift of allegiance, but they wanted more concrete evidence that one might be i i th«» ma’.' T»g. leo Early To Tell Tho general ©pin on appeared to be frat it is ioj early to tell whet.h*! the administration«• handling of the strike emergency has ended the 13 y-iir old labor-Democratic coalition. How *vei, the way Republicans appear *'i to be seisin:; on the situation p;ovided Democrats ford tor thought. Lawn; kcrs noted that both former Cox Harold K. S!nss< n of Minnesota, and Senator Taft Ohio.) v t re among tile first to join with the unions in urj, ;ng congress to go slow in empowering the president to draft workers the president to draft workers striking against the government. Stassen, a possible contender for COP presidential nomination in 194o. labeled the proposal “totalitarian.” While political speculation rn >unt*nl, three of the nation’s most powerful labor organizations kept up a heavy drumfire ck criticism on the program Mr. Truman proposed Saturday for coping with strikes in vital industries during the recoriversion period. CIO President Philip Murray was among the latest to blast at Mr. Truman’s proposals. In a telegram to all senators. Murray contended that “in a moment of wild hysteria an attempt is being made to stampede thi ©ugh congress legislation u'hich has as its sole aim the destruction of the labor movement of this nation. He lashed out not only at Mr. Truman’s emeigency strike-con-trol program hut also at the senate version of the house-approved Lase bill. Murray’s broadside was con-siiered as rough treatment as the CIO chief ever gave any administration-sponsored proposal, but AFL President William Green was equally vehement, denouncing the bill as advocating “slave labor under Fascism.” The National Farmers Union joined in the fray to assail the emergency program as “naked. open Fascism.” and called the situation “a shameful hour in American history.” Senator Hill Says Strike Nearing End Eiicouraging Evidence Was Fact That Union Attorneys Called ta Work aa Legal Faints WASHINGTON, May 28.— • (AP)—Senator Hill (D-Ala). deputy administration leader, today predicted an end of the coal strike “within the next 48 hours.** Hill told a reporter he had talked with “parties on both sides” and that he understood all “are in agreement on principles for settlement.*’ “I feel confident,** Hill said, “that unless something very unforeseen occurs, the coal strike will be settled and announcement of the settlement made within the next 48 hours.” Hill made his statement shortly after a conference between John L. Lewis and Secretary of the Interior Krug looking toward a strike settlement was postponed for more than three hours because neither side “was ready” for the next move in the negotiations. Explanation Offered The explanation of the postponement was offered by Krug’s office after a four-man union delegation showed up without Lewis, chief of the United Mine Workers. The UMW group, headed 'by UMW Vice President John J. O’Leary, spent 20 minutes in Krug's office. A spokesman for Krug told reporters the four union officials talked with Vice Admiral Ben Morreell. deputy coal mines ad* ministry tor. about “alleged discrimination” in the operation of the mines. There was no elaboration of this but the spokesman said O’Leary had drawn the admiral’s attention to ‘a couple of mci-[ dents’’ in rn hich the miners claimed discrimination. The government has been in control of the mines for a week. The meeting between Krug and Lewis was moved from ll a. rn. (EST) to 2:15 p. rn. All signs pointed to an early agreement as the two ended a conference last night. Encouraging Evidence Encouraging evidence was the fait that union attorneys were called in to work on the legal points of proposals under discussion—something that barely happens unless the rotigh draft of a contract has been blocked out However, the mines still stood idle despite the government’s appeal for the men to return to work, and the nation's coal supply shrank hourly toward the danger point. I^wis and Krug had little to say about the exact status of the negotiations. Krug contended himself yesterday with reporting “some progress.” but he added that this progress would keep lawyers for all parties busy through the night. Lewis checked all questions on progress to Krug, but the husky UMW chieftain did not look unhappy w hen he wound up six and one half hours of conferences with the interior secretary and other federal officials. *—*- Greater returns for amount in* vested. Ada News Classified Adj, Bf Bota Blanks, Sa Th’ trouble with most women—ever’thing they hear goes rn one ear an’ out the’r mouth. Mighty few* fellers ever work themselves t’ death, it’s w hut they do w hen they ain’t at w ork that alius gits em. ;