Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - March 25, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma
Th. i»om« of th* UN j..t abow! turn. up th. «M. p^jH^, Unud,^ pf U.lud N.tiun.
Md will pidura oiul tun., only «long pp th.y nim). truly unltod—not p Ut boyond Hip!
Partly cloudy west; scattered showers east this afternoon and tonight.
THE ADA EVENING NEWS
BUY MORE WAR BONDS
Preliminary On Hawkins Is Started
Mony Present When Charges Against Patrolman Brought Up in Justice Court
Preliminary hearing began Monday morning in justice court of Frank Bourland in the case of Harvey Ha\ kins, state highway patrolman accused of embezzlement.
The hearing was moved to the district courtroom when the crowd of spectators began assembling; the courtroom accommodations were packed as the hearing got under way and continued until noon, when the state had completed its testimony and recess was ordered for lunch.
Hawkins is accused of taking a gun from Ray Roberts’ car and of later trading it to Jimmy Mac-sas while til0 rifle was in his care as ‘bailee and trustee.’
Witnesses were questioned closely during the morning.
In early afternoon, when the nearing was resumed, the defense began presenting witnesses.
Ministers, business and professional men, women from downtown offices and businesses were
Ksent in large numbers, having n stirred by several reports that had gone out about the charges.
Also stimulating attendance' was the signing by many taxpayers in the past week of a petition asking for a grand jury investigation of conditions in Pontotoc county.
Yamashita Advises Conquerors On Military Strategy '
WASHINGTON, March 25.— Lf*)—Japanese General Tomoyuki Vamashita advised the na: on
Baruch Puts Emphasis On Production
His 13 Recommendations Include Repair of Inflationary Damages Already Dona
WASHINGTON, March 25. OP)—Bernard M. Baruch called today for a “high court of commerce to repair the inflationary damage he said has been done by hiking wages and prices while cutting taxes.
Cautioning that “the race of selfishness is on,” the elder statesman of two world wars pleaded for another year of price control coupled with a firm grip on wages. But he said there must
be one overriding objective _
Assails New Policy In testimony prepared for the house banking committee, the 75-year-old Baruch lashed out at the government’s new wage-price policy pegged to the recent 18% cent an hour steel workers* pay boost. *
‘This will be followed by increases all along the line,’* he told the committee considering an administration request to keep OPA alive a year beyond its Present June 30 expiration date. Call it a bulge but it is really a break—and a grave one. This was inflationary.”
Has 13-Point Program
Baruch laid down a 13-point program capped by his emphasis on the necessity for greater industrial output. Without increased production “the rest of my suggestions are meaningless,” the witness declared as he listed these other recommendations:
I. Stop increasing the money supply. *
ti}' ^ratting taxes until the budget is balanced. “There may be wisdom in reinstating the $6,000,000,000 tax reduction.
3. “Stop bunking the public by saying wag* increases can be
ADA, OKLAHOMA, MONDAY, MARCH 25, 1946
N#w ii, S. Ambassador to Russia
W^dwaerdalchi‘efBof 1heSSta1?; ^n 35 the ,n*w Amba*sa*>r to Russia by Stanley Washington until time tor his departure for Russfa—(NEA Taphole)"6™* Smi*h wU* rCmam “
Truman Pledges To UN Our Cooperation
Truman Pub Stress on UH
Hurray Bads UAW Thomas
Assails AFL, Industry Loaders far Failure, Forcing Strikes Upon CIO
Russian Keeps from Records Hess Attempt to Get Excerpts Read of Reported Agreements
that hanged him as a war criminal to ignore traditional ideas of rn.mary strategy in preparing against the possibility of another conflict.
In an article dictated from his Manila death cell and published today in the semi-official infantry journal Yamashita told his conquerors that the atomic bomb and long range planes mean that the text-books of West Point and Annapolis must be rewritten
The ill-fated “Tiger of Malaya,” predicted that any further major war will be settled by a single blow from the air, argued therefore that the infantry has lost its once vital role.
The strategy of seeking to des-1 ov the enemy’s will to fight by knocking out such means of warfare as industry and ports remains, Yamashita noted, but added:
“Now we are about to enter— we seem, in fact, already to have entered—a stage where we don’t really need the ground forces at all to reach and attain this strategic objective. Now, with the high speed, long range plane, carrying the atomic bomb. it is possible to destroy virtually all these centers simultaneously and at a single blow xxx . “The war will be over, to all intents and purposes, even if enemy forces are still in existence, still unengaged and still undefeated.”
From this he deducted as a general principle that “in the future that country which possesses the largest terrain in an area and attains the highest technical progress xxx will be in a highly enviable position. In fact it will be almost unbeatable.”
Early for Meeting
NEW YORK, March 25, LF>_ 1 oung America, represented by ‘lgh school boys, predominated this rainy morning in the line waiting outside Hunter college for the 45 coveted spectators’ seats at the United Nations secure council meeting.
Although sessions were scheduled to begin at 2:30 p, rn., first arrivals showed up only an hour after midnight. By 7 a. rn., 15 persons were in line.
is *be **rst ^ne were
Ralph Sherman, 18, and his brother Irving Sherman, 16, who arrived shortly after I a. rn.
Louis Ricciardelli, 41. native of Lair, was the first adult in line.
u’ith him a letter from UNO acknowledging receipt of a song for which he wrote the words. “World’s Peace ” which he sent to the London UNO meeting.
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**" ........... *4
(Continued on Page 3 Column I)
County Resident, Dies al Age el 82
W H. Summers, 82, resident of Pontotoc county since 1910, died Monday at 12:06 a.m. at a local hospital after a brief illness.
Funeral services will be held Tuesday a* 2 p.m. from the Criswell Funeral Chapel, with burial here.
Mr. Summers was bom near Murphysboro, Tenn., Jan. 29, 1864, and Lved there until his marriage in 1887 to Miss Dona Burkett of the same community.
They moved in 1888 to New Boston, Tex., where he farmed for eight years, then on to Indian Territory to what is now Bok-chita, and to Pontotoc countv in 1910. During his residence here he served several terms as county weigher.
Thirteen children were bom to him and Mrs. Summers.
Surviving are the widow; five daughters, Mrs. Erbie Lollar of Ada, Mrs. Percy Speer and Mrs. Dan Nadean of Tecumseh, Mrs. Dena (Slightly Qf Shawnee and Mrs. Baxter Scroggins of Francis; six sons Mat and BUI Summers of Ada, Claude Summers of Norman, Ray Summers of Sundown, Tex., Roy Summers of Ft. Worth, and Jack Summers of Los Angeles.
There are also a sister, Mrs. Monroe Reeves of Durant* two brothers, Lum and Charley Summers of Ventura, Calif.; 40 grandchildren and 15 greatgrandchildren.
A By MAX HALL ,
ATLANTIC CITY. N. f., March 35.—(/P)—CIO President Philip Murray .ended a speech at the CIO united Auto Workers Convention today by praising R. J. Thomas, incumbent who is bat-Jling Walter Reuther for the UAW presidency.
After a bare mention of Reuter's name along with other officers to whom he expressed appreciation, Murray referred to Thomas as:
“This great big guy for whom I have a distmct fondness —the president of the United Auto Workers union.”
He specifically denied in his speech that he was here to take part in the bitter UAW political campaign, but the Tong cheer that went up at his tribute to Thomas showed that the Thomas forces considered it an endorsement Blames A. F. L, Industry Murray, in two-fisted style, blamed the recent wave of strikes on the failure of AFL and industry leaders to “fulfill their obligations” at the labor-manage-!5enJconference last tell- He said the CIO didn’t want to strike but it was “thrust upon us.”
“It may be there are some of our enemies who would like to divide and conquer. They would like to see the CIO tom asunder, destroyed, and the workers dropped back to the pitiful days.
‘But I say there isn’t anyone or any group big enough to do a
^ T,?olltary damn thin« to the CIO. We are moy influential and
Sac ret Treaty Claimed Be- * tween Germany, Russia Ba- j fora Nasis Invaded Roland
OKLAHOMA — Partly cloudy west; scattered showers east this afternoon and tonight; cooler tonight and in northwest this afternoon; lowest temperatures tonight 38-40 Panhandle to 50-55 east; Tuesday partly cloudy, cooler extreme east
Military Training Bill Is Deferred
WASHINGTON, Mar. 25.-UP) —I he house military committee pl (ins to hold the controversial universal military training bill over until next January and let the^ new congress wrestle with it
Committee members said privately that a general, informal agreement had been reached to take no action until next year.
Among considerations in reaching such an agreement were these: the army is fighting for a one-year extension of the wartime draft and does not want both selective service and universal military training at the same time; if the draft is extended, as indicated, but for less than a year the committee wants to review the entire military picture just before expiration of the renewed draft act; it is election year, and constituents generally seem split over the issue.
We couldn’t get a bill out now
(Continued on Page 2 Column 5)
Ten Bes! Dressed Men Are Designated
But Where Were They Able Ie Get All That Well Drench Men's Wardrobe
NEW YORK, March 25. <JP>— pie custom tailors guild of America today presented its nominations for the nation's IO best dressed men—and. incidentally listed what a well dressed man s wardrobe really should include.
The sartorial top - notchers were:
Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., chief U. S. delegate to UNO; Actor Ray Milland; Orchestra Leader Guy Lombardo; Morton Bernstein, vice president of the National *i*ve9.° ’ Crooner Perry Como; Alfred Gwynn* Vanderbilt; Baseball Star Hank Greenberg; John Brownlee, Metropolitan opera baritone; Actor Alfred Lunt, and Publisher Henry R. Luce.
As for that wardrobe—it includes this minimum: three sports jackets (solid colors); six pairs of slacks (solid and plaids); six business suits (mostly solids); two topcoats (one camel’s hair, one blue); two overcoats (one brown or gray, one blue); one summer tuxedo (gray dinner jacket, blue trousers); one regular tuxedo (single breasted, with
its just the wrongichnoe /civ Knoinn.. *____ .
Bf NOLAND NORGAARD
NUERNBERG, Germany, Mar. 25.—(/I*)—An objection by the Russian prosecutor prevented counsel for Rudolf Hess from reading into the court record today excerpts from what he called a secret treaty concluded by Germany and Russia three days before the nazi attack on Poland.
The lawyer asserted before the international military tribunal that the alleged treaty fixed spheres of influence in eastern Europe and that details were contained in an a’ffadavit submitted by Dr. Friedrich Gaus, former German ambassador to Moscow.
Soviet Prosecutor R. A. Rudcn ko jumped up to object to the reading of “suprise documents” before they were translated and submitted to the prosecution.
Sounds Like “Hearsay”
“I don’t know what kind of documents he is talking about,” Rudenko said. “It sounds like hearsay to me.”
When Chief Justice Sir Geoffrey Lawrence sustained the objection, Hess’ lawyer countered with:
“In that case I must ask permission to call Soviet Foreign Commissar Molotov to establish if this agreement was not actually concluded.”
One provision of the alleged secret agreement, the attorney said, was that Germany “declared itself uninterested in three Baltic states—Latavia, Lithuania and Estonia—and Finland.” Galleries Amused The tribunal ignored that re-and the galleries, tittered. Earlier, a document introduced by Hess’ counsel claimed that the former deputy fuehrer had warned the British government,
Morgan (arter In Hospital Mer Boing HH by (ar
Morgan Carter, 83, 223 East Ninth, was struck by an automo-Sile drjven by William E. Lamb, 173, of Allen about 9 o’clock Monday morning at the corner of Tenth and Rennie.
Police reported that Carter was walking in the street with the traffic when Lamb approached the scene of the accident driving a Model A Ford.
Carter was knocked down and run over before Lamb brought his car to a stop. Carter is in Valley View hospital suffering from a possible fracture of his right shoulder and several fractured ribs.
The accident occurred at the corner of Tenth and Rennie about 50 feet south on Rennie It was investigated by Capt. Luther Davis and G. W. Vandiver of the city police force.
Winant to UNO Council, Harriman to Britain Indi-cato Importance Of Organisation
WASHINGTON. March 25, UP) President Truman carried out a two-way diplomatic shift today which placed new stress on the mportance this country attaches o the United Nations organization.
The chief executive designated John G. Winant to be American representative on the UNO economic and social council and W. Averell Harriman to succeed Winant as ambassador to Britain.
Meanwhile, Lt. Gen. Walter Bedell Smith headed for Moscow by plane to fill the post Harriman vacated several weeks ago when he resigned as ambassador to Russia.
Government officials and diplomats cited Winant’s long-rumored appointment as evidence that the United States has hopes for the economic and social council as great as those for the better advertised UNO general assembly and the all-powerful security I council.
These officials recalled Winant s fight for social legislation as a three-time republican governor of New Hampshire; his work as head of the first federal social security board under President Roosevelt, and his terms as assistant director and director of the international labor office.
The economic and social council—which will seek such goals as rising worldwide living standards and high employment levels—is scheduled to hold its first meeting in New York in May.
Sec. Byrnes Soys from Now on No Notion Must Be Allowed to Become Aggressor; UN Security Council Formally Launched
By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER
NEW YORK, March 25.—(AP)—President Truman
pledged to the United Nations Security Council today
“ America s wholehearted co-operation’* in the cause of peace,
and Secretary of State Byrnes warned that from now on no
nation must be allowed “to take the law into its own hands.’*
In a brief speech prepared for*----
the council’s first session at its temporary American headquarters at Hunter college in the Bronx, Byrnes presented the president’s ICO-word message of welcome and added on his own behalf this admixtion:
“Nations like individuals should do their best to adjust their disputes without resort to litigation. But no nation has the right to take the law into its own hands. If disputes cannot be settled by friendly negotiations, they must be brought before the st .uritv council.
Promptness Is Factor “That is why the security council must at all times be pre
Iranian-Russian Situation May Be Settled Soon
By EDDY GILMORE
MOSCOW, March 25, LF)—A Tass announcement that Red army forces are withdrawing from Iran brought from well-informed foreign diplomatic observers today the prediction that the entire Iranian-Russian question would shortly be settled to
t Ka ma*;*#. -41- ^ J ft_ ar •
pared to act promptly. That is !i°n shortly be settled to
-;-—-r j the satisfaction of both countries.
......... - - These observers acclaimed th#
Tass announcement as a healthy
Dead or Hoi, His Successor Named
Much Mystery Yet About Chino's Secret Police Hood
More Battles Near Mukden Reported
Communists, Government Troops Closh; Communists Moke Now Demands
CALLED TO ORDER NEW YORK, Mar. 25. LT) —Dr. Quo TaJ-Chi of China, president of the United Nations security council, rapped the Connell to order for its first meeting in America at 2:31 p. rn.. EST.
•i Pr* Suo* ^Peaking In English, said It was fitting the council should meet in this “land of freedom and liberty” He predicted the council woald “Justify the faith which people of the world have in R.”
His speech then was transacted into French.
month after he parachuted into Scotland, that the nazis planned to establish concentration camps
CHUNGKING, March 25, LF)— Although the widely - reported plane-crash death of Gen. Tai Li, head of China’s secret police, has not been confirmed officially, the Kuomintang newspaper World Daily News said today that the . government has selected L. Gen. a I Cheng Chieh-Min as his succes-
v un.c-ii n a non camps commissioner at toe Peiping exe it starve the British popula- cutive headquarters and a mem
tion lf an attemnt Wpro mn/la hor Af :__• i
General Cheng, government commissioner at the Peiping exe-
ber said, time.
PAULS VALLEY, March • 25, Maior Boyer, chairman of the Chamber of Commerce poultry committee, has announced that 2.800 baby chicks purchased by the Chamber of Commerce will be ready for delivery to 4-H and FFA members Saturday, March
A one-day poultry school will be conducted with H. G. Ware Oklahoma A. and M. college to give the club members information on the successful raising of the chickens.
• 'I t w cive pairs UL
wrong | shoes (six business, four sports, two dress).
tion if an attempt were made to continue the war after an invasion of the British Isles.
This threat was contained in the minutes of a Hess interview with Lord Simon June IO, 1941. Only selected portions of the 70* page transcript were read into the record.
“Dissipated” Winnie's Qualms
Swarthy Ernst Wilhelm Bohle, English-bor-* and South African-reared leader of the nazi party’s “foreign organization,” grinned at Hess from the witness stand while the defense read Bohle’s affadavit that he “dissipated fears and qualms’* of Winston Church-i in a personal interview nine years ago.
Bohle swore that the German e .bassy arranged through the British foreign office for him to spend more than an hour talking with Churchill at the fetters London flat in October, 1937. The
ashot was, he alleged, that urchin abandoned plans for an inquiry by the house of commons nazi activities in England.
The defense counsel said the brown - uniformed Bohle was Hess only witness.
BriHdi Applaud Harriman for Job
Greater returns for amount invested—Ada News Classified Ads
_ A BET'S A BET
Ore., March 25.—
(F)—The Rev. William G. Everson? of the First Baptist church paused in the middle of a farewell address, stepped down from
RileyUamembe?ndfe?h^ah°r ?arl t ”cn ls Amenca in men dolfar bm church, a of integrity and ability that she
LONDON, March 25, LF)— British newspapers today applauded the appointment of W. Averell Harriman as the new U. S. ambassador to the court of St. James’s and paid a farewell tribute to the man he will replace John G. Winant.
How rich is America in men
ber of the commission which arranged the truce with Chinese communists, formerly was director of the intelligence department board of military operations of the national military council. Aged 47. he is a graduate of Moscow’s Sun Yat-Sen university.
Ile flew from Peiping to Chungking yesterday for a conference and then returned to Peiping.
Further evidence that Tai died in th* crash of his American manned special plane near Nanking March 17 was reported today by Shun Pao. one of Shanghai’s most reliable newspapers.
A correspondent for the paper said the body of Tai Li, chief of the supreme military council’s bureau of investigation and statistics. had been identified by his own chief of staff, Ll Chuan-Shi, although it was badly burned.
MIAMI, March 25, LF)—Miami’s fourth annual stampede and rodeo will be held at the fairgrounds July 18 to 21. The event is sponsored each year by the roundup club, the Junior Chamber of Commerce and the Lions club.
. To the bewildered congregation, Rev. Everson explained he wanted to leave no unpaid debts in Portland when he becomes pastor of a Richmond, Ind., church.
The dollar, he said was to square a bet he had lost with Ri
can afford to send us two men of such stature in succession,” the Daily Express said in an editorial.
The Daily Telegraph said that Harriman ‘‘should prove a note-able addition to the long line of distinguished Americans who have represented the United States at the court of St. James s. *
IF YOU DON'T GET YOUR PAPER
Sometimes the neighbor’s dog will carry your Ada News away before you get it from the porch or the boy fails to leave it. In case you miss your paper Call No. 4, before 7:00 p. rn. week days and 10:00 a. in. Sundays and another, copy will be delivered to you.
Circulation Department Phone 4
By HAROLD K. MILKS
CHUNGKING. March 25, LF)— “Pitched battles” between central government and communist troops near Mukden were described here today as the government and communists were reported on the verge of agreeing to send truce-inspection teams into Manchuria.
Dispatches from Mukden said that four regiments of communist reinforcements under Gen. Lin Piao had hotly contested government entry into Gushun, important coal center 30 miles east of Mukden.
The communist forces now are withdrawing to the northeast under the pressure of government forces, which are continuing to advance, the report declared.
Ho Ping Pao, Chinese army newspaper, reported the occupation of Fushun and said another central government column driving up the Dairen-Mukden railroad from the south had occupied the rail center of Liaoyang, 30 miles south of Mukden. Liaoyang is approximately halfway between Mukden and the great steel center of Anshan, where the column was reported yesterday.
Fushun battle report was the first indication of any serious clash between the two forces in the area, where observers have feared that such an engagement might provide the spark needed to rekindle the smouldering civil war.
Meanwhile, the communist new China Daily News published a Manchurian dispatch saying that Gen. Chow Pao-Chung, commander of the pro-communist third rout* army of anti-Japanese allied forces, had demanded recognition of his troops by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek.
In a telegram to Chiang, Chow likewise demanded permission for entrance of Harbin, the dispatch said.
Abolition of the government secret service and severe punishment of the assassins of Li Chao-Ling, chairman of the Sino-Rus-sian friendship association, who twas recently slain at Harbin, also was demanded.
why the sacurity council must be prepared to function continuously. If the United Nations is to endure, there must be no excuse or need for any nation to take the law into its own hands.”
A few hours before the council met in the newly-con verted gymnasium of Hunter college, leaders had agreed that today s session should be held to formalities of welcome and speed-making and that discussion of the Iranian issue, which has been eased considerably by the reported Russian agreement under which Soviet troops are already supposed to be moving out of Iran, would be delayed until tomorrow.
Greatly Honored Mr. Truman declared that are.4 greatly honored that United Nations has chosen site in ou. country for home,” and promised that
American people would do their best to make the United Nations’ representatives feel entirely at nome here.
He stressed the need for all the member nations to “remain united and continue to work together, as they have fought together, for peace and for freedom .
Tile American people, the president said, pledge ‘Hheir wholehearted co-operation to give to
j u”ited. Nations the strength and the wL!gto maintain peace and freedom in this interdependent world.”
Byrnes compared the new peace organization, which was completed iu London only last month, and is now beginning its permanent work in America.
J o earIy history of the United States, which, he said survived many trials before it became strongly established.
O* the charter, he said that it does not attempt to outlaw change “in an ever-changing world but he stressed that it does “obligate all the states, large and small alike, to refrain from the use of force or threat of force except in defense of the laow.
Delay in consideration of the Iranian question came after the American group, headed by Byrnes and Edard R. Stettinius, I;* #received word that putting it off for one day was agreeable to the Russian delegation under Ambassador Andrei Gromyko.
Dories UNRRA in Oa
Pot ilia in Poland
CLINTON. March 25, IF)—City commissioners have adopted a city ordinance regulation regulating the presence of liquid petroleum within the city limits.
The new ordnance involves detailed precautions against fire , ^oooay desires f hazards caused by the presence ihe toId delegates to
Of hllfana and • POI inn ii marlin- U—„
of butane and propane gas stallations inside Clinton.
. By ALEX SINGLETON
0 A^NTIC CTTY. N. J., March ou i- Minister of State
Philip Noel-Baker called upon the United Nations today to repudiate a Polish demand for de-!? of UNRRA aid and asylum to political refugees.
_ Ne denied the accusation by Polish Minister of Welfare Jan Stanczyk that generals hostile to the new Polish government had been placed in a position where they could influence the politi-ca! thinking of displaced Poles. Nobody desires for dreams.” UNRRA’s
sign. The development, coupled with the news that the Red army also is withdrawing from Manchuria, was given wide publicity and contributed to a general casing of tension.
Both Chinese and Iranian cir* des expressed satisfaction.
Tass said the withdrawal from Iran was being carried out in accordance with an agreement with the Iranian government and pre-d,£fd it would be completed within the next five or six weeks lf unforseen takes place.
The Russian press gave promin* ence to Tass dispatches from Tehran quoting Iranian Premier Ahmed Qavam as telling a prest conference last Saturday he believed a satisfactory solution to the dispute with Russia would ba found.
Aaoimting (tam Em Vais Starting
Night Classes far Two
Weak* far Theta Taking On-tha-Job Training
Starting tonight a class will meet to teach business accounts and records for a number of veterans who are taking on-the-job training here.
J* B- Watters announces that it will meet at 7:30 o’clock tonight in the vocational department, Ada high school, and will continue five nights this week and five next week, two hours each night for a 20-hour course.
Miss Bolon. Stillwater, Oklahoma A. and M. college, will teach and expects to be able to instruct the vets far enough that they can set up books and, with some supervision, ‘carry* them until they complete their knowledge.
The course is primarily for vets learning such work as grocery or filling station management but is open to all vets—with tuition and supplies furnished through the Veterans Administration. Non-vets can also take the course, but will be required to pay tuition.
PlanInternational Plane Terminal
MANILA, March 25, LF) A
newly-formed local corporation announced today it would take over Nielson airport south of Manila, under U. S. army lease since 1941, for development into an international air terminal.
The directors include Col. Anders Soriano, a member of General Mac Arthur’s war-time staff, and Art Staurt, Transcontinental Western Air executive.
Bf Bote Blanks, Jo
ANADARKO, March 25. LF)— G. G. Frye, head of the Frye Fly-spryice here, has announced that 34 coyotes have been killed by air hunters’* in Caddo county so far this year.
council meeting here “that UNRRA should maintain political movements attempting to stir up trouble within their homelands/*
England has 2,133,000 telephones in use, with annual calls totaling 1,430,000,000. Both telephones and radios are controlled by the postal department in that country.
Who recollects th* day* when stores gave away ’n automobile ever* Saturday afternoon V th* holder o* th* lucky ticket?
Any government is only as good as th* people ’re willin' » pay fer.