Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - March 19, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma
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Fair tonight and Wednesday; wanner Wednesday; low tonight.
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EARLY VOTING IN CITY ELECTION LIGHT
Lewis Asking lf It's to Be Peace or War
Demands Coal Operators Take Stand on Demand For
Better Working Conditions
WASHINGTON, March 19. UP) —John L. Lewis asked bituminous coal operators today whether they wanted “peace” or “war” over his demand for better working conditions in the nation’s mines.
Lewis again addressed the operators, rebutting their reply to his nine general demands for 400,-000 members of the United Mine Workers. He repeated what he called an “indictment” in which he accused the management and stockholders of having “made dead” 28,000 mine workers in 14 years and injuring around 1,004,-000.
Makes Two Demands
In that “indictment” he said “we have made two demands: for abatement of this slaughter and cessation of the accompanying extortion.”
“Those are demands” He asserted. “What do you want? Peace? or do you prefer war?
“We ll await your reply with interest on those issues,” Lewis said coldly.
Spokesmen for the operators yesterday disputed Lewis’casually figures, contending they did not reveal advances made in mine safety in the last 14 years.
Jn. his “indictment” he accused the industry of making profit in some instances out of payroll deductions for medical and hospital service to miners.
Makes Safety Provision Proposal Lewis proposed that the operators include in a new contract, to be effective after April I, a provision as follows:
“The contracting parties recog-the loss of life in the coal mines and the ratio of injuries is too great to be condoned in any civilized country and the operators signatory to this contract agree that henceforth they will ^meticulously carry out and put into effect and safety recommendations made by the inspectors of the U. S. in the employ of the bureau of mines.”
Baruch Says He Will Accept Job
Every Day Is Mother's Day For Her Now
Delaney Makes Possible Visit of Belgian Woman To Homes of Her GI "Boys"
HOISINGTON, Kas., March 19. —(/P)—Every day seems like “Mother’s Day” now lo Beta Nu-lens—she’s come to live among the scores of GIs who called her “Mom” qnd her Belgium cottage “home” in their drive into Germany.
The attractive rn i d d I e-aged Miss Nulens used to run a pharmacy in her native village of Hasselt, Belgium. That was before the Nazis came and confiscated her supplies.
Then the Americans came. She opened her home to them. Sometimes as many as 30 were there at one time. As they moved on others came. They talked of home; of Kansas and wheat fields; of the south and cotton; of comer drug stores.
So She Went, Too
When the war ended she dreaded to see them go. Her “boys” decided she was going,
Sgt. Frank Tharp of Hoisington —he was the first to call her “Mom”—took charge of the cam-paign. Through an advertisement
Senators Forecast Speedy Approval of Nomination
_ By JACK BELL
WASHINGTON, March 19 (A*) —Pleased senators today forecast speedy approval of President Truman’s appointment of Bernard M. Baruch—an old friend who bas their confidence—as American representative on the United Nations atomic energy commission.
At the same time the president was reported to have sent word Hiat interested legislators are going to be kept fully informed of progress rn the attempt to set up Bitetiiational, atomic controls.
. This question has been worrying some senators who have insisted that the United States must not share the atomic bomb secret until air-tight methods are found to prevent its secret manufacture by a potential aggressor.
Chairman Connally (D-Tex.) said the foreign relations committee will act tomorrow on the nomination of Baruch, who he said will take “no predisposed views” into his new job.
Baruch, 75-year-old park bench statesman, announced in New \pTk yesterday “I will accept.” me new assignment added another to the long list which the financier and presidential adviser has undertaken at the behest of the government. Having helped marsr.al to the nation’s might for two world wars, he now is being given a role wherein he can help frame the controls to govern the postwar course of atomic energy developments.
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(Continued on Page 3 Column I)
County Education Leaden of Distrkt Ie Meeting Hen
Roy H. Emans, director of the finance division of the state department of education, and Ray Stegall, staff member in the state department, were special guests of the East Central District county superintendents in the fifth of the series of meetings for that group this year. Superintendents wore guests of Norman T. Mitchell, Pontotoc county, for the work session and of the Lions Club for luncheon where Mr. Emans was th* chief speaker.
Mrs. Viola Griffith, Okemah; Mrs. Lena McDonald, Tishomingo: Doyle Sullivan, Okmulgee; Oscar Huffines, Sulphur: Curtis Christian, Wewoka; W?w! Graham, Holdenville; Ira E Bugg, Shawnee; and W. D. Underwood, Coalgate, were in attendance at the meeting. Discussion for the session centered in transfers and transaction for the schools of the counties represented by the officials.
Superintendents were continuing in session this afternoon to gain all possible information on the problems to come in transfers among the school districts under their supervision.
In former meeting the superintendents have discussed “Self-Analysis Check Sheet,” the school register, and planned for a uniform report card for health records in connection with the training and care of school children. The work of this group unifies the effort of all teachers and school officials in a wide area of Lie state.
Next meeting of the group will be in Sulphur when Oscar Huffines win be the host. May meeting is to be a social affair with Mrs McDonald, Tishomingo, as the hostess. The superintendents and members of the state department staff will meet for a dav O'* Lake Texhoma.
Fifth Fleet* lo Be
Adm. Sherman to Bring Battleship Iowa and Destroyer Squadron To West Coast
U. S. Mast Try To Perfect MHO (hailer
Otherwise, Truman Tells Congress, Moons Betrayal Of Those Who Fought For Peace
WASHINGTON, March 19, (ZP) —President Truman told congress today the United States must seek to perfect the United Nations charter or betray the trust “of those who fought” for lasting peace and security.
In a report on the activities of the United States delegation to the recent UNO meeting in London, the president said:
“The United States supports the charter. The United States supports the fullest implementation of the principles of the charter. Hie United States seeks to achieve the purposes of the charter. And the United States seeks to perfect the charter as experience lights the way.
Ilust Not Betray Trust “To do less than our utmost rn this essential effort of peace-loving nations, whatever may be the obstacles and difficulties, would be a betrayal of the trust of those who fought to win the opportunity to have a world at last with peace and security, and well-being for all. To do our utmost will be to give new and full expression to the meaning of ‘America* to the world.”
The report was submitted to congress for its information. It was prepared by Secretary of State Byrnes and covered the first part of the first session of the general assembly in London, January 10-February 14. Mr. Truman said:
Vital To All Americans . ‘The participationWof the American representatives in the actual establishment of tho institutions provided in the charter on... ? United Nations, and in the initial work of the ventral ac-
Petitions Are Gelling Names
Ministers, Taking Lead In Asking for Grand Jury,
Bepart Good Response
The possibilities of a grand jury being brought to Ada is , announced over a loudspeaker creating more and more interest set-up to all and sundry who as-both in Ada and Pontotoc county semble at The News office on where citizens have been signing North Broadway a petition to call a grand jury to; Also, there will be a bulletin do some investigating. . from time to time over Station
,• County ^ ministers are taking KADA, and along about 8:45, if the lead in getting signatures of j enough returns are in by that the petition; they report that time, a sizeable report broad-more than 1,000 signatures will cast.
Returns Will Be Announced
At Nows Office as They Come In, by Bulletin and Later Roundup Over KADA
Get ’em while they’re hot! Those election returns will be coming to The Ada News office with a rush tonight and they’ll be announced over a loudspeaker
Rush Later Anticipated
Some Pickup Sn Balloting During Noon Hour; Freeholder Board Interest Grows
Lineup of Berliners in front of a movie theater is caused, not by an A-Grade movie, but by the warmth of the theater. Lacking fuel to heat their homes, Germans seek shelter in public buildings.
OKLAHOMA—Fair tonight and Wednesday; warmer Wednesday; low tonight 35-40 Panhandle to near 43 elsewhere.
Extended Weather Forecast
No precipitation until about Saturday or Sunday when showers and thunderstorms will be general over the district; moderate to heavy precipitation in extreme western portion of Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma; light to moderate elsewhere; warmer w ednesday and Thursday; colder about Sunday; temperatures averaging about 8 degrees above normal eastern portion of district to 4 degrees above normal in western portion.
TOKYO, March 19.—(ZP)—Vice Adm. Frederick C. Sherman, commander of the Fifth fleet, announced today that he would withdraw the battleship Iowa and destroyer Squadron Five “shortly” to the U. S. west coast where he would reorganize the Fifth fleet.
The fleet thereafter will conduct regular training operations, and probably will include some of America’s new carriers. The bulk of present Fifth fleet ships will be transferred to the U. S. Seventh fleet now operating in China, to exercise boAtrol of the western Pacific, he announced.
The Fifth fleet now consists of 145 ships: the battleship Iowa, two carriers in the Marianas— the Boxer and Antietam—three cruisers and three destroyer squadrons. Of these ships, only the Iowa and the Fifth Squadron will turn.
told the committee that the proposed slash will mean a reduction of 114 ships in the active fleet
Rehabilitation To Be Pushed by VA
WASHINGTON, March 19.— (ZP)—-The Veterans Administration hopes to carry its rehabilitation program to every ward of its IOO hospitals.
Disclosing this goal today, Dr. Donald A. Covalt, assistant medical director for medical rehabilitation, said efforts are being made to hire more than 1,500 specially trained personnel to carry out the program.
“At least one out of every four patients in Veterans Administration hospitals can be helped materially through a medical rein turn. j habilitation program of education
The fleet currently includes | an.d ?hoP training.” Dr. Covalt also a service force of 69 vessels • s™ m a statement.
Its present Dersnnnpl tntal ic .. 1___k___
ls vital to all Americans.”
Mid Hoi Br Further M New
WASHINGTON. March 19. (An --Adm. Chester W. Nimitz told a house committee today it would take a “minimum of six months” to bring the navy back to its 1945 fighting strength if an emergency arose.
Nimitz, chief of naval operations, told the naval committee that a propped $2,100,000,000 cut in navy Funds would “jeopardize the influence of our nation in world affairs and the defense of our homeland.”
“If the nature of the emergen-cy were such that demobilization could be stopped,” he said, “I would estimate that a minimum of six months would be required” to rebuild the navy to its strength of last fall.
The admiral said that under its budget request of $6,325,-000,000 for the fiscal year starting July I the navy had planned a fleet of 50,000 men and 1,079 fighting ships, including 385 vessels on active status. 73 held in reserve with 30 per cent crews, and 687 inactive.
He declared the budget cut, if approved by congress, will mean
ioS ™Vy wU1 have this strength;
437,000 men by March I, 1947,
and 965 combatant vessels, in- inquiry, iney said, does
eluding 291 on active status, 42 ; I1 over^aP a current inquiry in-m reserve and 632 inactive. 10 state department intelligence
cbief of naval operations operations being made by the
-------— ..... house military committee.
Disclosure that the un-American activities group has moved into the state department picture came from Rep. Mundt (R-SD) and was confirmed by Rep. Rankin (D-Miss.), ranking majority member.
‘“We have made no formal report and probably wont for some time, Mundt told a reporter. ‘But what we have found so far indicates that there is more than rumor to reports that many per-
For Extension Of Draft Law
House Military Committee Recommends Also “18 Months Limit For Inductees
WASHINGTON. March 19, UP) —Extension of the draft law for an indefinite period, with service of inductees limited to 18 months, was recommended today to the house military committee by selective service.
# Hie recommendation was made in a letter to Chairman May (D-Ky.) from Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, selective service director.
Immediately after its receipt, the committee voted to start hearing Thursday on legislation to extend the draft law. Army officials will be the first witnesses at the hearings, which will not be open to the public.
Selective service officials said Hershey recommended that the extension should be for an indefinite period, subject to cancellation by the president or by congress at any time.
.Hershey also was reported to have recommended leaving unchanged the present age group subject to selective service—18 to 45 years-—with an executive order limiting actual inductions to those under 27.
Some committee members, including May, have proposed a flat six-months extension with the age limits between 21 and 30, both inclusive.
Stale Department Under Searchlight
Committee Has Indication Persons of Questionabla Background hi Usa Thera
By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST
WASHINGTON, March 19, <ZPi —A second congressional committee has turned its searchlight on the state department.
Members of the house committee on un-American activities disclosed today that for the last two months they have been quietly investigating reports that “persons of un-American tendencies are holding high position in the state department.”
Their inquiry, they said, does
Churchill In Unify Plea
Wonts America, Britain To Walk Forward Together With Na Aim of Conquest
NEW YORK. March 19, UP)— Winston Churchill held out the prospect today of American and Great Britain rendering unprecedented services to humanity “at this juncture” by “walking forward together with no aims of conquest, subjugation or advancement of the sordid interests.”
The former prime minister, after being awarded an honorary degree of doctor of laws at Col-wnbia university yesterday, also emphasized the importance of English and history, and added: “Even our communist friends should study this. They should study the admirable modem works on the life and the soul of the white ant. That will show not only a great deal about their past but will give a very fair indication of their future.” Churchill did not expand upon his allusion.
(The ant quip brought this explanation from Dr. Howard E. Anthony, dean of the scientific staff of the American museum of natural history:
(“TTie white ant is a termite and the individual ant has absolutely no say. They all work for the community and they have probably been in this communal fix for millions of years—at a dead end. Now it seems to me. As far as individuals are concerned, that’s not a very desirable state.”
(Dr. Maurice A. Bigelow, pro-fessory of biology at Columbia from 1903 to 1939, said:
CT presume Mr. Churchill indicate the tendencies of some nations to force individuals to work automatically at one task, whether they wanted to or not.)
Doolittle Fliers Took Long (hance
Figured Survival Chance Only 5 Par Cant in First Raid on Tokyo
probably have been obtained before it is presented to District Judge Tai Crawford.
Started Sunday The first signing of the petition was done Sunday morning when various ministers told their congregations about the situations present in Pontotoc county. No further comments were made by the ministers, but fallowing services folks took their turn at signing the petition.
One minister reported that he has not talked with a single* person who is not in favor of calling a grand jury to this arca.
The first joint action was taken by ministers and church members last week at a special meeting called for the purpose of discussing the matter.
Sign Now, Is Request Ministers are urging that all eligible signers who are interested in the welfare and future of the community get behind the issues and make it a success.
Civic organizations are also taking an interest in calling a grand jury to investigate situations and happenings in this area.
The possibility of bringing a grand jury to Ada has been in the air for several weeks, but no action was taken until last week whe a petition was formulated and circulation started Sunday morning.
Hearing Scheduled For Tomorrow On Car-Hiff-Girl (ase
Its present personnel total is 21,700 afloat and 9,100 ashore; in February, the totals were 25,500 and 9,500. Some staff officers here expressed belief that the fleet’s personnel by next June will be stabilized at 20.000 afloat and 8,800 in shore jobs.
MCALESTER, Okla., March 19. —(A*)—One new bride here didn’t change her name much when she went to the altar.
Mrs. Welcome Shield is the former Miss Vivian Shields.
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SHANGHAI. March 19, MB— Volunteers for the Doolittle raid on Tokyo figured they had only a 5 per cent chance of survival before they took off from the carrier Hornet on April 18, 1942.
Capt. Chase J. Nielsen, Hiram, Utah. only survivor of his B-25, testified today at the war crimes trial of four Japanese officers “we gave ourselves 50 per cent odds on getting off the Homett; 30 per cent on getting shot down over Japan and 15 per cent on running out of gasoline before reaching our base in China.” Nielsen was navigator on a plane piloted by Lt. Dean Hallmark, Dallas, which crashed, out of gasoline, a mile and a half off the China coast. Two crewmen
A preliminary hearing is scheduled in the Percy Armstrong justice court Wednesday afternoon at 2 o’clock for Oneal Wanters, James W. Dillard and Floyd* Be bee, who are charged with assault and battery with a dangerous weapon.
-forges were filed against the three men last week by County attorney Vol Crawford after a complaint was signed by Deola White, who was one of three girls allegedly struck by an automo-b ie about two miles northwest of Stonewall.
Dillard is also charged with assault with intent to kill and his cise is scheduled to be heard at the same time and in the same court.
Charges against Dillard were filed by County Attorney Crawford. A complaint was signed by Jack Willard Watson, who alleges that Dillard shot at him with a .22 calibre rifle.
Witnesses in the cases against th* three boys include Danzel Lantz, Deola White, Jack W. Watson, Wanda Walton, Jane Walton, E. V. Cochran, Dud Lester, Virgie Maye Murray, Trooper ?,ar^ey, Hawkins and Trooper W. H. Bailey.
I" " ', per- tne China coast. Two crewmen
sons of questionable background drowned. Hallmark was exeunt are employed in the department.1’ ed “i*?!
ar<- employed in the department.
Mundt said the committee also will ask the state department for a report on how it will select an estimated 200 United States em-ployes to be attached to the United Nations organization.
“It is our intention,” he asserted, “to check all these employes to see that only persons of unquestioned loyalty to the United states receive the appointments. This is certainly one place in which we cannot afford to take chances.”
McAlester, March 19.—(ZP) —Mrs. Howard Stacy, McAlester, claims to be Oklahoma’s youngest grandmother.
* Mr,s* _stacy became 30 last April. The grandchild is a week old.
ed by a Japanese firing squad. Lt. Robert J. Meder, Lakewood, Ohio, the co-pilot, died later in prison beriberi anc| malutrition.
The four Japanese are accused of responsibility or complicity in the execution of Hallmark, Lt. William G. Farrow, Darlington, S. C., and Sgt. Harold A. Spatz, Lebo, Kas.—all of whom were convicted of they knew not w'hat at a mock courtmartial.
HOLLIS, March 19.—(ZP)—Citizens will vote April 2 on issuance of $40,000 in bonds to construct a swimming pool and extend the city’s sewer system.
TULSA, March 19.—(A*)—William Oscar Craig, 62, retired Tulsa attorney, was killed when struck by a bus at a downtown intersection.
UAW Has Ratified Agreement With GM
DETROIT, March 19.—(ZP)— The CIO United Auto Workers today announced ratification of the national agreement with General Motors which followed the 113-day nationwide strike against GM plants.
Vice President Walter P. Reu-ther. head of the union’s GM department and strike leader, made the announcement to Vice President Harry W. Anderson of General Motors in a letter.
Sufficient approval votes already had been cast by UAW-CIO locals to assure overwhelming acceptance of the national agreement, Reuther told Anderson.
Reuther also discussed the subject of local issues, but this portion of his letter was not made public immediately.
A few of the 175.000 strikers returned today to plants which now have not operated for 119 days. The plants have remained closed pending ratification.
WEATHERFORD. March 19.— ^A*)—Bands from eighteen western and southwestern Oklahoma highschools will take part in a band festival and clinic Friday at Southwestern Institute of Technology here. R. A. Lloyd, Clinton high school music instructor, will direct the program and conduct the mass band concert
Tire chains reduce braking distances from 40 to 50 per cent on winter roads.
KADA will also at the first opportunity give complete returns of today’s election, working in cooperation with The News in tabulation and reporting of the balloting.
Iran Protest Being Made
Objection to Activities Of Russian Troops Circulated In UNO Council
WASHINGTON, March 19 — (ZP)—A strong Iranian protest against activities of Russian troops in that country was circulated today among member nations of the United Nations security council.
Trygve Lie, secretary-general of UNO, received the protest here last night from Hussein Ala, the Iranian ambassador, and circulated it among council members.
Lie’s office announced that it would issue a communique this afternoon but did not disclose its contents. Persons in a position to know, who declined to be quoted by name, said it would concern the document delivered by Ala last night shortly after Lie arrived here for an official visit, en route to New York.
On his first day in Washington, Lie devoted himself to circulation of the document among the embassies here of the 11-member nations of the council.
Other developments bearing on the Iranian situation included:
1. Secretary of State Byrnes at a news conference declined to d.scuss the Iranian situation but sa d this country has not sent Russia any new notes on the matter, nor received any new replies to previous notes concerning Iran or Manchuria.
2. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross told a news conference in response to an inquiry that President Truman has not made any “special appeal” to Marshal Stalin concerning Iranian.
3. Ambassador Ala conferred with Loy Henderson, head of the state department office of middle eastern affairs, and said afterwards he was seeking information.
An Iranian embassy official first revealed the new protest.
Fear B-29 Out Of Honolulu b lost
One of Flight of Fiva; Patrol Cart Out Searching For Crashed Plane
| FAIRFIELD, Calif., March 19, t.P>—The fourth air force report-j ed early today a B-29 from Hick-J am Field, Honolulu, was missing and presumably had cun out of gas in this area.
Last radio contact with the plane, a public relations officer said, was made from the Fair-field-SuiAin air field at I a. rn. (PST). The gas supply should have been exhausted about 3 a. rn., he said. The plane was scheduled to land at the Fair-field-Suisun field.
Police patrol cars of nearby Oakland were alerted to be on the lookout for a crashed plane.
Th^ missing plane was one of a flight of five B-29’s. Three landed at Fairfield-Suisun and one at Oakland shortly before 3 a. rn. (PST).
The normal crew for such flights is seven men, headquarters here reported.
When the four planes landed. a U. S. weather bureau report showed, the area was overcast with rain, and the ceiling was 4,-900 feet at Fairfield and 1,600 feet at Oakland.
The army reported lights from an aircraft carrier docked at Oakland were used in an attempt to guide what was thought to be th e missing plane toward the Oakland airport.
TULSA, March 19—(AV-Hom-er Junior Pearce. 18, Sapulpa negro, died of injuries suffered when the automobile in which he was riding crashed into a bridge abutment.
Greater returns for amount invested—Ada News Classified Ads
Voting was light Tuesday morning in the city primary election where various city officials were either to be elected or p1 aced in the runoff; however, election officials at almost every voting place in Ada said that they expected a heavy vote to be cast during the afternoon.
The box at Convention hall probably had the most votes cast during the first six hours of voting; voting there was reported steady during the morning.
Late Rush Expected Some of the boxes that usually have large votes were down comparatively by noon, but precinct officials explained that most of the votes at those boxes are usually cast during the afternoon with a definite rush from 5 p. rn. until closing time at 7 p. rn.
A few candidates were out Tuesday morning trying to increase their popularity at the polls while others appeared less worried and went about their usual business.
No one had to walk to any poll, as cars to the polls furnished by candidates were numerous. Proposal Draws Interest Vieing for interest in the result with the individual races was the outcome of voting on a proposal for a board of freeholders.
This is the result of efforts of groups of citizens joined in a Better Government committee to obtain revision of the city charter, looking to more efficient city government Three candidates in each of the three city commission races offered possibility that their might be a run-off election necessary in all three contests. Such an election comes up two weeks hence, on April J.
British Scientist Faces Trial Soon
Charged With Giving Atomic Information Away
LONDON. March 19.—(ZP)—Dr. Alan Nunn May, 34-year-old British physicist who worked on nuclear ^ research in the wartime pursuit of atomic energy, was held for trial today on charges of violating the official secrets act by giving atomic information to an undisclosed person.
May was refused bail by Magistrate Harold McKenna of Bow Street court, who said the defendant’s release might be “against public policy.”
^ May pleaded innocent to violation of the secrets act, which provides a maximum penalty of s*v-en years in prison for persons convicted of giving information ’prejudicial to the safety and interests of the state.”
Gerald Gardner, attorney for May, demanded to know who might have been “an enemy” at the time, late last year, that May was accused of delivering the information.
Prosecutor Anthony Hawke won a ruling from the magistrate that the state involved “might be any potential enemy.”
The report of a British intelligence officer was submitted, but not read. Hawke said it contained an accusation that May gave a document on nuclear physics research and some samples of materials to an unidentified person. Hawke said specifically that one paragraph was not to be read aloud because of the information it contained.
The scientist worked in Canada on atomic experiments from January, 1943, until September, 1945, when he returned to England.
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The first Chinese person to make use of airmail by pigeon was Chang Kui-Ling, A. D. 673-
■jr Boa Stank*. J*
Another good way t’ git lf th’ lop is t* git r th’ bottom o things.
A feller makes ’is habits, an’ then ’is habits make ’im.