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Ada Evening News, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1962, Ada, Oklahoma By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Special Correspondent They call it a war. To an American soldier, trained for modern warfare, it can be more like a nightmare. It has no front, no rear. The enemy is hard to find, difficult to identify. He hits and hides, raids and ambushes, infiltrates and terrorizes. He fights in jun- gles, mountains, marshes, vil- lages. It is a war all mixed up with politics and economics, with the prize a country slightly larger than Illinois. Officially Viet Nam Cong Hoa, it is known as South Viet Nam. Its fate can decide the future of Communist designs in JK all Southeast Asia, and perhaps much more. How is it going? How long can it go on? Can it be won? Such questions are the center of debate in the United States, which already has committed S2 billion to the proposition that com- munism's claws can and must be clipped in Southeast Asia. This kind of war is not new to Southeast Asia. In Malaya it took the British 12 years to stamp out Communist guervillas. The French fought a 9-year hit-and- run war against Ho Chih Minh's Communists, and lost North Viet Nam at Dien Bien Phu in 1954. The United States was involved then, too, trying to help the French out of a hopeless situa- tion. In 1954, Viet Nam' was divided into Ho's Communist North and the non-Communist South. A ref- erendum in the South deposed Emperor Bao Dai and made Ngo Dinh Diem chief of state. He pro- claimed a republic with himself president. Again the United States was involved, this time trying to hold back Communist attempts to engulf the whole country through a patient, relentless guerrilla war. President Kennedy inherited the vast problem. Co his decision, U.S. troops were sent to South Viet Nam as advisers in what Kennedy called the "subterranean war." Today, U.S. military per The Communists' offensive ties up about regular South Vi- etnamese troops and possibly irregulars. How many troops the Communist Viet Cong may have is anybody's guess. Numbers do not really count with them in this type of war. It takes dozens of regular troops to flush out one guerrilla. U.S. experts say hardcore Viet Cong troops number anywhere up to The number may be much greater. Secretary of De- fense Robert S. McNamara says it's possible that Commu- _ i ...t. _ _ J ror and other methods. The U.S. State Department' says that this year the Viet Cong has lost dead in fighting, the anti-Communist troops The jungles, accompanying Viet- namese troops on drives deep into guerrilla territory. A big question: How effective i is their aid and what are the tabulation of enemy dead is sub- prospects. iect to question in this kind of Associated Prfts correspondent 1 Bern Price recently interviewed a number of officers, from cap- tain to major general, who have returned from South Viet Nam. Several painted a picture of a general foulup. They reflected worry and anger at how U.S. spe- cial men trained for guer- rilla have been used. Some war. But casualties do not stop the Viet Cong. It has a growing ar- senal of weapons, some captured at bloody cost to the guerrillas in ambushes of South Viet Nam convoys. Some of its arsenal is believed to have come from Red China. ad- U.S. Pilots fly Vietnamese described the intelligence system, upon which counter-guerrilla erations depend, as near collapse. government's command structure split and confused by the whims of dictatorial President Diem. It can now be reported that Maj. Gen. William B. Rosson, chief of the U.S. special forces, told reporter Price that the way his men were used made for a "waste of manpower." Rosson, after an inspection trip to Viet Nam, expressed annoyance that his men, trained as guerrilla ex- perts, were employed to give ba- sic infantry training to Viet- namese recruits instead of work- ing with native personnel in com- pany 'and battalion groups. "They should give them the same training they have, and into for 15 Rosson said. He expressed the opinion that training of Vietnamese recruits should be left to qualified officers of the U.S. military advisory group. Later, Gen. George H. Decker, U.S. Army chief of staff, quoted Rosson as saying he was not an- gered over .misuse of special forces "although ideally these highly trained troops should be used exclusively in special forces activities." It had been necessary to use some "temporarily on ba- sic training said Deck- er's account of Rosson's views. Essential points in the Price Pentagon reflect a high degree of sensi- tiveness to criticism about Viet Nam, where, officially, U.S. forces are only advisers. U.S. personnel include the spe- cial forces who are guerrilla spe- cialists, Army and Marine crews for 80 helicopters sent from the United States, Marine Corps am- phibious teams and a Naval land- ing supply unit. There is an atmosphere of con- fusion complicated by local pol- itics in a land under perpetual state of emergency, with demo- cratic processes pushed aside. (Continutd on Two) Neutralists Pose Problem, Expert Tell; Ada, Page 5 THE Dodgers Rip Mett At Oldtimers Day; Sports Page 10 ADA, OKLAHOMA, SUNDAY, JULY 15, 1962 36 Pages 5 CENTS WEEKDAY, 10 CENTS SUNDAY Ada Theater Members Perform Like Old Pros "We're in love with a won- derful sang the cast and apparently Ada feels the same way about "South Pacific." Friday night, upwards of people streamed into Winter- smith Park Amphitheatre to witness the debut of the Ada Community Theatre show. And approximately more were on hand Saturday. The A.C.T. players, all 116 of them, presented a big, slick and exciting show for the local theatre fans. It was considered most observers the most professional. production ever staged by the group, even sur- passing last year's "Oklaho- in its teachnical aspects. Many people felt the audience "reaction" to the show was slower than usual Friday, but the fact that the show is not essentially a comedy, but rather a musical melodrama accounts for the more subdued show of spontaneous appreciation, Over all Director Jeanne Adams Wray was pleased with the first-night show. "I think we have achieved one big thing." she commented Saturday. "Every member of the cast is performing at his or her top'capacity. You can't ask anything more. 1 thought every- one performed as well as they were capable of performing and it was a good show." The largest crowd of all is expected for the final perform- ance tonight at 8 as the show ends its three-night run. Some of the gaiety and ro- mance of "South Pacific" are captured by a NEWS camera on today's feature page uurn to page one, section Communist Guerrillas Kill American Captain SAIGON. South Viet Nam (AP) 500 Communist guerril- las ambushed a government con- voy 40 miles north of Saigon Sat- urday and killed a U.S. Army cap- tain and 23 Vietnamese soldiers in a fierce battle that was over in minutes. the'" 'seventh American serviceman killed in miles north from Saigon to the Cambodian border. They disabled the leading vehi Floods Roar Through Iowa After Torrenf By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Torrential rains, including a lilUV cles with mines and riddled 8 inches at Iowa Uty, rest of the convoy with heavy and Republican Says He Is Doing OK ENID (AP) Republican Henry Bellmon claimed Sat- urday he is now running a neck-and-neck race with Democrat W. P. BUI Atkin- son for governor although wealth and tradition favor the Democrats. Bellmon, speaking at a meeting here of the GOP State Committee, predicted an "extremely close" vote in the November general election. Bellmon, saying his chances of becoming the state's first Repub- lican elected governor, urged sup- porters to intensify efforts to cap- italize on this. Democrats Feud He claimed his chances were bolstered by the Democratic bick- strength of his own organ- fay from Qkla. Time Bomb Explodes In Cathedral Of St. Peter light machine gun, recoilless rifle and mortar fire. The 280-man convoy. lost 20 wounded arid four more missing, besides its 23 dead. A jeep was AulCriCcUl ScL vn-ciiiau ikiin.M i JL9 combat since December, when the I destroyed and two heavy trucks United States began a massive badly shot up. iupport and training program here XTnwi to save South Viet Nam from gradual Communist conquest. Six- teen other Americans have been killed in accidents. The captain, whose name was not announced, pending notifica- tion to his family, was traveling_____....._._ a 19-vehicle convoy when itj Pursuit of the guerrillas contin- Within an hour, an infantry group of 120 men arrived and two companies of paratroopers dropped on the scene but found only bloodstains and other signs Iowa, flooded several inland lo- calities Friday night and Satur- day. Rains-oNnore-than-5'lnchesjlso sloshed the Black Hills, in South Dakota and the Illinois-Indiana border region in the Upper Wa- bash River Valley. Floods in Rap- id City, S.D., forced persons from their homes. The downpours were highlighted by violent thunderstorms which caused extensive lightning and of casualties where the guerrillas jwjnj damage. had been. The attackers had car-1 Many Midwest cities reported 24- ried off their dead and wounded.' hour accumulations of more than attacked. Spotter planes saw the Viet The Viet Cong guerrillas were Cong force retreating through hidden in dense bushes for more than, a mile along the smooth, fairly straight road which runs 80 dense forest, and air strikes were made up to 3 p.m., when contact was lost. The government convoy was headed north at the time of the Marriage is just another union that defies management. (Copr. Gen. Fea. Corp.) 3 inches and some damage from the spate of storms. The concentrated rain in the South Dakota hills sent a flash flood cascading into Rapid City, a community of where heavy rains during the last two months have saturated land and attack, to pick up employes of an filled reservoirs. _ engineering firm working at ani Mayor William Raff proclaimed outpost. Several civilian contrac-'an emergency as waters from tors are working on radar and I Rapid Creek boiled through city radio nets along Viet Nam's fron- tier with Laos and Cambodia. The ambush was similar to one i (Continued on Page Two) streets. Trees were swept along the current. As rain cased, standing water (Continued on Page Two) homans "who believe that a change will be good for their state." Bellroon said that since a publican governor in Oklahoma, tradition favors Atkinson, Another factor, he said, is that the Democratic candidate is rich "while we are low on funds and must depend up- on small contributions." Challenge Issued "We have the issues and senti- said Bellmon. "We mus not fail in energy and interest.' Bellmon accused Atkinson o "wheeling and dealing" in a fran- tic effort to align himself with the so-called "old guard." He charged that Atkinson's fre- quent meetings "the the mem- bers of the Senate and House, held in secret, points up the danger of government by cronyism and brok- en promises and deals." Atkinson Switches? The GOP nominee said Atkinson "is now in the process of abandon- ing his 50 per cent sales tax in- crease program because he sud- denly awakens to find that it is unpopular. He says he is 'no long- er married to the sales tax.' This could well be one of the fastest political divorces on record." Atkinson denied earlier he was backing down on the strong posi- tion he took during spring cam- paigns favoring a penny boost in Oklahoma's sales tax. What Else? "Oklahomans can now wonder if Mr. Atkinson has abandoned other things like patronage, ap- pointments, roads and other pre- rogatives of the governor's office in his desperate effort to Bellmon told the committee. "We can expect other such old- guard tactics by this man who Blast Does Scant Damage To Huge Catholic Ediface; Noise Terrifies Vatican VATICAN CITY (AP) A time bomb exploded Sat- urday night in the heart of St. Peter's Basilica, the largest church in the world. The world-famous Roman Catholic church was empty and no one was injured. A Vatican spokesman said damage to the ancient basil-, ica was slight and confined to the marble facing of one Authorities speculated thatthe bomb had been set by a mentally deranged person.! The blast echoed through Vati- can City and caused widespread alarm. Vatican workers rushed to the 700-foot-long basilica. The explosion occurred one hour and 10 minutes after the church's huge bronze central 'doors- had been closed for the day: (NEWS Staff Coalgate, doesn't have to worry The charge had been, placed .to the" right of' 'the" throne of ''St. Peter near the end of the basilica that Michelangelo and other art- ist's designed in the 16th century. It was not the first bomb inci- west Of the city. Dies In Auto Accident West Of City young Adair-wasr-Wiled and" another injured Saturday night when the car in which they were riding went off the road on SH 19 Groaning Monster Solves One Of Mankind's Problems dent in St. Peter's' history. There have been at least four other blasts over the years. In the last previous incident, a bomb was placed inside the basil- ica during a holy year celebration in 1950. But it did not explode. The noise of the blast reverber- ated throughout this, tiny papal j state housing the central govern ment of Church. By W. L. KNICKMEYER Civilization brings problems. A good worrier can always find something to work up a- sweat about. Like radioactive fallout. Like rising traffic fatalities. international struggle for power. But Bob Knight, over near Coalgate, has found the solution to one of the most vexing problems of modern life: French At Peace Cheer Bastille Anniversary PARIS (AP) Frenchmen, at peace for the first time since World War II, celebrated Satur- day the 173rd anniversary of the storming of the Bastille in Paris with a rousing parade, fireworks and dances. Even a rainstorm failed to dampen the gusto for this year's j "mts passed. died under umbrellas clustered several deep along the route as the parade rolled along to the wide Place de la Concorde. President Charles de Gaulle, in his wartime brigadier general's uniform, stood at stiff attention in a reviewing stand as the crack guard tactics by this man who dampen the gusto for this year's passed. hcavfis out of the tub and would promise all things to a'l ceieDration of! A government spokesman said jnt0 jts hole. The wall closes nnA V Fm-tllTlP tn HtlV __ r T..1-- (ka nST-sHn 3 lOOk" Of ____ -i ml- it-cnlf The ring in the bathtub. What Knight has done is to in- vent an automatic bathtub clean- er. It isn't just a thing he's work- ed out in his head or on paper. It's not even just a model. He's actually built one and it actually works. No more of this down-on-your- knees scrubbing around and around the bathtub in the Knight home. Throw a switch. Behind the tub, a section of the wall begins to move the accompani- ment of groanings and clankings. A monster machine moves out on curved tracks and settles itself happily into the tub. Growling to itself, it marches up and down the length of the tub, around and around, over and over. And when it's finished, it heaves itself out of the tub and people and spend a fortune to buy lis way into the governor's office, although should be arrive there, his hands would be tied by un- der-the-table deals made in secret meetings." Otii Martin, Ada, called roll for membtri of B and C Friday July Staff .Photo by John td en Two) the Fourth of July. Hundreds of armored vehicles and troops moved smartly from the Arch of Triumph and down the broad Champs Elysees as rain fell from black, ugly skies. Thousands of hud- if- t----------- JUIU iLO 1IU1C. -LUG ITdU. the parade was a "new look of over The machjne shuis itself France's military might following! peace in the 7Vi-year guerrilla; war in.Algeria, Emphasis now, he said, is on swift, mobile armored units rather than guerrilla-type infantry. the Roman Catholic And the bathtub's clean. This is a source of great satis- faction to Mrs. Knight, for one. (Continued on Page Two) The Final Tempest... The threat of atomic warfare hangs over the heads of Amer- ica, and in strange ways warps the fabric of American- life. Associated Press newsfeatures writer Saul Pett takes a search- ing look at this threat and how we all are affected. His story, one of the most important of our generation, is on page nine of this section. Thomas Jefferson Wingfield, 17, who lived on North Broadway, was killed in the wreck. Wingfield was the driver of the car. Injured was Roy Bell, 19, 721 East Tenth, a passenger with Wingfield. Highway Trooper Spike Mitchell, who investigated the ac- cident, said Bell did not appear to be seriously injured. The accident occurred about six miles west of Ada, three-quarters of a mile beyond Memorial Park. Wingfield was driving east to- ward Ada when his car went the road and out of control at the top of a hill. The car plunged downhill a distance of 280 yards and struck a large dead tree at the bottom of the hill, about 15 yards off the road-on the south side. The tree broke under the im- pact and fell across the car. The wreck happened at p. m. High temperatures continued through the weekend. Saturday's high was 97 degrees after a low of 74 Friday. At 5 p.m. the mercury had dropped to 95. to partly cloudy no important tem- perature changes Saturday night through Sunday night. A few widely scattered afternoon and nighttime thundershowers, most- ly west and north. Low tonight 59 northwest to 77 southeast. High Sunday 92 to 102.________ What Is Going To Happen? Questions Remain Unanswered On Reapportionment _______. thprc and pertain working classes have stituents while a city lawmak OKLAHOMA CITY representatives and senators and Speaker J. D. McCarty, Oklaho- OKLAHUMA VM-; MUUU v ___ tho r.ifv- Spn Bovd Cowden of government or chaos? Now or in 1964? Pure population or one house on area? These are the big questions be- ing batted back and fourth in the fight over legislative reapportion- ment. In about two weeks a federal district court at Oklahoma City will go into session to issue a final judgment on its historic June 1? order to reapportion the state House and Senate on essentially a population basis. There have been indications the court may wipe out results of the May primaries, shuffle legis- order new primaries before the ma City; November general election. Chandler, It is apparent now that if re- apportionment is to come immedi- the session starting next January it must be done by the federal court which ordered it. A debate at the Oklahoma City Press Club Friday night clearly illustrated that the fight over re- apportionment is far from over. Opponents are ready to compro- mise but they are not even con- sidering surrender. Speakers were Norman Rey- nolds-: Jr., attorney for Gov. J. Sen Boyd Cowden of long a power in the state Senate, and Martin Kauan, press secretary for former Gov. wiped out, it Raymond Gary and a leading foe to Edmondson's reapportionmentj petition in 1960. Reynolds argued constitutional reapportionment will restore con- fidence in government, make in- dustry look more favorable on Oklahoma, clear the way for fur- ther equalization of assessments, more efficiency in government and such reform measures as a district attorney system and re- strictions on county commission- McCarly said he believes there is a "reasonable ground" where the city and rural areas can meet. He said if the May primaries are bring chaos districts to give cities Edmondson; to the state. 'I think this court has gone en- tirely too he said of the three federal judges who ordered eapportionment June 19. He and Hauan agreed the U. S. Supreme Court will not allow the local judges to force action before the 1963 session. Hauan said the most unfair as- pect of present apportionment is the fact'that legislators run at large in Tulsa County. He said minority groups such as Negroes and certain working classes no chance at electing a spokes- man in the legislature. Cowden said reapportionment purely on population "will destroy the one system that makes demo- cracy great that is the system of checks and balances." He said other factors should be considered in apportioning the membership.of one house so metropolitan areas would not completely dominate the legislature. Cowden pointed out that people in small counties know their leg- islators and take more of an in- terest in state government. Reynolds answered that rural legislator may have only con- lawmaker may have 35 times that many and cannot possibly get to know them all. McCarty said the state Supreme Court years ago should have forced legislative reapportionment so this problem could have been averted in Oklahoma. Otis Sullivant, political writer who served as moderator, summed up the debate by saying: 'These men can't tell you what is going to happen because they don't know. I don't think anybody knows now what the court is go- ing to do." The answers are expected in a little over two weeks. ;