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Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - April 29, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma It is going to take some real inventive genius to figure out a watch for use on tomorrow's fast planes flitting Mostly cloudy with occasional showers tonight except panhandle; partly cloudy Tuesday. THE ADA EVENING NEWS ADA, OKLAHOMA, MONDAY, APRIL 2S, 1946 Tojo, 27 Other Top Jap Military Men Are Indicted Accused of War Crimes, to Be Arraigned May 3; Charges Range From Murder of Thousands of Americans to Conspiracy to Reduce World to Slave States for Axis By MORRIE LANDSBERG TOKYO, April 29.—(AP)—Japan’s warlord Hideki Tojo and 27 other militaristic leaders were indicted by the allies today as war criminals. They will be arraigned May 3 on 55 specific charges ranging from murder of thousands of Americans on Pearl Harbor day—to conspiracy to hammer the whole world into slave states of the Axis. Defense counsel are expected to be given reasonable time to prepare their cases before trials begin before an 11-nation tribunal.    „ Tribunal members heard Chief* Allied Prosecutor Joseph B. Keenan read the indictments at the Japanese war ministry building, then called U. S. Navy Capt. Beverly M. Coleman, who will head the defense, into a brief conference. Neither Keenan nor Chief Justice Sir William Webb, who heads the Allied tribunal, would comment as they left the building after the historic 35-minute session. Three Types Of Crimes As he presented the indictments, Keenan outlined three categories of charges:    Crimes against peace, “conventional” war crimes, and “crimes against humanity.” Offenses thus range from maltreatment of individuals to world conspiracy, and Keenan made it plain thpt the whole 18-year story of Japan’s bloody bid for world power will be told in the forthcoming trials. Named in the indictments were: Four Former Premiers Four former premiers: Tojo, Baron Kiichiro Hiranuma, Koki Hirota and Gen. Kuniaki Koiso. Adm. Osami Nagano, former chief of staff whose direct order (Continued on Page 8 Column I) Rock Wool Plan! Decision No Sudden Development For Ada One Plea of Guilt Comes Oui of Arraignment Docket An arraignment docket in district court was held Friday afternoon with Tai Crawford, district judge, presiding. Raymond Nicholas, who was charged with larceny of domestic fowls, entered a plea of guilty and was sentenced to serve one year. The sentence was suspended. The cases against L. R. Iker, L. H. Dendy and Frank Enochs, all charged with unlawful possession of intoxicating liquor, third and subsequent offense, were stricken from the docket. The cases against the three men were investigated by the grand jury and indictments W’ere filed. Howard Kirkpatrick and Leonard Robertson. who are charged with assault with intent to kill, asked for additional time to plead their case. Elmer Nicholas, charged with petty larceny, third and subsequent offense, also asked few additional time to plead. A charge of embezzlement against Harvey Hawkins was on the docket. The case was passed. In the charges of grand larceny against Dan Hastey, forfeiture of the bond was ordered. A case of forgery in second degree against Lewis D. Lyda was set aside. In other cases appearing on the docket, the following men against whom charges have been filed waived arraignment and entered pleas of not guilty: O. B. Smith, Jack Nabors, Leroy Blankenship, Boley Miller, and Elmer Nichols, R. H. Lowery, John Goodwin. Ruby Faye Goodwin. Betty Boyd and James Goodwin. Harvey Bolin, Cowboy (Thurman) Hice, Trim Dixon, Cecil Huffman, Clarence Lyda and Frank Billy, Eddie Alford (five charges), and another case against Cowboy (Thurman) Hice. Judge Crawford said Monday morning that a trial docket will be set in the near future. +  -- big paint store blaze ST. LOUIS. April 29, UPL_A spectacular blaze W'hich attracted nearly 3,000 spectators and tied up traffic for several hours destroyed the two-story Cook Paint and Varnish company building yesterday with a loss estimated by Fire Chief Frank Engerie-ther at $165,000. Nearly IOO firemen answered five alarms. Exploding cans of paint were hurled skyward as the blaze raged for four hours before it was brought under control. ROME. April 29. — (/P) — Dispatches from Milan today reported that Italian Carabinieri had raided a communications equipment plant there over the weekend and uncovered a cache of three truckloads of arms and ammunition, including 51 machineguns. V I WEATHER Oklahoma Mostly cloudy with occasional showers tonight except panhandle: lowest temperatures tonight lower 60’s, partly cloudy and warmer Tuesday except scattered showers east and ^south central in morning. * Started With Inquiry in November of 1944, Worked Through Mony Factors The announcement of the establishment of a new industry in Ada came as somewhat of a surprise to many Ada people, but had they known that the v Oklahoma Geological Survey had been working toward the new business since November, 1944, there would have been little surprise connected with the announcement. The Rock Products Manufacturing company will be located one mile east and one mile north of Ada. The plant will manufacture rock wool for distribution to a 14 state area in the middle west. Using Honey Creek sand dolomite from the Troy district, natural gas from the gas fields near Ada, and Pontotoc county labor, the plant will go into operation at the earliest possible date. Pint Inquiry In 1944 The history of the establishment of a rock wool plant in Ada is as follows: First inquiry was in November. 1944. Reply from the Oklahoma Geological Survey pointed out several places where there was natural rock suitable for making rock wool, some of them near transportation and fuel. The Survey invited interested parties to their office to discuss requirements and possible location* that would meet requirements. First Visit In 1945 The first visit was made May 4, 1945. Second visit was made during the latter part of May, 1945, to visit localities in Oklahoma following a visit to Kansas. The visit also included Missouri and northern Texas as part of the area in which the company officials were interested. Members of the Survey staff, Robert H. Dott, director, and W. E. Ham, accompanied company representatives on trips to different parts of the state. Samples were collected on this trip. From time to time, samples were collected from several places and blowing tests were made in the Survey research laboratory by A. L. Burwell, chemical engineer, and M. C. Oakes, geologist, of the Oklahoma Geological Survey. Centered On Troy Area Mr. Ham spent considerable time in getting accurate surface samples from the area west of Troy, which appealed to the management of the company. These were tested in the research laboratory and indicated an abundance of stone suitable for the purpose. Later, Mr. Ham assisted in selecting the sites for the test drilling to prove the extent and character of the rock below the surface, with the result that an option to purchase the land was taken up. From the time the first inquiry was received on this project, members cf the Survey cooperated in locating suitable material, sampling and testing. Material—Fuel—Location Decision of the industry to build a large manufacturing plant in Oklahoma was based on knowledge that suitable raw material is present in abundance, available fuel and location is within a large marketing area. Basic information was furnished or obtained by the Oklahoma Geological Survey as a part of its regular activities. Securing this industry, in competition with ll. S. Military Power Needed lays McLain 0 Speaks Hora, Presents Forceful Picture of Need For Strong Military Policy Lt. Gen. Raymond S. McLain, Oklahoma City, veteran of three wars who, a ‘civilian soldier*, rose to command of the 19th Corps in European fighting, today spoke to the Ada Kiwanis club. Talking frankly and in nonmilitary terms, he gave a straightforward discussion of the nation’s military policy as it has been and should be. First, however, he spoke in praise of the 45th Division field artillery, of which he was commander for a time through the rugged fighting of Sicily, Salerno, Anzio, saying that that division’s field artillery had no superior on the battlefields of the world. 45th Artillery Saved Salerno General Mark Clark, he reminded, credits two battalions of the 45th artillery with stopping a breakthrough that saved the Salerno beachhead; at Venafro that artillery suffered the greatest losses he knew among division artillery in European fighting. And at Anzio it was the 45th Division artillery that finally stopped the German drive that almost reached the beach-—some units losing half their men, one with 142 men coming out of the 1,000 who went in. “There are heroic stories in that battle”, said McLain, “that will stand up with any history or mythology.” Oar Old Policy Won*t DO As for the military policy of the United States, he remarked that it has been ^forget it until we get into a fight, whip up a large army, go out and whip somebody” — this has worked twice but at terribly higher cost in men and money. Now, he said, is tne time to confider a strong policy, that stability of the world rests on a strong United States, at least until the United Nations becomes strong. It takes a long time to build an army-—j ast men don’t make the army; it takes key men with leadership, trained, and these are the ones with the most points and so are out of service. An army is a complex organization. There’s no caste system, he said frankly, when half of the senior officers of the army, at the end of the war, were from among civilians. There are some officers with whom authority goes to their heads. Leadership Major Concern However, there were more generals at the front this time, there A wag# Not Mar rh Paia Circulation 8078 Mom tor: Audit Buraia of Circulation FIVE CENTS THE COPT U. N. Council Votes For Probe Of Franco Government In Spain Open Meetings Set On Charter Changes First Is Tonight at Glenwood School, Other Neighborhood Meetings Fellow; Council-Manager Pion to Be Explained Tonight, at 7:30 o’clock at Glenwood school, the first of a series of neighborhood meetings for explanation of proposed city charter amendments will be held. (Continued on Page 8 Column I) ,    ,    :    ~    waaaavf    *»*Vt exercising leadership. Firm lead-1 ership must come from civilian population — there isn’t enough real leadership anywhere, but a nation's army needs to have as much as possible on tap. Who would we fight? Italy and Japan were at one time allies, the next time enemies. A change of government can make an ally an enemy over night “If you could see a country that has been overrun by an army, the hopelessness and desperation of the people, you could appreciate what it means for war to come to a country”. McLain said. Ground Forces Still Win Wars I The United Nations is still being organized, still untested, the atomic bomb hasn’t proved that it will end wars—in 4,000 years every new offensive weapon has been met by new tactics and in the last war despite air blasting of industries, communications, cities, in the end it was—and will continue to be—the ground armies who win wars. Gen. McLain asked not for a h'-ge army but for a pool of men trained to handle weapons, knowing personal hygiene, sanitation, men who know how to live in wet and cold and not be sick, enough trained men that in time of war enough reserve would be constantly available to keep forces at the front at top strength. He is strongly against over-use \ij men with enough aggressive* bess to volunteer, thereby losing too many with initiative, anil strongly for seeing that all are called on to do their share, civilian or military, as democratic, American, fair. (Macs* Reds by Report Mistake CHUNGKING, April 29, (A1)— The Chinese communist party, through its New China Daily News, today admitted its charge that United States planes had strafed communist lines in Manchuria was a mistake. The' charges, the paper said, resulted from the use by the Chinese national government of nonpermanent paint in covering tl.e markins of aircraft purchased from the United States. The statement followed the ex placation by General Marshall April 23, in denying the communist assertion two days earlier that American planes had strafed communist lines and that one had been shot down with an American flier in it. Marshall investigated and learned, he said, that the “American” flier was a Chinese national pilot dressed in a flying suit purchased from the United States. Read tha Ada Nev* Want Ads. Rodeo Groups in Merger, Emphasis On Sports Anglos DENVER, April 29, </?>—The men who run the rodeos from Madison Square Garden to Pendleton, Ore., banded into a new organization Sunday and looked around for a high commissioner. The rodeo association of America and national rodeo association were merged into the international rodeo association. A commissioner will be named to work with the cowboy rodeo association—an organization of the men who ride the broncs and bulldog the steers. He also will represent the rodeo managers in settling differences between the cowhands and the rodeo associations. “Rodeos are big things now,” said Fred McCargar of Salinas, Calif., secretary of the association. Some of the top rodeo performers make as much as $8,000 or $10,000 a year. “We want to prevent rodeos from becoming circus performances, and keep them sports events. “Rodeos do a lot for the cattle industry because they giwetl cowhands an incentive to rope calves and bust broncos better.” R. J. Hof man of Cheyenne, Wyo., president of the new *roup, and former president of the RAA, said the alalgamation was the result of two years of consideration. The nation, was divided into 21 districts and vice presidents named for each. Hal Cooper of Woodward is vice-president for Oklahoma. which is district ll. (apl. Button of Arrie Note Din Aided in Discovery of North Pole, Mode Mony Trips Into For North Waters NEW YORK, April 29, (A*>_ Robert #Abram (Captain Bob) Bartlett, 70, noted explorer who was a colleague of Admiral Robert E. Peary in his 1909 discovery of the North Pole and who “commuted” to the Artic for 40 years, died here yesterday. He entered the Harkness pavilion of the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center last Wednesday with what doctors said was an acute kidney and heart condition. Capt Bartlett never reached the pole himself—although he took Peary within dog-sled distance of it. He first achieved fame as skipper of the vessel on which Admiral Peary sailed for his historic trip to the* pole. The dash to the pole was made with the aid of a series of supporting parties, the last of which was commc.:id-ed by Bartlett. In the winter of 1913-14, Bartlett was the central figure in an Artic disaster which came close to cutting short his career when he went with the Explorer Vilh-jalmur Stefansson through the Bering Straits. Bartlett’s ship was crushed to pieces by ice floes, but he led his party to safety on an island, and then made a perilous journey across the ice and down the Siberian mainland to help—1,000 miles away. Bartlett never married. O Everyone who is interested in the work of the recently elected board of freeholders in an effort to improve the city government of Ada is invited to attend, especially the people of the Glenwood school district. Other Meetings Scheduled Other meetings follow — at Hayes Tuesday night, at Willard Wednesday night, at Irving Thursday night, at Philemon Baptist church (colored) Saturday night and at Washington Monday night. Each meeting is to begin at 7:30. Joe Hensley and Red Walker will be in charge of the Glenwood meeting with other freeholder board members present and tailing part. Freeholders representing each district will preside at meetings in their respective districts. Three weeks of two and three meetings each have brought the board of freeholders to definite conclusions on revisions needed for the charter to modernize it in light of changed conditions, to provide for more efficiency in authority, responsibility, reaching of decisions and for better protection of finances and purchasing. Council-Manager Plan The draft of revisions calls for the council-manager plan. Under this plan authority rests with a council elected by the voters—-thus being democratic in its origin—-with every ward represented^ _ ^__ # The council would employ a city manager, who would administer city affairs through the proper departments, and who would b- responsible to the council for what is and isn’t done. The city clerk and finance department would have many provisions not now in use for safeguarding funds and for easy access to records of expenditures and equipment and materials purchased or sold. But the simplest way to find out is to come to one of the forum meetings, for there will be full explanation and that will be invitation to questions and .discussion. tonner Resident of Ada (ar Virin Cecil Stephens, 45th Div. Veteran; Killed in Californio Cecil Stephens, former resident of Ada, was killed in a car accident last week in North Hollywood, Calif., where he was making his home. He was recently discharged from the army, in which he served with the 45th Division. He is survived by his widow and two children, living in North Hollywood; his mother, Mrs. Mary Stephens; a sister, Kella, and two brothers, Bennie and Luther “Pete” Stephens, all formerly of Ada but now living in California. DriskM District (emender el VFW Election Held et District Encampment et Bristow Representatives of Ada Post 1202, Veterans of Foreign Wars, and the Ladies Auxiliary on Sunday attended a Fourth District encampment at Bristow. The local post placed the name of Hoyt Driskill in nomination for district commander and he was elected. The Ada delegation nominated and supported R. C. Burks. Bristow, for senior vice commander, and Frank Sefcik, Prague, for junior vice commander. Both were elected. Other officers are Comrade Clark of Shawnee, district quartermaster and Comrade Eccles, Seminole, chaplain. Following the meeting, the encampment adjourned and joined the women of the Auxiliary for cake and coffee. The Auxiliary of Ada was represented by Mrs. Wesley Jonei, local president, and Mrs. Joe Hensley, .senior vice president. The local VFW post delegates were Joe Hensley, commander; Harold Hall, quartermaster; Wesley Jones, service officer; Jack Cahill, officer of the day; Hoyt Driskill, adjudicator; Elmer Peay, junior vice commander, and Clyde Click, post representative. Rain Needed Over Pari of Midwest CHICAGO, April 29, CP)—Some rain fell in the midwest over the weekend, but it still left parched crops and gardens dry. The only area which really benefited from the showers was the Ohio Valley, from Oklahoma on east. Northern Illinois and Indiana, the Mississippi Valley and the plains states all had light rains which did little more than titillate the earth’s thirsty appetite. A little more light rain was forecast for the midwestern area Wednesday, but forecasters sai i a “dry trend” still was in effect. Pecan nuts grow on hickory trees. Exorcise Muskox Almost Complot# ' ’N'!: -,v. As Exercise Muskox races ahead in an attempt to beat the spring breakup and complete the last lap of its 3,100 mile operation, this snowmobile crashed through tne treacherous pressure ice cracks. Photo shows the type of dangerous terrain the exercise encountered, forcing them to carnr heavy timbers to bridge the most serious gaps in the ice. The snowmobile was righted and sped on toward Edmonton with the rest of the expedition. (Canadian Army Photo from NEA Telephoto.) Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan are Canada’s prairie provinces. Gtnua Rightists Sweep Yaih Zone h Riotous Voting By RICHARD OREGAN FRANKFURT, April 29, (A*— Germany’s fast growing new political party, the right-of-center Christian social union, won an overwhelming victory in weekend county council elections in the American zone, marred by rioting and pro-nazi activity. Conservative rural voters gave the church-supported party almost a two to one lead over its nearest rival, the slightly left wing social democrats. The communist party polled only a bare 5.4 percent of the 3,136,347 votes cast in the second free election in the area in 13 years. While 6,043 elected county officials took their seats on rural councils today, four United States army agencies were investigating a street battle between German voters and more than 5,000 Jewish displaced persons at Diessen rn Bavaria. Six persons were reported still in hospitals out of 18 treated for stab wounds and beatings in the riot which finally was quelled by American soldiers. Search underway today for tv/o Jewish guards whose disappearance prompted the displaced persons to rush the German polls after a report circulated that the guards had been murdered by civilians. Counter-espionage agents were probing the appearance of nazi swastikas in another Bavarian town and the setting fire to a communist meeting hall. Rural voters in staunchlv pro-Catholic Bavaria gave the Christian social union its big total of 1,779,203 votes to the social democrats’ 936.763 by overriding the majority the latter secured in more industrialized greater Hesse. It was the province of greater Hesse that the communists won their biggest vote, polling eight percent of the total vote of 1,-090,850 cast in the state, which includes the industrial cities of Frankfurt, Wiesbaden and Kassel. --a-- JAP GUARD CHARGED IN TORTURES DENIES GUILT YOKOHAMA, April 29,    — Ryoichi Shimode, former Kamio-ka prison camp guard, pleaded innocent today at the opening of his trial on war crimes charges of torturing prisoners. Among his victoms the charges listed Pfc. Robert L. Robinson. Tipton, Okla.,* and Machinists Mate 2/c Morris D. Swisher, Tyrone. Okla. Maj. John W. Renchard, Chicago, and Maj. Flournoy G. Goodman, Biloxi, Miss., will prosecute the case. HOLLYWOOD.~April 29. <.*>— The J. Paul Gettys (Film Actress Theodora Lynch) expect a visit from the stork next August, they have told friends. Getty is an oil and aviation executive. Miss Lynch, operator singer who made her film debut in “The Lost Weekend,” was interned in Italy in* 1941 while studying there. I Polish Speaker ta Sharp Slaps Al (lochs. British By LARRY ALLEN WARSAW, April 29.—(AV-Zygmunt Modzielewski, vice minister of foreign affairs, told parliament today that Poland regards as an “unfriendly act” the request of the Czechoslovak government for the Paris foreign ministers conference to consider the question of ceding to Czechoslovakia certain former German territories which Poland now considers part of her area. Modzielewski asserted Poland had not been advised of Czechoslovakia's intention to submit the question to the foreign ministers. The Czech request reportedly referred to territory south of Worclaw (Breslaw). (The Czechs have been advancing claims to territory around Glatz which forms an indentation in the Czechoslovak frontier). In a general review of Polish foreign policy, Modziewlewski, lauded the Polish-Soviet alliance, declared Poland wanted to live in friendship with all nations and wanted to foster her traditional friendship particularly with France. He said little tangible result had come from British declarations on return of the Polish army abroad. Many of those who did return as a result of British urgings were in rags and did not get demobiliation pay, he said. .He referred to Winston Churchill’s Fulton Mo., speech as a “vicious attack" on Poland and a factor against improvement of relations with London. Parliament voted confidence in :.heL Provisional government which rn spite of difficult postwar conditions has considerable achievements to its credit despite a lack of internal unity caused by the attitude of the Polish peasant party.”    ^ Soft Shoes Making Gils’ tod larger Younger Sot Hot Foot Two Or Three Sim Largo, Then Their Mother* ATLANTA CITY. N. J.. April 29—i/ty—The feet of today’s young lady are getting bigger and bigger, mainly because of the soft, slipper-like shoes she wears, the chiropodist society of New Jersey, Inc., has been informed. Dr. Jonas C. Morris of Audu-don said at yesterday’s closing session of the society’s convention that a survey of shoe retailers showed the younger set with feet two to three sizes la, ;er than their mothers. “If this continues,” he said, “when they reach the age of 25. they will wear size IO1* E instead of the 5 A their mother used to wear.” *- Mike Kelly once began a baseball game catching for Toledo and finished it catching for Louisville, Gromyko Is Still Opposed Five Members to Be Named to Investigate Charges Against France Setup • By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER NEW YORK, April 25*. UP— TJie United Nations security council, with Soviet Russia abstaining, today adopted a compromise resolution setting up a sub-committee of five mc...ber* to investigate charges against the Franco government of Spain. Ten affirmative votes were cast Soviet Delegate Andrei A. Gromyko kept his hand down when the vote was taken on a resolution which would require the sub-committee to report by May 31. Probe Board Named Dr. Hafez Afifi Pasha, chairman and Egyptian delegate, then named Australia. Brazil, China France and Poland as members of the sub-committee. The council then adjourned at 3:36 p. rn. with the date of the next meeting to be announced by the chairman Shortly after the council met. Gromyko announced he would abstain from voting. The Soviet delegate told the council that he still was opposed to the resolution. Gromyko thus cleared the way for adoption of the Australian proposal for a commission of five members of the council to investigate charges against Francs Spain and report back by May 31. Gromyko made It clear that the Russians regarded the matter already a question of substance instead of one of procedure but that they did not choose now to invoke the veto power. •oTheLS?viet delegate said that if he had voted against the Australian proposal it would make it impossible to pass it. indicating that he regarded it as a substantive matter even in this stage. “This abstinence from voting does not in any way constitute a precedent,” he declared. Wants Report By May 3 When the council con ened at 3:04 p. m. (EST), Dr. Oscar Lange Polish delegate, told the council that any commission appointed by the council to study the Franco case should report by May 31 to make sure that it really works and does not mere-ly shelve the question.” Dr. Lange, who was one of the framers of the Australian breakfast-table compromise resolution presented last Friday, said that ne wanted to go along with the Australian proposal rn the interest of unanimity. Th® Australian proposal would «council s condemnation .th® Franco regime of Spam and would call for a sub-committee of five council members to study the charges that Spain is a menace to world peace and is harboring Nazi war criminals. Amendment Acceptable Lange held up a vote on the proposal while he suggested that the committee be told to report May 31 instead of “as soon as practicable.” Paul Hasluck. 40-year-old Aus- the p,ace of Lt- Col. W. R. Hodgson, who has left the council because of his wife s illness in Paris, said he w*ould accept the amendment if the others on the council agreed “The Australian deleg*atmn ful-£ !"tends ***at the committee should work,” Hasluck said Russia SUH Opposed As the delegates convened they were lined up IO to I in favor of Australia! proposal. The council had been'prepared to vote last Friday but it adjourned over the week-end in the hope that Russia might reverse her position and (Continued on Page 2 Column 6) TH' PESSIMIST % Bota Bunko, fix Monday is a day when a lot o’ fellers pretend t* bs out when they're really all in. Before startin’ out in th* car these days it’s advisable that you dm fit f* be killed.    * ;