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Ada Evening News, The (Newspaper) - April 26, 1962, Ada, Oklahoma You all know the man who, every time he opens his mouth, puts his foot in it. One Adan remarks that it's so habitual with him he's taken to picking his teeth with- his toe nails Gunshot Volley Kills Three In Chicago, Page 3 THE ADA EVENING NEWS It's Close Race In Little Olympics See Sports Page 59TH YEAR NO. 38 ADA, OKLAHOMA, THURSDAY, APRIL 26, 1962 18 Pages 5 CENTS WEEKDAY, 10 CENTS SUNDAY U.S. Scores Space Advance As Crippled Ranger Lands On Moon Vehicle Hits On Dark Side GOLDSTONE, Calif. (AP) United' States scored a major advance in space today when the' crippled spacecraft Ranger 4 crash- landed on the far side of the moon. It was this country's first success in seven attempts to land a piece of hardware on the' moon and virtually duplicated the feat of Rus- sia's Lunik II which hit the 12, 1959. A space official called the feat another of the long strides in space made in the. past year. James E. Webb, head of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, told newsmen Ranger was much more com- plex than anything the Soviets have attempted. Dr. William Pickering, director of NASA's jet propulsion labora- tory which built Ranger 4, said that despite the failure of a key electronic system in the space- craft the fact that it hit the moon "gives us confidence we can send instruments to the moon with the accuracy needed." He said another Ranger to take close-up television pictures of the moon's surface will be launched by the end of the year. The crippled Ranger 4 zipped behind the moon at a.m., PST EST) and the scientists tracking it calculated that it impacted on far- side'! two minutes later. Although there was no way of seeing the actual impact, scien- tists said Ranger 4's trajectory before assured predicted area. 1.1-1" t The 780-pound vehicle, launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., U.S. Checks Results Of First Nuclear Test Shot WASHINGTON today checked preliminary data from the first blast in the new U.S. nuclear test series to see if it yielded significant information on improving the efficiency of American atomic weapons. The new series got under way Wednesday over remote Christ- mas Island in the Pacific with the explosion of a research and development device, rather than a finished atomic weapon. A simi- lar device likely will be used for the second in a few the United States pursues one of the major goals of the new test series: greater weapons efficiency. Reaction in the wake of the opening blast was as expected. In Congress, Democratic and Re- publican leaders said there had been no alternative but to test again in the atmosphere, the So- viet Union loosed a vehement at- tack on the United States and from other nations there was a mixed chorus of denunciation and approval. Some U.S. officials predicted anew that Russia would now fol- low an- other -test series of her own. Informed sources suggested that the leadoff U.S. device in Opera- tion Dominic, the name given to the first U.S. atmospheric tests in almost four years, .probably rocked the Pacific waters with the blast equivalent of to 500.000 tons of TNT. In a terse Here's Tesf Situation At A Glance By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS seek to determine whether first blast in new U.S. nuclear test series yields significant data for improv- New Tests, More Talk Add Tension WASHINGTON tion of U.S. nuclear testing in the atmosphere and an expected new round -of Soviet tests will cause some increase in East-West ten- sions, Washington officials pre- inS weapons: Soviets ex- I pected to begin new round of tests (heightening East-West tensions. diet. Highly placed sources here ex- pect that Russia will begin a new test series fairly soon, now that the_ is. testing-over tne central Pacific. Soviet .Premier Khrushchev's declared intention to conduct more experimental nuclear blasts if the United States did so is the passing behind the moon li stalcs d'a f IS lhe [that it would land in'the Jor ,th'S precast. But, authorities here say it is evi- results of Soviet tests last fall ll viil i vi .mutti. day, made the jour- that Russian leaders would want v _ i hrtlH tn ney to the moon m 64 hours. It passed the sunlit left half of the moon at an altitude of about 900 miles, aimed at a spot one- (Continued on Page Two) U. S., British Blast Off First Joint Satellite CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP! Thor-Delta rocket thundered skyward today in an effort to launch the world's first interna- tional joint effort of the United States and Great Brit- ain. The sleek 90-foot projectile blasted aloft at p.m. EST. Its mission was to propel the 132- pound scientific satellite into an orbit ranging from 200 to 600 miles above the earth -to gather data on the ionosphere and cos- mic radiation. The early portion of flight ap- to .hold further experiments in order ta develop their particularly in the field of anti- missile defenses. The extent to which East-West tensions build up will depend on the violence of the Soviet propa- ganda barrage and related actions that Khrushchev takes in the next few days. For example, there has been speculation in Geneva that the Russians would walk out of the 17-nation disarmament confer- ence. But at the State Department this was considered unlikely. Recent public statements by Khrushchev, as in his interview with American publisher Gardner Cowles, were interpreted to mean commentator charges President Kennedy with lie" when he'said March-he 'didrnot-want -tests; says "new round- in the nuclear arms" race has been started" Russian officials at U.N. say American tests "will upset bal- ance" of nuclear strength that Soviets equalized with series last year. U.S. disarma- ment negotiator Arthur H. Dean tells 17-nation disarmament con- ference quick and permanent ban on nuclear testing remains prime objective of Washington policy and negotiations for test ban must continue. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Valerian A. Zorin tells conference the new American tests were "an aggressive act directed against the world which has pushed us closer to the abyss of inevitable announcement, similar in style to those that followed 29 announced underground tests, the Atomic Energy Commission described Wednesday's blast as "in< the intermediate yield range." Other sources said word from Task Force 8 in the test area was that the firing was successful. The device apparently, was 5 to 25. times-more-powerful than the bomb that leveled Hiroshima. to- ward 'the end of World War II. But it was weak, in comparison with some of this country's hy- drogen bombs, rated at an explo- sive equivalent of 20 million tons of TNT. 'The opening test device was dropped from an airplane, prob- ably a B52 or B47 bomber. This indicated the explosion may have occurred below rel- atively low level blast. Later shots, around Johnston Island, will include'some at high altitudes ranging from 30 to sev- eral hundred miles above the Pacific. These probably will be propelled upward by missiles. Sources said the device deto- nated Wednesday was monitored by sensitive 'instruments geared to absorb a variety of -informa- tion. The blast force, the character- istics of the fire ball, the heat generated all will indicate whether the laboratory experi- ments and calculations have put U.S: track of. improving the-efficiency of's warheads..and bombs. A premium has been placed on packing more explosive power into smaller warheads because this would increase the destruc- tive capability of U.S. missiles. Experts considered it unlikely that the explosion produced much data on another important phase of the on "the ef- fects of nuclear blasts on radar and communications elements of antimissile systems. Sources said, they expect the later high altitude tests to furnish scientific, information on this problem. President Kennedy gave the Saturn Stays On Schedule CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) The great Saturn rocket Js oh schedule on a timetable to boost .the three- man Apollo spaceship into orbit in late im- portant step toward, placing the craft on the moon in this, decade, 8hat was the status re- port given by; Dr.' Wernher von. Br.aun .'Wednesday' aft- er the second "Straight suc- cessful test-firing of the huge eight-engine booster. Pouring 1.3 million pounds of thrust from, the first-stage power plant, the 162-foot Saturn, roared into-a clear sky in. an awesome display of .flame and- noise. The engines, spewing a 300-foot tail of fire, burned out- as intended 115.seconds THE .CONSPIRATORS Jim Armstrong (left) and Bob Adkini watch with close interest Troy Melton mixes an foresees continuation protest demonstrations ap- j. ,.ii._ war." Says Soviet Union com-jsignai for. resumed -air tests on pelled "take necessary measures --'------J to protect its presum- ably meaning new series of Soviet tests, LONDON-Western Allies blame Soviet fall test series and refusal to agree to test ban controls for new U.S. series; some leaders ex- press fear of nuclear arms race; the disarmament talks. British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and President Kenne- dy will review the test situation and its cold war impact, along with other, world problems, when they meet at the White House Sat- urday. peared normal as the three-stage rocket rose smoothly into a cloudy sky, arched quickly toward mS The two Western leaders are to state their policy on test- a declaration .at the con- the north-east, and sped from sight. It would take as long as twoj hours1 to determine whether suc- cessful orbit was achieved. This is one of many cooperative space exploration efforts the Unit- ed States plans with other coun- tries. Eventually, American- scientists hope to team with the Soviet Un- ion, the world's other great rock- et power, to probe the world be- yond our world with manned and unmanned flights. U.S, and British scientists (Continued on Two) OKLAHOMA Partly cloudy this afternoon; considerable cloudiness tonight and Friday; scattered showers and thunder- storms extreme west portion this afternoon west and central to- night and central and east Fri- day; warmer central and east tonight; a little cooler west and north Friday; low tonight 50 northwest to 65 southeast; high Friday 70-80. High temperature in Ada Wednesday was 77; low Wednes- day night, 55; reading at 7 m. Thursday, 5G. elusion of their talks Sunday afternoon. They may take the oc- (Continued on Page Two) before U.S. embassies in London, Copenhagen; some news- papers critical of U.S. test re- sumption. noisy demonstra- tors try to' storm U.S. Embassy compound but police drive them off; Japanese government files protest to" Washington similar to protest to Moscow against Soviet tests last fall. of first atom-bombed city express dismay (Continued on Page Two) Tuesday. He was informed of the blast-2% hours after it occurred, while cruising aboard the. presi- dential yacht Honey Fitz on Lake Worth.- He is vacationing in Palm Beach, Fla. Kennedy issued no statement on resumption of the tests, but he has left no doubt in several public statements why he had given the that the Soviet' Union had made important ad- vances in their' series of atmos- pheric tests last fall. The official Soviet news agency Tass said the Pacific firing start- ed "a new round in the nuclear arms race." "No propaganda ma- neuvers of Washington can ob- scure the fact that it has perpe- trated the gravest crime against Tass said. Ignored by the Tass statement-was last fall's Soviet test series. National Aeronautics. and Space Administration spokesman.termed a 100 per cent successful per- formance. Destroyed The.vehicle coasted upward to an altitude of 65 miles and there was destroyed deliberately by an electronic signal beamed from Cape Canaveral, As the Saturn Tipped 95 tons .of water-.carried for ballast in upper '.stages poured, 'into: the' ratified air'brthe' upper atmosphere and' blossomed into a massive cloud of ice flakes. The cloud expanded in two sec- onds to a diameter of 8 to 10 miles'and 12 seconds later dis- sipated in tHe atmosphere. Data Sought The unloosing of the water was a secondary scientific experiment designed to gather data on "how quickly the equilibrium would es- tablish itself in the upper atmos- phere after it had been disturbed by sudden introduction of the water." A radar device in a tracking plane detected "electrical dis- charge phenomena" near the cloud. This was .created by- ice droplets of different-sizes striking one another, causing friction. (Continued on Page Two) j Soviet Union Launches New Earth Satellite LONDON Soviet Un- ion the launch- ing of a new-artificial earth satel- lite, fourth in the latest series.' Moscow Radio. said._the new sputnik is named Cosmos 4. No. 3. was ..launched Tuesday, the same-day the-United State's sent a Ranger rocket toward the moon. The Ranger today. Cosmos .1. was fired March 16 and..Cosmos 2.April 6-after a rel- atively long period of Soviet inactivity in space. There was no suggestion that the title of "Mr. Adkins is "Ensign Pulver" and Melton it "Doc." In the scene depicted above, they're mixing rather odd ingredients to come up with a pasi- famous nds after launching at ani alcoholic brew in a from "Mr. the Ada Com- mixing some rather odd ingredients t nf milps in what nnp munity Theatre's new production. It's dut tonight and Fri- substitute for scotch. Curtain "ay night at Ad. Junior High-s auditorium. Armstrong plays com.dy is 8 -p. m. Staff Ph, Mr. Roberts Jakes Deck Overt'me Poses Dou ble Edged Here Tonighf [Problem For American Industry By ERNEST THOMPSON A .romantic and j some- times, wartime presented for' the first time' Community Theatre. By NORMAN WALKER Associated Press Labor Writer.. to .a" million "job's could be' created-if substantial overtime 'being j.worked in manufacturing indus- "Mr. a smash "hit could }ie somehow elimin- Broadway and in the movies, is' today's shot was manned; PREDICTED FALLOUT BELT Shaded area on each sidt torial regions of islands indicate fallout .will, of the U. S. nuclear test.sitts in and extend north and milti south of Johnston expected-tropospheric fall- and Johnston. Islands .as., it drifts a roud the earth: Darker out belt around in the forth-.. .indicates (AP Wirtphoto coming nuclear'tests. Prevailing wind patterns in the tile current A.C.T. production: Curtain time tonight and Friday is 8 p. m. at the Ada Junior High auditorium. Set on a Pacific cargo ship in World War II, "Mr. Roberts" pictures 'a shipload of men far from the actual'fighting arid worn down by the lack of .change, lack of -women and the lack of; war. It suggests that boredom can be as tough on the nerves as bombardment. .The only "war" the. AK 601' can fight- is against their captain who makes life miserable for others .because life was mis- erable for him. The crew's hero is Lieut, (j.g.) Douglas a quiet guy who fidgets and sweats a transfer to a real warship, but, in the mean- time, keeps in trim by scrapping with the skipper. When tlie captain refuses the crew a desperately needed shore leave, Mr. Roberts -gets it for them by making a secret agree- (Continued on Page Two) Appaloosa Association Slates Sale A -double-barreled attraction is in store here Saturday when the first statewide Appaloosa sale, and cutting horse contest opens at. the Ada Pony Palace northwest, of Ada. 'The" sale' is sponsored. by the state Appaloosa Association. Some 50 all classes and ages, will prance: in'-the arena before buyers and; .sellers. The sale will .begin at 1 following the con- tests in'the morning.. -The contest will start at 10 p.m. A spokesman for the association said about 30" head are expected to contest. 1 A purse will be given-the. win- ated and the work turned "over to the unemployed. One of the major inequities of the nation's economic situation is that, with millions unemployed, workers who have jobs are en- joying almost unprecedented'earn- ings because of a.great deal of overtime at bonus rates. The government reports that factory workers, for example, averaged .hours 'of. overtime' a week" If these overtime hours were de- nied to workers, already on, fac- tory payrolls and idled .employes rehired .to do the work, a sizable dent.would be made in the na- tion's 4.4 million unemployed to- tal. The total, would be reduced still more if ihe same thing were done in nonmanufacturing indus- tries: Why isn't this done? Why do ners -of' the contest .made 'up ;by club monies and ;-entry fees.'Both' junior and senior classes-will-', con- test. The juniors "'are four years and.younger and ''the seniors are four .years and older. Before the sale the 50 horses will -be screened' 'by local. vet- erinarians for health. Before that for quality; by .a'.committee 'and "only the..-'top' horses will block.. There, will'. be ;rio 'pass''outs' once the horse is entered for sale. In other words, all horses entered- will' regardless 'of: prices of- The, combined-'contest and sale .is the first .everjhcld; In Oklahoma (Continued en Page Two) GOP Fights Tough Public Works Battle WASHINGTON' Senate Republicans fought a rear guard action today against a billion public works proposal they called a raid on the Treasury and a potential presidential political weapon. The tactical difficulty. faced by the six -GOP mem- bers of the Senate Public Works it was shared by most of their party in oppos- ing the administration's proposal without being tagged as against public works. Sen. Winston -L. Prouty, R-N.H., who foresaw possible effective political use of the program by President Ken- riedy, promised to come up with an alternative when t h e committee -'approved measure is laid before the Senate later. Prouty's aides said "this was likely to be in the form of an amendment to limit presidentially directed expenditures 'to mil- lion for chronic unemployment areas and to projects already au- thorized by Congress. The Republicans.: generally ap- peared 'willing to take the: political chance of opposing a long range provision -under which Kennedy would, be authorized to spend up to billion on.'projects'he would select if-a recession threatened. Committee Democrats said in a majority -report there was. a "real and-urgent for such authority. But the. Republicans generally felt Congress could .act swiftly or be called into special session' if -a .depression loomed: The: 'committee-approved bill would permit the'President under the., standby power, to' start proj- ects not previously.. authorized by Congress. By: certain findings he could- make' federal avail- able on' a 90-10 'local 'matching asis. He. could -deal directly with cities without going through state governments. He' could not spend More" per' cent-of the .otal !billion-in :any one "state.1 But by the- same: token''he' could spend -all of'it in eight Ttey states if he chose; The'.political implications' of'this were not lost on who called .the'-proposal in a.statement of individual'.views .longest (Continued on Two) Gary's Prime Target For Opponents By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Former Gov. Raymond Gary said today other Democratic .can- didates for governor.will, concen- trate" their fire on. him during the final five. days 'of 'the, primary he appeared to be right. Candidates were bombard- ing Gary from Gary said: "As. often -happens' when making political mud pies, have gotten more- dirt, on .themselves-than'on a.reference to George. Mis- "The candidale'who has attack- ed melongest'and'mos't" viciously was considered "formidable at" the itart of the campaign. Now-all po- itical he" is out of the race. has made" so .many'enemies Dy being on all.-sides of "every ssue, each knock joost'I believe'the same thing s now .happening, to-my ..Miskovsky.. joined J. Moore and others in criticizing Gary. for His of Langston, .manager of the Okla- homa Association .-of -Co- operatives. Miskovsky said: "Ray- mond'Gary hates-the REA..He is not a true friend of'the rural peo- ple. electric. r.ates to go If; would'increase them; another 50 (Continued on Two) employers prefer to pay workers times .their regular for substantial -amounts of'over- time.' than recall 'experi- enced on "layoff from the recession, to do the work'at the cheaper straight time rate of The answer, according to the experts, is'that while a certain amount of overtime work is al- ways, necessary because of rush jobs and need for particularly skilled the situation is aggravated now by several fac- tors. Employers-hesitate to take on responsibilities involved in hiring new workers when-, they are un- certain about long-term business conditions. Another reason is the cost .of fringe benefits. It has become cheaper in-some cases to pay the overtime premium for extra hours than to take back former workers and the obligations for fringe ben- efit costs' arid 'payroll taxes. With one worker these costs are paid only once, 'with two workers twice. The. .-cost; differentia] favoring is not always true, but it is in now when employ- ahead for several months for extra em- ployes'but not-enough work be- yond that. Labor-union'leaders are report- ed to have broached the problem to President Kennedy at a recent White House .conference. Nothing was the'union7 men are considering -a- plea -to Con- gress-to boost the overtime pen- alty to double or "twice the regular pay rate. The purpose would be to dis- courage overtime and hiring .-of extra workers. Up to now. the unions have fav- ored reducing, the...40-hour work week limit" provided in the fair labor as a-step to share the'available work. With Kennedy on record as opposed to a. shorter work week; unions- greater overtime penalty :as an'alternatc -method of work- 'time' sharing. This: has been discussed in the AFL-CIO '-Executive or- ganized labor's, high .command, opens its two-day' spring meeting -BULLElN NEW A- federal r grand- juty today indicted Steel Corp., Bethlehem and two- other- steel on charges, of conspiring to. fix prices'" and rig' bids. Television has a lot' of side ef-. fects. People conditioned by TV now stare at the hi-fi ing to Gen. Fea. Corp.) ;