Ada Evening News (Newspaper) - April 15, 1946, Ada, Oklahoma
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Mostly cloudy and cooler with scattered showers and thunder storms east.
THE ADA EVENING NEWS
At«ra<« Net .Warr* Paid Cire alalia*
Membrr: Audit Bureau af Circulation
ADA, OKLAHOMA. MONDAY, APRIL 15,1946
Grand Jury Selected
FIVE CENTS THE COPY
What Rice Glory?
Rosenberg on Stand Af Nuernberg, Tries To Talk Philosophy
Kolfeitbruitner's Defense Jolted by Testimony Of Former Osweicim Boss
By RICHARD KASISCHKE
NUERNBERG, April 15.—(£>)— Greying Alfred Rosenberg, official philosopher of the nazi party. testified in the war crimes trial today that he studied in Moscow in 1918 and ‘‘what I experienced in Russia persuaded me to go to Germany and work there against any trend toward Bolshevism.**
He launched almost immediately into philosophical discussions which Lord Justice Sir Geoffrey Lawrence, presiding judge of the international military tribunal, sharply interrupted:
‘ Confine yourself to the charge, which is not that they (the nazis) attempted the reconstruction of Gel many but that they used this i ©construction to attack races outs.de.”
Early Hitler Convert
Rosenberg, one of 22 German leaders on trial for their lives, sa d he wan one of Adolf Hitler’s earliest converts, having joinec his fledging party in 1919 after meeting the future dictator in Munich. He said he was a Baltic German, born in Estonia, but a1 ways considered Germany “my spir taal home.”
The tribunal ruled as inadmissible nearly half a pile of documentary evidence submitted in behalf of Rosenberg. Most of the rejected material was exhaustive philosophical writings.
The court earlier concludec t?u,r evidence from Ernst
Kaitenbrunntr and los witnesses.
Blow' Top Kaltenbrunner
R adolf Hoess, former commandant of the infamous Osvviecim concentration camp, testified before the international military tri-Dun.il today that Defendant Kal-tcfibrunner end his staff were responsible for all orders for commitments and individual executions in concentration camps.
Hoess, a defense witness, gave this test mony under cross examination tv the United Stales prosecution. The evidence was considered the most damaging of any giv« n against Kaltenbi unner to date.
He said that Kaltenbrunner, as
chief of the nazi security police gave orders for “protective custody, commitments, punishment and individual executions.” Such orders, the witness said, were signed either by Kaltenbrunner or by his deputy, Heinrich Mueller.
The horrors of Osvviecim, he said, were a secret between himself, Heinrich Himmler and ”60 men who received detainees marked for death.” The 60 were sworn to secrecy, he testified.
Hoess said Himmler visited Os-w iceim in 1942 and “watched one processing from beginning to end.” The witness described in detail the “processing”—the gassing or thousands of persons at a time in rooms labeled “delousing plant ’ and “shower room.”
Schoolmasters To Heel at Yanoss
The Pontotoc county Schoolmaster club meets Wednesday April I*, at 7:30 p. rn., at Vanoss school, according to Norman C Mitchell, county superintendent.
Vanoss school will furnish the program and refreshments for the group.
Superintendent Mitchell said tr.at the speaker for the occasion has not been selected.
County- commissioners met Monday morning and appointed walter Ford, who for many years has been an officer, as constable for the Percy Armstrong justice court.
Ford replaces G. R. (Ruff) Cartwright, who died of heart trouble a week ago.
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OKLAHOMA — Mostly cloudy and cooler with scattered showers and thunder storms east and light rain or drizzle west this afternoon and tonight; low temperatures tonight upper 30’s Panhandle to lower 50s southeast; Tuesday partly cloudy except scattered showers extreme cast m the morning; cooler southeast and extreme east; warmer extreme west in afternoon.
Hereford Men Plan Better Publicity
Association, Known Internationally, to Work Out Long-Ranga Planning
Members of the Hereford Heaven Association met Sunday at the Bill Likins Flying L ranch near Davis and settled on a policy of organized handling of nationwide publicity.
The organization, formed less than three years ago, is known now wherever Hereford men gather.
Its fame as a breeding center spread like wildfire after the association was formed. Its members have through national publications seen to it that Hereford Heaven continued to be the top ‘brand name’ among Hereford groups.
But, as discussion brought out Sunday, that publicity has been in a month to month basis, and now the association means to place it on a sound, long-planned program, that will, in effect, catch up with the sweeping recognition the area has had.
Another meeting will be held, in May, before the first Hereford Heaven Association tour June 7 and 8.
The association r ambers enjoyed the fine hospitality of Mr. and Mrs. Likins at an informa luncheon and, after they had concluded their discussions, drove through some of the pastures thai; lie between two ranges of rounded Arbuckle mountains and looked over some of the magnificent animals composing the Flying L’s show animals and register breeding stock.
FoufiapbHicers Sentenced For Deaths el Airmen
SHANGHAI, April 15. UP)— Four Japanese army officers were sentenced today by an American military tribunal to from five to nine years in prison at hard labor for the kangaroo court trial and execution of three Doolittle airmen.
The commission which triec them ruled that the defendants acted without choice under specific orders from superiors.
The three airmen, Lts. Dean E Hallmark of Dallas, Tex., and William G. Farrow of Darlington, S. C., and Sgt. Harold A. Spatz, Lebo, Kas., were executec under the Japanese “enemy airmen’s law.”
The law was enacted by the Japanese war ministry after the Doolittle raid and made retroactive to cover the captured fliers.
In passing sentence after two days’ deliberation. Col. Edwin R. McReynolds of Washington, D. C., chief of the commission, said the commission found that high Japanese government military officers, other than the defendants, were “responsible for the enactment of the enemy airmen’s law and issuance of specific instructions as to how American prisoners should be tried, sentenced and punished.”
All sentences are to be served at “hard labor.”
The defendants were impassive as the sentences v ere read, but their Japanese defense counsel wept with joy and one in a choked voice thanked the commission profusely for its “fair verdict.”
The three Americans were a-mong the eight fliers captured after the Doolittle raid April 18. 1942, when their planes crashed •long the China coast.
The following August they were given a brief court martial without counsel and in Jananese and then led to a cemetery outside town where they were forced to kneel before short white crosses and were shot to death.
Driver Accused As HH-Run Driver
Vernon Willis Charged With Leaving Scene of Accident Without Stopping
Vernon Willis was beaked in at the city police station on charges of being a hit and run driver. The arrest was made at 12:10 a. rn. Monday by Highway Patrolman Cy Killian.
Records show that Willis ran into another automobile on East Main street and proceeded on his way without stopping at the scene of the accident.
T. E. Gumfory of Seminole was .ne driver of the car that was He got the license number of the Willis auto and reported the incident to the highway patrol.
Willis was arrested, and was released from the city jail after making a $20 cash bond.
First Grand Jury For County Since Back in 1938
Tai Crawford, District Judge, Presiding; Owen J. Watts Spacial Assistant To Attorney
A grand jury, the first to be impaneled in Pontotoc county since 1938. was selected Monday morning and informed of their duties in addition to the manner in addition to the manner in which they will function. They were further instructed on some of the duties required of them.
Members of the grand jury include Bill Beavers, Rex H. Bentley, George Breeden. Emmit Bradford, Street Davis, Henry Grant, Herbert L. Griffith, W. A. Henson, E. P. Hunter, Jr., A. I. Lawson, Rube Murphy and Oren Phillips. Henson was selected to serve as foreman.
To be qualified as a grand juror, one must have been a citizen of the United States, must have been a resident of the state for one year and a county resident for at least six months. He could not have any connection with law or law enforcement and r. * .t not have been convicted of a felony. Can Feel Have Done Duty Tai Crawford, district judge, told the jurors that they could work when they wanted to and adjourn when they wanted as they made their law rules.
* “I would like to be excused and would be if I had some one to take my place,” the judge said. He further told the men that he was sure that they didn’t want to serve, but was sure that they would feel they had done their when the grand jury had fulfilled its purpose.
“It is my duty to see that good men are picked and that good men serve on the grand jury,” the judge told about 50 spectators, who were on hand for the affair.
C. T. (Shorty) Lawson, district court baliff, was appointed baliff for the grand jury.
Watts Aids McKeown
McKeown, former congressman and district judge recently appointed to the prosecutor post replacing Vol Crawford, requested legal aid through Gov. Robert S. Kerr. Accompanying a petition asking for a grand jury was a letter asking that assistance be furnished by the attorney general’s office.
Judge Crawford read instructions to the men on the grand
House Votes to Extend Draft Law to Next February, With Ban on Inductions to Oct. 15
J?. V1 £uys who spent long years as Jap war prisoners
would be so ted up on rice and fish that they’d never want to see them again, but here’s a bunch of them actually cooking and eating the stuff in public. They’re veterans of the Bataan Death March, pictured dishing out the chow in front of Detroit’s City Hall, in fulfilment of pledges they made in prison camps.
(Continued on Page 2 Column 5)
Patrol Fites Four Cases (or Weekend
Rockless Driving, Wrong Forking, Driving Whan Intoxicated Involved
Cy Killian and W. H. Bailey, highway patrolmen stationed in Ada. filed three charges in the Justice court of Percy Armstrong and one in the justice court of Franklin P. o u r I a n d following weekend happenings.
George Brown was charged with violation of the rules of the road No. 9. He was arrested for operating a motor vehicle with a spotlight attached, south of Ada Saturday.
Emma Jones was arrested two miles south of Ada in a “drunken and intoxicated condition” and charged with public drunkenness. This case will be heard by Justice Bourland.
Charges of reckless driving were filed against William Teel, Jr., in the Armstrong court. The complaint states that Teel drove a car from a point five miles south of Ada to a point about 12 miles south of Ada without due regard to traffic.
Dolan Clark, who is charged with violation of the rules of the road No. IO, will appear in the Armstrong court. He is alleged to lave parked his car with the left side on the center of the highway two miles south of Ada.
tRANWITHDRAWS in (OMPUINT
NEW TORK, April 15.—(ZP)— Iran officially withdrew its com-ilalnt against Soviet Russia be-: ore the United Nations security council today.
Dr. Quo Tai-Chi, chairman of the council, informed the delegates shortly after the council met at 3:08 pm. es.t. that he had received a letter from the Iranian ambassador, Hussien Ala, withdrawing the case.
The letter said that the Iranian government had informed Ala his morning that Iran had compete confidence in Soviet Russia ‘and for this reason withdraws its complaint from the security council.”
— .....|r -
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Governor May Step Into Butte Picture
After Riots Leaving Scores of Houses Wrecked, Some Mobsters Held; Mobs Smashed Homes of Miners Who Didn't Strike
By ED JOHNSON
BUTTE, Mont., April 15.—(AP)—Governor Sam Ford disclosed today he was considering asking the federal government for help to stop riots in Butte that left scores of houses wrecked, two boys wounded and an unannounced number of mobsters under arrest.
♦ Declaring in Helena that he would talk with Butte peace of-
Man Arrested For Shooting Up Hb Furniture, House
J. D. Johnson, who lives at the corner of Fourteenth and Mississippi, was arrested Saturday about 8 p.m. at his home after trouble was reported to the police.
Police said that Johnson was shooting a pistol inside his house, where the building and furniture were damaged by the shooting.
It was also reported that when he used up all of the ammunition in his .45 calibre revolver he took the gun and started pounding on furniture and the inside walls of the house.
Police said that he was drunk at the time of the incident and that he ruined his pistol beating the walls and furniture.
Johnson was released from jail after making a $2° cash tond.
TULSA BURGLARS OUTDO ‘ SELVES OVER WEEKEND
TULSA, Okla., April IS.—(ZP)— Burglars outdid themselves over the week-end, police reported today, as they took loot ranging from dog houses and steaks to $4,250 in cash.
Recorded losses included a dog house. 63 pounds of meat, $4,250 in cash, a horse, 224 feet of yellow pine flooring, suits, watches, cameras, $13 in nickels and a green blanket.
Checotah Bond Issue Approved
OKLAHOMA CITY, April 15.— lb—Bond issues totaling $15,000 have been approved by the attorney general’s office for new fire fighting equipment and water works repairs and improvements at Checotah.
fleers—greatly outnumbered by depreciators — before deciding whether to ask for federal assistance, the governor said:
“They (peace officers) assured me yesterday they had had things under control but apparently they didn’t.”
Officials Plead For Quiet
As this tense topper mining center—“richest hill on earth”— surveyed the wreckage from a second night of unbridled violence labor leaders and public officials pleaded for cessation of destruction. The roving bands centered their attacks on homes of workers who did not join a miners’ strike, city authorities reported.
The sheriff declined to say how many persons were being held, reporting “they’re all juveniles” and that they had been arrested for looting. He indicated several were girls.
Other authorities said the vandals—including one mob of about 500 were mostly women and young children.
Gangs Roved City
Saturday night and again last night, gangs of men, women and teenage boys—armed with axes and traveling by truck and automobile—roved the streets of this strike-bound copper-mining community of 40.000 and its suburbs, unloading at private homes to bash in windows and doors and throw wrecked furniture into the yards.
Most of the homes damaged. Police Chief Bart Riley and Mayor Barry O’Leary said, were occupied by mine s who stayed on their jobs on “the richest hill on earth” after a strike of 3.500 members of the International Union of Mine. Mill and Smelter Workers (CIO) began Tuesday _The union strike committee,
(Continued on Page 2 Column 8)
Bowles Sees Early End to Extreme Inflation Danger
Tkot Is, Ho Tolls Sonotors, lf Frico Controls Kopt In EHoct Now
By FRANCIS M. LEMAY
WASHINGTON. A^ril 15. <.!*>— Economic Stabilizer Chester Bowles told senators today that if puce controls stay in effect there is reasonable hope that “we will be out of the woods of extreme
1946 ”°nary tonger to *be entl °f
And if this happens, he testified at senate banking committee hearings, “controls can he lifted generally by June 30. 1947. in all but the areas of acute shortage.’ Bowles opened the administration drive for one-year extension of the office of price administration which otherwise expires June 30. 1946.
Snyder For Subsidies Chairman Wagner (D-NY) read a letter from John W. Snyder, reconversion director, urging continuation of OPA without crippling change and asking continuation of subsidies to keep down retail prices.
Bowles told the senators:
“Our people are watching to see whether or not their government really means business in holding down the cost of living.
“Our 3,000,000 businessmen are watching to see if a weakened price control act will further increase their costs of production.
Farmers Watching “Our 6.000.000 farmers are watching to see if we are to indulge in another postwar gamble with inflation such as caused 450.000 farm foreclosures after World War I.
“Our 17.000,000 industrial workers are watching to see if the present balance between wages and prices is to be maintained or abandoned.
“Our 12.000,000 or more of white collar workers and people living on fixed incomes are watching to see if they are to be squeezed again between raising rents and prices and relatively stable incomes.
“Speculators by the thousands are watching for the first signs of legislative weakness on a program which congree has Steadfastly maintained against pressure for four weary, difficult war-torn years.”
Friends and foes of OPA awaited the signal for house debate in price control extension.
Indians and U. S. Far Apart on Deal
Difference of $30,000,000 In Offers on Tribol Cool, Asphalt Lands
Indians of this area have been wondering “where at” are the negotiations of the federal government for purchase of Choctaw and Chickasaw tribal coal and asphalt lands.
A report to The Shawnee News the other day from Washington said:
A slight difference of 30 million dollars has interrupted negotiations for purchase by the government of Choctaw and Chickasaw coal and asphalt lands. Tribal officials are asking 32 million while the interior department’s top offer to date is just over two million. Congressman Bill Stigler, who is sponsoring legislation for the purchase, declares a compromise appears likely soon. Meanwhile, the chiefs and their lawyers have returned to Oklahoma.
Seize Seven Axis Leaders In Orient
Remnants of Once-Powerful Spy Network Token
By RICHARD CUSHING
SHANGHAI, A-'ril 15, <.T*— Seven axis nationals whom U. S. investigators said were the remnants of a once-powerful nazi spy network which continued to operate in the orient four months after Germany’s surrender were arrested today.
This culmination of months A intensive work by U. S. officers was one of the most important roundups of international figures vet conducted in the Far East. They ineluded four Germans, two Italians and one Japanese. All are charged with war crimes activities hostile to the United States.
Persona! Friend of Hitler
Lt. Col. Ludwig Ehrhardt (alias Eiscntraieger and Count Schwerin). 60. was identified as leader of the group. Marine Capt. Frank Farrell of New York City. who was on his trail since early September, said Ehrhardt was a personal friend of Hitler and chief of the nazi fifth column sent into the Balkans in the late 30*s.
The men were called this morning before Lt. Col. Jeremiah Occoner. Washington, D. C., of the China theater judge advocate office, for “routine questioning.” When they were gathered. military police called the roll and hustled them off to jail. While the Chinese have some interest in the case because their alleged crimes were against the interests of China also, the U. S. was expected to be given a free hand in dealing with the group.
Fair Trial in Germany
Today’s roundup followed the announcement by military authorities that all nazi Germans »n China would be sent to Cjrmanv June 15. Col. Richard C. Whitman of Lincoln. Neb., repatriation chief in the China theater, said those repatriated probably would be tried in war crimes courts in Germany.
Chiang in* Effort
To End Stalemate In Manchuria Crisis
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Pions Announced for. Big Recreational Area On Old Washita Farm Land Near Tishomingo
Plans for the establishment of a recreational area to care for 5,000 people daily at the Lake Texoma Game Refuge were announced this week by Earl Craven, refuge manager.
Craven said the announcement had come from J. Clark Salyer II, chief of the refuge division.
The recreational area, first to be announced as actually in the process of development on the lake, will actually be in three areas, all only, a short distance from the best fishing sites on the refuge. Craven said.
All improvements will be on the old Washita Farms area in in southern Johnston county.
Work Starts Soon
Preliminary work will be started before July I and will include roadways, rest facilities, tables and other improvements.
Later, officials expect to make drinking water available in the areas and to establish an undisclosed number of conveniences.
Total expenditure for the development was not announced, but it was understood to be “sizeable.”
One of the areas will be near the Spring Creek section of the lake at the old Washita bass pond. A second is planned for the Big Sandy area and the main development will be alxiut centrally located between the two.
Most Of Area Is Water
The recreational development is part of an allocation of 13,500 acres which have been set aside for a game refuge. More than half of this area is water.
Boundaries of the area run, roughly, from old Highway 99 to the west end of the Cumberland oil field dike. Wildlife service officials spent about two weeks here recently completing plans for the development. Salyer was in the group.
Four to six houses of the old Washita Farm area will be renovated. Headquarters will be at the old Washita Farm headquar
ters and the old store will become the office while machine storage is planned for the present warehouse.
Means Better Hunting Craven also pointed out that hunting in the area probably will improve as the result of the refuge. despite its being “off limits” to hunters.
“There will be no rule against shooting ducks off the reservation,” he pointed out, “and Johnston county farm ponds, slew's and creeks should offer fine sport during the hunting season.” Farming will be permitted in the area on a share-cropping basis and former owners of the land have priority on leasing acreages for grazing purposes. Nearly 3.000 acres of land for this purpose has been leased by former owners.
The refuge manager pointed out recently that a bathing beach and dock and launching facilities for small boats are other possibilities for the area.
By HAROLD K. MILTS
CHUNGKING. April 15. <.V — Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek threw the weight of his personal influence onto the scales today in an effort to achieve some semblance of balance in the Manchurian situation which Chinese communists say has reached a state of Civil War.
The leader of the central government, newly returned from a tour of south China, appointed a three-member committee of his Kuomintang (national party) to meet immediately with the communists. the democratic league, and the China youth party to try to de-fuse the explosive tua tion.
Chinese sources reporting this development said Chiang appear ed “most anxious” to end th.* stalemate which is delaying unification of the government.
These sources, close to Chiar , said he entertained the steering committee of the political consultation conference at tea this afternoon and asked the communists and other lesser parties to make their nominations for the reorganized government before Saturday.
Gen. Chou En-Lai, communist negotiator, who only yesterday declared the government havi started a Civil War in Manchuria and that the communists had no choice but to “counterattack,” reminded Chiang that the present situation was a barrier against proceeding with the government unification.
In reply. Chiang named the Kuomintang committee of three to try to work something out quickly. Identity of the negotiators was not learned immediate-
While this latest move for peace was in progress, Changchun. Manchuria’s capita], was reported under Chinese government martial law as Russian occupation forces withdrew and communists surrounded the city.
Oakman and Wilson Schools Near (lose
County Superintendent Norman C. Mitchell said that Oakman and Wilson schools will close Friday as they will have completed their full nine months term of school.
The two schools held summer terms and a short fall vacation.
Other schools in the county will be finishing their terms in a few weeks.
Final Form lo Be Settled by House, Senate Conference,
House Demo Whip Favors Veto lf Senate Fosses Measure os Housa Wrote It
WASHINGTON. April 15, <JP>— Legislation extended the draft law from May 15 of this year to next February 15 but prohibiting any inductions before October 15 was passed today by the house and sent to the senate.
Passage w as by roll call vote of 290 to 108.
The bill also prohibited the induction of any 18 or I9-y. -olds, limits the size of the armed forces, restricts servL. of inductees to 18 months and permits the president to reinstate inductions after October 15, if necessary.
“Recommit” Motion Rejected
Prior to the roll call vote—the only one recording how a member voted on any of the questions faced during consideration of the measure—a motion to recommit the legislation to committee was rejected by a shouting house.
The senate military committee has approved a measure to x-tend the draft a year beyond May 15. without any dr-.'t “holiday.” There were no roll call voters on which the members are recorded individually, when the bill was put in shape for final approval today.
No one asked for a roll call on banning the induction of 18 and 19 years olds,, and fewrer than 50 members demanded a record vote on the amendment halting all inductions I-tween May 15 and October 15. WTith more than 300 members on the floor. 61 requests were necessary before the roll could be call-cd.
Final Form Unsettled
The actual form of the extension undoubtedly will be decided by a senate-house conference committee. In this connection, Rep. Sparkman (Ala.), house democratic w'hip and a member of the chamber’s military committee. said that should the senate follow the house pattern “it would be better for the president
!°n^t0 lt ,han ** int° laW *
pc sudden desire for a roll call vote on final passage in the house was interpreted by many members as indicating a general desire to gi t “on the record” in favor of extending the draft law until next February 15. It now is due to expire May 15.
(tty Police Raids Net (hoc Beer
Four Negroes Charged With Possession
Members of the city police force went to the negro section Saturday afternoon and are alleged to have found 40 gallons of choc beer at four different locations.
Police Chief Dud Lester said that 16 gallons were found at one place, seven gallons at another, eight gallons at a third and nine gallons at the fourth place visited.
Charged with unlawful possession of choc beer are Mabel Colbert, Eli Clark. Naomi Moses and Mary Frazier.
Each of the four posted $20 cash bond and was released from city jail.
Arresting officers were Chief Lester, E. V. Cochran and Captain Luther Davis.
Largest River System
The Missouri river system is the largest in the United States. In addition to drawing water from ten states, it drains 10,000* square miles in Canada.
Or Bo* Blanks. Jr.
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Miss Fanny Brail throwed a bridge party yisterday fer cr new spring outfit.
A clegk in th’ Blue Front department store fainted th* other day when a customer asked th’ price o’ somethin’ before sho bought it